Combustion air requirements
The BOSCH water heater holds cold water in its
copper heat exchanger and water valve when not in use.
Because of this, any cold air that comes down through
the unit's vent pipe is capable of freezing these
components. This Installation Manual specifies the
minimum vertical vent pipe and the amount of
combustion air required for this unit. When all
requirements are followed, the unit will operate properly
and safely. However, there may still be a risk of freezing
due to negative draft if all the combustion appliances in
the building or structure are not being supplied with a
sufficient amount of make-up air. A wood stove or
furnace can pull outside air down through the BOSCH
vent pipe and across the heat exchanger tubing. If the
air is cold enough, the heat exchanger is at risk of
freezing and bursting. Supplying more combustion air
for all combustion appliances is the solution. Follow the
instruction on venting and checking the adequacy of
make up air. A HVAC specialist should be consulted on
how to provide more combustion air if necessary.
Appliances located in unconfined spaces:
a) An unconfined space is one whose volume is greater
than 50 cubic feet per 1000 Btu per hour of the
combined rating of all appliances installed in the space.
That would be 5850 cubic feet for the BOSCH 520 PN
b) Installations in structures that have been tightly
constructed (air infiltration rate of 0.40 ACH or less)
must be provided for combustion air per the National
Fuel Gas Code. Consult a HVAC specialist if your air
infiltration rate is questionable.
Appliances located in confined spaces:
The confined space must be provided with two
permanent openings, one commencing within 12
inches of the top and one commencing within 12 inches
of the bottom of the enclosure. Each opening must have
a minimum free area of one square inch per:
• 1000 Btu/hr if all air is taken from inside the building.
• 2000 Btu/hr if all air is taken from the outside by
• 4000 Btu/hr if all air is taken from the outside by
direct openings or vertical ducts.
Or the confined space must be provided with one
permanent opening or duct that is within 12 inches of
the ceiling of the enclosure. This opening must have a
minimum free area of one square inch per:
• 3000 Btu/hr if all air is taken from the outside by a
direct opening or vertical duct.
Louvers, grills and screens have a blocking effect. If the
effective free area is not known, increase the sizes of
your openings by 400% if your louvers are wood and by
6 720 644 947
135% if your louvers are metal. Refer to the National
Fuel Gas Code for complete information. In buildings of
tight construction all air should be taken from outside.