Whirlpool Gas Water Heater High Efficiency Atmospheric Vent Installation Instructions And Use & Care Manual

Gas water heater high efficiency atmospheric vent


WARNING: If the information in these
instructions is not followed exactly, a fire
or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
Do not try to light any appliance.
Do not touch any electrical switch;
do not use any phone in your
Immediately call your gas supplier
from a neighbor's phone. Follow
the gas supplier's instructions.
If you cannot reach your gas
supplier, call the fire department.
Installation and service must be performed
by a qualified installer, service agency or
the gas supplier.
Gas Water Heater
High Efficiency
Atmospheric Vent
Instructions and
Use & Care Guide
To obtain technical, warranty, or service assistance during or after
the installation of this water heater, visit our website at:
When calling for assistance, please have the following
information ready:
Model number
7 digit product number
Serial number
Date of installation
Place of purchase
Table of Contents ......................................................
or call toll free
W10286887 316934-003
July 2011


Table of Contents

Summary of Contents for Whirlpool Gas Water Heater High Efficiency Atmospheric Vent

  • Page 1 Gas Water Heater High Efficiency Atmospheric Vent Installation WARNING: If the information in these instructions is not followed exactly, a fire Instructions and or explosion may result causing property damage, personal injury or death. Use & Care Guide Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    WATER HEATER SAFETY Your safety and the safety of others are very important. We have provided many important safety messages in this manual and on your appliance. Always read and obey all safety messages. This is the safety alert symbol. This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can kill or hurt you and others.
  • Page 3: Water Heater Safety

    INSTALLING YOUR GAS WATER HEATER Important Information About If you lack the necessary skills required to properly install this water heater, or you have difficulty following the This Water Heater instructions, you should not proceed but have a qualified person perform the installation of this water heater. This gas water heater was manufactured to voluntary Massachusetts code requires this water heater to be safety standards to reduce the likelihood of a flammable...
  • Page 4: Location Requirements

    Do not use or store flammable products such as gasoline, WARNING solvents, or adhesives in the same room or area near the water heater. If such flammables must be used, all gas burning appliances in the vicinity must be shut off and their pilot lights extinguished.
  • Page 5: Clearances And Accessibility

    IMPORTANT: The water heater should be located Figure 2 in an area where leakage of the tank or connections Air-moving Devices will not result in damage to the area adjacent to the water heater or to lower floors of the structure. Due to the normal corrosive action of the water, the tank will eventually leak after an extended period of time.
  • Page 6: Gas Supply

    Gas Supply Figure 3 Gas Piping WARNING Manual Gas Shut-off Valve Discharge Pipe Ground (Do Not Cap Joint or Plug) Union Check with local utility 6” Maximum for minimum height Air Gap 3” minimum Explosion Hazard Use a new CSA approved gas supply line. Drip leg Floor Drain Gas Pressure...
  • Page 7: Combustion Air Supply And Ventilation

    Combustion Air Supply and • beauty shops • photo processing labs Ventilation • buildings with indoor pools • water heaters installed in laundry, hobby, or craft WARNING rooms • water heaters installed near chemical storage areas Carbon Monoxide Warning Combustion air must be free of acid-forming chemicals Follow all the local and state codes or, in such as sulfur, fluorine, and chlorine.
  • Page 8: Unconfined Space

    Unconfined Space Figure 4 12” maximum Opening Locations- A water heater in an unconfined space uses indoor air for Confined Spaces combustion and requires at least 50 cubic feet for each 1,000 BTUH of the total input for all gas appliances. The table below shows a few examples of the minimum square Closet footage (area) required for various BTUH inputs.
  • Page 9: All Air From Outdoors

    All Air from Outdoors Gable vent Gable vent to outdoors to outdoors Outdoor fresh air can be provided to a confined area either Install above Install above directly or by the use of vertical and horizontal ducts. The insulation insulation fresh air can be taken from the outdoors or from crawl or attic spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors.
  • Page 10: Vent Pipe Size

    Insert the legs and secure the draft hood to the water heater’s top with the four screws provided as shown in Figure 9. Do not alter the draft hood in any way. If you are replacing an existing water heater, be sure to use the draft Alternative hood supplied with this water heater.
  • Page 11: Chimney Connection

    Chimney Connection Listed Lined Chimney IMPORTANT: Before connecting a vent to a chimney, make sure the chimney passageway is clear and free of 2 ft. minimum above any obstructions. The chimney must be cleaned if previously object within10 ft. used for venting solid fuel appliances or fireplaces. Also horizontally 3 ft.
  • Page 12: Water System Piping

    Water System Piping After piping has been properly connected to the water heater, remove the aerator at the nearest hot water Piping Installation faucet. Open the hot water faucet and allow the tank to completely fill with water. To purge the lines of any ex- Piping, fittings, and valves should be installed according to cess air, keep the hot water faucet open for 3 minutes the installation drawing (Figure 13).
  • Page 13 Closed System/Thermal Expansion Please note the following: • The system should be installed only with piping that is WARNING suitable for potable (drinkable) water such as copper, CPVC, or polybutylene. This water heater must not be installed using iron piping or PVC water piping. •...
  • Page 14: Relief Valve

    Temperature and Pressure IMPORTANT: Only a new temperature and pressure relief valve should be used with your water heater. Do not use an Relief Valve old or existing valve as it may be damaged or not adequate for the working pressure of the new water heater. Do not WARNING place any valve between the relief valve and the tank.
  • Page 15 5. Locate the slit running the length of a section of pipe Some jurisdictions may require a backflow preventer insulation. in the incoming cold water line. This may cause the temperature and pressure relief valve on the water heater 6. Spread the slit open and slip the insulation over the cold to discharge or weep due to expansion of the heated water.
  • Page 16: Electrical Connections

    Electrical Connections WARNING Before plugging in the water heater, always make sure: Electric Shock Hazard • The Voltage and frequency correspond to that specified on the water heater. Disconnect power before • The electrical outlet has the proper overload fuse or servicing.
  • Page 17: Installation Checklist

    Important Information About This Water Heater This gas water heater was manufactured to voluntary safety standards to reduce the likelihood of a flammable vapor ignition incident. The new technology used in meeting these standards makes this product more sensitive to installation errors.
  • Page 18: Operating Your Water Heater

    OPERATING YOUR WATER HEATER Operating Instructions WARNING Read and understand these directions thoroughly before Explosion Hazard attempting to operate the water heater. Make sure the view port is not missing or damaged (See Figure 25). Make sure Replace viewport if glass is the tank is completely filled with water before operating the water heater.
  • Page 19: Checking The Draft

    Checking The Draft Water Heater Operation Figure 17 below shows the water heater’s sequence of WARNING operation when a call for heat is initiated. The ignition control module will attempt to light the burner three times. If the ignition control does not detect ignition it will enter Burn Hazard lockout mode, indicated by display flashing status code (see status code 3 page 28 and/or status code 9 page 29).
  • Page 20: Burner Flames

    Burner Flames or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain temperature water at the hot water tap, then you must Inspect the burner flames through the viewport and take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest compare them to the drawings in Figure 19.
  • Page 21: Operational Conditions

    B. To increase the temperature press and release the An undersized water heater will cause more condensation. “ ” button until the desired setting is reached. HOTTER The water heater must be sized properly to meet the family’s demands for hot water including dishwashers, NOTE: Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail washing machines and shower heads.
  • Page 22 Powered Anode Operation Draining and Flushing To protect the glass-lined water tank from corrosion It is recommended that the tank be drained and flushed through electrolysis, this water heater is equipped with a every 6 months to remove sediment which may build up non sacrificial powered anode rod.
  • Page 23: Maintenance Of Your Water Heater

    Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve WARNING Manually operate the temperature and pressure relief valve at least once a year to make sure it is working properly. To prevent water damage, the valve must be pro- perly connected to a discharge line which terminates at an adequate drain.
  • Page 24: Cleaning The Combustion Chamber And Air Diverter Assembly

    Replacing the Flame Sense/Hot igniter Cleaning the Combustion Chamber Assembly and Air Diverter Assembly 1. Remove the manifold/burner assembly. See Removing 1. Follow procedure outlined in “Removing the Manifold/ the Manifold/Burner Assembly. Burner Assembly”. 2. Lift the retainer clip straight up from the back of 2.
  • Page 25 3. Insert the manifold/burner assembly into the burner 2. Unplug the electrical transformer from the wall outlet. compartment making sure that the tip of the manifold 3. Turn off the gas supply to the water heater at the tube engages in the slot of the bracket inside the manual gas shut-off valve.
  • Page 26: Troubleshooting Charts

    Pressurized Combustion Chamber System Operational Checklist Manifold gasket properly sealed. No leaks at manifold connection. Manifold door screws securely tightened. Viewport not damaged or cracked. Combustion chamber free of debris and undamaged. Manifold component block properly installed. TROUBLESHOOTING CHART PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSE(S) CORRECTIVE ACTION 1.
  • Page 27 continued: PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSE(S) CORRECTIVE ACTION 1. Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply 1. Tighten threaded connections. connections, relief valve, drain valve or thermostat threads. WATER LEAKS 2. Leakage from other appliances or 2. Inspect other appliances near water heater. water lines.
  • Page 28 ELECTRONIC CONTROL DISPLAY TROUBLESHOOTING ELECTRONIC CONTROL DISPLAY Please check guidelines below. For your safety, water heater service should be performed only by a qualified service person. GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION Read the supplied by the water heater manufacturer. CONTROL DISPLAY STATUS PROBLEM SOLUTION 1.
  • Page 29 CONTROL DISPLAY STATUS PROBLEM SOLUTION 1. Clean the screen on the combustion air “P-SW”, “OPEN”, and “CLEAN SCREEN” Flashing The air pressure switch contacts intake chamber. Turn the power “OFF” for 10 to 20 seconds then “ON” again to clear remain open longer than 11 the error code.
  • Page 30 CONTROL DISPLAY STATUS PROBLEM SOLUTION 4. System must be manually reset by entering a “FV-SENSE” Flashing special FVS reset sequence into the Electronic (Continued from previous page) Control Display. Contact a service agency to determine the cause and instructions on the reset sequence.
  • Page 32: Repair Parts Illustration

    REPAIR PARTS ILLUSTRATION FOR ALL 40 GAL. UNITS When ordering repair parts always give the REDUCER FLUE MUST BE INSTALLED ABOVE following information: ELEVATION 5,400 ft. (1,646 m) FROM SEA LEVEL. Model, serial, and product number Type of gas Item number Parts description Repair Parts List Item...
  • Page 33: Listed Parts Kits And Illustrations

    Listed Parts Kits and Illustrations Item 12: Burner (Natural Gas) Item 13: Flame Sense/Hot Surface Igniter Assembly. Item 14: Manifold door assembly which contains the manifold tube, gasket, manifold door, two piece wire connector with retainer clip, and flame sense/hot surface igniter assembly. (Natural Gas) Item 15: Contains manifold component block with retainer clip.
  • Page 34 NOTES...
  • Page 35 NOTES...
  • Page 36 ® Registered trademark/TM trademark of Whirlpool, U.S.A. © 2011 Whirlpool Corporation. All rights reserved. Manufactured under license by American Water Heater Company, Tennessee. Warranty provided by manufacturer.

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