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Sony SX90 Technical Manual

Digital camera module
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A-CUJ-100-12 (1)
Digital Camera
Module
Technical Manual
XCD-V60CR/SX90CR/U100CR
(Color model)
XCD-V60/SX90/U100
(Black and white model)
© 2007 Sony Corporation

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  Summary of Contents for Sony SX90

  • Page 1 A-CUJ-100-12 (1) Digital Camera Module Technical Manual XCD-V60CR/SX90CR/U100CR (Color model) XCD-V60/SX90/U100 (Black and white model) © 2007 Sony Corporation...
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Control of IIDC Standard Features ...22 The formula for absolute value shutter control register address ...25 Control of IIDC Optional Features ...26 Control of Sony’s Unique Features ...27 LUT (LookUp Table) ...27 3 × 3 Filter ...28 Display of Test Chart ...28 Trigger Inhibition ...29...
  • Page 3: Overview

    The image device, output frame rate and resolution of the cameras are as follows: XCD-V60/V60CR: 1/3-type PS IT CCD, 90 fps, VGA XCD-SX90/SX90CR: 1/3-type PS IT CCD, 30 fps, SXGA XCD-U100/U100CR: 1/1.8-type PS IT CCD, 15 fps, UXGA Daisy chain connection The camera is equipped with two IEEE1394b connectors that support connection of multiple cameras.
  • Page 4: System Components

    Select an IEEE1394b interface board if you use the transfer speed of 800 Mbps. 5 VCT-ST70I tripod adaptor (Sony) Attach this adaptor to the bottom of the camera module to fix the camera module to a tripod. 6 DC-700/700CE camera adaptor (Sony)
  • Page 5: Connection Diagram

    Connection Diagram XCD-V60/V60CR/SX90/ SX90CR/U100/U100CR C-mount lens IEEE1394b cable VCT-ST70I Tripod Adaptor Host adaptor card Host equipment (PC, etc.)
  • Page 6: Location And Function Of Parts And Operation

    Location and Function of Parts and Operation Front/Top/Bottom 1 Lens mount (C-mount) Attach any C-mount lens or other optical equipment. Note The lens must not project more than 10 mm (13/32 inch) from the lens mount. 1 Lens mount face 210 mm (13/32 inch) or less 2 Auxiliary holes (top) 3 Reference holes (bottom) These precision screw holes are for locking the...
  • Page 7: Installation

    Installation Fitting the lens Remove the lens mount cap. Screw in the lens (not supplied), and turn it until it is secured. Note Clean the optical filter with a commercially available blower brush to remove dust. Using a tripod To use the tripod, install the VCT-ST70I tripod adaptor (not supplied) on the camera module.
  • Page 8: Notes On Operation

    Notes on Operation Power supply Power is supplied to the camera module via the IEEE1394b cable connected to a PC. If the power supply is insufficient, use the DC-700/700CE that supplies stable power with less ripple or noise. Foreign bodies Be careful not to spill liquids, or drop any flammable or metal objects in the camera body.
  • Page 9: Functions

    Functions Gain Both Manual and Auto Gain settings are available with this camera. The variable range extends from 0 to 24 dB for the black and white models or from 0 to 18 dB for the color models. The camera is designed so that the gain can be subdivided and set by 0.0359 dB.
  • Page 10: Auto Exposure

    Auto Exposure AutoExposure is a function that automatically adjusts the gain and shutter settings, based on the brightness of the subject. When the gain or shutter is set to Auto, the brightness is adjusted automatically to the value specified with AutoExposure. Gamma This camera uses the gamma function to select the lookup table.
  • Page 11: Trigger

    Trigger Trigger shutter is useful for capturing images in response to a trigger that starts the exposure to match a preset timing. It can also be used to capture an image using multiple cameras with the same timing. When a trigger shutter is used, the required trigger is input via the 12-pin connector on the rear panel.
  • Page 12: Pan/Tilt

    Pan/Tilt Pan/Tilt is a function used to move a camera up and down or left and right. However this camera supports a video mode much smaller than the CCD’s effective pixels by cutting out images from the whole screen. You can specify the portion to be cut out using Pan/Tilt commands.
  • Page 13: Strobe Control

    Strobe Control A strobe control signal is assigned in the 12-pin connector. This allows direct command of light- emission from the strobe connected to the camera and controls the light-emission timing and the signal width. The output terminal is of the open-collector type and should be pulled at the strobe side.
  • Page 14: Memory Shot

    Memory Shot The camera is equipped with Memory Shot that temporarily stores an image in the frame memory inside the camera and transfers it later. When multiple cameras are connected in the same bus, all the cameras may not output images at the same time due to the restriction of 800 Mbps band.
  • Page 15: Partial Scan

    Partial Scan The partial scan is a function for outputting part of a whole image as a region of interest on the whole image. Based on the unit cell as the unit, continuous parts can be selected. Only rectangles can be selected. The screen cannot be cut in convex and L shapes.
  • Page 16: Binning Mode

    Binning Mode The mode used when the sensitivity is increased and the frame rate is multiplied based on mixing the CCD pixel data, is called the Binning mode. There are two types of binning: 1 × 2 binning when the output image is compressed in the vertical direction only, and 2 ×...
  • Page 17: Control

    Control Camera Command Status Register This camera complies with IIDC 1394-based Digital Camera Specification, Version 1.31 (hereinafter referred to as IIDC v1.31). The standards document can be purchased from 1394TA (the 1394 Trade Association). As it is very helpful in understanding the explanations in this Technical Manual, we recommend that you purchase a copy of IIDC v1.31.
  • Page 18: Configurationrom

    The serial number and firmware version of the camera are stored in ConfigurationROM to be used when required. Note that the setting method for the serial number and firmware version information is of Sony’s unique specification and is not compatible with cameras of other manufacturers.
  • Page 19 Vender Name Leaf 464h 468h 470ch For offset address 464h, the length of the VendorNameLeaf is 3 Quadlets. The subsequent 8 bytes are fixed at 00. After that, the four characters for “SONY” are entered. ModelNameLeaf Offset Model Name Leaf 474h 478h...
  • Page 20: Control Base Address

    ConfigrationROM. F0F00000h is the control base address on this camera. Inquiring about Supported Video Modes First, we will find out what video formats are supported. Address XCD-V60/ XCD-SX90/ V60CR SX90CR F0F00100h 81000000h E1000000h Next, for each format, we will find out which video modes are supported.
  • Page 21: Video Mode Settings (S800)

    As examples, the register settings for Format0, Mode5, and a frame rate of 60 fps for the XCD-V60; Format2, Mode2, and a frame rate of 30 fps for the XCD-SX90, and Format2, Mode5, and a frame rate of 15 fps for the XCD-U100 are shown.
  • Page 22: Control Of Iidc Standard Features

    Control of IIDC Standard Features Before transmitting the control command, check the variable ranges of settings and if there is an automatic mode for each feature. As the variable ranges of the settings vary with video modes for the Pan and Tilt features, be sure to check them if the video mode is changed.
  • Page 23 Address Data F0F0051Ch CB00347Eh (Shutter) F0F00520h 8B000***h (Gain) F0F00530h 8C81C003h (Trigger) F0F00534h 89000FFFh (TriggerDelay) F0F00584h 89******h (Pan) F0F00588h 89******h (Tilt) F0F0058Ch 89000***h (OpticalFilter) * According to the IEEE 1394 specifications, the most significant bit is shown as 0, and the least significant bit as 31. This feature exists.
  • Page 24 Actual control can be carried out by setting registers from F0F00800 onward. ddd indicates the control value expressed as a 12 bit hexadecimal number. xxx indicates that any setting made will be ignored. Brightness control Address Data F0F00800 82000ddd Adjusts the black level. AE reference control Address Data...
  • Page 25: The Formula For Absolute Value Shutter Control Register Address

    Pan/Tilt control Address Data F0F00884 82000ddd Sets Pan manually. F0F00888 82000ddd Sets Tilt manually. Optical Filter control Address Data F0F0088C 882000ddd For black and white models, selects 3 × 3 filter. For color models, changes the Bayer pattern. The Bayer output pattern changes by shifting one pixel at the image output starting position from right to left and/...
  • Page 26: Control Of Iidc Optional Features

    Control of IIDC Optional Features Check if the camera is equipped with optional features by reading bit 3 of BASIC_FUNC_INQ. Address F0F00400 9080018F (BASIC_FUNC_INQ) Check the supported feature by reading Opt_Function_Inq. Address Data F0F0040Ch 50000000h Opt_Function _Inq PIO control Check the offset address of PIO. Address Data Control register address...
  • Page 27: Control Of Sony's Unique Features

    Control of Sony’s Unique Features LUT (LookUp Table) Enabling writing the Lookup table Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000 08004600 F0F30004 0030FFFF F0F30008 80000000 Disabling writing the Lookup table Write the following three commands in sequence.
  • Page 28: 3 × 3 Filter

    3 × 3 Filter Enabling writing the filter Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000 08004600 F0F30004 0031FFFF F0F30008 80000000 Disabling writing the filter Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000 08004600 F0F30004 0031FFFF F0F30008 00000000 When writing of the filter is enabled, the addresses...
  • Page 29: Trigger Inhibition

    Trigger Inhibition Enabling Trigger inhibition Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000 08004600 F0F30004 0032FFFF F0F30008 80000000 Disabling Trigger inhibition Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000 08004600 F0F30004 0032FFFF F0F30008 00000000 User Free Memory Enabling User free memory Write the following three commands in sequence.
  • Page 30: Setting Awb (Auto White Balance) Parameters

    Setting AWB (Auto White Balance) Parameters Enabling AWB parameter setting Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000 08004600 F0F30004 0034FFFF F0F30008 80000000 The detection frame is highlighted. Disabling AWB parameter setting Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000...
  • Page 31: Memory Shot

    Memory Shot Switching to Memory shot mode Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000 08004600 F0F30004 0010FFFF F0F30008 80000000 Switching to normal mode Write the following three commands in sequence. Address Data F0F30000 08004600 F0F30004 0010FFFF F0F30008 00000000 When the Memory shot mode is set, the following control registers become effective.
  • Page 32: Notes On The Camera Operations

    Notes on the Camera Operations If Frame Rate Decrease Occurs On this camera, frame rate may decrease depending on your shutter settings. a When the exposure time is shorter than one frame, and the exposure time setting is shortened using the shutter b When the shutter is set to Auto, and the exposure time decreases automatically...
  • Page 33: Specifications

    800 × 600 Mono8/16 640 × 480 Mono8/16 15 to 1.875 fps 1600 × 1200 Mono8/16* 800 × 600 (Binning) 1600 × 600 (Binning) s (182) (XCD-SX90), s (258) s (182) (XCD-SX90CR), 3 W (12 V) 56270 Hrs (Approx. 6.4 years)
  • Page 34: Video Modes Supported

    1024 × 768 Color Frame Rate Coding 640 × 480 Mono8 1.875 3.75 640 × 480 Mono16 1.875 3.75 800 × 600 Mono8 Mono8 1.875 3.75 800 × 600 Mono16 3.75 Mono16 1.875 3.75 XCD-V60/ XCD-SX90/ XCD-U100/ V60CR SX90CR U100CR...
  • Page 35 1.875 3.75 Mono8 1.875 3.75 Mono16 1.875 3.75 Mono16 1.875 3.75 XCD-V60 XCD- XCD-SX90 V60CR SX90CR Depends on the area. 180 fps 60 fps 180 fps 60 fps 90 fps 90 fps 30 fps 90 fps 90 fps The frame rates indicate the values in 8-bit mode and under S800 conditions.
  • Page 36: Appendix

    Wave Length [nm] XCD-V60CR Spectral sensitivity (relative response) parameters (without lens and light source parameters) Wave Length [nm] XCD-SX90 Spectral sensitivity (relative response) parameters (without lens and light source parameters) XCD-SX90CR Spectral sensitivity (relative response) parameters (without lens and light source parameters)
  • Page 37 XCD-U100CR Spectral sensitivity (relative response) parameters (without lens and light source parameters) Wave Length [nm]...
  • Page 38: Dimensions

    Dimensions 2 - M3, depth 4 – M3, depth 44 (1 4 - M3, depth 4 - M3, depth 13 ( 65.5 (2 (8 ( 57.5 (2 50 (2) 12-pin connector IEEE1394b connector Unit: mm (inches)
  • Page 39 Technical information contained herein is for reference only and does not convey any license by any implication or otherwise under any intellectual property right or other right of Sony or third parties. Sony cannot assume responsibility for any right infringements arising out of the use of this information. Sony Corporation...