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Garmin Fishfinder 160 Owner's Manual

Garmin fish finder user manual
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  • Page 3: Customer Service

    If you encounter a problem, or just have a question, contact our Product Support Department at 913-397-8200, Monday — Friday 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Central Time. Enjoy your new Fishfi nder 160 and once again thank you for choosing GARMIN. Introduction...
  • Page 4: Limited Warranty

    GARMIN Corporation warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and manufacture for one year from the date of purchase. GARMIN will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor.
  • Page 5: Packaging And Accessories

    The Fishfi nder 160 Standard Package contains the following items: • Fishfi nder 160 • Protective Front Cover • Surface/Flush Mount Kit • Wiring Adapter Cable • Owner’ s Manual • Quick Reference Guide • *Transom Mount Transducer (w/depth/temp) * Optional...
  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Introduction... i-vi Customer Service ... i Limited Warranty ... ii Introduction Packaging and Accessories... iii Unit Display Installation ...1-9 Table of Contents Selecting A Transducer ... 1 Transom Mount Installation ... 2 In-hull Installation ... 3 Trolling Motor Installation... 4 Wiring Harness Installation ...
  • Page 7 Transducer Coverage ... 29 Understanding the Chart ... 30 Whiteline ... 31 Thermoclines ... 32 Simulator Mode... 33 Appendix ...28-33 Appendix A—Specfi cations ... 34 Appendix B—Alarm Messages and Icons... 35 Appendix C—Fishfi nder 160 Portable ... 36-37 Appendix D—Index ... 38-...
  • Page 8: Water Depth

    Introduction What can the Fishfi nder 160 Display? The Fishfi nder 160 is able to display a variety of useful information about the underwater environment. Below are a few things the unit will help you see. Water Depth The unit displays water depth and can provide a warning for shallow or deep-water conditions.
  • Page 9: Installation

    Included in the Optional Package is a 20° cone angle, temperature sens- ing, transom mount transducer. This transducer provides good all-around performance. A variety of optional transducers are available from your local dealer or GARMIN. Installation Selecting a Transducer Wide cone angle...
  • Page 10: Transom Mount Installation

    Proper transducer installation is key to getting the best performance from your new unit. If the transducer lead is too short, extension cables are available from you GARMIN dealer. DO NOT cut the transducer lead, this will void your warranty.
  • Page 11: In-Hull Installation

    In-hull Installation The 010-10224-00 transducer is designed to be mounted inside a fiberglass hull. The standard plastic transom mount transducer can also be mounted in this fashion using this method. If using a temperature sensing transducer, the temperature displayed will reflect the hull temperature. Selecting a Location The location has to be solid fi...
  • Page 12: Trolling Motor Installation

    Installation Mounting the Transducer Worm Gear Slide clamp band through slot in bracket Trolling Motor Installation Included in the 010-10251-00 transducer kit you should have: • Worm Gear Clamp • Cable Ties • Transducer Mounting the Transducer: 1. Loosen the Worm Gear Clamp until end of the band is clear of the worm gear.
  • Page 13: Wiring Harness Installation

    During a typical installation, only the Red and Black wires are used. The Blue wire supplies NMEA data, and doesn’t have to be connected for normal operation of the unit. The Yellow (alarm) wire is not used, the Fishfi nder 160 does not support external alarms.
  • Page 14: Installing The Wiring Harness

    Make sure the 2-Amp in-line fuse supplied with the unit is installed. The Fishfi nder 160 can be connected to another piece of NMEA com- patible electronic equipment. If equipped with a capable transducer, the Fishfi nder 160 sends depth, temperature and speed information that could be displayed on another device.
  • Page 15: Display Installation (Surface Mount)

    Display Installation (Surface Mount) The Fishfi nder 160 can be mounted to a fl at surface using the supplied Surface Mounting Bracket. Surface Mounting the Display: 1. Position the Surface Mount in the desired location. Leave approximately 2'’ behind the unit for cable clearance.
  • Page 16: Display Installation (Flush Mount)

    Installing the Display Pull bracket down until cam lobe contacts Display Installation (Flush Mount) The Fishfi nder 160 can be mounted fl ush against a dash or electronics rack that is no more than 1/4” thick. Flush Mounting the Display: 1.
  • Page 17: Testing The Installation

    While it is possible to perform some checks with the boat trailered, to properly test the installation the boat should be in the water. Press the Power button and the Fishfinder 160 should power on. If the unit fails to power on, verify that the wiring adapter is seated properly in the back of the unit, the Red and Black wires are connected to the correct polarity, and that the 2-Amp fuse is installed and not blown.
  • Page 18: Unit Operation

    Unit Operation Keypad Function Arrow Keys The Arrow Keys are used to select items on the Adjustment Bar and Setup menu and to change fi eld data. Enter Key The Enter key is used to activate/deactivate Adjustment Bar and Setup Menu data fi...
  • Page 19 Messages and Alarm Icons are displayed along the bottom. The Fishfinder 160 has three levels of display backlighting, Off, Low and High. The backlight is activated by momentarily pressing the Power key. To change the backlight level, press the Power key repeatedly.
  • Page 20: Range

    Unit Operation The Adjustment Bar Current Setting Adjustment List Using the Adjustment Bar The Adjustment Bar allows direct access to the settings most commonly changed while using the unit. These include the depth Range, Zoom setting, and the Gain (sensitivity) of the unit. Place the highlight (white bar) over the desired selection using the RIGHT or LEFT Arrow key and the current setting will be displayed in the highlight.
  • Page 21: Zoom

    Zoom The Zoom Adjustment is used to quickly select a display zoom scale. To change the zoom scale: 1. Highlight ‘Zoom’ on the Adjustment Bar. 2. Using the UP or DOWN Arrow, select the desired display zoom level. When a scale other than ‘No Zoom’ is selected, the Adjustment Bar will display a new selection labeled View.
  • Page 22: Gain

    Unit Operation The Adjustment Bar Minimum Gain Gain The Gain Adjustment allows the user to control the sensitivity of the unit’ s receiver. This provides some flexibility in what is seen on the display. To see more detail, increase the receiver sensitivity by selecting a higher gain (+).
  • Page 23: Chart

    Setup Menu The Setup Menu contains the unit settings that should not require frequent change. The Setup Menu is divided into eight tabs: Chart, Tools, Numbers, Alarms, System, Calibrations, Units, and Memory . Each tab will be described in more detail in this section. To enter and exit the Setup Menu, press the SETUP button on the face of the unit.
  • Page 24: Setup Menu

    2. Highlight the ‘Scroll Speed’ selection fi eld and press ENTER. 3. Choose ‘Fast’, ‘Medium’, ‘Slow’ or ‘Pause’, press ENTER to accept the selection. If you are using the Fishfi nder 160 on the portable case battery power, slowing the scroll rate will help to conserve your battery.
  • Page 25: Scale

    Scale The depth ‘Scale’ is displayed vertically along the right side of the chart. The depth ‘Scale’ can be configured to display four different ways: as an ‘Overlay’, in the ‘Corners’, with ‘Basic’ or ‘No Scale’. To Change the Scale Setting: 1.
  • Page 26: Tools

    Unit Operation Setup Menu/Tools Depth Line Noise Reject Selections Tools The Tools tab contains the ‘Depth Line’, ‘Noise Reject’, ‘Flasher’, and ‘Simulator’ tools. The ‘Depth Line’ tool is used to quickly identify a set depth or measure the depth of underwater objects. The ‘Noise Reject’ and ‘Flasher’...
  • Page 27: Flasher

    Simulator The ‘Simulator’ tool allows you to select a transducer type for use with the Fishfinder 160’ s built in simulator. These choices allow the simulator to more accurately depict actual operation of the unit. For details on using the simulator see page 33.
  • Page 28: Numbers

    3. Choose ‘Normal’ or ‘Large’, press ENTER to accept the selection. Battery Voltage The Fishfinder 160 can display the current battery voltage on the chart. To Show or Hide the Battery Voltage Display Field: 1. Highlight the ‘NUM’ tab on the Setup Menu.
  • Page 29: Temperature

    3. Choose ‘Auto’, ‘Show’ or ‘Hide’, press ENTER to accept the selection. Speed The Fishfinder 160 can display the boat’ s ‘Speed’ Over Water when equipped with a speed capable transducer or Speed Sensor. When set to ‘AUTO’ the unit will automatically sense when a capable transducer or sensor is connected and display the Speed.
  • Page 30: Alarms

    Alarms The ‘Alarm’ tab allows you to activate and configure the four alarms available in the Fishfinder 160. To access the ‘Alarm’ tab place the highlight over it using the arrow keys. See page 35 for alarm icons and messages.
  • Page 31: Deep Water

    Deep Water The ‘Deep Water’ Alarm can be set to sound a warning at a depth determined by the user. Before the unit will sound a warning the alarm must be activated. Activating/Deactivating the Deep Water Alarm: 1. Highlight the ‘Alarm’ tab on the Setup Menu. 2.
  • Page 32: System

    3. Choose ‘Off’, ‘Alarms’, or ‘Key & Alarms’, press ENTER to accept the setting. NMEA Output The Fishfi nder 160 has the ability to output information about Depth, Speed, and Water Temp for display on another NMEA-compatible device. To Activate/Deactivate the NMEA Output: 1.
  • Page 33: Calibration Keel Offset

    Calibration Keel Offset The ‘Keel Offset’ fi eld allows the user to offset the depth reading for a keel or for the draw on a larger vessel . To Set a Keel Offset: 1. Highlight the ‘Calibration’ tab on the Setup Menu. 2.
  • Page 34: Units

    Unit Operation Setup Menu/Units Depth Selections Temperature Selections Speed Selections Units The ‘Units’ tab contains settings for ‘Depth’, ‘Temperature’ and ‘Speed’. To access the ‘Units’ tab, use the arrow keys to highlight it. Depth The ‘Depth’ fi eld can be confi gured to display in Feet (ft), Meters (mt) or Fathoms (fa).
  • Page 35: Memory

    To access the ‘Memory’ tab, use the arrow keys to highlight it. Remember The Fishfi nder 160 can be set to remember All of the unit settings including the Adjustment Bar or the items in Setup Only. To Select a Memory Setting: 1.
  • Page 36: On The Water

    If you are familiar with sonar, and can determine what is on the chart, this section may not be for you. This section is intended to help the novice user gain some understanding of how the Fishfinder 160 operates and how it can help improve their fishing productivity.
  • Page 37: Transducer Coverage

    Transducer Coverage The area covered by the transmitted sound waves is determined by the cone angle of the transducer and the water depth. Using Garmin’ s standard 20° transducer, the coverage is approximately 1/3rd of the water depth. As shown in Example 1, the coverage area at a 30 foot depth is approxi- mately a 10 foot diameter circle.
  • Page 38: Understanding The Chart

    On the Water On the Water Understanding the Chart Branches Enlarged Transducer View Fish Remember that the Fishfi nder displays a 2D picture of the underwater environment. The fi sh and tree could be located anywhere in the coverage area at that slice of time.
  • Page 39: Whiteline

    Whiteline The Fishfi nder 160 can help you to determine if the bottom is hard or soft. When the sonar soundwaves are refl ected back by the bottom, a hard bottom will return a stronger signal than a soft bottom. The stronger bottom return, the wider the bottom layer is displayed.
  • Page 40: Thermoclines

    On the Water Understanding the Chart Thermoclines One of the unique features offered by GARMIN is See-Thru® technol- ogy. See-Thru® technology allows the Fishfinder 160 to see through thermoclines and helps locate fish where they live, and fish love the thermocline.
  • Page 41: Simulator Mode

    The message will be replaced by the simulator mode icon in the lower left corner of the chart. While in the simulator mode, the unit will display a random bottom scene and the Fishfinder 160 can be controlled just as if it were on the water.
  • Page 42: Appendix A-Specfi Cations

    Specifi cations Physical Case: Fully Gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy Display: 3.3” x 3.3” (8.3 x 5 cm) 160 H x 160 W pixels Size: 4.625” H x 6.0” W x 2.75” D (11.7 x 15.2 x 7cm) Weight: 24 oz.
  • Page 43: Appendix B-Alarm Messages And Icons

    Alarm Messages and Icons The Fishfinder 160 displays a message when an alarm is tripped. To clear the message press the ENTER key. If the ENTER key is not pressed, the unit will automatically remove most messages after 10 seconds and display a reminder icon in the lower left corner of the chart until the alarm is no longer valid.
  • Page 44: Appendix C-Fishfi Nder 160 Portable

    The Portable Case is designed for rugged use and provides storage for the Battery Pack and the Portable Suction Cup Transducer and a mount for the Fishfi nder 160. The case is water resistant but is not designed to fl oat in the event it should go overboard.
  • Page 45: Appendix C—Fishfi Nder 160 Portable

    Batteries The Fishfi nder 160 Portable comes with a D-Cell battery pack. Eight D-Cell Alkaline batteries will provide approximately 20 hours of continu- ous operation. You have the option of purchasing a 12 Volt Rechargeable Gel-Cell Battery for the portable case.
  • Page 46: Appendix D—Index

    Depth Line ... 18 Display Display Installation... 7 Enter Key ... 10 Factory Setup ... 27 Fish Alarm ... 22 Fish Symbols ... 15 Fishfi nder 160 Portable ... 36 Flasher ... 19 Flush Mount ... 8 Gain ..14...
  • Page 47 In-hull Installation ... 3 Installing the Display ... 7 Keel Offset ... 25 Keypad... 10 Limited Warranty ... i Memory ... 27 Messages ... 35 NMEA Output ... 24 Noise Reject ... 18 Number Size ... 20 Numbers ... 20 Operation ...
  • Page 48 On the Water Appendix D Index Software Version ... 27 Specifi cations ... 34 Speed ... 1, 26 Speed Sensor ... 25 Suction Cup Transducer ... 36 System ... 24 Table of Contents ... vi Temperature ... 21, 26 Testing the Installation ... 9 Tools ...

This manual is also suitable for:

Fishfinder 240