# Example 2 - Entrance From A Lake Into An Open Channel - HP F2226A - 48GII Graphic Calculator User Manual

Graphing calculator.

## Example 2 - Entrance from a lake into an open channel

This particular problem in open channel flow requires the simultaneous
solution of two equations, the equation of energy:
Q
Manning's equation:
represents the energy head (m, or ft) available for a flow at the entrance to a
channel, y is the flow depth (m or ft), V = Q/A is the flow velocity (m/s or
ft/s), Q is the volumetric discharge (m
2
2
area (m
or ft
), C
is a coefficient that depends on the system of units (C
u
1.0 for the SI, C
= 1.486 for the English system of units), n is the Manning's
u
coefficient, a measure of the channel surface roughness (e.g., for concrete, n
= 0.012), P is the wetted perimeter of the cross section (m or ft), S
slope of the channel bed expressed as a decimal fraction. For a trapezoidal
channel, as shown below, the area is given by
wetted perimeter is given by
width (m or ft), and m is the side slope (1V:mH) of the cross section.
Typically, one has to solve the equations of energy and Manning's
simultaneously for y and Q. Once these equations are written in terms of the
primitive variables b, m, y, g, S
of equations of the form f
equations as follows.
We assume that we will be using the ALG and Exact modes in the calculator,
although defining the equations and solving them with MSLV is very similar in
the RPN mode. Create a sub-directory, say CHANL (for open CHANneL),
and within that sub-directory define the following variables:
5
3 /
Cu
A
S
. In these equations, H
o
2
3 /
n
P
3
3
/s or ft
/s), A is the cross-sectional
A
P
=
b
+
2
y
1
+
m
, n, Cu, Q, and H
o
(y,Q) = 0, f
(y,Q) = 0. We can build these two
1
2
2
V
H
=
y
+
, and
o
2
g
o
is the
o
=
( +
b
my
)
y
, while the
2
, where b is the bottom
, we are left with a system
o
Page 7-6
=
u