D-Link DES-3224 User Manual

D-link systems 10/100 auto negotiation switch user's guide des-3224
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DES-3224 10/100 Auto Negotiation
Switch
User's Guide
Rev. A1 (December, 1998)
6DES3224..02
Printed In Taiwan
RECYCLABLE

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  • Page 1 DES-3224 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Rev. A1 (December, 1998) 6DES3224..02 Printed In Taiwan RECYCLABLE...
  • Page 2 Complete Products Spare parts and spare kits Your dealer, or your nearest D-Link office, can advise whether a longer period of warranty applies to your purchase, and if so, can provide you a separate certificate of supplemental warranty. The one-year period of warranty on complete products (or such longer period of warranty as may be offered as to your purchase) applies on condition that the product’s Registration Card is filled out and returned to a D-Link office within ninety (90) days of purchase.
  • Page 3 D-Link Offices for Registration and Warranty Service: The product’s Registration card, provided at the back of this manual, must be sent to a D-Link office. To obtain an RMA number for warranty service as to a hardware product, or to obtain warranty service as to a software product, contact the D-Link office nearest to you.
  • Page 4 No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative such as translation, transformation, or adaptation without permission from D-Link Corporation/D-Link Systems Inc., as stipulated by the United States Copyright Act of 1976.
  • Page 5: Wichtige Sicherheitshinweise

    Wichtige Sicherheitshinweise Bitte lesen Sie sich diese Hinweise sorgfältig durch. Heben Sie diese Anleitung für den spätern Gebrauch auf. Vor jedem Reinigen ist das Gerät vom Stromnetz zu trennen. Vervenden Sie keine Flüssig- oder Aerosolreiniger. Am besten dient ein angefeuchtetes Tuch zur Reinigung. Um eine Beschädigung des Gerätes zu vermeiden sollten Sie nur Zubehörteile verwenden, die vom Hersteller zugelassen sind.
  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Installation Options ...6 Power On ...7 3...8 Connecting the DES-3224 to the Network...8 Cable Specifications ...8 Ports...10 MDI-II Port ...10 MDI-X Port...10 RS-232 Port...10 DES-3224 to DES-3224 Connection...11 Connecting the DES-3224 to the DES-5024 and Hubs...11 4...12 Table of Contents...
  • Page 8 LEDs...12 DES-3224 LED Panel...13 Speed/ Link/ Activity LED ...13 5...15 Managing the DES-3224 ...15 Local Console Management ...15 Telnet...16 Log In ...17 Help Message...18 Panel Conventions...19 Console Program...20 System Configuration ...20 User Account Management ...20 Switch Port 1-8, 9-16, 17-24 Configuration ...20 Spanning Tree Configuration...20...
  • Page 9 VLAN Port Management Menu...47 Create/ View VLAN...49 Delete VLAN Menu ...50 Trunking Port Management Menu ...53 Create New Trunking Port...54 Delete Trunking Port ...55 6...58 Troubleshooting ...58 Problem Solution ...58 A...61 DES-3224 Technical Specifications ...61 Switch Specifications ...61 Port Specifications...61 Index...64...
  • Page 11: About This Guide

    This section defines the scope of this guide and gives a summary of the contents of each chapter. It describes the features of the D-Link DES-3224 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch. Information about the DES-3224 and other D-Link products is available on our web site at www.dlink.com.
  • Page 12: Introduction

    The chapter is divided into the following sections. Each section briefly describes the features of the DES-3224. Most of the topics discussed will be explained in greater detail later in the manual.
  • Page 13: Side Panels

    MDI-II Uplink port and port 1x simultaneously. The RS-232 port is located at the rear of the DES-3224. All LEDs are located on the front panel of the DES-3224. Their purpose is to allow you to monitor the operation and performance of the DES-3224 at a glance.
  • Page 14: Rear Panel

    DES-3224. Managing the DES-3224 in this mode requires a direct connection between a PC and the DES-3224. Telnet Management Telnet is done over the network. Once the DES-3224 is on the network, you can use Telnet to log in and change the configuration. D-View/ SNMP Management The DES-3224 supports SNMP through D-View, D-Link’s proprietary SNMP application...
  • Page 15: Updating Firmware

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Updating Firmware Firmware can be updated quickly and easily. See the section Software Update Menu, Chapter 5, for instructions on updating firmware. Introduction...
  • Page 16: Installing The Des-3224

    Unpacking the DES-3224 Installation options and instructions Powering on the DES-3224 Unpacking the DES-3224 Open the box and carefully unpack the DES-3224. You should have all the items on the following checklist: DES-3224 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch RS-232 DCE serial cable...
  • Page 17: Power On

    Check the configuration of the DES-3224 after a power failure but do not reset unless it is necessary. The DES-3224 can be used with power sources in the range 100 to 240 VAC., 50 to 60 Hz. Installing the DES-3224...
  • Page 18: Connecting The Des-3224 To The Network

    Connecting the DES-3224 to another DES-3224 Connecting the DES-3224 to other switches and hubs This section deals with making cables and connecting the DES-3224 to other devices. It is extremely important that cables have the correct pin arrangement and that the proper cables be used when connecting to servers, switches, hubs, workstations and other devices.
  • Page 19 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide must use the correct pin arrangement in order for the DES-3224 to work properly. See Figure 4 for an example of straight through and crossover cable. Table 2: Cable Requirements shows the cable specifications.
  • Page 20: Ports

    4. Verify that the LED indicates connection at the proper speed and duplex mode. RS-232 Port The RS-232 Port is located at the rear of the DES-3224. The RS-232 port is a female port that is used for serial communication. By connecting the DES-3224 and a PC you can configure the DES-3224 and check its status and configurations even when the network is down.
  • Page 21: Des-3224 To Des-3224 Connection

    Connecting the DES-3224 to the DES-5024 and Hubs You can connect the DES-3224 to other switches and hubs on the network. The DES-3224 and the DES-5024 are compatible products that can be connected easily. If you create multiple connections between devices, create Trunked ports for more efficiency. See the section on Port Trunking for more details.
  • Page 22: Leds

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide The LED panel of the DES-3224, displayed in Figure 5, is designed to allow you to manage the DES-3224 at a glance. The LEDs indicate the following: Power Speed Link Activity Duplex mode CPU utilization and error status All of the LEDs are described in detail.
  • Page 23: Des-3224 Led Panel

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide DES-3224 LED Panel The LED panel of the DES-3224 displayed in Figure 5, allows you to manage the DES-3224 at a glance. 10Mbps Power Link 100 Mbps Full Half Figure 5: DES-3224 LED Panel Speed/ Link/ Activity LED The 10/100 Mbps, Link, and Activity are combined into one LED.
  • Page 24: Utilization Leds

    CPU. The first six LEDs are green. The last two are amber. The Utilization LED panel indicates if there is an error on the DES-3224 during the powering on process and identifies the type of error. See Chapter 6, Troubleshooting, for the System Error LED Indicators table.
  • Page 25: Managing The Des-3224

    DES-3224 cannot be reached by any other means. Use Local Console Management to log into the DES-3224 for the first time. You do not need to know the IP address to log into the DES-3224 using Local Console Management. You can change all the settings and configure the DES-3224, set the IP address and perform other management functions.
  • Page 26: Telnet

    IP address. Once you have assigned an IP address to the DES-3224, you can use the management method of your choice. Telnet management can be done through the MDI-II Uplink port of the DES-3224 or any of the MDI-X ports on either switch.
  • Page 27: Log In

    The Log In panel, displayed in Figure 6, is the first panel you see when connecting to the DES-3224. All management methods require you to log into the DES-3224 with your user name and password before beginning a management session. For security, you should change the default User Name and Password.
  • Page 28: Help Message

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Help Message A one page panel, displayed in Figure 7, is available. The menu lists the keystroke and typographic conventions available on the DES-3224. Figure 7: Help Message Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 29: Panel Conventions

    <Enable> [168.8.254.1] EXIT Blinking Text After you are finished viewing the help panel, press Enter to return to the main menu. Managing the DES-3224 Description Select different items. Toggle-switch. Remove any input character from thescreen. Move cursor backward or forward.
  • Page 30: Console Program

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Console Program The Console Program, shown in Figure 8, is the main menu of the DES-3224. Figure 8: Console Program System Configuration The System Configuration menu gives you general information about the DES-3224 and allows you to assign a LAN IP Address, Subnet Mask, LAN Default Gateway and contact information on the system administrator.
  • Page 31: Snmp Management Configuration

    1. Use the tab key or the up and down arrow keys to select an option. 2. Press Enter. System Configuration Menu The System Configuration menu, displayed in Figure 9, allows you to alter the configuration of DES-3224. Figure 9: System Configuration menu Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 32: System Information

    Software Update The Software Update menu is used to update the software on the DES-3224. This feature is only supported through Local Console Management. Follow these steps to select a menu: 1.
  • Page 33: System Information Menu

    Specifies the hardware revision and the product generation. Each revision is numbered incrementally. Boot PROM Firmware Version Specifies the version of the Boot PROM being used on the DES-3224. Each version is numbered incrementally. Software Version Specifies the software version being used on the DES-3224. You can update the software.
  • Page 34: System Description

    Brief manufacturer description of the DES-3224. This value cannot be changed. System Name Specifies the full name of the DES-3224. This value can be changed, allowing you to assign a unique name to the DES-3224. You can enter up to 44 characters.
  • Page 35: System Reset

    Figure 11: System Reset Some configurations will require you to reset the DES-3224 in order for them to take effect. Screen prompts will tell you to reset the DES-3224 in order for them to take effect. Follow these steps to reset the DES-3224: 1.
  • Page 36: Factory Reset

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Factory Reset The Factory Reset panel, displayed in Figure 12, is used to reset the DES-3224 and restore all factory default values. Using this panel erases all configurations and customization. Figure 12: Factory Reset Follow these steps to restore factory default configurations: 1.
  • Page 37 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Figure 13: Factory Reset Confirmation Follow these steps to exit the panel without restoring factory default parameters: 1. Select No or Exit. 2. Press Enter. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 38: System Rate Control

    DES-3224. There are two options: Store & Forward and Cut-Through. Figure 14: System Rate Control The DES-3224 can be set for Store and Forward or Cut-Through. This is a global setting that affects all the ports except the RS-232 port.
  • Page 39 Advantages of Cut-Through Cut-Through is faster because the packet is sent as soon as the first 128 bytes are received. Cut-Through requires less memory since the DES-3224 only reads the address but does not store the entire message. Disadvantages of Cut-Through Bad packets are perpetuated, taking up bandwidth.
  • Page 40: Software Update Menu

    1. Load the new software to the hard drive of the PC you will be downloading from. Never attempt to load software from the floppy drive. 2. Connect the DES-3224 and the PC with the software on it with the RS-232 cable provided. Use the settings given at the beginning of this chapter. Never attempt to load firmware through Telnet.
  • Page 41 5. Select Browse on the panel displayed in Figure 17. The browse option shows the contents of your hard drive. You must specify the path from the DES-3224 to the file the firmware is in. Navigate to the file the firmware is stored in and select it. Use XMODEM to transfer the file.
  • Page 42 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide When the transfer is complete you will see the panel in Figure 18. The DES-3224 will reset itself automatically and you will have to log in again. Figure 18: Message Displayed as EEPROM is Being Written...
  • Page 43: User Account Management

    Follow these steps to select a menu option: 1. Select an option. 2. Press Enter. Create New User The Create New User panel, displayed in Figure 20, allows you to add new users. You can have a total of three users on the DES-3224. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 44: User Name

    Super Users have administrative rights on the DES-3224. They can add and delete users, change the configuration of the DES-3224 and perform all management functions. General Users have read only access to the DES-3224. They can look at the panels but they cannot make any changes to existing settings or configurations.
  • Page 45: Delete Users

    Delete Users The Delete Users panel, displayed in Figure 21, allows you to delete users from the DES- DES-3224. As a safety precaution, the DES-3224 will not allow the user who is currently logged in to delete themselves by accident.
  • Page 46 1. Select the Access Level of the user you want to delete. 2. Move the cursor to the Delete column and use the space bar to toggle the option from No to Yes. 3. Press Enter. 4. Select Save and press Enter. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 47: Change Password

    1. Enter the user’s name in the User Name field. 2. Enter the user’s old password in the Old Password field. 3. Enter the new password in the New Password field. 4. Reenter the new password in the Confirm Password field. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 48: Switch Port Configuration

    5. Select Save and press Enter to save your changes. Switch Port Configuration The Switch Port Configuration panels are used to configure individual ports on the DES- 3224. All three panels are dealt with together. The only difference between the three panels is the port number that they deal with.
  • Page 49: Port State

    1. Select the physical setting of the appropriate port. 2. Toggle the space bar until you find the appropriate setting. 3. Select Save and press Enter. Follow these steps to change the port Priority: 1. Select the Priority of the appropriate port. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 50: Spanning Tree Configuration

    (using multiple switches or bridges) in your network. These backup paths are idle until the DES-3224 determines that a problem has developed in the primary path. If the primary path breaks down STA will activate the backup path. STA is very complicated and you should understand it well before changing the default settings.
  • Page 51: Spanning Tree Algorithm

    Bridge then the Hello Time will not take effect until the switch becomes the Root Bridge. Forward Delay Time This is the time any port on the DES-3224 spends in the listening state while moving from the listening state to the forwarding state. It can be set from 4 to 30 seconds.
  • Page 52: Root Bridge

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Root Bridge Specifies the MAC address of the Root Bridge. The DES-3224 may or may not be the root bridge. The DES-3224 is the default root bridge. Root Port Specifies the preferred path to the Root Bridge. Only one path per bridge can exist. The default setting is none.
  • Page 53: Snmp Management Configuration

    DES-3224 is running. For example, the number and type of ports on the DES-3224 is a read-only constant. The number and type of ports is fixed. Statistics, such as the number of errors that have occurred, are read-only variables.
  • Page 54: Snmp Manager Setting

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Figure 25: SNMP Management Configuration menu SNMP Manager Setting The fields under this setting are used to configure the DES-3224 for SNMP Management. You must configure these fields in order to manage the DES-3224 through SNMP. SNMP Community String The SNMP Community String field allows you to name the SNMP Communities.
  • Page 55: Snmp Trap Manager Setting

    A cold start is different from a factory reset. Authentication Failure Signifies that an addressee (or manager/ user) on the DES-3224 is not a valid user of the DES-3224 and may have entered an incorrect community name.
  • Page 56 1. Enter the IP Address of the Trap Manager. 2. Enter the name of the SNMP Community String. 3. Select Status and toggle the space bar to select Valid or Invalid. 4. Select Save and press Enter. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 57: Vlan Port Management

    LAN segment. VLANs can be used to subdivide the network. The DES-3224 supports port based VLAN. Port based VLAN means that the VLAN is grouped by port. If a VLAN is created using three ports, then those ports become a separate broadcast domain.
  • Page 58 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Figure 26: VLAN Port Management menu Follow these steps to create, delete and modify VLAN: 1. Select the appropriate option. 2. Press Enter. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 59: Create/ View Vlan

    Is the name of the VLAN you are creating. All VLANs must have a unique name. Port # Is the number of the port. The numbers on the panel match the ports on the DES-3224. Some ports are combined. For example, ports 1 and 3 are shown as “Port 1/3”. Ports that are grouped together must be part of the same VLAN.
  • Page 60: Delete Vlan Menu

    After you have created a VLAN, this column will have the option to delete it. Follow these steps to delete VLANs: 1. Select the VLAN you want to delete in the Delete column. 2. Toggle the space bar to Yes to delete the VLAN. 3. Select Save and press Enter. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 61: Modify Vlan Menu

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide 4. A screen prompt will warn you that you must reset the DES-3224 in order for the change to take effect. Modify VLAN Menu The Modify VLAN menu, displayed in Figure 29, enables you to modify VLANs.
  • Page 62 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Figure 30: VLAN Modify menu Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 63: Trunking Port Management Menu

    The Trunking Port Management panels are used to create, delete and modify trunk ports. Figure 31: Trunking Port Management menu Follow these steps to create, delete and modify trunk ports: 1. Select the appropriate option. 2. Press Enter. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 64: Create New Trunking Port

    Port # Is the number of the port. The numbers on the panel match the ports on the DES-3224. Some ports are not available for trunking. For example, port 3 has a status of N/A . Ports that are shown as N/A are not available for inclusion in any trunking groups.
  • Page 65: Delete Trunking Port

    After you have created a Trunking Group, this column will have the option to delete it. Follow these steps to delete a Trunking Group: 1. Select the Trunking Group you want to delete in the Delete column. 2. Toggle the space bar to Yes to delete the Trunking Group. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 66: Modify Trunking Port

    1. Select the name of the appropriate Trunked Port. 2. Press Enter. 3. You will see the Modify Trunking Port panel shown in Figure 35. Use this panel to modify a Trunking Group. Trunk1 is shown as an example. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 67 Trunking Group. Selected means the port has been selected as part of a Trunking Group. N/A indicates ports that are not available for inclusion in any trunking group. 5. Select Save and press Enter to implement your changes. Managing the DES-3224...
  • Page 68: Troubleshooting

    This troubleshooting section is intended to help you solve the most common problems on the DES-3224. Many problems on the DES-3224 are indicated by the Utilization LED during the powering on process. All LEDs are explained in detail in Chapter 4, LEDs. Error codes are displayed on the Utilization LED.
  • Page 69 Check the power plug and verify that you are getting power from the wall socket. If the DES-3224 is on, the power LED is not working properly. Return DES-3224. If the DES-3224 is not powering on and power is being received though the wall socket, the power supply is not working.
  • Page 70 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide Table 8: System Error LED Indicators PHY Failure ARL Failure ARL Memory Failure Troubleshooting...
  • Page 71: Des-3224 Technical Specifications

    10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide DES-3224 Technical Specifications Switch Specifications Complies with IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD 10 Base-T, 100 Base-TX Complies with IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Switched IEEE 802.3 MAC layer frame size: 64-1518 NWAY Auto-negotiation for each 10 Base-T/ 100 Base-TX network port providing...
  • Page 72 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch User’s Guide General Standards: IEEE 802.3 10 Base-T Ethernet IEEE 802.3u 100 Base-TX Fast Ethernet ANSI/IEEE Std 802.3 NWAY ™ Auto Negotiation IEEE 802.3 Frames types: Transparent IEEE 802.3 MAC layer frame size: 64-1518 Protocols: CSMA/CD, Full Duplex...
  • Page 73 Cut-Through and Store-and-Forward RAM Buffer: 2 M bytes pwer device Filtering Addess Table: 8 K entries per device Packet Filtering/ Forwarding 148810 pps per port (for 100 Mbps) Rate: MAC Address Learning: Automatic update Max age: five minutes DES-3224 Technical Specifications...
  • Page 74: Index

    Delete ...36, 50, 55 Delete Trunking Port ... 55 Delete Users... 35 Delete VLAN ... 50 DES-3224 LED... 13 DES-3224 to DES-3224 connection... 11 Factory Reset ... 22, 26 Features ... 2 Forget Password... 59 Forward Delay Time ... 41 Front Panel...
  • Page 75 System Contact ... 24 System Description ... 24 System Information ... 22 System Information Menu ... 23 System Location... 24 DES-3224 Technical Specifications System Name ... 24 System Rate Control...22, 28 System Reset...22, 25 Telnet ... 4, 16 TrunkGroup ...49, 54 Trunking Port...

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