Delta 46-745 Instruction Manual

Delta 46-745 Instruction Manual

Delta 16-inch variable speed wood lathe instruction manual


16" Variable Speed
Wood Lathe
(Models 46-745, 46-746, & 46-765X)
PART NO. 434-10-651-0008 - 04-02-03
Copyright © 2003 Delta Machinery
To learn more about DELTA MACHINERY
visit our website at:
For Parts, Service, Warranty or other Assistance,
1-800-223-7278 (
please call
In Canada call


Table of Contents

Summary of Contents for Delta 46-745

  • Page 1 16” Variable Speed Wood Lathe (Models 46-745, 46-746, & 46-765X) PATENT PENDING PART NO. 434-10-651-0008 - 04-02-03 Copyright © 2003 Delta Machinery To learn more about DELTA MACHINERY visit our website at: For Parts, Service, Warranty or other Assistance, 1-800-223-7278 ( 1-800-463-3582).
  • Page 2: Safety Guidelines - Definitions

    If you have any questions rela- tive to a particular application, DO NOT use the machine until you have first contacted Delta to determine if it can or should be performed on the product.
  • Page 3 USE RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES. The use OPERATING of accessories and attachments not recommend- ed by Delta may cause damage to the machine or injury to the user. USE THE PROPER EXTENSION CORD. Make sure your extension cord is in good condition.
  • Page 4 “ON”. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. and use them to instruct others 13. CLEAR THE LATHE BED OF ALL OBJECTS (tools, scraps of wood, etc.) before turning the machine “ON”. 14. EXAMINE THE SET-UP CAREFULLY before turning the machine “ON”.
  • Page 5: Power Connections

    DO NOT EXPOSE THE MACHINE TO RAIN OR OPERATE THE MACHINE IN DAMP LOCATIONS. Delta Model 46-745 (115 volt) and Delta Models 46-746 and 46-765X (230 volt) operate on 50/60 HZ alternating cur- rent and provide a no-load spindle speed of 0-3200 RPM. Before connecting your tool to the power source, make sure the switch is in the “OFF”...
  • Page 6: Extension Cords

    3. Grounded, cord-connected machines intended for use on a supply circuit having a nominal rating between 150 - 250 volts, inclusive: If the machine is intended for use on a circuit that has an outlet that looks like the one illustrated in Fig. C, the machine will have a grounding plug that looks like the plug illustrated in Fig.
  • Page 7: Functional Description

    FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION FOREWORD The Delta 46-745, 46-746, and 46-765X 16” adjustable speed wood lathes are big capacity machines, designed for industry, commercial shops, and schools, wherever a demand for continued accuracy and long life through safe, heavy- duty operation exists.
  • Page 8 ATTACHING END CAPS Attach the end caps, (A) Fig. 8, to both ends of the lathe with 1/4-20 x 1/2” button head screws (A) Fig. 9 (out- side) the lathe bed through the end caps to the 1/4-20 flange nut (inside) (B) Fig.
  • Page 9 (B) Fig. 10. Attach the Headstock (D) Fig. 11, Tool Rest (E) Fig. 11, and Tailstock (F) Fig. 11 to the lathe bed (G) Fig. 11. Notice the tool and centers storage areas located at (H) Fig.
  • Page 10: Tailstock Live Center

    TOOL REST The tool rest (A) and tool rest base (B) are shown in Fig. 16. To position the tool rest on the lathe bed, lift up clamp handle (C), move the tool rest base to the desired position and lock in place by pushing down on handle (C).
  • Page 11: Locking Switch In The "Off" Position

    Although an optional dynamic brake is mentioned in the manual provided with the Baldor Adjustable Speed Controller, Delta does not recommend the use of any optional brake systems on the lathe. Further, DO NOT CHANGE OR ADJUST the con- troller settings that have been pre-set at the factory.
  • Page 12: Changing Speed Ranges

    6. The REVERSE (REV) button is used FOR SANDING PURPOSES ONLY. NOTE: When using the faceplate, be certain that the faceplate locking screw (A) Fig. 23 is tight. NOTE: To remove faceplate, loosen the set screw (A) Fig. 23 two full turns. Use the supplied wrench (B) Fig.
  • Page 13: Operation

    The following directions will give the inexperienced operator a beginning point for common lathe operations. Practice on scrap material before attempting serious work. LATHE TOOLS Standard wood turning tools come in several different configurations (Fig. 26). The majority of turnings will require the gouge tool (A) Fig.
  • Page 14: Mounting The Work

    Place the lubricant on the wood either before or after it is put on the lathe. Many turners use beeswax, tallow, or a wax-and-oil mixture as a lubricant. A ball bearing center is ideal because it eliminates lubricating.
  • Page 15: Roughing A Cylinder

    ROUGHING A CYLINDER The large gouge is used in the first turning operation by smoothing the sharp corners of the work. Run the lathe at low speed and hold the gouge in the manner shown in Fig. 33 The cut starts about 2 inches from the tailstock end and continues from this point to the end of the tail- stock.
  • Page 16: Smoothing A Cylinder

    SMOOTHING A CYLINDER To smooth a cylinder, use a large skew chisel. This requires practice, but experience with this tool is very important. Place the cutting point near the center of chisel and high on the work (Fig. 38). Sometimes, in striv- ing for a certain position in relation to the work, the beginner will often overlook this all-important point.
  • Page 17 Cutting beads quickly and accurately with the small skew is one of the most difficult lathe operations. Various working methods can be used . The first cut is a vertical incision at the point where the two curved sur- faces will eventually come together.
  • Page 18 VEE GROOVES Cutting the vee groove demands much the same technique as the bead, except the skew is hinged straight into the work without rotation (Fig. 51). Only one-half of the vee is made at a time, and one, two, or more cuts may be needed on each side to obtain the desired shape.
  • Page 19 The gouge is placed on edge on the tool rest so that the grind of the chisel forms an approximate right angle with the work (Figs. 57). The chisel contacts the work at the center of the cutting edge. Hold the tool so that the centerline of the gouge is pointing directly toward the center of the revolving stock.
  • Page 20: Faceplate Turning

    3. Lift the motor slightly and slide the headstock to the end of the lathe bed. (See also Fig. 69) 4. Move the handle (A) Fig. 69 back down to secure the headstock in place.
  • Page 21: Maintenance

    3. While holding the motor (A) Fig. 73 with one hand, use a 9/16” wrench (B) to remove nut (C). Lift motor (A) and remove belt from motor pulley. 4. Pull motor (A) Fig. 73 out, bring it around the back of the lathe, and place it on the lathe bed (Fig. 74) turnings.
  • Page 22 Fig. 75 5. Use a Phillips screwdriver (A) Fig. 75 to remove the five cover screws (B) (three of which are shown). The other two screws are located under the power cords. 6. With a 5/16” Allen wrench (A) Fig 75, remove Allen screw (B) Fig. 76. NOTE: When re-assembling, make sure that the screw passes completely through the pivoting control bracket and into the headstock, allowing the headstock cover to pivot.
  • Page 23: Parts, Service Or Warranty Assistance

    Two Year Limited New Product Warranty Delta will repair or replace, at its expense and at its option, any new Delta machine, machine part, or machine accessory which in normal use has proven to be defective in workmanship or material, provided that the customer returns the prod- uct prepaid to a Delta factory service center or authorized service station with proof of purchase of the product within two years and provides Delta with reasonable opportunity to verify the alleged defect by inspection.
  • Page 24 Delta products should be obtained by contacting any Porter-Cable · Service Center, or Porter-Cable Delta Factory Service Center. If you do not have access to any of these, call 800-223-7278 and you will · be directed to the nearest Porter-Cable Delta Factory Service Center.

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