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D-View 5.1
Network Management System
User's Guide
First Edition (Jan 2003)
6DS510....01
Printed In Taiwan
RECYCLABLE

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  • Page 1

    D-View 5.1 Network Management System User’s Guide First Edition (Jan 2003) 6DS510….01 Printed In Taiwan RECYCLABLE...

  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents About This Guide ......................... 2 Overview of this User’s Guide ....................2 Introduction ..........................4 System Requirements ......................4 Installation..........................4 Start Run ..........................14 Architecture ..........................17 Organization ......................... 17 Features..........................18 How to Manage a Network Using D-View 5.1 ................24 Orientation ..........................

  • Page 3

    Collect Trap Information to Log File ..................55 Log On Trap .......................... 56 Log Off Trap .......................... 57 View Trap and Edit........................ 58 Install Plug-in Management Module..................59 Managing SNMP Devices Without a Management Module ............65 Background on MIBs ......................65 GET/SET Operations ......................

  • Page 4

    802.1P ..........................180 802.1Q..........................186 Traffic Statistics ........................192 Port VLAN Statistics ......................193 Layer 3 Utilities ........................193 IP Forwarding........................194 RIP 2........................... 195 OSPF........................... 197 IP Mroute ..........................203 DVMRP ..........................206 PIM ............................. 208 SNMPv3 Configuration......................211 Internet Tools...........................

  • Page 5

    Client Update ........................249 Client Manager........................250 How to Manage a Client ...................... 252 Client Record Query ......................253 Client Online Query ......................253 Client Abnormal Situation....................254 Device Utilization ........................ 255 Device Group Manager ......................256 Pay Rate Configuration ....................... 257 Troubleshooting ........................

  • Page 6

    The following entries from the Table of Contents above are Professional Edition features only—all other items are both Standard and Professional Edition features: 802.1P & 802.1Q 802.1P 802.1Q Traffic Statistics Port VLAN Statistics Layer 3 Utilities IP Forwarding RIP 2 OSPF IP Mroute DVMRP...

  • Page 7

    PIM (RFC2934) OSPF (RFC1850) DVMRP (RFC1075) IP Mroute (RFC2932) RIP2 (RFC1724) Network SNMP V1 SNMP V1 SNMP V1 – V3 Management D-Link DIAP D-Link DIAP Protocol Port base accounting N.A. capability Automatic company YES (D Link brand only) grouping Expiry Date...

  • Page 8: About This Guide

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide BOUT UIDE This User’s guide provides brief descriptions of how to use the various menus and operations found in the D-View Network Management System. This guide does not discuss network design or management concepts, nor does it provide detailed explanation or definitions of SNMP, MIBs, RMON or associated concepts.

  • Page 9

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Appendix, “Troubleshooting.” Provides solutions to different troubleshooting scenarios.

  • Page 10: Introduction

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide NTRODUCTION This section gives systems requirements and explains installation procedures. System Requirements D-View 5.1 can be installed and operated on a computer that meets the following minimum requirements: ♦ CPU: 550 MHz and above ♦ DRAM: 256MB ♦...

  • Page 11

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 1 Figure 1 Figure 2...

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    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 2 Figure 3...

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    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 3 Figure 4...

  • Page 14

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 4 Figure 5...

  • Page 15

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 5 Figure 6 Typical: Installs D-View 5.1, D-Link SNMP Solutions Modules, DES-3225G, DES-3624i, DES-6000, DGS-3208TG, DGS-3208F, DHS-3226, DHS-3218, DHS-3210, DES-3226, DHS-3224V, DGS-3224TG, DHS-102, and Wireless AP. Compact: Installs D-View 5.1 and D-Link SNMP Solutions.

  • Page 16

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 6 Figure 7...

  • Page 17

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 7 Figure 8 Before you run D-View Note:. If the device can’t be found under discovery, then you must enable SNMP service in Windows service before you run D-View 5.1, and remember to disable the SNMP trap service before you run D-View.

  • Page 18

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 9...

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    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 10...

  • Page 20: Start Run

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Start Run Step 1 Figure 11...

  • Page 21

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 2 Figure 12...

  • Page 22

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 3 Figure 13 Once the screen above is displayed, the Discovery procedure is finished. Now you can use D-View 5.1 to manage your SNMP-enabled device!

  • Page 23: Architecture

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide RCHITECTURE This chapter explains the organization and highlights new features of D-View 5.1. Organization D-View is organized into five main components ♦ Alarm/Trap Manager: Primarily responsible for monitoring abnormal situations, real-time management of network device status. Allows the network manager to monitor events in a timely and effective manner.

  • Page 24: Features

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide D-View5.1 Plug-in Modules Alarm/Trap Discover & MIB Utilities Internet tools Accounts Manager Parsing Access Database Figure 14 Features ♦ Graphical User Interface – D-View’s graphical interface is based on the Windows interface. It draws symbolic icons on the screen to identify devices and their links on the network.

  • Page 25

    Layer 3 switches and advanced routers in enterprise networks ♦ DIAP – The DIAP proprietary administrative protocol used in D-Link SOHO broadband routers has been added so you do not need any additional utility to administer these devices.

  • Page 26

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 15 ♦ Powerful MIB Compiler and Browser – With an easy to use GUI, the MIB Compiler and Browser can be used independent of D-View or can be used with the D-View software. This makes network management more effective and efficient.

  • Page 27

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 16...

  • Page 28

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 17 ♦ User Account management – Account is a simple account management system to keep track of the bills.

  • Page 29

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide It has the following features: Each client assigned an account with personal authorization IP Address Different groups of clients can generate statements with different schedules Detects abnormal usage for clients Assigns custom taxes to service charges Credit adjust function allow you to insert credit records manually and give credit for wrong or misdialed work.

  • Page 30: How To Manage A Network Using D-view 5.1

    If you double-click on an SNMP device, this will launch the device- specific module if it is installed. If it is not installed, you will be offered an opportunity to download the module from the D-Link website. The three display panels of the D-View Main Menu:...

  • Page 31

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Smart Icons Tree View List View Messages/Trap Figure 18 Tree View Presents the entire network grouped into major domains extending from Root. The major domains for the default setup are Ethernet, CompanyGroup, Favorites, and Topology. The Favorites group is a vacant domain available as a convenient means of tracing devices that require frequent monitoring.

  • Page 32: List View

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide can be arranged into sub-domains as needed. The Company group is divided into sub- domains according to the device manufacturer. The “tree” in this panel or any domain can be expanded or contracted to view the contents of any group. List View Displays the contents of whatever group is highlighted in the tree view.

  • Page 33

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 19 Smart Icons The five main icons that appear in D-View 5.1 GUI are summarized below.

  • Page 34: Basic Operations

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Icon Description Unknown device, device type and function not known. RADIUS server. Device off line or disconnected. SNMP device with SNMP agents. Wireless Access Point Table 1. General Device Icon Summary Basic Operations Network Basic Information The basic information available under System provides graphical and numerical information about device type and role distribution.

  • Page 35

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide preference of graph style by clicking the graph icon of choice in the middle of the menu. View network role or type distribution by selecting the appropriate tab. The reference key explains the colors used for the graphs and displays the number of devices in each category.

  • Page 36: Repolling Configuration

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Repolling Configuration By default D-View polls the network for status updates every 30 seconds. This repolling configuration can be changed or turned off using the Repolling Configuration menu under System. Adjust the polling interval from 10 to 60 and the time out (1-10 seconds) and click the Set button to put the settings into effect.

  • Page 37: Saving D-view Database

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 22 Note: Read/Write Community String settings must be correct otherwise you will not be able to find devices. Saving D-View Database Save the current settings arrangement for D-View using the Save Database function located under System. This will save any domains that have been created. System Save To Database Clear Database To delete the saved arrangements and settings, use the Clear Database function under...

  • Page 38: Find Object

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Find Object This option allows the user to quickly find a particular device in the system by entering Alias Name, IP Address, or Module Name. Edit Find Object Figure 23...

  • Page 39: Domain Control

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Input Search By: Select Alias Name, IP Address, or Module Name. ♦ Input String: Enter Alias Name, IP Address, or Module Name. Domain Control Select a domain or sub-domain in D-View to add or create a new sub-domain. This can be done under the Edit drop-down menu or right click on the selected domain to view the New Sub-domain Form.

  • Page 40

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide New Sub-domain Form. A list of the devices within that group appears listed in the left panel. Select the devices you want in the new sub-domain and add them to the new group by clicking the arrow The selected device now appears in the Device List on the right side panel.

  • Page 41

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Edit New Device You may create a new device to be managed along with the other domains that already exist via the New Device option. Enter the Device name, IP Address, Read/Write Community Strings, Module Type, and check appropriate boxes in the MIB Database. Figure 26...

  • Page 42: Device Control

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Input Device Name: name of the device IP Address: IP address of the device Read Comm: Read Community string of device Write Comm: Write Community string of device Module Type: Module type of new device MIB Database: Check MIBs that comprise new device Device Control Edit Device Through the Device menu item under the Edit drop-down menu, you may keep...

  • Page 43

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Edit Device Properties allows you to control the settings of a particular device by entering ♦ Device Name: Name of device usually in the form of numbers separated by periods. ♦ IP Address: The IP address of the device. ♦...

  • Page 44: Multiple View Settings In D-view

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Press OK to execute property settings or Cancel to cancel. Multiple View Settings in D-View 1. View Topology View 50 % , 75% , 100% , 125% , 150% , Custom Allows you to have different views of the topology. Figure 29...

  • Page 45

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide View Topology View Background Color Allows you to set background color of the topology. View Topology View Grid Gives you the option of having a grid on the topology. 2. View Tree View Allows you to see devices in the management network displayed in a tree on the left panel.

  • Page 46

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 4. View Messages/Traps View Allows you to view messages and traps on the bottom panel of the display screen. 5. View Background Color Allow you to set the background color for the Tree View, List View, Messages, and Traps displays.

  • Page 47: Device Snmp Configuration

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Device SNMP Configuration You can change the SNMP configuration of the device. Otherwise, you will use the default settings. Starting Off in D-View 5.1 When D-View is run the first time it will automatically search all around the net domain and parse the contents in the network.

  • Page 48

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Search Approach – Select Unicast (default) or Broadcast. A Broadcast request is not IP address specific and will cause every device connected at the moment of broadcast to reply. ♦ Discover Scheme – Select SNMP or ICMP. ICMP will only report the IP address of connected devices.

  • Page 49: How To Monitor And Manage A Network

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 31 How to Monitor and Manage a Network D-View polls all devices automatically. If a device is disconnected, D-View will display a disconnected icon in the work area. Otherwise, it will show a device icon. The D-View platform allows users to set up special cases to monitor and manage and supports multiple ways of doing so.

  • Page 50

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Connected Figure 32 Disconnected (When device does not respond during Repolling)

  • Page 51: Managing Device

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 33. Managing Device Using “Web Configure” Step 1 : Right click on mouse to execute “Web Configure”...

  • Page 52

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 34...

  • Page 53

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 2: Figure 35 Using the “D-View Module” Double-click on the device Icon or right-click on “D-View Module” to execute:...

  • Page 54

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 36...

  • Page 55: Using Telnet

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 37 Using Telnet Right-click on mouse to execute Telnet.

  • Page 56

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 1 Figure 38...

  • Page 57: Changing Device Properties

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 2 Figure 39 Changing device properties When you need to modify an IP address for a device use the “Properties” menu item on the device pop-up menu to change its identity. Changing the device 10.1.1.194 from DES-3225G to DES-3226 Step 1: Right-click on “Properties.”...

  • Page 58

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 40 Step 2: Press the “Type” Button.

  • Page 59

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 41 Step 3: Select D-Link and DES-3226. Then Press OK.

  • Page 60

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 42 Step 4 : Properties have been changed.

  • Page 61: Collect Trap Information To Log File

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 43 Collect Trap Information to Log File The user can log the trap history. The trap filename and path is /DLINK_INSTALL_PATH/var/log/trap.log. The user can clear it by using any editor to view and clear it.

  • Page 62: Log On Trap

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Log On Trap System Trap Management Log Log On Figure 44...

  • Page 63: Log Off Trap

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Log Off Trap System Trap Management Log Log Off Figure 45...

  • Page 64: View Trap And Edit

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide View Trap and Edit System Trap Management Log View Log Figure 46...

  • Page 65: Install Plug-in Management Module

    You can download all of these modules. When the module has been installed, double-click on your chosen icon and a device panel will appear. To date D-View supports many kinds of D-Link SNMP products. You are welcome to visit the D-Link web page for more information.

  • Page 66

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 48 Step 2 Figure 49...

  • Page 67

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 3 Figure 50...

  • Page 68

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 4 Figure 51...

  • Page 69

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 5 Figure 52...

  • Page 70

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 6 Figure 53...

  • Page 71: Managing Snmp Devices Without A Management Module

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 7 Figure 54 Managing SNMP Devices Without a Management Module Background on MIBs The Management Information Base (MIB) refers to various information describing the physical and logical characteristics of an SNMP device. These individual pieces of...

  • Page 72: Get/set Operations

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide information, called MIB objects, are kept in an SNMP device, where they can be readily accessed and modified by the device agent at the request of the network administrator. Basically, management is achieved through transactions between the SNMP agent on the device and the management console.

  • Page 73: Mib Listing

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide When the management console needs to modify the value of a particular MIB object, it sends a SET request to the device SNMP agent and the numerical representation of the target MIB object followed by the new value. For example, if the management console wants to assign a new name to a device, it sends a SET request to the device SNMP agent followed by the numerical representation of the sysName MIB object, which is 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.5.0.

  • Page 74: Mib Browser

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide MIB Browser When you need to manage a SNMP device without a plug-in module in the D-View platform use a D-View supported MIB browser with the associated MIBs. Right-click on the chosen icon and you will see a “Properties” item on the pop-up menu. Click it and a dialog box will appear with an area listing many MIBs with checkboxes.

  • Page 75

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 55 Step 2: Enter settings and press OK.

  • Page 76

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 56 Step 3: Open “MIB Browser.”...

  • Page 77

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 57...

  • Page 78

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 58 Step 4: Double-click on RFC1213-MIB.

  • Page 79

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 59 Step 5: Use MIB Browser to manage these entities.

  • Page 80

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 60...

  • Page 81: Mib Compiler

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 61 MIB Compiler The MIB Compiler provides another way to manage SNMP devices without a management module. It compiles an original Management Information Base (MIB) textual file into a system recognized format and loads it into a database. It converts a MIB into a graphic tree view.

  • Page 82: How To Use The Mib Complier

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Module to which the object belongs ♦ Syntax ♦ Access limit ♦ Status ♦ Description, and so on. The compiler can communicate with a remote device (bridge, switch, or router) to get the current value or to set a new value for the MIB object of interest. This is achieved by sending SNMP requests and receiving SNMP responses to get/set the value of the object of the MIB, which resides in an SNMP enabled device.

  • Page 83

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 62 Step 2: Open the MIB File.

  • Page 84

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 63...

  • Page 85

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 64 Step 3: Compile the MIB file.

  • Page 86

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 65...

  • Page 87: More On The Mib Compiler

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 66 More on the MIB Compiler 1. How to find the MIB values of a device. Step 1: Enter Device IP Address by entering the Browser Agent IP address, Read and Write Community settings. Then left-click on the MIB module you wish to view.

  • Page 88

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 67 Step 2: Right-click on object and execute “Info.”...

  • Page 89

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 68 Left-click on “If Table.” Then left-click on “Table View” to display values.

  • Page 90

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 69 2. How to set Device MIB values. After completing 1, left-click on “MIB Entry.” Execute “Set” or “Set Table” to set MIB values. Or double click on “Entry.”...

  • Page 91

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 70 Figure 71...

  • Page 92

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 3. How to edit the MIB Source file: Double-click on a MIB Module to bring up a tree-view. Under “View” left- click on “MIB Source” and proceed to edit the source file for the compiled MIB. Figure 72...

  • Page 93

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 73 4. How to print an MIB Source file: After opening the MIB Source file by left-clicking “MIB Source” under File left-click on “Print.” 5. How to save an MIB Source file: Under “File” left-click on “Save” or “Save As.”...

  • Page 94

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 6. How to delete an MIB Module: Highlight MIB Module. Under “File” left-click on “Delete MIB” or right- click on MIB Module and left-click on “Delete MIB.” Figure 74 7. How to set MIB Module font: Under “View”...

  • Page 95

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 8. How to set MIB Module background color: Under “View” left-click on “Set Module Color.” Figure 76 9. How to set the MIB Module tree-view display font: Under “View” left-click on “Set MIB Tree Font.”...

  • Page 96

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 77 10. How to set the MIB Module tree-view display color: Under “View” left-click on “Set MIB Tree Color.”...

  • Page 97: Creating A Topology

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 78 Creating a Topology The Topology diagram creation program included with D-View 5.1 is used to graphically represent planned or existing networks to aid network design. This program is designed to be flexible and easy to use. The primary tool for this application is the mouse. Topology diagrams can incorporate user created symbols.

  • Page 98: Create A New Topology

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Create a New Topology To create a new topology right-click on the Topology icon in the Tree View display panel. Step 1: Right-click on “Topology.” Figure 79 Step 2: Name New Topology.

  • Page 99

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 80 Step 3: “New” Topology Established. Figure 81...

  • Page 100: Manipulating Icons And Images

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Manipulating Icons and Images Use the “Tool” pad and “User Define” pad under the tool bar to manipulate icons and images in your new topology. Figure 82 1. Tool tab The Tool tab presents a number of tools used to select and move items in the diagram.

  • Page 101

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 83 a. Connecting Objects Objects can be connected using a choice of visually distinct lines, solid lines, dotted lines etc. These lines will remain attached to the connected objects if the object is moved around the diagram. To connect objects first click on the “line”...

  • Page 102

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 84 1. Left-click on origin object. 2. Release. 3. Drag line from point of origin to destination object.

  • Page 103

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 85 1. Left-click on destination object. 2. A line should appear connecting both objects.

  • Page 104

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 86 Note: You need to click on open space to discontinue drawing. Otherwise, you will continue to be in drawing mode. You can also double-click on the line drawn to undo. b. Creating a new domain You can click on the white bubble to place a new domain on the topology.

  • Page 105

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 87 c. Writing text Left-click on the text tool “T” to select the text option then left-click again on diagram to place a text box on the diagram.

  • Page 106

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 88 Left-click once on the text to move text around. Text will be highlighted in red rectangle.

  • Page 107

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 89 Left-click twice on the mouse to edit the text.

  • Page 108

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 90 To delete text, left-click once and then right-click on the text to bring up the “Delete” option. d. Selecting multiple items The multi-select tool (rectangular-shaped icon on tool pad) enables you to select a number of items (holding the left button down to select) and move these items as a unit.

  • Page 109

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide e. Selecting individual items You can click on the “hand” icon to select individual items. 2. User Define Tab Importing Icons Icons from any of the domains may be used in the diagram simply by selecting and copying them and pasting it into the new diagram. Step 1: Left-click on “New”...

  • Page 110

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 2: Allows you to bring up icon to be imported. Figure 92 Step 3: Drag domain icon into workspace. Pictured below is the default D-Link “New Object” icon.

  • Page 111

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 93 An Example: Creating a Topology Diagram Step 1: Click on New Topology.

  • Page 112

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 94 Step 2: Name new topology and press OK. Figure 95. Step 3: New Topology created:...

  • Page 113

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 96 Step 4: Import background picture by clicking on “New Background Picture.”...

  • Page 114

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 97 Step 5: Import .jpg or .bmp file.

  • Page 115

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 98 Step 6: Set background size and press OK. Figure 99 Step 7: Background picture imported.

  • Page 116

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 100 Step 8: You can drag devices directly from Tree View onto the Topology diagram or copy and paste.

  • Page 117

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 101 Step 9: Use the line function on the tool pad to connect devices in the topology drawing and set colors.

  • Page 118

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 102 Step 10: Save to Database.

  • Page 119

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 103...

  • Page 120: Mib Utilities

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide MIB U TILITIES This chapter explains how to use MIBs tools and other utilities located under the MIBs drop-down menu. It is organized according to the top to bottom, left to right order of the menu items. These menus will allow you to view statistics and to configure Layer 2 and Layer 3 functions.

  • Page 121: Mib Ii Menus

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ 802.1p Priority Configuration Including GMRP and GARP ♦ 802.1Q VLAN Information and Configuration Including Forwarding/Filtering and Unicast/Multicast Configuration ♦ Port VLAN Traffic Statistics ♦ Layer 3 Utilities Including IP Forwarding, RIP2, OSPF, IP Multicast, DVMRP and PIM Configuration ♦...

  • Page 122: Information

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide their respective values depending on your specific needs. Modifications though can only be performed on MIB objects with read-write or write-only attributes. To access MIB-II objects from an SNMP device, perform these steps: 1. Select the corresponding icon of the device from the map. 2.

  • Page 123

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide respect to the forward ing of received datagrams that are not addressed to the device. IP gateways forward datagrams, while IP hosts do not (except those sourcerouted via the host). IP Time-to-Live corresponds to the IpDefaultTTL MIB object of the ip group. This read- write object displays the default value inserted into the Time-To-Live field of the IP headers of the datagrams originating from the device when a TTL value is not supplied by the transport layer protocol.

  • Page 124: Mib Ii Read-only Windows

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 105 The remaining menus under MIB II are the following read-only table and counter windows (examples pictured on next page): ♦ IF Table ♦ IF Counters ♦ IP Counters ♦ IP Routing ♦ IP Address Table ♦...

  • Page 125

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide This command accesses the contents of the device IF table. This table provides information pertaining to the configuration of the various interfaces on the device. Each interface is assumed to be attached to a subnetwork. When you choose this command, the MIB-II IF Table appears on the screen: The following describes the various components on the above screen: The interface table lists information pertaining to various interfaces (regardless of their current states) on the device.

  • Page 126

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The Oper Status column corresponds to the IfOperStatus MIB object of the interface group. This read-only object displays the actual operational state of the interface. Testing state means that no operational packets can be passed. The Last Change column corresponds to the IfLastChange MIB object of the interface group.

  • Page 127

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The statistics table lists the values of the device IF counters. Except for the Index column, all columns in this table can be resized by dragging their respective right borders with the mouse left button. The following describes each column: The Counters column displays the various IF statistics counters.

  • Page 128

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide discarded even though no errors were detected on them. One possible reason for discarding such packets could be to free buffer space. The InErrors counter corresponds to the IfInErrors MIB object of the interface group. This read-only object displays the number of inbound packets that were not delivered to a higher-level protocol because of errors.

  • Page 129

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The following describes each column: The Counters column displays the various IP statistics counters. For information about these counters, see the discussion below. The Total column displays the accumulated count since resetting the statistics counters. These counters are reset whenever you restart the device or click the Reset button.

  • Page 130

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide IpForwDatagrams is a read-only MIB object of the ip group that displays the number of input datagrams for which this device was not their final IP destination; as a result, an attempt was made to find a route to forward them to their final destinations. For devices that are not IP gateways, this counter will only include those packets that were successfully source-routed through the device.

  • Page 131

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The routing table lists information pertaining to the routes presently known to the device. Each entry corresponds to one route. This table is divided into fourteen columns as listed below. Except for the Index column, all columns in this table can be resized by dragging their respective right borders with the mouse left button.

  • Page 132

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide IpRouteAge is a read-write MIB object of the ip group that displays the time since this route was last updated or otherwise determined to be correct. IpRouteMask is a read-write MIB object of the ip group that displays the subnet mask for the destination IP address of this route.

  • Page 133

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide IpAdEntBcastAddr is a read-only MIB object of the ip group that displays the value of the least-significant bit in the IP broadcast address used for sending datagrams on the interface (logical) associated with the IP address. For example, when the Internet standard all-ones broadcast address is used, the value will be 1.

  • Page 134

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide displayed on the table. To increase the polling time, click the up-arrow button; to decrease, click the down-arrow button. The Reset button resets all ICMP statistics counters back to zero. The Pause button pauses device polling. The Resume button resumes device polling.

  • Page 135

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide IcmpOutMsgs is a read-only MIB object of the icmp group that displays the number of ICMP messages the device attempted to send. This count also considers those counted by the icmpOutErrors counter. IcmpOutErrors is a read-only MIB object of the icmp group that displays the number of ICMP messages the device failed to send due to problems discovered within ICMP (such as lack of buffers).

  • Page 136

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The statistics table lists the values of the various UDP counters of the device. Except for the Index column, all columns in this table can be resized by dragging their respective right borders with the mouse left button. The following describes each column: The Counters column displays the various UDP statistics counters.

  • Page 137

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide When you choose this command, the MIB-II SNMP Counters table appears on the screen: The following describes the various components on the above table: The statistics table displays the values of the various SNMP counters of the device. Except for the Index column, all columns in this table can be resized by dragging their respective right borders with the mouse left button.

  • Page 138

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide SnmpInBadCommunityNames is a read-only MIB object of the snmp group that displays the number of SNMP messages that were delivered to the device SNMP agent with SNMP community names unknown to the device. SnmpInBadCommunityUses is a read-only MIB object of the snmp group that displays the number of SNMP messages that were delivered to the device SNMP agent with SNMP operations not permitted for the specified community names.

  • Page 139

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide SnmpInGetNexts is a read-only MIB object of the snmp group that displays the number of SNMP Get-Next PDUs that have been accepted and processed by the device SNMP agent. SnmpInSetRequests is a read-only MIB object of the snmp group that displays the number of SNMP Set-Request PDUs that have been accepted and processed by the device SNMP agent.

  • Page 140

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 106...

  • Page 141

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 107 Figure 108...

  • Page 142: If Mib Tables

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 109 IF MIB Tables The following table gives a brief description of the IF MIB: IF-MIB (RFC 2233) 1. The ifGeneralInformationGroup. This group contains those objects applicable to all types of network interfaces, including bit-oriented interfaces. 2.

  • Page 143

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide currently defined as being packet-oriented. To accommodate this, the definitions of these counters are generalized to apply to character-oriented interfaces and fixed- length-transmission interfaces. It should be noted that the octet counters in the if Table aggregate octet counts for unicast and non-unicast packets into a single octet counter per direction (received/transmitted).

  • Page 144: Entity

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 111 To enable Link Up/Link Down Trap, assign an Alias or enable Promiscuous Mode highlight the appropriate index and supply the information at the bottom of the menu. Entity The following table gives information about the Entity MIB: Entity MIB (RFC 2737) - Logical Entity A managed system contains one or more logical entities, each represented...

  • Page 145

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide by at most one instantiation of each of a particular set of MIB objects. A set of management functions is associated with each logical entity. Examples of logical entities include routers, bridges, print-servers, etc. - Physical Entity A "physical entity"...

  • Page 146

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 112 Figure 113...

  • Page 147

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Accessing Bridge MIBs The system provides three commands in the General menu for use in accessing various bridge MIBs from IEEE 802.1D-1990 MAC bridges on LAN segments. These commands include: Bridge 802.1d—Use this command to access bridge MIB objects included in the dot1dBase group.

  • Page 148

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The Number of Ports object corresponds to the Dot1dBaseNumPorts MIB object of the dot1dBase group. This read-only object displays the number of ports the bridge controls. The Bridge Type object corresponds to the Dot1dBaseType MIB object of the dot1dBase group.

  • Page 149

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide displays the number of frames that were discarded by this port due to excessive transit delay through the bridge. The MtuExceedDiscards column corresponds to the Dot1dBasePort- MtuExceededDiscards MIB object of the dot1dBase group. This read-only object displays the number of frames that were discarded by this port due to excessive size.

  • Page 150

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The Time Since Topology Changed object corresponds to the Dot1dStpTi- meSinceTopologyChange MIB object of the dot1dStp group. This read-only object displays the last time changes were made to the network topology. These changes usually occur when backup paths are activated due to primary path failures. The Number of Topology Changes object corresponds to the Dot1dStpTop-Changes MIB object of the dot1dStp group.

  • Page 151

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide will wait for BPDUs from the root bridge before it starts sending its own BPDUs for permission to become the root bridge. If it turns out that this bridge has the lowest bridge ID among the bridges on the network, it will then become the root bridge. The Hello Time (If Root) object corresponds to the Dot1dStpBridgeHello-Time MIB object of the dot1dStp group.

  • Page 152

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The object table reflects the changes you made to the configurable MIB objects. If you want to close the Information dialog box to view other MIB objects from other options, just double-click its Control-menu box. Spanning Tree →Port Table This command displays the contents of the device spanning tree port table.

  • Page 153

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 100Mbps has a path cost of 10. The lower the path cost, the more chance the port has of becoming the root port of the bridge. The Designated Root column corresponds to the Dot1dStpPortDesig-natedRoot MIB object of the dot1dStp group. This read-only object displays the bridge ID of the current root bridge on the network.

  • Page 154

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide into four columns as listed below. Except for the Index column, all columns in this table can be resized by dragging their respective right borders with the mouse left button. The following describes each column: The Index column displays the corresponding index number of each entry. The Port column corresponds to the Dot1dTpFdbPort MIB object of the dot1dTp group.

  • Page 155

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The Receive Port column corresponds to the Dot1dStaticReceivePort MIB object of the dot1dStatic group. This read-write object identifies the port number from which a frame must be received in order for this filtering entry to be valid. A value of “0” indicates that this entry applies to all ports on the bridge for which there is no other applicable entry.

  • Page 156

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The statistics table displays information for each port of a transparent bridge. Except for the Index column, all columns in this table can be resized by dragging their respective right borders with the mouse left button. The following describes each column: The Index column displays the corresponding index number of each entry.

  • Page 157

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The Discard Frames column corresponds to the Dot1dTpPortInDiscards MIB object of the dot1dTp group. This read-only object displays the number of received valid frames that were discarded (that is, filtered) by the system filters. If you select the line curve display, the Bridge Port Counters graph appears: The following describes the various components on the above table: The Name field displays the name of the device.

  • Page 158: Bridge 802.1d

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Below the graph area are message boxes for displaying some information about the displayed graphs and other system messages. The boxes at the right display the total count per second for each graph, the current position of the graph marker (in the range from 0 up to 99;...

  • Page 159

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Bridge 802.1D (RFC 1493) MIB Groups The dot1dBase Group This mandatory group contains the objects, which are applicable to all types of bridges. The dot1dStp Group This group contains the objects that denote the bridge's state with respect to the Spanning Tree Protocol.

  • Page 160

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Bridge aging time can be adjusted in the Information window; otherwise Bridge 802.1 windows are read-only. Figure 114...

  • Page 161: Spanning Tree

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 115 Path: MIBs 802.1D Information/Port Table Bridge 802.1D Bridge Address, Number of Ports, Bridge Type, Learned Information Entry Discard Port, IfIndex, Circuit, DelayExceededDiscards, Port Table Information MtuExceededDiscards Table 5 Spanning Tree Spanning Tree Information Use the STP Information window for global changes to the selected device. User configurable global STP settings include Priority, Maximum Aging Time, Hello Time and Forward Delay.

  • Page 162

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 116 Path: MIBs Spanning Tree Information Protocol, Time Since Topology Change, Number of Topology Changes, Read-only Information Designated Root, Root Cost, Root Port, Maximum Aging Time, Hello Time, Forward Delay Maximum Aging Time(600-4000), Hello Time(100- Set Variables 1000), Forward Delay(400-3000) Table 6...

  • Page 163: Spanning Tree Port Table

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Spanning Tree Port Table The STP Port Table allows you to configure STP port settings. Select the port you wish to configure and type in the desired Priority and Path Cost for the port. The Status pull- down menu is used to enable or disable the STP settings for the port.

  • Page 164: Transparent Bridge Forwarding & Static Filtering Tables

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Table 7 Transparent Bridge Forwarding & Static Filtering Tables Highlight to select the device and access these read-only menus from the Transparent Bridge side menu. Figure 118...

  • Page 165

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 119 Path: MIBs Transparent Bridge Forwarding Table/Static Table Transparent Bridge Forwarding Table Address, Port, Status Information Transparent Bridge Static Filtering Address, ReceivePort, AllowedtoGoTo, Table Information Status Table 8...

  • Page 166: Transparent Bridge Port Counter Table & Port Traffic Graph

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Transparent Bridge Port Counter Table & Port Traffic Graph Counter tables and traffic graphs can be paused or reset as desired. The user can change the Poll Interval and Count, graphs may use a three dimensional line by checking the 3D Line box.

  • Page 167: Rmon

    The features of RMON are organized into cohesive collections simply called groups. These groups are the basic unit of performance. The D-Link devices utilize four key RMON groups. These four groups are described in the table below†.

  • Page 168

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Remote Network Monitoring Object Groups The Ethernet Statistics Group The Ethernet statistics group contains statistics measured by the probe for each monitored Ethernet interface on this device. This group consists of the etherStatsTable. In the future other groups will be defined for other media types including Token Ring and FDDI.

  • Page 169

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 121 There are 4 buttons located near the bottom of the RMON Statistics window: OK, Reset, Stop, and Start. ♦ OK – Closes the Statistics window. ♦ Reset – This resets all statistics counters to zero. ♦...

  • Page 170

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 1. Click Add to display the Add box. 2. It is sufficient to click OK/ Cancel (as appropriate) or edit any of the three fields displayed: ♦ Index (1..65535) – This value is randomly generated upon opening the Add box.

  • Page 171

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Data Source – This identifies the source of the data that this etherStats entry is configured to analyze. This source can be any Ethernet interface on this device. In order to identify a particular interface, this object is identified by the instance of the ifIndex object, defined in RFC 1213 and RFC 1573 [4,6], for the desired interface.

  • Page 172

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Jabbers – The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets), and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error).

  • Page 173: Rmon History

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Packet Distribution Tab Click the Packet Distribution tab to open the Packet Distribution window. Packet distribution is given as the measure packets per second and is plotted each poll interval. The data below the graph represents the last measure of packets per second, for each frame length type.

  • Page 174

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Data Source ifIndex – This entry identifies the source of the data that this etherStats entry is configured to analyze. This source can be any Ethernet interface on the device. ♦ Owner – This entry is the entity that initiated the entry and is using the resources assigned to it.

  • Page 175

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Broadcast – The number of good packets received during this sampling interval that were directed to the broadcast address. ♦ Multicast – The number of good packets received during this sampling interval that were directed to a multicast address. Note that this number does not include packets addressed to the broadcast address.

  • Page 176

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Utilization/ Errors Tab Click the Utilization/Errors tab to open the Utilization/Errors window. Utilization is given as the best estimate of the mean physical layer network utilization during the sampling interval. Error is given as (CRC_Align + Undersize + Oversize + Fragment + Jabber + Collision)/polling_time.

  • Page 177

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 123 Path: MIBs RMON History Index, Data source, Buckets Requested, Buckets Granted, Interval, Owner, Status, Time Stamp, Drop RMON History Table Events, Octets, Packets, Broadcast, Multicast, Information CRCAlign, Umndersize, Oversize, Fragments, Jabbers, Collisions, Utilizations Table 12...

  • Page 178: Rmon Alarm

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide RMON Alarm Alarm Group The Alarm Group periodically takes statistical samples from variables in the probe and compares them to previously configured thresholds. If the monitored variable crosses a threshold, an event is generated. A hysteresis mechanism is implemented to limit the generation of alarms.

  • Page 179

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide if the first sample after this entry becomes valid is greater than or equal to this threshold and the associated alarmStartupAlarm is equal to risingAlarm(1) or risingOrFallingAlarm(3). After a rising event is generated, another such event will not be generated until the sampled value falls below this threshold and reaches the alarmFallingThreshold.

  • Page 180

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Sample Type – The method of sampling the selected variable and calculating the value to be compared against the thresholds. If the value of this object is absoluteValue(1), the value of the selected variable will be compared directly with the thresholds at the end of the sampling interval.

  • Page 181

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Rising Event – The index of the eventEntry that is used when a rising threshold is crossed. The eventEntry identified by a particular value of this index is the same as identified by the same value of the eventIndex object. If there is no corresponding entry in the eventTable, then no association exists.

  • Page 182

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 125 Path: MIBs RMON Alarm/Event Index, Interval, Variable, SampleType, Value, StartupAlarm, RMON Alarm Table RisingThreshold, FallingThreshold, RisingEvent, Information FallingEvent, Owner, Status Index, Interval, Variable, Owner, StartUp Sampling, Threshold Value: Rising/Falling, RMON Alarm : Rising Event: Activate/Index/Description/Community/Type Add/Modify Parameters Falling Event: Activate/Index/Description/Community/Type...

  • Page 183: Rmon Event

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide RMON Event The Event Group controls the generation and notification of events. Each entry in the Event Table describes the parameters of the event that can be triggered. Each event entry is fired by an associated condition located elsewhere in the MIB – in the case of this software utility, the Alarm Group.

  • Page 184

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 126 Path: MIBs RMON Alarm/Event Index, Interval, Variable, SampleType, Value, StartupAlarm, RMON Alarm Table RisingThreshold, FallingThreshold, RisingEvent, Information FallingEvent, Owner, Status Index, Interval, Variable, Owner, StartUp Sampling, RMON Alarm : Threshold Value: Rising/Falling, Add/Modify Rising Event: Activate/Index/Description/Community/Type Parameters Falling Event: Activate/Index/Description/Community/Type...

  • Page 185

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 126 Figure 127 Path: MIBs RMON Alarm/Event Index, Description, Type, Community, TimeSent, Owner, Status RMON Alarm Event Table Information LogEventIndex, logIndex, logTime, logDescription Table 14...

  • Page 186: 802.1p & 802.1q

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 802.1P & 802.1Q 802.1P Use the 802.1P side menus to view and set 802.1P port priority as well as GMRP and GARP settings. The read-only Port Capability Form is accessed as a side menu. 802.1P/802.1Q (RFC 2674) MIBs 1pPriority Group This group contains the objects for configuring and reporting status of priority-based queuing mechanisms in a bridge.

  • Page 187

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The dot1qVlan Group This group contains objects that control configuration and report status of the Virtual LANs known to a bridge. This includes management of the statically configured VLANs as well as reporting VLANs discovered by other means e.g. GVRP. It also controls configuration and reports status of per-port objects relating to VLANs and reports traffic statistics.

  • Page 188: Basic Configuration

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs 802.1P Basic Configuration Read-only Device Capabilties 802.1P Basic Configuration Traffic Class Status, GMRP Status Table 16 Priority Information Form Choose the appropriate tab to view information listed by port number: Figure 129...

  • Page 189

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Select the port number and type in the appropriate priority values; click Set to effect the change. Path: MIBs 802.1P Priority Information Form Table PortNumber, DefaultUserPriority, Information PortNumTrafficClasses Default User Priorities of Each Port SupportedTrafficClassesNum, DefaultUserPriority Table PortNumber, UserPriority, Information...

  • Page 190

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 130 Path: MIBs 802.1P Ports Capability Table Information PortNumber, dot1dPortCapabilities Table 18 GMRP The GMRP Form allows you to enable GMRP for a selected port. To enable GMRP for a given port, highlight to select, choose Enable from the pull-down menu and click Set.

  • Page 191

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs 802.1P GMRP GMRP Table Information PortNumber, Status, GmrpFailed, GmrpLastPduOrign Table 19 GARP GARP settings are expressed in centi-seconds (hundredths of a second) for each port. Figure 131...

  • Page 192: 186

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs 802.1P GARP PortNumber, GarpJoinTime, GarpLeaveTime, GARP Table Information GarpLeaveAllTime GarpJoinTime, GarpLeaveTime, GarpLeaveAllTime Table 20 802.1Q 802.1Q Ports Information Configure VLANs settings for the selected device in the VLAN Ports Information side menu.

  • Page 193

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 132 Path: MIBs 802.1Q 802.1Q Bridge Ports Information PortNumber, PortVlanID, AcceptableFrameTypes, IngressFiltering, Table Information GvrpStatus, GvrpFailedRegistrations, VLAN Ports GvrpLastPduOrigin Information Form PortVlanID, AcceptableFrameTypes, IngressFiltering, GvrpStatus Table 21...

  • Page 194

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 802.1Q Learning Constraint Table Set Default VLAN Constraint Value and Default Constraint Type. To add a new listing to the Constraint Table or Modify and existing one, highlight it and select Status and Type from the pull-down menus. Click the Add/Update button effect the changes.

  • Page 195

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 133 Path: MIBs 802.1Q 802.1Q VLAN VLAN ID, VLAN Name, Egress Ports, Table Information VLAN Forbidden Egress Ports Static VLAN Information, Egress Ports, Forbidden Ports, Table Untagged Ports VLAN ID, VLAN Name, Egress Ports, Table information VLAN Forbidden Egress Ports, Untagged Ports, Status Curren...

  • Page 196

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 802.1Q Forwarding/Filtering Forwarding and Filtering information is presented in four separate menus. The menus listed here appear as tabs in the Forwarding/Filtering Form. Path: MIBs 802.1Q Forwarding/Filtering Form Unicast Forwarding Table Information Fdb Id, FdbMacAddress, PortNumber, Status Info VLAN ID, GroupAddres, EgressPorts, Table Information...

  • Page 197

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 134...

  • Page 198: Traffic Statistics

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs 802.1Q Unicast/Multicast Static Filter Table UnicastAddress, ReceivePort, Table Information PortsUnicastAllowedToGoTo, Status Unicast Info VID, MAC Address, Status, Configure Allow To Go To Ports (select ports) MAC Address, Receive Port, Egress Port, Forbidden Table information Ports, Status VLAN Current...

  • Page 199: Port Vlan Statistics

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Port VLAN Statistics Figure 135 Layer 3 Utilities To access Layer 3 utilities located under the MIBs proceed as follows: MIBs 802.1Q Layer 3 Utilities.

  • Page 200: Ip Forwarding

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide IP Forwarding IP Forward (RFC 2096) MIB The MIB consists of two tables and two global objects. 1. The object ipForwardNumber indicates the number of current routes. This is primarily to avoid having to read the table in order to determine this number. 2.

  • Page 201: Rip 2

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities IP Forwarding CidrRouteNumber, CidrRouteDestlp, RouteMask, RouteTypeOfService, CidrRouteNextHop, Table CidrRouteIndex, RouteType, Protocol, Age, RouteInfo, Information NextHopASNum, Metric 1, Metric 2, Metric 3, Metric 4, Metric 5, Status CIDR Table CidrRouteNumber, CidrRouteDestlp, RouteMask, RouteTypeOfService, CidrRouteNextHop, Configure CidrRouteIndex, RouteType, Protocol, Age, RouteInfo,...

  • Page 202

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Implementation of this Group is Optional This group provides information about active peer relationships intended to assist in debugging. An active peer is a router from which a valid RIP updated has been heard in the last 180 seconds. Table 28 Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities...

  • Page 203: Ospf

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide OSPF OSPF (RFC 1850) OSPF is a powerful routing protocol, equipped with features to handle virtually any configuration requirement that might reasonably be found within an Autonomous System. With this power comes a fair degree of complexity, which the sheer number of objects in the MIB will attest to.

  • Page 204

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The Interface Table and the Interface Metric Table together describe the various IP interfaces to OSPF. The metrics are placed in separate tables in order to simplify dealing with multiple types of service, and to provide flexibility in the event that the IP TOS definition is changed in the future.

  • Page 205

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities OSPF OSPF General NumOforiginatesLsas, OSPF VersionNum, RxNewLsas, Read-only AreaBorderRouterStatus, ExternLsaCount, ExternLsaChecksum RouterId, Support Service Type, ASBorderRouterStatus, ExtLsdbLimit, ASBorderRouterStatus, BitMaskOfMulticast, ExitOverflowInterval, DemandRoutingSupport Table 31 Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities OSPF OSPF Area Information GlobalRouteChanges, GlobalQueriesResponse Read-only SubnetIPAddress, NumOfTriggeredRIPStates,...

  • Page 206

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities OSPF OSPF Lsdb Form Link State LsdbAreaId, Type, LinkStatID, RouterID, Table Information Database SequenceNum, Age, Checksum, Advertisement Ext Link State LsdbType, LinkStateID, RouterID, Table Information Database SequenceNum, Age, Checksum, Advertisement Table 33 OSPF Host Table Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities...

  • Page 207

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities OSPF OSPF Interface Table Read-only IfIpAddress, AddressLessInterface Information Interface Type, Priority, Status, AreaIdOfInterfaceConnected, Table TransitDelay, AuthenticationKey, RetransInterval, IfMulticastForwarding, HelpInterval, Administrative Status, RouterDeadInterval, IfDemand, PollInterval, Authentication Type Table/Read-only Interface Information IpAddress, AddressLessInterface, TypeOfService Metric Table MetricValue, Status...

  • Page 208

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide OSPF Neighbor Form Figure 138 Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities OSPF OSPF Neighbor Table/Read-only Information IpAddress, AddressLessIndex Neighbo r Table Priority, Status Virtual TransitAreaID, NbrRouterId, VirtualNbrIpAddr, Table Information Neighbo Options, State, Events, RetransmissionQueueLen, r Table HelloSuppressed Table 36...

  • Page 209: Ip Mroute

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities OSPF OSPF Trap Form Table Information OspfSetTrap, ConfigErrorType, PacketType, PacketSrc OSPF Trap Events Table 37 IP Mroute IP MRoute (RFC 2932) MIB This MIB module contains one scalar and five tables. The tables are: 1.

  • Page 210

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 139...

  • Page 211

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities IP Mroute Group, Source, Source Mask, Upstream Neighbor, ReceivedIpDatagramsSource, Table Information UpTime, ExpiryTime, RoutePkts, IPMRoute DiferentSourcePackets, Table NumOfOctetsInIPDatagrams, RouterProtocol MulticastRouteEnable NextHopGroup, NextHopSource, Next Hop NextHopSoureMask, NextHopIndex, Table Information Table NextHopAddress, State, UpTime, ExpiryTime, ClosestMemeberHops, Protocol, ForwardPkts Table Read-only Index...

  • Page 212: Dvmrp

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide DVMRP DVMRP DVMRP is an "interior gateway protocol"; suitable for use within an autonomous system, but not between different autonomous systems. DVMRP is not currently developed for use in routing non-multicast data grams, so a router that routes both multicast and unicast data grams must run two separate routing processes.

  • Page 213

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 140 Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities DVMRP General DVMRPVersion, DVMRPGenerationId, Read-only Information Info Table NumberOfRoutes, ReachableRoutes Table 41...

  • Page 214: Pim

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide PIM MIB This MIB module contains one scalar and eight tables. The tables contained in this MIB are: 1. The PIM Interface Table contains one row for each of the router's PIM interfaces. 2. The PIM Neighbor Table contains one row for each of the router's PIM neighbors. 3.

  • Page 215

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 141...

  • Page 216

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities PIM Info Table RPGroupAddress, RPAddress, RPState, RPStateTimer, Information RPLastChange RP Table RPRowStatus Table RPSetGorupAddress, RPSetGrouMask, RPSetAddress, RpSetTable Information RPSetHoldTime, RPSetExpiryTime Table CandidateRPGroupAddress, CandidateRPGroupMask Information CandidateR PEntryTable RowStatus Table 43 Path: MIBs Layer 3 utilities Rendezvous Points Info Table/Read-only...

  • Page 217: Snmpv3 Configuration

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide SNMPv3 Configuration Use the SNMPv3 menu to configure SNMPv3 security settings and new user setup. Choose SNMPv1, SNMPv2 or SNMPv3 as appropriate in the SNMP Version entry field. Use buttons to access pop-up menus Figure 142...

  • Page 218

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs SNMPv3 System Description, System Object ID, Sytem Table/Read-only Information Uptime, System Contact, System Name, System Location IP Address, Port Number, Security Name, Context Engine ID, Auth Password, Priv Password, Auth User Defined Parameters Protocol, Priv Protocol, Contact Name, Security Level, Write Community String, Time-out, Retries Table 45...

  • Page 219

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide SNMP Protocol Settings Pop-up Menus Note: SNMP protocol preferences pop-up menus are accessed by clicking the buttons on the right side of the SNMP Configuration menu. Use these menus exactly as menus used in previous examples. Figure 143 Path: MIBs SNMPv3 (click MPD button)

  • Page 220

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Path: MIBs SNMPv3 (click Target button) AddrName, AddrTDomain, AddrTAddress, AddrTimeout, AddEntry_Table AddrRetryCount, AddrTagList, AddrParams, AddrStorageType, AddrRowStatus ParamsName, ParamsMPModel, ParamsSecurityModel, ParamsEntry_Table ParamsSecurityName, ParamsSecurityLevel, ParamsStorageType, ParamsRowStatus Table 47 Path: MIBs SNMPv3 (click USM button) UnsupportedSecLevels, NotInTimeWindows, Stats_Table UnknownUserNames, UnknownEngineIDs, WrongDigests, DecryptionErrors EngineID, Name, SecurityName, CloneForm, AuthProtocol, AuthKeyChange, OwnAuthKeyChange, PrivChange,...

  • Page 221: Internet Tools

    D-View includes standard network management utilities such as TFTP and Ping Test user convenience. D-View 5.1 also includes D-Link’s proprietary administration utility DIAP. DIAP allows the user to have limited administrative access to D-Link broadband devices such as ADSL and ISDN routers, ADSL modems and Wireless routers. This tool can be used to assign IP settings to such devices.

  • Page 222: Tftp

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 144 TFTP The Trivial File Transfer Protocol server can be activated under the Tools heading of the Main Menu. The TFTP server is active upon launch and can transfer files located on the host system to any SNMP device. File transfer information is displayed in the TFTP Server window.

  • Page 223

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The D-View network management system comes with a TFTP server function that allows you to configure the management console as a TFTP server on the network. This function implements the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) to download image files from the management console (acting as a TFTP server) to the devices.

  • Page 224: Bootp Server

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 145 BOOTP Server Use the BOOTP server window to set up BOOTP service for BOOTP enabled devices. This utility is similar to the TFTP server except it does not require that the host system or D-View be running at the time of the transfer. D-View can assign other servers on the network to act as BOOTP servers or it may use the host system as the server.

  • Page 225

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide environment. Each network device attached to this environment must have a unique IP address in order to send and receive data packets from other network devices. Some network devices such as intelligent hubs and bridges come with EEPROMs for storing configuration values including IP addresses;...

  • Page 226: Ping Test

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 146 PING Test The D-View network management system provides a test facility that verifies whether or not the management console has good communication link with a particular device on the network. This facility implements the Packet InterNet Groper (PING) program for use on TCP/IP internets to test reachability of destinations.

  • Page 227

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 147...

  • Page 228: Advanced Management

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide DVANCED ANAGEMENT This chapter explains how to use trap management functions found under the System drop-down menu. It is organized in the order of the descending menu items. It explains how to access the Trap Editor, how to edit a TRF file, how to control and view the trap log, and how to change SMTP trap settings.

  • Page 229: Trap Editor

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Specific traps on the other hand are only sent to authorized management consoles which can be selected locally from the device either through the device onboard console program or the commands provided in its front panel graphics. Trap Editor Use the Trap Editor to modify MIB object names for modules and devices on the network.

  • Page 230: Clear Trap Alerts

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Clear Trap Alerts To clear the trap alerts from the scrolling message panel (Trap tab) at the bottom of the main menu, under System go to Trap Management and left click on Clear. Sort Trap Alerts To change the order of presentation of the trap alerts, under System go to Trap Management then to Sort By and left click on your choice of Time (default), Received From or Trap Message (type).

  • Page 231: Trap View Filter Settings

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 149 Trap View Filter Settings Use the Trap View Filter Setting pop up window to limit both the device from which trap alerts are listed and the type of traps listed. Type the IP address of any device you want to designate for trap viewing and click the Add button.

  • Page 232

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide The OIDs tab allows you to limit traps to specific OIDs. Specify OIDs to view by typing in the OID and clicking Add. To remove an OID from the list, highlight it and click Remove. Figure 150...

  • Page 233: How To Edit A Trf File

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide How to Edit a TRF File Figure 151 Note: Before editing a TRF file, you need to compile the primary module’s MIB files and view their trap entires, type, and value to know how to edit the module’s TRF file. <Install Directory>\5.1\Conf\Trap\ gives the path for a TRF file.

  • Page 234: Trap Log

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide 3. INSTANCE <Index> Define the trap group index number of this device. <Index> is the trap group number of this device. 4. OBJECT {<trap’s original name>,<trap type>,<trap’s alias name>,……} Define trap entry’s name, trap data type and its alias name. <Trap’s original name> is the trap entry name, <trap type>...

  • Page 235: Smtp Setting Form

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 152 SMTP Setting Form Use the SMTP Setting form to enable email alerts to be sent to the network administrator. Type the SMTP server and domain name, and Port number used, choose Simple Login and provide the account and password information if you prefer to use authentication, otherwise select None.

  • Page 236: Trap Mail Settings Forms

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 153 Trap Mail Settings Forms Use the IP Address tab specify the device and alarm. The Alarm Level pull-down menu has standard alarms to choose from. Type the message that accompanies the mail alert in Alarm Message. The OID tab is used for proprietary or other objects used to trigger the email alert.

  • Page 237: Alarm Mail Interval

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 154 Alarm Mail Interval Use the Alarm Mail Interval menu tab to specify the frequency with which email alarms are sent. Alarm mail intervals may be specified using the Alarm Interval to specify the number of minutes between emails, or use the Alarm Time to specify times when emails are sent daily.

  • Page 238

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 155 Example : Receiving alarm/trap messages by e-mail Step 1: Set the SMTP settings.

  • Page 239

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 156 Step 2: After making the settings, you can use “Mail Test” to check whether the settings are correct.

  • Page 240

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 157...

  • Page 241

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Step 3 Figure 158 Step 4 Set alarm time, alarm interval and conditions for sending trap mail.

  • Page 242

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 159...

  • Page 243

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 160...

  • Page 244: Adding Plug-in Utilities

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 161 Adding Plug-In Utilities You can develop execution files to plug into the D-View platform. How to install self-developed device SNMP module SNMP Module execution files must have four parameters: /NdeviceModuleName /IIPAddress /RreadCommunityString /WwriteCommunity String...

  • Page 245

    Re-install Windows Registry and set up as follows: Execute Regedit. Figure 162 Under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE SOFTWARE D-Link Modules there are four data folders. Enter data into these four data folders as below: ExePath: Record SNMP Device Module execution file with Device OID as Key.

  • Page 246

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 163 Figure 164...

  • Page 247

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide HelpPath: Record Help file location using Device OID as Key. Select and right click to added words value. At name value, input Device OID. Under data value input Help file location and full path name. Figure 165...

  • Page 248

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 166 Icon Path : Record the position of icons used using the Device OID as Key. Select and right click on mouse on newly added words value. Under name value input Device OID. Under data value input Icon file location and full path name.

  • Page 249

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 167 Figure 168...

  • Page 250

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Module Info : Record utility related information with OID of Device as Key. Select and right-click on mouse for newly added words value. Under name value input Device OID. Under data value there are four values separated by commas: Device Role, Module Name, Home page, and Company Name.

  • Page 251: Install Common Tools And Plug-in To Menu Item

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 170 Install common tools and plug-in to menu item Step 1 Type /DLINK_INSTALL_PATH?Conf/Resources/NewMenu.ini. For example, install DIAP2 pathway under Tools Menu. Figure 171...

  • Page 252

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Application Name – Execution file name ♦ Application Path – Execution file pathway ♦ Parameters – Execution file parameters Step 2: Execution outcome. Figure 172...

  • Page 253: Account

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Account Account is a simple account management system to keep track of the bills. It has the following new features: • Each client is assigned an account with personal authorization IP Address. Each IP Address will link to one Device Port. The system can verify and track devices in this manner.

  • Page 254

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 173 The Account system can bundle customer equipment just like the telephone system. As with telephone numbers, you can manage customers by means of equipment management. The menus available are the following: ♦ Client Update ♦...

  • Page 255: Client Update

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ♦ Pay Rate Configuration Figure 174 In the previous figure, we established a new customer entry by setting up the basic information. We charge users a service charge, place time limits on usage, and create an IP Address that corresponds to a specific port in a device. Thus, customer data is established.

  • Page 256: Client Manager

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 175 Use the Freeze Client and Unfreeze Client buttons to disable (Freeze) or enable (Unfreeze) a frozen port linked to the selected client. The Pay Check button is used to view the client’s payment status. The Port Check button is used to detect the port number and status of the client and update the device records from the database.

  • Page 257

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 176...

  • Page 258: How To Manage A Client

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide How to Manage a Client Figure 177 When we begin to manage a client we need to determine first whether the client has paid for services or whether it is past due. If payment is past due we close the connection (disable its link port) and prevent the client from being connected to the network.

  • Page 259: Client Record Query

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Client Record Query Locate and view client records using various search conditions including device IP address, link port, client name and client pay status. Define the parameters and click the Query button to view the record search results in the record table. Figure 178 Client Online Query View client users currently connected to a selected device.

  • Page 260: Client Abnormal Situation

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 179 Client Abnormal Situation Use this to check client usage and logs of abnormal situations for a chosen device.

  • Page 261: Device Utilization

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 180 Device Utilization Analyze network usage and query total number of ports and ports open for a device.

  • Page 262: Device Group Manager

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 181 Device Group Manager Figure 182...

  • Page 263: Pay Rate Configuration

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Use the Group Manager to group devices according to purpose, location, team etc. Select devices from the tree and drag them to another group. Add or Delete groups and teams with the buttons on the bottom of the menu. Figure 183 Pay Rate Configuration To Add, Modify or Delete pay rate categories, type or select information in the spaces...

  • Page 264

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 184...

  • Page 265: Troubleshooting

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide ROUBLESHOOTING This appendix provides troubleshooting tips for common problems you may encounter while using the D-View network management system. Before calling for help, try first the solutions presented in this section. ♦ Problem – Can’t open D-View with database error. ♦...

  • Page 266

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 186 ♦ Problem – Can’t send trap mail. ♦ Solution – Check the Trap Mail SMTP Settings (SMTP Server, Port, Type, etc.) and Trap Mail Interval Settings (IP Address, Alarm Level, Alarm Message).

  • Page 267

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 187...

  • Page 268

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide Figure 188 ♦ Problem – Auto-discover can’t find the device you want. ♦ Solution – Use the Discover function (under System) to find the device you want.

  • Page 269

    ♦ Problem – Can’t import the new device module into D-View 5.1. ♦ Solution – You can install the device module from the D-View 5.1 CD-Rom. If you want to upgrade the device module, you can download the latest Module Setup file from the D-Link web site http://www.dlink.com.tw/.

  • Page 270

    ♦ Problem – Can’t find wireless AP module in D-View 5.1 ♦ Solution – You can install the device module from the D-View 5.1 CD-ROM. If you want to upgrade the device module, you can download the latest Module Setup file from the D-Link Website http://www.dlink.com.tw/...

  • Page 271: Menu/command Quick Reference

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide OMMAND UICK EFERENCE System View Edit MIBs Tools Account Window Discover Topology View Device SNMP Device Configuration MIB tools Client Update Cascade Properties MIB Browser, Basic Information Copy MIB II (read-only menus) Client Record Query Tile MIB Compiler Tree View Delete...

  • Page 272: Index

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide NDEX abnormal usage ......23, 245 Entity Logical Table ......138 Account ......17, 22, 245 Ethernet ..........19 Alarm Level ........228 Event controls .........176 Alarm Mail Interval ......229 Auto Discover ........19 Favorites group .........25 background picture......

  • Page 273

    D-View 5.1 User’s Guide SNMPv3 .......... 209 STP port settings......154 OID ...........74 STP Port Table ........ 154 OIDs tab..........224 subdomain........33 Pay Rate Configuration....255 Table view ......... 75 ping...........42 telnet ..........48 Ping Test .........213 Tool pad..........26 plug-in management module .....58 Tool tab..........

  • Page 274

    TEL: 1-905-829-5033 FAX: 1-905-829-5095 BBS: 1-965-279-8732 TOLL FREE: 1-800-354-6522 URL: www.dlink.ca FTP: ftp.dlinknet.com E-MAIL: techsup@dlink.ca Chile D-Link South America Isidora Goyenechea 2934 Of. 702, Las Condes Fono, 2323185, Santiago, Chile, S. A. TEL: 56-2-232-3185 FAX: 56-2-232-0923 URL: www.dlink.cl E-MAIL: ccasassu@dlink.cl & tsilva@dlink.cl...

  • Page 275

    South Africa D-Link South Africa Unit 2, Parkside, 86 Oak Avenue, Highveld Technopark, Centurion, Gauteng, South Africa TEL: 27 (0) 12-665-2165 FAX: 27 (0) 12-665-2186 URL: www.d-link.co.za E-MAIL: attie@d-link.co.za Spain D-Link Iberia C/Sabino De Arana, 56 Bajos, 08028 Barcelona, Spain...

  • Page 276

    2F, No. 233-2 Pao-chiao Rd, Hsin-tien, Taipei, Taiwan TEL: 886-2-2916-1600 FAX: 886-2-2914-6299 URL: www.dlink.com.tw E-MAIL: dssqa@tsc.dlinktw.com.tw Turkey D-Link Middle East Deniz Bilgisayar, Buyukdere Cad. Naci Kasim Sk., No. 5 Mecidiyekoy, Istanbul, Turkey TEL: 90-212-213-3400 FAX: 90-212-213-3420 E-MAIL: smorovati@dlink-me.com U.A.E. D-Link Middle East CHS Aptec (Dubai), P.O.

  • Page 277

    8. What category best describes your company? Aerospace Engineering Education Finance Hospital Legal Insurance/Real Estate Manufacturing Retail/Chainstore/Wholesale Government Transportation/Utilities/Communication System house/company Other________________________________ 9. Would you recommend your D-Link product to a friend? Don't know yet 10.Your comments on this product? __________________________________________________________________________________________...

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