HP 273914-B21 - Smart Array 6404/256 RAID Controller User Manual

Controllers for integrity servers.
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HP Smart Array 6400 Series Controllers for
Integrity Servers
August 2005 (Second Edition)
Part Number 365510-002

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   Summary of Contents for HP 273914-B21 - Smart Array 6404/256 RAID Controller

  • Page 1: User Guide

    HP Smart Array 6400 Series Controllers for Integrity Servers User Guide August 2005 (Second Edition) Part Number 365510-002...

  • Page 2

    © Copyright 2004, 2005 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents Hardware features ........................5 Board components ............................ 5 Expansion module components ........................6 Controller specifications and attributes ......................6 Overview of the installation procedure .................... 8 Quick installation procedure (Windows or Linux)................... 8 Installing the controller hardware ....................10 Before beginning the installation .......................

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Cache module LEDs ..........................31 Diagnostic tools ............................32 Electrostatic discharge ......................... 33 Preventing electrostatic discharge ......................33 Grounding methods to prevent electrostatic discharge .................. 33 Regulatory compliance notices ..................... 34 Federal Communications Commission notice....................34 FCC rating label..........................34 Class A equipment.........................

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Hardware features In this section Board components ........................... 5 Expansion module components ........................6 Controller specifications and attributes......................6 Board components Item ID Description Internal SCSI connector, port A1 (do not use simultaneously with item 3) Internal SCSI connector, port A2 (do not use simultaneously with item 4) External SCSI connector, port A1 (do not use simultaneously with item 1)

  • Page 6: Expansion Module Components, Controller Specifications And Attributes

    Expansion module components An expansion module is used to add two extra external channels to an SA6402 controller, converting it to an SA6404 controller. Item ID Description 0–7 Runtime LEDs (CR10–CR17). These are identical to the controller board runtime LEDs (on page 30). VHDCI connector, port B2 VHDCI connector, port B1 Connector to controller board...

  • Page 7

    RAID levels supported 0, 1, 1+0, 5, ADG Processor type PowerPC 405 at 266 MHz DDR SDRAM bus transfer rate Up to 2.0 GB/s at 266 MHz (DDR, 72 bit) Connector type 3.3-V, 64-bit, Wide PCI-X (compatible with PCI slot) PCI-X transfer rate Up to 1.0 GB/s at 133 MHz (64 bit) Number of SCSI channels...

  • Page 8: Overview Of The Installation Procedure, Quick Installation Procedure (windows Or Linux)

    Overview of the installation procedure In this section Quick installation procedure (Windows or Linux) ..................8 Quick installation procedure (Windows or Linux) Before installing the controller, refer to the support matrix on the HP website (http://www.hp.com/products1/serverconnectivity) to confirm that the server and operating system support the controller.

  • Page 9

    When you have finished installing the operating system as directed during the Express Setup procedure, remove the operating system CD and insert the Smart Setup media. Install the Integrity Support Pack ("Installing device drivers and Management Agents" on page 17). Controller installation is complete.

  • Page 10: Installing The Controller Hardware, Before Beginning The Installation, Preparing The Server, Installing The Controller Board

    Installing the controller hardware In this section Before beginning the installation ......................10 Preparing the server ..........................10 Installing the controller board ........................10 Connecting storage devices........................11 Before beginning the installation Before beginning the installation procedure, visit the HP website (http://www.hp.com/support) to confirm that you have the latest version of each driver and utility file needed.

  • Page 11: Connecting Storage Devices, Connecting Internal Storage

    Remove or open the access panel. Select an available 3.3-V PCI or PCI-X slot. If the controller is being hot-plugged, power down the slot. Remove the slot cover or open the hot-plug latch. Save the retaining screw if one is present. Slide the controller board along the slot alignment guide, and press the board firmly into the slot so that the contacts on the board edge are properly seated in the system board connector.

  • Page 12: Connecting External Storage, Scsi Cable Part Numbers

    For each SCSI bus, manually set the SCSI ID on each drive to a unique value in the range of 0 to 15, except 7 (which is reserved for controller use). For detailed instructions, consult the documentation that is provided with the drive. Attach a multi-device SCSI cable from the internal connector of the controller to the non-hot- pluggable hard drives.

  • Page 13: Updating The Firmware

    Updating the firmware In this section Methods for updating the firmware (Windows® or Linux®)................. 13 Methods for updating the firmware (Windows® or Linux®) To update the firmware on the server, controller, or hard drives, use Smart Components. The most recent version of a particular component is available on the support page of the HP website (http://www.hp.com/support).

  • Page 14: Configuring An Array, Introduction, Comparing The Utilities

    Configuring an array In this section Introduction ............................14 Comparing the utilities ..........................14 Using ORCA............................15 Using ACU ............................16 Introduction HP provides two utilities for manually configuring an array on a Smart Array controller: ORCA—A simple ROM-based configuration utility ACU—A versatile, browser-based utility that provides maximum control over configuration parameters NOTE: To copy a particular array configuration to several other servers on the same network, use ACR or...

  • Page 15: Using Orca

    Supported features ORCA Suitable for configuration while offline Supported procedures ORCA Creation and deletion of arrays and logical drives Assignment of RAID level Sharing of spare drives among several arrays Assignment of multiple spare drives per array Setting of stripe size Migration of RAID level or stripe size Configuration of controller settings Expansion of an array...

  • Page 16: Using Acu

    Press the Enter key to continue. You can now create another logical drive by repeating the previous steps. NOTE: Newly created logical drives are invisible to the operating system. To make the new logical drives available for data storage, format them using the instructions given in the operating system documentation. Using ACU For detailed information about using ACU, refer to the HP Array Configuration Utility User Guide.

  • Page 17: Installing Device Drivers And Management Agents, Systems Using Microsoft Windows, Installing Device Drivers

    Installing device drivers and Management Agents In this section Systems using Microsoft Windows......................17 Systems using Linux®..........................17 Systems using Microsoft Windows You can use the Integrity Support Pack to automatically install the device drivers and Management Agents, or you can install these items manually. The Integrity Support Pack is located on the Smart Setup media.

  • Page 18: Installing Management Agents

    Power up the system. As Linux boots, it recognizes the controller. Enter one of the following commands as appropriate to ensure that the driver is loaded correctly: Red Hat: #mkinitrd -f /boot/efi/efi/redhat/initrd-$(uname -r).img $(uname Novell (SLES): #mkinitrd -k /boot/vmlinux -i/boot/initr For Novell, enter the following command to confirm that the driver is active: #lsmod | grep cciss If the driver is active, the system responds by displaying cciss.

  • Page 19: Upgrading Or Replacing Controller Options, Replacing A Battery

    Upgrading or replacing controller options In this section Replacing a battery ..........................19 Replacing the expansion module......................20 Replacing a battery WARNING: There is a risk of explosion, fire, or personal injury if the battery pack is not properly handled. Refer to "Battery replacement notice (on page 38)" before installing or removing any item that contains a battery pack.

  • Page 20: Replacing The Expansion Module

    Lift the battery pack off the cache board (2). Remove the secondary cache battery pack: Unhook the wire retainer that holds the battery pack to the controller board (1). While holding the battery in one hand, pull the plastic retainer tabs up and push them through to the other side of the controller board (2).

  • Page 21

    Press firmly on the back of the expansion module to seat the expansion module connector securely in the socket on the controller board (3). Secure the expansion module to the controller board by inserting and tightening the appropriate screw (provided in the kit) in the back of the controller board (4). To remove the expansion module, reverse this procedure.

  • Page 22: Replacing, Moving, Or Adding Hard Drives, Identifying The Status Of A Hard Drive

    Replacing, moving, or adding hard drives In this section Identifying the status of a hard drive ......................22 Recognizing hard drive failure ......................... 23 Replacing hard drives ..........................24 Moving drives and arrays ........................27 Adding drives ............................28 Identifying the status of a hard drive When a drive is configured as a part of an array and connected to a powered-up controller, the condition of the drive can be determined from the illumination pattern of the hard drive status lights (LEDs).

  • Page 23: Recognizing Hard Drive Failure, Effects Of A Hard Drive Failure

    Activity Online LED Fault LED Interpretation LED (1) On or Flashing Do not remove the drive. Removing a drive may flashing terminate the current operation and cause data loss. The drive is rebuilding or undergoing capacity expansion. Do not remove the drive. The drive is being accessed, but (1) it is not configured as part of an array;...

  • Page 24: Compromised Fault Tolerance, Recovering From Compromised Fault Tolerance, Replacing Hard Drives

    RAID 0 configurations cannot tolerate drive failure. If any physical drive in the array fails, all non- fault-tolerant (RAID 0) logical drives in the same array will also fail. RAID 1+0 configurations can tolerate multiple drive failures as long as no failed drives are mirrored to one another.

  • Page 25: Factors To Consider Before Replacing Hard Drives, Automatic Data Recovery (rebuild)

    automatically (as indicated by the blinking Online LED on the replacement drive) if the array is in a fault- tolerant configuration. If you replace a drive belonging to a fault-tolerant configuration while the system power is off, a POST message is displayed when the system is next powered up. This message prompts you to press the F1 key to start automatic data recovery.

  • Page 26: Upgrading Hard Drive Capacity

    If another drive in the array fails while fault tolerance is unavailable during rebuild, a fatal system error may occur, and all data on the array is then lost. In exceptional cases, however, failure of another drive need not lead to a fatal system error. These exceptions include: Failure after activation of a spare drive Failure of a drive that is not mirrored to any other failed drives (in a RAID 1+0 configuration) Failure of a second drive in a RAID ADG configuration...

  • Page 27: Moving Drives And Arrays

    Replace any drive. The data on the new drive is recreated from redundant information on the remaining drives. CAUTION: Do not replace any other drive until data rebuild on this drive is complete. When data on the new drive has been rebuilt (the Activity LED turns off), repeat the previous step for the other drives in the array, one at a time.

  • Page 28: Adding Drives

    Open ACU and navigate to the controller that contained the RAID ADG volume. ACU displays the missing RAID ADG volume using a different icon to indicate that the volume is unavailable. Delete the RAID ADG volume. Accept the configuration change, and then close ACU. Power down the system.

  • Page 29

    When the expansion process has finished, you can use the liberated storage capacity on the enlarged array to create new logical drives. Alternatively, you can enlarge one of the original logical drives. This latter process is called logical drive capacity extension and is also carried out using ACU. Replacing, moving, or adding hard drives 29...

  • Page 30: Diagnosing Array Problems, Controller Board Runtime Leds

    Diagnosing array problems In this section Controller board runtime LEDs........................30 Cache module LEDs..........................31 Diagnostic tools ............................. 32 Controller board runtime LEDs NOTE: During server power-up, each runtime LED illuminates randomly until POST has finished. LED ID Color LED name and interpretation Amber CR100: Diagnostics Error LED.

  • Page 31: Cache Module Leds

    LED ID Color LED name and interpretation Amber CR11: Battery Status LED. For interpretation, refer to Cache module LEDs (on page 31). Green CR10: Battery Charging LED. For interpretation, refer to Cache module LEDs (on page 31). Controller CPU activity level Item 6 status Item 7 status 0–25%...

  • Page 32: Diagnostic Tools

    Item 1 Item 2 (green Interpretation (amber LED) LED) Slow blink This display pattern might occur after the system (once every is powered down. It indicates that the cache 16 seconds) contains data that has not yet been written to the drives.

  • Page 33: Electrostatic Discharge, Preventing Electrostatic Discharge, Grounding Methods To Prevent Electrostatic Discharge

    Electrostatic discharge In this section Preventing electrostatic discharge......................33 Grounding methods to prevent electrostatic discharge ................33 Preventing electrostatic discharge To prevent damaging the system, be aware of the precautions you need to follow when setting up the system or handling parts. A discharge of static electricity from a finger or other conductor may damage system boards or other static-sensitive devices.

  • Page 34: Regulatory Compliance Notices, Federal Communications Commission Notice, Fcc Rating Label, Class A Equipment

    Regulatory compliance notices In this section Federal Communications Commission notice ..................... 34 Canadian notice (Avis Canadien) ......................35 European Union regulatory notice ......................36 Disposal of waste equipment by users in private households in the European Union ........36 BSMI notice ............................37 Japanese notice .............................

  • Page 35: Declaration Of Conformity For Products Marked With The Fcc Logo, United States Only, Modifications, Cables

    To identify this product, refer to the part, series, or model number found on the product. Modifications The FCC requires the user to be notified that any changes or modifications made to this device that are not expressly approved by Hewlett-Packard Company may void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. Cables Connections to this device must be made with shielded cables with metallic RFI/EMI connector hoods in order to maintain compliance with FCC Rules and Regulations.

  • Page 36: European Union Regulatory Notice

    EMC Directive 89/336/EEC Compliance with these directives implies conformity to applicable harmonized European standards (European Norms) which are listed on the EU Declaration of Conformity issued by Hewlett-Packard for this product or product family. This compliance is indicated by the following conformity marking placed on the product: This marking is valid for non-Telecom products and EU harmonized Telecom products (e.g.

  • Page 37: Bsmi Notice, Japanese Notice

    BSMI notice Japanese notice Korean notice A&B Class A equipment Class B equipment Regulatory compliance notices 37...

  • Page 38: Battery Replacement Notice, Taiwan Battery Recycling Notice

    Battery replacement notice This component uses a nickel metal hydride (NiMH) battery pack. WARNING: There is a risk of explosion, fire, or personal injury if a battery pack is mishandled. To reduce this risk: Do not attempt to recharge the batteries if they are disconnected from the controller. Do not expose the battery pack to water, or to temperatures higher than 60°C (140°F).

  • Page 39: Acronyms And Abbreviations

    Acronyms and abbreviations Array Configuration Utility Advanced Data Guarding (also known as RAID 6) Array Diagnostics Utility DIMM dual inline memory module EBSU EFI-based setup utility extensible firmware interface electrostatic discharge EULA end user license agreement original equipment manufacturer ORCA Option ROM Configuration for Arrays PCI-X peripheral component interconnect extended...

  • Page 40

    RAID redundant array of inexpensive (or independent) disks RBSU ROM-Based Setup Utility Smart Array Systems Insight Manager VHDCI very high density cable interconnect Acronyms and abbreviations 40...

  • Page 41: Board Components, Index

    Index extending logical drive capacity 28 ACU (Array Configuration Utility) 16 adding drives 28 failure of hard drive 23, 26 array capacity expansion 28 fault tolerance, compromised 24 array controller installation overview 8 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) array, configuring 14 notice 34, 35 automatic data recovery (rebuild) 24, 25, 26 firmware, updating 13...

  • Page 42

    ORCA (Option ROM Configuration for Arrays) 15 overview of installation process 8 POST error messages 23 power requirements 6 rebuild, time required for 25, 26 regulatory compliance notices 34, 36 replacing hard drives 22, 24 replacing the batteries 19 ROM, updating 13 specifications, controller 6 static electricity 33 status lights, cache module 31...

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