KLN 90B GPS Abbreviated Operation Manual Rev. 1 ORS 20...
KLN 90B GPS Abbreviated Operation Manual Rev. 1 ORS 20 IMPORTANT: Special installation procedures must be followed in order for the KLN 90B to be certified for IFR use. Consult the KLN 90B Flight Manual Supplement for the operating limitations of this unit.
PREVIEW OF OPERATION ......1 1.0 TURN ON ........3 2.0 BASIC OPERATION OF PANEL CONTROLS .
12.3 Adding A Waypoint To A Flight Plan ....41 12.4 Deleting A Waypoint From A Flight Plan ... . 41 12.5 Deleting Flight Plans .
PREVIEW OF OPERATION To give you an idea of how easy the KLN 90B is to operate, the following operational preview is presented. This operational preview assumes the KLN 90B has been properly installed, the unit was previously operational in the same general geographical location, and that no peripheral equip- ment interfaced with the KLN 90B (such as external HSIs, CDIs, autopi- lots, RMIs, fuel flow systems, moving map displays, etc.) is to be used at this time.
test page has been approved. Press the GPS CRS button to put the unit into the LEG mode. After the GPS CRS button indicates LEG, then the KLN 90B will continue the start-up process.) 3. A database page is now displayed showing the date the database expires or the date it expired.
IMPORTANT: This abbreviated operation manual does not include any information on how to use the KLN 90B for flying approaches or SID/STAR procedures. Refer to the KLN 90B Pilot’s Guide and the aircraft flight manual supplement for instructions on these procedures. 1.0 TURN ON •...
The KLN 90B stores the correct time, date and last location of the aircraft in memory. If any of these parameters are not correct then the GPS receiver in the KLN 90B will automatically enter a mode in which it can determine this information.
updated on the Self Test page when power is first applied to the KLN 90B and on the Altitude page each time a new baro correction is made to the aircraft’s altimeter. The altimeter baro setting may be changed at a later time from inches to millibars (or vice versa) on the SET 7 page.
2.0 BASIC OPERATION OF PANEL CONTROLS Top Left Segment Top Right Segment "Left Page" "Right Page" Lower Left Lower Middle Lower Right Segment Segment Segment 2.1 Page Selection The screen is normally divided into five segments defined by vertical and horizontal lines on the screen.
screen by first pressing the appropriate C button (left C for left page and right C for right page) to turn the cursor function on and bring the cursor on the screen. The appropriate concentric knobs are then used to enter the data.
The eight page types for the left side are the following: Page Annunciation Knob Annunciation Page Name Page Numbers TRIP Trip Planning 0 - 6 MODE Mode 1 - 2 Flight Plan 0 - 25 Navigation 1 - 5 CALC Calculator 1 - 7 STAT...
NOTE: If you are entering an airport identifier that is all letters (no num- bers), then it will begin with a “K” prefix in the Contiguous U.S., a “P” in Alaska, or a “C” in Canada. If there are numbers in the identifier, then a prefix is not used.
waypoints in the database having the identifier. Below the identifier is a list of the waypoint types (APT, VOR, NDB, INT, SUP) and the associated countries which use the identifier. To see an example of a Duplicate Waypoint page perform the following steps: •...
the almanac data will become out of date only if the KLN 90B hasn’t been used for the previous six months or longer. Collecting new almanac data takes place automatically if the data is more than six months old. If the almanac data is out of date and needs to be collected, the KLN 90B will take a few minutes to acquire your present position (usually about six (6) minutes, but not more than 12 minutes).
• Press E to view the waypoint page on the right side. • Press E again to confirm the waypoint page. NOTE: As an alternative, you can also enter the approximate latitude and longitude of your present position directly on the SET 1 page instead of entering a waypoint identifier.
If this condition isn’t occurring, then: 3. If there is any waypoint page (APT 1-8 page, VOR page, NDB page, INT page, SUP page, or ACT page) in view on the right side when D is pressed, then the Direct To page will contain the identifier for the way- point page being viewed on the right side.
4.2 Direct To - Procedure B • Select the desired waypoint type (APT, VOR, NDB, INT, or SUP) on the right page. • Select the desired waypoint identifier using the following method: a. Press the right C. The cursor will be over the first character in the waypoint identifier.
• Press D. The Direct To page is displayed on the left side and it con- tains the desired waypoint identifier. • Press E to approve the waypoint page displayed on the right side. The right side will display the NAV 1 page, and the left side will return to the page which was displayed prior to pressing D (unless the NAV 1 page was on the left side in which case the pages will revert to the state they were in prior to the direct to operation).
5.0 THE NAVIGATION PAGES As you would expect, the NAV (navigation) pages contain information relating specifically to the KLN 90B’s navigation capabilities. The KLN 90B has five NAV pages. Unlike any other pages, these pages may be selected and viewed on both the left and right sides of the screen. The procedure for selecting specific pages, including the NAV pages, was described previously under “BASIC OPERATION OF PANEL CON- TROLS”.
contains exactly the same information as the standard NAV 1 page but spreads the data out across the entire screen making it even easier to view. 5.3 The Navigation 2 Page (NAV 2) The NAV 2 page displays the aircraft’s present position in two formats. The first format is in terms of the distance and radial from a nearby VOR.
90B is interfaced with a source of heading in a suitable format then a heading up presentation may also be selected. When the North up dis- play is selected, viewing the NAV 5 page is like looking at a navigation chart with North at the top.
In both the North up format and the desired track up format, the aircraft’s position is depicted by a diamond. In the actual track up format and the heading up format, the aircraft’s position is depicted by an aircraft symbol. The range scale is displayed in the lower right corner of the NAV 5 page.
The map scale is also changed by using the left cursor button. To change the map scale, press the left C to place the cursor over the map scale factor at the bottom left corner of the map display. Turn the left inner knob to select a map scale.
tation choices are the same as for the NAV 5 page: North up, desired track up, actual track up, or heading up (if a proper source of heading is provided to the KLN 90B). Remember that for actual track up, graphics are displayed only when the aircraft is moving at a groundspeed greater than 2 knots.
6.0 MESSAGE PAGE Whenever the KLN 90B determines that there is a situation that requires the pilot’s attention, the message prompt (MSG) begins flashing in inverse video at the bottom of the display just to the right of the mode of operation. A remote message annunciator may also be installed in the aircraft instru- ment panel.
use airspace. If the special use airspace is a Class B, Class C, CTA, or TMA, the message page will also instruct you to see the Airport 4 page (airport communications) for the primary airport so that the correct com- munications frequency may be determined.
trate the SUA area. If one of the SUA areas is penetrated, another message will state: INSIDE SPC USE AIRSPACE. The SUA alert feature may be disabled (or enabled) on the Setup 8 (SET 8) page. After displaying the SET 8 page on the left side, press the left C to turn on the left cursor function.
Method 1: a. Press the right C. The cursor will be over the first character in the waypoint identifier. b. Rotate the right inner knob to select the first character of the desired identifier. c. Turn the right outer knob one step clockwise to move the cursor to the second character and then use the right inner knob to select the second character.
8.3 The Airport 2 Page (APT 2) The Airport 2 page contains the following information: • Airport identifier. An arrow precedes the identifier if it is the active way- point. • The city where the airport is located. • The state if the airport is located in the United States, the Province if located in Canada, or the country if located outside the United States and Canada.
• The letters “RT” followed by a runway designation indicate that the runway normally has a right hand traffic pattern. For example, RT 25 31 designates that runways 25 and 31 have a right hand traffic pattern. • Airport identifier. An arrow precedes the identifier if it is the active way- point.
AFIS - aerodrome flight information service CL B -Class B airspace (VFR frequency) CL C -Class C airspace (VFR frequency) TRSA -Terminal Radar Service Area (VFR frequency) - control area (VFR frequency used outside USA) - terminal area (VFR frequency used outside USA) - approach control - departure control - center (when center is used for approach/departure control)
8.6 The Airport 5 Page (APT 5) The Airport 5 page is used to store and display user-entered remarks. Up to 100 airports may contain these remarks. A remark may contain up to three lines of eleven characters each. Letters, numbers, hyphens, and spaces may be used in the remark.
CUSTMS-REST Customs facilities are available on a restricted basis, check with the airport before planning to CUSTMS-ADCS Customs are available for private aircraft arriving to the U.S. from Canada or Mexico. Advance notice of arrival to customs officers is to be included in the flight plan transmitted to an FAA facility.
8.10 The VOR Page The VOR page contains the following information: • VOR identifier. An arrow precedes the identifier if it is the active way- point. • The letter “D” appears following the VOR identifier if the VOR has DME capability.
8.12 The Intersection Page (INT) The Intersection pages contain low altitude, high altitude, approach, and SID/STAR intersections as well as outer markers and outer compass locators. The following information is displayed for Intersection pages: • The intersection, outer marker, or outer compass locator name. •...
9.0 NEAREST AIRPORTS, VORS, AND NDBS 9.1 Viewing The Nearest Airports, VORs, And NDBs The KLN 90B computes the nine nearest airports, the nine nearest VORs, and the nine nearest NDBs to the aircraft’s present position. There is no “nearest” list for intersection and supplemental waypoints. To view the nearest airports: •...
• Press E. The waypoint page for the nearest airport is now displayed on the right side. The right inner knob may now be used in the normal manner to scan the other nearest airports (knob in the “out” position) or to view all eight airport pages for a specific airport (knob in the “in”...
• Rotate the left outer knob one step clockwise to position the cursor over the runway surface criteria. • Turn the left inner knob to select either HRD SFT or to select HRD. If HRD SFT is chosen, then both hard and soft surface runways meeting the required runway length will be included in the nearest airport list.
NOTE: If a waypoint page containing a latitude and longitude is displayed instead of the above text, the identifier entered already exists in the user database. Another identifier must be chosen. 10.1 Creating A Waypoint At The Present Position The first method of creating a user-defined waypoint is to define it at your present position (the position shown on the NAV 2 page).
• Use the right inner and outer knobs to select the radial (from the refer- ence waypoint). The radial may be selected to the nearest tenth of a degree. • Press E. The cursor will move to the dashes to the right of DIS. •...
11.0 DELETING USER WAYPOINTS A listing of all user-defined waypoints is contained on the Other 3 page (OTH 3). The user-defined waypoints are listed by category; airports (A) are first, VORs (V) are second, NDBs (N) are third, Intersections (I) are fourth, and Supplemental waypoints (S) are last.
vated, it becomes FPL 0, the active flight plan. This manual will refer to FPL 0 as the “active flight plan” and FPL 1 through FPL 25 as the “num- bered flight plans”. If desired, a flight plan can be created directly in the active flight plan.
page allowing creation of a user defined waypoint will appear on the right side. Refer to section 10.0, “CREATING USER WAYPOINTS”, for instruction on how to define a user created waypoint. • Press E again to approve the waypoint page being displayed. The cursor will move to the second waypoint position.
since creating this flight plan, rotate the left outer knob all the way coun- terclockwise to position the cursor over USE?) • Press E to activate the flight plan in the order shown. To activate the flight plan in inverse order (first waypoint becomes last and last waypoint becomes first), rotate the left outer knob one step clockwise to position the cursor over USE? INVRT? before pressing E.
• Rotate the left outer knob as necessary to position the cursor over the waypoint to be deleted. • Press @. The letters DEL (delete) will appear to the left of the identifier and a question mark will appear to the right of the identifier. If a mistake was made and you do not wish to delete this waypoint, press @.
13.0 OPERATING FROM THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN 13.1 General Procedures Everything described in this manual thus far is applicable to using the KLN 90B for flight plan operation. The following rules and considerations apply to flight plan operation while the KLN 90B is in the leg mode: •...
13.2 Turn Anticipation And Waypoint Alerting Prior to reaching a waypoint in the active flight plan, the KLN 90B will pro- vide navigation along a curved path segment to ensure a smooth transi- tion between two adjacent legs in the flight plan. That is, the CDI or HSI left/right deviation will be referenced to the dashed line in the following figure.
point page for the active waypoint will be displayed. The location of the waypoint in the flight plan (waypoint 1, waypoint 2, etc.) is annunciated with a number to the left of the identifier. In addition, an arrow to the left of the waypoint number designates the active waypoint.
The second method takes advantage of rule number 2 described in section 4.0. To use this method: • Display the Super NAV 5 page by selecting NAV 5 on both sides of the display. • Pull out the right inner knob. A “window” will appear in the bottom right hand corner that has the current active waypoint in reverse video.
13.7 The Distance/Time 2 Page (D/T 2) When the FPL 0 page is displayed on the left side and the D/T 2 page is displayed on the right side, the distance and estimated time of arrival are displayed for each of the active flight plan waypoints. The distances are as described for the D/T 1 page.
SET 4 page displays RUN WHEN POWER IS ON, then the departure time is the time when power was applied to the KLN 90B. The SET 4 page may be changed by pressing the left C while the SET 4 page is displayed on the left side and then rotating the left inner knob.
NOTE: There may be some difference (less than 100 feet) between the indicated altitude (IND) and the aircraft’s actual altitude if the altitude input to the KLN 90B is from an altitude encoder because these encoders only provide altitude in 100 foot increments. 3.
and headphones. Or the KLN 90B may be interfaced with an external tone generator installed in the aircraft. In order to use altitude alerting, the KLN 90B must have an altitude input. If the altitude input is from an altitude encoder or from an air data com- puter not having a baro altitude output, then it will be necessary for you to manually input the proper altimeter setting in order to get accurate alerting.
means of interfacing the KLN 90B with the computer via an interface cable. The diskettes are not returned to ASGAA. This method of update is for use anywhere in the world that diskettes may be shipped. Directions for updating the database using a laptop computer are contained in sec- tion 2.4.1 of the KLN 90B Pilot’s Guide.
• Insert the old cartridge into the container. Peel off the protective backing from the adhesive on the end flap on the container. Press the flap against the adhesive to seal the container. • Please return the old cartridge promptly by mailing immediately at any mailbox.
Honeywell Aerospace Business and General Aviation Honeywell International Inc. One Technology Center 23500 West 105th Street Olathe, KS 66061 Telephone: (913) 712-0400 FAX: (913) 712-1302 www.honeywell.com 006-08774-0000 Rev. 1 06/97 © 2000-2006 Honeywell International Inc.