Download Print this page

Asus GigaX2024X - GigaX 2024X Switch User Manual

Gigax series layer 2 managed switch.
Hide thumbs

Advertisement

GigaX Series
Layer 2 Managed Switch
User Guide

Advertisement

Troubleshooting

   Related Manuals for Asus GigaX2024X - GigaX 2024X Switch

   Summary of Contents for Asus GigaX2024X - GigaX 2024X Switch

  • Page 1

    GigaX Series Layer 2 Managed Switch User Guide...

  • Page 2

    (including damages for loss of profits, loss of business, loss of use or data, interruption of business and the like), even if ASUS has been advised of the possibility of such damages arising from any defect or error in this manual or product.

  • Page 3: Federal Communications Commission Statement

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Federal Communications Commission Statement This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: • This device may not cause harmful interference, and • This device must accept any interference received including interference that may cause undesired operation.

  • Page 4: Asus Contact Information

    Support Fax: +1-502-933-8713 General Support: +1-502-995-0883 Notebook Support: +1-510-739-3777 x5110 Support Email: tsd@asus.com ASUS COMPUTER GmbH (Germany and Austria) Address: Harkort Str. 25, D-40880 Ratingen, BRD, Germany General Fax: +49-2102-9599-31 General Email: sales@asuscom.de (for marketing requests only) Technical Support Support Hotlines:...

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Table of Contents Introduction................11 L2 managed features ............. 11 Conventions used in this document ....... 12 1.2.1 Notations............12 1.2.2 Typography............. 12 1.2.3 Symbols ............12 Getting to know the GigaX 2024X........... 13 Package contents............

  • Page 6

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide System Pages ..............30 4.3.1 Management ...........30 4.3.2 IP Setup ............32 4.3.3 Administration ..........34 4.3.4 Reboot.............35 4.3.5 Firmware Upgrade ..........35 Physical Interface ............37 Bridge ................39 4.5.1 Spanning Tree ..........39 4.5.2 Link Aggregation ..........40 4.5.3 Mirroring ............42 Static Multicast ...............44 4.5.4...

  • Page 7

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 4.8.2 Error Group............. 68 4.8.3 Historical Status..........69 Save Configuration............71 Console Interface ..............72 Power On Self Test ............73 5.1.1 Boot ROM Command Mode ......74 5.1.2 Boot ROM Commands........75 Login and Logout ............

  • Page 8

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide List of Figures Figure 1. GigaX L2 managed switch package contents ....13 Figure 2. Front panel ..............14 Figure 3. Rear panel ..............16 Figure 4. Overview of Hardware Connections.......19 Figure 5. Login and IP setup Screen ..........21 Figure 6.

  • Page 9

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 26. Tagged VLAN..............51 Figure 27. Default Port VLAN and CoS........... 52 Figure 28. Cos Queue Mapping ............54 Figure 29. Community Table ............55 Figure 30. Host Table..............56 Figure 31. Trap Setting..............

  • Page 10

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide List of Tables Table 1. Front panel labels and LEDs ..........15 Table 2. Technical specifications ..........16 Table 3. LED Indicators..............20 Table 4. Port color description............27 Table 5. Commonly used buttons and icons ........29 Table 6.

  • Page 11: Introduction

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Introduction Congratulations on becoming the owner of the ASUS GigaX L2 managed switch! You may now manage your LAN (local area network) through a friendly and powerful user interface. This user guide tells you how to set up the GigaX L2 managed switch, and how to customize its configuration to get the most out of this product.

  • Page 12: Conventions Used In This Document

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide • LEDs for port link status • LEDs system, redundant power supply (RPS), and fan status Conventions used in this document 1.2.1 Notations • Acronyms are defined the first time they appear in text and in the glossary. •...

  • Page 13: Getting To Know The Gigax 2024x

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Getting to know the GigaX 2024X Package contents The GigaX 2024X switch package comes with the following items: • GigaX 2024X ( 26-port) L2 managed switch • AC Power cord • Null modem cable for console interface (DB9) •...

  • Page 14: Front Panel

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Front Panel The front panel includes LED indicators that show the system, RPS, fan, and port status. Figure 2. Front panel...

  • Page 15: Table 1. Front Panel Labels And Leds

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Table 1. Front panel labels and LEDs Label Color Status Description SYSTEM Green Unit is powered on Flashing Self-test, INIT, or downloading Amber Abnormal temperature or voltage No power Green The PSU is working properly and the switch has a good redundant power supply Amber The PSU is abnormal and the switch is...

  • Page 16: Rear Panel

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Rear Panel The switch rear panel contains the ports for the data and power connections. Figure 3. Rear panel Label Description Power Connector Connects to the supplied power cord Redundant Power Supply connector FAN1 –...

  • Page 17: Quick Start Guide

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Quick start guide This section provides the basic instructions to set up the GigaX environment. Refer also to the GigaX Series Installation Guide. Part 1 shows you how to install the GigaX on a flat surface or on a rack. Part 2 provides instructions to set up the hardware.

  • Page 18: Part 2 - Setting Up The Switch

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Part 2 — Setting up the switch Connect the device to the power outlet, and your computer or network. See Figure 4. 3.2.1 Connect the console port For console management, use an RS232 (DB9) or a USB cable to connect the switch.

  • Page 19: Figure 4. Overview Of Hardware Connections

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Console Management RS-232 Cat 5 Ethernet cables Expansion hub/switch LAN computers Figure 4. Overview of Hardware Connections...

  • Page 20: Part 3 - Basic Switch Setting For Management

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Table 3. LED Indicators Description System Solid green indicates that the device is turned on. If this light is off, check if the power adapter if attached to the switch and plugged into a power source. Switch ports Solid green indicates that the device can communicate with the LAN, or flashing when...

  • Page 21: Figure 5. Login And Ip Setup Screen

    Set the data format to no parity, 8 data bits and 1 stop bit No flow control Set VT1000 for emulation mode 4. After setting up the terminal, you can see the prompt “(ASUS)%” on the terminal. 5. Type “login” to access the command line interface. The default user name is “admin”.

  • Page 22: Setting Up Through The Web Interface

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 3.3.2 Setting up through the Web interface To successfully connect your PC to the switch, your PC must a valid IP in your network. Contact your network administrator to obtain a valid IP for the switch. If you wish to change the default IP address of the switch, follow section 3.3.1 to change the IP address.

  • Page 23

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Default User Name: admin Default Password: (no password) You can change the password at any time (see section 5.3.1 System Commands). 3. To setup a new IP address, click “System”, then “IP Setup” (see Figure 8).

  • Page 24: Figure 7. Ip Setup

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 7. IP Setup...

  • Page 25: Management With The Web Interface

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Management with the Web Interface The switch provides Web pages that allow switch management through the Internet. The program is designed to work best with Microsoft Internet Explorer® 5.5, or later versions. NOTE: Netscape is not supported. Log into Web user interface 1.

  • Page 26: Figure 9. Home Page

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Use the following defaults the first time you log into the program. You can change the password at any time through CLI interface (see section 5.3.1 ) Default User Name: admin Default Password: <no password>...

  • Page 27: Functional Layout

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Functional layout Typical web page consists of three separate frames. The top frame has a switch logo and front panel as shown in Figures This frame remains on the top of the browser window all the times and updates the LED status periodically.

  • Page 28: Figure 11. Expanded Menu List

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 11. Expanded Menu List The right frame displays configuration pages or graphics for the statistics. See section 4.3 for details.

  • Page 29: Menu Navigation Tips

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 4.2.1 Menu navigation tips • To expand a group of related menus, click on the corresponding group name. The sign will change to after expansion. • To contract a group of related menus: click on the corresponding group name.

  • Page 30: System

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide System Pages System pages include management, IP setup, administration, reboot, and firmware update function. 4.3.1 Management The Management page contains the following information: Model Name: product name MAC Address: switch MAC address System Name: user assigned name to identify the system (editable) System Contact (editable) System Location (editable) To save any changes and make it effective immediately, click...

  • Page 31: Figure 12. Management

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 12. Management...

  • Page 32: Ip Setup

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 4.3.2 IP Setup The switch supports dynamic IP and static IP assignment. The dynamic IP is get from a DHCP server within the same VLAN. The IP Setup page contains the following editable information: VLAN ID: Specify a VLAN ID to system management interface.

  • Page 33: Figure 13. Ip Setup

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 13. IP Setup...

  • Page 34: Administration

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 4.3.3 Administration The Administration page allows you enable or disable the authentication for web user by password protection. The default setting for web access does not require any authentication. To save any changes and make it effective immediately, click .

  • Page 35: Reboot

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 4.3.4 Reboot The Reboot page contains a button. Clicking the button reboots the system. Rebooting the system stops the network traffic and terminates the Web interface connection. Figure 15. Reboot 4.3.5 Firmware Upgrade The Firmware page contains the following information: Hardware Version: shows the hardware revision number.

  • Page 36: Figure 16. Firmware Upgrade

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Enter the firmware location into the firmware space directly, or click to choose the file name of the firmware from prompt window. Click to update the switch firmware. See Figure 16 for reference. Clicking the upload button loads the assigned firmware to the switch, then reboot system after a successful firmware update.

  • Page 37: Physical Interface

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Physical Interface The Physical Interface displays the Ethernet port status in real time. You can configure the port in following fields: Port: select the port to configure Admin: disable/enable the port Mode: set the speed and duplex mode Flow Control: enable/disable 802.3x flow control mechanism Port Status Window: displays the following information for each port Link status: the link speed and duplex for an existing link,...

  • Page 38: Figure 17. Physical Interface

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 17. Physical Interface...

  • Page 39: Bridge

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Bridge The Bridge page group contains most layer 2 configurations, like link aggregation, STP etc.. 4.5.1 Spanning Tree The configuration page for Spanning Tree Protocol can disable and enable the feature in runtime. This page consists of three parts. The first part shows the root information.

  • Page 40: Link Aggregation

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Edge Port: All ports are set to be edge ports by default. Edge port becomes STP port when BPDU is received. Also, it takes very short time for an edge port to be in forwarding state. Point to Point: Auto/Yes/No.

  • Page 41: Figure

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Name: the group name. Trunk ID: a number to identify the trunk group besides the group name. LACP: Enable/Disable LCAP on selected trunk. LACP mode is fixed to be Active. Remove Trunk: Remove the selected trunk. Port Icons: these port icons are listed in a way like the front panel.

  • Page 42: Mirroring

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide group consists of port 1 and 2. If the VLAN of port 1 changes, the VLAN of port 2 also changes with port 1. Figure 19. Link aggregation 4.5.3 Mirroring Mirroring, together with a network traffic analyzer, helps you monitor network traffics.

  • Page 43: Figure 20. Mirroring Page

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Monitor Port: Receives the copies of all the traffics in the selected mirrored ports. The monitor port can not belong to any link aggregation group. The monitor port can not operate as a normal switch port. It does not switch packets or do address learning.

  • Page 44: Static Multicast

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Static Multicast This page can add multicast addresses into the multicast table. The switch can hold up to 256 multicast entries. All the ports in the group will forward the specified multicast packets to other ports in the group. Show Group: selects “Add a new Group”...

  • Page 45: Igmp Snooping

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 4.5.4 IGMP Snooping IGMP snooping helps to reduce the multicast traffics on the network by allowing the IGMP snooping function to be turned on or off. When turned on, the switch snoops the IGMP packets and puts the new group into the multicast table.

  • Page 46: Dynamic Addresses

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 23. Traffic Control 4.5.6 Dynamic Addresses This page displays the result of dynamic MAC address lookup by port, VLAN ID, or specified MAC address. The dynamic address is the MAC address learned by switch, it will age out from the address table if the address is not learned again during the age time.

  • Page 47: Figure 24. Dynamic Address

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 24. Dynamic Address...

  • Page 48: Static Addresses

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 4.5.7 Static Addresses You can add a MAC address into the switch address table. The MAC address added by this way will not age out from the address table. We call it static address.

  • Page 49: Tagged Vlan

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 25. Static Address 4.5.8 Tagged VLAN You can set up to 256 VLAN groups and show VLAN group in this page. There is a default VLAN created by the switch. It cannot be removed at all. This feature prevents the switch from malfunctions.

  • Page 50

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide If one untagged port belongs to two or more VLAN groups at the same time, it will confuse the switch and cause flooding traffics. To prevent it, the switch only allows one untagged port belongs to one VLAN at the same time. That is, the untagged port belongs to the VLAN group which is called “PVID”...

  • Page 51: Figure 26. Tagged Vlan

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 26. Tagged VLAN...

  • Page 52: Default Port Vlan And Cos

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 4.5.9 Default Port VLAN and CoS Some VLAN tag related field settings for each port are included in this page. It includes: Port: select the port to configure PVID: port-based VLAN ID. Every untagged packet received from this port will be tagged with this VLAN group ID CoS (Class of Service) value: every untagged packet received from this port will be assigned to this CoS in the VLAN tagged.

  • Page 53: 4.5.10 Cos Queue Mapping

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 4.5.10 CoS Queue Mapping The switch supports 4 egress queues for each port. For each queue, you can specify the scheduling types as follows: • Strict priority scheduling: each CoS value can map into one of the four queues.

  • Page 54: Figure 28. Cos Queue Mapping

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 28. Cos Queue Mapping...

  • Page 55: Snmp

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide SNMP This group offers the SNMP configuration including Community Table, Host Table, and Trap Setting. To provide more secure management and access control, SNMPv3 is supported. 4.6.1 Community Table You can type different community names and specify whether the community has the privilege to make a setting (write access) by checking the box.

  • Page 56: Host Table

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 4.6.2 Host Table This page links host IP address to the community name that is entered in Community Table page. Type an IP address and select the community name from the drop-down list. Click to save the configuration permanently or to refresh the page.

  • Page 57: Trap Setting

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 4.6.3 Trap Setting By setting trap destination IP addresses and community names, you can enable SNMP trap function to send trap packets in different versions(v1 or v2c). Click to save the configuration permanently or refresh the page.

  • Page 58

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Write View Name: enter the Write View Name that the Group belongs. The related SNMP message is Set. Notify View Name: enter the Notify View Name that the Group belongs. The related SNMP messages are Trap,Report.. Security Model: enter the Security Model Name that the Group belongs.

  • Page 59: Vacm View

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 32. VACM Group 4.6.5 VACM View VACM (View-based Access Control Model) View is used to view the information of SNMPV3 VACM Group. View Name: enter the security group name. View Type: select the View Type that the View belongs. Included or Excluded when View Subtree matches the Oid in the SNMPv3 message.

  • Page 60: Usm User

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Click on the when you create a new VACM View entry by the above information. Then you will see the new added entry shows in the view window. You can remove the existed views by selecting the entry with the mouse, then clicking on .

  • Page 61

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Name: enter Name combined with Engine ID that should match the Name and Engine ID in the Manager. Auth Protocol: enter the Auth Protocol that Engine ID and Name belong. Only NoAuth ,MD5, SHA1 can be chosen. If the NoAuth is chosen, there is no need to enter password.

  • Page 62: Figure 34. Usm User

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 34. USM User...

  • Page 63: Security

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Security The switch has the 802.1x port-based security feature. Only authorized hosts are allowed to access the switch port. Traffic is blocked for hosts failed to authenticate themselves. The authentication service is provided by a RADIUS server or the local database in the switch.

  • Page 64: Figure 35. Port Access Control

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide • Multi-host: If enabled, all hosts connected to the selected port are allowed to use the port if one of the hosts passed the authentication. If disabled, only one host among other hosts passed the authentication is allowed to use the port.

  • Page 65: Dial-in User

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 4.7.2 Dial-In User Dial-in User is used to define users in the local database of the switch. • User Name: New user name. • Password: Password for the new user. • Confirm Password: Enter the password again. •...

  • Page 66: Radius

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 4.7.3 RADIUS In order to use external RADIUS server, the following parameters are required to be setup: • Authentication Server IP: The IP address of the RADIUS server. • Authentication Server Port: The port number for the RADIUS server is listening to.

  • Page 67: Statistics Chart

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Statistics Chart The Statistics Chart pages provide network flow in different charts. You can specify the period time to refresh the chart. You can monitor the network traffic amount in different graphic chart by these pages. Most MIB-II counters are displayed in these charts.

  • Page 68: Error Group

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 38. Traffic comparison 4.8.2 Error Group Select the Port and display Color, then click the Draw, the statistics window shows you all the discards or error counts for the specified port. The data is updated periodically.

  • Page 69: Historical Status

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 39. Error group 4.8.3 Historical Status You can display information for different ports and statistics items in this chart. Since this shows the history of the statistics information, the chart can keep the old data even it is refreshed.

  • Page 70: Figure 40. Historical Status

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 40. Historical Status...

  • Page 71: Save Configuration

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Save Configuration To save configuration permanently, you should click . The setting also takes effective after a successful save. Sometimes you may want to reset the switch configuration, you can click on to reset the configuration file to factory default. Of course, a system reboot will follow this restoration process.

  • Page 72: Console Interface

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Console Interface This chapter describes how to use console interface to configure the switch. The switch provides RS232 and USB connectors to connect your PC. Use a terminal emulator on your PC such as HyperTerminal and command line interpreter to configure the switch.

  • Page 73: Power On Self Test

    POST is executing during the system booting time. It tests system memory, LED and hardware chips on the switchboard. It displays system information as the result of system test and initialization. You can ignore the information until the prompt, “(ASUS) %”, appears (see Figure 43). Figure 42. CLI interface...

  • Page 74: Boot Rom Command Mode

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 5.1.1 Boot ROM Command Mode During the POST process, you can enter a “Boot ROM Command” mode by pressing <ENTER> key as shown in Figure 43. Figure 43 shows dual images in the switch. Enter the “?”...

  • Page 75: Boot Rom Commands

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 5.1.2 Boot ROM Commands Type “?” in the boot mode to display the valid commands list. Table 6. Boot ROM commands Command Parameters Usage Notes IP address Configure TFTP client IP address NONE Load and execute firmware NONE Display online help...

  • Page 76: Login And Logout

    For security reason, please change the user name and password after login. Once you forget the use name and password, you may contact ASUS support team or erase the whole configuration file in the Boot ROM Command mode. If you take the second choice, the whole system configuration is lost at the same time.

  • Page 77

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide If you put a name in the name description field, the switch system name will be changed into the new one. [System Contact] Displays the detail information of contact about the switch. This is an RFC-1213 defined MIB object in System Group, and provides contact information on the managed node.

  • Page 78: Figure 44. Sys Commands

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Figure 44. SYS commands [VLAN ID] Display the VLAN ID for the switch. It is necessary to be within the same VLAN for management . CLI command: net interface vlan sw0 <VLAN ID> [DHCP Client] Enable DHCP to get a dynamic IP address, or disable DHCP to specify a...

  • Page 79

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide [Network Mask] Displays the subnet mask for the switch. CLI command: net interface ip sw0 < IP address> <netmask> [Default Gateway] Displays the IP address of the default gateway. This field is necessary if the switch network contains one or more routers.

  • Page 80: Physical Interface Commands

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 5.3.2 Physical Interface Commands [Admin] [Enable/Disable] Displays the port admin status and allows user to turn the port on or off. CLI command : l2 port admin <port number> <enable/disable> [Mode] [Auto/10M-Half/10M-Full/100M-Half/100M-Full/1G-Full] Displays the current speed and duplex mode of the port. The speed and duplex mode can be automatically detected when auto-negotiation is enabled on a port.

  • Page 81

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide [Hello Time] [Forward Delay] [Max Age] [Bridge Priority] Displays the current STP/RSTP bridge parameters setting. CLI command : l2 stp bridge set Hello Time (1..10 seconds):[old Hello Time] <new Hello Time> Max Age (6..40 seconds):[ old Max Age] <new Max Age> Forward Delay (4..30 seconds):[ old Forward Delay] <new Forward Delay>...

  • Page 82

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide CLI command : l2 stp port retrieve [Show Trunk] Displays a specific trunk group settings. User can create a new trunk group by specify a unique trunk ID, a trunk name description, the port selection criterion (rtag), LACP mode (enabled or disable), and its trunk group member ports.

  • Page 83

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide CLI command : l2 port lacppri <priority> <port list / * for all ports> [Reload] Restores the previous saved settings of trunk from configuration file. CLI command : l2 trunk retrieve [Mirror Mode] [Enable/Disable] [Monitor Port] [port number] Displays the mirroring settings of the switch.

  • Page 84

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide vlan id [1 by default]: <vlan id> port list [format: 1 2 3 4- 26/* for all ports]: <port list> [Remove Multicast Group] Allows user to delete a static multicast group entry from multicast group table by given a MAC address and VLAN ID.

  • Page 85

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide CLI command : l2 rate set <enable/disable> [<mode (1:broadcast only, 2:broadcast and multicast, 3:broadcast, multicast and unknown unicast )> <limit rate (70~250000 Kbps/sec)>] [Reload] Restores the previous saved settings from configuration file. CLI command : l2 rate retrieve [Aging Time] User can set the ARL (Address Resolution Logic) entries aging time by setting the aging time value.

  • Page 86

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide [MAC Address] [VLAN ID] [Port Selection] User can add or modify a static ARL entry by specifying a MAC address, VLAN ID, port number, and trunk ID. CLI command : l2 arl static <mac> <vlan id> <port no> <trunk id> [Remove] Static ARL entries can be deleted by indicating the MAC address and its VLAN ID.

  • Page 87

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide CLI command : l2 vlan create <vlan id> <vlan name> <port list> CLI command : l2 vlan add <vlan id> <port list> CLI command : l2 vlan remove <vlan id> <port list> CLI command : l2 vlan utportadd <vlan id> <untagged port list> [Remove VLAN] Allows user to completely destroy an existing VLAN.

  • Page 88: Snmp

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide CLI command : l2 port retrieve [CoS] [Map] Allows user to map the CoS priority (with range of 0-7) for a buffer queue (total of 4, with queue ID of 1-4). CLI command : l2 cos map <queue id (1-4)> <cos (0-7)> [Scheduling Algorithm] [Strict/WRR] Allows user to set scheduling with strict priority based or weight priority based.

  • Page 89

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide This action will modify all hosts with community string from 'old community' to 'new community'. Are you sure? (y/n):[y] <y for ‘yes’; n for ‘no’> Get privileges: [y, always turn on by default] Set privileges? (y/n):[n] <set privilege, y for ‘yes’;...

  • Page 90

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Host IP/Subnet (old IP address): <new IP address> Netmask (old netmask): <new netmask> Community (old community string): <new community string> Allows user to delete a host entry from host table. CLI command : snmp host delete Entry id (table index): <entry id to delete>...

  • Page 91

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Community (old community string): <new community string> Allows user to delete a trap entry from trap table. CLI command : snmp trap delete Trap table entry (table index): <entry id to delete> [Reload] Restores the previous saved settings from configuration file.

  • Page 92

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Notify View Name: <notify view name string> User can modify a VACM entry in the Group by reassigning its allowed group name, read view name, write view name, notify view name, security model, security level and context match.

  • Page 93

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide [View Name] [View Type] [View Subtree] [View Mask] VACM (View-based Access Control Model) View is used to view the information of SNMPV3 VACM Group. A VACM View entry contains a view name, view type, view subtree and view mask. CLI command : snmp snmpv3 view add View Name: <view name string>...

  • Page 94

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide [Engine Id] [Name] [Auth Protocol] [Auth Password] [Priv Protocol] [Priv Password] USM(User-based Security Model) User is used to configure the information of SNMPV3 USM User. A USM User entry contains a engine Id, name, auth protocol, auth password, priv protocol and priv password.

  • Page 95: Security Commands

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide AuthPassword: (old auth password string) < new auth password string> Priv Protocol [oid]: (old priv protocol oid string) < new priv protocol oid string > Priv Password: (old priv password string) < new priv password string > Allows user to delete a USM User entry.

  • Page 96

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide CLI command : security dot1x bridge quietperiod <quiet period (1-65535 sec)> [Retransmission Time] Allows user to set up the retransmission time. CLI command : security dot1x bridge retxtime <retransmission time (1-65535 sec)> [Max Reauthentication Attempts] Allows user to set up the max number of the reauthentication attemps.

  • Page 97

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide [User Name] [Password] [Confirm Password] [Dynamic VLAN] Create users in the local database of the switch for 802.1x authentication. A user entry contains a user name, password and dynamic VLAN. CLI command : security dialinuser create User Name: <user name string>...

  • Page 98

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide [Authentication Server Port] [Authentication Server Key] [Confirm Authentication Key] Allows user to config the RADIUS server IP, server port and server key . CLI command : security radius set authentication server ip <ip/none>: (old server ip)<new server ip > authentication server port <port/default>: (old server port)<new server port>...

  • Page 99

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide [Show Generating Status] Show the SSH key generating status. It will display “success” or “SSH keys generated fail” or “system is generating keys ...”. CLI command : security sshkey show...

  • Page 100: Miscellaneous Commands

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 5.4 Miscellaneous Commands sys time uptime: shows the time since the system boot up. sys time date: shows the current date and time sys time settime: sets the current time sys files config backup: backup configuration files sys files config default: restore factory default configuration files sys monitor auto: enable or disable fan auto detection sys monitor set: Set fan speed command (1~255)

  • Page 101: Ip Addresses, Network Masks, And Subnets

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide IP Addresses, Network Masks, and Subnets IP Addresses This section pertains only to IP addresses for IPv4 (version 4 of the Internet Protocol). IPv6 addresses are not covered. This section assumes basic knowledge of binary numbers, bits, and bytes.

  • Page 102: Table 7. Ip Address Structure

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Table 7. IP address structure Field1 Field2 Field3 Field4 Class A Network ID Host ID Class B Network ID Host ID Class C Network ID Host ID Following are examples of valid IP addresses: Class A: 10.30.6.125 (network = 10, host = 30.6.125) Class B: 129.88.16.49 (network = 129.88, host = 16.49) Class C: 192.60.201.11 (network = 192.60.201, host = 11)

  • Page 103: Network Classes

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide 6.1.2 Network classes The three commonly used network classes are A, B, and C. (There is also a class D but it has a special use beyond the scope of this discussion.) These classes have different uses and characteristics.

  • Page 104: Subnet Masks

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Subnet masks A mask looks like a regular IP address, but contains a pattern of bits that tells what parts of an IP address are the network ID and what parts are the host ID: bits set to 1 mean "this bit is part of the network ID"...

  • Page 105

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide The two extra bits in Field 4 can have four values (00, 01, 10, 11), so there are four subnets. Each subnet uses the remaining six bits in field4 for its host IDs, ranging from 0 to 63.

  • Page 106: Troubleshooting

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Troubleshooting This section gives instructions for using several IP utilities to diagnose problems. A list of possible problems with suggestion actions is also provided. All the known bugs are listed in the release note. Read the release note before you set up the switch.

  • Page 107: Figure 45. Using The Ping Utility

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Figure 45. Using the ping utility If the target computer cannot be located, you will receive the message “Request timed out.” Using the ping command, you can test whether the path to the switch is working (using the pre-configured default LAN IP address 192.168.1.1) or another address you assigned.

  • Page 108: Nslookup

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide 7.1.2 nslookup You can use the nslookup command to determine the IP address associated with an Internet site name. You specify the common name, and the nslookup command looks up the name on your DNS server (usually located with your ISP).

  • Page 109: Replacing Defective Fans

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Replacing defective fans Turn off the power of the switch when you remove the fan module on the rear side of the switch. When any one of the switch fans (located on the rear panel) becomes defective, you can easily replace it following these steps.

  • Page 110: Figure 49. Detaching The Fan From The Module

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Carefully pull the two power cables from the fan connectors. 4. Loosens the screws that secure the fan to the module. Remove the defective fan. Figure 49. Detaching the fan from the module 5.

  • Page 111: Simple Fixes

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Simple fixes The following table lists some common problems that you may encounter when installing or using the switch, and the suggested actions to solve the problems. Table 8. Troubleshooting Problem Suggested Action LEDs SYSTEM LED does Verify if the power cord is securely connected to the switch and a...

  • Page 112

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Problem Suggested Action Web Configuration Interface You forgot/lost your 1. If you have not changed the password from the default, try using WEB Configuration “admin” as the user ID and bypassing password. Interface user ID or 2.

  • Page 113: Glossary

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide Glossary 10BASE-T A designation for the type of wiring used by Ethernet networks with a data rate of 10 Mbps. Also known as Category 3 (CAT 3) wiring. See also data rate, Ethernet. 100BASE-T A designation for the type of wiring used by Ethernet networks with a data rate of 100 Mbps.

  • Page 114

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide broadcast To send data to all computers on a network. Ethernet The most commonly installed computer network technology, usually using twisted pair wiring. Ethernet data rates are 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps. See also 10BASE-T, 100BASE-T, twisted pair. File Transfer Protocol A program used to transfer files between computers connected to the Internet.

  • Page 115

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide mask See network mask. Multicast To send data to a group of network devices. Mbps Abbreviation for Megabits per second, or one million bits per second. Network data rates are often expressed in Mbps. Monitor Also called “Roving Analysis”, allow you to attach a network analyzer to one port and use it to monitor the traffics of other...

  • Page 116

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide ping Packet Internet (or Inter-Network) Groper A program used to verify whether the host associated with an IP address is online. It can also be used to reveal the IP address for a given domain name. port A physical access point to a device such as a computer or router, through which data flows into and out of the device.

  • Page 117

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol The TCP/IP protocol used for network management. Spanning Tree Protocol The bridge protocol to avoid packet looping in a complicate network. subnet A subnet is a portion of a network. The subnet is distinguished from the larger network by a subnet mask which selects some of the computers of the network and excludes all others.

  • Page 118

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User’s Guide Telnet/SSH An interactive, character-based program used to access a remote computer. While HTTP (the web protocol) and FTP only allow you to download files from a remote computer, Telnet / SSH allows you to log into and use a computer from a remote location.

  • Page 119

    GigaX Series L2 Managed Switch User Guide upstream The direction of data transmission from the user to the Internet. VLAN Virtual Local Area Network Wide Area Network Any network spread over a large geographical area, such as a country or continent. With respect to the SL-1000, WAN refers to the Internet.

This manual also for:

Gigax 2024x

Comments to this Manuals

Symbols: 0
Latest comments: