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Ferris HydroWalk DDSKAV15 Operator's Manual

Hydrowalk series dual drive walk-behind mowers.
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Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
HydroWalk Series
Dual Drive Walk-Behind Mowers
Mower Deck
Model Number
Model Number
Revision 03
Rev. Date: 02/2005
TP 100-7056-02-WD-F


Table of Contents

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  • Page 1 Ferris Industries 5375 North Main Street Munnsville, NY 13409 800-933-6175 OPERATOR’S MANUAL HydroWalk Series Dual Drive Walk-Behind Mowers Powerhead Mower Deck Model Number Model Number DDSKAV15 DDS48 DDSKAV15CE DDS48R DDSKAV17 DDS52 DDSKAV17CE DDS52R DDSKAV23 DDSH52 DDSKAV23CE DDS61 DDSH61 22880 Revision 03 Rev.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Safety Rules & Information ...2 Identification Tags ...5 Safety Decals ...6 Safety Interlock System...7 Features & Controls ...8 Control Functions...8 Safety Interlock System ...9 Operating the Dual Drive Walk-Behind General Operating Safety ...10 Checks Before Starting ...10 Starting the Engine ...11 Stopping the Mower ...11 Driving the Mower ...11 Mowing...12...
  • Page 4: Safety Rules & Information

    Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment. This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. The triangle in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
  • Page 5 23. Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees or other objects that may obscure vision. 24. To reduce fire hazard, keep unit free of grass, leaves & excess oil. Do not stop or park over dry leaves, grass or combustible materials. 25.
  • Page 6 Safety Rules & Information SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE To avoid personal injury or property damage, use extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive. Safe Handling of Gasoline 1. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other sources of ignition.
  • Page 7: Identification Tags

    Identification Numbers FERRIS FERRIS INDUSTRIES, INC. UNNSVILLE, NY 13409 ADE IN THE USA SERIAL NO. ODEL NO. PRODUCT REFERENCE Unit Model Number Unit SERIAL Number Mower Deck Model Number Mower Deck SERIAL Number Date Purchased Dealer Name ENGINE REFERENCE DATA...
  • Page 8: Safety Decals

    Safety Decals GENERAL This unit has been designed and manufactured to pro- vide you with the safety and reliability you would expect from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment manufacturing. Although reading this manual and the safety instructions it contains will provide you with the necessary basic knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effec- tively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to remind you of this important information while you are...
  • Page 9: Safety Interlock System

    SAFETY INTERLOCK SYSTEM This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches. These safety systems are present for your safety, do not attempt to bypass safety switches, and never tamper with safety devices. Check their operation regularly. Operational SAFETY Checks Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if: •...
  • Page 10: Features & Controls

    Features & Controls Please take a moment and familiarize your- self with the name, location, and function ofthese controls so that you will better under-stand the safety and operating ins CONTROL FUNCTIONS The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and mowing require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences.
  • Page 11: Operating The Dual Drive Walk-behind

    Parking Brake Handle The parking brake is applied by pushing DOWN on the parking brake handle until it stops. To release the park- ing brake, pull UP on the handle until it locks over cen- ter. PTO (Power Take Off) Switch The PTO switch engages and disengages the mower.
  • Page 12: General Operating Safety

    Operation GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY Before first time operation: • Be sure to read all information in the Safety and Operation sections before attempting to operate this tractor and mower. • Become familiar with all of the controls and how to stop the unit.
  • Page 13: Starting The Engine

    WARNING If you do not understand how a specific control functions, or have not yet thoroughly read the FEATURES & CONTROLS section, do so now. Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without first becoming familiar with the location and function of ALL controls.
  • Page 14: Mowing

    Operation MOWING Before mowing, set the cutting height as described in the Troubleshooting, Adjustments & Service section. 1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and the motion control lever is in the NEUTRAL position. 2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE). 3.
  • Page 15: Storage

    STORAGE Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less) Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline, so never store the unit indoors or in any other area where fuel vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel vapor is also toxic if inhaled, so never store the unit in any structure used for human or animal habitation.
  • Page 16: Regular Maintenance

    Regular Maintenance MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your mower. You will need to keep a record of your operating time. SAFETY ITEMS Check Safety Interlock System Check Mower Blade Stopping Time NORMAL CARE ITEMS Check Rider/Mower for loose hardware Check Engine Oil Level...
  • Page 17: Checking/adding Fuel

    CHECKING / ADDING FUEL To add fuel: 1. Remove the fuel cap (see A, Figure 2). 2. Fill the tank to the bottom of the filler neck. This will allow for fuel expansion. NOTE: Do not overfill. Refer to your engine manual for specific fuel recommendations.
  • Page 18: Lubrication

    Regular Maintenance LUBRICATION Lubricate the machine at the lubrication points shown in Figures 6 - 11. Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble parts to apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings are not installed. Not all greases are compatible. Ferris Red Grease (P/N 22285) is strongly recommended.
  • Page 19: Battery Maintenance

    BATTERY MAINTENANCE Checking the Battery Fluid NOTE: It is not necessary to check the battery fluid level if machine is equipped with a maintenance-free battery. 1. Remove the battery box cover to access the battery. 2. Remove the battery filler cap(s) (A, Figure 12). Fluid must be even with the split ring full mark.
  • Page 20: Servicing The Mower Blades

    Regular Maintenance SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES 1. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents. If not, sharpen blades as described in following steps. 2. Remove the deck guard. 3. Raise the mower deck and secure with jackstands. 4.
  • Page 21: Troubleshooting The Mower

    TROUBLESHOOTING While normal care and regular maintenance will extend the life of your equipment, prolonged or constant use may eventually require that service be performed to allow it to continue operating properly. The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common problems, their causes and remedies.
  • Page 22: Troubleshooting The Mower Deck

    Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service Rider Troubleshooting Continued. PROBLEM Engine runs, but mower will not drive. Transmission drive belt slips. Brake will not hold. Mower steers hard or handles poorly. TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER DECK PROBLEM Mower cut is uneven. Mower cut is rough looking. Engine stalls easily with mower engaged.
  • Page 23: Mowing Height Adjustment

    MOWING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT The mowing height is determined by three factors: the mount position of the mower deck, the number of blade spacers above the spindle and the number of caster spacers above the caster arm. Refer to the Height Of Cut chart to the right for the cor- rect settings to obtain the desired height of cut.
  • Page 24: Deck Leveling Adjustment (ddsh Models)

    Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service DECK LEVELING ADJUSTMENT (DDSH Models only) 1. Make sure there is one spacer above and below the frame on the front caster shafts and place hairpin clips in the 2” cutting height position (see Figure 18). 2.
  • Page 25: Mowing Height Adjustment (ddsh Models)

    o w i n g h e i g h t . P e r f o r m a d j u s t m e n t a l l f o u r s h a f t s . c a s t e r s p a c e r s a n d...
  • Page 26: Mower Belt Replacement

    Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT AND ADJUSTMENT To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS. PTO Clutch to Deck Belt 1. Park the machine on a smooth, level surface such as a concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the ignition key.
  • Page 27: Mower Belt Replacement (ddsh Models)

    MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT AND ADJUSTMENT (DDSH Models only) To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS. 1. Park the machine on a smooth, level surface such as a concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the ignition key.
  • Page 28: Transmission Drive Belt Replacement

    Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service TRANSMISSION DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS. 1. Remove the deck drive belt. See MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT AND ADJUSTMENT sections. 2. Remove the grass screen that covers the transmis- sion cooling fans.
  • Page 29: Transmission Neutral & Tracking Adjustments

    TRANSMISSION NEUTRAL & TRACKING ADJUSTMENTS Neutral Adjustment 1. Park the machine on a smooth, level surface such as a concrete floor, away from bystanders and prefer- ably facing a wall. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the ignition key.
  • Page 30: Transmission Maintenance & Service

    Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service TRANSMISSION MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE The hydrostatic transmissions are sealed units that require no maintenance other than the following. • Keep the grass screen and transmission cooling fins clear or grass, leaves and debris. • Keep oil level in the reservoirs (A, Figure 31) at the “FULL”...
  • Page 31: Pto Clutch Adjustment

    Figure 33. PTO Clutch Adjustment Adjustment Window (Qty. 3, one shown) Adjustment Nut PTO CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT Check the PTO clutch adjustment after the initial 25 hour break-in period and then after every 100 hours of opera- tion. Also perform the following procedure if the clutch is slipping or will not engage, or if a new clutch has been installed.
  • Page 32: Battery Service

    Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service BATTERY SERVICE WARNING Keep open flames and sparks away from the battery; the gasses coming from it are highly explosive. Ventilate the battery well during charging. Checking Battery Voltage A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of bat- tery.
  • Page 33 THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES Starter Switch Starting Vehicle Battery To Ground MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH Figure 35. Jump Starting WARNING Any procedure other than the preceding could result in: (1) personal injury caused by electrolyte squirting out the battery vents, (2) personal injury or property damage due to battery explosion, (3) damage to the charging system of the...
  • Page 34: Replacement Parts & Accessories

    Specifications NOTE: Specifications are correct at time of printing and are subject to change without notice. * Actual sustained equipment horsepower will likely be lower due to operating limitations and environmental factors. ENGINE: 15 HP* Kawasaki Manual Start Make Kawasaki Model FH451V Horsepower...
  • Page 35: General Information

    GENERAL INFORMATION Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your lawn in the best possible condition. A healthy and well maintained lawn is better able to resist drought, weeds, and other stresses. But too much maintenance is as detrimental to your lawn as neglect. Proper care for your lawn involves more than just “cutting the grass.”...
  • Page 36: Lawn Care & Mowing Information

    Lawn Care & Mowing Information HOW HIGH TO MOW THE GRASS Often cutting height is a matter of personal prefer- ence. Typically, you should mow the grass when it is is between three and five inches high. The proper cutting height range for a specific lawn will depend upon several factors, including the type of grass,...
  • Page 37 Lawn Care & Mowing Information LC-3...
  • Page 38: Mowing Methods

    Lawn Care & Mowing Information MOWING METHODS Proper Broadcast Mowing Broadcasting, or side-discharging, disperses fine clip- pings evenly over the entire lawn. Many golf courses use this method. Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly over the lawn.
  • Page 39 TIPS On Dealing With Clippings Clippings are beneficial to your lawn. A common mis- conception about clippings is that they automatically lead to thatch—this is untrue. Short clippings produced by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn because they: COMPOSTING The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your...
  • Page 40 Lawn Care & Mowing Information Stepped Cutting Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in the lawn surface. Stepped cutting is usually caused by mower deck damage or misadjustment, or damage to mower blades. CAUSE Deck is not leveled correctly Tires are not properly inflated Blades are damaged Deck shell is damaged...
  • Page 41 Uneven Cutting Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the lawn surface. Uneven cutting is usually caused by mower deck damage or misadjustment. S t i n g e r s CAUSE Deck is not leveled correctly Blades are dull or worn Blades are damaged Deck is clogged with grass clippings Deck shell is damaged...
  • Page 42: International Symbols

    Common International Symbols Choke Fast (Throttle) Slow (Throttle) Throttle Fuel Technical Manuals Additional Technical Literature Available Operators Manuals Additional copies of this manual are available, (and as part of our product support commitment, we maintain a stock of printed operators manuals going back many years!) Parts Manuals Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available —...
  • Page 43 Ferris Industries, Inc. (Ferris) warrants, in accordance with the provisions below, to the original purchaser only, for the periods described below that the commercial mower shall be free from substantial defects in material or workmanship under normal use and service. If you wish to file a claim under this limited warranty, you must provide prompt notice of your claim to an authorized Ferris dealer during the warranty period.
  • Page 44 OPERATOR’S MANUAL HydroWalk Series Dual Drive Walk-Behind Mowers Ferris Industries 5375 North Main Street Munnsville, NY 13409 800-933-6175 © Copyright 2005 Ferris Industries All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.

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