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Getting Ready To Sew; Selecting The Correct Needle And Thread; Changing The Needle - ELNA 2110 Instruction Book

2000 series.
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Weight
Fabric
Very
Chiffon, Fine Lace,
Light
Organdy
Light
Batiste, Lawn, Crepe
de Chine, Challis
Handkerchief Linen,
Crepe, Taffeta, Satin
Single Knits, Jersey,
Swimwear, Tricot
Leather, Suede
Medium
Flannel, Velour, Velvet,
Velveteen, Corduroy,
Linen, Gabardine,
Wool, Terry, Burlap
Double Knits, Stretch
Velour, Stretch Terry,
Sweater Knits
Leather, Vinyl, Suede
Heavy
Denim, Sailcloth,
Ticking
Coating, Polar Fleece,
Drapery and
Upholstery Fabrics
Leather, Suede
Very
Canvas, Duck,
Heavy
Upholstery Fabrics
Topstitching for
Special Finish
Needle Type
Needle
Size
Universal
9 (65)
Ball Point
9 (65)
Stretch
11 (75)
Universal
11 (75)
12 (80)
Stretch
11 (75)
Ball Point
11 (75)
Leather
11 (75)
Universal
14 (90)
Ball Point
14 (90)
Leather
14 (90)
Denim
16 (100)
Universal
16 (100)
Leather
16 (100)
Universal
18 (110)
Topstitching
11 (75)
14 (90)
SECTION II

Getting Ready to Sew

Selecting the Correct Needle and Thread

There are many kinds of fabrics, threads and
needles. It is important to use the correct ones to-
gether.
Always purchase good quality thread. It should be
strong, smooth and even in thickness. Use the same
thread for needle and bobbin. Always test thread and
needle size on a scrap piece of fabric.
In general, fine threads (the larger the number, the
finer the thread) and needles (the smaller the num-
ber, the finer the needle) are used for sewing light-
weight fabrics and heavier threads and larger
needles are used for sewing heavyweight fabrics.
There are many specialty needles available from
your sewing machine dealer.
Check your needles frequently for rough or blunt
tips. Snags and runs in knits, fine silks and silk-like
fabrics are permanent and are often caused by dam-
aged needles.

Changing the Needle

Turn off the machine. Turn the flywheel toward you
to raise the needle. Lower the presser foot.
Turn the needle clamp screw counterclockwise to
loosen.
Remove the needle from the clamp.
Insert the new needle into the clamp with the flat
side to the back, pushing it up as far as it will go.
Tighten the clamp screw firmly.
To determine if the needle is defective, place the flat
side of the needle on something flat (a needle plate,
piece of glass, etc.). The gap between the needle
and the flat surface should be even.
Never use a bent or broken needle. It may cause
skipped stitches or thread breakage. Defective
needles can ruin the fabric.
Always purchase good quality needles. Change
needle often.
9

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