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Midi Data Format - Yamaha N-100 Service Manual

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N-100

MIDI DATA FORMAT

If you're already very familiar with MIDI, or are using a computer to control your music hardware with computer-generated MIDI
messages, the data provided in this section can help you to control the N-100.
1. NOTE ON/OFF
Data format: [9nH] -> [kk] -> [vv]
9nH = Note ON/OFF event (n = channel number)
kk =
Note number (Transmit: 09H–78H = A-2–C8 /
Receive: 00H–7FH = C-2–G8)
vv =
Velocity (Key ON = 01H–7FH, Key OFF = 00H)
Data format: [8nH] -> [kk] -> [vv] (reception only)
8nH = Note OFF event (n = channel number)
kk =
Note number: 00H–7FH = C-2–G8)
vv =
Velocity
2. CONTROL CHANGE
Data format: [BnH] -> [cc] -> [vv]
BnH = Control change (n = channel number)
cc =
Control number
vv =
Data Range
(1) Bank Select
ccH
Parameter
00H
Bank Select MSB
20H
Bank Select LSB
Bank selection processing does not occur until receipt of
next Program Change message.
(2) Main Volume
ccH
Parameter
07H
Volume MSB
(3) Expression (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
0BH
Expression MSB
(4) Sustain
ccH
Parameter
40H
Sustain MSB
(5) Sostenuto (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
42H
Sostenuto
(6) Soft Pedal (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
43H
Soft Pedal
(7) Effect1 Depth (Reverb Send Level)
ccH
Parameter
5BH
Effect1 Depth
Adjusts the reverb send level.
(8) Effect4 Depth (Variation Effect Send Level)
ccH
Parameter
5EH
Effect4 Depth
(9) RPN
65H
RPN
64H
RPN
06H
Data Entry
26H
Data Entry
60H
Data
61H
Data
* Parameters that are controllable with RPN:
• Coarse Tune
• Fine Tune
• Pitch Bend Range
40
Data Range (vvH)
00H:Normal
00H...7FH
Data Range (vvH)
00H...7FH
Data Range (vvH)
00H...7FH
Data Range (vvH)
00H...7FH
Data Range (vvH)
00H...3FH:off, 40H...7FH:on
Data Range (vvH)
00H...3FH:off, 40H...7FH:on
Data Range (vvH)
00H...7FH
Data Range (vvH)
00H...7FH
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
Increment
Decrement
3. MODE MESSAGES
Data format: [BnH] -> [cc] -> [vv]
BnH = Control event (n = channel number)
cc =
Control number
vv =
Data Range
(1) All Sound Off
ccH
Parameter
78H
All Sound Off
(2) Reset All Controllers
ccH
Parameter
79H
Reset All Controllers
Resets controllers as follows.
Controller
Expression
Sustain Pedal
Sostenuto
Soft Pedal
(3) Local Control (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
7AH
Local Control
(4) All Notes Off
ccH
Parameter
7BH
All Notes Off
Switches OFF all the notes that are currently ON on the spec-
ified channel. Any notes being held by the sustain or soste-
nuto pedal will continue to sound until the pedal is released.
(5) Omni Off (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
7CH
Omni Off
Same processing as for All Notes Off.
(6) Omni On (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
7DH
Omni On
Same processing as for All Notes Off.
(7) Mono (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
7EH
Mono
Same processing as for All Sound Off.
(8) Poly (reception only)
ccH
Parameter
7FH
Poly
Same processing as for All Sound Off.
• When Control Change is turned OFF, Control Change mes-
sages will not be transmitted or received.
• Local on/off, OMNI on/off are not transmitted. (The appropri-
ate note off number is supplied with "All Note Off" transmis-
sion).
• When a voice bank MSB/LSB is received, the number is
stored in the internal buffer regardless of the received order,
then the stored value is used to select the appropriate voice
when a program change message is received.
• Poly mode is always active. This mode will not change when
the instrument receives a MONO/POLY mode message.
Data Range (vvH)
00H
Data Range (vvH)
00H
Value
127 (max)
0 (off)
0 (off)
0 (off)
Data Range (vvH)
00H (off), 7FH (on)
Data Range (vvH)
00H
Data Range (vvH)
00H
Data Range (vvH)
00H
Data Range (vvH)
00H
Data Range (vvH)
00H

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