NMEA 0183 interface capabilities NMEA 2000 interface capabilities ® Additional capabilities with NMEA 2000 compatible Garmin chartplotters and Garmin autopilot system Hard-wired speaker and microphone Relocatable speaker and microphone Supports one GHS 10 or one GHS 10i full-function, wired microphone...
Introduction ATIS support Private channel customization (pre-set by your Garmin dealer) ® Multilingual user interface: English, French, Italian, German, and Spanish Manual Conventions In this manual, when you are instructed to select an item using the channel knob to highlight the item, and the press the Small arrows (>) in the text indicate that you should use the...
Introduction ...i Manual Conventions ... Getting Started ...1 Transceiver Front Panel ... Microphone and GHS 10 Series Handsets ... Transceiver and Handset Display ... Tips ... Basic Operation ...5 Turning the Radio On and Off ... Adjusting the Radio Volume ... Adjusting the Volume on a GHS 10 or a GHS 10i ...
Transceiver Front Panel DISTRESS HI/LO DISTRESS—press to start a DSC distress call if you have programmed your radio with an MMSI number. Squelch—rotate to adjust the squelch level. Volume—rotate to adjust the volume. PWR or 16/9—press and hold this key to turn the radio on and off. When the radio is on, press and release this key to toggle the radio between Channel 16, your second-priority channel, and your original channel.
Getting Started Microphone and GHS 10 Series Handsets With the exception of adjusting the volume and the squelch, the handset works the same as the radio. Up arrow 16+ or 16/9 PTT (Push-to-talk)—press to exit the current menu and return to the Home screen to begin broadcasting.
Transceiver and Handset Display The Home screen is the most-viewed screen in the system. It displays all of your current information, such as the current channel, the frequency band, and the channel name. System-status icons DISTRESS Channel WATCH Channel—current working channel. Frequency band—current frequency band: International, Canadian, or USA.
Getting Started Tips Keep the following tips in mind when using your radio or handset: • Press and release the screen. CLEAR • Press the key to view the previous screen. • Select to save your changes and return to the Home screen. •...
Turning the Radio On and Off IMPORTANT: To use the DSC capabilities of your radio, you must first enter an MMSI number. See page 15 for more information. To turn on the radio, press and hold the Safety Identity (MMSI) number, you must press the screen.
Basic Operation Transmitting with the Radio or the Handset 1. Select the appropriate channel. 2. Check to ensure that the channel is clear before transmitting. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and international regulations require that you not obstruct the communications of others. 3.
Saving Channels You can save any channel other than the WX (weather) channels to the transceiver memory. You can scan your saved channels separately from scanning all of the channels that radio receives. There is no limit to the number of channels you can save. To save a channel: 1.
Basic Operation Monitoring Three Channels (Tri Watch) Tri watch allows you to cycle between monitoring the current channel you have selected, Channel 16, and your second-priority channel. 1. Select WATCH. 2. Select TRI. “TRI WATCH”, the currently selected channel, Channel 16, and your second- priority channel are displayed on the screen—for example, “TRI WATCH CH: 75 + 16 + 9”.
When two signals are broadcast on the same frequency, a VHF radio only receives the stronger of the two signals. Other than distress calls, transmit using the lowest power setting that allows you to communicate. This reduces the possibility of your transmissions interfering with the transmissions of disinterested parties.
Basic Operation 4. Release the key and listen for a response. 5. When you and the other party have finished talking, select screen. Receiving an Intercom Call 1. The screen indicates which station is calling. Press and release the the call. 2.
Similar to the hailer, when you are manually operating the foghorn, sounds received through the horn can be heard through the radio speaker between soundings. Automatically Sounding the Foghorn 1. Select > FOG. 2. Select AUTO from the list. 3. Select an item from the following options. The radio alternates between sounding the pattern of tones or rings and receiving radio traffic.
Basic Operation 4. Select ACCEPT to save your changes and return to the Home screen. Select to disregard the changes and return to the previous screen. Listening to NOAA Weather Broadcasts and Enabling Weather Alerts There are 10 WX (weather) channels that are pre-programmed into your radio to monitor weather broadcasts from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Organization (NOAA).
ATIS is a vessel identification system that can be used on certain inland waterways in certain countries throughout Europe. Your Garmin dealer can program your VHF 100i, VHF 200i, or GHS 10i to use ATIS if you plan to use your radio on waterways that are within the bounds of the Regional Arrangement Concerning the Radiotelephone Service on Inland Waterways (the Basel Agreement).
Basic Operation Viewing Your ATIS ID Number 1. Press the MENU key. 2. Select ATIS > MY ATIS 3. Select to return to the previous screen, or press the screen. Turning ATIS Functionality On and Off 1. Press the MENU key.
Digital Selective Calling (DSC) DSC is a key component of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS). DSC provides VHF radios with the ability to place and receive digital calls directly with other vessels and shore stations, including the USA and Canadian Coast Guards. Your radio includes full Class D DSC capabilities.
IMPORTANT: Use caution when entering your MMSI number, because you can only enter it once. If you need to change your MMSI number after entering it, you must take the radio your Garmin dealer for reprogramming. To enter your MMSI number: 1.
2. The radio automatically sounds an alarm, switches to Channel 70, and transmits your call on HI (25 W) power. You can press any key to turn off the alarm sound. 3. After transmitting your distress call, the radio automatically tunes to Channel 16 on HI (25 W) power.
Digital Selective Calling Receiving a distress call acknowledgement: 1. When the radio receives a distress call acknowledgment, the radio beeps and the screen displays “DISTRESS ACK”. Press any key to turn off the beeping. 2. Select to view additional information. If the MMSI of the station transmitting the ACK signal is an entry in your directory, the name associated with the MMSI number is indicated on the screen.
• RECENT CALLS—a screen is displayed that allows you to select from your recent calls. Select an entry. 4. After you have selected the vessel or entered the MMSI number manually, select the channel on which you want to communicate. The radio transmits this request with your call.
Position data received from stations that respond to position request calls is sent over the NMEA network, so that you can track the vessels on your Garmin chartplotter, for example. For more information on NMEA 0183 and NMEA 2000, see 1.
Receiving Calls Receiving Distress Calls and Distress Relay Calls The radio sends data relative to the call over the NMEA network based on how you have MMSI filtering configured. See 1. When receiving a distress call or a distress relay call, the screen displays the “DISTRESS”...
Digital Selective Calling Receiving Position Request Calls You can configure your radio reply automatically to incoming position requests, to prompt you to review and approve the incoming requests before replying, or to ignore incoming requests (see page 28 for more information). If you enable automatic position replies, the screen displays “SENDING POSITION CALLING”...
Position data received from stations that respond to position-request calls is sent over the NMEA network, so that you can track the vessels using your Garmin chartplotter. For more information on NMEA 0183 and NMEA 2000, see Selecting the Vessels and Activating the Call 1.
Digital Selective Calling Call Type Call Log Distress ACK Distress Position send Position Position request Position Group Other All Ships Other Individual Other If you have entered the calling station in your directory, the name of the station is displayed in the list of calls.
Placing a Call from a Call Log All calls placed from the call log are individual routine calls. 1. Press the key. 2. Select CALL LOG > DISTRESS 3. Select the MMSI number or the station name. 4. Select CALL. The screen indicates individual routine as the call type. 5.
Digital Selective Calling Using the Directory Viewing the Directory 1. Press the key. 2. Select DIRECTORY. 3. Select a station name in your directory. 4. Press the CLEAR key to return to the previous screen. Press the the Home screen. Adding an Individual Entry to the Directory 1.
4. Enter a name. 5. Select ACCEPT to save your changes. Select without saving the changes. Press the Editing a Group 1. Press the key. 2. Select GROUP > EDIT ENTRY. 3. Change the characters in the MMSI field or the Name field. 4.
Digital Selective Calling Configuring the Automatic Channel Change Setting This setting determines whether the radio automatically tunes to Channel 16 when receiving the following types of calls: • Distress • Distress relay • All-ships urgency Under certain conditions, you may want to disable automatic channel changing, such as when you need to continually monitor a channel to maintain uninterrupted communication with another vessel.
Additional Functionality with Other Garmin Devices Your VHF 100/200 series radio has additional capabilities when connected with other Garmin devices. NOTE: Your Garmin chartplotter may require a free software upgrade to use the functionality listed in this section. • When you connect your radio to a Garmin chartplotter using NMEA 0183 or NMEA 2000, your chartplotter can keep track of the current and previous positions of the contacts in the radio directory.
Advanced Operation Selecting NMEA 0183 or NMEA 2000 Because only the VHF 200, VHF 200i, GHS 10, and GHS 10i are NMEA 2000-compatible, this setting is only available on those units. This setting indicates whether you are connected to a NMEA 0183 or NMEA 2000 network. The radio can only communicate over one network type at a time.
3. Turn the Channel knob to adjust the backlight or contrast. “MAX” represents the maximum setting, and the number 1 represents the minimum setting. 4. Select CANCEL to disregard your changes and return to the previous screen. Select to save your changes and return to the Home screen. Modifying the Beeper Setting You can change the volume of the beeper tone that sounds when you press keys or the Channel...
Advanced Operation 3. Select from the following options: • AUTO—COG/SOG information is displayed on the Home screen. • HIDE—COG/SOG information is not displayed on the Home screen. Configuring Whether the Time is Displayed on the Home Screen You can configure whether the time is displayed on the Home screen. The radio updates the time only if you connect a GPS device to the radio.
Modifying the Speed Unit of Measurement You can adjust the unit of measure that is displayed for the speed calculation throughout the radio. The Speed Over Ground (SOG) on the Home screen will be displayed in the measurement you select here. 1.
Advanced Operation 2. Select LANGUAGE. 3. Select the system language. Changing the Channel Names Channel names are displayed on the Home screen using nine characters. If the name is longer than nine characters, the full name scrolls across the top of the screen and then switches to the short name.
Alarms and Messages The radio may generate the following alarms or system messages. Battery Alarm If the radio detects a voltage greater than 15.8 Vdc or less than 10 Vdc, “HIGH VOLTAGE” or “LOW VOLTAGE” is displayed on the screen. Check the wiring if any of these conditions occur.
Appendix • Select to enter a new position. See entering position data. Position Tracking After five consecutive failed attempts to request position information from a vessel, “NO POS FOR [VESSEL NAME]” is displayed on the screen. • Select RETRY to reattempt the position request. •...
Appendix Channel Transmission Receiving Number 156.375 156.375 156.425 156.425 156.475 156.475 156.475 156.475 156.575 156.575 156.575 156.575 156.625 156.625 156.675 156.675 156.675 156.675 156.725 156.725 156.875 156.875 156.925 156.925 156.975 156.975 157.025 157.025 157.075 157.075 Area of User Operation All areas Intership, Ship/Shore, Commercial, Non- commercial, and Safety: May also be used except EC...
Current Drain: Standby: 350 mA Receive: 600 mA Transmit: 6.0 A at HI power (25 W); 2.0 A at LO power (1 W) Maximum Antenna Gain: 9 dBi Antenna Port Impedance: 50 Ω Audio Output Power: Internal Speaker: 1 W (with 4 Ω at 10% distortion) Optional External Speaker (VHF 200/200i only): 4 W (4 Ω/Max) VHF 200/200i Auxiliary Components: Hailer Output Power: 20 W at 4 Ω...
Appendix Audio Distortion: less than 10% Squelch Sensitivity @ 12dB SINAD: At Tight: less than 1 µV At Threshold: less 0.28 µV Spurious Response: more than 70 dB Adjacent Channel Selectivity: more than 70 dB Adjacent Channel Rejection: more than 70 dB Intermodulation Rejection Ratio: more than 70 dB Residual Noise Level: more than 0 dB unsquelched NMEA...
Contact Garmin Contact Garmin Product Support if you have any questions while using your VHF 100/200 series radio. In the USA, go to www.garmin.com/support, or contact Garmin USA by phone at (913) 397.8200 or (800) 800.1020.
Index Index Symbols 16/9 mode 1 W power transmission 25 W power transmission alarms battery GPS data invalid GPS data WX (weather alert) ATIS disabled functions with disabling enabling entering identification number viewing identification number autopilot capabilities auto power-on backlight level beeper volume bypassing 1 W transmission power call logs...
Index position information entering manually position replies automatic setting position tracking 22–23 activating calls removing vessels from list selecting vessels power auto power-on battery alarm radio controls display features i–ii front panel testing receiving calls all-ships safety calls all-ships urgency distress distress relay group...