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Husqvarna 61 268 272XP Operator's Manual

Chain saw
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Oper ator ' s manual
61 268 272XP
Please r ead the operator's manual carefully and make sure you
E E E E n n n n g g g g l l l l i i i i s s s s h h h h
understand the instructions before using the machine.



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  Summary of Contents for Husqvarna 61 268 272XP

  • Page 1 Oper ator ′ s manual 61 268 272XP Please r ead the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you E E E E n n n n g g g g l l l l i i i i s s s s h h h h...
  • Page 2: Key To Symbols

    KEY T O SYMBOLS Symbols on the mac hine: Symbols in the operator’ s manual: W ARNING! Chain saws can be Switch off the engine b y moving the stop dangerous! Careless or incorrect use can switch to the STOP position before carrying result in serious or fatal injury to the out any checks or maintenance.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS Contents KEY TO SYMBOLS Symbols on the machine: ..........2 Symbols in the operator’s manual: ........ 2 CONTENTS Contents ............... 3 INTR ODUCTION Dear Customer , ............. 4 WHA T IS WHAT? What is what on the chain sa w? ........5 GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS Bef ore using a new chain saw ........
  • Page 4: Intr Oduction

    Dear Customer , Cong ratulations on your choice to buy a Husqvarna product! Husqvarna is based on a tradition that dates back to 1689, when the Swedish King Karl XI ordered the construction of a factory on the banks of the Husqvarna River, for production of muskets. The location was logical, since water power was harnessed from the Huskvarna River to create the water-powered plant.
  • Page 5: Wha T Is What

    WHA T IS WHA T? What is what on the c hain saw? 1 Cylinder cover 16 Spike bumper 2 Front handle 17 Chain catcher 3 Front hand guard 18 Clutch cover 4 Starter 19 Right hand guard 5 Chain oil tank 20 Throttle control 6 Starter handle 21 Throttle lockout...
  • Page 6: General Safety Preca Utions

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS Bef ore using a new chain saw Impor tant • Please read this manual carefully. IMPOR TANT! • Check that the cutting equipment is correctly fitted and adjusted. See instructions under the heading Assembly. The machine is only designed for cutting wood. •...
  • Page 7: Personal Protective Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS chain sa w usage if possible. Your dealer, forestry school or • Fire Extinguisher and Shovel your library can provide information about which training materials and courses are available. Generally clothes should be close-fitting without restricting your freedom of movement.
  • Page 8 GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS • The chain brake (A) can either be activated manually (by • To release the chain brake pull the front hand guard your left hand) or automatically by the inertia release backwards, towards the front handle. mechanism.
  • Page 9: Chain Catcher

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECA UTIONS Throttle lockout • In the felling position the left hand is in a position that makes manual activation of the chain brake impossible. The throttle lockout is designed to prevent accidental With this type of grip, that is when the left hand is placed operation of the throttle control.
  • Page 10: Cutting Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Vibration damping system Muffler Your machine is equipped with a vibration damping system The muffler is designed to keep noise levels to a minimum and that is designed to minimize vibration and make operation to direct exhaust fumes away from the user. easier.
  • Page 11: General Rules

    Some terms that describe the bar and chain To maintain the safety features of the cutting equipment, you should replace a worn or damaged bar or chain with a bar and chain combinations recommended by Husqvarna. See • Maintain the correct depth gauge setting! Follow our...
  • Page 12: Sharpening Your Chain And Adjusting Depth Gauge Setting

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Chain 3 File position • Chain pitch (inches) 4 Round file diameter • Drive link width (mm/inches) It is very difficult to sharpen a chain correctly without the right equipment. We recommend that you use our file gauge. This will help you obtain the maximum kickback reduction and cutting performance from your chain.
  • Page 13: Tensioning The Chain

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Tensioning the chain • File all the teeth to the same length. When the length of the cutting teeth is reduced to 4 mm (0.16") the chain is worn out and should be replaced. WARNING! A slack chain may jump off and cause serious or even fatal injury.
  • Page 14: Lubricating Cutting Equipment

    GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Lubricating cutting equipment Checking chain lubrication • Check the chain lubrication each time you refuel. See instructions under the heading Lubricating the bar tip WARNING! Poor lubrication of cutting sprocket. equipment may cause the chain to snap, which could lead to serious, even fatal Aim the tip of the bar at a light coloured surface about 20 injuries.
  • Page 15 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Chain drive sprocket Check regularly: The clutch drum is fitted with one of the following drive sprockets: • Whether there are burrs on the edges of the bar. Remove these with a file if necessary. A Spur sprocket (the chain sprocket is welded on the drum) B Rim sprocket (replaceable) •...
  • Page 16: Assembly

    ASSEMBLY Fitting the bar and chain Tension the chain by turning the chain tensioning screw clockwise using the combination spanner. The chain should be tensioned until it does not sag from the underside of the bar. WARNING! Always wear gloves, when working with the chain.
  • Page 17: Fuel Handling

    Then add the entire amount of oil. Mix (shake) the Environment fuel fuel mixture. Add the remaining amount of petrol. HUSQVARNA recommends the use of alkylate fuel, either • Mix (shake) the fuel mixture thoroughly before filling the Aspen two-stroke fuel or environmental fuel for four-stroke machine’s fuel tank.
  • Page 18: Fuelling

    FUEL HANDLING Fuelling Fuel safety • Never refuel the machine while the engine is running. • Make sure there is plenty of ventilation when refuelling or mixing fuel (petrol and 2-stroke oil). • Move the machine at least 3 m from the refuelling point WARNING! Taking the following precautions, before starting it.
  • Page 19: Starting And Stopping

    STARTING AND STOPPING Starting and stopping Warm engine Use the same starting procedure as for a cold engine but WARNING! Note the following before without setting the choke control in the choke position. starting: Never start a chain saw unless the bar, chain and all covers are fitted correctly.
  • Page 20: Starting And Stopping

    STARTING AND STOPPING Reactivate the chain brake by pushing the front hand guard • Always hold the saw with both hands. The right hand back towards the front handle. The chain saw is now ready for should be on the rear handle, and the left hand on the front use.
  • Page 21: Working Techniques

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Before use: Basic safety rules 1 Look around you: • To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot affect your control of the machine. • To make sure that none of the above might come within reach of your saw or be injured by falling trees. 1 Check that the chain brake works correctly and is not damaged.
  • Page 22: General Rules

    WORKING TECHNIQUES 5 Take great care when cutting a tree that is in tension. A 3 Most kickback accidents happen during limbing. Make tree that is in tension may spring back to its normal sure you are standing firmly and that there is nothing in the way that might make you trip or lose your balance.
  • Page 23 WORKING TECHNIQUES 6 Always use a fast cutting speed, i.e. full throttle. Terms 7 Take great care when you cut with the top edge of the bar, Cutting = General term for cutting through wood. i.e. when cutting from the underside of the object. This is Limbing = Cutting branches off a felled tree.
  • Page 24 WORKING TECHNIQUES Limbing If it is possible (can you turn the log?) stop cutting about 2/3 of the way through the log. When limbing thick branches you should use the same approach as for cutting. Cut difficult branches piece by piece. Turn the log and finish the cut from the opposite side.
  • Page 25: Tree Felling Technique

    WORKING TECHNIQUES Tree felling technique The main point to avoid is letting the tree fall onto another tree. It is very dangerous to remove a trapped tree and there is high accident risk. See instructions under the heading Freeing a IMPORTANT! It takes a lot of experience to fell a tree.
  • Page 26 WORKING TECHNIQUES Felling Felling cut The felling cut is made from the opposite side of the tree and it must be perfectly horizontal. Stand on the left side of the WARNING! Unless you have special training tree and cut on the pull stroke. we advise you not to fell trees with a diameter larger than the bar length of your Make the felling cut about 3-5 cm (1.5-2 inches) above the...
  • Page 27: Freeing A Tree That Has Fallen Badly

    WORKING TECHNIQUES When the felling cut and directional cut are complete the tree Never work in the risk zone of the hanging trapped tree. should start to fall by itself or with the aid of a felling wedge or breaking bar. We recommend that you use a bar that is longer than the The safest method is to use a winch.
  • Page 28: How To Avoid Kickback

    WORKING TECHNIQUES If you must cut across tree/limb, make two to three cuts, one Kickback only occurs if the kickback zone of the bar touches inch apart, one to two inches deep. an object. Continue to cut deeper until tree/limb bends and tension is released.
  • Page 29: Maintenance

    Changing the type of fuel Fine tuning may be required if the chain saw, after changing the type of fuel, performs differently with regard to starting, Your Husqvarna product has been designed and acceleration, maximum speed, etc. manufactured to specifications that reduce harmful emissions.
  • Page 30: Checking, Maintaining And Servicing Chain Saw Safety Equipment

    MAINTENANCE High speed jet H Checking the front hand guard At the factory the engine is adjusted at sea level. When working at a high altitude or in different weather conditions, temperatures and atmospheric humidity, it Make sure the front hand guard is not damaged and that there may be necessary to make minor adjustments to the high are no visible defects such as cracks.
  • Page 31: Throttle Lockout

    MAINTENANCE Checking the brake trigger • Check that the throttle control and throttle lockout move freely and that the return springs work properly. Place the chain saw on firm ground and start it. Make sure the chain does not touch the ground or any other object. See the instructions under the heading Start and stop.
  • Page 32: Muffler

    MAINTENANCE Stop switch Note! The mesh must be replaced if it is damaged. If the mesh is blocked the machine will overheat and this will cause damage to the cylinder and piston. Never use a machine with a muffler that is in poor condition. Never use a muffler if the spark arrestor mesh is missing or defective.
  • Page 33: Air Filter

    If the spring pops out during fitting, A HUSQVARNA chain saw can be equipped with different wind it up again, working from the outside in towards centre.
  • Page 34: Spark Plug

    MAINTENANCE Spark plug Needle bearing lubrication The clutch drum has a needle bearing on the output shaft. The spark plug condition is influenced by: This needle bearing must be lubricated regularly (once a • Incorrect carburettor adjustment. week). • An incorrect fuel mixture (too much or incorrect type of When lubricating, remove the clutch cover by loosening the oil).
  • Page 35: Cooling System

    MAINTENANCE Temperature -5° ° ° ° C or colder: Cooling system To keep the working temperature as low as possible the If the chain saw is to be used in cold weather or powder snow machine is equipped with a cooling system. conditions a special cover can be fitted to the starter unit.
  • Page 36: Maintenance Schedule

    MAINTENANCE Maintenance schedule The following is a list of the maintenance that must be performed on the machine. Most of the items are described in the Maintenance section. Daily maintenance Weekly maintenance Monthly maintenance Check the brake band on the chain brake On chain saws without a catalytic for wear.
  • Page 37: Technical Data

    TECHNICAL DATA Technical data 272XP Engine Cylinder displacement, cm 61,5 72,2 Cylinder bore, mm Stroke, mm 34,0 34,0 34,0 Idle speed, rpm 2500 2500 2500 Power, kW/ rpm 2,9/8300 3,2/9000 3,6/9300 Ignition system Manufacturer of ignition system Type of ignition system Spark plug Champion RCJ 7Y Champion RCJ 7Y...
  • Page 38: Bar And Chain Combinations

    Husqvarna AB, SE-561 82 Huskvarna, Sweden, tel: +46-36-146500, declares under sole responsibility that the chain saws Husqvarna 61, 268 and 272XP from 2005's serial numbers and onwards (the year is clearly stated in plain text on the type plate with subsequent serial number), are in conformity with the requirements of the COUNCIL'S DIRECTIVES: - of June 22, 1998 ”relating to machinery”...
  • Page 40 1150314-26 ´®z+R?J¶6Q¨ ´®z+R?J¶6Q¨ 2006-10-26...

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