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ActionTec Broadband Router RI408 User Manual

Actiontec electronics broadband router user manual.
Broadband
Router
Model #: RI408
Firmware Version: 4.0.16.1.45.27
User Manual
Ver 3.0
Solutions for the Digital Life

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   Summary of Contents for ActionTec Broadband Router RI408

  • Page 1

    Broadband Router Model #: RI408 Firmware Version: 4.0.16.1.45.27 User Manual Ver 3.0 Solutions for the Digital Life ™...

  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents 1 Introduction Package Contents Minimum System Requirements Features Getting to Know the Router 2 Connecting the Router Setting Up the Router Computer Network Configuration Home Page 3 Configuring My Network Settings Accessing My Network Using My Network 4 Using Network Connections Network (Home/Office) Ethernet Connection...

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 7 Using Advanced Settings Firmware Upgrade Firmware Restore Configuration File System Settings Date and Time Scheduler Rules Routing IP Address Distribution Diagnostics Restoring Default Settings Reboot the Router MAC Cloning ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) Table Users Local Administration Remote Administration...

  • Page 4: Introduction, Package Contents

    Introduction Thank you for purchasing the Actiontec Broadband Router. The Router features eight Ethernet ports, making it one of the most versatile routers available. If you want to take your home or office networking to the next level, the Actiontec Broadband Router is sure to be one of the keys to your success.

  • Page 5: Minimum System Requirements, Features

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Minimum System Requirements Computer with Ethernet capability Microsoft Windows 98 BSD, Unix Internet Explorer network protocol installed on each computer TCP/IP Features Integrated wired networking with 8-port 10/100 Mbps Ethernet switch Enterprise-level security, including Fully customizable firewall with Stateful Packet Inspection Content filtering with customizable filtering policies per computer, and E-mail notification Denial of service protection against...

  • Page 6: Getting To Know The Router

    Port forwarding support QoS support (end to end layer 2/3) featuring Diffserv, 802.1p/q prioriti- zation, configurable upstream/downstream traffic shaping, random early detection and pass-through of -side devices Remote management and secured remote management using Reverse Static Static routing Time zone support multicast support VLAN ec (...

  • Page 7

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Power Light The Power light displays the Router’s current status. If the Power light glows steadily green, the Router is receiving power and fully operational. When the Power light flashes rapidly, the Router is initializing. If the Power light is not illu- minated or glows red when the Power cord is plugged in and the Power switch is turned on, the Router has suffered a critical error and technical support should be contacted.

  • Page 8

    Rear Panel The rear panel of the Router features ten ports (Ethernet [8], Broadband, and Power), as well as a Reset button and Power switch. Ethernet Ports (8) The Ethernet ports connect devices to the Router via Ethernet cables to create a local area network ( ports, and either a straight-through or crossover Ethernet cable can be used when connecting to the ports.

  • Page 9

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Power Switch The Power switch powers the Router on and off. Power Port The Power port connects the Router to an electrical wall outlet via the Power cord. Caution: Do not unplug the Power cord from the Router dur- ing the reset process.

  • Page 10: Connecting The Router, Setting Up The Router

    Connecting the Router Connecting a computer or local network to the Broadband Router is a simple procedure, varying slightly depending on the computer’s operating system, and designed to seamlessly integrate the Router with the computer or local network. Moreover, zero-configuration is attained when taking advantage of Universal Plug- and-Play support in Windows The Windows default network settings dictate that in most cases, the setup pro- cedure described in the “Computer Network Configuration”...

  • Page 11

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 6. Make sure the computer is powered on, then plug the other end of the yellow Ethernet cable into an Ethernet port on the computer. 7. Make sure at least one of the Ethernet glows steadily green. This may take a few moments. 8.

  • Page 12

    Chapter 2 Connecting the Router 3. The “Login Setup” screen appears. Select a new user name and password and enter them in the appropriate text boxes (the password must be entered twice, for validation purposes). Write the new user name and password down on a piece of paper and keep it in a safe place, since they will be needed to access the Router’s MegaControl Panel™...

  • Page 13: Computer Network Configuration

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Computer Network Configuration Each network interface on the computer should either be configured with a stati- cally defined address and address using the Network an active server, and Actiontec recommends leaving this setting as is. DHCP Configuring a Computer to Use Dynamic IP Addressing To configure a computer to use dynamic...

  • Page 14

    Chapter 2 Connecting the Router Windows NT 1. Click Network in the Control Panel. The “Network” window appears. 2. In the “Protocol” tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) then click Properties. 3. In the “ Address” tab, click the “Obtain an button.

  • Page 15: Home

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Home Page After logging into the Router’s MegaControl Panel (see “Configuring the Router” at the beginning of this chapter), the “Home” screen appears. The Home screen has a “Main Menu” that occupies the top of the screen. Below that, the screen is divided into three columns: “My Router,”...

  • Page 16

    Chapter 2 Connecting the Router My Router This section displays the status of the Router’s network and Internet connection. A green light signifies the Router is connected; a yellow light means the Router is attempting to connect; and a red light signifies the Router’s connection is down. Broadband Connection The “Broadband Connection”...

  • Page 17

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual This page left intentionally blank.

  • Page 18: Configuring My Network Settings, Accessing My Network

    Configuring My Network Settings Once the Broadband Router is physically connected and the MegaControl Panel’s Home screen is displayed in a web browser, a list of the devices connected to the Router’s network appears in the “My Network” section of the screen. From here, some basic network settings can be configured.

  • Page 19: Using My Network

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Using My Network Various settings can be accessed for a particular device, as follows. Access Device For devices that can be accessed (such as Internet cameras and networked hard drives), locate it in the My Network column, then click Access Devices to use the device over the network.

  • Page 20

    Chapter 3 Configuring My Network Settings 2. The “Blocked Website” screen appears. Enter the website address ( to block on the network (all pages within the website will also be blocked). If the website address has multiple tional addresses and automatically add them to the restrictions table. 3.

  • Page 21

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Block Internet Services Internet services blocking is used to prevent a device on the network from access- ing particular services on the Internet, such as receiving E-mail or downloading from sites. To set up Internet services blocking on a networked device, locate the device in the My Network column, then click Block Internet Services.

  • Page 22

    Chapter 3 Configuring My Network Settings 4. If this rule will be active all the time, select “Always” from the “When should this rule occur?” drop-down list. If the rule will only be active at certain times select “Specify Schedule” and click Add. Then, add a schedule rule (for more details about schedule rules, see the “Advanced Settings”...

  • Page 23

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Enable Application Activating “Enable Application” (also known as port forwarding) allows the net- work to be exposed to the Internet in certain limited and controlled ways, enabling some applications to work from the local network (game, voice, and chat applica- tions, for example), as well as allowing Internet access to servers in the network.

  • Page 24

    Chapter 3 Configuring My Network Settings 6. Click Apply to save the changes. ☞ Note: Some applications, such as require the support of special specific Application Level Gateway ) modules to work inside the local network. Data packets associated with these applications contain information that allows them to be routed correctly.

  • Page 25

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 1. Click Test Connectivity. The “Diagnostics” screen appears. 2. Click Go. The Router runs a ping test, and the results are displayed in the Diagnostics screen. Rename This Device To rename a networked device, locate the device in the My Network column, then click Rename This Device.

  • Page 26

    Chapter 3 Configuring My Network Settings Timeout for Inactive Device The amount of time a device continues to be displayed on the network after it has been disconnected is configured in the “Timeout for Inactive Device” screen. To display the screen, click Timeout for Inactive Device. Select the timeout period from the “Timeout”...

  • Page 27

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual This page left intentionally blank.

  • Page 28: Using Network Connections

    Using Network Connections The Broadband Router supports various local area network ( ) and wide area network ( , or Internet) connections via Ethernet. Network connections is used to configure the various parameters of the Router’s network and Internet connections, and create new connections.

  • Page 29: Network (home/office)

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Network (Home/Office) Select Network (Home/Office) in the Network Connections screen to generate the “Network (Home/Office) Properties” screen. This screen displays a list of the local network’s properties. The only modifications that can be made from this screen are disabling the connection (by clicking Disable) or renaming the connec- tion (by entering a new name in the “Rule Name”...

  • Page 30

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections Configuring the Home/Office Network Click Settings in the “Network (Home/Office) Properties” screen to generate the “Configure Network (Home/Office)” screen. General The top part of the Configure Network (Home/Office) screen displays general communication parameters. Actiontec recommends not changing the default values in this section unless familiar with networking concepts.

  • Page 31

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Internet Protocol This section has three options: No IP Address, Obtain an IP Address Automatically, and Use the Following IP Address. No IP Address Select this option if the connection will have no useful if the connection operates under a bridge. Obtain an IP Address Automatically Select this option if the network connection is required by the to obtain an...

  • Page 32

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections DNS Server Domain Name System ( are translated into addresses. Specify such an address manually, according to the information provided by the To manually configure Server Addresses. Specify up to two different mary, the other secondary. IP Address Distribution The “...

  • Page 33

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 6. Enter the amount of time a network device will be allowed to connect to the Router with its currently issued dynamic in Minutes” text box. Just before the time is up, the device’s user will need to make a request to extend the lease or get a new 7.

  • Page 34: Ethernet Connection

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections Routing Table Clicking New Route generates the “New Route” window, where a new route can be configured. Additional IP Addresses Clicking New IP Address generates the “Additional where additional IP addresses can be created to access the Router via the Network (Home/Office) connection.

  • Page 35

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Configuring the Ethernet Connection Click Settings at the bottom-right of the Ethernet Properties screen to generate the “Configure Ethernet” screen. General The top part of the Configure Ethernet screen displays general communication parameters. Actiontec recommends not changing the default values in this section unless familiar with networking concepts.

  • Page 36

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections (Maximum Transmission Unit) specifies the largest packet size per- mitted for Internet transmission. “Automatic” sets the at 1500. Other choic- es include “Automatic by ,” which sets the according to the DHCP DHCP connection, and “Manual,” which allows the to be set manually.

  • Page 37: Broadband Ethernet Connection

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Broadband Ethernet Connection A Broadband Ethernet connection connects the Router to the Internet using an Ethernet cable. Click Broadband Connection (Ethernet) from the Network Connections screen to generate the “Broadband Connection (Ethernet) Properties” screen. This screen displays a list of the connection’s properties. The only modifica- tions that can be made from this screen are disabling the connection (by clicking Disable) or renaming the connection (by entering a new name in the “Rule Name”...

  • Page 38

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections Configuring the Broadband Ethernet Connection Click Settings at the bottom-right of the Broadband Connection (Ethernet) Properties window to generate the “Configure Broadband Connection (Ethernet)” screen. General The top part of the screen displays general communication parameters. Actiontec recommends not changing the default values in this section unless familiar with net- working concepts.

  • Page 39

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual (Maximum Transmission Unit) specifies the largest packet size per- mitted for Internet transmission. “Automatic, sets the es include “Automatic by connection, and “Manual,” which allows the Internet Protocol This section includes three options: No IP Address, Obtain an IP Address Automatically, and Use the Following IP Address.

  • Page 40

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections IP Address Distribution The “ Address Distribution” section of the Configure Broadband Connection Ethernet) screen is used to configure the Router’s Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ( ) server parameters. DHCP to network devices. If enabled, make sure to configure the network devices as “...

  • Page 41

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Routing The Router can be configured to use static or dynamic routing. Dynamic rout- ing automatically adjusts how packets travel on the network, while static routing specifies a fixed routing path to neighboring destinations. There are two options in the “Routing” section of the “Configure Link Ethernet”...

  • Page 42: Wan Pppoe/wan Pppoe 2

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections WAN PPPoE/WAN PPPoE 2 Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet ( ) relies on two widely accepted PPPoE standards: Point-to-Point Protocol and Ethernet. enables Ethernet net- PPPoE worked computers to exchange information with computers on the Internet. PPPoE supports the protocol layers and authentication widely used in and enables...

  • Page 43

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Configuring the WAN PPPoE Connection Click Settings in the WAN PPPoE screen. WAN PPPoE” General The top part of the Configure tion parameters. Actiontec recommends not changing the default values in this section unless familiar with networking concepts. Status Displays the connection status of the “Disabled,”...

  • Page 44

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections Network Select the type of connection being configured from the drop-down list (Broadband Connection, Network (Home/Office), or DMZ). Connection Type Displays the type of connection. Since this is “ ” is displayed. Maximum Transmission Unit) specifies the largest packet size MTU ( permitted for Internet transmission.

  • Page 45

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Login User Name Enter the user name (provided by the ) in this text box. Login Password Enter the password (provided by the ) in this text box. Support Unencrypted Password (PAP) Password Authentication Protocol ( is a simple, plain-text authentication scheme.

  • Page 46

    Chapter 4 Using Network Connections Internet Protocol Select one of the following Internet Protocol options from the “Internet Protocol” drop-down list: Obtain an IP Address Automatically This option is selected by default. Change only if required by the . The server that assigns the Router with an assigns a subnet mask.

  • Page 47

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual • NAPT - Select this option to activate Translation), which refers to network address translation involving the mapping of port numbers and allows multiple machines to share a single address. Use if the local network contains multiple devices, a topol- NAPT ogy that necessitates port translation in addition to address translation.

  • Page 48: Configuring The Router's Security

    Configuring the Router’s Security The Broadband Router’s security suite includes comprehensive and robust security services: Stateful Packet Inspection, a firewall, user authentication protocols, and password protection mechanisms. These features allow users to connect their com- puters to the Internet and be protected from the security threats. The Router’s firewall is the cornerstone of the Router’s security suite.

  • Page 49

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual This chapter covers these security features: • General - select the security level for the firewall. • Access Control - restrict access from the local network to the Internet. • Port Forwarding - enable access from the Internet to specified services provided by computers on the local network.

  • Page 50: General

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security General The “General” screen is used to configure the Router’s basic security settings. The firewall regulates the flow of data between the local network and the Internet. Both incoming and outgoing data are inspected and then either accepted (allowed to pass through the Router) or rejected (barred from passing through the Router) according to a flexible and configurable set of rules.

  • Page 51

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Note that is it is the origin of the request, not subsequent responses to this request, which determines whether a session can be established or not. The Router features three pre-defined security levels: Minimum, Typical, and Maximum.

  • Page 52: Access Control

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security 2. Check the “Block mon type of hacker attack that uses fragmented data packets to sabotage the network. Note that mate use of fragments. network to use these services. 3. Click Apply to save changes. Access Control Access control is used to block specific computers within the local network (or even the whole network) from accessing certain services on the Internet.

  • Page 53

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Allow or Restrict Services To view and allow/restrict these services: 1. Select Access Control from the left side of any Security screen. The “Access Control” screen appears. ☞ Note: The “Allowed” section is only visible when the firewall is set to “Maximum.”...

  • Page 54

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security 3. If this access control rule applies to all networked devices, select “Any” from the “Networked Computer/Device” list box. If this rule applies to certain devices only, select “Specify Address” and click Add. Then, add a network object (for more details about adding network objects, see the “Advanced Settings”...

  • Page 55: Port Forwarding

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Port Forwarding In its default state, the Router blocks all external users from connecting to or communicating with the network, making it safe from hackers who may try to intrude on the network and damage it. However, the network can be exposed to the Internet in certain limited and controlled ways to enable some applications to work from the local network (game, voice, and chat applications, for example) and to enable Internet access to servers in the network.

  • Page 56

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security 4. Select the Internet protocol to be provided from the “Protocol” drop-down list. To see all options, select All Services. 5. Select a connection type from the “ list. Actiontec recommends selecting All Broadband Devices. 6.

  • Page 57: Dmz (demilitarized Zone) Host

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) Host host feature allows one device on the network to operate outside the firewall. Designate a • To use an Internet service, such as an online game or video-conferencing program, not present in the Port Forwarding list and for which no port range information is available.

  • Page 58: Port Triggering

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security Port Triggering Port triggering can be used for dynamic port forwarding configuration. By setting port triggering rules, inbound traffic is allowed to arrive at a specific network host using ports different than those used for the outbound traffic. The outbound traffic triggers which ports inbound traffic is directed.

  • Page 59: Remote Administration

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 3. Click Add. An “Edit Service” screen appears. 4. Specify the port triggering entries by clicking New Trigger Ports and New Opened Ports and entering the protocol and protocol number in the suc- ceeding screens. For example, to set up port triggering for the scenario laid out on the previous page, the service ports would be set to while the opened ports would be set to Remote Administration...

  • Page 60

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security Telnet Telnet is used to create a command-line session and gain access to all system set- tings and parameters using a text-based terminal. Select the Telnet port to be used by clicking in the appropriate check box, then click Apply. MegaControl Panel MegaControl Panel is used to obtain access to the Router’s MegaControl Panel and gain access to all settings and parameters,using a web browser.

  • Page 61: Website Blocking

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Website Blocking The Router can be configured to block specific websites, preventing access to them from computers on the local network. Restrictions can also be applied to a com- prehensive, automatically updated table of sites to which access is not recommend- ed.

  • Page 62

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security 4. If website blocking needs to be active all the time, select Always from the “When should this rule occur?” drop-down list. If the rule will only be active at certain times, select Specify Schedule and click Add. Then, add a schedule rule (for more details about schedule rules, see the “Advanced Settings”...

  • Page 63: Static Nat

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Static NAT ☞ Note: A block of static to configure this feature. This option allows multiple static the network. Static NAT IP with private addresses appear to have public allows an internal host, such as a web server, to have an unregistered (private) address and still be reachable over the Internet.

  • Page 64: Advanced Filtering

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security 6. Select the protocol that needs to be accessible from the public clicking in the check box next to “Enable Port Forwarding for Static selecting a protocol from the drop-down menu. Click Apply, and Apply again. Repeat these steps to add more static Advanced Filtering Advanced filtering is designed to allow comprehensive control over the firewall’s...

  • Page 65

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Inbound Packets - Input Rule Sets • Initial rules • All rules defined for the network device on which the packet is • Local servers rules from the local server tab in the security screen •...

  • Page 66

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security To configure advanced filtering rules, click Add next to the rule title. The “Add Advanced Filter” screen appears. To add an advanced filtering rule, define the following rule parameters: Matching To apply a firewall rule, a match must be made between and ports.

  • Page 67: Security Log

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual • Accept - Allow access to packets that match the source and destination addresses and protocol ports defined in upper section of the screen. The data transfer session will be handled using Stateful Packet Inspection ( •...

  • Page 68

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security Time The time (based on the Router’s date and time settings) the event occurred. Event There are five kinds of events listed in the system log: • Inbound Traffic - a result of an incoming packet •...

  • Page 69

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual • ICMP replay - an ICMP has been blocked. • ICMP redirect protection - an • Packet invalid in connection - an invalid connection packet has been blocked. • ICMP protection - a broadcast • Broadcast/Multicast protection - a packet with a broadcast/multicast source has been blocked.

  • Page 70

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security • PPTP connection - a packet inquiring whether the Router is ready to receive a connection has been accepted. PPTP • AUTH:113 request - an outbound packet for accepted (for maximum security level). • IPV6 over IPV4 - an •...

  • Page 71

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual • Fragmented packet, packet too big - a packet has been blocked because, after defragmentation, the packet was too big. • Fragmented packet, packet exceeds - a packet has been blocked because, after defragmentation, the packet exceeded. •...

  • Page 72

    Chapter 5 Configuring the Router’s Security • FTP port request to 3rd party is forbidden (Possible bounce attack) - a packet has been blocked. • Firewall Rules were changed - the firewall rule set has been modified. • User authentication - a message arrived during login time, including both successful and failed authentication.

  • Page 73

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 3. Select the type of blocked events to be listed in the log: • All Blocked Connection Attempts - activating this check box generates log messages for all blocked events. • Other Blocked Events - if “All Blocked Connection Attempts” is un- checked, select specific blocked events from this list to generate log messages.

  • Page 74: Using Parental Controls, Activating Parental Controls

    Using Parental Controls The abundance of harmful information on the Internet poses a serious challenge for employers and parents alike - “How can I regulate what my employee/child does on the Internet?” The Broadband Router’s Parental Controls allows users to regulate, control, and monitor Internet access. By classifying and categorizing online content, it is possible to create numerous Internet access policies and easily apply them to networked computers.

  • Page 75: Creating A Filtering Policy

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 5. The Surf Control subscription site will then be displayed in a new browser window. Follow the instructions on the website and subscribe or enroll for a free trial. A verification E-mail will be sent. Click on the link in the verification E-mail.

  • Page 76

    Chapter 6 Parental Controls 2. Click Filtering Policy from the list on the left side of the screen. The “Filtering Policy” screen appears. 3. Click Add a Policy to generate another “Filtering Policy” screen. 4. Enter a name for the new policy in the “Name” text box.

  • Page 77

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 5. Enter a description of the new policy in the “Description” text box. 6. Select the content filtering check boxes that represent content to be blocked in the “Blocked Categories” section. 7. Click Apply to save the new policy. Selecting a category will automatically select all its sub-categories and deselecting a category will automatically deselect its sub-categories.

  • Page 78

    LAN Filtering Policy To select a default filtering policy for the local network, select the policy name from the “Default Policy” drop-down list, located in the Filtering Policy screen, and click Apply. PC Filtering Policy To apply separate policies to individual home computers, do the following: In the Filtering Policy screen, click Add a LAN Computer.

  • Page 79: Advanced Options

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Advanced Options The “Advanced Options” screen contains features providing additional Web filter- ing security. Provider Consulting Failure To decide whether to allow or block a specific website, the filter service provider is consulted about the website’s category. If an error occurs consulting the provider, the user can decide whether to block or allow access to all sites.

  • Page 80: Statistics

    Statistics The Router’s MegaControl Panel monitors content filtering statistics. Statistics include a record of: • Access attempts • Accessed • Blocked • s that were accessed from cache To view content filtering statistics: 1. Click Parental Control in the Home screen. 2.

  • Page 81

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual This page left intentionally blank.

  • Page 82: Using Advanced Settings

    Using Advanced Settings The Advanced settings of the Broadband Router’s MegaControl Panel is intended primarily for more advanced users. Some changes to settings within this section could adversely affect the operation of the Router and the local network, and should be made with caution. To access the Router’s Advanced settings, click Advanced at the top of the Home screen, which generates the “Advanced”...

  • Page 83

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual IP Address Distribution - manage the addresses of devices on the network Diagnostics - perform diagnostic tests on the Router Restore Defaults - reset the Router to its default settings Reboot Router - reboot the Router MAC Cloning - clone MAC addresses ARP Table - display active devices and their addresses, etc.

  • Page 84: Firmware Upgrade

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings Firmware Upgrade The Router offers a built-in mechanism for upgrading its firmware without los- ing custom configurations and settings. There are two methods for upgrading the firmware: • Upgrading from a local computer - use a software image file pre-down- loaded to the computer’s disk drive or located on the accompanying evalua- tion •...

  • Page 85

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 2. In the “Upgrade From a Computer in the Network” section, click Upgrade Now. The “Upgrade From a Computer in the Network” screen appears. 3. Enter the path of the software image file, or press the “Browse” button to browse for the file, and click Apply.

  • Page 86: Firmware Restore

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings Automatic Check Disabled If “Automatically Check Disabled” is selected, the Router will not automatically check for firmware upgrades. Manual Checking and Upgrading To manually upgrade the Router’s firmware: 1. Click Check Now in the Firmware Upgrade screen. 2.

  • Page 87: Configuration File

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Configuration File Use the Router’s Configuration File feature to view, save, and load configuration files, which are used to backup and restore the Router’s current configuration: To do this: 1. Click Configuration File in the Advanced screen. The “Configuration File” screen appears.

  • Page 88: System Settings

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings System Settings Clicking System Settings in the Advanced screen generates the “System Settings” screen, where various system and management parameters can be configured.

  • Page 89

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual System Use the “System” section of this screen to configure the following two option Broadband Router’s Hostname Specify the Router’s host name by entering it into the this text box. The host name is also the Router’s 192.168.1.1.

  • Page 90

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings Management Application Ports This section allows the following management application ports to have their default port numbers to be changed: • Primary/secondary • Primary/secondary • Primary/secondary Telnet ports • Secure Telnet over System Logging Use this section to configure the following system log options. Enable Logging Click in this check box to activate system logging.

  • Page 91

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Security Logging Use this section to configure the following security log options. Enable Logging Click in this check box to activate security logging. Low Capacity Notification Enabled Click in this check box to activate low capacity notification (works in tandem with “Allowed Capacity Before Email Notification”...

  • Page 92

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings Port Enter the port number of the E-mail server in this text box. Server Requires Authentication If the E-mail server requires authentication, click in this check box, then enter a user name and password in the “User Name” and “Password” text boxes that appear. Auto WAN Detection When activated, Auto connection.

  • Page 93: Date And Time

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Date and Time To configure date, time, and daylight savings time settings perform the following: 1. Click Date and Time in the Advanced screen. The “Date and Time” screen appears. 2. Select the local time zone from the drop-down list. The Router can automati- cally detect daylight saving setting for selected time zones.

  • Page 94: Scheduler Rules

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings To perform an automatic time update: 1. Click in the “Enabled” check box in the “Automatic Time Update” section. 2. Select the protocol to be used to perform the time update by selecting either the “Time of Day” or “Network Time Protocol” radio button. 3.

  • Page 95

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 3. Click Add. The “Set Rule Schedule” screen appears. 4. Enter a name for the rule in the “Rule Name” text box. 5. Specify if the rule will be active or inactive during the designated time period by clicking the appropriate “Rule Settings”...

  • Page 96: Routing

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings 8. If applicable, click New Hours Range Entry to define an active/inactive hourly range. The “Edit Hour Range” screen appears. Enter a start and end time in the appropriate text boxes. 9. Click Apply. ☞ Note: Make sure the Router’s date and time settings are properly configured for the time zone.

  • Page 97

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual When adding a routing rule, the following parameters must be specified: • Rule Name- Select the type of network from the drop-down list. • Destination - The destination is the destination host, subnet address, net- work address, or default route.

  • Page 98: Ip Address Distribution

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings Domain Routing Domain routing is used in multi-router local network configurations. Normally, to accesss a device connected to one router from another router on the network, address must be used. Activating domain routing (by clicking in the appro- priate check box) allows the user to access to the computer by name (as well as address).

  • Page 99

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual To view a summary of the services currently being provided by the server, click IP Address Distribution in the Advanced screen. The “ Distribution” screen appears. Editing DHCP Server Settings To edit the server settings for a device: DHCP 1.

  • Page 100

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings 3. Complete the following fields: • Start IP Address Range, End IP Address Range - determines the number of hosts connected to the network in this subnet. “Start” specifies the first address assigned in this subnet and “End” specifies the last the range.

  • Page 101

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual To define a new connection with a fixed 1. Click New Static Connection in the Connection Settings” screen appears. 2. Enter a host name for this connection. 3. Enter the fixed address to assign to the computer. 4.

  • Page 102: Diagnostics

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings Diagnostics The Diagnostics screen can assist in testing network connectivity. This feature pings ( echo) an ICMP packets transmitted and received, round trip time, and success status. To diagnose network connectivity: 1. Click Diagnostics from the Advanced screen. The “Diagnostics” screen appears.

  • Page 103: Restoring Default Settings, Reboot The Router

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Restoring Default Settings If the Router’s factory default settings need to be restored (to build a new network from the beginning, for example), use the following procedure: 1. Click Restore Defaults in the Advanced screen. The “Restore Defaults” screen appears.

  • Page 104: Mac Cloning, Arp (address Resolution Protocol) Table

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings MAC Cloning (Media Access Control) address is a unique hexadecimal code that identifies a device on a network. All networkable devices have a address. When replac- ing another network device with the Router, the installation process can be simpli- fied by copying the address of the existing computer to the Router.

  • Page 105: Users

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Users To manage individual users: 1. Click Users in the Advanced screen, which generates the “Users” screen. 2. Click New User, which generates the “User Settings” screen. When adding a user, specify the following parameters: •...

  • Page 106: Local Administration

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings • E-mail Notification - E-mail notification can be used to receive indications of system events for a predefined severity classification. The available types of events are “System” or “Security” events. The available severity of events are Error, Warning, and Information.

  • Page 107: Dynamic Dns, Remote Administration

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Remote Administration The Router’s Remote Administration capabilities are covered in detail in the “Security” chapter of this manual. Dynamic DNS Dynamic (Domain Name Server) a dynamic address to be aliased to a static hostname, allowing a computer on the network to be more easily accessible from the Internet.

  • Page 108

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings Setting up Dynamic DNS on the Router, click Dynamic DNS in the Advanced To set up Dynamic screen. The “Dynamic Configure the following parameters: Connection To Update Select the connection with which to couple the Dynamic include Broadband Connection (Ethernet), Broadband Connection (Coax), and WAN PPPoE.

  • Page 109: Dns Server

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Host Name Enter the full Dynamic Wildcard Select the “Wildcard” check box to have any (here.yourhost.dyndns.org, for example) to connect. Mail Exchanger Enter the mail exchange server address. This will redirect all E-mails arriving at the Dynamic address to the mail server.

  • Page 110

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings server does not require configuration. However, the list of computers known by the can be viewed, the host name or the list can be changed, or a new computer can be added to the list. DNS Table To view the list of computers stored in the Advanced screen.

  • Page 111: Network Objects

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 2. If the host was manually added to the address can be modified. Otherwise, only modify its host name. 3. Click Apply to save the changes. To remove a host from the Click the appropriate “Delete” icon in the Action column. The entry will be removed from the table.

  • Page 112: Universal Plug And Play (upnp)

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings 2. Click Add. The “Edit Network Object” screen appears. 3. Specify a name for the network object in the “Description” text box. 4. Click Add. The “Edit Item” screen appears. 5. Select the type of network object type from the “Network Object Type” list box. Options include address, 6.

  • Page 113

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 2. Click in the “Allow Other Network Users to Control Broadband Router’s Network Features” check box to enable defined on any of the network hosts. 3. Click in the “Enable Automatic Cleanup of Old Unused box to enable automatic cleanup of invalid rules.

  • Page 114: Protocols

    Chapter 7 Using Advanced Settings Protocols Protocols features a list of preset and user-defined applications and common port settings. Protocols can be used in various security features, such as Access Control and Port Forwarding. New protocols can be added to support new applications or existing ones can be edited when needed.

  • Page 115

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 3. Name the service in the “Service Name” text box and, if needed, enter a description of the service in the “Service Description” text box, then click Add Service Ports. The “Edit Service Server Ports” screen appears. 4.

  • Page 116: Monitoring The Router, Router Status

    Monitoring the Router The Broadband Router’s System Monitoring screens display important system information, including: • Basic Router settings • System log • Key network device parameters • Network traffic statistics Router Status Click System Monitoring at the top of the Home screen to display the “Router Status”...

  • Page 117: System Log

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual System Log Click System Monitoring in any of the Monitoring screens to display the “Advanced Status” screen, then click System Logging to generate the screen shown below. The System Log displays a list of the most recent activities of the Router.

  • Page 118: Monitoring Connections

    Chapter 8 Monitoring the Router Monitoring Connections 1. Click System Monitoring in any of the Monitoring screens to display the “Advanced Status” screen, then click Full System/System-wide Monitoring of Connections to generate the screen shown below, which comprises a table summarizing the monitored connection data.

  • Page 119: Traffic Monitoring

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Traffic Monitoring The Router constantly monitors traffic within the local network and between the local network and the Internet. To view up-to-the-second statistical information about data received from and transmitted to the Internet, and about data received from and transmitted to computers in the local network, click Traffic Monitoring in the Advanced Status screen.

  • Page 120: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting This chapter contains a list of problems that may be encountered while using the Broadband Router, and techniques to try and overcome the problem. Note that these techniques may not solve the problem (or problems). Accessing the Router if Locked Out If the Router’s connection is lost while making configuration changes, a setting that locks access to the MegaControl Panel may have inadvertantly been acti- vated.

  • Page 121

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual LAN Connection Failure • Ensure the Router is properly installed, the and the power is on. • Confirm the computer and Router are on the same network segment. If unsure, let the computer get the IP address automatically by initiating the function, then verify the computer is using an IP address within the DHCP default range (...

  • Page 122

    Chapter 9 Troubleshooting How do I find out what IP address my computer is using? Windows 95, 98, 98SE, and Me - Select Start, Run, and type “winipcfg.” Press Enter. When the “Winipcfg” window appears, ensure your network device is selected. Windows NT, 2000, and XP - Select Start, Run and type “cmd.”...

  • Page 123

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual What is the default user name for the Router? The default user name for the router is “admin” and the default password is “password” (all lower case, no quotation marks). When logging into the Router the first time (or after restoring the Router’s default settings), the user is asked to create a new user name and password after entering the default user name and password.

  • Page 124: Traffic Priority

    Quality of Service Network-based applications and traffic are growing at a high rate, producing an ever-increasing demand for bandwidth and network capacity. For obvious reasons, bandwidth and capacity cannot be expanded infinitely, requiring that bandwidth- demanding services be delivered over existing infrastructure, without incurring additional expensive investments.

  • Page 125

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual The matching of packets by rules is connection-based, known as Stateful Packet Inspection ( ), using the Router’s firewall mechanism. Once a packet matches a rule, all subsequent packets with the same attributes receive the same eters, both inbound and outbound.

  • Page 126: A Quality Of Service

    Setting Priority Rules To set priority rules: 1. Click Quality of Service in the Advanced screen. The “Traffic Priority” screen appears. This screen is divided into two identical sections, one for “ rules” and the other for “ inbound and outbound traffic, respectively. Each section lists all the devices on which rules can be set.

  • Page 127

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 2. After choosing the traffic direction and the device on which to set the rule, click Add in the appropriate row. The “Add Traffic Priority Rule” screen appears. Set the following parameters: Source Address - The source address of the packets sent to or received from the network object.

  • Page 128: Traffic Shaping

    Set Priority - Activate this check box to add a priority to the rule. The screen will refresh, allowing a selection between one of eight priority levels, zero being the lowest and seven the highest (each priority level is mapped to low/medium/high priority).

  • Page 129

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Device Traffic Shaping This section describes the different Traffic Shaping screens and terms, and presents the feature’s configuration logic. 1. Click Quality of Service in the Advanced screen, then click Traffic Shaping. The following screen appears. 2.

  • Page 130

    Configure the following parameters: Tx Bandwidth - Tx bandwidth limits the Router’s bandwidth transmission rate. The purpose is to limit the bandwidth of the est outbound link.. This forces the Router to be the network bottleneck, where sophisticated prioritization can be performed. Rx Bandwidth - In the same manner, this Rx bandwidth limits the Router’s bandwidth reception rate.

  • Page 131

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual To define a shaping class: 1. Click Add in the “Tx Traffic Shaping” section of the Edit Device Traffic Shaping screen. The “Add Shaping Class” screen appears. 2. Name the new class and click Apply. 3.

  • Page 132

    Appendix A Quality of Service Policy The class policy determines the policy of routing packets inside the class. Select one of four options: • Priority - Priority queuing utilizes multiple queues, so that traffic is distrib- uted among queues based on priority. This priority is defined according to packet’s priority, which can be defined explicitly, by a DSCP value, or by an 802.1p value.

  • Page 133

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual To add a new outbound/inbound class rule, click Add in the Edit Class screen. The “Add Traffic Priority Rule” screen appears. Source Address - The source address of the packets sent to or received from the network object (computer A in the above example).

  • Page 134

    Set Priority - Activate this check box to add a priority to the rule. The screen will refresh, allowing a selection of one of eight priority levels, zero being the lowest and seven the highest (each priority level is mapped to low/medium/high priority).

  • Page 135

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Furthermore, the Router cannot control the behavior of the , which may not have proper handling. Unfortunately, this is a common situation. Let’s look at a scenar- io of downloading a large file and surfing the Internet at the same time. Downloading the file is distinguished by small requests, followed by very large responses.

  • Page 136

    1. Click Quality of Service at the top of the Home screen, then click DSCP Settings. The “ DSCP 2. To edit an existing entry, click the appropriate icon in the “Action” column. To add a new entry, click Add. In either case, the “Edit DSCP Settings” screen appears.

  • Page 137

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 802.1p Settings 802.1p priority marking method is a standard for prioritizing network IEEE traffic at the data link/Mac sub-layer. 802.1p traffic is simply classified and sent to the destination, with no bandwidth reservations established. The 802.1p header includes a 3-bit prioritization field, which allows packets to be grouped into eight levels of priority.

  • Page 138

    2. The eight 802.1p values are pre-populated with the three priority levels: Low, Medium, and High. These levels can be changed for each of the eight values in their respective drop-down lists. 3. Click Apply to save the settings. Class Statistics The Router provides accurate, real-time information on the traffic moving through the defined device classes.

  • Page 139

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual This page left intentionally blank.

  • Page 140: Led Indicators, General

    Specifications General Model Number 408 (8-Port Broadband Router) Standards IEEE 802.3x IEEE 802.3u IP version 4 Firewall certified ICSA Speed LAN Ethernet: 10/100 Mbps auto-sensing Cabling Type Ethernet 10BaseT: UTP/STP Ethernet100BaseTX: LED Indicators Power, (8), , Internet Category 3 or 5 Category 5 UTP/STP...

  • Page 141: Environmental

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Environmental Power External, 5 , 3A V DC Certifications Part 15, -60959-1 Operating Temperature 0 º C to 40 º C (32 º F to 104 º F) Storage Temperature -20 º C to 70 º C (-4 º F to 158 º F) Operating Humidity 8% to 93% (non-condensing) Storage Humidity...

  • Page 142: Notices, Regulatory Compliance Notices, Modifications

    Notices Regulatory Compliance Notices Class B Equipment This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installa- tion.

  • Page 143

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual 2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause unwanted operation. ☞ Note: To comply with FCC RF exposure compliance require- ments, the antenna used for this transmitter must be installed to provide a separation distance of at least 20 cm from all persons and must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.

  • Page 144: Limited Warranty

    Limited Warranty Hardware: Actiontec Electronics, Inc., warrants to the end user (“Customer”) that this hardware product will be free from defects in workmanship and materials, under normal use and service, for twelve (12) months from the date of purchase from Actiontec Electronics or its authorized reseller. Actiontec Electronics’...

  • Page 145

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual THIS ACTIONTEC ELECTRONICS PRODUCT MAY INCLUDE OR BE BUNDLED WITH THIRD-PARTY SOFTWARE, THE USE OF WHICH IS GOVERNED BY A SEPARATE END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT. THIS ACTIONTEC ELECTRONICS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO SUCH THIRD- PARTY SOFTWARE. FOR THE APPLICABLE WARRANTY, PLEASE REFER TO THE END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT GOVERNING THE USE OF SUCH SOFTWARE.

  • Page 146

    Limited Warranty NEITHER ASSUMES NOR AUTHORIZES ANY OTHER PERSON TO ASSUME FOR IT ANY OTHER LIABILITY IN CONNECTION WITH THE SALE, INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE OR USE OF ITS PRODUCTS. ACTIONTEC ELECTRONICS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE UNDER THIS WARRANTY IF ITS TESTING AND EXAMINATION DISCLOSE THAT THE ALLEGED DEFECT OR MALFUNCTION IN THE PRODUCT DOES NOT EXIST OR WAS CAUSED BY CUSTOMER’S OR ANY THIRD PERSON’S MISUSE, NEGLECT, IMPROPER INSTALLATION OR TESTING, UNAUTHORIZED ATTEMPT TO OPEN, REPAIR OR MODIFY THE...

  • Page 147

    Actiontec Broadband Router User Manual Governing Law: This Limited Warranty shall be governed by the laws of the State of California, U.S.A., excluding its conflicts of laws and principles, and excluding the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods.

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