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Husqvarna 61, 268, 272XP Operator's Manual

Husqvarna gas chain saw operator's manual
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Operator´s manual
Please read these instructions carefully and make
sure you understand them before using the saw.
101 91 96-26



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  Summary of Contents for Husqvarna 61, 268, 272XP

  • Page 1 61/268/272XP Operator´s manual Please read these instructions carefully and make sure you understand them before using the saw. 101 91 96-26...
  • Page 2: Key To Symbols

    Symbols on the chain saw: CAUTION! Chain saws can be dangerous! Careless or incorrect use can result in serious or fatal injury to the operator or others. Please read the instructions carefully and make sure you understand them before using the saw. Always wear: •...
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Before using a new saw • Read the instructions carefully. • Check cutting equipment is correctly fitted and adjusted. See page 25. • Refuel and start the saw. Check the carburettor settings. See pages 26-29. • Do not use the saw until sufficient chain oil has reached the chain, see page 14.
  • Page 4: Safety Instructions

    PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT MOST CHAIN SAW ACCIDENTS HAPPEN WHEN THE CHAIN TOUCHES THE OPERA- TOR. You must wear approved protective equipment whenever you use a chain saw. Personal protective equipment cannot eliminate the risk of injury but it will reduce the degree of injury if an accident does happen.
  • Page 5 1 Chain brake and front hand guard YOUR chain saw is equipped with a chain brake that is desig- ned to stop the chain immediately if you get a kickback. The chain brake reduces the risk of accidents, but only You can prevent them.
  • Page 6: Chain Catcher

    The way the chain brake is triggered, either manually or automatically, depends on the force of the kickback and the position of the chain saw in relation to the object that the kickback zone of the bar strikes. If you get a violent kickback while the kickback zone of the bar is farthest away from you...
  • Page 7: Stop Switch

    5 Vibration damping system Your chain saw is equipped with a vibration damping system that is designed to minimise vibrations and make operation easier. When you use a chain saw vibrations are generated by the uneven contact between the chain and the wood you are cutting.
  • Page 8: Inspecting, Maintaining And Servicing

    Inspecting, maintaining and servicing chain saw safety equipment SPECIAL TRAINING IS REQUIRED to service and repair chain saws. This is especially true of chain saw safety equipment. If your chain saw fails any of the checks described below take it to your SERVICE AGENT. When you buy any of our products we guarantee the availability of professional repairs and service.
  • Page 9 2 Throttle lock Make sure the throttle control is locked at the idle setting when you release the throttle lock. Press the throttle lock and make sure it returns to its original position when you release it. Check that the throttle control and throttle lock move freely and that the return springs work...
  • Page 10: Cutting Equipment

    7 Muffler Never use a chain saw that has a faulty muffler. Regularly check that the muffler is securely attached to the chain saw. If the muffler on your saw is fitted with a spark arrestor mesh this must be cleaned regularly. A blocked mesh will cause the engine to overheat and may lead to serious...
  • Page 11 1 Cutting equipment designed to minimise kickback Faulty cutting equipment or the wrong combination of bar and chain increases the risk of kickback. Use only the bar and chain combinations recommended in the ”Technical data” section. The only way to avoid kickback is to make sure that the kick- back zone of the bar never touches anything.
  • Page 12 2 Sharpening your chain and adjusting raker clearance The risk of kickback is increased with a badly sharpened chain! A General information on sharpening cutting teeth • Never use a blunt chain. When the chain is blunt you have to exert more pressure to force the bar through the wood and the cuttings will be very small.
  • Page 13: Tensioning The Chain

    C General advice on setting raker clearance • When you sharpen the cutting teeth you reduce the RAKER CLEARANCE (cutting depth). To maintain cutting performance you must file back the raker teeth to the recommended height. See the ”Technical data” section to find the raker clearance for your saw chain.
  • Page 14: Lubricating Cutting Equipment

    SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS 4 Lubricating cutting equipment A Chain oil • Chainsaw chain oil must demonstrate good adhesion to the chain and also maintain its flow caracteristics regardless of whether it is warm summer or cold winter weather. • As a chainsaw manufacturer we have developed an optimal chain oil which, with its vegetable oil base, is also biodegradable.
  • Page 15 C Checking chain lubrication • Check the chain lubrication each time you refuel. Aim the tip of the saw at a light coloured surface about 20 cm away. After 1 minute running at 3/4 throttle you should see a distinct line of oil on the light surface.
  • Page 16: How To Avoid Kickback

    H Bar Check regularly: • Whether there are burrs on the edges of the bar. Remove these with a file if necessary. • Whether the groove in the bar has become badly worn. Replace the bar if necessary. • Whether the tip of the bar is uneven or badly worn.
  • Page 17: General Rules

    General rules If you understand what kickback is and how it happens then you can reduce or eliminate the element of surprise. By being prepared you reduce the risk. Kickback is usually quite mild, but it can sometimes be very sudden and violent.
  • Page 18: General Safety Precautions

    • Move the saw at least 3 m from the refuelling point before starting it. • Never start the chainsaw: If you have spilt fuel or chain oil on the saw. Wipe off the spill and allow remaining fuel to evaporate.
  • Page 19: General Working Instructions

    GENERAL WORKING INSTRUCTIONS This section describes basic safety rules for using a chain saw. This information is no substitute for professional skills and experience. If you get into a situation where you feel unsafe, stop and seek expert advice (look under FORESTRY SERVICES in the telephone directory).
  • Page 20 2 Basic cutting technique General • Always use full throttle when cutting! • Reduce the speed to idle after every cut (running the engine for too long at full throttle without any load can lead to serious engine damage). • Cutting from above = Cutting on the pull stroke. •...
  • Page 21 2 The log is supported at one end. There is a high risk that it will split. A Start by cutting from below (about 1/3 of the way through). B Finish by cutting from above so that the two cuts meet. 3 The log is supported at both ends.
  • Page 22 C Clearing the trunk and preparing your retreat Remove any branches that are in the way. To do this it is best to work from the top down and keep the trunk between you and the chain saw. Never limb above shoulder height.
  • Page 23 We recommend that you use a bar that is longer than the diameter of the tree, so that you can make the FELLING CUT and DIRECTIONAL CUT with single cutting stokes. (See ”Technical data” to find out which lengths of bar are recommended for your saw).
  • Page 24: What Is What

    What is what? 1. Cylinder cover. 2. Front handle. 3. Front hand guard. 4. Starter cover. 5. Chain oil tank. 6. Starter handle. 7. Adjuster screw, carburettor. 8. Choke control 9. Rear handle. 10. Stop switch. Ignition on/off switch. 11. Fuel tank. 12.
  • Page 25: Assembly

    Mounting guide bar and chain Always wear gloves, when working with the chain, in order to protect your hands from injury. Check that the chain brake is in disengaged position by moving the front hand guard towards the front handle. Take off the bar nuts and remove the clutch cover.
  • Page 26: Fuel Handling

    Two-stroke oil • For the best results use HUSQVARNA two-stroke oil, which is especially developed for chain saws. Mixing ratio 1:50 (2%). • If HUSQVARNA two-stroke oil is not available, you may use another two-stroke oil of good quality that is intended for air cooled engines.
  • Page 27: Fuelling

    Fuelling Taking the following precautions, will lessen the risk of fire. • Do not smoke or place warm objects in the vicinity of the fuel. • Always shut off the engine before refuelling. • Slowly open the fuel cap, when filling fuel, so that possible overpressure is slowly released.
  • Page 28: Start And Stop

    Start and stop WARNING! • Never start the saw engine without the bar, chain and clutch cover (chain brake) assembled - or else the clutch can come loose and cause personal injuries. • Always move the saw away from the fueling area before starting.
  • Page 29: Maintenance

    Carburettor Functioning, Basic setting, Final setting WARNING! Do not start the saw without the bar, chain and clutch cover (chain brake) assembled. If you do, the clutch might come loose and cause severe injuries. Operation • The carburettor governs the engine speed via the throttle. Air/ fuel are mixed in the carburettor.
  • Page 30: Starter Device

    Starter device WARNING! • When the recoil spring is assembled in the starter housing, it is in tensioned position and can when treated carelessly, pop out and cause injuries. • Always be careful, when changing the recoil spring or the starter cord. Always wear safety goggles for eye protection.
  • Page 31: Air Filter

    Air filter The air filter must be regularly cleaned from dust and dirt in order to avoid: • Carburettor malfunctions • Starting problems • Engine power reduction • Unnecessary wear on the engine parts • Abnormal fuel consumption Clean the air filter daily or more often if the air is exceptionally dusty in the working area.
  • Page 32: Needle Bearing Maintenance

    Needle bearing maintenance The clutch drum is equipped with one of the following chain sprockets: • Spur sprocket (A) (the chain sprocket is welded on the drum) • Rim sprocket (B) (exchangeable) Both versions have built-in needle bearing at the drive shaft, whitch has to be greased regularly (once a week).
  • Page 33: Daily Maintenance

    Below you will find some general maintenance instructions. If you have more questions, contact your servicing dealer. Daily maintenance 1. Check that all the components of the throttle control operate safely (i.e. throttle lock, throttle lever and start throttle lock). 2.
  • Page 34: Technical Data

    Note 2: Equivalent vibration level is, according to ISO 7505, calculated as the time-weighted energy total for vibration levels under various working conditions with the following time distribution: 1/3 idle, 1/3 max. load, 1/3 max. speed. Husqvarna H42 Husqvarna H42 Husqvarna H42 Husqvarna H42...
  • Page 35: 272Xp

    Note 2: Equivalent vibration level is, according to ISO 7505, calculated as the time-weighted energy total for vibration levels under various working conditions with the following time distribution: 1/3 idle, 1/3 max. load, 1/3 max. speed. Husqvarna H42 Husqvarna H42 Husqvarna H42 Husqvarna H42...
  • Page 36 We, Husqvarna AB, S-561 82 Huskvarna, Sweden, tel: +46-36-146500, declare under sole responsibility that the chain saws Husqvarna 61, 268 and 272XP/XPG from 1997’s serial numbers and onwards (the year is clearly stated in plain text on the type plate with subsequent serial number), are in conformity with the following standards or other normative documents following the provisions in the COUNCIL’S DIRECTIVES:...
  • Page 37 English –...
  • Page 38 ´*33^¶6\¨ – English...
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  • Page 40 ´*33^¶6\¨ – English 2001W08...