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Makita DCS 430 Owner's And Safety Manual

Gasoline chain saw
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and Safety Manual
for Gasoline Chain Saws
(page 2
Manuel d'emploi et de
de tronGonneuses thermiques
(page 32
DCS 430,431
DCS 520,520i
DCS 540
DCS 5200i
Read and understand this Manual. Always follow safety precautions in the Owner's and Safety Manual.
Improper use can cause serious injury!
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State
California to cause
cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Presepe this Manual carefully!
Suivez toujours les conseils de skurite du present manuel d'emploi et de securite. Une utilisation
incorrecte de la tronqonneuse peut entrainer des blessures graves! Conservez avec soin ce manuel!
d'echappement emis par ce produit contiennent des produits chimiques connus par I'Etat de
Californie pour provoquer le cancer, des defauts de naissance ou autres dommages de reproduction.
Lisez et comprenez ce manuel.



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  Summary of Contents for Makita DCS 430

  • Page 1 Gasoline Chain Saws (page 2 securite Manuel d’emploi et de de tronGonneuses thermiques (page 32 DCS 430,431 DCS 520,520i DCS 540 DCS 5200i WARNING! Read and understand this Manual. Always follow safety precautions in the Owner’s and Safety Manual.
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Careless or improper use of this product can cause serious or even fatal injury. Before operating a chain saw or other MAKITA products it is important that you read, fully understand and carefully follow the instructions outlined in this owners manual. Kickback may cause severe or fatal injury and.
  • Page 3: Delivery Inventory

    Delivery inventory ’I 1 Chainsaw 2 Sawchain 3 Guidebar Chain protection cover 5 Universal wrench &Wrench 7 Screw driver for carburetor adjustment In case one of the parts listed should not be included in the (only in delivery for model 5200i) delivery inventory, please consult your sales agent.
  • Page 4 When transporting your chain saw, use the chain protection cover. Only use replacement bars and chains speci- fied by the manufacturer or the equivalent. Low kickback bars and low kickback chains are designed to reduce the risk of kickback injury. Ask your MAKITA dealer about these devices.
  • Page 5 Maximum Computed Kickback Angle General Safety Precautions (CKA)' without using the chain brake when using the recommended bar and chain The use of any chain saw may be hazardous. At full combinations (In this example the is 45"). m/s). throttle chain speed can reach 45 mph It is important that you read;...
  • Page 6 Never modify a chain saw in any way. Only attachments supplied by MAKITA or expressly Protect your hands with gloves when handling saw approved by MAKITA for use with the specific saw and saw chain. Heavy-duty, nonslip gloves improve are authorized.
  • Page 7 Never try to tighten the chain while the engine is running! Fueling Your MAKITA saw uses on oil-gasoline mixture for fuel (see chapter "Fuel" of this manual). Place the chain saw on firm ground or other solid...
  • Page 8 Always start a cut with the chain running at full speed the appropriate section of this manual. and the spike bar in contact with the wood. Have your MAKITA dealer check your saw and make proper adjustments or repairs. WARNING! Check the saw chain tension frequently, especially Never use the saw with one hand.
  • Page 9 In order to keep control of your saw, always maintain a firmfoothold.Neverworkonaladder,inatreeoronany other insecure support. Never use the saw above shoulder height (fig. 9). Kickback Position the chain saw in such a way that your body is clear of the cutting attachment whenever the engine is Kickback occurs when the upper quadrant of the bar running (fig.
  • Page 10 (fig. 11). Kickback is most pronounced in the upper quadrant of the bar nose. To avoid kickback MAKITA chain types are designed to reduce kickback forces. The best protection from personal-injury that may result from kickback is to avoid kickback situations:...
  • Page 11 To avoid pull-in Pushback: Always start a cut with the chain rotating at full Pushback occurs when the chain on the top of the bar speed and the spike bar in contact with the wood. is suddenly stopped when it is pinched, caught or encounters foreign object in the wood.
  • Page 12 - - _ _ _ _ - - - - - - - cutting down area If the tree has large buttress roots, cut into the largest When felling, maintain a distance of at least 2 1/2 tree lengths from the nearest person (see fig. 17). buttresses vertically first (horizontally next) and re- move (fig.
  • Page 13 Plunge-Cut Method Begin the felling cut slighty higher than the felling notch and on the opposite side of the tree (fig. 22). Timber having diameter more than twice the length Then cut horizontally through towards the felling notch. the guide bar reauires the use of the plunge-cut Apply the chain saw with its spikes directly behind the method before making the felling cut.
  • Page 14 Bucking Bucking is cutting a log into sections. WARNING! There is an extreme danger of kickback at this point. Extra caution must be taken to maintain control of the saw. To make the felling cut, follow WARNING! the sectioning method described previously (fig. 1.
  • Page 15 Have such work performed by your MAKITA service shop only. Cross cut Maintaining and storing the saw Keep the chain, bar and sprocket clean and lubricated;...
  • Page 16: Denomination Of Components

    Denomination of components Identification plate (example model 5200i) 23 22 Indicate when ordering spare parts! 13 Guide bar 1 Handle 2 Choke 14 Chain Hand guard (release for chain brake) Filter cover Starter grip 4 Tubular handle 5 Muffler Adjusting screws "S-L-H" for carburetor VSTOP-switch Retaining nuts Stop knob for halfway throttle...
  • Page 17: Technical Data

    Technical data DCS540 430 I 431 I5201 52001 Approved bar and chain combinations "Low-kickback saw chain is a chain which has met the kickback performance requirements of ANSI B 175.1-1991 (Amencan National Standard for Power Tools-Gasoline-Powered Chain Saws-Safety Requirements) when tested on the representative sample of chain saws below 3 .
  • Page 18: Mounting The Guide Bar And Saw Chain

    PUlTlNG INTO OPERATION Mounting the guide bar and saw chain Use the universal wrench delivered with the chain saw for the CAUTION: Before doing any work on the guide bar or following work. chain. M y s switch off the engine and pull the plug cap the spark plug (see 'Replacing Put the chain saw on a stable surface and carry out the...
  • Page 19: Chain Brake

    In order to guarantee uniform wear of the guide bar the bar Chain brake should be turned over whenever replacing the chain. The MAKITA models comes with an inertia chain brake as Engaging the chain brake (braking) standard equipment. If kickback occurs due to contact of the...
  • Page 20: Fuel I Refuelling

    We recommend the use of chain oil which is bio-degradable in order to protect the environment. The use of bio-degradable oil may even be required by local regulations. The chain oil BIOTOP sold by MAKITA is made of special vegetable oils and is 100% bio-degradable.
  • Page 21: Adjusting The Chain Lubrication

    AVOID SKIN EYE CONTACT Mineral oil products degrease your skin. If your skin comes in with contact these substances repeatedly and for an extended period of time, it will desiccate. Various skin deseases may result. addition, allergic reactions are known to occur. Eyes can be irritated by contact with oil.
  • Page 22: Starting The Engine

    (button pops back out). soon as the engine is running, press the throttle (W4) Model DCS 430, DCS 520 do not have a startlng valve. release the half-throttle lock(B/3), allowing theengine idle. Starting and carburetor adjustment are as for model DCS...
  • Page 23: Checking The Chain Brake

    IMPORTANT: the chain does not stop immediatelywhen you test the chain brake, do NOT use the chain saw. Take the chain saw-to a MAKITA senrice center for repair. Adjusting the carburetor Important Information: The carburetor this tool is litted with limiter caps which restrict the range of adjustment and prevents over-rich mixture settings.
  • Page 24: Working In Winter

    Working in winter In order to prevent carburetor icing in conditions of low temper- ature combined with high humidity. and in order to get up operating temperature faster in subfreezing temperatures. heated air can be taken from the cylinder. At temperatures above freezing the carburetor must NOT be heated air.
  • Page 25: Cleaning The Guide Bar

    Files and how to work with them 094.102 (38') Chain (.325") Sharpen using a special file holder with a saw chain round file: 30" Sharpening angle 25" ( . 3 2 5 ' ) chain: File the first cutter half with a 4.5 mm dia. Front rake 6 0 ' round saw-chain file.
  • Page 26: Cleaning The Brake Band And Sprocket Interior

    The chain brake is a very Important safety device and like any other component subject to normal wear and tear. Regular inspection and maintenance are important for your own safety and must be done by a MAKITA service center. Replacing the suction head The spark arrester screen should be checked and cleaned regularly.
  • Page 27: Cleaning The Air Filter

    Cleaning the air filter Clean the air filter and prefilter with a soft brush. Remove the filter cover (W1) (2 screws). If the filter is very dirty, clean it in lukewarm water with Loosen the screws on the air filter (F/2) and remove from dishwashing detergent.
  • Page 28: Replacing The Starter Cable

    Replacing the starter cable " . Thread in a new cable mn-d.16' dia. x 1000 " / 3 9 ' long) Unscrew the four screws (Nl) holding down the fan hous- as shown in Figure B and tie the ends as shown. (N2).
  • Page 29: Instructions For Daily And Periodic Maintenance

    We therefore recommend that you consult a MAKITA service center for all work not described in this instruction manual. The MAKITA service centers have all the necessary equipment and skilled and experienced personnel, who can work out cost- effective solutions and advise you in all matters.
  • Page 30: Troubleshooting

    Guarantee MAKITA guarantees the highest quality and will therefore reimburse all costs for repair by replacement of damaged parts resulting from material or production faults occurring within the guarantee period after purchase. Please note that in some countries particular guarantee conditions may exist.
  • Page 31: Extract From The Spare Parts !Ist

    430,431 ilSt repairs and DCS 520,52Oi, 540,5200i r MAKITA service center. pw. MAKITA-NO. D"inrtlon aty. Spnxket (see 'approved bar c h n Comb~aliens'. page 17) Sawchun (see 'approved bar cham page Combmetions'. ChampmtectkJn.325'for15',18' 952100633 952100643 hpmtecborI3/8'for15',18' charnprotectkn3WfOc21' 952100653 On213650 Sprodtetguard,cp(.
  • Page 32 Extrait de la liste des piices de rechange Marche hivernale Liste d'adresses Les tronGonneuses MAKITA DCS 430/431/520/52Oi/540/5200i sont livrees dans un carton ,qui les protege~c dommages dus au transport. Le carton est une matiere premiere de base qui peut Btre reutilisee ou recyc (recyclage des vieux papiers).
  • Page 34 Adressenliste list Address Liste d’adresses Lista de direcciones MAKITA WERlQEUG GES. M.E.H. KolpingstraOe Wien $“I A-1232 1-616 27 30-0 . . . MAKITA (AUSTRALIA) PTY. LTD. Wetherill Street Silverwater. NSW 2128 2-97483944 S.A. MAKITA N.V. Mechelsesteenweg 1800 Vilvoorde 2-2571840 Rua Makita Brasil. No S.B.