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NEC ALM 12V7 s-Series User Manual

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ALM
12V7 s-Series User's Guide
End User Documentation
406014-02EN, Rev. 05
This document contains the proprietary information of
NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. and may not be reproduced,
retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for
any reason without NEC Energy Solutions' prior written
consent.
April 21, 2016
© 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved.
www.neces.com

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   Summary of Contents for NEC ALM 12V7 s-Series

  • Page 1

    12V7 s-Series User’s Guide End User Documentation 406014-02EN, Rev. 05 © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. and may not be reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NEC Energy Solutions’...

  • Page 2

    REPRESENTATIONS. Trademarks NEC and the NEC logo are registered trademarks of NEC Corporation. ALM is a registered trademark and EverSafe is a trademark of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. A123 Systems and Nanophosphate are registered trademarks of A123 Systems, LLC. All other trademarks used herein are the property of their respective owners.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 3 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 4

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 4 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 5

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 5 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 6

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 6 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 7: Preface

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 7 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 8

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 8 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 9: Chapter 1 Introducing The Alm ® 12v7 S-series Batteries

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 9 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 10: Alm ® 12v7 S-series Product Line

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 10 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 11: Chapter 2 Regulatory Compliance

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 11 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 12: Environmental Regulations

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 12 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 13: Regulations Overview

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 13 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 14: Example Of Steps To Obtain Or Ensure Regulatory Compliance

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 14 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 15: Chapter 3 Handling, Storage And Installation

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 15 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 16: Mounting

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 16 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 17

    ALM 12V7 s-Series battery’s circuitry. • Do not connect the ALM 12V7 s-Series to an inductive load such as a DC motor without the use of a motor controller. An “on-off” switch does not constitute a motor controller. Using the batteries directly with DC motors can permanently damage the battery.

  • Page 18: Terminal Specifications

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 18 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 19: Configuring Batteries In A Parallel Group (1s2p Up To 4s10p)

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 19 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 20

    Chapter 3: Handling, Storage and Installation NOTE The ALM 12V7 s-Series is UL Recognized as a standalone battery only and has not been evaluated by UL (or any other regulatory agency) for series and/or parallel configuration. NEC Energy Solutions has successfully conducted noncertification testing witnessed by UL on multi- battery arrays in series/parallel configurations.

  • Page 21: Transportation And Storage

    (15,240 meters). • ALM 12V7 s-Series batteries have been tested to 11.6 kPa 20 °C ±5 °C at 20 °C ±5 °C. Transport et Entreposage Lors du stockage ou du transport des batteries ALM 12V7 s-Séries, NEC Energy Solutions recommande la suite: •...

  • Page 22: Disposal

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 22 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 23: Chapter 4 Alm ® 12v7 S-series Specifications

    Current that exceeds this value will be interrupted by the battery’s protection circuitry. Although high ripple current at low frequencies (60Hz/120Hz) is not recommended, the ALM 12V7 s-Series battery will support average ripple current with peaks up to 53 amps without any adverse effects. As a comparative example, the maximum ripple current for a typical AGM (absorbent glass mat) 12 volt 7 Ah VRLA battery (@ 20hr rate) would be 7 Ah/20 hr or 0.35 amps.

  • Page 24: Alm 12v7 S-series Environmental Specifications

    Storing ALM 12V7 s-Series batteries in temperatures above +35°C can significantly reduce the storage time. See Shelf Life page 42. ALM 12V7 s-Series batteries have been tested to 11.6 kPa (50,000 ft) at 20 °C ±5 °C. 406014-02EN, Rev. 05 © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved.

  • Page 25: Spécifications Electriques De L' 12v7 S-séries Alm

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 25 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 26: Physical Specifications

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 26 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 27: Alm 12v7 S-series Mechanical Dimensions

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 27 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 28: Chapter 5 Operation And System Design Considerations

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 28 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 29: Over Discharge Protection Under Voltage Protection (uvp)

    The ALM 12V7 s-Series is designed to enter an Under Voltage Protection (UVP) state if any cell drops below 2 volts. In the UVP state, the ALM 12V7 s-Series battery will disconnect its terminals causing the output voltage to drop to 0 volts. Slight differences in the cells’ state of charges lead to differences between the cell voltages, especially at low states of charge.

  • Page 30: Smart Charger Support

    ALM12V7 s-Series batteries are designed to enter an Over Voltage Protection (OVP) state if any cell rises above 4.1 volts. In the OVP state, the ALM 12V7 s-Series will disconnect its terminals and not accept further charge current. To exit the OVP state, apply a load to discharge to the battery.

  • Page 31: High Temperature Operation

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 31 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 32: Capacité Thermique Et Delta État De Charge, Début De La Vie

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 32 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 33: Low Temperature Operation

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 33 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 34: Charge Limits And Temperatures

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 34 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 35: Charge Rate By Temperature

    For charge acceptance, do not exceed the limits specified. For the higher temperatures (and charging rates), exceeding these rates may result in engaging the ALM 12V7 s-Series protection circuitry. For lower temperatures, exceeding these rates will result in a shorter battery life.

  • Page 36: Charging Multiple Batteries

    (14.4 V), as shown in Equation Eq. 1 (Number of Series Connected ALM 12V7 s-Series Batteries) x (14.4V) = Max Charge Voltage, Battery System. Table 15 shows Recommended Float and Maximum Charge voltages.

  • Page 37: Tension De Maintien Et Les Tensions Charge Maximale

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 37 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 38: Discharge Performance

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 38 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 39: Alm 12v7 S-series Typical Constant Power Discharge Behavior At 25 °c

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 39 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 40: Alm 12v7 S-series Typical 50w Constant Power Discharge Behavior

    12V7 s-Series User’s Guide Chapter 5: Operation and System Design Considerations Voltage drop in the ALM 12V7 s-Series is an inverse function of the ALM 12V7 s-Series battery’s internal temperature. As the internal temperature of the ALM 12V7 s-Series drops, the impedance rises leading to an increased voltage drop.

  • Page 41: Balancing

    Balancing Over time, the ALM 12V7 s-Series cells diverge in both capacity and SOC. All ALM 12V7  s-Series batteries perform cell voltage balancing at high SOC values based on cell voltage to maximize the available capacity of the battery. The balancing circuit’s purpose is to drive all cells to the same voltage.

  • Page 42: Shelf Life

    Storage temperatures above 25 °C accelerate the rate of self-discharge and reduce the shelf life. At 10% SOC, the ALM 12V7 s-Series battery has about 5% of usable energy, on average, before entering into an Under Voltage Protection (UVP) state as described in Over Discharge 406014-02EN, Rev.

  • Page 43

    Under Voltage Protection UVP state there is a limited time that the battery can remain without being charged. If the ALM 12V7 s-Series battery is discharged to the UVP 5% SOC level, it has approximately 30 days in this state, at 25 °C, before reaching its lowest power mode called the Under Voltage Lock-Out (UVLO) state.

  • Page 44: Chapter 6 Troubleshooting

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 44 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 45: Alm12v7s Hp Troubleshooting And Solutions

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 45 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 46: Appendix A Operational Protection Hardware Circuitry

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 46 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 47: Appendix B Acronyms And Terminology

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 47 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 48

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 48 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 49: Related Documents And Resources

    © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 49 of 49 This document contains the proprietary information of NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. (“NECES”) and may not be modified, reproduced, retransmitted or redistributed, either in whole or in part, for any reason without NECES’ prior written consent.

  • Page 50

    NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. 155 Flanders Road Westborough, MA 01581 Technical Support Phone:  508-497-7100 service@neces.com Part Number: 406014-02EN © 2016 NEC Energy Solutions, Inc. All Rights Reserved. www.neces.com...

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