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Honda GXV610 Owner's Manual

Honda engine owner's manual.
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  • Page 2

    The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals of California defects or other reproductive Keep this owners manual handy, so you can refer to it at any time. This owners manual is considered a permanent part of the engine and should remain with the engine if resold.

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    INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your selection of a Honda engine. We are certain you will be pleased with your purchase of one of the finest engines on the market. We want to help you get the best results from your new engine and to operate it safely.

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    INTRODUCTION A FEW WORDS ABOUT SAFETY Your safety and the safety of others are very important. And using this engine safely is an important responsibility. To help you make informed operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS ENGINE SAFETY ... IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION CONTROLS & FEATURES COMPONENT & CONTROL LOCATIONS CONTROLS Choke Lever ... Throttle Lever ... Recoil Starter Grip ... FEATURES ... Fuel-cut Solenoid ... BEFORE OPERATION IS YOUR ENGINE READY TO GO’, ... Check the General Condition of the Engine..Check the Engine ...

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  • Page 7: Engine Safety

    ENGINE SAFETY IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION Most accidents with engines can be prevented if you follow all instructions this manual and on the engine. Some of the most common hazards are discussed below, along with the best way to protect yourself and others. Owner Responsibilities Honda engines are designed...

  • Page 8

    ENGINE SAFETY Carbon Monoxide Hazards Exhaust gas contains poisonous haust gas. Never run the engine in a closed garage or confined area. Other Equipment Review the instructions for any additional safety precautions with engine startup, shutdown, or operation, or protective apparel that may be needed to operate the equipment.

  • Page 9: Controls & Features


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  • Page 11: Controls

    CONTROLS & FEATURES CONTROLS Choke Lever The choke lever opens and closes the choke valve in the carburetor. The CLOSED position enriches the fuel mixture for starting a cold engine. The OPEN position provides the correct fuel mixture for operation after starting, and for restarting a warm engine.

  • Page 12: Throttle Lever

    CONTROLS & FEATURES Throttle Lever The throttle lever controls engine speed. Moving the throttle lever in the directions shown makes the engine run faster or slower. Some engine applications use a remotely-mounted throttle control rather than the engine-mounted throttle lever shown here. THRO Recoil Starter Grip Pulling the starter grip operates the recoil starter to crank the engine.

  • Page 13: Features

    FEATURES Fuel-cut Solenoid (Fuel-cut The engine is equipped with a fuel-cut solenoid that allows fuel to flow to the carburetor main jet when the engine switch is in the ON or START position and stops the flow of fuel to the main jet when the engine switch is in the OFF position.

  • Page 14: Before Operation

    IS YOUR ENGINE READY TO GO? For your safety, and to maximize the service life of your equipment, important to take a few moments before you operate the engine to check its condition. Be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your servicing dealer correct it, before you operate the engine.

  • Page 15: Check The Engine

    Check the Engine Check the engine oil level (see page 23). Running the engine with a low oil level can cause engine damage. Check the air filter (see page 29). A dirty air filter will restrict air flow to the carburetor, reducing engine performance.

  • Page 16: Operation

    OPERATION SAFE OPERATING Before operating the engine for the first time, please review the SAFETY INFORMATIONon TION. Carbon monoxide it can cause unconsciousness Avoid any areas or actions that expose 1 Iyriarbon Review the instructions for any safety precautions that should be observed in conjunction startup, shutdown, or vperation.

  • Page 17

    2. To start a cold engine, pull the choke lever to the CLOSED position. To restart a warm engine, leave the choke lever in the OPEN position. Some engine applications than the engine-mounted CHOKE LE 3. Move the throttle lever away from the SLOW position, about l/3 of the way toward the FAST position.

  • Page 18

    4. Turn the engine switch to the ON position. 5. Operate the starter. RECOIL STARTER: Pull the starter grip lightly until you feel resistance, then pull briskly. Return the starter grip gently. ELECTRIC STARTER: Turn the key to the START position, and hold it there until the engine starts. If the engine fails to start within 5 seconds, release the key, and wait at least 10 seconds before operating the starter again.

  • Page 19: Stopping The Engine

    STOPPING THE ENGINE To stop the engine in an emergency, simply turn the engine switch to the OFF position. Under normal conditions, 1. Move the throttle lever to the SLOW position. Some engine applications than the engine-mounted 2. Turn the engine switch to the OFF position. 3.

  • Page 20: Setting Engine Speed

    OPERATION SETTING ENGINE SPEED Position the throttle lever for the desired engine speed. Some engine applications the engine-mounted For engine speed recommendations, equipment powered by this engine. THROlTLE LEV (Fuel-cut solenoid type only) Do not disconnect the battery from the engine while the engine is running. Disconnecting the battery causes the fuel-cut solenoid to shut off the flow of fuel to the carburetor main jet, and the engine will stop.

  • Page 21: Servicing Your Honda Engine

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE Good maintenance is essential for safe, economical, and trouble-free opera- tion. It will also help reduce air pollution. Improperly failure to correct a problem before operation, which you can be seriously Always follow the inspection nance recommendations in this owner’s manual.

  • Page 22: Maintenance Safety

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE MAINTENANCE SAFETY Some of the most important safety precautions warn you of every conceivable nance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task. Failure to properly Instructions you to be seriously Always follow the procedures precautions Safety Precautions...

  • Page 23: Maintenance Schedule

    MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE \REGULAR SERVILE PERIOD (3) ITEM Perform at every month oroperating hour interval, whichever.come.sfirst. Engine oil Engine oil filter Air filter . I Valve clearance Fuel filter ) Fuel line Emission-related Replace the paper air filter element only. (1) Service more frequently when used in dusty areas. (2) These items should be serviced by your servicing dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically manual for service procedures.

  • Page 24: Fuel Recommendations

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS Use unleaded gasoline These engines are certified to operate on unleaded gasoline produces fewer engine and spark plug deposits and extends exhaust system life. Never use stale or contaminated getting dirt or water in the fuel tank. Occasionally you may hear a light “spark knock”...

  • Page 25: Engine Oil Level Check

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE ENGINE OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the engine oil level with the engine stopped and in a level position. 1. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and wipe it clean. 2. Insert and remove the dipstick without screwing it into the filler neck. Check the oil level shown on the dipstick.

  • Page 26: Engine Oil Change

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE ENGINE OIL CHANGE Drain the used oil while the engine is warm. Warm oil drains quickly and completely. Place a suitable container below the engine to catch the used oil, then remove the oil filler cap/dipstick Allow the used oil to drain completely, tighten it securely.

  • Page 27: Oil Filter Change

    OIL FILTER CHANGE 1. Drain the engine oil, and retighten the drain bolt securely (see page 24). 2. Remove the oil filter with a filter wrench, and drain the remaining oil into a suitable container. Discard the used oil filter. 3.

  • Page 28

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE 4. Screw on the new oil filter by hand until the seal contacts the filter mounting base, then use an oil filter wrench to tighten the filter an additional 7/8 turn. Oil filter tightening torque: 16 ft-lb (22 N-m, 2.2 kg-m). 5.

  • Page 29: Engine Oil Recommendations

    ENGINE OIL RECOMMENDATIONS Oil is a major factor affecting performance automotive detergent oil. SAE 1 OW-30 is recommended for general use. Other viscosities shown in the chart may be used when the average temperature recommended range. The SAE oil viscosity and service classification container.

  • Page 30: Fuel Filter Inspection

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE FUEL FILTER INSPECTION 1. Check the fuel filter for water accumulation 2. If the fuel filter is found with excessive water accumulation the engine to your authorized or sediment. Honda servicing dealer. or sediment, take...

  • Page 31: Air Filter Inspection

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE AIR FILTER INSPECTION Remove the air cleaner cover and inspect the filter elements. Clean or replace dirty filter elements. Always replace damaged filter elements. Refer to page 30 for instructions that apply to the air cleaner and filter. \;-?I AIR CLEANER BODY...

  • Page 32: Air Cleaner Service

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE AIR CLEANER SERVICE A dirty air filter will restrict air flow to the carburetor, performance. If you operate the engine in very dusty areas, clean the air filter more often than specified in the MAINTENANCE Operating the engine without an air filter, or with a damaged air filter, will allow dirt to enter the engine, causing rapid engine wear.

  • Page 33

    5. Clean the air filter elements if they are to be reused. Paper filter element: Tap the filter element several times on a hard surface to remove dirt, or blow compressed air [not exceeding 30 psi (207 kPa, 2.1 kg/cm’)] through the filter element from the air cleaner cover side. Never try to brush off dirt;...

  • Page 34: Spark Plug Service

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE SPARK PLUG SERVICE .Recommended spark plugs: BPR5ES (NGK) Incorrect spark plugs can cause engine damage. Disconnect the spark plug caps, and remove any dirt from around the spark plug area. Remove the spark plugs with a 13/l 6-inch spark plug wrench. SPARK PLUG WRENCH 3.

  • Page 35

    6. After the spark plug seats, tighten with a 13/l (j-inch spark plug wrench to compress the washer. If reinstalling the used spark plug, tighten l/6-1/4 seats. If installing a new spark plug, tighten l/2 turn after the spark plug seats. 1 NOTICE j A loose spark plug can overheat and damage the engine.

  • Page 36: Spark Arrester Maintenance

    SERVICING YOUR HONDA ENGINE SPARK ARRESTER Your engine is not factory-equipped illegal to operate an engine without a spark arrester. Check local laws and regulations. A spark arrester is available from authorized dealers. The spark arrester must be serviced every 100 hours to keep it functioning designed.

  • Page 37

    3. Use a brush to remove carbon deposits from the spark arrester screen. Be careful to avoid damaging the screen. The spark arrester must be free of breaks and holes. Replace the spark arrester if it is damaged. 4. Install the spark arrester, and muffler protector in the reverse order of disassembly.

  • Page 38: Helpful Tips & Suggestions

    HELPFUL TIPS 81 SUGGESTIONS STORING YOUR ENGINE Storage Preparation Proper storage preparation and looking good. The following steps will help to keep rust and corrosion from impairing your engine’s function and appearance, easier to start when you use it again. If the engine has been running, allow it to cool for at least half an hour before cleaning.

  • Page 39

    The Distributor’s Limited Warranty does not cover fuel system damage or engine performance problems resulting from neglected storage preparation. You can extend fuel storage life by adding a fuel stabilizer that is formulated for that purpose, or you can avoid fuel deterioration problems by draining the fuel tank and carburetor.

  • Page 40

    HELPFUL TIPS & SUGGESTIONS DRAINING THE FUEL TANK AND CARBURETOR 1. Disconnect the fuel line to the engine, and drain the fuel tank into an approved gasoline container. If the fuel tank is equipped with a valve, turn the fuel valve to the OPEN or ON position to enable draining. After draining is completed, reconnect the fuel line.

  • Page 41: Storage Precautions

    Engine Oil 1. Change the engine oil (see page 24). 2. Remove the spark plugs (see page 32). 3. Pour a tablespoon (5-l 4. Pull the starter rope several times to distribute the oil in the cylinders. 5. Reinstall the spark plugs. Storage Precautions If your engine will be stored with gasoline in the fuel tank and carburetor, it is...

  • Page 42: Removal From Storage

    HELPFUL TIPS & SUGGESTIONS Position the equipment leakage. With the engine and exhaust system cool, cover the engine to keep out dust. A hot engine and exhaust system can ignite or melt some materials. Do not use sheet plastic as a dust cover. A nonporous cover will trap moisture around the engine, promoting rust and corrosion.

  • Page 43: Transporting

    TRANSPORTING If the engine has been running, allow it to cool for at least 15 minutes before loading the engine-powered and exhaust system can burn you and can ignite some materials. Keep the engine level when transporting leakage. HELPFUL TIPS & SUGGESTIONS equipment on the transport vehicle.

  • Page 44: Taking Care Of Unexpected Problems

    TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS ENGINE WILL NOT START 1. Check battery and fuse. 2. Check control positions. 3. Check fuel. 4. Remove and inspect spark plugs. 5. Take engine to an authorized Honda servicing deafer, or refer to shop manual. ENGINE LACKS POWER 1.

  • Page 45: Technical & Consumer Information

    TECHNICAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION Serial Number Location *ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER ELECTRIC @WA type) Record the engine serial number in the space below. You will need this serial number when ordering parts, and when making technical or warranty inquiries (see page 52). Engine serial number: &...

  • Page 46: Battery Connections

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Battery Connections Use a 12-volt battery with an ampere-hour Be careful not to connect the battery in reverse polarity, as this will short circuit the battery charging system. Always connect the positive (+) battery cable to the battery terminal before connecting the negative (-) battery cable, so your tools cannot cause a short circuit if they touch a grounded part while tightening...

  • Page 47: Remote Control Linkage

    Remote Control Linkage The throttle and choke control levers are provided with holes for optional cable attachment. 1. Remove the two 6 mm special bolts from the control cover and remove the control cover. 2. The following illustrations show installation examples for a solid wire cable. Do not use a braided wire cable.

  • Page 48: Carburetor Modification For High Altitude Operation

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Carburetor Modification At high altitude, the standard Performance will decrease, and fuel consumption mixture will also foul the spark plug and cause hard starting. High altitude performance carburetor. If you always operate your engine at altitudes above 6,000 feet (1,800 meters), have your servicing dealer perform this carburetor modifica- tion.

  • Page 49: Oxygenated Fuels

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Oxygenated Fuels Some conventional gasolines compound. These gasolines are collectively To meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States and Canada use oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions. If you use an oxygenated octane rating requirement. Before using an oxygenated states/provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.

  • Page 50: Emission Control System Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Emission Control System Information Source of Emissions The combustion process produces carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and hydrocarbons. Control of hydrocarbons tant because, under certain conditions, smog when subjected to sunlight. same way, but it is toxic. Honda utilizes lean carburetor emissions of carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and hydrocarbons.

  • Page 51

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Problems That May Affect Emissions If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have your engine inspected and repaired by your servicing dealer. Hard starting or stalling after starting. Rough idle. Misfiring or backfiring under load. Afterburning (backfiring).

  • Page 52: Specifications

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Specifications GXV61 0-QWA Type Length x Width x Height Dry weight Engine type Displacement [Bore x Stroke] Max. output Max. torque Fuel consumption Coolino svstem lanition svstem PTO shaft rotation GXVBSO-QWA Type Length x Width x Height Dry weight Engine type Displacement...

  • Page 53: Consumer Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION CONSUMER INFORMATION Honda Publications These publications will give you additional repairing your engine. You may order them from your Honda engine dealer. Shop Manual This manual covers complete maintenance It is intended to be used by a skilled technician. Parts Catalog This manual provides complete, illustrated parts lists.

  • Page 54: Warranty Service Information

    The Service Manager or General Manager can help. Almost all problems are solved in this way. If you are dissatisfied ment, contact the Honda Power Equipment Customer Relations Office. You can write to: American Honda Motor Co., Inc. Power Equipment...

  • Page 55: Quick Reference Information

    QUICK REFERENCE Fuel Type Type Engine Oil Capacity Type Spark Plug Carburetor Idle speed Before each use First 20 Maintenance hours Subsequent INFORMATION Unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher (page 22) SAE 1 OW-30, API SF or SG, for general use (page 27) Without oil filter replacement: 1.9 US qt (1.8 f)

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