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TP-Link TL-R480T+ User Manual

Dual-wan smb broadband router
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TL-R480T+
Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router
Rev: 1.1.2
1910010057

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  Summary of Contents for TP-Link TL-R480T+

  • Page 1 TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router Rev: 1.1.2 1910010057...
  • Page 2 COPYRIGHT & TRADEMARKS Specifications are subject to change without notice. is a registered trademark of TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Other brands and product names are trademarks or reg- istered trademarks of their respective holders. No part of the specifications may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative such as translation, transformation, or adaptation without permission from TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
  • Page 3: Fcc Statement

    FCC STATEMENT This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
  • Page 4: Package Contents

    Make sure that the package contains the above items. If any of the listed items are damaged or missing, please contact with your distributor. Conventions The router or TL-R480T+ mentioned in this guide stands for TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broad- band Router without any explanation.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Chapter 1. Introduction ... 1 Overview of the Router ... 1 Features... 1 Conventions... 2 Chapter 2. Hardware installation ... 3 Panel Layout... 3 2.1.1 The Front Panel...3 2.1.2 The Rear Panel ...4 System Requirements ... 4 Installation Environment Requirements ... 4 Connecting the Router...
  • Page 6 4.6.5 Screen ...48 Static Routing ... 51 Session Limit ... 53 4.8.1 Session Limit ...53 4.8.2 Session List ...54 QoS... 54 4.9.1 QoS Settings ...54 4.9.2 QoS Rules List ...55 4.10 IP & MAC Binding ... 56 4.10.1 Binding Setting ...56 4.10.2 ARP List...58 4.11 Dynamic DNS ...
  • Page 7: Chapter 1. Introduction

    ISPs. The router features fully automatically load balance policy, no need for any manually work, it works with backup and load balancing functions. The connection will furbish when one line is broken down, while the streaming will part automatically.
  • Page 8: Conventions

    Supports Remote and Web management 1.3 Conventions Parameters provided in the pictures are just references for setting up the product, which may differ from the actual situation. You can set the parameters according to your demand. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide...
  • Page 9: Chapter 2. Hardware Installation

    Note: Ensure the router is powered on before it restarts completely. WAN: Two RJ45 port for connecting the router to a cable, DSL modem or Ethernet Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 2-1...
  • Page 10: The Rear Panel

    Before you install the router, you should connect your PC to the Internet through your broadband service successfully. If there is any problem, please contact with your ISP for help. After that, please install the router according to the following steps. Don't forget to pull out the power plug and keep your hands dry.
  • Page 11 Connect the DSL/Cable modem to the WAN port on the router, shown in figure 2-3. Connect the AC power adapter to the AC power socket on the router, and the other end into an electrical outlet. The router will start to work automatically.
  • Page 12: Chapter 3. Quick Installation Guide

    After connecting the TL-R480T+ router into your network, you should configure it. This chapter describes how to configure the basic functions of your TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router. These procedures only take you a few minutes. You can access the Internet via the router immediately after it has been successfully configured.
  • Page 13 TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 3-2 Step 3: In the next screen, select General tab, highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), and then click the Properties button. Figure 3-3...
  • Page 14 “Obtain DNS server address automatically” in the screen above. For Windows 98 OS or earlier, the PC and router may need to be restarted. Now, you can run the Ping command in the command prompt to verify the network connection.
  • Page 15: Login

    The LEDs of LAN port which you link to the device and the LEDs on your PC's adapter should be lit. Is the TCP/IP configuration for your PC correct? If the Router's IP address is 192.168.1.1, your PC's IP address must be within the range of 192.168.1.2 ~ 192.168.1.254, the gateway must be 192.168.1.1.
  • Page 16 Step 1: Select the Quick Setup tab on the left of the main menu and the “Quick Setup” screen will appear. Click the Next button. Step 2: Select the connection type to connect to the ISP and then click the Next button. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 3-7 Figure 3-8...
  • Page 17 Username and Password provided by your ISP. These fields are case sensitive. If you have difficulty with this process, please contact your ISP. Step 4: If you choose Dynamic IP in Figure 3-9, the router will automatically receive the IP pa- rameters from your ISP without needing to enter any parameters.
  • Page 18: Chapter 4. Configuring The Router

    Web-based Utility. After your successful login, you can configure and manage the router. There are main menus on the left of the Web-based Utility. Submenus will be available after you click one of the main menus.
  • Page 19 LAN - This field displays the current information for the LAN, including the “MAC address”, “IP address” and “Subnet Mask”. WAN 1~2 - This field displays the parameters applied to the WAN ports of the router, in- cluding “MAC address”, “IP address”, “Subnet Mask”, “Default Gateway” and so on.
  • Page 20: Quick Setup

    Traffic Statistics: This field displays the traffic statistics of WAN ports. System Up Time: This field displays the time of the router running from the time it is powered on or is reset.
  • Page 21: Wan

    Choose menu “Network→WAN”, you can configure the IP parameters of the WAN on the screen below. The Router provides six connection types for WAN to connect to the Internet, they are “Dynamic IP”, “Static IP” , “PPPoE”, ”BigPondCable” , “L2TP” and “PPTP” For configuring the WAN, you should select the connection type firstly according your needs.
  • Page 22 If you get ‘Address not found' errors when you go to a Web site, it is likely that your DNS servers are set up improperly. You should contact your ISP to get correct DNS server. Get IP with Unicast DHCP: A few ISPs' DHCP servers do not support the broadcast appli- Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-4...
  • Page 23 ISP connec- tion. Primary DNS - Type the DNS address in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP (Op- tional). Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-5...
  • Page 24 User Name/Password - Enter the User Name and Password provided by your ISP. These fields are case-sensitive. Connect on Demand - You can configure the router to disconnect your Internet connection after a specified period of inactivity (Max Idle Time). If your Internet connection has been terminated due to inactivity, Connect on Demand enables the router to automatically re-establish your connection as soon as you attempt to access the Internet again.
  • Page 25 Only you have set the system time on System Tools→Time screen, will the Time-based Con- necting function take effect. Connect Manually - You can configure the router to make it connect or disconnect manually. After a specified period of inactivity (Max Idle Time), the router will disconnect your Internet connection, and not be able to re-establish your connection automatically even though you attempt to access the Internet again.
  • Page 26 ISP Specified IP Address - If you know that your ISP does not automatically transmit your IP address to the router during login, select Use IP Address specified by ISP and enter the IP address in dotted-decimal notation, which your ISP provided.
  • Page 27 ISP connection. Connect on Demand - You can configure the router to disconnect your Internet connection after a specified period of the Internet connectivity (Max Idle Time). If your Internet connec-...
  • Page 28 Connect Automatically - Connect automatically after the router is disconnected. To use this option, click the radio button. Connect Manually - You can configure the router to make it connect or disconnect manually. After a specified period of inactivity (Max Idle Time), the router will disconnect your Internet connection, and not be able to re-establish your connection automatically as soon as you attempt to access the Internet again.
  • Page 29 User Name/Password - Enter the User Name and Password provided by your ISP. These fields are case-sensitive. Connect on Demand - You can configure the router to disconnect your Internet connection after a specified period of the Internet connectivity (Max Idle Time). If your Internet connec-...
  • Page 30 Connect Automatically - Connect automatically after the router is disconnected. To use this option, click the radio button. Connect Manually - You can configure the router to make it connect or disconnect manually. After a specified period of inactivity (Max Idle Time), the router will disconnect your Internet connection, and not be able to re-establish your connection automatically as soon as you attempt to access the Internet again.
  • Page 31 Internet connection ter- minates. Connect Automatically - Connect automatically after the router is disconnected. To use this option, click the radio button. Connect Manually - You can configure the router to make it connect or disconnect manually.
  • Page 32: Network Service Detection

    TL-R480T+ After a specified period of inactivity (Max Idle Time), the router will disconnect your Internet connection, and not be able to re-establish your connection automatically as soon as you attempt to access the Internet again. To use this option, click the radio button. If you want your Internet connection to remain active at all times, enter 0 in the Max Idle Time field.
  • Page 33: Mac Clone

    Your PC's MAC Address - This field displays the MAC address of the PC that is managing the router. If the MAC address is required, you can click the Clone MAC Address button and this MAC address will fill in the “WAN MAC Address” field.
  • Page 34 Step 1: Click Add New button shown in Figure 4-13, you will see a new screen shown in Figure 4-14. Step 2: Select the Rules select, protocol, Datagram Pass Policy and Transmit Path, enter IP address and Port like the next screen shows. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-13...
  • Page 35: Balance Policy

    TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-14 Click Save. To add additional rules, repeat steps 1-3. Other configurations for the entries as shown in Figure 4-20: Click the Delete button to delete the entry. Click the Enable All button to enable all the entries.
  • Page 36 During the time, if an entry has never been used, the entry will be deleted from the table. • Threshold for Faster-Session - During the time, if the Router receives a response from Internet, then the connection will be considered as a fast session. And the connection will be registered in the Faster-Session-Table.
  • Page 37: Wan Port Parameter

    Choose menu “Network→WAN Port Parameter”, you can view the information about the WAN ports in the next screen. WAN Index - This shows the Router's WAN ports. Port Status - This shows the ports' current status: Enabled or Disabled, the default status is Enabled.
  • Page 38: Dhcp

    Figure 4-18). The router is set up by default as a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server, which provides the TCP/IP configuration for all the PCs that are connected to the router on the LAN. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide...
  • Page 39: Dhcp Clients List

    Secondary DNS - Input the IP address of another DNS server if your ISP provides two DNS servers. (Optional) Note: To use the DHCP server function of the router, you must configure all computers on the LAN as "Obtain an IP Address automatically" mode. This function will take effect until the router reboots. 4.4.2 DHCP Clients List Choose menu “DHCP→DHCP Clients List”, you can view the information about the clients at-...
  • Page 40: Address Reservation

    Client Name - This field displays the name of the DHCP client MAC Address - This field displays the MAC address of the DHCP client Assigned IP - This field displays the IP address that the router has allocated to the DHCP client.
  • Page 41: Forwarding

    Note: If you want to add more than one reserved IP, please go to step 1 to continue. The function won't take effect until the router reboots. Other configurations for the entries as shown in Figure 4-20: Click the Delete button to delete the entry.
  • Page 42 IP Address - This field displays the IP address of the PC running the service application. Protocol - This field displays the protocol used for this application, either TCP, UDP, or All (all protocols supported by the router). Status - This field displays the status of the virtual server entry. Enabled means that the entry will take effect, Disabled means that the entry will not take effect.
  • Page 43: Port Triggering

    Some applications require multiple connections, like Internet games, video conferencing, Internet calling and so on. These applications cannot work with a pure NAT router. Port Triggering is used for some of these applications that can work with an NAT router.
  • Page 44 Step 1: A local host makes an outgoing connection using a destination port number defined in the Trigger Port field. Step 2: The router records this connection, opens the incoming port or ports associated with this entry in the Port Triggering table, and associates them with the local host.
  • Page 45: Dmz

    Any PC whose port is being forwarded must have its DHCP client function disabled and should have a new static IP address assigned to it because its IP address may change when using the DHCP function. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-26...
  • Page 46: Upnp

    UPnP service application on the LAN. Current UPnP Status - If you want to use the Router’s UPnP function, please click Enable button. If you don’t want use the function, please click Disable button. Allowing the function may cause a risk to security, this feature is disabled by default.
  • Page 47: Security

    TL-R480T+ Protocol - This displays the protocol for the application. Internal Port - This displays the Internal port, which the router opened for local host. IP Address - The UPnP device that is currently accessing the router. Status - This displays the status. Enabled means that the port is still active, Disabled means that the port is inactive.
  • Page 48: Ip Filtering

    Choose menu “Security→IP Address Filtering”, you can configure the IP Address filtering rule in the next screen (shown in Figure 4-31). The IP Address Filtering feature allows you to control Internet Access by specific users on your LAN based on their IP addresses. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-30...
  • Page 49 Protocol - This indicates which protocol is used, TCP, UDP, or All (all protocols supported by the router). Action - This field displays the action that the Router takes to deal with the traffic. Allow means that the Router allows the traffic through the Router, Deny means that the Router re- jects the traffic through the router.
  • Page 50 Click the Delete All button to delete all the entries. Click the Previous button to view the information in the previous screen, click the Next button to view the information in the next screen. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-32 Figure 4-33...
  • Page 51: Domain Filtering

    Step 3: Enter the “Effective time” that the rule will take effect, enter the “Domain Name” as shown in Figure 4-35. Step 4: Select the “Status” for the rule as shown in the next screen. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-34 and websites with end of .net on the Internet, while no limit...
  • Page 52: Mac Filtering

    (shown in Figure 4-37). The MAC Address Filtering feature allows you to control access to the Internet by users on your local network based on their MAC addresses. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-35 Figure 4-36...
  • Page 53 Step 2: Click Add New…/Modify shown in Figure 4-37, you will see a new screen shown in Figure 4-38. Step 3: Enter the appropriate MAC address and descriptions, then select the status as shown in Figure 4-38. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-37...
  • Page 54: Screen

    Click the Previous button to view the information in the previous screen, click the Next button to view the information in the next screen. 4.6.5 Screen Choose menu “Security→Screen”, you can configure the functions below to protect the router from being attacked in the next two screens. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-38...
  • Page 55 (identified by different des- tination IP addresses), then the source IP address will be deemed to make IP Attacks. And the Router will start up the blocking function immediately. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide...
  • Page 56 Attacks. And the Router will start up the blocking function immediately. • IP Snoop - If you select this option, the Router will monitor whether the packets from the particular region is doing IP deceive. In the event, the Router will start up the blocking function immediately.
  • Page 57: Static Routing

    • Invalid IP option: If you select this option, the Router will monitor whether the IP pack- ets from the particular region is integrated or right. In the event, the Router will start up the blocking function immediately. 4.7 Static Routing Choose menu “Static Routing”, you can configure the static route in the next screen (shown in...
  • Page 58 Default Gateway - This is the IP address of the gateway device that allows for contact be- tween the router and the network or host. Status - This field displays the status, Enabled means the rule is effective, Disabled means the rule is ineffective.
  • Page 59: Session Limit

    Step 1: Click Add New…/Modify shown in Figure 4-44, you will see a new screen shown in Figure 4-45. Step 2: Enter the appropriate LAN IP Address, Max Session and then select the status. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-43 Figure 4-44...
  • Page 60: Session List

    QoS Settings Choose menu “QoS→QoS Settings”, you can configure the Upload Bandwidth and Download Bandwidth in the next screen, their value you configure should be less than 1000000Kbps. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-45 Figure 4-46 Figure 4-47...
  • Page 61: Qos Rules List

    To add/modify a QoS rule: Step 1: Click Add New…/Modify shown in Figure 4-49, you will see a new screen shown in Figure 4-50. Step 2: Enter the information like the screen shown below. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-48 Figure 4-49...
  • Page 62: Ip & Mac Binding

    4.10.1 Binding Setting Choose menu “IP & MAC Binding→Binding Setting”, you can view and add IP & MAC binding entries in the next screen (shown in Figure 4-52). Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-50 Figure 4-51...
  • Page 63 Step 1: Click Find shown in Figure 4-52, you will see a new screen shown in Figure 4-54. Step 2: Enter the specific MAC Address or IP Address in the corresponding field. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-52...
  • Page 64: Arp List

    MAC address and IP address on the ARP list, and you could configure the items on the ARP list also. Click Load to load the specific item to the IP & MAC Binding list (shown in Figure 4-52). Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-54 Figure 4-55...
  • Page 65: Dynamic Dns

    Internet IP address. It is useful when you are hosting your own website, FTP server, or other server behind the router. Before using this feature, you need to sign up for DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org...
  • Page 66: Peanuthull Ddns

    TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Step 3: Enter the domain name that your dynamic DNS service provider offers. Step 4: Enable DDNS, and click Save to save the current configuration. Click Login to login the DDNS service. Click Logout to logout the DDNS service.
  • Page 67: Switch Setting

    TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-58 To set up for Comexe DDNS, follow these instructions: Step 1: Select the WAN port to configure. Step 2: Enter the domain name your dynamic DNS service provider offer. Step 3: Type the “User Name” and “Password” for your DDNS account.
  • Page 68: Port Statistics

    Before you view the information, please click the Refresh button to update it. 4.12.2 Port Mirror Choose menu "Switch Setting→Port Mirror", you can configure the Mirror modes, Mirror Port and the Mirrored Ports below. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-59 Figure 4-60...
  • Page 69: Port Rate Control

    TL-R480T+ Mirror Config - There are three Mirror modes: Disable, Output mirror, Input mirror. The Output/Input mirror is related to the Router. Port Mirror - This is the port linked to the mirror computer. Mirrored Ports List - The option used to select ports to be mirrored.
  • Page 70: Port Status

    Enable - This used to enable the corresponding VLAN configuration. Clean - Click this button, you can make all the entries Disabled. Save - Click this button, the Router will make a new VLAN table according to the current Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide...
  • Page 71: System Tools

    To configure the system time manually: Step 1: Select your local time zone. Step 2: Enter date and time in the right blanks. Step 3: Click Save to save the configuration. Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-66 Figure 4-67...
  • Page 72: Firmware

    Note: This setting will be used for some time-based functions such as firewall. You must spec- ify your time zone once you login to the router successfully, or else, the time limited on these functions will not take effect. The time will be lost if the router is turned off.
  • Page 73: Factory Defaults

    4.13.4 Backup and Restore Choose menu “System Tools→Backup and Restore Config”, you can save the current con- figuration of the Router as a backup file and restore the configuration via a backup file (shown in Figure 4-70). To back up the Router’s current settings: Step 1: Click the Backup button (shown in Figure 4-70), click Save button in the next screen (shown in Figure 4-71) to proceed.
  • Page 74: Reboot

    Setting file in the text box. Step 2: Click the Restore button to complete. 4.13.5 Reboot Choose menu “System Tools→Reboot”, click the Reboot button to reboot the router via the next Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-71...
  • Page 75: Password

    Restore the router's settings to factory default (system will reboot automatically). 4.13.6 Password Choose menu “System Tools→Password”, you can change the factory default user name and password of the router in the next screen (shown in Figure 4-74). After configuration, click the Save button. Note: It is strongly recommended that you change the factory default user name and password of the router.
  • Page 76: System Log

    Choose menu “System Tools→System Log”, you can view the logs of the Router. The router can keep logs of all traffic. You can query the logs to find what happened to the router. Click the Refresh button to refresh the logs.
  • Page 77: Statistics

    TL-R480T+ ing your router from the Internet. The default IP address is 0.0.0.0. It means this function is disabled. To enable this function, change the default IP address to another IP address as desired. Note: To access the router, you will type your router's WAN IP address into your browser's address (in IE) or Location (in Navigator) box, followed by a colon and the custom port number.
  • Page 78: Wan Speed Detect

    There are three detecting ways: ICMP DETECT, TCP DETECT, UDP DE- TECT. The detect way is the router sends datagram to destination IP address, and then counts the interval between sending the datagram and receiving the response.
  • Page 79 TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Figure 4-78 Destination IP - the IP address which datagram are sent to, such as- 202.96.134.188. ID - The number of ICMP datagram to be sent. Source Port - The port where datagram are sent to, such as- 5000 Destination Port - The datagram' destination port, such as-6000.
  • Page 80: Ip Nat Table

    Show - To examine the information which the local or remote IP address equals that you input. Refresh - To get the latest status and settings of the router Per page - To set how many information entries a page show.
  • Page 81: Appendix A: Specifications

    Cabling Type 100BASE-TX: UTP category 5, 5e cable (maximum 100m) Working Temperature 0℃~40℃ (32℉~104℉) Working Humidity 10% - 90% RH, Non-condensing Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide General EIA/TIA-568 100Ω STP (maximum 100m) EIA/TIA-568 100Ω STP (maximum 100m) Physical and Environment...
  • Page 82: Appendix B: Faq

    Step 1: First, configure the ADSL modem in RFC1483 bridge model. Step 2: Connect the Ethernet cable from your ADSL modem to the WAN port on the router. The telephone cord plugs into the Line port of the ADSL modem.
  • Page 83 How do I configure the router to access Internet by Ethernet users? Step 1: Login to the router, click the menu Network→WAN on the left of your browser, On the WAN screen, select “Dynamic IP” for "WAN Connection Type", and finish it by clicking Save.
  • Page 84 I want to build a WEB Server on the LAN, what should I do? Because the WEB Server port 80 will interfere with the WEB management port 80 on the router, you must change the WEB management port number to avoid interference. And then add a WEB Server on your LAN.
  • Page 85 (the router’s LAN IP address: Web Management Port) in the address field of the web browser. Step 2: To add a WEB Server: Login to the router, click the menu Forwarding→Virtual Servers on the left of your browser, On the Virtual Server screen, add a Virtual Server rule as shown in the next screen: configure “80”...
  • Page 86: Appendix C: Glossary

    TL-R480T+ Dual-WAN SMB Broadband Router User Guide Appendix C: Glossary DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System) - The capability of assigning a fixed host and do- main name to a dynamic Internet IP address. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - A protocol that automatically configure the TCP/IP parameters for the all the PCs that are connected to a DHCP server.