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TP-Link TL-WR850N User Manual

300mbps wireless n router
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User Guide
300Mbps Wireless N Router
TL-WR850N
REV1.0.0
1910020829

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  Summary of Contents for TP-Link TL-WR850N

  • Page 1 User Guide 300Mbps Wireless N Router TL-WR850N REV1.0.0 1910020829...
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Contents About This Guide Chapter 1 Get to Know About Your Router 1. 1. Product Overview............3 1.
  • Page 3 4. 6. 3. DMZ..............36 4.
  • Page 4: About This Guide

    The Quick Installation Guide can be found where you find this guide or inside the package of the router. Specifications can be found on the product page at http://www.tp-link.com. A Technical Support Forum is provided for you to discuss our products at http://forum.tp-link.com.
  • Page 5: Chapter 1 Get To Know About Your Router

    Chapter Get to Know About Your Router This chapter introduces what the router can do and shows its appearance. It contains the following sections: • Product Overview • Panel Layout...
  • Page 6: Product Overview

    Wi-Fi signal to all your devices while boosting widespread coverage throughout your home, and the built-in Ethernet ports supply high-speed connection to your wired devices. Moreover, it is simple and convenient to set up and use the TP-Link router due to its intuitive web interface. Panel Layout...
  • Page 7: The Back Panel

    Chapter 1 Get to Know About Your Router LED Explanation Name Status Indication System initialization completes. System initialization or firmware upgrade is in progress. Do not Flashing (Power) disconnect or power off the router. Power is off. The wireless function is working properly. (Wireless) The wireless function is disabled.
  • Page 8 Chapter 1 Get to Know About Your Router Item Description Power Port For connecting the router to a power socket via the provided power adapter. WAN Port For connecting to a DSL/Cable modem, or an Ethernet port. Ethernet Ports (1/2/3/4) For connecting your PCs or other wired network devices to the router.
  • Page 9: Chapter 2 Connect To The Internet

    Chapter Connect to the Internet This chapter contains the following sections: • Position Your Router • Connect to the Internet...
  • Page 10 Chapter 2 Connect to the Internet Position Your Router • The product should not be located in a place where it will be exposed to moisture or excessive heat. • Place the router in a location where it can be connected to multiple devices as well as to a power source.
  • Page 11 Chapter 2 Connect to the Internet 1 ) Connect the power adapter to the router and turn on the router. 2 ) Verify that the hardware connection is correct by checking these LEDs. Power Wi-Fi Internet Tips: If Wi-Fi LED is off, enable the Wi-Fi function by using a web browser. 1.
  • Page 12 Chapter 2 Connect to the Internet 1 ) Tab the WPS icon on the device’s screen, here takes an Android phone as an example. 2 ) Immediately press the WPS button on your router. Close to WPS/ POWER RESET 1. Enter http://tplinkwifi.net in the address bar of a web browser.
  • Page 13: Chapter 3 Log In

    Chapter Log In This chapter introduces how to log in to the web management page of router.
  • Page 14 Chapter 3 Log In With the web-based utility, it is easy to configure and manage the router. The web- based utility can be used on any Windows, Macintosh or UNIX OS with a Web browser, such as Microsoft the Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox or Apple Safari. Follow the steps below to log in to your router.
  • Page 15: Chapter 4 Configure The Router

    Chapter Configure the Router This chapter presents how to configure the various features of the router. It contains the following sections: • Status • Bandwidth Control • Network • IP & MAC Binding • Wireless • Dynamic DNS • Guest Network •...
  • Page 16: Status

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router Status 1. Visit http://tplinkwifi.net, and log in with the username and password you set for the router. 2. Go to Status. You can view the current status information of the router. • Firmware Version - The version information of the router’s firmware. •...
  • Page 17: Network

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Wireless Radio - Indicates whether the wireless feature is enabled or not. • Name (SSID) - The SSID of the router. • Mode - The current wireless working mode in use. • Channel Width - The current wireless channel width in use.
  • Page 18 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • MTU Size - The normal MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) value for most Ethernet networks is 1500 Bytes. It is not recommended that you change the default MTU size unless required by your ISP. • Set DNS server manually - If your ISP gives you one or two DNS IP addresses, select Set DNS server manually...
  • Page 19 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • IP Address - Enter the IP address in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP. • Subnet Mask - Enter the subnet mask in dotted-decimal notation provided by your ISP. Normally 255.255.255.0 is used as the subnet mask. •...
  • Page 20 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Confirm Password - Enter the Password provided by your ISP again to ensure the password you entered is correct. • Secondary Connection - It’s available only for PPPoE connection. If your ISP provides an extra connection type, select Dynamic IP Static IP to activate the secondary...
  • Page 21 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • ISP Specified IP Address - If your ISP does not automatically assign IP addresses to the router, please select Use IP address specified by ISP and enter the IP address provided by your ISP in dotted-decimal notation. •...
  • Page 22 Chapter 4 Configure the Router field. Otherwise, enter the number of minutes you want to have elapsed before your Internet access disconnects. • Always on - Connect automatically after the Router is disconnected. To use this option, click the radio button. •...
  • Page 23 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Connection Mode • Connect on Demand - In this mode, the Internet connection can be terminated automatically after a specified inactivity period (Max Idle Time) and be re- established when you attempt to access the Internet again. If you want to keep your Internet connection active all the time, please enter 0 in the Max Idle Time field.
  • Page 24: Mac Clone

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Dynamic IP/ Static IP - Select either as required by your ISP. If Static IP is selected, please enter the IP address, subnet marsk, gateway and DNS also provided by your ISP. • Internet IP Address/ Internet DNS - The Internet IP address and DNS server address assigned by L2TP server.
  • Page 25: Lan

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Your PC’s MAC Address - This field displays the MAC address of the PC that is managing the router. If the MAC address is required, you can click Clone MAC Address and this MAC address will be filled in the WAN MAC Address field.
  • Page 26 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Wireless Network Name - Enter a string of up to 32 characters. The default SSID is TP-LINK_XXXX (XXXX indicates the last unique four numbers of each router’s MAC address). It is strongly recommended that you change your network name (SSID). This value is case-sensitive.
  • Page 27: Wps

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • MAC Address (to be bridged) - The MAC Address of the AP your Router is going to connect to as a client. You can also use the scan function to select the MAC Address to join.
  • Page 28 Chapter 4 Configure the Router 3. Within two minutes, press the WPS button on your client device. 4. A success message will appear on the WPS page if the client device has been successfully added to the router’s network. Method TWO: Enter the Client’s PIN 1.
  • Page 29: Wireless Security

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router 2. Enter the router’s current PIN on your client device to join the router’s Wi-Fi network. 4 3 3 Wireless Security 1. Visit http://tplinkwifi.net, and log in with the username and password you set for the router.
  • Page 30: Wireless Mac Filtering

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • WPA /WPA2-Enterprise - It’s based on Radius Server. • Authentication Type - Select Automatic, or WPA2. • Encryption - Select Automatic, TKIP or AES. • Radius Server IP - Enter the IP address of the Radius server. •...
  • Page 31: Wireless Advanced

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router 1 Visit http://tplinkwifi.net, and log in with the username and How can I password you set for the router. do that? 2 Go to Wireless > Wireless MAC Filtering. 3 Click Enable to enable the Wireless MAC Filtering function. 4 Select Allow the stations specified by any enabled entries in the list to access...
  • Page 32 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Transmit Power - Select High, Middle which you would like to specify for the router. High is the default setting and recommended. • Beacon Interval - Enter a value between 40-1000 milliseconds for Beacon Interval here.
  • Page 33: Wireless Statistics

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router 4 3 6 Wireless Statistics 1. Visit http://tplinkwifi.net, and log in with the username and password you set for the router. 2. Go to Wireless > Wireless Statistics to check the data packets sent and received by each client device connected to the router.
  • Page 34 Chapter 4 Configure the Router Enable the Guset Network function. Create a network name for your guest network. Configure the Security type. • To configure a secure network, select WPA/WPA2 - Personal and create a password for the guest network. Select Schedule from the...
  • Page 35: Dhcp

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router Note: The range of bandwidth for guest network is calculated according to the setting of Bandwidth Control on the Bandwidth Control > Control Settings page. Click Save. DHCP By default, the DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Server is enabled and the router acts as a DHCP server;...
  • Page 36: Dhcp Client List

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Default Domain (Optional) - Input the domain name of your network. • DNS Server (Optional) - Input the DNS IP address provided by your ISP. • Secondary DNS Server (Optional) - Input the IP address of another DNS server if your ISP provides two DNS servers.
  • Page 37: Forwarding

    LAN and realize some specific functions. The TP-Link router includes four forwarding rules. If two or more rules are set, the priority of implementation from high to low is Virtual Servers, Port Triggering, UPNP and DMZ.
  • Page 38 Chapter 4 Configure the Router example, the personal website has been built in my home PC (192.168.0.100). I hope that my friends on the Internet can visit my website in some way. My PC is connected to the router with the WAN IP address 218.18.232.154.
  • Page 39: Port Triggering

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Some specific service ports are forbidden by the ISP, if you fail to visit the website, please use another service port. 4 6 2 Port Triggering Port triggering can specify a triggering port and its corresponding external ports. When a host in the local network initiates a connection to the triggering port, all the external ports will be opened for subsequent connections.
  • Page 40: Upnp

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router between internal hosts and external hosts. The DMZ host becomes a virtual server with all ports opened. When you are not clear about which ports to open in some special applications, such as IP camera and database software, you can set the PC to be a DMZ host.
  • Page 41: Security

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router Tips: • UPnP is enabled by default in this router. • Only the application supporting UPnP protocol can use this feature. • UPnP feature needs the support of operating system (e.g. Windows Vista/ Windows 7/ Windows 8, etc. Some of operating system need to install the UPnP components).
  • Page 42 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Firewall - A firewall protects your network from Internet attacks. • SPI Firewall - SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection, also known as dynamic packet filtering) helps to prevent cyber attacks by tracking more state per session. It validates that the traffic passing through the session conforms to the protocol.
  • Page 43: Advanced Security

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • FTP ALG - To allow FTP clients and servers to transfer data across NAT, keep the default Enable. • TFTP ALG - To allow TFTP clients and servers to transfer data across NAT, keep the default Enable.
  • Page 44: Local Management

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • UDP-FLOOD Packets Threshold (5~3600) - The default value is 500. Enter a value between 5 ~ 3600. When the number of the current UPD-FLOOD packets is beyond the set value, the router will startup the blocking function immediately. •...
  • Page 45: Remote Management

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router MAC addresses can use the password to browse the built-in web pages to perform administrator tasks. 3 ) Click Add, and your PC’s MAC address will also be listed. 4 ) Click Save. Note: If your PC is blocked but you want to access the router again, press and hold the Reset button to reset the router to the factory defaults.
  • Page 46: Parental Controls

    For example, you want the children’s PC with the MAC address 00-11-22-33-44-AA can access www.tp-link.com on Saturday only while the parent PC with the MAC address 00-11-22-33-44-BB is without any restriction.
  • Page 47: Access Control

    (e.g. target_1) for the target in the Target Description field and enter the domain name, either the full name or the keywords (for example TP-Link) in the Add URL Address field. Note: Any URL address with keywords in it (e.g. www.tp-link.com) will be blocked or allowed.
  • Page 48 Chapter 4 Configure the Router 3 ) Click Save. 4 Go to Access Control > Schedule and configure the schedule settings: 1 ) Click New. 2 ) Create a unique description (e.g. schedule_1) for the schedule in the Schedule Description field and set the day(s) and time period.
  • Page 49: Advanced Routing

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router 3 ) Leave the status as Enabled as click Save. 6 Select Enable Internet Access Control to enable Access Control function. 7 Select Allow the packets specified by any enabled access control policy to pass through the Router as the default filter policy and click Save.
  • Page 50: System Routing Table

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router 2. Enter the following information. • Destination IP Address - The Destination Network is the address of the network or host that you want to assign to a static route. • Subnet Mask - The Subnet Mask determines which portion of an IP address is the network portion, and which portion is the host portion.
  • Page 51: Bandwidth Control

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Gateway - This is the IP address of the gateway device that allows for contact between the Router and the network or host. • Interface - This interface tells you whether the Destination IP Address is on the LAN & WLAN (internal wired and wireless networks), or the WAN (Internet).
  • Page 52: Ip & Mac Binding

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Egress Bandwidth - This field displays the max and min upload bandwidth through the WAN port. The default is 0. • Ingress Bandwidth - This field displays the max and min download bandwidth through the WAN port.
  • Page 53: Arp List

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router ¾ To add IP & MAC Binding entries: 1. Click New. 2. Select the Bind checkbox. 3. Enter the MAC address and IP address. 4. Click Save. ¾ To modify or delete an existing entry: 1.
  • Page 54: Dynamic Dns

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router An item can not be loaded to the IP & MAC Binding list if the IP address of the item has been loaded before. Error warning will prompt as well. Likewise, Load All only loads the items without interference to the IP & MAC Binding list. 4 13 Dynamic DNS The router offers the DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System) feature, which allows the...
  • Page 55 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Logout - Click Logout to log out of the DDNS service. No-ip DDNS If the dynamic DNS Service Provider you select is www.noip.com, the following page will appear. To set up for DDNS, follow these instructions: 1.
  • Page 56: Ipv6

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router To set up for DDNS, follow these instructions: 1. Enter the Domain Name received from your dynamic DNS service provider. 2. Enter the Username for your DDNS account. 3. Enter the Password for your DDNS account. 4.
  • Page 57: Ipv6 Wan

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • WAN - This section shows the current IPv6 information of the router’s WAN port, including Connection Type, IPv6 Address information, IPv6 Default Gateway, Primary IPv6 DNS Secondary IPv6 DNS. • LAN - This section shows the current IPv6 information of the router’s LAN port, including IPv6 Address Assign Type,...
  • Page 58 Chapter 4 Configure the Router • Tunnel 6to4 - Connections which use 6to4 address assignment. Dynamic IPv6 • IPv6 Address - The IPv6 address assigned by your ISP dynamically. • Prefix Length - The length of IPv6 address prefix. • IPv6 Gateway - Enter the default gateway provided by your ISP.
  • Page 59 Chapter 4 Configure the Router Static IPv6 • IPv6 Address - Enter the IPv6 address provided by your ISP. • Prefix Length - The length of IPv6 address prefix. • IPv6 Gateway - Enter the default gateway provided by your ISP. •...
  • Page 60: Ipv6 Lan

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router • PPP Username/Password - Enter the user name and password provided by your ISP. These fields are case-sensitive. • Authentication Type – Choose one authentication type from AUTO-AUTH, PAP, CHAP and MS-CHAP. • Addressing Type - There are two types of assignation for IPv6 address: SLAAC (Stateless address auto-configuration) and DHCPv6 (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6) Server.
  • Page 61: System Tools

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router Select the Address Autoconfiguration Type which determines the way how the router assigns IPv6 address for PCs on the LAN: • Address Autoconfiguration Type - RADAD (Router Advertisement Daemon) and DHCPv6 (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6) Server. •...
  • Page 62: Diagnostic

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router ¾ To set time manually: 1. Select your local time zone. 2. Enter the Date in Month/Day/Year format. 3. Enter the Time in Hour/Minute/Second format. 4. Click Save. ¾ To set time automatically: 5. Select your local time zone.
  • Page 63 Domain Name System (DNS) queries. • IP Address/Domain Name - Enter the destination IP address (such as 192.168.0.1) or Domain name (such as www.tp-link.com). • Pings Count - The number of Ping packets for a Ping connection.
  • Page 64: Cwmp Settings

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router Note: Only one user can use this tool at one time. Options “Ping Count”, “Ping Packet Size” and “Ping Timeout” are used for the Ping function. Option “Traceroute Max TTL” is used for the Tracert function. 4 15 3 CWMP Settings The router offers CWMP feature.
  • Page 65: Firmware Upgrade

    4 15 4 Firmware Upgrade TP-Link is dedicated to improving and richening the product features, giving users a better network experience. We will release the latest firmware at TP-Link official website. You can download the latest firmware file from the Support page of our website www.tp-link.com...
  • Page 66: Factory Defaults

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router 4 15 5 Factory Defaults 1. Visit http://tplinkwifi.net, and log in with the username and password you set for the router. 2. Go to System Tools > Factory Defaults. Click Restore to reset all settings to the default values.
  • Page 67: Reboot

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router ¾ To backup configuration settings: Click Backup to save a copy of the current settings in your local computer. A “.bin“ file of the current settings will be stored in your computer. ¾ To restore configuration settings: 1.
  • Page 68: System Log

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router It is strongly recommended that you change the default username and password of the router, for all users that try to access the router’s web-based utility or Quick Setup will be prompted for the router’s username and password. Note: The new username and password must not exceed 15 characters and not include any spacing.
  • Page 69: Statistics

    Chapter 4 Configure the Router 4 15 10 Statistics 1. Visit http://tplinkwifi.net, and log in with the username and password you set for the router. 2. Go to System Tools > Statistics. 3. Enable Traffic Statistics and click Save to get the network traffic of each PC on the LAN.
  • Page 70: Faq

    Q1 What should I do if I forget my wireless password? The default wireless password is printed on the label of the router. If the password has been altered, please connect your computer to the router using an Ethernet cable and follow the steps below: 1.
  • Page 71 3 ) Click LAN settings and deselect the following three options, and click OK.
  • Page 72 4 ) Go to Advanced > Restore advanced settings, and click to save the settings. • Use another web browser or computer to log in again. • Reset the router to factory default settings and try again. If the login still fails, please contact the technical support.
  • Page 73 192.168.0.1, the IP address of the extended router can be 192.168.0.2~192.168.0.254. We take 192.168.0.2 as example.) 2 ) Click Save. Note: Log in to the web management page again if the IP address of the router is altered. 3. Survey the SSID to be bridged: 1 ) Go to Wireless >...
  • Page 74 Q5 What should I do if I cannot access the internet even though the configuration is finished? Visit http://tplinkwifi.net, and log in with the username and password you set for the router. Go to Status to check WAN status: If IP Address is a valid one, please try the methods below and try again: •...
  • Page 75 • Modify the LAN IP address of the router. Note: Most TP-Link routers use 192.168.0.1/192.168.1.1 as their default LAN IP address, it may conflict with the IP range of your existent ADSL modem/router. If so, the router is not able to communicate with your modem and cause you can’t access the internet.
  • Page 76 2 ) Visit http://tplinkwifi.net, and log in with the username and password you set for the router. 3 ) Go to Network > WAN. 4 ) Select your WAN Connection Type and fill in other parameters. 5 ) Click Save. 6 ) Restart the modem and the router.
  • Page 77 2 ) Exit the wireless configuration tool (the TP-Link Utility, for example). 3 ) Select and right click My Computer...
  • Page 78 • Check the wireless signal strength of your network, if it is weak (1~3 bars), please move the router closer and try again. • Change the wireless Channel of the router to 1, 6, or 11 to reduce interference from other networks.
  • Page 79 Specifications are subject to change without notice. is a registered trademark of TP-Link Technologies Co., Ltd. Other brands and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. No part of the specifications may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative such as translation, transformation, or adaptation without permission from TP-Link Technologies Co., Ltd.
  • Page 80 FCC STATEMENT This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
  • Page 81 2412MHz—2472MHz(20dBm) 5180MHz—5240MHz(23dBm) EU declaration of conformity TP-Link hereby declares that the device is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of directives 2014/53/EU, 2009/125/EC and 2011/65/EU. The original EU declaration of conformity may be found at http://www.tp-link.com/en/ce RF Exposure Information This device meets the EU requirements (2014/53/EU Article 3.1a) on the limitation of...
  • Page 82 Please read and follow the above safety information when operating the device. We cannot guarantee that no accidents or damage will occur due to improper use of the device. Please use this product with care and operate at your own risk. For EU/EFTA, this product can be used in the following countries: Explanations of the symbols on the product label Symbol...