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Sony XCL-CG510 Technical Manual

Digital video camera module
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C-629-100-11 (1)
Digital Video
Camera Module
Technical Manual
© 2017 Sony Corporation


Table of Contents

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  Summary of Contents for Sony XCL-CG510

  • Page 1 C-629-100-11 (1) Digital Video Camera Module Technical Manual XCL-CG510/CG510C © 2017 Sony Corporation...
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Frame Rate ............25 Table of Contents Auto frame rate ..........25 Specifying frame rate ........26 Displaying frame rate ........26 Fastest frame rate for partial scanning ....26 Overview White Balance ............27 Features..............3 LUT................ 27 Phenomena Specific to Image Sensors ....4 Binarization ............
  • Page 3: Overview

    • XCL-CG510C (color models) Switching an Output Bit Length In this document, we refer to “Digital Video Camera Module” as “the unit”, “XCL-CG510” as “Monochrome You can select 8-bit output, 10-bit output or 12-bit camera”, and “XCL-CG510C” as “Color camera”.
  • Page 4: Phenomena Specific To Image Sensors

    Phenomena Specific to Image Sensors Note The following phenomena that may occur in images are specific to image sensors. They do not indicate a malfunction. White flecks Although the image sensors are produced with high- precision technologies, fine white flecks may be generated on the screen in rare cases, caused by cosmic rays, etc.
  • Page 5: System Components

    If you use a camera module interface board with support for PoCL, be sure to use a camera link cable with support for PoCL. Spotted noise may appear in a specific brightness in the window according to the attribute of the cable. If this noise is an obstacle, use a shorter cable. Camera Link cable (Sony Camera-compatible)
  • Page 6: Connection

    Connection Camera Link cable Camera module interface board Camera module C-mount lens TRIG Camera cable Internal signal CCXC-12P02N Camera adaptor output CCXC-12P05N Tripod adaptor DC-700/700CE CCXC-12P10N VCT-333I CCXC-12P25N * If the camera module interface board for the camera supports PoCL, the camera can be operated even if the items within the dashed line are not connected.
  • Page 7: Location And Function Of Parts And Operation

    Using a tripod Location and Function To use the tripod, install the tripod adaptor VCT-333I of Parts and Operation (not supplied) on the camera module. Use a tripod screw with a protrusion (4) extending from the installation surface, as follows, and tighten it, using a screwdriver.
  • Page 8: Rear

    Interface connector and operate a camera module in the Rear external trigger mode. The following table shows the relation between the pin numbers of the DIGITAL Interface connector and the input/output signals and the like. 26 13 25 12 Pin No. Signal Pin No.
  • Page 9: Connecting The Cables

    Connecting the cables Controlling the camera from the host device You can control the camera from host device such as a computer. You can send a command corresponding to the control items, with parameters for the desired settings, if necessary, from the host device to control the camera. Refer to “Camera Control Commands”...
  • Page 10: When Mounting The Camera

    When mounting the camera When the value read from the temperature sensor is above 75 °C (167 °F), heat dissipation is required. For more information about reading from the temperature sensor, see “Temperature Readout Function” (page 32). To promote heat dissipation from the unit and maintain the performance, mount the camera to a metallic base to fix.
  • Page 11: Connections

    Connections Communication Setting Use the serial port assigned to the image input board for the camera. Communication settings are shown in the table below. Echo back is performed for input commands. Echo back can be set OFF to accelerate command responses. Commands are not case sensitive. Baud rate 921600/460800/230400/115200/57600/38400/19200/14400/9600 Data bit...
  • Page 12: Camera Link Output Settings

    Camera link output settings Camera link tap can be selected from 1, 2 or 3. Camera link clock frequency can be selected from 45 MHz or 75 MHz. By turning down the clock frequency, the length of the camera link cable can be extended because of durability improvement against the attenuation of image signals.
  • Page 13: Data Order

    Data Order Figures below show the data order when an image of M × N pixels is transmitted in 1tap/2tap/3tap. STROBE 1tap Video output STROBE 2tap Video output STROBE 3tap Video output 1tap M × N pixels 2tap M × N pixels...
  • Page 14: 3Tap

    3tap M × N pixels Port assignment Camera link port allocation to image signal output data of this unit complies with Camera Link V2.0 specifications. Color pixel array Signals of all pixels are output sequentially according to the Bayer Array corresponding to the settings of image grip. Reverse X Reverse Y Location...
  • Page 15: Trigger Signal Input

    Trigger Signal Input Trigger signals can be input via the 7th, 10th, 11th pins of the DC power input connector, the CC1, CC2, CC3, CC4 pins of the DIGITAL Interface connector, or the software command. Switchover of the trigger signal can be changed via the TRG-SRC command.
  • Page 16: Gpio Connector

    DIGITAL Interface connector specifications 0.30 to 0.40 V 0.30 to 0.40 V 1.125 to 1.375 V GPIO Connector The DC power input connector 7th, 10th, 11th are the GPI connector and the 4th, 6th, 9th are the GPO connector. The trigger reset pin is the DC power input connector 11th pin (GPI1).
  • Page 17: Functions

    Functions Partial Scan Only the area selected from the effective pixel area can be read out. Clearing unnecessary parts at high-speed allows high-speed reading. The area size is selected by the HEIGHT and WIDTH commands, and the read beginning point is selected by the OFFSETX and OFFSETY commands.
  • Page 18: Binning

    Binning Gain By adding 2 vertical pixels or 2 horizontal pixels, the frame rate is increased the sensitivity. The color camera Manual gain cannot set this. This can be set with or without a trigger. Manual gain can be set finely in 0.1dB increments. Partial scan can be used concurrently and horizontal and Although the settable lower/upper limit values of the vertical can be set at the same time.
  • Page 19: Area Gain

    Shutter (Exposure) Configuring the setting The setting is configured in µs unit. If you do not prioritize the image quality, you can set it up to 60 sec during operation. If the exposure time is long, it will be easier to see the pixel defects. Command Parameter 1 to 60000000...
  • Page 20: Trigger Control

    Trigger Control Free run/trigger mode Free run The camera operates without a trigger signal and performs the video output operation continuously after the shutter (exposure) is finished. The horizontal and vertical timing signals are generated within the camera. During the free-run operation, image pickup timing cannot be controlled.
  • Page 21: Special Trigger

    Special trigger When operating in trigger mode and performing image pickup in different conditions (such as the shutter, gain, and image pickup area), the setting has to be changed in advance for each trigger input. However, if the special trigger operation is enabled, the setting does not have to be changed and continuous image pick up in different conditions is facilitated.
  • Page 22: Burst Trigger

    Bulk SP-TRG-MODE=1, SP-TRG-POL=0, SP-TRG-F-CNT=3 in the figure. Trigger signal Exposure Sensor output Setting 1 Setting 2 Setting 3 Sequential SP-TRG-MODE=2, SP-TRG-POL=0, SP-TRG-F-CNT=3 in the figure. Trigger signal Exposure Sensor output Setting 1 Setting 2 Setting 3 5 ms or longer Burst trigger Exposure can be repeated continuously with one trigger signal.
  • Page 23: Trigger Source

    Trigger edge detection (EXP-MODE=0) TRG-BST-F-CNT=8 TRG-BST-MODE=1 (DualExposureTime) Trigger signal Exposure EXP2-TIME EXP2-TIME EXP2-TIME EXP2-TIME Trigger width detection (EXP-MODE=1) TRG-BST-F-CNT=7 TRG-BST-MODE=1 (DualExposureTime) Trigger signal Exposure a × EXP2-RAT a × EXP2-RAT a × EXP2-RAT Trigger states Free run SP-TRG-MODE TRG-MODE Bulk Sequential Trigger mode Trigger edge detection...
  • Page 24: Trigger Inhibition

    Trigger inhibition Trigger input can be disabled. This function is effective when disabling the trigger signal to a specific camera in the environment where multiple cameras are connected by the same trigger signal and when preventing false operations caused by noise contamination to the trigger signal line (due to the installed environment). Trigger signal Trigger inhibition Trigger...
  • Page 25: Trigger Range Limit

    Trigger range limit Only signals in the set trigger width can be accepted as the trigger signal. This functions as a noise filter, which removes chattering or disturbance noise in the trigger signal line. This also functions as a trigger selector, whereby only a specific camera can be operated by the trigger when multiple cameras share one trigger signal line.
  • Page 26: Specifying Frame Rate

    Specifying frame rate The frame rate of the video output can be specified in the free-run operation. The value of the frame rate [fps] × 1,000,000 should be entered. The frame rate faster than the fastest frame rate cannot be set. Command Parameter FRAMERATE...
  • Page 27: White Balance

    Binarization White Balance The binarization threshold can be changed. The white balance can be automatically adjusted once when the WHITEBALANCE-AUTO command is Command Parameter executed. The detection area is set to the screen center BINARIZATION 0 to 2047 to 4095 by default.
  • Page 28: 3 × 3 Filter

    Save LUT Test Chart Output When you change the settings, save them using the LUT- SAVE command. For monochrome camera, monochrome chart can be set. For color camera, monochrome chart or color chart can Command be set. LUT-SAVE Command Parameter Setting TESTCHART Monochrome chart...
  • Page 29: Gpio

    GPIO The value can be checked by detecting the signals input to the DC power input connector 7th, 10th, and 11th using the GPI command. Since all pins are pulled up, 1 (Hi level) is returned if they are opened. Command Parameter 7/10/11...
  • Page 30 GPO output system diagram (example of GPO1) Trigger signal Exposure Sensor output Trigger through signal Exposure signal Sensor readout signal LVAL GPO1 (DC power FVAL input connector #4) PULSE-DUTY Pulse train generator PULSE-CYCLE STRB-DLY (GPO1) Strobe control signal (GPO1) STRB-TIME (GPO1) USER-OUTPUT 1 USER-OUTPUT 2 USER-OUTPUT 3...
  • Page 31: Sensor Readout (Sensor Output)

    Sensor Readout (Sensor Output) This signal indicates that exposure has completed and the image sensor has entered the video output sequence (enabled only when operating the trigger mode). Output is available from the GPO2 or 3 terminals. The sensor readout signal is asserted before optical black (OB) and the effective pixel area is output.
  • Page 32: Temperature Readout Function

    Execute clear defect point detection. Temperature Readout Detection takes four times the EXP time setting. The output levels on the same x coordinate axis are Function shown below. The levels uniformly indicate around 1000 steps when an all-black image is taken, but defect pixels (at high levels) are present in some The camera’s internal temperature can be read from the locations.
  • Page 33: Shading Correction

    Select the data for applying defect correction. Shading Correction To apply the pixels detected in steps 3 and 4, select 2. To apply factory settings, select 0. To apply values that have been saved, select 1. Depending on the characteristics of the lens, shadings >DEFECT-PATTERN-LOAD 2 caused by a drop in the amount of light around the lens, or light source variation, are corrected.
  • Page 34 Shading detection setup procedure Determine the effect of shading correction. > SHADING-PATTERN-CHECK Fix the lens and lighting conditions. Save shading pattern. Make an adjustment by assuming the brightest level >SHADING-PATTERN-SAVE 0 as the target level in the peak detection mode, where the condition of the brightness is not uniform due to Readout the saved pattern.
  • Page 35: User Set

    User Set Free Memory Main set values can be saved to the channels 1 to 16 of Signed 32-bit numbers can be saved and loaded to 8192 USERSET. Refer to “Command List” (page 38) for areas. items to be saved. The factory setting is saved to channel 0, which cannot be overwritten.
  • Page 36: Initializing

    The model name of a camera or its firmware information can be read out. Error information Command Read out items acquisition VENDOR Manufacture name (SONY) MODEL Model name When an Access Denied error occurs, you can check the details of the error from the excluded controls. VERSION Firmware version...
  • Page 37: Camera Control Commands

    Camera Control Commands Command Form When inputting commands, separate a command and a parameter by a space, and press <Carriage Return> to confirm. Commands are not case sensitive. Lower case can be used for input strings on USER-ID. Input format and an input example are shown below.
  • Page 38: Command List

    This item is initialized if a reset or reboot command is executed. FactoryDefault This item is initialized if a Factory-Default command is executed. Device User Special User Device Factory Trigger Reset Default Command Access Parameter XCL-CG510 XCL-CG510C Save Load Reset VENDOR – SONY – – – – – – MODEL –...
  • Page 39 Device User Special User Device Factory Trigger Reset Default Command Access Parameter XCL-CG510 XCL-CG510C Save Load Reset CAMERALINK-TAP / 1 / (2) / 3 – – – CL-TAP BASE-CLOCK Freq (75) / 45 – – – – TESTCHART Mode (0) / 1...
  • Page 40 Device User Special User Device Factory Trigger Reset Default Command Access Parameter XCL-CG510 XCL-CG510C Save Load Reset EXPOSURE-AUTO / Mode (0) / 1 / 2 – – – EXPOSURE-AUTO- 1 to (192) to 256 – – – SPEED / AE-SPEED...
  • Page 41 Device User Special User Device Factory Trigger Reset Default Command Access Parameter XCL-CG510 XCL-CG510C Save Load Reset GAIN-AUTO-OFFSETY OffsetY 0 to (25) to 99 – – – / AGC-OFFSETY GAIN-RED-FINE Step – 256 to *2 to – – 4095 / RGAIN-FINE...
  • Page 42 Device User Special User Device Factory Trigger Reset Default Command Access Parameter XCL-CG510 XCL-CG510C Save Load Reset SPATIAL-FILTER- Element 00 / 01 / 02 / – – 10 / 11 / 12 / VALUE / SP-FL-VAL 20 / 21 / 22 /...
  • Page 43: Specifications

    Flange focal length MTBF About 9.3 years 17.526 mm Vibration resistance Video output signal 10 G (20 Hz to 200 Hz) XCL-CG510: Shock resistance Mono 8 bits (default setting)/10 bits/ 70 G 12 bits External dimension (w/h/d) XCL-CG510C: 29 × 29 × 30 mm (1 ×...
  • Page 44: Timing Chart

    Timing Chart Horizontal timing Constant regardless of the trigger mode, binning, and partial scanning. DVAL and LVAL are the same signal. LVAL DVAL STROBE Video output BASE-CLOCK CAMERALINK-TAP 2480 to 2484 WIDTH / CAMERALINK- 1248 to 1252 840 to 844 2480 to 2484 1248 to 1252 840 to 844...
  • Page 45: Trigger Latency/Exporure Time

    Trigger latency/Exporure time The time value from the trigger acceptance to exposure start (trigger latency) is listed below. Trigger signal Exposure Exposure time Sensor output Trigger latency Trigger latency Exposure time approx. 0.2 µs ExposureTime ± (approx. 0 µs to approx. 13 µs)
  • Page 46: Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical Values)

    Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical Values) XCL-CG510 XCL-CG510C...
  • Page 47: Dimensions

    Dimensions 14.5 ( 2-M2 Depth 3 29 (1 12 ( 30 (1 7.3 ( 15 ( 23.7 ( 4-M2 Depth 3 16.5 ( 22 ( 3-M3 Depth 3 42 (1 Unit: mm (inches)
  • Page 48 Technical information contained herein is for reference only and does not convey any license by any implication or otherwise under any intellectual property right or other right of Sony or third parties. Sony cannot assume responsibility for any right infringements arising out of the use of this information. Sony Corporation...

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