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Honda Harmony H2013HDA Owner's Manual

Honda lawn mower user manual
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Table of Contents
wner's Manual
Lawn Tractor
H2013SDA & H2013HDA
©1996 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. - All Rights Reserved


Table of Contents

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  • Page 1 Manual Lawn Tractor H2013SDA & H2013HDA ©1996 American Honda Motor Co., Inc. - All Rights Reserved...
  • Page 2 The information effect at the time of approval for printing. Honda Power Equipment Mfg., Inc. reserves the right, however, to discontinue specifications incurring any obligation whatever. a permanent...
  • Page 3 Congratulations on your selection of the Honda H2013 lawn tractor. We are certain you will be pleased with your purchase. We want to help you get the best results from your new lawn tractor and to operate it safely. This manualcontains how to do that;...
  • Page 4 INTRODUCTION SAFETY MESSAGES Your safety and the safety of others is very important. We have provided important safety messages in this manual and on the lawn tractor. Please read these messages carefully. A safety message alerts you to potential hazards that can hurt you and others.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Turn to the beginning LAWN TRACTOR SAFETY ............. . . 5 Important information what you can do to prevent injury.
  • Page 7: Lawn Tractor Safety

    This chapter explains what you need to know to operate your lawn tractor safely. IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION Avoid Rotating Blades ... Clear Mowing Area ... Keep Shields in Place..Refuel with Care ... Wear Protective Clothing ... Turn Engine Off When Not Operating the Lawn Tractor..7 Operation on Slopes..
  • Page 8: Important Safety Information

    LAWN TRACTOR IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION Most accidents with lawn tractors can be prevented instructions in this manual and on the lawn tractor. The most common hazards, according to accident statistics, are discussed with the best way to protect yourself and others. Avoid Rotating Blades A rotating blade can cause serious cuts and even amputate fingers, hands, toes, or feet.
  • Page 9: Refuel With Care

    Refuel with Care Gasoline is extremely flammable, and gasoline vapor can explode. Allow the engine to cool if the lawn tractor has been in operation. Refuel only outdoors in a well-ventilated Never fill the fuel tank beyond the maximum fill mark. Never smoke near gasoline, and keep other flames and sparks away.
  • Page 10: Safety Label Locations

    LAWN TRACTOR SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS These labels warn you of potential hazards that can cause serious injury. Read them carefully. read, contact your Honda lawn tractor dealer for a replacement. 1 SHARPBLADE 1 You will be seriously cut by the rotatin Keep hands I when engine SAFETY...
  • Page 11 . Improperly driving on slopes or uneven terrain can cause the mower to tip over and you can be sedously hurt or killed. Objects hidden in the lawn can be thrown by the blade and can cause serious injury. Read “Mower Safety” and “Safe Mowing Tips” in your Ownets N The rotating blade can cause serious injury Keep hands and feet away from the mower deck Stop engine before leaving operator’s position.
  • Page 12: Child Safety: A Message To Parents

    LAWN TRACTOR CHILD SAFETY: A MESSAGE TO PARENTS YOUR CHILD’S SAFETY IS VERY IMPORTANT message if you decide to permit your youngster tractor. Lawn tractors are tools, not toys. As with any equipment, judgments can result in serious injuries. You can help prevent accidents by making good decisions about if, when, and how your youngster...
  • Page 13: Controls

    This section helps you to identity the lawn tractor controls, what they do, and how they work. CONTROL LOCATIONS OF CONTROLS ... DESCRIPTION Seat..Fuel Valve ... Ignition Switch ... Shift Lever ... Height Adjustment Clutch Pedal (gear transmission Brake Pedal ...
  • Page 14: Control Locations

    CONTROLS CONTROL LOCATIONS Use the two illustrations most frequently used controls. on these pages to locate and identify the [l] PTO CLUTCH LEVER [2] TRANSMISSION SHIFT LEVER [Cl] IGNITION SWITCH [S] BRAKE PEDAL...
  • Page 15 CONTROLS [1] THROITLE LEVER / CHOKE [2] FUEL VALVE (under engine hood, on carburetor) [3] PARKING BRAKE LEVER [4] CLUTCH PEDAL (gear transmission model only) [5] SEAT LOCK ROD (under seat) [S] MOWER DECK HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT LEVER m TRANSMISSION RELEASE LEVER (hydrostatic transmission model) 771NABABCDR...
  • Page 16: Description Of Controls

    CONTROLS DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS You will use these controls every time you operate the lawn tractor. Your lawn tractor uses colors to identify control types. Orange levers and knobs are used to control the movement of the lawn tractor. For example, the parking brake lever, throttle lever, and shift lever are color coded orange.
  • Page 17: Shift Lever

    Shift Lever Gear Transmission Model: This lever is used to control the ground speed. Gears l-3 are typically used when mowing. 4th and 5th gears are used when transporting the lawn tractor and REVERSE is used when backing up. Hydrostatic Transmission lever is used to control ground speed with infinite adjustment.
  • Page 18: Brake Pedal

    CONTROLS Brake Pedal Gear Transmission pedal applies a brake to the rear wheels. The brake pedal is linked to the clutch pedal. When the brake pedal is pressed down, the clutch pedal is also pressed down. When the brake pedal is released, it should be released first, then the clutch pedal.
  • Page 19: Parking Brake Lever

    Parking Brake Lever This lever is used to prevent movement of the lawn tractor when parked. The parking brake lever should always be set before getting off the lawn tractor. The parking brake lever should be released before moving the shift lever into any gear.
  • Page 20: Pto Clutch Lever

    CONTROLS PTO Clutch Lever PTO stands for Power Takeoff and refers to the part of your lawn tractor where engine power is applied to an attachment mower deck) through a belt. In this manual, all references to the PTO assume the PTO is used to power the mower deck. The forward position is ON;...
  • Page 21 This chapter explains how to fuel and check your lawn tractor to be sure it is ready, and it tells you how to prepare your lawn and yourself before you begin mowing. CHECK YOUR LAWN ... Objects ... People and Pets ... Lawn..
  • Page 22: Check Your Lawn

    BEFORE OPERATION There are three areas to be checked before using the lawn tractor: Check Your Lawn Check Your Lawn Tractor Are YOU Ready to Mow? These are described CHECK YOUR LAWN For your safety and the safety of others, always inspect the area before mowing.
  • Page 23: Check Your Lawn Tractor

    CHECK YOUR LAWN TRACTOR For your safety and the service life of your equipment, .always inspect your lawn tractor before using it. Before beginning checks, be sure: The lawn tractor is parked on a level surface. The PTO clutch lever is OFF and the shift lever is in NEUTRAL. The ignition switch is OFF and the key is removed.
  • Page 24: Tire Pressure

    Insert the dipstick as shown here (don’t screw it back in). If the oil level is low (near the bottom), add enough of the recommended bring the level to the upper limit. Recheck the oil level after adding any new oil. If the oil level is close to the upper limit mark, no additional needed.
  • Page 25: Brake Pedal

    Brake Pedal (Gear Transmission Model) Verify that the clutch pedal operates when the brake pedal is pressed, and that there is not excessive freeplay in the brake pedal. Also inspect the brake wear indicator (page 78). (Hydrostatic Transmission Model) Move the shift lever out of NEUTRAL. Press the brake pedal all the way down.
  • Page 26: Fuel

    BEFORE OPERATION Fuel Capacity: 1.3 US gal (5.3 !) Minimum pump octane rating: 86 Refueling Refuel in a well-ventilated starting the engine. If the engine has been running, allow it to cool before refueling. Avoid overfilling or spilling fuel. Fuel the lawn tractor with pump octane 86 or better unleaded fuel (see page 73).
  • Page 27: Before Operation

    Cooling Air Intake Path and Air Filters Raise the engine hood (page 63), then make sure the cooling air intake screen on the front of the engine is clear of grass and debris. Inspect the engine air cleaner filter elements (page 64) for damage or excessive dirt and dust.
  • Page 28 Mulching, Side-discharge, The mower deck on your lawn tractor was manufactured blades for side-discharge convert your mower for mulching. SIDE-DISCHARGING Your mower deck is a side-discharge purchase and have the optional mulching kit installed. operator’s manual supplied with the kit for specific installation operation instructions.
  • Page 29: Operation

    Blades Make sure the mower deck blades are in good condition and the blade bolts are properly tightened. The blades are subject to wear during operation and should be inspected each time the lawn tractor is used. Dull blades can be sharpened, but a blade that is worn out, bent, cracked, or otherwise damaged must be replaced.
  • Page 30: Are You Ready To Mow

    BEFORE OPERATION ARE YOU READY TO MOW? Your safety is your responsibility. significantly reduce your risk. Knowledge Read and understand how to operate them. Familiarize yourself with the lawn tractor and its operation before you begin mowing. Know what to do in case of emergencies. Clothing Wearing protective Long pants and eye protection...
  • Page 31 This chapter tells you how to operate the lawn tractor safely and effectively. MOWING PRECAUTIONS STARTING THE ENGINE ... DRIVING THE LAWN TRACTOR ... Steering..Braking..Adjusting Ground Speeds ... Mowing ... STOPPING THE LAWN TRACTOR ... Stop ... Emergency Normal Stop ...
  • Page 32: Mowing Precautions

    OPERATION MOWING PRECAUTIONS Before operating the lawn tractor for the first time, please review the IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION previous section, titled Even if you have operated other lawn tractors, take time to become familiar with how this lawn tractor works, and practice in a safe area until you build up your skills.
  • Page 33: Starting The Engine

    STARTING THE ENGINE Start the engine outside in an open area with good ventilation. 1. Locate the fuel valve on the carburetor, under the engine hood. Move the fuel valve to ON. Lower the engine hood and sit in the operator’s seat.
  • Page 34 OPERATION Holding the ignition key in the START position for more than five seconds may damage the starter. If the engine fails to start, wait at least ten seconds before trying again. If you can’t get the engine to start after multiple tries, refer Troubleshooting After the engine has started, slowly move the throttle lever from CHOKE to a point halfway between SLOW and FAST while the...
  • Page 35: Driving The Lawn Tractor

    IRIVING THE LAWN TRACTOR Ince the lawn tractor is moving forward, you’ll need. to know how to ;teer correctly, adjust speed, begin mowing, and how to stop. Steering To make it easier to cut various lawns, your lawn tractor is very naneuverable and can turn quickly.
  • Page 36: Braking

    OPERATION Braking For best control, avoid stopping the lawn tractor on sloped surfaces. Gear Transmission Model 1. When approaching press the clutch pedal all the way down, and hold it there. If necessary, press the brake pedal down, but only do this when the clutch pedal is pressed first.
  • Page 37: Adjusting Ground Speeds

    idjusting Ground Speeds (our Honda lawn tractor is equipped with a transmission nultiple ground speeds. The shift lever is used to select the appropriate ground speed for the task at hand. when you need to speed up or slow down the lawn tractor, use the ;hift lever (not the throttle) to change the ground speed.
  • Page 38 OPERATION Always use the clutch pedal when shifting gears. The lawn tractor pulls away from a complete stop in any gear. This means you can start off from a complete stop when any gear is selected. Keep the shift lever in the MOWING range (gears 1-3) when actually mowing grass.
  • Page 39: Mowing

    ADJUSTING FORWARD SPEED 1. To make the lawn tractor move faster when moving forward, push the shift lever forward, away from NEUTRAL. 2. To slow down, pull the shift lever back toward NEUTRAL. ADJUSTING REVERSE SPEED 1. To make the lawn tractor move faster in REVERSE, pull the shift lever backward, away from NEUTRAL.
  • Page 40: Stopping The Lawn Tractor

    OPERATION STOPPING THE LAWN TRACTOR Emergency Stop 1. Press the brake pedal all the way down and hold it there. Turn the ignition switch to OFF. Disengage PTO clutch lever. Set the parking brake. Normal Stop 1. Bring the lawn tractor to a full stop. GEAR TRANSMISSION the brake pedal to stop the lawn tractor.
  • Page 41: Safe Mowing Practices

    ‘t-y to park on level ground. If you must park the lawn tractor on a lope, set the parking brake and block the wheels to prevent the lawn *actor from rolling. Always remove the key when leaving the lawn *actor unattended to prevent unauthorized iAFE MOWING PRACTICES :or your safety, keep all four wheels on the ground, and be careful to...
  • Page 42: Operation On Slopes

    OPERATION Operation on Slopes Never mow on a sloped surface greater than 10 degrees (17% grade), since this can cause the lawn tractor to tip over. Use a lower gear for better control, and avoid sudden stops or starts when on a sloped surface.
  • Page 43: Obstacles

    Starting on a Sloped Surface traction and tip over. The lawn tractor can fall on you and cause serious injury or death. Use the following procedure if you must start the lawn tractor on a sloped GEAR TRANSMISSION Press the clutch pedal first, then the brake pedal, all the way down.
  • Page 44: Gravel And Loose Objects

    OPERATION If a blade hits something, vibrate, stop the engine immediately objects may damage a blade, belt, and/or break the mower deck or other components. A worn, cracked, or damaged blade can break, and pieces of the damaged blade can become dangerous projectiles.
  • Page 45: Mowing Tips

    MOWING TIPS Here are some tips for getting a quality cut with your lawn tractor. When to Mow A well-groomed lawn requires mowing at short, regular intervals. During the growing season, a lawn may require mowing twice a week. Cutting Height To adjust the height of the mower deck, grip the mower deck height adjustment...
  • Page 46: Ground Speed

    OPERATION Ground Speed Keep the shift lever in the MOWING range for best results. Slow the ground speed of the lawn tractor when mowing taller grass. Always use the shift lever to control the ground speed, never the throttle. Cutting Width Allow an adequate amount of overlap in the cutting path when mowing.
  • Page 47: Blade Sharpness

    Blade Sharpness Sharp blades cut cleanly. Dull blades tear grass, leaving shredded ends that turn brown. When the blades don’t cut cleanly anymore, have them sharpened Grass and Moisture Mow when the grass is dry. Mowing wet grass does not produce a neat finish.
  • Page 48: Mowing Patterns

    OPERATION Mowing Patterns Your Honda lawn tractor will work most efficiently if you use the following mowing patterns as much as possible. Mower deck and equipment design, and the direction in which the blade rotates, cause these mowing patterns to give the best results. Mulching (optional kit) Use a counterclockwise shape, or many obstacles,...
  • Page 49: After Mowing

    AFTER MOWING Under most conditions, dirt and other debris on the mower deck and other areas. Frequently, such debris contains moisture, which if allowed to remain on the mower frame, mower deck or other metal parts, can form rust. Regular cleaning not only helps prevent such rusting, but also makes the lawn tractor operate better.
  • Page 50: Towing

    OPERATION TOWING An optional rear hitch kit is available from your Honda lawn tractor dealer. This hitch is specifically use any other type of hitch on the lawn tractor. Towing Safety When the optional hitch is installed and you use a trailer or other attachment, pay attention to these important points for safe operation.
  • Page 51: Towing Weight Limits

    Towing Weight Limits Always adhere to the weight limits when towing a trailer or attachment with the lawn tractor. Maximum Allowable Weight Maximum allowable weight for the trailer or attachment carried by the trailer or attachment: On a flat surface ........500 Ibs (227 kg) On a grade (10 degrees or less) .
  • Page 54: Transporting

    TRANSPORTING BEFORE LOADING 1. If your lawn tractor is equipped with an optional grass bag kit, remove the bags, hopper cover, lower and upper chute. The rear support arms are bolted directly to the lawn tractor and may remain in place when transporting. If the engine has been running, allow it to cool for at least 15 minutes before loading the lawn tractor.
  • Page 55: Maintenance

    This chapter explains when and how to perform routine inspection, service, and adjustments maintenance tasks should be done by a servicing dealer. This dealer is best equipped and staffed to provide the level of service and safety you and your lawn tractor deserve. THE IMPORTANCE SAFETY ...
  • Page 56 MAINTENANCE BLADES ... Blade Inspection..Blade Installation.. MOWER DECK LEVEL INSPECTION Preparation..BELTS ... Blade Belt..Drive Belt ... TIRES AND WHEELS ... Jack Points..Front Wheels..Rear Wheels ... OTHER ITEMS ... Hydrostatic Fluid Reservoir (hydrostatic Clutch Pedal Freeplay (gear transmission Lubrication Points..
  • Page 57: The Importance Of Maintenance

    THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE Good maintenance is essential for safe, economical, operation. It will also help reduce air pollution. To help you properly care for your lawn tractor, the following pages include a maintenance simple maintenance tasks that are more difficult, or require special tools, are best handled by professionals and are normally performed by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic.
  • Page 58: Maintenance Safety

    MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE Some of the most important safety precautions cannot warn you of every conceivable performing maintenance. should perform a given task. Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions you to be seriously Always follow the procedures orecautions Safety Precautions Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance repairs.
  • Page 59 Read the instructions the tools and skills required. To reduce the possibility working around gasoline. Use only a nonflammable gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related For certain operations, ground. Be sure the lawn tractor is solidly supported put any part of your body under the lawn tractor.
  • Page 60: Emission Control System

    MAINTENANCE 1 EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM Source of Emissions The combustion process produces carbon monoxide, nitrogen, and hydrocarbons. nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, react to form photochemical Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic. The California Clean Air Act California regulations...
  • Page 61: Proper Maintenance Is The Owner's Responsibility

    PROPER MAINTENANCE RESPONSIBILITY Replacement Parts The emission control systems on your new Honda engine were designed, built, and certified to conform with California emission regulations. Honda recommends parts or their equivalent. are not of equivalent emission control system. Maintenance Follow the Maintenance schedule is based on the assumption for its designed purpose.
  • Page 62: Schedule

    MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE Item Engine oil Air filter elements Coolina air intake & muffler Muffler area Cooling fan screen Battery electrolvte Tires & air pressure Mower deck belt Drive belt Brake medal Blade condition Blade bolts Blade bolts Brake pedal freeplay Front &...
  • Page 63: Maintenance Access Points

    MAINTENANCE ACCESS POINTS Refer to the illustrations maintenance items and service points. CARBUitETOR OIL DRAIN BOLT ANTl-SCALS, ROLLERS on this page for the locations of specific (under seat) BAlTERY FUEL CAP & IsSHAPED (mower deck removal) OIL DIPSTICK I FILLER COOLING INTAKE FRONT...
  • Page 64: Seat

    MAINTENANCE Seat To access the battery compartment must raise and lock the seat. Raising and Locking the Seat On the left side of the lawn tractor, just below the seat cushion, there is a spring loaded seat lock rod. Pull the pin outward and away from the seat, then raise the seat up.
  • Page 65: Engine Hood

    Engine Hood The engine hood must be raised to perform some maintenance procedures on the lawn tractor. Raising the Engine Hood 1. Near the base of the steering wheel is a recess between the body and engine hood. Grab the engine hood only at this point, then pull it up and forward until it stops.
  • Page 66: Engine

    MAINTENANCE ENGINE With the engine hood open, there are a number of items available for inspection and service. Air Cleaner Service Check that the air filter elements are clean and in good condition. Dirty air filter elements restrict air flow to the engine, reducing performance.
  • Page 67 6. Oil the foam element by dipping it in clean engine oil and squeezing out all excess oil. If too much oil is left in the foam, the engine may smoke when started. 7. Clean the paper element by tapping it on a hard surface to knock off dirt or by blowing compressed kPa) through the element from the inside.
  • Page 68: Engine Oil

    MAINTENANCE Engine Oil Engine oil capacity: 1.16 US quarts (1 .l ! ) Recommended Use a 4-stroke motor oil that meets or exceeds the requirements for API service classification SF, SG, or equivalent. Always check the API SERVICE label on the oil container to be sure it includes the letters SF, SG, or...
  • Page 69 6. Fill the engine with the correct amount of the recommended through the oil filler tube. Do not overfill; measure the oil level as shown on page 21. Replace the oil filler cap. 7. Verify that there is no oil leaking from the drain bolt. Please dispose of used motor oil and the oil containers manner that is compatible with the environment.
  • Page 70: Spark Plug

    MAINTENANCE Spark Plug Recommended NGK: BPR5ES ND: WlGEPR-U Spark plugs of the wrong size or incorrect heat range can cause engine damage. Removal, Inspection and Replacement For good performance, and be free of deposits. 1. Raise the engine hood, then disconnect the spark plug cap, and remove any dirt from around the spark plug area.
  • Page 71 Install the spark plug carefully, by hand, to avoid cross-threading. Use a spark plug wrench to tighten the plug enough to compress the washer. For a used plug, tighten l/8 to 114 of a turn after the spark plug seats. For a new plug, tighten l/2 turn after the spark plug seats.
  • Page 72: Fuel System Maintenance

    FUEL SYSTEM MAINTENANCE Idle Speed Adjustment Perform this adjustment or rough, and you’re sure the air filter and spark plug are in good condition. You must have an accurate tachometer properly measure engine speed. 1. Start the engine in an area with adequate ventilation monoxide poisoning.
  • Page 73: Fuel Filter Inspection And Replacement

    ‘uel Filter Inspection and Replacement le suggest you perform this procedure when the fuel tank is nearly mptv. . Raise the engine hood. Locate the carburetor on the left side of the engine. Move the fuel valve to ON (page 14). Locate the drain screw on the back side of the carburetor.
  • Page 74: Carburetor Modification For High Altitude Operation

    MAINTENANCE Carburetor Modification for Higln Altitude Operation At high altitude, the standard carburetor air-fuel mixture will be too rich. Performance will decrease, and fuel consumption .very rich mixture will also foul the spark plug and cause hard starting. High altitude performance to the carburetor.
  • Page 75: Fuel Recommendations

    Fuel Recommendations Use unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher. This engine is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline. Unleaded gasoline produces fewer engine and spark plug deposits and extends exhaust system life. Never use stale or contaminated Avoid getting dirt or water in the fuel tank.
  • Page 76: Electrical

    ELECTRICAL Battery Service Your lawn tractor charging system charges the battery while the engine is running. However, if the lawn tractor is only used periodically, the battery must be charged monthly to maintain the battery service life. A lead-acid battery self-discharges the lawn tractor is not operated for a month, the battery can discharge as much as 30%.
  • Page 77 Inspection 1. Raise and lock the seat. Remove the battery cell caps. Inspect the electrolyte should cover all the plates. If any plates are not covered, add distilled water as necessary. i?emovai To charge the battery, follow the procedures 1. Raise and lock the seat. Remove the negative (-) cable from the battery negative (-) terminal, then remove the positive (+) cable from the battery positive (+) terminal.
  • Page 78: Fuse Replacement

    MAINTENANCE Installation 1. With the seat raised and locked, install the battery in the compartment. The battery terminals should face the rear. Install the positive (+) cable on the battery positive (+) terminal; then install the negative (-) cable on the battery negative (-) terminal, then lower and lock the seat.
  • Page 79: Brake

    BRAKE Before performing any maintenance lawn tractor on a flat, level surface. Release the parking brake, remove the ignition key and disconnect Brake Pedal Freeplay Inspection Gear Transmission Model 1. Place a ruler along the brake pedal arm. Get a helper to hold the clutch pedal all the way down.
  • Page 80: Brake Pedal Freeplay Adjustment (Gear Transmission Model)

    MAINTENANCE Brake Pedal Freeplay Adjustment (gear transmission model) 1. Locate the brake assembly and adjustment nut, located outside the left rear side of the frame. Tighten the adjustment resistance is felt, then turn it back 3/4 turn. Adjust so freeplay is l- l/4 - l-3/4 inch (32 - 36 mm).
  • Page 81: Mower Deck

    MOWER DECK Use this section to adjust the anti-scalp and install the mower deck. Adjusting the Anti-scalp Rollers The two anti-scalp roller wheels help prevent the mower blades from gouging or scalping high spots on the lawn. The mower deck is designed to float across the lawn, and it is important to set the anti- scalp rollers correctly.
  • Page 82: Removing The Mower Deck

    MAINTENANCE Removing the Mower Deck Place the lawn tractor on a solid, level surface. Engage the parking brake, put the shift lever in NEUTRAL and move the PTO lever to OFF. Disconnect the spark plug cap, and remove the ignition key to prevent accidental If the optional grass bag kit is installed, refer to the operator’s manual for the grass bag kit, and remove the lower chute from the...
  • Page 83 10. On the right outside of the frame (near the engine crankshaft pulley) locate a single, silver-colored guard in place. Loosen, but don’t remove the bolt. 11. Move the blade belt guard up and away from the pulley, while pulling the blade belt off the engine crankshaft 12.
  • Page 84 MAINTENANCE 14. Locate the J-shaped mower deck brackets. From the left side of the mower deck, remove the spring clip from the rod, then remove the rod. FRONT BRACKETS 771DADAACDR 15. Push the mower deck back slightly, so the front links fall clear. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left.
  • Page 85 Installation of the mower deck is similar to removal, with a few points to keep in mind: It is helpful to install the J-shaped rod into the holes on the front links first. The J-shaped rod and links can be installed by using the slots on the front mower deck brackets.
  • Page 86: Blades

    MAINTENANCE BLADES Inspect, check bolt tightness, blades as described before working around the mower blades: 1. Move the PTO clutch lever to OFF. Engage the parking brake. Turn the ignition switch to OFF and remove the key. Disconnect the spark plug cap. Blade Inspection When the blades need resharpening tractor to an authorized...
  • Page 87 Inspecting For A Bent Blade Perform this inspection adjustments. 1. Wearing heavy gloves, position the right (discharge) side blade so it is parallel to the front axle. Measure the height of the right side blade at point B and record this measurement. Rotate the right side blade 180 degrees and measure the other tip at point B.
  • Page 88 1. Remove the mower deck from the lawn tractor; see page 80. Put on heavy gloves and turn the mower deck upside down. 3. Wearing heavy gloves, clean the dirt and grass from the blades and the inside of the mower deck. Hold each blade firmly, or block it with a piece of wood, and use a torque wrench to check bolt torque on the blade bolts.
  • Page 89 Blade Sharpening A dull blade may be sharpened, cracked, or otherwise damaged must be replaced. Always use a genuine Honda replacement SHARPENING GUIDELINES Maintain the original angle of the blade (about 30’). Sharpen the blades to a knife edge. Remove an equal amount of material from each end of the blade to maintain balance.
  • Page 90: Blade Installation

    MAINTENANCE Blade Installation Use a genuine Honda replacement 1. Clean any dirt and grass from around the blade shaft and inside the deck. Install the blade with the upturned edges of the blade toward the mower deck. Note the right side blade has a more pronounced angle.
  • Page 91: Mower Deck Level Inspection And Adjustment

    MOWER DECK LEVEL INSPECTION AND ADJUSTMENT For the best cut quality, the mower deck must sit at a proper angle to the ground. There are two adjustments mower deck. Left to right mower deck leveling adjustment Front to rear mower deck adjustment Preparation All adjustments should only be performed after the following steps have been completed:...
  • Page 92 Left-To-Right Leveling INSPECTION 1. Prepare the lawn tractor as previously Set the height adjustment position. Make sure the anti-scalp touch the ground. Put on heavy gloves, as you need to rotate the blades. Rotate the blades, so they are parallel to the front axle.
  • Page 93 Front-To-Rear Adjustments INSPECTION 1. Prepare the lawn tractor as previously described. Put on heavy gloves when working near the blades. Move the height adjustment lever to 3. Rotate right side blade only, so it is perpendicular to the front axle. Measure the blade tip height at points A and B as shown.
  • Page 94: Belts

    MAINTENANCE BELTS Your lawn tractor has two belts. The blade belt is used to transfer engine power to the mower deck blades. This is controlled PTO clutch lever. The drive belt is used to transfer engine power to the transmission. .
  • Page 95 REMOVING THE OLD BLADE BELT 1. Remove the mower deck (page 80). Remove the pulley cover on the left side of the mower deck. The PTO clutch arm is under tension from a spring. You can injure your hands or fingers if they are caught when moving the pulley or clutch arm.
  • Page 96 Loosen and remove the bolt on belt guard C. Remove the belt from the right side blade pulley. Loosen and remove the belt on belt guard F. Remove the belt from between the blade brake G and the left side pulley. 10.
  • Page 97 ADJUSTING BLADE BELT TENSION This procedure should only be performed when a new blade belt is installed. Prepare the lawn tractor before attempting this adjustment: Make sure the mower deck has been .adjusted for correct left-to- right and front-to-rear not touching the ground. Park the lawn tractor on a flat, level surface.
  • Page 98: Drive Belt

    MAINTENANCE Drive Belt The drive belt should be inspected at the interval specified in the Maintenance Schedule on page 60. Inspection 1. Park the lawn tractor on a flat, level surface. Set the parking brake, remove the ignition key and disconnect Securely block the front and rear wheels to prevent the lawn tractor from moving.
  • Page 99: Tires And Wheels

    TIRES AND WHEELS Tires should be kept at the proper inflation pressure and periodically inspected for tread wear or damage. Keeping the tire treads clean and free of mud and other debris improves traction and steering control. Tire pressure: Front......... 14 psi (98 kPa) Rear.
  • Page 100: Front Wheels

    Front Wheels Removal 1. Place the lawn tractor on a flat, level surface, and set the parking brake. Block the rear wheels securely. Lift and securely support the front end of the lawn tractor. Remove the dust cap, then use circlip pliers to remove and discard the old circlip.
  • Page 101: Rear Wheels

    Rear Wheels Removal 1. Block the front wheels securely. Lift and securely support the rear end of the lawn tractor. Remove the dust cap, then use circlip pliers to remove and discard the old circlip. Remove the outside flat washer, then rotate the wheel, so the square key on the axle is upright and won’t fall off when you remove the wheel.
  • Page 102: Other Items

    OTHER ITEMS Hydrostatic Fluid Reservoir (hydrostatic transmission model) Inspect and add fluid (if necessary) each time you use the lawn tractor. Locate the reservoir on the right rear of the lawn tractor frame, next to the right rear tire. There are two level marks near the left bottom corner of the reservoir.
  • Page 103 Adjustment From the right side, look between the lawn tractor frame and the mower deck. Locate the clutch arm turnbuckle (outboard one) and lock nuts. The clutch arm runs along the inner left hand side of the lawn tractor frame. The forward locking nut on the clutch arm turnbuckle locking nut is a left hand thread.
  • Page 104: Lubrication Points

    MAINTENANCE Lubrication Points Grease: NGLI #2 Lithium Base EP Lubricate the following grease points. Front grease fittings Blade belt tension arm pivot 772QMAACDR Drive belt tension arm pivot (gear transmission model only) 771JABAACDR Rear axle shaft grease fittings (gear transmission model only) Front mower deck pivot points Rear mower &...
  • Page 105 TFiOUBLESHOOTING This section helps you to identify the problems, their causes and some corrective actions. ENGINE PROBLEMS ..............103 DRIVE PROBLEMS .
  • Page 106: Troubleshooting

    TROUBLESHOOTING ENGINE PROBLE Starter does not operate Check shift lever oosition. Check PTO clutch lever position. Safety interlock system operating. No electric current to starter. Engine starts, then stops when operator rises off seat Safety interlock system operating. Possible cause Shift lever not in NEUTRAL.
  • Page 107 Starter operates, but maine will not start Check throttle position. Check fuel delivery to sngine. Check fuel condition. Check for spark. TROUBLESHOOTING Possible cause Throttle not in proper position. OFF. Fuel valve is Fuel filter clogged. Stale or old fuel. Spark plug cap off.
  • Page 108 TROUBLESHOOTING Engine has low power Check ground speed. Check mower deck height. Check mower deck. Check air cleaner. Check spark plug. Check engine cooling. Check spark arrester (optional part). Possible cause Fast ground speed when mowing tall grass puts excessive load on engine.
  • Page 109: Drive Problems

    DRIVE PROBLEMS Engine runs, but lawn tractor doesn’t move Check shift lever. Check parking brake. Check pedal(s) position. Check drive belt. Check transmission release (hydrostatic transmission model) VIBRATION Lawn tractor vibrates Check blades. Check mower deck. Check blade belt. TROUBLESHOOTING Possible cause Clutch and /or brake pedals not fully...
  • Page 110: Mower Deck Problems

    TROUBLESHOOTING MOWER DECK PROBLEMS [ --, Won t cut grass Check PTO clutch lever position. Check mower deck height adjustment lever. Check blade belt. Poor cut quality Check throttle position. Check mower deck. Check ground speed. Check mower deck height. Check grass conditions.
  • Page 111 Grass not discharging properly Check throttle position. Check mower deck height adjustment lever. Check blade belt. Check grass conditions. Check mowing overlap. Check ground speed. Check blades. Engine stalls when PTO clutch lever is set to ON Check throttle position. Check mower deck.
  • Page 113: Storage

    This section explains how to protect your lawn tractor from rust and corrosion, and ensure that it will start easily when you want to use it again. Cleaning ... Engine..Mower Deck ... Fuel ... Adding a Gasoline Stabilizer to Extend Fuel Storage Life ... 114 Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor ...
  • Page 114: Cleaning

    STORAGE STORAGE PREPARATION Proper storage preparation trouble free and’looking rust and corrosion from impairing your lawn tractor’s function and appearance, and will make the engine easier to start when you use the lawn tractor again. Cleaning 1. Wash the lawn tractor, including the underside Engine Wash the engine by hand, and be careful to prevent water from entering the air cleaner.
  • Page 115 Grass Bag (optional Remove the grass bags from the hopper frame, and wash them with a garden hose or pressure washing equipment. bags to completely After washing the lawn tractor, wipe dry all accessible Start the engine outdoors, and let it run until it reaches normal operating temperature engine.
  • Page 116: Fuel

    STORAGE Fuel Gasoline will oxidize and deteriorate cause hard starting, and it leaves gum deposits that clog the fuel system. If the gasoline in your lawn tractor deteriorates storage, you may need to have the carburetor and other fuel system components serviced or replaced.
  • Page 117: Draining The Fuel Tank And Carburetor

    Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor 1. Loosen the carburetor drain screw and turn the fuel valve ON. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. seriously Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks, and flame away. Refuel only outdoors. Wipe up spills immediately. Drain the fuel into an approved gasoline container.
  • Page 118 STORAGE PLACING IN STORAGE If your lawn tractor will be stored with gasoline in the fuel tank and carburetor, it is important to reduce the hazard of gasoline vapor ignition. Select a well-ventilated appliance that operates with a flame, such as a furnace, water heater, or clothes dryer.
  • Page 119 REMOVAL FROM STORAGE Check your lawn tractor as described in the Before Mowing chapter of this manual. If the fuel was drained during storage preparation, fresh gasoline. If you keep a container of gasoline for refueling, be sure that it contains only fresh gasoline. Gasoline oxidizes and deteriorates over time, causing hard starting.
  • Page 120 STORAGE...
  • Page 122: Specifications

    SPECIFICATIONS LAWN TRACTOR MODEL H2013SDA Gear transmission, H2013HDA Hydrostatic DIMENSIONS, WEIGHTS, AND CAPACITIES Length Width Height Wheel Base Dry Weight Front Tires Rear Tires Fuel Tank Capacity Engine Oil Capacity ENGINE DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE Engine Model Engine Type Displacement Bore and Stroke...
  • Page 123: Transmission Design And Performance

    TRANSMISSION Type H2013HDA: fluid drive Infinitely variable Speeds Mowing: 0 - 3.2 mph Ground (0 - 5.1 km/h) Speeds Transport: 3.3 - 4.5 mph (5.2 - 7.3 km/h) Reverse: 0 - 2.2 mph (0 - 3.6 km/h) Lube 3.28 quarts (3.1 P ) Honda...
  • Page 124: Tuneup

    SPECIFICATIONS TUNEUP Spark Plug Gap Engine Idle Speed (PTO clutch lever OFF) Valve Clearance (cold) Other Specifications MISCELLANEOUS Minimum Uncut Grass Diameter (left turn) Brakes Battery Fuse OPTIONS Mulching Includes two blades, guides and plug Grass bag kit Features twin bags, steel frame, chutes and all necessary Front guard Protects front of the lawn tractor...
  • Page 125: Repair Problem

    This chapter contains additional locations, Honda publications contact us if you have a question or warranty repair problem. SERIAL NUMBER LOCATIONS HONDA PUBLICATIONS Shop Manual ..............*... 125 Parts Catalog .
  • Page 126 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SERIAL NUMBER LOCATIONS Your lawn tractor has both a frame [A] and engine [B] serial number; use the following illustrations Raise the engine hood to view the frame serial number on the left side of the frame. The engine serial number is stamped into the engine block side that is closest to the fuel tank.
  • Page 127: Additional Information

    HONDA PUBLICATIONS These publications will give you additional information for maintaining and repairing your lawn tractor. You may order them from your Honda lawn tractor dealer. Shop Manual This manual covers complete maintenance It is intended to be used by a skilled technician. Parts Catalog This manual provides complete, illustrated parts lists.
  • Page 128 The Service Manager or General Manager can help. Almost all problems are solved in this way. If you are dissatisfied management, contact the Honda Power Equipment Customer Relations Office. You can write: American Honda Power Equipment Division...
  • Page 129 When you write or call, please provide the following information: • Model and serial numbers • Name of the dealer who sold the Honda power equipment to you • Name and address of the dealer who services your equipment •...
  • Page 130 OXYGENATED FUELS Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether compound. These gasolines are collectively oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, United States and Canada use oxygenated emissions. If you use an oxygenated minimum octane rating requirement. Before using an oxygenated Some states/provinces pump.
  • Page 131 SPARK ARRESTER SERVICE (optional part) The spark arrester is not standard on your lawn tractor, but may be required for legal operation installed on your lawn tractor, it should be inspected, cleaned and replaced if necessary. pEiE-j The spark arrester must be serviced every 100 hours to maintain its efficiency.
  • Page 132: Index

    air filter cleaning..air filter inspection ..25 air filters inspection..altitude, operation at high..72 anti-scalp rollers ... battery charging ... inspection..installation ... removal ... belts ... See blade belt or drive belt blade best speed for mowing..
  • Page 133 INDEX grass bag cleaning..I13 grease points ... height adjustment lever..15 height of the mower deck ..43 hood, engine..hydrostatic fluid reservoir..lOO ignition switch..jack points..lawn tractor check before operation..21 problems..
  • Page 134 lowering ... raising ... serial number locations ... 124 shift lever ... shifting gears ... shop manual ... slope operation on ..40 starting on ... spark arrester..spark plug gap ... maintenance ..68 recommended types ..68 specifications..
  • Page 136 Fuel Type Capacity Engine Oil Capacity Type Spark Plug Electrode Gap Blade Bolt Torque Carburetor Idle Speed (PTO clutch lever OFF) Tires Front Rear Before Each Use First 20 Hours Subsequent Unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher 5.3 8 (1.3 U.S.
  • Page 137 40.2002.06 31771700 Printed on Recycled Paper 00X31-771-7000 PRINTED IN U.S.A.

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