Download Print this page

Yamaha CS2x Owner's Manual

Yamaha control synthesizer owner's manual cs2x
Hide thumbs


Table of Contents


Table of Contents

  Also See for Yamaha CS2x

  Related Manuals for Yamaha CS2x

  Summary of Contents for Yamaha CS2x

  • Page 2: Block Diagram

    Upward compatible with voices from the “classic” FM synthesizers and tone genera- tors, such as the Yamaha DX and TX series. Formant Sequences — “Fseqs” — produce other-worldly vocal phrases, rhythm loops, and more.
  • Page 3: Special Message Section

    For longer extension cords, consult a local electrician. This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product.
  • Page 4 If this should happen, consult a physician immediately. SAVING USER DATA • Save all data to an external device such as the Yamaha MIDI Data Filer MDF3, in order to help prevent the loss of important data due to a malfunction or user operating error.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    This owner’s manual is your personal “hands on” guide to getting the most from your CS2x — so be sure to keep it in a safe and accessible place for quick and easy reference whenever you may need it! It is...
  • Page 6: Getting Started

    It’s certainly one of the most fun. It can be said that the CS2x is a sort of analog-style digital synth . It takes the best of traditional analog — such as simplicity of use, natural “hands on”...
  • Page 7: Main Features

    It’s also an ideal multitimbral “module” fit for any type of MIDI system. Following is a list of the CS2x’s main features. 16 MB Wave ROM With AWM2 Voices AWM2 (Advanced Wave Memory 2) voices are comprised of actual digital recordings, or samples, of real musical instrument and other sounds.
  • Page 8: Top Panel

    PITCH MODULATION 1 VOLUME knob This knob controls the CS2x’s overall audio volume level output from the PHONES and OUTPUT jacks. Turn it between left-most (minimum) and right-most (maximum) positions to set the proper listening level whether using headphones or amplified speakers.
  • Page 9: Pitch Wheel

    & [UTILITY] button Pressing this button activates Utility mode, which lets you access those “system” parameters that affect the CS2x as a whole, including MASTER TUNE, MIDI TRANSMIT and RECEIVE CHANNEL numbers, keyboard LOCAL on/off setting, etc., as printed directly below each Parameter Value [UP/DOWN] button (page 61).
  • Page 10: Rear Panel

    8 STANDBY/ON switch This switch is for turning the power of the CS2x on and off (page 14). 9 DC IN terminal This terminal is for connection of the supplied Yamaha PA-3B Power Adaptor.
  • Page 11: Setting Up The Cs2X

    Setting Up The CS2x SYNTHESIZER This section steps you through the basic connections required for integrating the CS2x into everything from a simple amplification system to a full-blown MIDI music studio. Also included is information about turning on the power and listening to the preprogrammed “Demo”...
  • Page 12 DUMP QY700’s MIDI channel tracks. The QY700 sends the recorded data directly to the CS2x’s Parts, and — via the MIDI THRU terminal — to the external tone generator’s Parts. When recording Parts to an external sequencer, you need to turn the keyboard Local setting to OFF (page 63).
  • Page 13: Connecting A Computer

    Storage Device By connecting a MIDI data storage device such as the Yamaha MDF3 MIDI Data Filer to the CS2x you can save a single User Performance or all the User Performances and Utility parameters to floppy disk using MIDI data “Bulk Dump” operations.
  • Page 14: Powering Up

    Now that you’ve made all your audio and MIDI connections properly, you’re ready to switch on the power and get down to the business of enjoying the CS2x in all its glory! Here’s the basic procedure: 1. Turn the CS2x VOLUME knob to its minimum position.
  • Page 15: Getting To Know The Cs2X

    Now comes the CS2x with its convenient digital features plus knobs and other analog-style functions. Combining the best of both analog and digital worlds, the CS2x is truly a unique — and completely modern — electronic instrument that’s as easy to understand and operate as it is fun and intuitive to play.
  • Page 16 With the CS2x, you can use the FEG (Filter Envelope Generator) parameters to directly control the critical tone characteristics over time, as well as control cutoff, resonance and other parameters to shape the tone.
  • Page 17 How The CS2x Generates Sound The diagram and accompanying information below explains the CS2x’s tone generation architecture and the key components which go into making up an AWM2 voice, as well as the types of controls and parameters which you can apply to the voice.
  • Page 18: Normal Voices And Drum Voices

    Layers Although the individual AWM2 voices sound great in their own right, the CS2x lets you use up to four of them at the same time to create a Layer in Performance mode. You can designate all of these to sound simultaneously — to build up an incredibly rich sonic tapestry —...
  • Page 19: Knob Parameters

    Knob Parameters The eight SOUND CONTROL knobs give you direct access to a variety of important parameters of the Performance. Turning any SOUND CONTROL knob to the left or right will offset its parameter values accordingly (based on knob positions: left for negative values, right for positive values).
  • Page 20: Panel Edit Parameters

    UTILITY Available in Utility mode only, the UTILITY parameters consist of system, MIDI and type of data assignment (for the SOUND CONTROL knobs) which affect the CS2x as a whole. These settings will remain in effect regardless of whether you...
  • Page 21: Operating Modes

    Operating Modes The CS2x has two main operating modes — Performance mode and Multi Play mode — both of which give you a range of options for real-time play as well as multitimbral Part play using an external MIDI sequencer for song production. There are also Utility and Store modes.
  • Page 22: Multi Play Mode

    16 individual instrument “Parts” when an external MIDI sequencer is connected to the CS2x. The diagram below lists the available parameters for each Part. STORE 1 ~ 9...
  • Page 23: Cs2X Quick Tour

    SYNTHESIZER This section provides you with a quick guided tour through all the fundamental CS2x operations in Performance mode, such as use of real-time control, Scene, Arpeggiator, panel edit and Performance Store functions. It also provides information about Multi Play mode and multitimbral operation, including Multi Play in Performance mode.
  • Page 24 NUMERIC KEYPAD Entry Method Another way to select a Performance number in the currently selected bank is by using the NUMERIC KEYPAD. This is especially handy if you know the precise number of the Performance you want. Here’s how: 1. Enter the specific number (1 ~ 128). The number will begin flashing in the LCD.
  • Page 25: Performance Play

    Performance Play After selecting a performance, you’re ready to start playing the CS2x! As you do, you’ll want to try out the various control and other features available in Performance mode. Let’s continue with our step-by-step tour. Octave Shift Function The CS2x’s Octave Shift function is an easy way to transpose the...
  • Page 26: Performance Editing And Store

    67. Performance Editing And Store As a control synthesizer the CS2x features easy editing functions which are readily available as you play, including SOUND CONTROL knobs for direct tone modification, an Arpeggiator with a wide selection of arpeggiated chord types and timing resolutions, and many more.
  • Page 27: The Arpeggiator

    Arpeggiator Split The ARPEGGIATOR SPLIT function greatly increases the real- time performance capability of the CS2x. When ARPEGGIATOR SPLIT is activated, any chord you play to the left of the split point (B2 and below) will produce an arpeggiated chord, while chords you play to the right of the split point will play normally.
  • Page 28 43. Also see the Arpeggiator Type List, page 43. Arpeggio Pattern Length The length of a CS2x arpeggio pattern is determined by three factors which work together simultaneously: TYPE and SUBDIVIDE settings, and the total number of notes you play for an arpeggiated chord.
  • Page 29: Panel Edit Matrix

    Reference section (starting on page 39). Reading through it — along with just rolling up your sleeves and trying each one out one-by-one — will end up making you a veritable CS2x expert! For the sake of giving you a well-rounded tour right now without...
  • Page 30: User Performance Store

    Change the Layer voice. This is a quick and effective way to easily create an entirely new Performance! 1. Select a desired Layer. 2. Set the EDIT PARAMETER ROTARY switch to the Layer Edit 4 menu and press the BANK [UP/DOWN] button to select an available bank.
  • Page 31: Multi Play Mode

    In all, you can store up to nine CS2x Multi setups. Each might act as a template for an easy start to your most frequently used music composing, studio recording or live performance situations (page 67).
  • Page 32: Part Assign

    Part Assign You can assign any of the 586 XG normal voices (including the 128 GM voices) or 20 drum voices to each of the 16 Parts. 1. Use the PART/LAYER [-] and [+] buttons to select a desired Part, as displayed in the LCD. ARPEGGIO HOLD SHIFT...
  • Page 33: Xg Operation

    CS2x’s multitimbral capabilities, we show you how to put its MIDI parameter control features into practical use by describing a few basic operations when using the CS2x with a computer and Yamaha’s XGworks music sequencer application, a truly professional level MIDI music sequencer which features...
  • Page 34: Using The Cs2X With Xgworks

    XGworks and your computer conditions. 1. Set the CS2x MIDI Performance receive channels. Using Utility mode, set the CS2x MIDI Receive Channel for the Performance (Part 1 = “A”), as well as Parts 5 ~ 16 (page 63), as the situation merits.
  • Page 35 3. Decide the voice for each Part. XGworks lets you use MIDI program change messages (page 75) to call up the CS2x’s voices. There are many ways to do so. Take a look at the Track View Window. Based on the MIDI standard, each voice has its own bank number and program number.
  • Page 36 1. In Performance mode, select the CS2x Performance you want to transmit. 2. In Utility mode (TRANS CH parameter), set the MIDI channel over which you want the CS2x to transmit the data, such as channel 1. 3. In Utility mode (BULK DUMP parameter), select the “1Perf”...
  • Page 37 MIDI music system that’s perfect for your own individual needs. Two in particular are especially suited for use with the CS2x, as follows: • QY700 Music Sequencer Ideal for professionals and novices...
  • Page 39 Feature Reference Feature Reference...
  • Page 40: Feature Reference

    Feature Reference Following is a description of each function in the various modes along with available parameter settings. Performance Mode In Performance mode you can choose from 256 Preset and 256 User Performances. A Performance consists of up to four “Layer” voices playing simultaneously. You can easily edit each Layer within a Performance so that each sounds and behaves uniquely.
  • Page 41: Edit Procedure

    2. Press [ENTER] to confirm the number (1 ~ 128). The Performance name and number you have selected will display in the LCD. The Category name will be shown next to the Performance name. Category Performance Name & SPACE ENTER QUICK PC Performance Number Bank...
  • Page 42 3. Select a parameter. Press Parameter Value [UP/DOWN] corresponding to the parameter you want to edit once to select the parameter and engage Performance Edit mode. The name of the parameter and current settings will display in the LCD. ARPEGGIATOR TYPE TEMPO P BEND...
  • Page 43: Common Edit 1

    Edit Mark Once you have edited a Performance in any way, the edit mark (a reversed type letter “E”) will appear in the LCD between the Performance bank and number. This mark indicates you have edited but not yet stored the Performance. Indicates you have edited, but not stored the Performance.
  • Page 44 ARPEGGIATOR HOLD The ARPEGGIATOR HOLD function lets you play a chord to start the automatic arpeggio then take your hand off the keyboard and have the arpeggiated chord play continuously in a loop. Play another chord and the automatic arpeggios will change accordingly. Here’s how to activate the ARPEGGIATOR HOLD function: 1.
  • Page 45: Common Edit 2

    VARI DATA (Variation Data): Sets the data (value) of the Variation effect parameter selected in VARI PARAM. For more information about each Variation effect data settings, see the Effect Data Assign Table in the separate “Data List” book. When VARI TYPE is set to “Effect Off”, VARI PARAM and VARI DATA will be disabled.
  • Page 46 MW (Modulation Wheel) This sets the control parameters of the MODULATION wheel. There are three parameters: PMOD (Pitch Modulation), FMOD (Filter Modulation) and CUTOFF (Cutoff). The parameters set here can be controlled with the MODULATION wheel to add vibrato or wah-wah type effects to the sound.
  • Page 47: Layer Edit 1

    PORTA (Portamento) This determines the Portamento settings for the Layer voices. Portamento continuously changes the pitch from one note to the next, thus letting you glide the pitch from note to note. There are two parameters, SWITCH and TIME. SWITCH values can be set for each individual Layer, and TIME values apply to all Layers equally.
  • Page 48 Note Number LIMIT LOW is set to C2 and LIMIT HIGH is set to C4. Range of notes that can be played. CS2x Keyboard Settings: Nt Limit L: C-2 ~ G8 Nt Limit H: C-2 ~ G8 You cannot set the LIMIT LOW note above the LIMIT HIGH note, or the LIMIT HIGH note below the LIMIT LOW note.
  • Page 49 OFFSET: Sets the offset value of the velocity. The value set here will be added to or subtracted from the actual velocity value. VELOCITY OFFSET GRAPH ( When DEPTH = 64) VELOCITY LEVEL RECEIVED BY TONE GENERATOR OFFSET=63 DEPTH=64 VELOCITY=127 Range determined OFFSET=0...
  • Page 50: Layer Edit 2

    Volume (page 54) NoteShift (page 48) Detune (page 48) Pan (page 54) ChorusSend (page 55) ReverbSend (page 55) *Pitch (Oscillator Pitch) VelSnsDpth (Velocity Sensitivity Depth) (page 49) VelSnsOfst (Velocity Sensitivity Offset) (page 49) Cutoff (Filter Cuttoff Frequency) (page 55) Resonance (page 55) AEGAtkTime (AEG Attack Time) (page 50) AEGDcyTime (AEG Decay Time) (page 50) AEGSusLvl (AEG Sustain Level) (page 50)
  • Page 51 REL TIME (Release Time): Determines the time it takes for a sound to sustain after the key is released. VOLUME LEVEL ATK TIME DCY TIME REL TIME Key On Key Off Settings: AEG Atk Tm: -63 ~ +63 AEG Dcy Tm: -63 ~ +63 AEG Sus Lv: -64 ~ +63 AEG Rel Tm: -63 ~ +63 LFO (Low Frequency Oscillator)
  • Page 52: Layer Edit 3

    PHASE INIT (Phase Initialize): Determines if the phase of the LFO frequency modulation wave is reset or not each time a note is played. There are three types: Free, Retr (Retrigger) and Elem (Element). Free: The wave starts at the phase position where a note is played. Phase when keyboard is played...
  • Page 53 ATK TIME (Attack Time): Determines the time required for a sound to reach its maximum cutoff frequency level when a note is played. DCY TIME (Decay Time): Determines the time required for a sound to reach its Sustain Level from a maximum level while the key is held.
  • Page 54: Layer Edit 4

    Program Change numbers range from 0 ~ 127. To match the MIDI Program Change number when switching programs using an external MIDI device, subtract a value of “1” from the CS2x Program number you want the MIDI message to select.
  • Page 55 Resonance Generally filters change the timbre by passing signals within a specific frequency bandwidth and cutting others. The CS2x features two types of filters. A Low Pass Filter (LPF) passes signals below the specified frequency point (the “cutoff frequency”) and cuts off the signals above it.
  • Page 56 POLY/MONO This determines whether the voice in each Layer is played monophonically (only one note at a time) or polyphonically (up to a maximum 64 notes at a time). Generally Polyphonic mode is selected to generate multiple sounds at one time. There are cases, however, where it is more effective to select Monophonic mode, such as when using a bass sound, brass sound, or an analog synthesizer lead sound.
  • Page 57: Multi Play Mode

    In Multi Play mode you can play up to 16 Parts using an external MIDI sequencer. This mode is mainly used when the CS2x is used as an XG tone generator or as a music data input device in a computer music system. You can use any XG voice from the 586 normal voices and 20 drum voices.
  • Page 58 2. Select the parameter. Press Parameter Value [UP/DOWN] corresponding to the parameter you want to edit once to select the parameter and engage Multi Part Edit mode. The name of the parameter and current settings will display in the LCD. ARPEGGIATOR PERFORM EFFECT...
  • Page 59 MIDI System Exclusive messages that can be programmed into music data using an external MIDI sequencer. In TG300B mode the CS2x will play multitimbral music data created for TG300B-compatible tone generators. TG300B mode also provides compatibility with the General MIDI System Level 1 format.
  • Page 60 Using Multi Play Mode • Multi Play mode is especially designed for using the CS2x as a multitimbral tone generator for an external MIDI sequencer, and all Part assignment and other settings can be controlled by MIDI messages as stored in the music data in the sequencer.
  • Page 61: Utility Mode

    Utility Mode In Utility mode you can set the CS2x system, MIDI and special assignment parameters. CS2x CS2x MIDI SYSTEM SETTINGS MIDI SETTINGS MASTER TUNE TRANS CH KBD TRANS RCV CH DEVICE NO VEL CURVE LOCAL VEL FIX BULK DUMP Entering Utility Mode Press [UTILITY] to enter Utility mode.
  • Page 62 Vel Curve: norm, soft1, soft2, easy, wide, hard VEL FIX (Velocity Fix) This “fixes” the velocity of the CS2x keyboard to a specific value. This is used when you want to play the sound at a fixed velocity regardless of keyboard touch.
  • Page 63 Settings Trans Ch: 1 ~ 16 You can use the CS2x to send data to an external MIDI device such as a music sequencer. For details, see page 12. RCV CH (Receive Channel) In Performance mode, this sets the MIDI receive channel for controlling the CS2x by an external device such as a MIDI sequencer or computer music software application.
  • Page 64: Bulk Dump

    Bulk Dump Receive The CS2x can receive Performance data from an external device, to load it back into the CS2x in bulk. The CS2x stands ready to receive the data when a Bulk Dump operation is executed by the external MIDI device.
  • Page 65 Others ------- General Purpose: With the CS2x, General Purpose 1 is for FC, 2 is for Knob 4 (ASSIGN 1/DATA), 3 is for Knob 8 (ASSIGN 2), 4 is for no setting, 5 is for Knob 2 (DECAY), 6 is for Knob 5 (HPF CUTOFF) and 7 and 8 are for no setting.
  • Page 66: Store Mode

    Store Mode In Store mode you can store edited Performances, Scenes or the Multi in the CS2x’s internal memory. To enter Store mode, you must first be in Performance or Multi Play mode. You cannot enter Store mode from Utility mode.
  • Page 67: Storing A Scene

    Storing A Scene There are two Scene memories in each Performance. The Scene Store function is used to assign a Scene, or the position of the eight SOUND CONTROL knobs, to either [SCENE 1] or [SCENE 2] of the currently selected Performance. This is convenient for live performances or recording sessions, since it lets you access a particular setting simply by pressing a [SCENE] button.
  • Page 68 Storing The Multi 1. After editing the Part settings, press the [STORE] button to enter Store mode. The word “MultiStore” will appear in the LCD. 2. Use the NUMERIC KEYPAD (1 ~ 9) to select one of the nine available User Multi memory locations. 3.
  • Page 69: Factory Settings

    Factory Settings You can reset all of the settings in the CS2x (Performance, Scene, System and MIDI settings) to the original factory (initial) default settings. Executing this function will replace all of your existing data. As such, always store your important data to an external device such as the Yamaha MIDI Data Filer MDF3 beforehand.
  • Page 70: Appendix

    APPENDIX The CS2x features three independent digital effects units, Reverb, Chorus and Variation, which can be applied to the voices in a variety of ways to provide a wide range of sound processing capabilities. In Performance mode you can choose the Reverb, Chorus and Variation effect types, as well as set additional parameters for the Variation effect.
  • Page 71 Multi Play Mode The diagram below shows the signal flow of the three effects when the CS2x is in Multi Play mode and the Variation effect is designated as an Insertion effect. In Multi Play mode the various effect settings can be controlled by MIDI system exclusive Parameter Change messages (received from an external sequencer or computer).
  • Page 72: About Midi

    MIDI data, or messages. The CS2x can control a MIDI device by transmitting note related data and various types of controller data. The CS2x can be controlled by the incoming MIDI messages which automatically determine tone generator mode, select MIDI channels, voices and effects, change parameter values, and of course play the voices specified for the various Parts.
  • Page 73 1.2.2 Modulation (Control #001) Messages which control vibrato depth using the Modulation Wheel. Setting the value to 127 produces maximum vibrato and 0 results in vibrato off. 1.2.3 Portamento Time (Control #005) Messages which control the duration of portamento, or a continuous pitch glide between successively played notes.
  • Page 74 1.2.17 Portamento Control (Control #084) Messages which apply a portamento between the currently- sounding note and the subsequent note. Portamento Control is transmitted specifying the note-on key of the currently-sounding note. Specify a Portamento Source Key number between 0 - 127. When a Portamento Control message is received, the currently sounding pitch will change with a Portamento Time of 0 to the next note-on key on the same channel.
  • Page 75: System Messages

    * mm(MSB) = appropriate volume value, ll(LSB) = ignored 2.1.3 XG System On When this data is received, the CS2x will switch to XG mode and all the parameters will be initialized accordingly, and XG- compatible messages such as NRPN and Bank Select messages can be received.
  • Page 76: Specifications

    Since specifications, equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check with your Yamaha dealer. * Power supply recommendation may vary from country to country. Please check with your nearest Yamaha dealer for further details.
  • Page 77: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting The following table provides troubleshooting hints and page references for some common problems. Most problems may be simply the result of incorrect settings. Before calling for professional service, refer to the troubleshooting advice below to see if you can find and correct the cause of the problem. No sound.
  • Page 78: Error Messages

    The memory-backup battery is low; memory cannot be backed up. Store the necessary data to a MIDI data storage device such as Yamaha MIDI Data Filer MDF3, and have the battery changed by your local Yamaha dealer or any other authorized Yamaha service personnel.
  • Page 79: Index

    [-/NO/QUICK PC] button ...9 About MIDI ...72 AEG (Amplitude Envelope Generator) ...50 Arpeggiator ...27, 43 [ARPEGGIO] button ...8 ASSIGN CTRL NO (Assign Control Number) ...64 ASSIGN1 PARAM (ASSIGN1 Parameter) ...47 ASSIGN2...49 BANK...54 BULK DUMP ...64 Category Codes ...24 Common Edit 1 ...43 Common Edit 2 ...45 DC IN terminal...10 DEMO function ...9...
  • Page 80 MEMO...
  • Page 81 For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor listed below. Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous figurant dans la liste suivante. NORTH AMERICA CANADA Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
  • Page 82 Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee that interference will not occur in all installations. If this * The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries. ADVARSEL! Lithiumbatteri—Eksplosionsfare ved fejlagtig håndtering. Udskiftning må...
  • Page 83 SAMPLING UNIT Cutting-edge groove machine unites sampling, sequencing, effects and mixing. A unique tool for recording artists, DJs, dance music producers, and all others who need to create and perform dynamic sample-based sequences. Specifications SEQUENCER Memory 32,000 notes (no backup) Resolution 1 / 480 Tempo...
  • Page 84 Maximum 16 timbres (last-note priority with element reserve, DVA) PRESET VOICES 654 normal voices, 46 drum-kit voices(excl. GM normal voices and GM drum-kit voices) EFFECTS 11 Reverb types, 11 Chorus types, 43 Variations DIGITAL LOW BOOST 24dB/50Hz-2.0kHz M.D.G., EMI Division ©Yamaha Corporation 1998 V300660 0106MWAP12.2-02B0...

This manual is also suitable for: