Yamaha CS1X Owner's Manual

Yamaha CS1X Owner's Manual

Yamaha control synthesizer owners manual cs1x
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  • Page 2 CS1x, and could even pose a serious shock hazard. • The power adaptor should be unplugged from the AC outlet if the CS1x is not to be used for an extended period of time. • Unplug the CS1x during electrical storms.
  • Page 3 Introduction In the beginning, there was the knob… And the knob was good. Great, in fact. You could just reach out and grab it. Turn it left. And turn it right. Interact with it in realtime. And there were knobs of all kinds. Knobs for changing the attack and release times of a sound.
  • Page 4 Between the Sound Control Knobs, the clearly labeled panel switches, and the back lit LCD, the current status of the CS1x is always crystal clear. The numeric keypad and other buttons—including Scenes, or "snapshots"...
  • Page 5 CS1x MAIN FEATURES The CS1x is specially designed with an intuitive, interactive user interface through lots of dedicated panel controls and sound editing features which can easily be manipulated in realtime during performance. Main features include: • 6 Sound Control Knobs for direct access to key parameters of the currently selected voice as you play, and 2 Scene memories for instant recall of specified Sound Control Knob positions.
  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS The CS1x At A Glance ...6 Getting Started ...9 How The CS1x Generates Sound ... 12 CS1x Main Operating Modes ... 14 Feature Reference ... 20 Performance Mode ...20 Common Edit 1 ... 22 Common Edit 2 ... 25 Layer Edit 1 ...
  • Page 7: The Cs1X At Aglance

    THE CS1x AT A PHONES L/MONO DC IN POWER VOLUME OUTPUT AMP EG VOLUME ATTACK RELEASE ASSIGN 1/DATA MW/FC FILTER SCENE CUTOFF RESONANCE ASSIGN 2 PITCH MODULATION Front time; turn it right for a slower attack time. (See page 30) Panel •...
  • Page 8 "system" parameters which to indicate they are fixed when affect the CS1x as a whole—such as Quick Program Change is active. Master Tune, MIDI Transmit and Press the button again to turn off Receive Channel numbers, Local Quick Program Change.
  • Page 9 THRU Rear # TO HOST Panel The TO HOST terminal lets you connect the CS1x directly to a host computer which does not have a MIDI interface. (See page 10.) ! MIDI $ INPUT MIDI IN, OUT and THRU terminals...
  • Page 10: Getting Started

    As a stand-alone performance instrument, simply connect the CS1x to amplified speakers, as follows: For stereo use, connect one end of a pair of audio cables to the CS1x's OUTPUT (L/MONO, R) jacks, and the other end to each amplified speaker's input, as shown in the illustration below.
  • Page 11: Ibm Pc And Clones

    Connecting The CS1x To A MIDI Data Storage Device You can also connect the CS1x with a MIDI data storage device, such as the Yamaha MDF2 MIDI Data Filer in order to "bulk dump", or save a User Performance ("1 Perf" setting) or all the User Performances and Utility parameters ("All"...
  • Page 12 Demo Songs Before you dive in and start exploring the many Performances and other versatile features of the CS1x, you may want to listen to the preprogrammed demonstration song. The Demo provides a dynamic example of just how powerful the CS1x really is.
  • Page 13: How The Cs1X Generates Sound

    • tone , or what its overall quality is like • amplitude , or how loud its volume level is Before we take a look at how the CS1x generates and manipulates pitch, tone and amplitude, lets first take a look at how these elements apply naturally to acoustic musical instruments.
  • Page 14 CS1x Synthesis The secret behind the CS1x's exceptional quality sound is its ability to create rich and complex sonic textures in Performances, which are made up of Layers of up to four AWM2 voices—either sounding simultaneously or mapped to various note and velocity zones across the keyboard.
  • Page 15: Cs1X Main Operating Modes

    • Multi Play mode is primarily for multitimbral playback of up to 16 Parts when external MIDI devices are connected. It has one menu of Edit parameters. You can also use the CS1x as a MIDI data input device for an external sequencer.
  • Page 16: Performance Play

    Basic Basic Operations In Operations In Performance Performance Mode Mode PERFORMANCE PLAY Performance Play mode lets you select a Preset or User Performance for realtime play. • Press the PERFORMANCE button to enter Performance mode (if you're in a different mode).
  • Page 17: Storing Scenes

    DUMP SCENE SAVE AS SCENE 1 or 2 ! PERFORMANCE BANKS - The CS1x comes preprogrammed with 128 Preset Performances and 128 User Performances. You can edit the Layers of the currently selected Performance and store it in a User Performance.
  • Page 18: Multi Structure

    AWM2 voices (accessible via the PROGRAM [–]/[+] buttons) and start playing in realtime. Multi Play mode lets you use the CS1x as a master keyboard controller or MIDI note data input device, as well as a multitimbral tone generator. A Multi is a configuration of up to 16 instrument "Parts" (each Part is assigned to a MIDI channel) which can be played simultaneously when an external sequencer or computer is connected to the CS1x.
  • Page 21: Performance Mode

    Following is a description of each function in the various modes. In Performance mode you can choose from 128 Preset and 128 User Performances. A Performance consists of a maximum of four layered sounds (voices). The Performance Edit function lets you easily edit each Layer within a Performance.
  • Page 22: Edit Procedure

    Quick Program Change Press the QUICK PC (Quick Program Change) button in the numeric keypad to fix all the numbers except the first digit of the Performance number in the LCD. By pressing a button in the numeric keypad (0~9), you can quickly select the Performance numbers within a group of ten by changing the first digit of the Performance number.
  • Page 23: Common Edit 1

    NOTE You can also use the numeric keypad (0~9) or the Data Entry knob to change the value. NOTE To change the value for all four Layers at one time, hold SHIFT and press the Parameter Value UP/DOWN button. When you press SHIFT in Performance Edit mode, a letter "A"...
  • Page 24 To start the Arpeggiator, press the ARPEGGIATOR button to turn it on. A [ ] mark will appear in the LCD above the word "ARPEGGIATOR". NOTE To turn the Arpeggiator off, press the ARPEGGIATOR button again. TYPE: Sets the type of arpeggio. You can choose from 30 types. For details about each type, see the Arpeggiator Type List in the "Data List"...
  • Page 25 NOTE If you select EFFECT OFF in the Variation Type menu, the layers which have the VARI SEND function set to ON will not sound. When you don't want to use the Variation Effect on the layers, set VARI TYPE to Thru. NOTE Variation effect works as an Insertion effect in Performance mode.
  • Page 26: Common Edit 2

    Common Edit 2 (applied to all Layers) This row provides functions and parameters which are common to all Layers in a Performance (except for "Portament"), including the settings for realtime controllers such as the Pitch Wheel, Modulation Wheel and Foot Controller. ARPEGGIATOR PERFORM TYPE...
  • Page 27 FC (Foot Control) This sets the parameters controlled by a Foot Controller connected to the FOOT CONTROLLER jack on the rear panel. There are three parameters: FMOD (Filter Modulation), CUTOFF, and VARI EF (Variation Effect). Filter Modulation Cutoff Variation Effect FMOD (Filter Modulation): Sets the filter modulation depth created by the LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator).
  • Page 28: Layer Edit 1

    Note Name Note Number LIMIT LOW is set to C2 and LIMIT HIGH is set to C4. Range of notes that can be played. CS1x Keyboard Settings: LIMIT LOW: C-2 ~ G8 LIMIT HIGH: C-2 ~ G8 NOTE It is not possible to set the LIMIT LOW note above the LIMIT HIGH note, or the LIMIT HIGH note below the LIMIT LOW note.
  • Page 29 VEL (Velocity) This determines the velocity settings for the voice in each Layer. There are four parameters: LIMIT LOW, LIMIT HIGH, OFFSET and DEPTH. Limit Low Limit High Offset Depth LIMIT LOW: Determines the lowest velocity value that will be detected when the keyboard is played.
  • Page 30 ASSIGN2 This sets the control parameter and knob sensitivity of the ASSIGN 2 Sound Control Knob. It is possible to assign up to four parameters from 28 types. It is also possible to set the sensitivity (control range of the knob) for each parameter. The parameter assigned to the ASSIGN2 knob as the default differs depending on the Performance selected.
  • Page 31: Layer Edit 2

    Layer Edit 2 (independently applied to each Layer) The functions in this row provide parameters which are essential in creating a voice, such as AEG (Amplitude Envelope Generator) and LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator). The parameters can be set for each Layer in a Performance. AMOD PMOD TIME...
  • Page 32: Layer Edit 3

    TIME (Decay Time), SUS LEVEL (Sustain Level) and REL TIME TIME (Release Time). NOTE within a specific frequency bandwidth and cutting others. The CS1x TIME features an LPF (Low Pass Filter) which passes the signals below the specified frequency point (cutoff frequency) and cuts the signals above it (see page 34).
  • Page 33 Attack Time Decay Time Sustain Level Release Time ATK TIME (Attack Time): Determines the time required for a sound to reach its maximum cutoff frequency level when a note is played. DCY TIME (Decay Time): Determines the time required for a sound to reach its Sustain Level from a maximum level while the key is held.
  • Page 34: Layer Edit 4

    LEVEL ATK LEVEL Basic Pitch PITCH INIT LEVEL ATK TIME DCY TIME REL TIME Key On Key Off Settings: INIT LEVEL (Initial Level): -64 ~ +63 ATK TIME (Attack Time): -63 ~ +63 ATK LEVEL (Attack Level: -64 ~ +63 DCY TIME (Decay Time): -63 ~ +63 REL TIME (Release Time): -63 ~ +63 REL LEVEL (Release Level): -64 ~ +63...
  • Page 35 NOTE Generally, filters change the timbre by passing signals within a specific frequency bandwidth and cutting others. The CS1x features an LPF (Low Pass Filter) which passes the signals below the specified frequency point (cutoff frequency) and cuts the signals above it.
  • Page 36 POLY/MONO This determines whether the voice in each Layer is played monophonically (only one note at a time) or polyphonically (up to 32 notes at a time). Generally, Polyphonic mode is selected to generate multiple sounds at one time. There are cases, however, where it is more effective to select Monophonic mode, such as when using a bass sound, brass sound, or an analog synthesizer sound.
  • Page 37 In Multi Play mode you can play up to 16 Parts using an external MIDI sequencer. This mode is mainly used when the CS1x is used as an XG-compatible tone generator or as a data input device in a computer music system. You can use any XG voice from the 480 normal voices and 11 drum voices.
  • Page 38 MIDI data, i.e., through MIDI System Exclusive messages that you can program using an external MIDI sequencer. In TG300B mode the CS1x will play multitimbral music data created for TG300B-compatible tone generators. TG300B mode also provides compatibility with the GM System Level1 format.
  • Page 39 Cutoff Resonance Generally, filters change the timbre by passing signals within a specific frequency bandwidth and cutting others. The CS1x features an LPF (Low Pass Filter) which passes the signals below the specified frequency point (cutoff frequency) and cuts the signals above it.
  • Page 40: Multi Play Mode

    Using the Multi Play Mode • Multi Play Mode is specifically aimed at playing CS1x as a tone generator using the external device such as sequencer. Consequently, the changes made in Multi Play Mode are temporary and cannot be stored.
  • Page 41 In Utility mode you can set the CS1x system and MIDI parameters. CS1x CS1x MIDI SYSTEM SETTINGS MIDI SETTINGS MASTER TUNE TRANS CH RCV CH KBD TRANS DEVICE NO VEL CURVE LOCAL VEL FIX BULK DUMP Entering Utility Mode Press the UTILITY button. A [ ] mark appears in the LCD below the word "UTILITY".
  • Page 42 Norm, Soft1, Soft2, Easy, Wide, Hard VEL FIX (Velocity Fix) This sets the velocity of the CS1x keyboard to a specific value. This is used when you want to play the sound at a fixed velocity regardless of keyboard touch.
  • Page 43 The data that can be received will differ depending on the mode. For details about the MIDI data format, see the "Data List" book. It is necessary to match the device number of the CS1x with the device number of the external MIDI device. (See the DEVICE NO parameter, above.)
  • Page 44 DataLSB Sound Control Knob 6 Hold1 PortaSW Sostnut • When the CS1x receives the data assigned to each Knob from an Soft external MIDI device, the parameter printed on the panel for the Harmonic RelTime Knob will be affected. For example, the Attack Time will be affected,...
  • Page 45: Utility Mode

    In Store mode you can store edited Performances or Scenes in the CS1x's internal memory. To enter Store Mode, you must first be in Performance Mode. NOTE You cannot enter Store mode from Multi Play mode or Utility mode. PERFORMANCE STORE...
  • Page 46 1. Set each Sound Control Knob to your preference. AMP EG ATTACK RELEASE FILTER CUTOFF RESONANCE 2. Hold STORE and press the SCENE 1 button to store the current Sound Control Knob settings to the SCENE 1 button memory. To store another set of Sound Control Knob settings, hold STORE and press the SCENE 2 button.
  • Page 47 You can reset all of the settings in the CS1x (Performance, Scene, System and MIDI settings) to the original factory (initial) settings. NOTE Executing this function will replace all of your existing data. As such, always store your important data to an external device such as the Yamaha MIDI Data Filer MDF2 beforehand.
  • Page 48: Digital Effects

    Variation effect. In Multi Play mode, system exclusive (MIDI) data programmed in a song sequence (of an external sequencer or computer) can change the various CS1x effect parameters at specific points in the song to greatly enhance the sound and impact of the playback.
  • Page 49 The Variation effect cannot be applied to Parts 5~16. Multi Play Mode The diagram below shows the signal flow of the three effects when the CS1x is in Multi Play mode and the Variation effect is designated as an Insertion effect. NOTE...
  • Page 50: Effect Type List

    Effect Type List Reverb Types Following are descriptions of the Reverb types. Exclusive Effect Type NO EFFECT Effect turned off. HALL1 Reverb simulating the resonance of a hall. HALL2 Reverb simulating the resonance of a hall. ROOM1 Reverb simulating the resonance of a room. ROOM2 Reverb simulating the resonance of a room.
  • Page 51 EARLY REF1,EARLY REF2 No. Parameter Display Value See Table Control Type S-H, L-H, Rdm, Rvs, Plt, Spr Room Size 0.1~7.0 0-44 table#6 Diffusion 0~10 0-10 Initial Delay 0.1~99.3ms 0-63 table#5 Feedback Level -63~+63 1-127 HPF Cutoff Thru~8.0kHz 0-52 LPF Cutoff 1.0k~Thru 34-60 Dry/Wet...
  • Page 52: Effect Data Assign Table

    DISTORTION,OVERDRIVE No. Parameter Display Value See Table Control Drive 0~127 0-127 EQ Low Frequency 50Hz~2.0kHz 8-40 table#3 EQ Low Gain -12~+12dB 52-76 LPF Cutoff 1.0k~Thru 34-60 table#3 Output Level 0~127 0-127 EQ Mid Frequency 500Hz~10.0kHz 28-54 table#3 EQ Mid Gain -12~+12dB 52-76 EQ Mid Width...
  • Page 53 Table#4 Reverb time Data Value Data Value Data Value 17.0 18.0 19.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 Table#5 Delay Time(200.0ms) Data Value Data Value Data Value Data Value 50.5 64 100.8 96 151.2 52.0 65 102.4 97 152.8 53.6 66 104.0...
  • Page 54 MIDI data, or messages. The CS1x can control a MIDI device by transmitting note related data and various types of controller data. The CS1x can be controlled by the incoming MIDI messages which automatically determine tone generator mode, select MIDI channels, voices and effects, change parameter values, and of course play the voices specified for the various Parts.
  • Page 55 1.2.8 General Purpose 1, 2, 3, 4 (Control #016, 017, 018, 019) Control #016 are messages which are transmitted by operating the connected Foot Controller, used to control specific parameter such as voice parameters and Variation effect parameters. Control #017 and Control #018 are messages which are transmitted by operating the ASSIGN1 and ASSIGN2 knobs, respectively.
  • Page 56: Program Change

    NRPN MSB NRPN LSB PARAMETER Vibrato Rate Vibrato Depth Vibrato Delay Filter Cutoff Frequency Filter Resonance EG Attack Time EG Decay Time EG Release Time Drum Filter Cutoff Frequency Drum Filter Resonance Drum EG Attack Rate Drum EG Decay Rate Drum Pitch Coarse Drum Pitch Fine Drum Level...
  • Page 57: System Messages

    * mm(MSB) = appropriate volume value, ll(LSB) = ignored 2.1.3 XG System On When this data is received, the CS1x will switch to XG mode and all the parameters will be initialized accordingly, and XG-compatible messages such as NRPN and Bank Select messages can be received.
  • Page 58 Yamaha AC Adaptor PA-3B Owner's Manual, Data List Specifications and descriptions in this owner's manual are for information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change or modify products or specifications at any time without prior notice. Since specifications, equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha dealer.
  • Page 59 The following table provides troubleshooting hints and page references for some common problems. Most problems may be simply the result of incorrect settings. Before calling for professional service, refer to the troubleshooting advice below to see if you can find and correct the cause of the problem. No sound.
  • Page 60 The memory-backup battery is low; memory cannot be backed up. Store the necessary data to a MIDI data storage device such as Yamaha MIDI Data Filer MDF2, and have the battery changed by your local Yamaha dealer or any other authorized Yamaha service personnel.
  • Page 61: About Midi

    [–]/NO/QUICK PC button ... 7 About MIDI ... 53 AEG (Ampitude Envelope Generator) ... 30 ARPEGGIATOR ... 11, 22 ARPEGGIATOR button ... 6 ASSIGN 1 PARAM (Parameter) ... 26 ASSIGN 2 ... 29 ASSIGN CTRL NO (Assign Control Change Number) ... 43 BANK ...
  • Page 62 For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor listed below. Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante. NORTH AMERICA CANADA Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
  • Page 63: Specifications

    This Product should be used only with the components supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that ac- company the accessory product.
  • Page 64 If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the your local retailer authorized to distribute this type of product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA 90620 The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.