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Brother HL1060 - B/W Laser Printer Service Manual

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  • Page 1: Service Manual

  • Page 2 © Copyright Brother 1997 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without permission in writing from the publisher. Specifications are subject to change without notice. Trademarks: The brother logo is a registered trademark of Brother Industries, Ltd. Apple,the Apple Logo,and Macintosh are trademarks,registered in the United States and other countries,and True Type is a trademark of Apple computer, Inc.
  • Page 3 PREFACE This service manual contains basic information required for after-sales service of the laser printer (here- in-after referred to as "this machine" or "the printer"). This information is vital to the service technician to maintain the high printing quality and performance of the printer. This service manual covers the HL-1060 laser printer.
  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS CHAPTER I FEATURES AND SPECIFICATIONS ..........I-1 1. FEATURES .........................I-1 2. SPECIFICATIONS ......................I-3 Printing............................I-3 Functions ........................... I-3 Electrical and Mechanical ......................I-4 Paper Specification........................I-5 Print Delivery ..........................I-6 Paper ............................I-6 Effective Printing Area ....................... I-7 3. SAFETY INFORMATION ....................I-9 Laser Safety (110 - 120V Model only) ..................
  • Page 5 Sensors........................... II-19 2.3.1 Cover Sensor ......................II-19 2.3.2 Toner Empty Sensor ....................II-19 Drum Unit..........................II-20 2.4.1 Photosensitive Drum ....................II-20 2.4.2 Primary Charger ......................II-20 2.4.3 Developer Roller......................II-20 2.4.4 Transfer Roller......................II-20 2.4.5 Cleaner Roller......................II-20 2.4.6 Erase Lamp ......................II-20 Print Process ..........................
  • Page 6 CHAPTER IV MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING......IV-1 1. INTRODUCTION......................IV-1 Initial Check ..........................IV-1 Basic Procedure ........................IV-2 2. CONSUMABLE PARTS ....................IV-2 Drum Unit..........................IV-2 Toner Cartridge........................IV-2 Periodical Replacement Parts ....................IV-3 3. IMAGE DEFECTS ......................IV-4 Image Defect Examples......................IV-4 Troubleshooting Image Defects....................IV-5 Location of High-voltage Contacts and Grounding Contacts..........IV-19 Location of Feed Roller Shaft and Grounding Contacts ............IV-20 4.
  • Page 7: Chapter Ifeatures And Specifications

    CHAPTER I FEATURES AND SPECIFICATIONS FEATURES This printer has the following features: 1200dpi Resolution and 10ppm Printing Speed 600 dots per inch (dpi) with microfine toner and ten pages per minute (ppm) printing speed (A4 or Letter size paper). The printer also supports 1200 (H) x 600 (V) dots per inch (dpi) resolution for Windows DIB graphics.
  • Page 8 Low Running Cost: The toner cartridge is separate from the drum unit. You need to replace only the toner cartridge after around 2,200 pages, which is cost effective and ecologically friendly. Remote Printer Console Program for DOS The utility program, Remote Printer Console (RPC), is available on the floppy disk supplied with your printer.
  • Page 9: Specifications

    SPECIFICATIONS Printing Print method Electrophotography by semiconductor laser beam scanning Resolution 600 x 600dpi (for Windows/DOS) 300 x 300dpi (under Apple Macintosh using optional RS-100M) 1200 x 600dpi (Horizontal x Vertical) (for Windows DIB graphics) Print speed 10 page/minute (when loading Letter-size paper from the multipurpose sheet feeder 1) Warm-up Max.
  • Page 10: Printing

    Electrical and Mechanical Power source U.S.A. and Canada: AC 110 to 120V, 60Hz Europe and Australia: AC 220 to 240V, 50Hz/60Hz Power consumption Printing: 280W or less Standing by: 60W or less Sleep: 13W or less Noise Printing: 49dB A or less Standing by: 38dB A or less Temperature...
  • Page 11: Paper Specification

    Paper Specification Multi-purpose sheet feeder loading < Sheet Feeder 1 (Front)> Paper size: A4, Letter, Legal, B5, A5, A6, and Executive, and other sizes of media that can be handled by the feed mechanism, can be loaded. 69.8 to 229 mm 105 to 406mm (face down) Feeding direction Feedable paper weight: 60 (16lb.) to 157 (42lb.) g/m...
  • Page 12: Print Delivery

    Print Delivery With the output tray opened Tray capacity : Maximum 100 sheets (80g/m ), face-down only With the output tray closed Tray capacity : 1 sheet (80g/m ), face-down only Note: Face down: Deliver the printed face of the paper downward. Environment : 23°C Paper Types of paper...
  • Page 13: Effective Printing Area

    Paper feed conditions Type Name Feeder Manual feed Feeder 1 Feeder 2 60 to 80 g/m (200 sheets) (200 sheets) Normal paper (cut sheet) 80 g/m paper (Legal) (100 sheets) (100 sheets) 157 g/m (30 sheets) (30 sheets) Labels (50 sheets) Special paper (cut sheet) Envelopes (10 sheets)
  • Page 14 The table below shows the effective printing areas. Size 210.0mm 297.0mm 203.2mm 288.5mm 3.4mm 4.23mm 8.27” 11.69” 8.0” 11.36” 0.13” 0.17” (2,480 dots) (3,507 dots) (2,400 dots) (3,407 dots) (40 dots) (50 dots) Ç 215.9mm 279.4mm 203.2mm 271.0mm 6.35mm Letter 8.5”...
  • Page 15: Safety Information

    SAFETY INFORMATION Laser Safety (110 - 120V Model only) This printer is certified as a Class 1 laser product under the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Radiation Performance Standard according to the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968. This means that the printer does not produce hazardous laser radiation.
  • Page 16: Caution For Laser Product

    Caution for Laser Product (Warnhinweis für Laserdrucker) CAUTION: When the machine during servicing is operated with the cover open, the regulations of VBG 93 and the performance instructions for VBG 93 are valid. CAUTION: In case of any trouble with the laser unit, please replace the laser unit itself. To prevent direct exposure to the laser beam, do not try to open the enclosure of the laser unit.
  • Page 17: Chapter Ii Theory Of Operation

    CHAPTER II THEORY OF OPERATION ELECTRONICS General Block Diagram Fig. 2.1 shows a general block diagram of the HL-1060 printer. Optional ROM Optional RAM(SIMM) Optional I/F Board (Max. 4Mbytes) (Max. 32Mbytes) ( RS-232C) Control System Expansion ROM I/O Expansion Memory I/O Expansion I/O Interface Block Parallel...
  • Page 18: Main Pcb Block Diagram

    Main PCB Block Diagram Fig. 2.2 shows the block diagram of the main PCB. A S I C CPU Core R3041 Oscillator (40MHz) Reset Circuit Address Decoder DRAM Control Program + Font ROM (4Mbytes) Timer Optional ROM (Max. 4Mbytes) FIFO DATA EXTENSION (2Mbytes) To PC...
  • Page 19: Main Pcb

    Main PCB 1.3.1 CPU Core Fig. 2.3. shows the CPU circuit block on the main PCB. The CPU is an IDT 79R3041-20J which is driven at a clock frequency of 20MHz. This clock frequency is made by dividing the source clock frequency of 40.0MHz by two. The address and data bus are both 32bits consisting of AD0 to AD31.
  • Page 20: Asic

    1.3.2 ASIC The ASIC is composed of a Cell Based IC that contains the following functional blocks. Oscillator circuit Generates the main clock for the CPU by dividing the source clock frequency by two. Address Generator Generates the address bus by latching the AD bus with the ALE signal. Address decoder Generates the CS signal for each device.
  • Page 21 Parallel I/O <Data receive Mode> There are two modes in this unit. One is the CPU receive mode and the other is the DMA receive mode. In the CPU receive mode the CPU receives the command data from the PC, and after the CPU is switched to the DMA mode, it receives the image data and writes it to the DRAM directly.
  • Page 22 (12) Engine control I/O This I/O is used for the connection to the driver PCB. It controls the main motor, solenoid, sensors, etc. Fig. 2.4 CHAPTER II -6...
  • Page 23: Rom

    1.3.3 The program and the font data are stored in 4Mbytes of ROM. The ROM is composed of two 16Mbit masked ROMs which are mounted in 42-pin IC sockets. Fig. 2.5 1.3.4 Optional ROM The program and the font data are stored in 4Mbytes of ROM. The ROM is composed of two 16Mbit masked ROMs which are mounted in 42-pin IC sockets.
  • Page 24: Dram

    1.3.5 DRAM Four 4Mbit DRAM (x 8bit) are used as the printer memory. Fig. 2.7 CHAPTER II -8...
  • Page 25: Optional Ram

    1.3.6 Optional RAM A 32bit SIMM (72 pin) can be fitted as optional RAM. The main PCB has one slot and its capacity is for SIMM from 1Mbytes to 32Mbytes. Fig. 2.8 CHAPTER II -9...
  • Page 26: Optional Serial I/o

    1.3.7 Optional Serial I/O The interrupt of the serial I/O is input to the EXINT terminal of the ASIC, and recognized by the CPU. A 32-byte space for a register is provided for this I/O, which is read and written to by the CPU.
  • Page 27: Reset Circuit

    1.3.9 Reset Circuit The reset IC is a PST591DMT. The reset voltage is 4.2V (typ.) and the LOW period of the reset signal is 50ms (typ.). Fig. 2.11 1.3.10 Parallel I/O Fig. 2.12 shows the parallel interface circuit. Fig. 2.12 CHAPTER II -11...
  • Page 28: Engine I/o

    1.3.11 Engine I/O Fig. 2.13 shows the engine interface circuit. Fig. 2.13 CHAPTER II -12...
  • Page 29: Paper Feed Motor Drive Circuit

    1.3.12 Paper Feed Motor Drive Circuit A DC motor is used for paper feeding. Fig. 2.14 Driver PCB The following parts are mounted on the driver PCB. • Connectors ....Low-voltage, high-voltage, solenoid, main motor, toner sensor, laser, polygon motor, connector for main PCB •...
  • Page 30: Power Supply

    Power Supply 1.6.1 Low-voltage Power Supply The power supply uses a switching regulation system to generate the regulated DC power (+5V and +24V), which are converted from the AC line. (Heater) Thermal Lightning Fuse Fuse Surge Heater Absorber Circuit Lamp Fuse Feedback Line...
  • Page 31: High-voltage Power Supply, Sr Pcb

    1.6.2 High-voltage Power Supply, SR PCB This generates and outputs the voltages and currents for the charging, development and transfer functions. IC PROTECTOR 24VI Current IP001 Regulator Current 24VI Regulator 24VI T101 Transfer Roller Voltage Regulator Supply Roller Photosensitive Drum VR201 VR202 Cleaner Developing...
  • Page 32: Mechanics

    MECHANICS Overview of Printing Mechanism MP Feeder 2 cover Multi-purpose Papers Multi-purpose Sheet Feeder 1 Sheet Feeder 2 Manual Paper Path Papers MP Feeder 1 Cover Paper Pick-up Roller Paper Feed Drum Unit Roller Photosensitive Drum Pitch Roller Transfer Hopper Plate Erase Lamp Blade Roller...
  • Page 33: Paper Transfer

    Paper Transfer 2.2.1 Paper Supply The pick-up roller picks up one sheet of paper from the paper feeder every time it is rotated and feeds it to the paper feed roller. Pick-up roller Registration sensor lever Hopper plate Separation pad Fig.
  • Page 34: Paper Eject

    2.2.3 Paper Eject The completion of paper eject is detected in the following manner: When the leading edge of the paper pushes down the eject sensor actuator located in the fixing unit, the photo sensor (photo interrupter) is opened and detects the start of paper eject.
  • Page 35: Sensors

    Sensors 2.3.1 Cover Sensor Detects opening and closing of the top cover. Top Cover Cover Switch Fig. 2.23 2.3.2 Toner Empty Sensor Detects if there is toner in the toner cartridge. It also detects whether or not the drum unit is installed.
  • Page 36: Drum Unit

    Drum Unit 2.4.1 Photosensitive Drum Generates the latent electrostatic image and develops the image on the drum surface. 2.4.2 Primary Charger Forms a uniform charge on the drum surface. Corona wire Generates the ion charge on the drum. Grid Spreads the ion charge evenly over the drum surface. 2.4.3 Developer Roller Develops the latent electrostatic image on the drum surface by the addition of the toner.
  • Page 37: Exposure Stage

    2.5.2 Exposure Stage After the drum is positively charged, it is exposed to the light emitted from the laser unit. Laser Beam Drum Paper Laser beam f lens Laser detector Polygon mirror Laser diode Motor Lens Fig. 2.26 The area exposed to the laser beam is the image to be printed. The surface potential of the exposed area is reduced forming the electrostatic image to be printed.
  • Page 38: Developing

    2.5.3 Developing Developing causes the toner to be attracted to the electrostatic image on the drum so as to transform it into a visible image. The developer consists of a non-magnetic toner. The development roller is made of conductive rubber and the supply roller which is also made of conductive sponge rotate against each other.
  • Page 39: 2.5.5 Drum Cleaning Stage

    2.5.5 Drum Cleaning Stage In the image transfer stage, not all the toner on the photosensitive drum is transferred onto the paper but some remains on the drum. In the drum cleaning stage, the drum surface is cleaned by the cleaning roller, so that residual toner on the drum surface is removed and collected on the cleaning roller itself.
  • Page 40: Chapter Iii Disassembly And Reassembly

    CHAPTER III DISASSEMBLY AND REASSEMBLY SAFETY PRECAUTIONS To avoid creating secondary problems by mishandling, be careful to follow the following precautions during maintenance work. Always turn off the power switch and unplug the power cord from the power outlet before accessing any parts inside the printer. Be careful not to lose screws, washers, or other parts removed.
  • Page 41: Disassembly Flow

  • Page 42: Disassembly Procedure

    DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE Drum Unit Open the top cover. Lift out the drum unit. Drum unit Top cover Main cover Fig. 3.1 Output Tray ASSY Press the hinges at the left and right ends of the output tray inwards to release the output tray from the main cover.
  • Page 43: Top Cover

    Top Cover Open the top cover. Press the hinges at the left and right ends of the top cover inwards to release the top cover from the main cover. Note: If it is impossible to release the top cover in the above way, press the side of the top cover ( ) while pulling the side of the main cover ( Top cover...
  • Page 44 Raise the pick-up roller cover ( ) and remove it ( Remove the MP feeder cover ( MP feeder cover Pick-up roller cover Fig. 3.5 Remove the tray side covers R and L by releasing the three hooks inside each of the covers as the following order.
  • Page 45 <HL-1060> PR98062 After removing the sector gear, paper feed bearing, and bearing 6, take off the paper pick-up roller unit. Bearing 6 Paper feed bearing Sector gear Paper pick-up roller unit Fig. 3.7 Raise the pressure plate toward you and press both sides of the pad inward to release it by pressing the separation pad holder.
  • Page 46: Mp Sheet Feeder 2 Assy

    MP Sheet Feeder 2 ASSY Remove the four screws. Disassemble any other parts of MP sheet feeder 2 in the same way as described for MP sheet feeder 1. MP sheet feeder 2 Screws Screw Main cover Fig. 3.9 Under Shoot ASSY Disconnect the two cable harnesses from the relay PCB.
  • Page 47 Remove the two screws. Lift the rear portion of the under shoot assy to remove it. Main cover Under shoot ASSY Fig. 3.11 Note: Follow the number above in order when assembling. Feed shaft roller Plate spring Fig. 3.11.1 III-8...
  • Page 48: Sr Pcb / Relay Pcb

    SR PCB / Relay PCB Remove the SR protect sheet. Disconnect the connector of the SR harness ASSY connecting the SR PCB and the driver PCB and remove the high-voltage cover. SR protect sheet High-voltage cover SR harness ASSY Main cover SR PCB Fig.
  • Page 49: Fixing Unit

    Fixing Unit Remove the two screws. Lifting the fixing unit, disconnect the two heater harnesses and the thermistor connector on the EL PCB. Screws Fixing unit Screws EL PCB Thermistor harness Thermistor connector Heater harness (White) Fig. 3.14 Unhook the harness of the thermistor ASSY from the hook of the fixing unit. Remove the screw.
  • Page 50 Note: Follow instructions below when installing the thermistor in the fixing unit. • Place the cleaner felt of the cleaner ASSY under the heat roller. • Place the end of the thermistor on the heat roller. • Insert the boss1 of the thermistor into the hole of the fixing unit frame. •...
  • Page 51 PR98292 Release the cleaner lock from the cleaner ASSY HR. (10) Remove the cleaner ASSY HR from the fixing unit. Fixing unit Cleaner ASSY HR Screw Cleaner lock Fig. 3.18 (11) Release the right side of the paper eject roller shaft. (12) Remove the four eject pinch rollers and the pinch springs from the fixing unit frame.
  • Page 52 Note: Follow instructions below when installing the cleaner ASSY HR. • Put the cleaner ASSY HR on the heat roller. • Rotate the hook of the cleaner ASSY HR as shown in the figure to fit it into the fixing unit frame. •...
  • Page 53: Scanner Unit

    Scanner Unit Remove the three screws. Lift out the scanner unit. Screws Screw Scanner unit Main cover Driver PCB Fig. 3.21 Disconnect the three connectors from the driver PCB. Remove the screw and the tape, and lift the toner sensor PCB from the scanner unit.
  • Page 54: Main Pcb Assy

    Turn the scanner unit upside down and remove the screw to release the toner sensor harness. Screw Scanner unit Toner sensor harness Fig. 3.22-1 3.10 Main PCB ASSY Remove the four screws. Hold the hooks at left and right to pull out the main PCB ASSY. Screw Hook Main PCB ASSY...
  • Page 55: Base Plate Assy

    3.11 Base Plate ASSY Note: Prior to turning the printer upside-down, ensure that the drum unit has been removed from the printer. Turn the printer upside down. Remove the five M4 and four M3 self tapping screws and one screw. Taptite, cup M3x2 Screw Taptite, cup M3x2...
  • Page 56: Driver Pcb Assy

    Note: See the Fig. 3.26 about the position installing the dumping material and the soundproof sponge A,B. <The inside of the base plate> <The outside of the base plate> Soundproof Soundproof Dumping material Soundproof sponge A sponge B sponge A Fig.
  • Page 57: Low-voltage Power Supply Pcb Assy

    97-P-56 Disconnect the eleven connectors from the PCB. (Three connectors have already been disconnected when removing the scanner unit.) Driver PCB ASSY (Name of the harnesses) 1. SW panel harness 2. Scan motor harness 3. Toner harness 4. Laser harness 5.
  • Page 58: High-voltage Power Supply Pcb Assy

    3.14 High-voltage Power Supply PCB ASSY Remove the screw securing the high-voltage power supply PCB ASSY. Disconnect the HV flat cable from the PCB. High-voltage power Screw supply PCB ASSY Density dial HV flat cable Main cover Fig. 3.30 Note: When reassembling, the flat side of the density dial shaft must be aligned with the flat side of the density dial plastic adjustment cover.
  • Page 59: Drive Unit

    Remove the two screws securing the fan motor. Fan motor SW panel PCB Screws Fan motor holder Fig. 3.32 3.16 Drive Unit Unhook the heater harness from the drive unit. Heater harness Drive unit Hook Fig. 3.33 III-20...
  • Page 60: Main Motor Assy

    Release the hook to remove the gear cover. Remove the six screws securing the drive unit. Lift the drive unit while pressing and releasing the static removal plate spring on the drive unit. Gear cover Screws Screws Drive unit Hook Gear cover Static removal plate spring...
  • Page 61: Gears And Solenoid

    3.18 Gears and Solenoid Apply grease to the points shown below. Fig. 3.36 III-22...
  • Page 62 Note: Follow instructions below when applying the grease. Sign When applying the grease Grease Application amount Before installing the gear. Dow Corning LTD. EM-30L 1 rice-grain size After installing the bending Dow Corning LTD. EM-30L 1 rice-grain size washer, and before installing the gear.
  • Page 63: Paper Support

    3.19 Paper Support Pull the paper support down toward you and pull both legs outwards to release it. MP sheet feeder 1,2 Paper support Fig. 3.37 3.20 Extension Support Wire Raise the extension support wire toward you, press both legs inward to release it, and then release the paper stopper from the wire.
  • Page 64: Packing

    PACKING Documents Carton, SF assy Dust cover PE sheet Carton Fig. 3.39 III-25...
  • Page 65: Chapter Iv Maintenance And Troubleshooting

    CHAPTER IV MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING INTRODUCTION Initial Check Operating environment Check if : • The source voltage stays within ±10% from the rated voltage shown on the rating plate. • The printer is installed on a solid, level surface. • The room temperature is maintained between 10°C and 32.5°C. The relative humidity is maintained between 20% and 80%.
  • Page 66: Basic Procedure

    If condensation has occurred, wipe the effected units or parts with a dry cloth. If the drum unit is unpacked soon after it is moved from a cold room to a warm room, condensation may occur inside the unit, which may cause incorrect images. Instruct the user to allow the unit to come to room temperature before unpacking it.
  • Page 67: Periodical Replacement Parts

    Periodical Replacement Parts Description Part No. service life (number of print) Remarks Fixing Unit Y UH3308001 (100,000) 120V (Cleaner ASSY HR) (UH3310001) Fixing Unit Y UH3309001 (100,000) 230V (Cleaner ASSY HR) (UH3310001) Scanner Unit Y (100,000) MP sheet feeder 1 ASSY Y (100,000) (P pick-up roller shaft ASSY Y) MP sheet feeder 2 ASSY Y...
  • Page 68: Image Defects

    IMAGE DEFECTS Image Defect Examples I-1 Light I-2 Dark I-2 Dark I-3 Completely blank I-4 All black I-5 Dirt on back of paper I-6 Black vertical I-6 Black vertical I-7 Black horizontal streaks streaks stripes I-10 Faulty I-8 Black vertical I-9 White vertical I-11 Poor fixing registration...
  • Page 69: Troubleshooting Image Defects

    Troubleshooting Image Defects The following procedures should be followed in the event of specific image defects. See subsection 3.3 for information about the location of the high-voltage contacts and grounding contacts. Light HV.GND Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts (Fig.4-5) Density dial Is the density dial in the center...
  • Page 70 Dark HV.GND Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts (Fig.4-5) Density dial Is the density dial at the center Set it to the center click position? click position or reasonable position. Corona failure Is the corona wire dirty? Clean the corona wire (soiled wire) by using the wire cleaner.
  • Page 71 Completely blank HV.GND Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts (Fig.4-5) Developing bias Are the developing bias Clean the electrodes contact failure contacts between the printer at both sides. body and drum unit dirty? Drum unit Are the drum shaft and drum Clean the shaft and electrode of the printer body the electrode.
  • Page 72 All black HV.GND Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts (Fig.4-5) Corona failure Is the corona wire of the drum Replace the drum unit broken? unit. Are the electric terminal springs Clean the terminals in in the printer body and the the printer and on the electrode on the bottom face of drum.
  • Page 73 Dirt on the back of paper Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Fixing unit Is the pressure roller dirty? Clean the pressure roller. Is any other area in the printer (See the following note.) dirty? Dirt in the drum Is the transfer roller dirty? Replace the drum unit unit is the problem solved after the...
  • Page 74 Black vertical streaks Black and blurred vertical streaks HV.GND Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts (Fig.4-5) Corona failure Is the corona wire dirty? Clean the corona wire with the wire cleaner. Corona failure Is the vertical block streak Return the wire about 10mm wide? cleaner to its home Is the corona wire cleaner not in...
  • Page 75 Black vertical streaks (in the gray background) Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Translucent Are there any stains? Clean the scanner window. stain on the If it is not effective, replace the scanner window scanner unit. White vertical streaks Possible cause Step Check Result...
  • Page 76 I-11 Poor fixing Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Printing paper Is thick paper more than 36lb Instruct the user to use paper of weight in use? the recommended weight and thickness. Toner sensing Is the problem solved by Toner is empty. failure replacing the drum unit or the The toner sensing is defective,...
  • Page 77 I-13 Faint print Print out test print out test print out test Print out test print o Print out test print o Print out test print out test print out test Print out test print o Print out test print o Print out test print out test print out test Print out test print o Print out test print o Print out test print out test print out test Print out test print o Print out test print o Print out test print out test print out test Print out test print o Print out test print o...
  • Page 78 I-15 Black spots Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Drum unit Are the spots at 94mm If toner remains stuck, wipe it intervals? off gently with a cotton swab. The problem is not solved after Replace the drum unit if the printing a few pages.
  • Page 79 (3) Wipe the surface of the photosensitive drum with a cotton swab until the dust or paper powder on the surface toner lamp comes off. Paper path Separator Cleaning roller Toner cartridge Photo sensitive drum Fig. 4.4 Caution: Don't wipe the surface of the photosensitive drum with something sharp. (ball- point pen etc.) Use the cleaning liquid which is mixed ethyl alcohol and pure water at the rate of each 50%.
  • Page 80 I-16 Black bank Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Drum unit Is the wire cleaner positioned at Return the wire cleaner to its its home position? home position. Replace the drum unit. I-17 Gray background Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Density dial Is the problem corrected by...
  • Page 81 I-18 Hollow print Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Print paper Is thick paper of more than 42lb Recommend to use the being used or extremely rough specified type of paper. surface paper? Refer and compare with I-14. I-19 Downward fogging of solid black Possible cause Step Check...
  • Page 82 I-20 Horizontal lines HV.GND Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy contacts (Fig.4-5) SR electrode Are the SR electrodes between Clean both the printer body and the drum electrodes. unit dirty? SR connection Are the SR electrodes between Check the SR failure the printer body and the drum connection.
  • Page 83: Location Of High-voltage Contacts And Grounding Contacts

    Location of High-voltage Contacts and Grounding Contacts Grounding contacts High-voltage contacts Grounding wire Drum shaft For transfer roller Drum unit For cleaning For development roller roller Wire cleaner For supply roller For grid For corona wire Fig. 4.5 To SR PCB For development roller For supply roller...
  • Page 84: Location Of Feed Roller Shaft And Grounding Contacts

    Location of Feed Roller Shaft and Grounding Contacts Feed shaft roller For feed roller Fig. 4.7 CHAPTER IV -20...
  • Page 85: Paper Jam

    PAPER JAM Problem Type of jam Cause Temp measure Jam at power on Paper stuck The paper feed Remove the paper inside sensor of paper eject the printer. If there is no sensor is turned on. paper exist, check suspected sensors referring to note and clear the problem.
  • Page 86: Troubleshooting Malfunctions

    TROUBLESHOOTING MALFUNCTIONS When carrying out countermeasures for malfunctions as described in this section, check connectors for contact failure before measuring the voltage at the specified connector pins. No AC power supplied Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Supply voltage Is the correct voltage present at Inform the user that the correct the outlet? voltage is not supplied at the...
  • Page 87 Main motor unrotated Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Failure of Is the connection of connector Reconnect the connector. connector P12 on the driver PCB correct? Main motor (M1) Disconnect connector P12 from Replace the Main motor. the driver PCB. Measure the resistance between the connector pins of the main motor by using a circuit tester.
  • Page 88 Insufficient output from high-voltage power supply unit Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy High-voltage Do any of the terminals on the Clean the high-voltage contact. contact high-voltage contacts have dirt or contact burns? Check the connection of the Replace the high-voltage power harness between the high- supply PCB.
  • Page 89 BD failure Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Harness Is connector P4 on the driver Connect it securely. connection PCB secured correctly? failure Scanner failure Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Harness Is the connection of the Reconnect the connectors connection scanner motor connector P2 on securely.
  • Page 90 Double feeding Possible cause Step Check Result Remedy Paper Is paper of a recommended Instruct the user to use type being used? recommended types of paper. Separation pad Is the surface of the separation Replace the MP sheet feeder. pad worn out? Wrinkles Possible cause Step...
  • Page 91: Inspection Mode

    INSPECTION MODE Incorporated Inspection Modes The printer incorporates various inspection modes such as the factory inspection mode and the test print mode. The inspection mode varies depending on the model of the printer. This printer supports a factory inspection mode, continuous grid pattern print mode, 3 patterns print mode and NV-RAM value dump mode.
  • Page 92 Feeder2 Drum Paper eject sensor Alarm Registration sensor Ready Cover sensor (Paper) Data Toner sensor (Toner) Switch Fig. 4.8 Paper eject ON (Paper is detected.) Drum lamp ON sensor OFF (No paper is detected.) Drum lamp OFF Registration ON (Paper is detected.) Alarm lamp ON sensor OFF (No paper is detected.)
  • Page 93: Error Codes

    Error Codes In the event of a printer failure, error codes will be indicated as shown below. All the lamps and the specific lamps are turned ON alternately. The specific combination of lamps that are ON indicates the type of the error. Type of error Data Ready...
  • Page 94: Serial No. Descriptions

    PR99019 APPENDIX 1. SERIAL NO. DESCRIPTIONS The descriptions as below shows how to read labels on each place. < ID for production month > January September February June October March July November April August December Printer ......on the main body D 6 9 5 0 5 4 8 8 MONTH SERIAL NO.
  • Page 95: Connection Diagram

    Appendix 2. Connection Diagram V - 2...
  • Page 96: Main Pcb Circuit Diagram, (1/4

    Appendix 3. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, (1/4) CODE UK3400000 B48K246CIR NAME V - 3...
  • Page 97: Main Pcb Circuit Diagram, (2/4

    Appendix 4. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, (2/4) CODE UK3400000 B48K246CIR NAME V - 4...
  • Page 98: Main Pcb Circuit Diagram, (3/4

    Appendix 5. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, (3/4) CODE UK3400000 B48K246CIR NAME V - 5...
  • Page 99: Main Pcb Circuit Diagram, (4/4

    Appendix 6. Main PCB Circuit Diagram, (4/4) CODE UK3400000 B48K246CIR NAME V - 6...
  • Page 100: Driver Pcb Circuit Diagram

    Appendix 7. Driver PCB Circuit Diagram CODE UK3634000 B48K280CIR NAME V - 7...
  • Page 101: Switch Panel/solenoid, Bin/relay Pcb Circuit Diagram

    Appendix 8. Switch Panel / Solenoid, Bin / Relay PCB Circuit Diagram CODE UK3635000 NAME 281/282/283 CIR V - 8...
  • Page 102 Q202 IC301 R202 R201 Q201 Q301 R208 R303 D302 BEA301 T201 D101 C109 CN101 Q101 C110 R106 TRA1...
  • Page 103 Q202 IC301 R202 R201 Q201 Q301 R208 R303 D302 BEA301 T201 D101 C109 CN101 Q101 C110 R106 TRA1...
  • Page 104: High-voltage Power Supply Pcb Circuit Diagram

    Appendix 11. High-voltage Power Supply PCB Circuit Diagram T101 T601 IP001 R002 R001 R104 R105 R106 PC001 D102 D103 C601 R603 MC101 R225 IC201 – R222 R612 D601 D602 R101 R107 R108 R103 R606 R110 ZD101 R711 R712 T701 C706 D705 C201 R204...
  • Page 105: Sr Pcb Circuit Diagram

    Appendix 12. SR PCB Circuit Diagram CODE UK3653000 NAME B48K284CIR V - 12...
  • Page 110: Parts Reference List

  • Page 111 NOTE FOR USING THIS PARTS REFERENCE LIST 1.In the case of ordering parts, it needs mentioning the following items: (1) Code (2) Q'ty (3) Description (4) Symbol ( PCB No., Revision , and Parts location mounted on the PCB.) Note : No orders without Parts Code or Tool No. can be accepted. <...
  • Page 112 CONTENTS 1. DRIVE UNIT ..........1 2.
  • Page 114: Drive Unit

    1. DRIVE UNIT MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-010 T/I NO. PR98056 2. SCANNER UNIT MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-020 T/I No. 97-P028 / 97-P045 / 97-P052 - 1 -...
  • Page 116: Mp Sheet Feeder

    3. MP SHEET FEEDER 1-3 ( 2-3 ) MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-040/041 T/I NO. PR98062 4. PAPER FEEDER UNIT 1-10 MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-042...
  • Page 118: Fixing Units

    5. FIXING UNITS MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-051 T/I NO. PR98040 / PR98292 7. MAIN PCB MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-101...
  • Page 121 6. COVERS 38-38 T/I NO. 97-P028 / 97-P030 / 97-P045 / PR97038 MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-060...
  • Page 123: Driver Pcb

    8. DRIVER PCB MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-151 9. POWER SUPPLY PCB MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-210...
  • Page 125: 10. High-voltage Power Supply

    10. HIGH-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-220 11. AC CORDS MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-230 -11-...
  • Page 127: Accesorries

    PR97113 12. ACCESORRIES MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-920 T/I NO. 97-P054 / 97-P062 / PR97113 -13-...
  • Page 129: 13. Packing Materials

    13. PACKING MATERIALS MODEL HL-1060 54U-S01-930 -15-...
  • Page 130: User's Guide

    Please read this manual thoroughly before using the printer. Brother Laser Printer HL-1060 Series User’s Guide Keep this manual in a convenient place for quick and easy reference at all times.
  • Page 131: Shipment Of The Printer

    Shipment of the Printer If for any reason you must ship your printer, carefully package the printer to avoid any damage during transit. It is recommended that you save and use the original packaging. The printer should also be adequately insured with your carrier. Warning When shipping the printer, the DRUM UNIT assembly including the TONER CARTRIDGE must be removed from the printer and placed in...
  • Page 132 Printer Customer Support Brother International Corporation 15 Musick Irvine, CA 92718 In CANADA Brother International Corporation (Canada), Ltd. - Marketing Dept. 1, rue Hôtel de Ville Dollard-des-Ormeaux, PQ, Canada H9B 3H6 For downloading drivers from our Bulletin Board Service, call:...
  • Page 133: Compilation And Publication Notice

    USER’S GUIDE Trademarks The Brother logo is a registered trademark of Brother Industries, Ltd. Apple, the Apple Logo, AppleTalk, and Macintosh are trademarks, registered in the United States and other countries, and TrueType is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. Epson is a registered trademark and FX-80 and FX-850 are trademarks of Seiko Epson Corporation.
  • Page 134: To Use The Printer Safely

    Definitions of Warnings, Cautions, and Notes The following conventions are used in this User’s Guide: Warning Indicates warnings that must be observed to prevent possible personal injury. Caution Indicates cautions that must be observed to use the printer properly or prevent damage to the printer.
  • Page 135 USER’S GUIDE TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION..................1–1 ABOUT THE GUIDEBOOKS...................1–1 Finding Out How to Use the Printer................1–1 ABOUT YOUR PRINTER....................1–2 Printer Overview ......................1–2 System Requirements in the Brother Printing Solution for Windows ......1–3 Features ..........................1–3 OPERATING AND STORAGE ENVIRONMENT............1–6 Power Supply .........................1–6 Environment ........................1–6 CHAPTER 2 PAPER HANDLING.................2–1...
  • Page 136 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE ..................5–1 REPLACING THE TONER CARTRIDGE................5–1 REPLACING THE DRUM UNIT ..................5–6 ADJUSTING THE PRINT DENSITY................5–10 CLEANING THE PRINTER ...................5–11 Cleaning the Printer Exterior..................5–11 Cleaning the Printer Interior and Drum Unit..............5–12 Cleaning the Paper Feed Rollers ..................5–15 RE-PACKING THE PRINTER ..................5–16 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING ................6–1 ALARM INDICATIONS AT A GLANCE .................6–1...
  • Page 137: Regulations

    USER’S GUIDE REGULATIONS Federal Communications Commission Compliance Notice (For USA Only) This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
  • Page 138 REGULATIONS Radio Interference (220-240 V Model Only) This printer complies with EN55022(CISPR Publication 22)/Class B. Before this product is used, ensure that you use a double-shielded cable with twisted- pair conductors and that it is marked “IEEE 1284 compliant”. The cable must not exceed 1.8 meters in length.
  • Page 139 USER’S GUIDE Declaration of Conformity (For Europe) We, Brother International Europe Ltd., Brother House 1 Tame Street, Guide Bridge, Audenshaw, Manchester M34 5JE, UK. declare that this product is in conformity with the following normative documents. Safety: EN 60950, EN 60825...
  • Page 140 REGULATIONS For Finland and Sweden LUOKAN 1 LASERLAITE KLASS 1 LASER APPARAT Varoitus! Laitteen käyttäminen muulla kuin tässä käyttöohjeessa mainitulla tavalla saattaa altistaa käyttäjän turvallisuusluokan 1 ylittävälle näkymättömälle lasersäteilylle. Varning – Om apparaten används på annat sätt än i denna Bruksanvisning specificerats, kan användaren utsättas för osynlig laserstrålning, som överskrider gränsen för laserklass 1.
  • Page 141 USER’S GUIDE IMPORTANT - Wiring Information (For U.K. only) If the power cord supplied with this printer is not suitable for your electrical outlet, remove the plug from the mains cord and fit an appropriate three pin plug. If the replacement plug is intended to take a fuse then fit the same fuse as the original.
  • Page 142: Chapter 1 Introduction

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ABOUT THE GUIDEBOOKS Finding Out How to Use the Printer You have two guidebooks for this printer. Read each guidebook in the following order: 1. Read the Quick Setup Guide to set up your printer and to ensure proper connection with your computer.
  • Page 143: About Your Printer

    USER’S GUIDE ABOUT YOUR PRINTER Printer Overview Paper Support Paper Support Multi-Purpose Sheet Feeder 2 Multi-Purpose Sheet Feeder 1 Paper Guide Top Cover Paper Stopper Manual Feed Slot Extension Control Panel Support Wire Output Tray Fig. 1-1 Front View DIP switch Optional Interface Port ( Serial Interface Board RS100M)
  • Page 144: System Requirements In The Brother Printing Solution For Windows

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION System Requirements in the Brother Printing Solution for Windows Check the following system requirements to setup and operate the printer in the Brother Printing Solution for Windows environment: IBM PC or compatible with 80486 SX or higher microprocessor Parallel interface (or printer port) 4 MB or more of memory (8 MB recommended) 10 MB of space available on your hard disk for the printer driver and all...
  • Page 145 USER’S GUIDE Remote Printer Console Program for DOS The utility program, Remote Printer Console (RPC), is available on a floppy disk supplied with your printer. When you operate your computer in the DOS (Disk Operating System) environment, this program allows you to easily change the default settings of the printer such as fonts, page setup, emulations and so on.
  • Page 146 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Environment-Friendly Economy Printing Mode This feature will cut your printing cost by saving toner. It is useful to obtain draft copies for proof-reading. You can select from two economy modes—25% toner saving and 50% toner saving—through the Windows printer driver supplied with your printer.
  • Page 147: Operating And Storage Environment

    USER’S GUIDE OPERATING AND STORAGE ENVIRONMENT Please take note of the following before using the printer. Power Supply Use the printer within the specified power range. AC power: ±10% of the rated power voltage in your country Frequency: 50 Hz (220 V– 240 V) or 50/60 Hz (110–120 V) The power cord, including extensions, should not exceed 5 meters (16.5 feet).
  • Page 148 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Do not subject the printer to strong physical shocks or vibrations. Do not expose the printer to open flames or salty or corrosive gases. Do not place objects on top of the printer. Do not place the printer near an air conditioner. Keep the printer horizontal when carrying.
  • Page 149: Chapter 2 Paper Handling

    CHAPTER 2 PAPER HANDLING CHAPTER 2 PAPER HANDLING PAPER SPECIFICATIONS The multi-purpose sheet feeders can handle paper that has the following specifications. Sheet Feeder 1 (Front) / Manual slot Paper Type Paper Size Cut sheet A4, Letter, Legal, B5, A5, A6, Executive, Custom size (70-216 x 127-356 mm, 2.75-8.5 x 5-14 inches) Envelopes DL, C5, COM-10, Monarch, 9”...
  • Page 150 USER’S GUIDE Paper Capacity in Feeder Multi-purpose Sheet Feeder: Up to 22 mm (0.87 inch) in height (up to the mark) Approx. 200 sheets of 80 g/m (20 lb.) or 30 sheets of 158 g/m (42 lb.) A4/Letter paper, or 10 envelopes Output Tray: Approx.
  • Page 151 CHAPTER 2 PAPER HANDLING Remarks It is recommended that you test paper, especially special sizes and types of paper, on this printer before purchasing large quantities. Avoid feeding labels with carrier sheets exposed (sheets with labels previously removed), or your printer will be damaged. Avoid using coated paper, such as vinyl coated paper.
  • Page 152 USER’S GUIDE The following types of envelopes are not recommended for use. Damaged, curled, wrinkled, or irregularly shaped envelopes Extremely shiny or highly textured envelopes Envelopes with clasps Envelopes with self-adhesive closures Envelopes of baggy construction Envelopes not sharply creased Embossed envelopes Envelopes already printed by a laser printer Envelopes pre-printed on the inside...
  • Page 153: Multi-purpose Sheet Feeders

    CHAPTER 2 PAPER HANDLING MULTI-PURPOSE SHEET FEEDERS The printer has two multi-purpose sheet feeders that can feed plain paper, envelopes, transparencies and organizer paper. To use the multi-purpose sheet feeders, follow these steps: 1. Make sure that you have selected the proper paper source, paper size and orientation.
  • Page 154: Loading Paper Into The Feeder

    USER’S GUIDE Loading Paper into the Feeder To load paper into the feeder, follow these steps. Note This section describes loading paper into the front multi-purpose sheet feeder 1. Load paper into the rear sheet feeder 2 in the same way as described here.
  • Page 155 CHAPTER 2 PAPER HANDLING Note If you load envelopes in Feeder 1, make sure they are inserted in the direction shown on the previous page. Caution If you print transparencies, load them sheet by sheet. Failure to do so may cause a double feed error. The feeder can hold up to 200 sheets of plain paper (80 g/m , 20 lb.).
  • Page 156 USER’S GUIDE Note If the multi-purpose sheet feeder runs out of paper when you try to print, the Alarm and Paper lamps blink to alert you. You have to load paper in the feeder and push the panel switch to cancel the alarm and continue printing.
  • Page 157: Two Side Printing (manual Duplexing)

    CHAPTER 2 PAPER HANDLING Two Side Printing (Manual Duplexing) The supplied printer driver for Windows 95 or Windows 3.1 allows for manual duplex printing both with Feeder 1 and Feeder 2. For more information about settings, see the help text in the printer driver. The printer prints all the even numbered pages on one side of the paper first, and then prints all the odd pages on the reverse side of the paper.
  • Page 158: Manual Feed Slot

    USER’S GUIDE MANUAL FEED SLOT The front multi-purpose sheet feeder 1 also has a manual feed slot. You can manually load paper sheet by sheet from this slot. You do not need to remove paper from the multi-purpose sheet feeder when using the manual feed slot.
  • Page 159 CHAPTER 2 PAPER HANDLING Note Insert paper firmly into the manual feed slot. Be sure to load sheet by sheet when using the manual feed slot. CHAPTER 2 –11...
  • Page 160: Output Tray And Paper Support Wire

    USER’S GUIDE OUTPUT TRAY AND PAPER SUPPORT WIRE The printer ejects paper with the printed surface face down into the output tray at the front of the printer. When the output tray is closed, the ejected paper comes out sheet by sheet through the slit at the front.
  • Page 161: Chapter 3 Control Panel

    CHAPTER 3 CONTROL PANEL CHAPTER 3 CONTROL PANEL LAMPS AND SWITCH This section refers to the following lamps and switch on the printer control panel. Fig. 3-1 Lamps and Switch on Control Panel Note When the power switch is off or the printer is in sleep mode, all lamps including the Ready lamp are off.
  • Page 162: Data (toner) Lamp

    USER’S GUIDE Data (Toner) Lamp The Data lamp indicates the current status of the print data process. Lamp Printer status The printer has no print data. The printer is receiving data from the computer or Blinking the printer is processing data in memory. Print data remains in the printer memory.
  • Page 163: Alarm Lamp

    CHAPTER 3 CONTROL PANEL Alarm Lamp The Alarm lamp blinks to indicate a printer error status such as “Cover Open” and “Memory Full.” If any other error occurs, the printer indicates the error by blinking the Alarm lamp with another lamp or by printing an error report.
  • Page 164: Test Print Mode

    USER’S GUIDE Note When the printer goes into sleep mode, the fan will not stop until the printer engine has cooled down. Sleep mode allows the print engine to cool, so the temperature of your room and how long the printer has been in sleep mode affects the warm-up time.
  • Page 165: Control Features Set By The Brother Driver

    CHAPTER 3 CONTROL PANEL Control Features Set by the Brother Driver Page Protection If the printed images are too complex to print, the printer may print a partial image on the page. If this occurs, the printer has lost some print data and will indicate a “print overrun”...
  • Page 166: Apt (advanced Photoscale Technology)

    USER’S GUIDE APT (Advanced Photoscale Technology) APT allows your printer to produce fine gray scales to improve the appearance of documents containing photographic images. Using this feature, the image is printed in 256 shades of gray at near photographic quality. This setting can be made by using the supplied Windows driver.
  • Page 167: Chapter 4 Options

    CHAPTER 4 OPTIONS CHAPTER 4 OPTIONS SERIAL INTERFACE BOARD RS100M To connect the printer to a DOS computer with a serial interface or to an Apple Macintosh computer, you need to install the optional serial interface board. When you have installed the serial interface board, you can share the printer between two computers (two IBM compatible PCs or one IBM compatible PC and one Apple Macintosh) using the parallel and serial interfaces at the same time.
  • Page 168: Setting The Serial Interface Parameters

    USER’S GUIDE If necessary, select the interface type as follows: 1. Make sure that the printer is in the off-line state. 2. Select the RS-422A(Apple) or RS-232C(IBM) interface by changing the serial interface slide switch to the right for IBM(RS-232C) or to the left side for Apple(RS-422A).
  • Page 169 CHAPTER 4 OPTIONS If necessary, set the serial interface parameters as follows: 1. Make sure that the printer is in the off-line state. 2. Set the serial interface parameters by moving up (on) or down (off) the selectors of the dual in-line package (DIP) switch. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Fig.
  • Page 170: Connecting The Serial Interface Cable

    USER’S GUIDE Table 3: Parity Settings Selector 1 Selector 2 Parity Even None — Note The factory settings are indicated in bold. If the robust Xon setting is turned on with selector 8, the printer sends Xon signals at one second intervals to the connected computer until it receives data.
  • Page 171 CHAPTER 4 OPTIONS You can connect a parallel and a serial interface cable at the same time. The auto interface selection function allows you to share the printer with two computers. To do this, connect the parallel interface cable and then connect the serial interface cable as follows: 1.
  • Page 172: Br-script 2 Rom Board Br-3000

    USER’S GUIDE BR-SCRIPT 2 ROM BOARD BR-3000 The BR-Script 2 ROM board provides a PostScript Level 2 language emulation. Installing this ROM board in your printer allows your printer to print PostScript data. With a BR-Script 2 ROM board installed, the automatic emulation switching function will work among HP LaserJet 5P, BR-Script 2 and EPSON FX-850 or HP LaserJet 5P, BR-Script 2 and IBM Proprinter XL.
  • Page 173: Additional Memory

    CHAPTER 4 OPTIONS ADDITIONAL MEMORY This printer has 2.0 MByte of standard memory and has one slot for optional additional memory. The memory can be expanded up to 34 MBytes by installing a commercially available single in-line memory module (SIMM). Additional memory is useful and may be necessary if you are using the optional BR-Script 2 emulation, or the Page Protection function, full page graphics with APT or 1200 x 600 dpi resolution set to on.
  • Page 174: Installing The Simm

    USER’S GUIDE The following type of SIMMs can be installed: • 1 MByte HITACHI HB56D25632B-6A, -7A • 2 MByte HITACHI HB56D51232B-6A, -7A • 4 MByte HITACHI HB56A132BV-7A, 7AL, -7B, -7BL • 8 MByte HITACHI HB56A232BT-7A, -7AL, -7B, -7BL • 16 MByte TOSHIBA THM324000BSG-70 •...
  • Page 175 CHAPTER 4 OPTIONS 2. Unscrew the four screws securing the rear plate of the main controller board and pull out the main controller board. Fig. 4-4 Remove the main controller board 3. Unpack the SIMM and hold it on its edge. Note Do not touch the memory chips and the surface of the main controller board.
  • Page 176: Chapter 5 Maintenance

    CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE REPLACING THE TONER CARTRIDGE The printer can print approximately 2,200 pages with one toner cartridge. When the toner cartridge is running low, the Alarm and Data (Toner) lamps blink once every 5 seconds to indicate toner low. Note Actual page count will vary depending on your average document type.
  • Page 177 USER’S GUIDE Caution Keep the drum unit level after removing the toner cartridge, to avoid possible toner spill or scatter. Follow these steps to replace the toner cartridge: 1. Turn off the power switch. 2. Open the top cover. Remove the drum unit by holding each side of the drum and gently lifting the drum towards you (up and out).
  • Page 178 CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE Warning After you have just used the printer, some internal parts of the printer are extremely hot. When you open the top cover of the printer, never touch the shaded parts shown in the following illustration. High Temperature Fig.
  • Page 179 USER’S GUIDE 4. Remove the old toner cartridge from the drum unit by pulling it out gently. Fig. 5-5 Removing the Old Toner Cartridge Caution Handle the toner cartridge carefully. If toner scatters on your hands or clothes, wipe or wash it off with cold water immediately. 5.
  • Page 180 CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE 6. Install the new toner cartridge into the right hand side of the drum unit. Make sure that the toner cartridge guide bar is exactly aligned with the guide slot in the drum unit to ensure that the toner cartridge and the drum unit fit together correctly.
  • Page 181: Replacing The Drum Unit

    USER’S GUIDE REPLACING THE DRUM UNIT The printer uses a drum unit to create the print images on paper. If the Drum lamp is on, it indicates the drum unit is nearly at the end of its life. We recommend you prepare a new drum unit to replace the current one. Even if the Drum lamp is on, you may be able to continue to print without replacing the drum unit for a while.
  • Page 182 CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE Follow these steps to replace the drum unit: 1. Turn off the power switch. 2. Open the top cover and remove the old drum unit. Fig. 5-10 Removing the Drum Unit Warning After you have just used the printer, some internal parts of the printer are extremely hot.
  • Page 183 USER’S GUIDE Fig. 5-12 Removing the Toner Cartridge 4. Unpack the drum unit and gently shake it five or six times horizontally. Fig. 5-13 Shaking the Drum Unit Caution Do not remove the starter sheet. Starter Sheet Fig. 5-14 Do Not Remove the Starter Sheet Only unpack a drum unit immediately before installing it into the printer.
  • Page 184 CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE 5. Install the toner cartridge into the new drum unit. For more information, “REPLACING THE TONER CARTRIDGE” in this chapter. 6. Install the new drum unit into the printer. Fig. 5-15 Installing the Drum Unit 7. Close the top cover. 8.
  • Page 185: Adjusting The Print Density

    USER’S GUIDE ADJUSTING THE PRINT DENSITY The print density dial is located inside the printer. You can use it to adjust the amount of toner applied to the paper. When the toner cartridge and drum unit are replaced, or if the operating temperature and humidity are high or low, print conditions may change causing darker or lighter printouts.
  • Page 186: Cleaning The Printer

    CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE CLEANING THE PRINTER Clean the printer exterior and interior periodically. If printed pages get stained with toner, clean the printer interior and drum unit. Cleaning the Printer Exterior Clean the printer exterior as follows: 1. Turn off the power switch and unplug the power cord. Warning There are high voltage electrodes inside the printer.
  • Page 187: Cleaning The Printer Interior And Drum Unit

    USER’S GUIDE Cleaning the Printer Interior and Drum Unit Clean the printer interior and the drum unit as follows: 1. Turn off the power switch and unplug the power cord. Warning There are high voltage electrodes inside the printer. Before cleaning the printer, make sure to turn off the power switch and unplug the power cord from the outlet.
  • Page 188 CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE 4. Gently wipe the scanner window with a soft dry cloth. Scanner Window Fig. 5-22 Cleaning the Scanner Window Caution Do not touch the scanner window with your finger. Do not wipe the scanner window with cleaning alcohol (isopropyl). 5.
  • Page 189 USER’S GUIDE 6. Clean the primary corona wire inside the drum unit by gently sliding the tab to the right and left several times. Home Position ( ) Fig. 5-23 Cleaning the Primary Corona Wire 7. Return the tab to the home position ( mark position) before reinstalling drum unit.
  • Page 190: Cleaning The Paper Feed Rollers

    CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE Cleaning the Paper Feed Rollers Clean the paper feed rollers inside the multi-purpose sheet feeders with a clean cloth as shown below:. 1. Cleaning the Feeder 1 paper feed rollers. Fig. 5-24 Cleaning the Feeder 1 Paper Feed Rollers 2.
  • Page 191: Re-packing The Printer

    USER’S GUIDE RE-PACKING THE PRINTER Caution Whenever you transport the printer, use the packing materials which are provided with your printer. Also, follow the steps below to re-pack the printer, or the printer may be damaged which will void the printer’s warranty.
  • Page 192 CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE 4. Place the drum unit assembly in the plastic bag and seal the bag completely. Fig. 5-27 Placing the Drum Unit in the Plastic Bag 5. Close the top cover, the extension wire, and the output tray. 6.
  • Page 193: Chapter 6 Troubleshooting

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING ALARM INDICATIONS AT A GLANCE Operator Calls If a recoverable error occurs, the printer indicates an ‘operator call’ by blinking the Alarm lamp and any of the following lamps. Find the error and take the proper action to correct it. The printer automatically recovers from most errors, but you may need to reset the printer with the panel switch as described below.
  • Page 194 USER’S GUIDE For errors shown below, the printer indicates an operator call by blinking the Alarm lamp. If you use the printer with the supplied Windows driver, the status monitor will appear to indicate the error on your computer screen. The printer also prints some error messages on paper. Error Action Close the top cover of the printer.
  • Page 195 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Error Action Press the panel switch to resume printing. Serial Interface Input Check the communication parameters such as the handshake Buffer Overflow protocols on both your computer and printer. If the error occurs again, the interface hardware may be damaged.
  • Page 196: Service Calls

    USER’S GUIDE Service Calls If an unrecoverable error occurs, the printer indicates the need for a service call by lighting all the lamps and then the following combination of lamps alternately: Service Call Fuser mal- Laser BD Scanner ROM error function malfunction malfunction...
  • Page 197: Paper Jams

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING PAPER JAMS Before you can clear a paper jam error, you need to find the location of the paper jam. Locate the position referring to the following figure. Paper Front Multi-Purpose Sheet Feeder 1 can be removed to clear paper jams Paper Top Cover...
  • Page 198 USER’S GUIDE Paper Jam in the Multi-Purpose Sheet Feeder If a paper jam has occurred inside the multi-purpose sheet feeder 1 or 2, pull the jammed paper upwards out of the feeder. Also, remove Feeder 1 and open the top cover to check that a torn piece of paper does not remain inside the printer: refer to the following sections.
  • Page 199 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Paper Jam near the Drum Unit If a paper jam has occurred near the drum unit, open the top cover and remove the drum unit. ( ) Then, pull the jammed paper upwards slowly and out of the printer. ( ) Install the drum unit and close the top cover.
  • Page 200 USER’S GUIDE Caution Do not pull jammed paper from the output tray. Be sure to open the top cover to remove the jam, or the fuser may get dirty with toner powder and may result in toner scatter on the next printed page or pages. Fig.
  • Page 201: Q & A

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Q & A This section contains questions and answers for using your printer. If you have encountered a problem, find the question relating to your problem and take the steps recommended to correct the problem. Setting Up the Printer Hardware Question Recommendation The printer does not work.
  • Page 202: Setting Up The Printer For Windows

    USER’S GUIDE Setting Up the Printer for Windows Question Recommendation I cannot print from my Make sure the supplied Windows printer driver is application software. installed and selected with your application software. If you use the serial interface, make sure that the serial slide switch of the serial interface is in the correct position and the interface settings are correctly set up with the DIP switches.
  • Page 203: Setting Up The Printer For Dos

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Setting Up the Printer for DOS Question Recommendation I cannot print from my Check if the DOS application software interface application software. settings match that of your printer: for example, if you are using a parallel printer cable, you would most likely set your DOS software printer port to LPT1.
  • Page 204: Setting Up The Printer For Apple Macintosh Computers

    USER’S GUIDE Setting Up the Printer for Apple Macintosh Computers When Using the Optional RS-100M Serial Interface Question Recommendation I cannot print from my Make sure that the supplied Macintosh printer application software. driver is installed in the System Folder and it is selected with Chooser.
  • Page 205: Paper Handling

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Paper Handling Question Recommendation The printer does not load paper. Check to see if the “Paper Empty” message appears on your computer screen or the Alarm and Paper lamps are blinking on the printer control panel. If so, the multi-purpose sheet feeder may be out of paper or not properly installed.
  • Page 206: Printing

    USER’S GUIDE Printing Question Recommendation The printer prints unexpectedly Turn on and off the printer or reset the printer. or it prints garbage. Make sure your application software is correctly set up to use this printer by checking the printer settings in your application software.
  • Page 207: Print Quality

    CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Print Quality Caution You may clear a print quality problem by replacing the drum unit with a new one if the Drum lamp is on. The drum unit is at the end of its life. Question Recommendation Printouts are too dark or light.
  • Page 208 USER’S GUIDE Question Recommendation Toner scatters and stains the If toner scatters over the whole printing surface, printed page. adjust the print density dial inside the printer counter clockwise. See “ADJUSTING THE PRINT DENSITY” in Chapter 5. Clean the printer interior. See “Cleaning the Printer Interior and Drum Unit”...
  • Page 209 CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING Question Recommendation Printed pages are blurred at the Certain environmental conditions such as humidity, center or either edge. high temperatures, etc. may cause this situation to occur. Here come Pat-top ,he come. One thing I can tell you is you go to be free. Come together right now, over Here come Pat-top ,he come.
  • Page 210: Printer Specifications

    APPENDIX APPENDIX A PRINTER SPECIFICATIONS Printing Print Method Electrophotography by semiconductor laser beam scanning Laser Wavelength: 780 nm Output: 5 mW max Resolution 1200 (H) x 600 (V) dots/inch (for Windows DIB graphics) 600 x 600 dots/inch (for Windows and DOS) 300 x 300 dots/inch (under Apple Macintosh using the optional RS-100M) Print Quality...
  • Page 211: Functions

    USER’S GUIDE Drum Unit: Life Expectancy: 20,000 pages at 20 pages per job 8,000 pages at 1 page per job NOTE: There are many factors that determine the actual drum life, such as temperature, humidity, type of paper and toner that you use, the number of pages per print job, etc..
  • Page 212: Electrical And Mechanical

    APPENDIX Electrical and Mechanical Power Source U.S.A. and Canada: AC 110 to 120 V, 50 / 60 Hz Europe and Australia: AC 220 to 240 V, 50 Hz Power Consumption Printing: 280 W or less Stand-by: 60 W or less Sleep: 13 W or less Noise...
  • Page 213: Parallel Interface Specifications

    USER’S GUIDE PARALLEL INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS Note To ensure the highest quality performance, it is recommended that you use an IEEE 1284 compliant parallel cable between the printer and your computer. Only IEEE 1284 cables support all of the advanced printing capabilities, such as bi-directional communication.
  • Page 214 APPENDIX Note To use bi-directional communication, an interface cable which has the pin connections above must be used. Shield Shield Fig. A-1 Parallel Interface Cable APPENDIX A –5...
  • Page 215: Resident Fonts

    USER’S GUIDE RESIDENT FONTS Bitmapped Fonts This printer has the following bitmapped fonts. They can be used in the HP LaserJet 5P, EPSON FX-850, and IBM Proprinter XL modes. They have the following characteristics. Letter Gothic 16.66 Normal, Italic, Bold, BoldItalic (Portrait & Lanscape) OCR-A(Portrait &...
  • Page 216 APPENDIX The following scalable fonts can be used in the BR-Script mode. ( Only when you have installed the BR-Script 2 ROM board.) Atlanta Book (BookOblique, Demi, DemiOblique) BR Dingbats BR Symbol Brougham (Oblique, Bold, BoldOblique) Brussels Light (LightItalic, Demi, DemiItalic) Calgary MediumItalic Copenhagen Roman (Italic, Bold, BoldItalic) Helsinki (Oblique, Bold, BoldOblique)
  • Page 217: Symbol Sets/character Sets

    USER’S GUIDE SYMBOL SETS/ CHARACTER SETS OCR Symbol Sets When the OCR-A or OCR-B font is selected, the corresponding symbol set is always used. OCR-A OCR-B HP LaserJet 5P Mode Roman 8 (8U) Ventura US (14J) ISO11 Swedish ISO14 JIS ASCII ISO Latin1 (0N) PS Math (5M) ISO15 Italian...
  • Page 218: Index

    INDEX INDEX Alarm lamp ....... 3–3, 6–1 Factory Reset ........3–4 auto-emulation switching ....1–4 Feeder lamp ........3–2 baud rate..........4–3 hex dump print........3–4 bitmapped font ......... A–6 BR-Script 2 ROM board ....4–6 interface ..........A–2 error ..........6–2 character set........A–8 control panel......
  • Page 219 USER’S GUIDE paper feed roller ......5–15 switch..........3–3 paper guide........1–2 symbol set .........A–8 Paper lamp ......... 3–1, 6-1 paper stopper........1–2 paper support........1–2 test print mode ........3–4 parallel interface test sample page.........3–4 pin assignment......A–4 time-out..........3–3 port ..........1–2 toner parity ..........

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