Ryobi RTS10 Operator's Manual

10 in. table saw
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Your table saw has been engineered and manufactured to our high standard for dependability, ease of operation, and
operator safety. When properly cared for, it will give you years of rugged, trouble-free performance.
To reduce the risk of injury, the user must read and understand the operator's manual before using
this product.
Thank you for your purchase.
10 in. TAbLE SAw



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  Summary of Contents for Ryobi RTS10

  • Page 1 OPERATOR’S MANUAL 10 in. TAbLE SAw RTS10 Your table saw has been engineered and manufactured to our high standard for dependability, ease of operation, and operator safety. When properly cared for, it will give you years of rugged, trouble-free performance.
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    The replacement power tool will be covered by the limited warranty for the balance of the three year period from the date of the original purchase. wHAT THIS wARRANTy COVERS: This warranty covers all defects in workmanship or materials in your RYOBI power ®...
  • Page 3: General Safety Rules

    GENERAL SAFETy RULES  SECURE wORK. Use clamps or a vise to hold work when practical. It’s safer than using your hand and frees both wARNING: hands to operate tool. Read and understand all instructions. Failure to follow  DON’T OVERREACH. Keep proper footing and balance all instructions listed below, may result in electric shock, at all times.
  • Page 4: Specific Safety Rules

    GENERAL SAFETy RULES  bLADE COASTS AFTER bEING TURNED OFF.  STAy ALERT AND EXERCISE CONTROL. Watch what you are doing and use common sense. Do not operate  NEVER USE IN AN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE. tool when you are tired. Do not rush. Normal sparking of the motor could ignite fumes.
  • Page 5 SPECIFIC SAFETy RULES  NEVER perform any operation “freehand” which means are not listed may cause the risk of personal injury. Instructions for safe use of accessories are included with using only your hands to support or guide the workpiece. the accessory.
  • Page 6: Symbols

    SyMbOLS Some of the following symbols may be used on this tool. Please study them and learn their meaning. Proper inter- pretation of these symbols will allow you to operate the tool better and safer. Indicates a potential personal injury hazard. Safety Alert To reduce the risk of injury, user must read and understand Read Operator’s Manual...
  • Page 7: Symbols

    If you do not understand ing, use only identical replacement parts. the warnings and instructions in the operator’s manual, do not use this product. Call Ryobi customer service for assistance. wARNING: The operation of any power tool can result in foreign objects being thrown into your eyes, which can result in severe eye damage.
  • Page 8: Electrical

    ELECTRICAL EXTENSION CORDS SPEED AND wIRING Use only 3-wire extension cords that have 3-prong ground- The no-load speed of this tool is approximately 5,000 rpm. ing plugs and 3-pole receptacles that accept the tool's plug. This speed is not constant and decreases under a load or with lower voltage.
  • Page 9: Glossary Of Terms

    GLOSSARy OF TERMS Anti-Kickback Pawls (radial arm and table saws) Push blocks (for jointer planers) A device which, when properly installed and maintained, Device used to feed the workpiece over the jointer planer is designed to stop the workpiece from being kicked back cutterhead during any operation.
  • Page 10: Features

    FEATURES PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS Input ..............15 Amps Blade Arbor .............. 5/8 in. No Load Speed ........5,000 r/min. (RPM) Blade Diameter ............10 in. Cutting Depth at 0° ............3 in. Blade Tilt ..............0° - 45° Cutting Depth at 45° ..........2-1/2 in. Rating ..........120 V, AC only, 60 Hz blade Guard...
  • Page 11: Know Your Table Saw

    FEATURES KNOw yOUR TAbLE SAw HEIGHT/bEVEL ADJUSTING HANDwHEEL - Located on the front of the cabinet, use this handwheel to lower and raise See Figure 2. the blade for height adjustments or blade replacement. This The safe use of this product requires an understanding of handwheel also makes the adjustment for bevel angles easy.
  • Page 12: Operating Components

    FEATURES OPERATING COMPONENTS wARNING: The upper portion of the blade projects up through the table and is surrounded by an insert called the throat plate. The ALWAYS remove the switch key when the tool is not in height of the blade is set with a handwheel on the front of use and keep it in a safe place.
  • Page 13: Tools Needed

    FEATURES bLADES wARNING: For maximum performance, it is recommended that you use the 24-tooth, 10 in. carbide-tipped combination blade pro- Do not use blades rated less than the speed of this tool. vided with your saw. Additional blade styles of the same high Failure to heed this warning could result in personal injury.
  • Page 14: Loose Parts

    LOOSE PARTS The following items are included with the table saw: Fig. 5 A. Anti-Kickback Pawls ..........1 H. Screw ............... 2 B. Blade Guard ............. 1 I. Open End Wrench ............ 1 C. Switch Key ............... 1 J. Closed End Wrench ..........1 D.
  • Page 15 LOOSE PARTS The following items are included with the table saw leg stand: Fig. 6 A. Lower Brace ..............2 F. Carriage Bolt (1/4 - 20 x 1/2 in.) ......16 B. Lower Side Brace ............2 G. Carriage Bolt (1/4 - 20 x 1-3/8 in.) ......4 C.
  • Page 16: Assembly

    ASSEMbLy UNPACKING wARNING: This product requires assembly. Do not lift the saw without help. Hold it close to your body.  Carefully lift saw from the carton and place it on a level Keep your knees bent and lift with your legs, not your work surface.
  • Page 17 ASSEMbLy TO ASSEMbLE THE LEG STAND carriaGe See Figure 7. bolt uPPer Assembly is best done in the area where the saw will be used. brace If you are unsure about the description of any part, refer to the drawing. If any parts are missing, delay assembling until you have obtained the missing part(s).
  • Page 18 ASSEMbLy TO INSTALL THE HANDLE See Figure 9.  Hold the nylon nut securely and turn the screw counter- clockwise to remove the nut completely. NOTE: Do not remove the screw from the handle. Handle  Place the nylon nut into the recessed hole on the back of the height/bevel adjusting handwheel and hold in place.
  • Page 19 ASSEMbLy TO CHANGE bETwEEN A SPREADER AND A RIVING KNIFE release leVer See Figure 12. (unlocked) This saw is shipped with the spreader/riving knife placed in the non-through cutting or “down” position (riving knife position). NOTE: The spreader/riving knife must be placed in the through cutting, or “up”...
  • Page 20 ASSEMbLy TO CHECK SAw bLADE INSTALLATION closed end blade oPen end blade See Figure 13. wrencH wrencH NOTICE: blade nut To work properly, the saw blade teeth must point down toward the front of the saw. Failure to do so could cause damage to the saw blade, the saw, or the workpiece.
  • Page 21 ASSEMbLy TO INSTALL THE bLADE GUARD AND ANTI- blade KICKbACK PAwLS Guard See Figures 14 - 16. Guard leVer wARNING: Replace dull or damaged anti-kickback pawls. Dull or damaged pawls may not stop a kickback increasing the risk of serious personal injury. NOTE: Anti-kickback pawls should only be installed for through cuts.
  • Page 22 ASSEMbLy TO CHECK AND ALIGN THE SPREADER/RIVING Hex keY KNIFE AND SAw bLADE See Figures 17 - 18. To check alignment of the spreader/riving knife: sPreader/ riVinG kniFe  Unplug the saw.  Raise the saw blade by turning the height/bevel adjusting handwheel clockwise.
  • Page 23: Assembly

    ASSEMbLy PUSH STICK STORAGE PusH stick storaGe See Figure 19. screw(s)  Insert the push stick storage screws from the loose parts bag into the holes on the side of the saw table. Use a Phillips head screwdriver to tighten screws securely. ...
  • Page 24: Operation

    OPERATION from the workpiece and may contact the blade. Kickback wARNING: can cause serious injury. Use precautions to avoid the risks. Kickback can be caused by any action that pinches the Do not allow familiarity with tools to make you careless. blade in the wood such as: Remember that a careless fraction of a second is suf- ...
  • Page 25: Cutting Aids

    OPERATION CUTTING AIDS See Figure 20. Push sticks are devices that may be used for pushing a workpiece through the blade in any rip cut. When making PusH sticks non-through cuts or ripping narrow stock, always use a push stick, push block, and/or featherboard so your hands do not come within 3 inches of the saw blade.
  • Page 26: How To Mount A Featherboard

    OPERATION FEATHERbOARD wARNING: A featherboard is a device used to help control the workpiece by holding it securely against the table or fence. Mount the featherboard in front of the saw blade. If Featherboards are especially useful when ripping small positioned improperly, kickback can result from the workpieces and for completing non-through cuts.
  • Page 27: Types Of Cuts

    OPERATION TyPES OF CUTS See Figure 25. There are six basic cuts: 1) the cross cut, 2) the rip cut, 3) the miter cut, 4) the bevel cross cut, 5) the bevel rip cut, and cross cut 6) the compound (bevel) miter cut. All other cuts are combi- nations of these basic six.
  • Page 28 OPERATION TO CHANGE bLADE DEPTH Gullet See Figure 26. The blade depth should be set so that the outer points of the blade are higher than the workpiece by approximately 1/8 in. to 1/4 in. but the lowest points (gullets) are below the top surface.
  • Page 29 OPERATION wARNING: claMP To reduce the risk of injury, always make sure the rip fence screw is parallel to the blade before beginning any operation. lockinG leVer TO USE THE RIP FENCE Fence See Figure 29.  Place the rear lip on the rear of the saw table and pull slightly toward the front of the unit.
  • Page 30 OPERATION TO USE THE MITER GAUGE lock Miter See Figure 30. knob GauGe bodY The miter gauge provides greater accuracy in angled cuts. For very close tolerances, test cuts are recommended. There are two miter gauge grooves, one on either side of the blade.
  • Page 31 OPERATION HEELING (PARALLELING) THE bLADE TO THE riGHt Miter MITER GAUGE GROOVE GauGe GrooVe coMbination See Figures 32 - 34. square adJustinG screws wARNING: The blade must be parallel to the miter gauge groove so the wood does not bind resulting in kickback. Failure to do so could result in serious personal injury.
  • Page 32: Making Cuts

    OPERATION MAKING CUTS cross cut This table saw can perform a variety of cuts that are not all Place riGHt Hand on mentioned in this manual. DO NOT attempt to make any cuts Miter GauGe Here not covered here unless you are thoroughly familiar with the proper procedures and necessary accessories.
  • Page 33 OPERATION MAKING A RIP CUT riP cut See Figure 37. Fence blade wARNING: Make sure the blade guard assembly is installed and working properly to avoid serious possible injury.  Set the blade to the correct depth for the workpiece. ...
  • Page 34 OPERATION MAKING A bEVEL CROSS CUT Viewed FroM tHe Front, below tHe table saw See Figures 39 - 40. to loosen wARNING: tiGHten Make sure the blade guard assembly is installed and working properly to avoid possible serious injury.  Remove the rip fence. ...
  • Page 35 OPERATION  Position the workpiece flat on the table with the edge beVel riP cut flush against the rip fence. Let the blade build up to full riP Fence speed before feeding the workpiece into the blade. blade  Once the blade has made contact with the workpiece, use anGled the hand closest to the rip fence to guide it.
  • Page 36 OPERATION MAKING A NON-THROUGH CUT non-tHrouGH cut See Figure 43. blade Guard reMoVed wARNING: DO NOT install dado blades on this machine. The arbor shaft has insufficient threads to mount a dado blade. Mounting a dado blade could result in the risk of serious personal injury.
  • Page 37: Adjustments

    ADJUSTMENTS closed end wARNING: oPen end blade blade Before performing any adjustment, make sure the tool is wrencH wrencH unplugged from the power supply and the switch is in the OFF position. Failure to heed this warning could result in serious personal injury.
  • Page 38 ADJUSTMENTS TO SET THE bLADE AT 0° AND 45° See Figures 47 - 49. 0° adJustMent 45° adJustMent screw screw The angle settings of the saw have been set at the factory and, unless damaged in shipping, should not require set- ting during assembly.
  • Page 39: Maintenance

    ADJUSTMENTS TO CHECK THE ALIGNMENT OF THE RIP FENCE FraMinG TO THE bLADE riP Fence square See Figure 50.  Unplug the saw. blade  Raise the locking lever to permit the rip fence to be moved.  Place a framing square beside the blade and move the rip fence up to the square.
  • Page 40: Troubleshooting

    TROUbLESHOOTING PRObLEM CAUSE SOLUTION Excess vibration. Blade is out of balance. Replace blade. Blade is damaged. Replace blade. Saw is not mounted securely. Tighten all hardware. Work surface is uneven. Reposition on flat surface. Blade is warped. Check saw blade installation. Replace blade if necessary.
  • Page 41: Troubleshooting

    TROUbLESHOOTING PRObLEM CAUSE SOLUTION Saw does not make accurate Positive stops inside cabinet need Adjust positive stops. 90˚ or 45˚ cuts. adjusting (Bevel Cuts). Adjust the miter gauge. Miter gauge is misaligned (Miter Cuts). Height/bevel adjusting hand- Clean the gears or screw post. Gears or screw post inside wheel is hard to turn.
  • Page 42: Parts And Service

    HOW TO OBTAIN CUSTOMER OR TECHNICAL SUPPORT: To obtain Customer or Technical Support please contact us at 1-800-525-2579. RYOBI is a registered trademark of Ryobi Limited used under license. ® ONE wORLD TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 1428 Pearman Dairy Road, Anderson, SC 29625 Phone 1-800-525-2579 www.ryobitools.com...