Chiffon, Fine Lace,
Batiste, Lawn, Crepe
de Chine, Challis
Crepe, Taffeta, Satin
Single Knits, Jersey,
Flannel, Velour, Velvet,
Wool, Terry, Burlap
Double Knits, Stretch
Velour, Stretch Terry,
Leather, Vinyl, Suede
Coating, Polar Fleece,
Getting Ready to Sew
Selecting the Correct Needle and Thread
There are many kinds of fabrics, threads and
needles. It is important to use the correct ones to-
Always purchase good quality thread. It should be
strong, smooth and even in thickness. Use the same
thread for needle and bobbin. Always test thread and
needle size on a scrap piece of fabric.
In general, fine threads (the larger the number, the
finer the thread) and needles (the smaller the num-
ber, the finer the needle) are used for sewing light-
weight fabrics and heavier threads and larger
needles are used for sewing heavyweight fabrics.
There are many specialty needles available from
your sewing machine dealer.
Check your needles frequently for rough or blunt
tips. Snags and runs in knits, fine silks and silk-like
fabrics are permanent and are often caused by dam-
Changing the Needle
Turn off the machine. Turn the flywheel toward you
to raise the needle. Lower the presser foot.
Turn the needle clamp screw counterclockwise to
Remove the needle from the clamp.
Insert the new needle into the clamp with the flat
side to the back, pushing it up as far as it will go.
Tighten the clamp screw firmly.
To determine if the needle is defective, place the flat
side of the needle on something flat (a needle plate,
piece of glass, etc.). The gap between the needle
and the flat surface should be even.
Never use a bent or broken needle. It may cause
skipped stitches or thread breakage. Defective
needles can ruin the fabric.
Always purchase good quality needles. Change