Honda F220 Owner's Manual

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Owner's Manual
o2001-2007 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. -All Rights Reserved


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  • Page 1 Owner’s Manual TILLER F220 o2001-2007 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. -All Rights Reserved...
  • Page 2 The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm. Keep this owner’s manual handy, so you can refer to it any time. This owner’s manual is considered a permanent part of the tiller and should remain with the tiller if resold.
  • Page 3 INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your selection of a Honda tiller. We are certain you will be pleased with your purchase of one of the finest tillers on the market. We want to help you get the best results from your new tiller and to operate it safely.
  • Page 4 INTRODUCTION A FEW WORDS ABOUT SAFETY Your safety and the safety of others are very important. And using this tiller safely is an important responsibility. To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    CONTENTS TILLER SAFETY ..................5 IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ..........5 SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS..............8 CONTROLS ....................9 COMPONENT & CONTROL LOCATIONS ..........9 CONTROLS..................10 Fuel Valve ..................10 Choke Lever ..................10 Engine Switch.................. 10 Starter Grip ..................11 Throttle Lever ..................
  • Page 6 CONTENTS SERVICING YOUR TILLER (continued) CLUTCH CABLE ADJUSTMENT ............37 THROTTLE CABLE ADJUSTMENT............. 37 SPARK ARRESTER SERVICE (optional equipment) ......38 STORAGE ....................39 STORAGE PREPARATION ..............39 Cleaning ..................39 Fuel ....................40 Engine Oil ..................43 STORAGE PRECAUTIONS ..............44 REMOVAL FROM STORAGE..............
  • Page 7: Tiller Safety

    TILLER SAFETY IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION Honda tillers are designed to cultivate earth outdoors. Other uses can result in injury to the operator or damage to the tiller and other property. Most injuries or property damage can be prevented if you follow all instructions in this manual and on the tiller.
  • Page 8 TILLER SAFETY Fire and Burn Hazards • The exhaust system gets hot enough to ignite some materials. — Keep the tiller at least 3 feet (1 meter) away from buildings and other equipment during operation. — Keep flammable materials away from the tiller. •...
  • Page 9 TILLER SAFETY Keep Shields in Place Guards and shields are designed to protect you from being hit by thrown objects and to keep you from touching hot engine parts and moving components. For your safety and the safety of others, keep all shields in place when the engine is running.
  • Page 10: Safety Label Locations

    TILLER SAFETY SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS These labels warn you of potential hazards that can cause serious injury. Read them carefully. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda servicing dealer for a replacement. California type...
  • Page 11: Controls

  • Page 12: Controls

    CONTROLS CONTROLS Fuel Valve FUEL VALVE The fuel valve opens and closes the connection between the fuel tank and the carburetor. The fuel valve must be in the ON position for the engine to run. After stopping the engine, turn the fuel valve to the OFF position.
  • Page 13: Starter Grip

    CONTROLS Starter Grip STARTER GRIP Pulling the starter grip operates the recoil starter to crank the engine for starting. Throttle Lever The throttle lever controls engine speed. THROTTLE LEVER Moving the throttle lever in the directions shown makes engine run faster or slower. FAST Tine speed...
  • Page 14: Main Clutch Lever

    CONTROLS Main Clutch Lever The main clutch lever engages and disengages the transmission that ENGAGED drives the tines. CLUTCH LEVER DISENGAGED Drag Bar The drag bar controls tilling RETAINER depth and should always be used when tilling. It enables you to compensate for the hardness of the soil.
  • Page 15: Before Operatlon

    BEFORE OPERATlON ARE YOU READY TO GET STARTED? Your safety is your responsibility. A little time spent in preparation will significantly reduce your risk of injury. Knowledge Read and understand this manual. Know what the controls do and how to operate them.
  • Page 16: Check The Engine

    BEFORE OPERATlON Do not place flammable objects close to the engine. Before beginning your pre-operation checks, be sure the tiller is on a level surface and the engine switch is in the OFF position. Check the Engine Check the oil level (see page 27). Check the air filter (see page 33).
  • Page 17: Operation

    OPERATION SAFE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS Before operating the tiller for the first time, please review both the TILLER SAFETY chapter and the chapter titled BEFORE OPERATION. For your safety, do not start or operate the tiller in an enclosed area such as a garage.
  • Page 18: Starting The Engine

    OPERATION STARTING THE ENGINE Refer to Safe Operating Precautions on page 15. Tines are sharp and spin fast. Spinning tines can cut you severely and can amputate body parts. • Wear protective footwear. • Keep your hands and feet away from the tines while the engine is running.
  • Page 19 OPERATION 3. Turn the engine switch to the ON position. ENGINE SWITCH 4. Move the throttle lever away from the SLOW position, about 1/3 of toward FAST position. THROTTLE LEVER SLOW 5. Pull the starter grip lightly until you feel resistance, then pull briskly in the direction of the arrow as shown.
  • Page 20 OPERATION 6. If the choke lever was moved to CHOKE LEVER the CLOSED position to start the engine, gradually move it to the OPEN position as the engine warms up. OPEN CLOSED...
  • Page 21: Operating The Controls For Tilling

    OPERATION OPERATING THE CONTROLS FOR TILLING If the tines dig in but the machine will not move forward, move the handlebars from side-to-side. When turning, push down on the handlebars to bring the tiller’s weight to the rear; this will make turning easier. Handlebar Height Adjustment HANDLEBAR HEIGHT...
  • Page 22 OPERATION Tiling Depth Adjustment RETAINER The drag bar is used to control the tilling depth, which can be adjusted by removing the pin and retainer and sliding the drag bar up and DRAG BAR down as necessary. During operation, if the machine jerks forward while tilling, press down on the handlebars.
  • Page 23: Stopping The Engine

    OPERATION STOPPING THE ENGINE To stop the engine in an emergency, simply turn the engine switch to the OFF position. Under normal conditions, use the following procedure. 1. Release the main clutch lever to the DISENGAGED position. ENGAGED MAIN CLUTCH DISENGAGED LEVER 2.
  • Page 24: Servicing Your Tiller

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE Good maintenance is essential for safe, economical, and trouble-free operation. It will also help reduce air pollution. To help you properly care for your tiller, the following pages include a maintenance schedule, routine inspection procedures, and simple maintenance procedures using basic hand tools.
  • Page 25: Maintenance Safety

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER MAINTENANCE SAFETY Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task. Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be...
  • Page 26: Maintenance Schedule

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD (2) Before Each First Every Every Every Perform at every indicated season month 3 months 6 months year month or operating hour interval, whichever comes first. 20 hrs. 50 hrs. 100 hrs. 300 hrs.
  • Page 27: Refueling

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER REFUELING Remove the fuel tank cap and check the fuel level with the tiller on a level surface. If the fuel level is low, refuel in a well-ventilated area with the engine stopped. If the engine has been running, allow it to cool first. Never refuel the engine inside a building where gasoline fumes can reach flames or sparks.
  • Page 28: Fuel Recommendations

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS This engine is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher. Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt or water in the fuel tank. You may use regular unleaded gasoline containing no more than 10% ethanol (E10) or 5% methanol by volume.
  • Page 29: Engine Oil Level Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the engine oil level with the tiller on a level surface and the engine stopped. 1. Remove the oil filler cap. Check that the oil level is at the upper limit of the oil level gauge.
  • Page 30: Engine Oil Change

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL CHANGE Drain the oil while the engine is warm to assure rapid and complete draining. 1. Place a suitable container below the engine to catch the used oil, and then remove the filler cap, drain plug, and sealing washer. 2.
  • Page 31: Engine Oil Recommendations

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER ENGINE OIL RECOMMENDATIONS Oil is a major factor affecting performance and service life. Use 4-stroke automotive detergent oil. SAE 10W-30 is recommended for general use. Other viscosities shown in the chart may be used when the average temperature in your area is within the recommended range.
  • Page 32: Transmission Oil Level Check

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL CHECK Check the transmission oil level with the tiller on a level surface and the engine stopped. 1. Remove the transmission oil level check bolt. The oil should be level with the lower edge of the oil filler hole. TRANSMISSION OIL LEVEL CHECK BOLT UPPER LIMIT...
  • Page 33 SERVICING YOUR TILLER 2. If the transmission oil level is low, proceed as follows. (AC type only) a. Move the choke lever to the CLOSED position. If you try to remove the fan cover with the choke lever in the OPEN position, the choke rod may not come out of the choke rod hole, and the choke mechanism may be damaged.
  • Page 34 SERVICING YOUR TILLER 4. Reinstall the oil filler cap and tighten the oil level check bolt securely. 5. (AC type only) Installation a. Remove the fuel tank cap. Verify the choke lever is in the CLOSED position and reinstall the fan cover by inserting the choke rod into the choke valve hole.
  • Page 35: Air Filter Inspection

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER AIR FILTER INSPECTION Press the latch tabs on the fuel tank side of the air cleaner cover, remove the air cleaner cover, and remove the filter. Check the filter to be sure it is clean and in good condition. If the filter is dirty, remove the filter and clean it as described on page 34.
  • Page 36: Air Filter Cleaning

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER AIR FILTER CLEANING A dirty air filter will restrict air flow to the carburetor, reducing engine performance. If you operate the tiller in very dusty areas, clean the air filter more frequently than specified in the Maintenance Schedule. 1.
  • Page 37: Spark Plug Service

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER SPARK PLUG SERVICE Recommended spark plugs: CR4HSB (NGK) U14FSR-UB (DENSO) Incorrect spark plugs can cause engine damage. 1. Disconnect the spark plug cap, and remove any dirt from around the spark plug area. 2. Remove the spark plug with a 5/8-inch spark plug wrench. SPARK PLUG WRENCH 3.
  • Page 38 SERVICING YOUR TILLER 1/8 – 1/4 turn after the spark plug seats. If installing a new spark plug, tighten 1/2 turn after the spark plug seats. A loose spark plug can overheat and damage the engine. Overtightening the spark plug can damage the threads in the cylinder head. 7.
  • Page 39: Servicing Your Tiller (Continued)

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER CLUTCH CABLE ADJUSTMENT 1. Set the handlebar height in the center position (see page 19). 2. The clutch spring should extend 0.08 ± 0.02 in (2.0 ± 0.5 mm) when the main clutch lever is moved from the DISENGAGED position to the ENGAGED position.
  • Page 40: Spark Arrester Service (Optional Equipment)

    SERVICING YOUR TILLER SPARK ARRESTER SERVICE (optional equipment) Your engine is not factory-equipped with a spark arrester. In some areas, it is illegal to operate an engine without a spark arrester. Check local laws and regulations. A spark arrester is available from Honda servicing dealers. The spark arrester must be serviced every 100 hours to keep it functioning as designed.
  • Page 41: Storage

    STORAGE STORAGE PREPARATION Proper storage preparation is essential for keeping your tiller trouble free and looking good. The following steps will help to keep rust and corrosion from impairing your tiller’s function and appearance, and will make the engine easier to start when you use the tiller again. Cleaning 1.
  • Page 42: Fuel

    STORAGE 2. After washing the tiller, wipe dry all accessible surfaces. 3. Start the engine outdoors, and let it run until it reaches normal operating temperature to evaporate any water remaining on the engine. 4. While the engine is running, operate the clutch lever to expel water from the pulleys, belts, and other moving items.
  • Page 43 STORAGE The Distributor’s Limited Warranty does not cover fuel system damage or engine performance problems resulting from neglected storage preparation. You can extend fuel storage life by adding a gasoline stabilizer that is formulated for that purpose, or you can avoid fuel deterioration problems by draining the fuel tank and carburetor.
  • Page 44 STORAGE Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor 1. Place an approved gasoline container below the carburetor, and use a funnel to avoid spilling fuel. 2. Loosen the carburetor drain screw, and then move the fuel valve to the ON position. Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive.
  • Page 45: Engine Oil

    STORAGE Engine Oil 1. Change the engine oil (see page 28). 2. Remove the spark plug (see page 35). 3. Pour a teaspoon (5 cc) of clean engine oil into the cylinder. 4. Gently pull the starter grip several times to distribute the oil in the cylinder. 5.
  • Page 46: Storage Precautions

    STORAGE STORAGE PRECAUTIONS If your tiller will be stored with gasoline in the fuel tank and carburetor, it is important to reduce the hazard of gasoline vapor ignition. Select a well ventilated storage area away from any appliance that operates with a flame, such as a furnace, water heater, or clothes dryer.
  • Page 47: Transporting

    TRANSPORTING BEFORE LOADING If the engine has been running, allow it to cool for at least 15 minutes before loading the tiller on the transport vehicle. A hot engine and exhaust system can burn you and can ignite some materials. Always turn the engine switch to the OFF position.
  • Page 48: Taking Care Of Unexpected Problems

    TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS ENGINE PROBLEMS Engine Will Not Possible Cause Correction Start 1. Check control posi- Fuel valve OFF. Turn valve ON. tions. Choke OPEN. Move to CLOSE un- less engine is warm. Engine switch OFF. Turn engine switch to ON. 2.
  • Page 49: Engine Lacks Power

    TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS Engine Lacks Possible Cause Correction Power 1. Check air filter. Air filter clogged. Clean or replace air filter (P. 34). 2. Check fuel. Bad fuel; tiller stored Drain fuel tank and without treating or carburetor (p. 42). draining gasoline, or Refuel with fresh refueled with bad...
  • Page 50: Tilling Problems

    TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS TILLING PROBLEMS Poor Tilling Quality Possible Cause Correction 1. Check that the Engine speed is too Move the throttle to throttle lever is in slow for soil the FAST position the FAST position. conditions. (p.11). 2.
  • Page 51: Technical & Consumer Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION TECHNICAL INFORMATION Serial Number Locations FRAME SERIAL NUMBER ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER Record the engine and frame serial numbers in the spaces below. You will need these serial numbers when ordering parts, and when making technical or warranty inquires (see page 56). Engine serial number:__________________________________________ Frame serial number: __________________________________________ Date purchased: ______________________________________________...
  • Page 52: Carburetor Modification For High Altitude Operation

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Carburetor Modification for High Altitude Operation At high altitude, the standard carburetor air-fuel mixture will be too rich. Performance will decrease, and fuel consumption will increase. A very rich mixture will also foul the spark plug and cause hard starting. Operation at an altitude that differs from that at which this engine was certified, for extended periods of time, may increase emissions.
  • Page 53: Emission Control System Information

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Emission Control System Information Source of Emissions The combustion process produces carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and hydrocarbons. Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight.
  • Page 54 TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Problems That May Affect Emissions If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have your engine inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda servicing dealer. • Hard starting or stalling after starting. • Rough idle. •...
  • Page 55 TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Air Index (Models certified for sale in California) An Air Index Information label is applied to engines certified to an emission durability time period in accordance with the requirements of the California Air Resources Board. The bar graph is intended to provide you, our customer, the ability to compare the emissions performance of available engines.
  • Page 56: Specifications

    TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION Specifications Model F220 F220K1 Non - California California type Type type (AN type) (AC type) Description code FAAJ Dry mass [weight] 49.6 lbs (22.5 kg) 52.9 lbs (24.0 kg) Length 47.2 in (1,200 mm) Width 21.5 in (545 mm) Height 38.4 in (975 mm) Engine model...
  • Page 57: Consumer Information

    This manual provides complete, illustrated parts lists. Available through your Honda dealer. Accessories Catalog Your authorized Honda power equipment dealer offers a selection of accessories (optional equipment) to make your tiller even more useful. Visit and click on Tillers to see the entire catalog of accessories.
  • Page 58: Customer Service Information

    General Manager can help. Almost all problems are solved in this way. If you are dissatisfied with the decision made by the dealership’s management, contact the Honda Power Equipment Customer Relations Office. You can write: American Honda Motor Co,. Inc.
  • Page 59: Quick Reference Information

    QUICK REFERENCE INFORMATION Unleaded gasoline with a Fuel Type pump octane rating of 86 or higher (see page 26) SAE 10 W – 30, API SJ or later, Engine Oil Type for general use (page 29) NGK: CR4HSB Spark Plug Type DENSO: U14FSR –...
  • Page 60 2eY300.2010.02 31V14612 00X31-V14-6120 Printed in Japan...

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