Yamaha has met these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the recommended maintenance schedules and operating instructions contained within this manual.
This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain with it even if the motorcycle is subsequently sold. Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle and this manual.
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION AND UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES. REGULAR INSPECTIONS AND CAREFUL MAINTENANCE, ALONG WITH GOOD RIDING SKILLS, WILL ENSURE THAT YOU SAFELY ENJOY THE CAPABILITIES AND THE RELIABILITY OF THIS MOTORCYCLE. *Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.
TABLE OF CONTENTS SAFETY INFORMATION ....1-1 Opening and closing the Canister (for California only) ..6-11 Location of important labels ...1-5 cowlings ........3-21 Engine oil and oil filter cartridge ... 6-11 Rear view mirrors ......3-22 Final gear oil ......... 6-14 DESCRIPTION ........2-1 Adjusting the front fork ....
TABLE OF CONTENTS Lubricating the swingarm pivots ...6-26 YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, Lubricating the rear suspension ...6-27 U.S.A. STREET AND ENDURO Checking the front fork ....6-27 MOTORCYCLE LIMITED Checking the steering ....6-28 WARRANTY ....... 9-7 Checking the wheel bearings ..6-28 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE Battery ..........6-29...
SAFETY INFORMATION EAU10281 AND/OR WHEN MADE NECES- • Ride where other motorists can SARY BY MECHANICAL CONDI- see you. Avoid riding in another MOTORCYCLES SINGLE TIONS. motorist’s blind spot. TRACK VEHICLES. THEIR SAFE USE Many accidents involve inexperi- AND OPERATION ARE DEPENDENT Safe riding enced operators.
Modifications made to this motorcycle other motorists can see you. the single most critical factor in the pre- not approved by Yamaha, or the re- The posture of the operator and vention or reduction of head injuries. moval of original equipment, may ren- passenger is important for proper Always wear an approved helmet.
Maximum load: been specifically designed for use on create instability due to improper 207 kg (456 lb) (CAL) this motorcycle. Since Yamaha cannot weight distribution or aerody- 208 kg (459 lb) (U49) test all other accessories that may be namic changes. If accessories...
SAFETY INFORMATION tor and may limit control ability, Always turn the engine off before or clothing, immediately wash the therefore, such accessories are leaving the motorcycle unattended affected area with soap and water not recommended. and remove the key from the main and change your clothes.
Main switch/steering lock This is not an automatic transmission, This vehicle features the YCC-S only the clutch system is automatic. (Yamaha Chip Controlled-Shift) sys- The gears must be shifted by the rider. tem. The basic function of this system allows the rider to shift gears without the use of a clutch lever.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU10660 To unlock the steering EAU11003 Indicator and warning lights All electrical systems are off. The key can be removed. EAU10690 LOCK The steering is locked, and all electrical systems are off. The key can be re- moved.
Stop the vehicle when it is safe to do so, Even if the oil level is sufficient, the have a Yamaha dealer check the self- and park it away from traffic. Have a warning light may flicker when riding on diagnosis system.
ABS warning light “ ” If this warning light comes on or flashes while riding, the ABS may be defective. If this occurs, have a Yamaha dealer check the system as soon as possible. (See page 3-14.) EWA10081 WARNING...
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU11601 EAU11872 EAU40850 Speedometer Tachometer Multi-function display 1. Tachometer 1. Tachometer 1. Multi-function display 2. Speedometer 2. Tachometer red zone 2. “SELECT” button 3. Multi-function display 3. “RESET” button The electric tachometer allows the rider The speedometer shows the riding EWA14430 to monitor the engine speed and keep it WARNING...
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS a fuel reserve tripmeter (which Odometer and tripmeter modes distance traveled from that point. In that shows the distance traveled on the case, pushing the “SELECT” button fuel reserve) switches the display between the vari- a clock ous tripmeter and odometer modes in a fuel meter the following order:...
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS Clock Fuel meter will start flashing. If this occurs, have a Yamaha dealer check the electrical cir- cuit. Coolant temperature meter 1. Clock 1. Fuel meter 2. “SELECT” button The fuel meter indicates the amount of 3.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS ECA10020 Ambient temperature, instanta- Ambient temperature mode CAUTION: neous fuel consumption and aver- age fuel consumption modes Do not operate the engine if it is overheated. Transmission gear display 1. Ambient temperature This display shows the ambient tem- 1.
1 km (0.6 mi). Instantaneous fuel consumption mode ECA15472 CAUTION: If there is a malfunction, “– –.–” will be displayed. Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle. 1. Average fuel consumption Self-diagnosis device This display shows the average fuel consumption since it was last reset.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS If the multi-function display indicates EAU12345 Right Handlebar switches such an error code, note the code num- ber, and then have a Yamaha dealer Left check the vehicle. ECA11790 CAUTION: If the multi-function display indi- cates an error code, the vehicle...
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU12493 EAU12660 ECA10061 Windshield position adjusting Engine stop switch “ ” CAUTION: switch “ ” Set this switch to “ ” before starting Do not use the hazard lights for an To move the windshield up, push this the engine.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU40492 NOTE: Shift pedal The shift pedal can be used to shift gears whether the hand shift lever is enabled or not. When the main switch is turned to “OFF”, the hand shifting mode will automatically be disabled. Press and release this switch after start- ing the engine to enable hand 1.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU40481 EAU26822 EAU39540 Hand shift lever “ ”/“ ” Brake lever Brake pedal The brake lever is located at the right handlebar grip. To apply the front brake, pull the lever toward the handle- bar grip. 1.
This ABS has a test mode which EAU13070 Fuel tank cap allows the owner to experience the The Yamaha ABS (Anti-lock Brake pulsating at the brake lever or System) features a dual electronic con- brake pedal when the ABS is oper- trol system, which acts on the front and ating.
10%. Gasohol ECA10700 CAUTION: containing methanol is not recom- mended by Yamaha because it can The following precautions must be cause damage to the fuel system or ve- observed to prevent a fire hazard or hicle performance problems.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 2. Install the passenger seat. NOTE: Make sure that the seats are prop- erly secured before riding. The rider seat height can be ad- justed to change the riding posi- tion. (See page 3-18.) 1. Projection 1.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU39632 Adjusting the rider seat height The rider seat height can be adjusted to one of two positions to suit the rider’s preference. The rider seat height was adjusted to the lower position at delivery. 1. Rider seat height position adjuster 1.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS 6. Align the projection on the bottom 6. Align the projection on the bottom of the rider seat with the “H” posi- of the rider seat with the “L” posi- tion slot, and then push the rear of tion slot, and then push the rear of the seat down to lock it in place as the seat down to lock it in place as...
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU14461 EAU39480 ECA11800 Storage compartment Accessory box CAUTION: The accessory box is located beside Do not place heat-sensitive items in the meter panel. the accessory box. The accessory box gets extremely hot especially To open the accessory box when the engine is running or is hot.
The headlight adjusting knobs are used The cowlings can be tilted back 30 mm erence. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust to raise or lower the height of the head- (1.18 in) for added ventilation to suit the the position of the handlebars.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU39671 Rear view mirrors The rear view mirrors of this vehicle can be folded forward or backward for park- ing in narrow spaces. Fold the mirrors back to their original position before riding. 1. Quick fastener screw 1.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU14731 load thereby soften Rebound damping force Adjusting the front fork suspension, turn the adjusting bolt on This front fork is equipped with spring each fork leg in direction (b). preload adjusting bolts, rebound damp- NOTE: ing force adjusting knobs and compres- Align the appropriate groove on the ad- sion damping force adjusting screws.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS Compression damping force ECA10100 EAU14911 Adjusting the shock absorber CAUTION: assembly Never attempt to turn an adjusting This shock absorber assembly is mechanism beyond the maximum or equipped with a spring preload adjust- minimum settings. ing lever and a rebound damping force adjusting knob.
Standard: spring preload adjusting lever in direc- formance. 12 click(s) in direction (b)* tion (a). Always have a Yamaha dealer Maximum (hard): service the shock absorber. 3 click(s) in direction (b)* Rebound damping force * With the adjusting knob fully turned...
WARNING in a possible loss of control. 5. “HI” position Do not turn the grip warmer knob Yamaha’s ignition circuit cut-off The grip warmer adjusting knob can be while the vehicle is moving. system has been designed to assist set between the “LO” and “HI” posi- the operator in fulfilling the respon- tions.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS below and have a Yamaha dealer re- EAU40521 Ignition circuit cut-off system pair it if it does not function proper- The ignition circuit cut-off system (com- prising the sidestand switch and brake light switches) has the following func- tions.
The vehicle should not be ridden until With the engine still running: checked by a Yamaha dealer. 7. Move the sidestand up. 8. Keep the front or rear brake applied. 9. Shift the transmission into gear.
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS EAU39651 EWA14360 Auxiliary DC jack WARNING This vehicle is equipped with an auxilia- To prevent electrical shock or short- ry DC jack in the accessory box. circuiting, make sure that the cap is A 12-V accessory connected to the installed when the auxiliary DC jack auxiliary jack can be used when the key is not being used.
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS EAU15591 The condition of a vehicle is the owner’s responsibility. Vital components can start to deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly, even if the vehicle remains unused (for example, as a result of exposure to the elements). Any damage, fluid leakage or loss of tire air pressure could have serious consequences.
• If necessary, add recommended coolant to specified level. 6-15 • Check cooling system for leakage. • Check operation. • If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system. • Check brake pads for wear. Front brake • Replace if necessary.
• Make sure that operation is smooth. • Check cable free play. Throttle grip 6-17, 6-25 • If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust cable free play and lubricate cable and grip housing. • Make sure that operation is smooth. Control cables 6-24 •...
Always apply the front or rear should be on, otherwise have a Before starting out, make sure brake while the main switch is in Yamaha dealer check the electrical cir- that the sidestand is up. If the the “ON” position and the trans- cuit.
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS should be as short as possible to pre- EAU40572 The gears can be shifted using either Shifting serve the battery. Do not crank the en- the shift pedal or the hand shift lever. gine more than 10 seconds on any one The hand shift lever has to be enabled attempt.
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS Always return the throttle to the 5. Shift into second gear and release NOTE: closed position while changing the shift pedal. To avoid damaging the YCC-S clutch, gears to avoid damaging the en- 6. Open the throttle gradually. the display flashes when it is necessary gine, transmission, and drive 7.
Yamaha dealer check the vehi- EAU17121 the main switch is still on, as the cle. clutch automatically disengag- 0–1000 km (0–600 mi)
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS Do not park on a slope or on soft ground, otherwise the vehicle may overturn. ECA10380 CAUTION: Never park in an area where there are fire hazards such as grass or other flammable materials.
TRAINED AND EQUIPPED TO PER- certain maintenance work correctly. FORM THESE PARTICULAR SER- VICES. NOTE: If you do not have the tools or experi- ence required for a particular job, have a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EWA10340 WARNING Modifications approved Yamaha may cause loss of perfor- mance, excessive emissions, and render the vehicle unsafe for use. Consult a Yamaha dealer before at- tempting any changes.
• Check the air cut-off valve, reed Air induction sys- √ √ valve, and hose for damage. • Replace any damaged parts. * Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EAU32183 General maintenance and lubrication chart INITIAL ODOMETER READINGS 600 mi 4000 mi 8000 mi 12000 mi 16000 mi 20000 mi ITEM ROUTINE (1000 km) (7000 km) (13000 km) (19000 km) (25000 km) (31000 km) 1 month 6 months 12 months...
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR INITIAL ODOMETER READINGS 600 mi 4000 mi 8000 mi 12000 mi 16000 mi 20000 mi ITEM ROUTINE (1000 km) (7000 km) (13000 km) (19000 km) (25000 km) (31000 km) 1 month 6 months 12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months...
Front and rear brake √ √ √ √ √ √ 23 * • Check operation. switches • Apply Yamaha chain and cable √ √ √ √ √ √ 24 * Control cables lube or engine oil SAE 10W-30 thoroughly. • Check operation and free play.
• Adjust headlight beam. * Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service. NOTE: From 24000 mi (37000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 8000 mi (13000 km) or 12 months.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EAU18771 Removing and installing pan- The panels shown need to be removed to perform some of the maintenance jobs described in this chapter. Refer to this section each time a panel needs to be removed and installed. 1.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EAU39601 Panel C To remove the panel 1. Remove the seats. (See page 3-16.) 2. Remove the bolt and the quick fas- tener screws, and then take the panel off. 1. Panel B 2. Install the seats. 2.
Do not attempt to diagnose 0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in) such problems yourself. Instead, have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle. Clean the surface of the spark plug If a spark plug shows signs of electrode gasket and its mating surface, and then...
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EAU19681 EAU19881 Canister (for California only) Engine oil and oil filter car- NOTE: The engine oil should be between the tridge minimum and maximum level marks. The engine oil level should be checked before each ride. In addition, the oil must be changed and the oil filter car- tridge replaced at the intervals speci- fied in the periodic maintenance and...
NOTE: Make sure that the O-ring is properly An oil filter wrench is available at a seated. Yamaha dealer. 1. Engine oil filler cap 6. Install the new oil filter cartridge, 2. Oil filter cartridge 5. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to and then tighten it to the specified 3.
7. Install the engine oil drain bolt, and lubricates the clutch), do not engine off and have a Yamaha dealer then tighten it to the specified mix any chemical additives. Do check the vehicle.
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf) for oil leakage before each ride. If any NOTE: leakage is found, have a Yamaha deal- To change the final gear oil The oil level should be at the brim of the er check and repair the vehicle. In addi- 1.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EAU20070 Tightening torque: Coolant NOTE: Final gear oil filler bolt: The coolant should be between the The coolant level should be checked 23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf) minimum and maximum level marks. before each ride. In addition, the cool- ant must be changed at the intervals 6.
Never attempt to remove the radiator If water has been added to the cap when the engine is hot. coolant, have a Yamaha dealer The coolant must be changed at the in- check the antifreeze content of tervals specified in the periodic mainte- the coolant as soon as possible, nance and lubrication chart.
Have a Yamaha dealer from occurring, the valve clearance clean and replace the air filter element. must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. 1. Throttle cable free play The throttle cable free play should mea- sure 3.0–5.0 mm (0.12–0.20 in) at the...
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EAU21750 est items close to the center of the Tire air pressure (measured on cold Tires vehicle, and distribute the weight tires): To maximize the performance, durabil- evenly from side to side. Properly 0–90 kg (0–198 lb): ity, and safe operation of your motor- Front: adjust the suspension for your load,...
Yamaha dealer immediately and high-speed ride. have the tire replaced. Minimum tire tread depth (front and rear): 1.0 mm (0.04 in)
Always adjust the tire air pres- 180/55 ZR17M/C (73W) fore each ride. If any damage is Manufacturer/model: sure according to the operating found, have a Yamaha dealer re- METZELER/Roadtec Z6C conditions. BRIDGESTONE/BT020R place the wheel. Do not attempt FRONT and REAR:...
EAU36500 EAU22390 indicator groove has almost disap- Adjusting the rear brake light Checking the front and rear peared, have a Yamaha dealer replace switch brake pads the brake pads as a set. The rear brake light switch, which is ac-...
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EAU40591 YCC-S clutch The YCC-S clutch fluid reservoir is Checking the brake and located behind panel B. (See page YCC-S clutch fluid levels 6-8.) Front brake Observe these precautions: When checking the fluid level, make sure that the top of the brake and YCC-S clutch fluid reservoirs are level.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR EAU23111 EAU23131 Recommended lubricant: Checking and lubricating the Checking and lubricating the Lithium-soap-based grease (all-pur- throttle grip and cable brake and shift pedals pose grease) The operation of the throttle grip should be checked before each ride. In addi- tion, the cable should be lubricated at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance chart.
Lithium-soap-based grease Recommended lubricant: EWA10740 Lithium-soap-based grease (all-pur- WARNING pose grease) If the centerstand or sidestand does not move up and down smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check or re- pair it. Recommended lubricant: Lithium-soap-based grease (all-pur- pose grease) 6-26...
The pivoting points of the rear suspen- fork does not operate smoothly, damage and excessive oil leakage. sion must be lubricated at the intervals have a Yamaha dealer check or re- specified in the periodic maintenance pair it. To check the operation and lubrication chart.
Batteries produce explosive hy- To charge the battery battery can cause permanent drogen gas. Therefore, keep Have a Yamaha dealer charge the bat- battery damage. sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc., tery as soon as possible if it seems to To charge a sealed-type (MF) away from the battery and pro- have discharged.
If you do not have access to a The main fuse, the fuse boxes and the sealed-type (MF) battery charg- ABS motor fuse are located under pan- er, have a Yamaha dealer el A. (See page 6-8.) charge your battery. 1. Fuse box 2.
Main fuse: If a headlight does not come on, have a Do not use a fuse of a higher amper- 50.0 A Yamaha dealer check its electrical cir- Headlight fuse: age rating than recommended to cuit or replace the bulb.
Replacing a rear turn signal If a front turn signal light does not come light bulb or a tail/brake light on, have a Yamaha dealer check its bulb electrical circuit or replace the bulb. 1. Remove the passenger seat. (See page 3-16.)
The following troubleshooting charts represent quick and easy procedures for checking these vital systems your- self. However, should your motorcycle require any repair, take it to a Yamaha dealer, whose skilled technicians have 1. Screw the necessary tools, experience, and 2.
Remove the spark plugs and check the electrodes. The engine does not start. Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle. Check the battery. 4. Battery The engine turns over The battery is good.
Start the engine. If the engine overheats again, have a The coolant level Yamaha dealer check and repair the cooling system. is OK. NOTE: If coolant is not available, tap water can be temporarily used instead, provided that it is changed to the recommended coolant as soon as possible.
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE EAU26060 ucts onto seals, gaskets and wheel thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust re- Care axles. Always rinse the dirt and de- movers or inhibitors, brake flu- While the open design of a motorcycle greaser off with water. id, antifreeze or electrolyte.
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE After normal use ECA10790 5. Touch up minor paint damage CAUTION: Remove dirt with warm water, a mild caused by stones, etc. detergent, and a soft, clean sponge, 6. Wax all painted surfaces. Do not use warm water since it in- and then rinse thoroughly with clean 7.
Always store your motorcycle in a cool, NOTE: and spark plugs. dry place and, if necessary, protect it Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil against dust with a porous cover. what products to use.
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE 4. Lubricate all control cables and the pivoting points of all levers and pedals as well as of the side- stand/centerstand. 5. Check and, if necessary, correct the tire air pressure, and then lift the motorcycle so that both of its wheels are off the ground.
Record the key identification number, vehicle identification number and mod- el label information in the spaces pro- vided below for assistance when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer or for reference in case the vehi- cle is stolen. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: 1.
The model label is affixed to the frame under the passenger seat. (See page 3-16.) Record the information on this la- bel in the space provided. This informa- tion will be needed when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer.
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.
CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26560 Motorcycle noise regulation TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED: Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new ve- hicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
CONSUMER INFORMATION EAU26632 Maintenance record Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your vehicle will be required to document that maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder that maintenance work is required.
CONSUMER INFORMATION Maintenance Date of Servicing dealer Mileage Remarks interval service name and address 36000 mi (55000 km) or 54 months 40000 mi (61000 km) or 60 months...
This excellent Y.E.S. plan coverage is only available to dealer to see how comforting uninterrupted factory- Yamaha owners like you, and only while your Yamaha is still backed protection can be. within the Yamaha Limited Warranty period. So visit your authorized Yamaha dealer to get all the facts.
Yamaha Limited Warranty expires. A special note: If visiting your dealer isn’t convenient, contact Yamaha with your Primary ID number (your frame number). We’ll be happy to help you get the Y.E.S. coverage you need.
INDEX Engine trouble/YCC-S indicators Maintenance and lubrication, and warning light ........3-3 periodic ..........6-4 ABS............3-14 Maintenance, emission control ABS warning light........3-4 system ..........6-3 Accessories and replacement parts..6-21 Final gear oil ......... 6-14 Maintenance, periodic ......6-1 Accessory box........3-20 Front and rear brake pads, checking..