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Husqvarna 272 XP Operator's Manual

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Operator's manual
61 272 XP 272 XPG
E E E E n n n n g g g g l l l l i i i i s s s s h h h h
Please read the operator's manual carefully and make sure you understand the instructions before using the machine.



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  Summary of Contents for Husqvarna 272 XP

  • Page 1 Operator′s manual 61 272 XP 272 XPG E E E E n n n n g g g g l l l l i i i i s s s s h h h h Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you understand the instructions before using the machine.
  • Page 2: Key To Symbols

    KEY TO SYMBOLS Symbols on the machine: Symbols in the operator’s manual: WARNING! Chain saws can be dangerous! Careless or incorrect use can Switch off the engine by moving the stop result in serious or fatal injury to the switch to the STOP position before operator or others.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS Contents KEY TO SYMBOLS Symbols on the machine: ........2 Symbols in the operator’s manual: ....... 2 CONTENTS Contents ............... 3 INTRODUCTION Dear Customer, ............ 4 WHAT IS WHAT? What is what on the chain saw? ......5 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Before using a new chain saw ......
  • Page 4: Introduction

    Congratulations on your choice to buy a Husqvarna product! Husqvarna is based on a tradition that dates back to 1689, when the Swedish King Karl XI ordered the construction of a factory on the banks of the Husqvarna River, for production of muskets.
  • Page 5: What Is What

    WHAT IS WHAT? What is what on the chain saw? Cylinder cover 16 Spiked bumper Front handle 17 Chain catcher Front hand guard 18 Clutch cover Starter housing 19 Right hand guard Chain oil tank 20 Throttle trigger Starter handle 21 Throttle trigger lockout Adjuster screws carburettor 22 Decompression valve (272XP)
  • Page 6: General Safety Precautions

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Before using a new chain saw Important • Please read this manual carefully. IMPORTANT! • Check that the cutting equipment is correctly fitted and This chain saw for forest service is designed for forest adjusted. See instructions under the heading work such as felling, limbing and cutting.
  • Page 7: Personal Protective Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS as well as help you to use your chain saw both efficiently • Fire Extinguisher and Shovel and safely. Attend a training course in chain saw usage if possible. Your dealer, forestry school or your library can provide information about which training materials and courses are available.
  • Page 8 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS • The chain brake (A) can either be activated manually • To release the chain brake pull the front hand guard (by your left hand) or automatically by the inertia backwards, towards the front handle. release mechanism. •...
  • Page 9: Chain Catcher

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Will my hand always activate the chain Chain catcher brake during a kickback? The chain catcher is designed to catch the chain if it snaps or jumps off. This should not happen if the chain is No. It takes a certain force to move the hand guard properly tensioned (see instructions under the heading forward.
  • Page 10: Cutting Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Cutting equipment WARNING! Overexposure to vibration can lead to circulatory damage or nerve This section describes how to choose and maintain your damage in people who have impaired cutting equipment in order to: circulation. Contact your doctor if you •...
  • Page 11 • Drive link width (mm/inches) a bar and chain combinations recommended by Husqvarna. See instructions under the heading Technical Data for a list of replacement bar and chain combinations we recommend. Guide bar •...
  • Page 12: Sharpening Your Chain And Adjusting Depth Gauge Setting

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Sharpening your chain and adjusting gauge. This will help you obtain the maximum kickback reduction and cutting performance from your chain. depth gauge setting General information on sharpening cutting teeth • Never use a blunt chain. When the chain is blunt you have to exert more pressure to force the bar through the wood and the chips will be very small.
  • Page 13: Tensioning The Chain

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Tensioning the chain General advice on adjusting depth gauge setting • When you sharpen the cutting tooth (A) the depth gauge setting (C) will decrease. To maintain optimal cutting performance the depth gauge (B) has to be filed down to achieve the recommended depth gauge setting.
  • Page 14: Lubricating Cutting Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Lubricating cutting equipment throttle you should see a distinct line of oil on the light surface. WARNING! Poor lubrication of cutting equipment may cause the chain to snap, which could lead to serious, even fatal injuries. Chain oil Chain oil must demonstrate good adhesion to the chain and also maintain its flow characteristics regardless of whether it is warm summer or cold winter weather.
  • Page 15 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS A Spur sprocket (the chain sprocket is welded on the • Whether there are burrs on the edges of the bar. drum) Remove these with a file if necessary. B Rim sprocket (replaceable) • Whether the groove in the bar has become badly worn.
  • Page 16: Assembly

    ASSEMBLY Fitting the bar and chain Tension the chain by turning the chain tensioning screw clockwise using the combination spanner. The chain should be tensioned until it does not sag from the underside of the bar. WARNING! Always wear gloves, when working with the chain.
  • Page 17: Fuel Handling

    • If the machine is not used for some time the fuel tank should be emptied and cleaned. HUSQVARNA recommends the use of alkylate fuel, either Aspen two-stroke fuel or environmental fuel for four-stroke Chain oil engines blended with two-stroke oil as set out below. Note that carburettor adjustment may be necessary when •...
  • Page 18: Fueling

    FUEL HANDLING Fueling • Move the machine at least 3 m from the refuelling point before starting it. WARNING! Taking the following precautions, will lessen the risk of fire: Do not smoke and do not place any hot objects in the vicinity of fuel. Always stop the engine and let it cool for •...
  • Page 19: Starting And Stopping

    (as the starter pawls engage) then pull firmly and rapidly. Never twist the starter cord around your hand. 272 XP/XPG Ignition: Slide the ignition switch to the left. Choke: Set the choke control in the choke position. Start throttle: The correct choke/start throttle setting is obtained by moving the control to the choke position.
  • Page 20 STARTING AND STOPPING unnecessary wear to the clutch, clutch drum and brake drop start. This method is very dangerous because band. you may lose control of the saw. • Never start the machine indoors. Exhaust fumes can be dangerous if inhaled. Push in the choke control as soon as the engine fires and keep pulling until the engine starts.
  • Page 21: Working Techniques

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Before use: • To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot affect your control of the machine. • To make sure that none of the above might come within reach of your saw or be injured by falling trees. Check that the chain brake works correctly and is not damaged.
  • Page 22 WORKING TECHNIQUES Before moving your chain saw switch off the engine Lack of concentration can lead to kickback if the and lock the chain using the chain brake. Carry the kickback zone of the bar accidentally touches a chain saw with the bar and chain pointing backwards. branch, nearby tree or some other object.
  • Page 23: Basic Cutting Technique

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Basic cutting technique ladder, in a tree or where you do not have firm ground to stand on. WARNING! Never use a chain saw by holding it with one hand. A chain saw is not safely controlled with one hand. Always have a secure, firm grip around the handles with both hands.
  • Page 24 WORKING TECHNIQUES Two factors decide whether the chain will jam or the object risk that the chain will touch the ground when you finish that you are cutting will split: the first is how the object is the cut. supported before and after cutting, and the second is whether it is in tension.
  • Page 25: Tree Felling Technique

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Start by cutting from above (about 1/3 of the way through). • Look for signs of damage and rot in the stem, this makes it more probably that the tree will break and start to fall before you expect it to. Finish by cutting from below so that the two cuts meet.
  • Page 26 WORKING TECHNIQUES starts to fall. Your path of retreat should be roughly 135 The directional cuts should run 1/4 of the diameter degrees away from the intended felling direction. through the trunk and the angle between the top cut and bottom cut should be 45°.
  • Page 27 WORKING TECHNIQUES trunk diameter. The uncut section of the trunk is called the There are methods for felling trees with a diameter larger felling hinge. than the bar length. However these methods involve a much greater risk that the kickback zone of the bar will come into contact with the tree.
  • Page 28: How To Avoid Kickback

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Cutting trees and branches that are in tension How to avoid kickback Preparations: Work out which side is in tension and where the point of maximum tension is (i.e. where it would break WARNING! Kickback can happen very if it was bent even more).
  • Page 29 WORKING TECHNIQUES Limbing WARNING! A majority of kickback accidents occur during limbing. Do not use the kickback zone of the guide bar. Be extremely cautious and avoid contacting the log, other limbs or objects with the nose of the guide bar. Be extremely cautious of limbs under tension.
  • Page 30: Maintenance

    finely adjusted. The fine adjustment should be carried out by a qualified person. First adjust the L-jet, then the idling screw T and then the H-jet. Your Husqvarna product has been designed and Changing the type of fuel manufactured to specifications that reduce harmful emissions.
  • Page 31: Checking, Maintaining And Servicing Chain Saw Safety Equipment

    MAINTENANCE Checking, maintaining and every position and the engine speed should be safely below the speed at which the chain starts to rotate. servicing chain saw safety equipment WARNING! Contact your servicing dealer, if the idle speed setting cannot be adjusted so that the chain stops.
  • Page 32 MAINTENANCE Checking the inertia brake release go of the front handle. The chain should stop immediately. Place the chain saw, with the engine switched off, on a stump or other stable surface. Release the front handle and let the saw fall by its own weight, rotating around the Throttle trigger lockout rear handle towards the stump.
  • Page 33: Muffler

    MAINTENANCE Chain catcher Stop switch Check that the chain catcher is not damaged and is firmly Start the engine and make sure the engine stops when attached to the body of the chain saw. you move the stop switch to the stop setting. Right hand guard Check that the right hand guard is not damaged and that there are no visible defects, such as cracks.
  • Page 34: Starter Housing

    MAINTENANCE cause damage to the cylinder and piston. Never use a • Pull out the cord approx. 30 cm and hook it into the machine with a muffler that is in poor condition. Never notch in the rim of the pulley. Release the recoil spring use a muffler if the spark arrestor mesh is missing or by letting the pulley rotate slowly backwards.
  • Page 35: Air Filter

    A damaged air filter must always be replaced. A HUSQVARNA chain saw can be equipped with different types of air filter according to working conditions, weather, season, etc. Contact your dealer for advice.
  • Page 36: Lubricating The Bar Tip Sprocket

    MAINTENANCE Lubricating the bar tip sprocket screw should point towards the chosen setting. The diagram shows the setting for flow rate 2. Lubricate the bar tip sprocket each time you refuel. Use the special grease gun and a good quality bearing grease. Recommended settings: Needle bearing lubrication Bar 13"-15":...
  • Page 37: Winter Use

    MAINTENANCE Winter use IMPORTANT! Any maintenance other than that described in this manual must be carried out by your Running problems can occur when using the machine in servicing dealer (retailer). the cold and snowy conditions caused by: • Too low engine temperature. Heated handles •...
  • Page 38: Maintenance Schedule

    MAINTENANCE Maintenance schedule The following is a list of the maintenance steps that must be performed on the machine. Most of the items are described in the Maintenance section. Daily maintenance Weekly maintenance Monthly maintenance Check the brake band on the chain On chain saws without a catalytic brake for wear.
  • Page 39: Technical Data

    TECHNICAL DATA Technical data 272 XP/XPG Engine Cylinder displacement, cm 61,5 72,2 Cylinder bore, mm Stroke, mm 34,0 34,0 Idle speed, rpm 2500 2500 Power, kW/ rpm 2,9/8300 3,6/9300 Ignition system Spark plug Champion RCJ 7Y Champion RCJ 7Y Electrode gap, mm...
  • Page 40: Guide Bar And Saw Chain Combinations

    Husqvarna AB, SE-561 82 Huskvarna, Sweden, tel: +46-36-146500, declares under sole responsibility that the chain saws for forest service Husqvarna 61, 272 XP and 272 XPG from 2013’s serial numbers and onwards (the year is clearly stated in plain text on the type plate with subsequent serial number), are in conformity with the requirements of the COUNCIL’S DIRECTIVES:...
  • Page 44 Original instructions 1153157-26 ´®z+U/h¶6Z¨ ´®z+U/h¶6Z¨ 2015-01-26...

This manual is also suitable for:

272 xpg