Yamaha. This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product.
ISAVING USER DATA • Always save data to an external device such as the Yamaha MIDI data ﬁler MDF3 frequently, in order to help prevent the loss of important data due to a malfunction or user operating error.
I DJ ... page 22 The DJ feature is an exciting new addition to the PSR-280, that puts a wealth of contemporary sounds and rhythms at your ﬁngertips. Pressing the [DJ] button instantly calls up one of the special DJ songs (“DJ GAME”) and a DJ style, and provides the appropriate voice and sound effects to match.
MIDI Functions... 67 • What Is MIDI? ... 67 • Connecting to a Personal Computer... 69 • Controlling PSR-280 Playback from an External Device — External Clock ... 70 • Using Bulk Dump Send to Save Data ... 71 • Using Initial Setup Send with a Sequencer... 73 •...
I Front Panel q Power switch ([STANDBY/ON]) w [MASTER VOLUME] dial This determines the overall volume of the PSR-280. e [TOUCH] button This turns the Touch function on and off. (See page 28.) Holding down this button allows you to adjust the Touch Sensitivity setting.
!4 [SYNC STOP] button This turns the Sync Stop function on and off. (See page 39.) !5 [SYNC START] / [ PAUSE] button This turns the Sync Start function on and off. (See page 36.) In the Song mode, it is used to temporarily pause song playback.
I Connecting a Keyboard Ampliﬁer or Stereo System • • • • • • • Though the PSR-280 is equipped with a built-in speaker system, you can also play it through an external ampliﬁer/speaker system. First, make sure the PSR-280 and...
Voices Step 1 Guide Playing the Piano Simply by pressing the [Piano] button, you can automatically reset the entire PSR-280 for piano play. Press the [Piano] button. Play the keyboard. Want to ﬁnd out more? See page 20. G Panel Voice List...
Selecting and Playing Other Voices The PSR-280 has a huge total of 256 dynamic and realistic instrument voices. Let’s try a few of them out now... Press the [VOICE] button. Playing with the DJ Feature The exciting new DJ feature gives you a full variety of dance and DJ sounds — letting you create your own real-time mixes and groove along with various contemporary rhythms.
Playing the Songs The PSR-280 is packed with a total of 105 songs, including ﬁve User songs to which you can record your own performances, plus 100 songs that not only showcase the high-quality sound of the PSR-280 but can also be used with the educational Lesson feature.
Recording Your Own Song Much like a multi-track tape recorder, the PSR-280 lets you play and record the individual parts of your own song in real time. Select the desired User song (101 - 105) for recording. Simultaneously hold down the [RECORD] button and press the desired track number button ( - ).
The powerful yet easy-to-use Auto Accompaniment features give you pro- fessional instrumental backing for your performances. Simply play chords with your left hand — and the PSR-280 automatically produces appropriate bass, chord and rhythm backing. Use your right hand to play melodies, and you’ll sound like an entire band!
Looking up Chords in the Dictionary The convenient Dictionary function teaches you how to play chords by showing you the individual notes. In the example below, we’ll learn how to play a GM7 chord... Keys for entering the chord type (C3 — B4) the chord root (C5 —...
Lesson 1 — Timing ..This lesson step lets you practice just the timing of the notes. Lesson 2 — Waiting ..In this lesson step, the PSR-280 waits for you to play the correct notes before continuing Lesson 3 —...
Press the [TEMPO/TAP] button. Use the numeric keypad to set the desired tempo. • The PSR-280 also has a convenient Tap Tempo function that allows you to “tap” a new tempo in real time. (See page 36.)
Panel Display Indications The PSR-280 features a large multi-function display that shows all important settings for the instrument. The section below brieﬂy explains the various icons and indications in the display. Touch indicator Overall indicator Harmony indicator Sync Stop indicator...
In song recording and playback, these indicate the sta- tus of the tracks. (See page 56.) Music Stand Insert the bottom edge of the included music stand into the slot located at the top rear of the PSR-280 control panel. Panel Display Indications !0 Touch indicator This appears when the Touch function is turned on.
Portable Grand This convenient function lets you instantly call up the Grand Piano voice. Playing the Portable Grand Press the [Piano] button. Doing this automatically cancels any other mode or function, and resets the entire instrument for playing the special “Stereo Sampled Piano” Grand Piano voice. It automatically calls up song #051 (Melody in F) and style #086 (Stride).
(see chart at right). Adjusting the Metronome Volume You can adjust the volume of the Metronome sound independently of the other PSR-280 sounds. The volume range is 000 - 127. Call up the Metronome Volume setting.
This exciting feature lets you instantly call up a dynamic DJ voice and style for playing contem- porary dance music. Playing the DJ Press the [DJ] button. Doing this automatically resets the entire instrument for playing the spe- cially programmed DJ song and voice. Turn on the Lesson feature, and select a Lesson step.
There’s also a Touch Sensitivity control (page 28), which determines how the voices respond to your playing technique. The PSR-280 also includes special Drum Kit voices — #119 - #128 — that let you play various drum and per- cussion sounds from the keyboard. (Refer to the Drum Kit Voice chart on page 82.) When a voice is selected, the most suitable DSP Type (page 30) and Harmony Type (page 31) for the voice are automatically called up.
Playing Voices There are two ways to select voices: 1) directly entering the voice number with the numeric keypad, or 2) using the [+]/[-] buttons to step up and down through the voice numbers. I Using the numeric keypad Enter the digits of the voice number as indicated on the panel. For example, to select voice #109, press “1”...
About Panel Voices and GM Voices Keep in mind that the PSR-280 has two separate sets of voices: 128 Panel voices and 128 GM (General MIDI) Voices. The GM Voices can also be used for optimum playback of GM-compatible song data. This means that any GM song data (played from a sequencer or other MIDI device) will sound just as the composer or programmer intended.
It also determines the pitch of the songs. This allows you to easily match the pitch of the PSR-280 to other instruments or singers, or play in a different key without changing your ﬁngering. The Transpose settings can be adjusted over a range of ±...
I Tuning • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Tuning determines the ﬁne pitch setting of both the main voice and the bass/chord accompaniment of the selected style.
Turn the Touch function on or off as desired by pressing the [TOUCH] but- ton. Touch Sensitivity lets you set how the PSR-280 responds to your playing strength, allowing you to customize this expressive function to suit your own playing style.
Effects The PSR-280 is equipped with a wide variety of effects that can be used to enhance the sound of the voices. The PSR-280 has three separate effect systems — Reverb, DSP, and Harmony — and each has many different effect types to choose from.
DSP Types, see page 32.) To turn the DSP effect off, select DSP Type #39. Current DSP Type name and number. • Each voice of the PSR-280 has its own independent DSP setting. • Fifty-one additional DSP Types are available when controlling the PSR-280 from a MIDI device.
Harmony The Harmony section features a variety of performance effects that enhance the melodies you play when using the accompaniment styles of the PSR-280. A total of twenty-six Harmony types are available. Tremolo, Trill and Echo effects can be used even if accompaniment is off.
F#2 and lower) is for the auto accompaniment function. The PSR-280 also features the convenient Dictionary function (page 45). Dictionary provides you with a built- in “chord encyclopedia” that teaches you how to play any chord you specify by showing you the appropriate notes in the display.
Playing the Accompaniment The panel buttons below function as accompaniment controls. Pressing this button alter- nately enables and can- cels the bass and chord accompaniment. (See below.) Pressing this button alter- nately enables and can- cels the Sync Stop function. (See page 39.) Turn on the auto accompaniment.
[TEMPO/TAP] button twice at the desired tempo. I Using Sync Start The PSR-280 also has a Sync Start function that allows you to start the rhythm/accompaniment by simply pressing a key on the keyboard. To use Sync Start, ﬁrst press the [SYNC START] button (the beat marks all ﬂash to indicate Sync Start stand-by), then press any key on the keyboard.
2) Press the [INTRO/ENDING] button. To actually start the Intro section and accompaniment, press the [START/STOP] button. Using Sync Start with an Intro section You can also use the Sync Start function with the special Intro section of the selected style. To use Sync Start with an Intro section: 1) Press the [MAIN/AUTO FILL] button —...
Auto Accompaniment Change chords using the auto accompaniment feature. Try playing a few successive chords with your left hand, and notice how the bass and chord accompaniment change with each chord you play. (Refer to page 42 for more information on how to use auto accompaniment.) Stop the accompaniment.
Sync Stop This convenient feature lets you stop (or pause) the auto accompaniment by releasing your ﬁngers from the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard. Playing the chord again restarts the auto accompaniment. This is ideal for putting dynamic breaks in your performance — for example, stopping the rhythm and accompaniment brieﬂy while you play a melodic break or solo with your right hand.
Auto Accompaniment Changing the Tempo The tempo of style playback can be adjusted over a range of 32 - 280 bpm (beats per minute). Call up the Tempo setting. Press the [TEMPO/TAP] button. Change the value. Use the numeric keypad to set the desired Tempo value, or use the [+]/[-] buttons to increase or decrease the value.
About the Fill-in Patterns If you press the [MAIN/AUTO FILL] button before beat 4... beat If you press the [MAIN/AUTO FILL] button here, after beat 4... Adjusting the Accompaniment Volume The playback volume of the accompaniment can be adjusted. This volume con- trol affects only the accompaniment volume.
(see Single Finger Chords below). The Fingered technique is that of conventionally playing all the notes of the chord. Whichever method you use, the PSR-280 “understands” what chord you indicate and then automatically generates the accompaniment.
Chord Name/[Abbreviation] Major [M] Add ninth [(9)] Sixth  Sixth ninth [6(9)] Major seventh [M7] Major seventh ninth [M7(9)] Major seventh add sharp eleventh [M7(#11)] Flatted ﬁfth [(b5)] Major seventh ﬂatted ﬁfth [M7b5] Suspended fourth [sus4] Augmented [aug] Major seventh augmented [M7aug] Minor [m] Minor add ninth [m(9)] Minor sixth [m6]...
Auto Accompaniment Setting the Split Point The Split Point determines the highest key for the auto accompaniment section. The accompaniment can be played with the keys up to and including the Accom- paniment Split Point key. Auto accompani- ment section Select the Split Point control.
Dictionary The Dictionary function is essentially a built-in “chord book” that shows you the individual notes of chords. It is ideal when you know the name of a certain chord and want to quickly learn how to play it. Press the [Dict.] button. Specify the root of the chord.
Auto Accompaniment Play the chord. Play the chord (as indicated in the display) in the auto accompaniment sec- tion of the keyboard. The chord name ﬂashes in the display (and a “congrat- ualtions” melody is played) when the correct notes are held down. (Inversions for many of the chords are also recognized.) To leave the Dictionary function, press the [Dict.] button again.
Beautiful sounding harmonies can be built in this manner. The use of intervals and chords is one of the most important elements in music. A wide variety of emotions and feelings can be created depending on the types of chords used and the order in which they are arranged. •...
Registration Memory is a ﬂexible and convenient function that lets you instantly reconﬁgure virtually all settings of the PSR-280 with the touch of a single button. Simply save your favorite custom panel settings to one of the Registration Memory presets (up to sixteen are available) for future recall.
Selecting and Playing Songs The PSR-280 features a total of 105 songs. These include 100 songs that showcase the rich and dynamic sounds of the instrument, and all 100 of these songs can be used with the educa- tional Lesson feature (page 60), a powerful tool that makes learning songs fun and easy. Ten of the songs are special Demonstration songs that can be played automatically by pressing the [DEMO] button.
Start the selected song. Press the [START/STOP] button. As the song plays back, the measure num- ber and chords are shown in the display. Stop the song. Press the [START/STOP] button. If playback was started by pressing the [START/STOP] button, the selected song stops automatically. A-B Repeat The convenient A-B Repeat function is an ideal aid for practicing and learning.
Press the [A-B REPEAT] button. Melody Voice Change The PSR-280 lets you play a melody on the keyboard along with each of the songs, either with the original melody voice or one of your own selection. The convenient Melody Voice Change feature takes this one step further — it lets you replace the original voice used for the melody of the song with the panel voice of your own selection.
Press and hold down the [VOICE] button for at least one second. “MELODY VOICE CHANGE” appears in the display, indicating that the selected panel voice has replaced the song’s original melody voice. Changing the Tempo The tempo of song playback can be adjusted over a range of 32 - 280 bpm (beats per minute).
Selecting and Playing Songs Adjusting the Song Volume The playback volume of the song can be adjusted. This volume control affects only the song volume. The volume range is 000 - 127. Select the Song Volume function. Press the right Overall button, repeatedly if necessary, until “SONG VOL” appears in the display.
— for creating your own complete, fully orchestrated compositions. You can record and save up to ﬁve User songs. Song recording on the PSR-280 is similar to using a tape recorder; whatever you play on the keyboard is recorded in real time as you play it. Also, when you record subsequent parts to other tracks, you can hear the previously recorded parts as you record new ones.
Select a User song for recording. Use the numeric keypad to select the desired song: 101 - 105. If no song is manually selected, the PSR-280 automatically selects the ﬁrst available empty song number. Select a track number for recording.
I Recording to a Melody Track (1 - 5) Five independent Melody tracks are provided for recording your keyboard performance. Normally, you’ll want to record these after you’ve recorded the Chord track. You can also record the Chord track and one of the Melody tracks simultaneously.
Song Recording Song Clear The Song Clear operation completely erases all recorded data on all tracks of a selected User song. Use this operation only when you’re sure you want to erase a song and record a new one. To erase an individual track of a song while leaving the other tracks intact, use the Track Clear operation (page 59).
Track Clear The Track Clear operation completely erases all recorded data on a selected track of a selected User song, leaving the other tracks intact. Use this operation only when you’re sure you want to erase a track and record a new one. To erase the data of an entire song, use the Song Clear operation (page 58).
I Lesson 2 — Waiting In this lesson step, the PSR-280 waits for you to play the correct notes before continuing playback of the song. I Lesson 3 — Minus One This lesson step plays back the song with one part muted, letting you play and master the missing part yourself —...
65). After a short pause, the Lesson begins again automati- cally. Press the [START/STOP] button to stop the Lesson. The PSR-280 exits from the Lesson feature automatically when the [START/ STOP] button is pressed. Song Lesson (Song Lesson off) •...
In Lesson 1, simply play one note repeatedly in time with the music. Regarding chords and the use of the left hand, the PSR-280 actually has two different types of songs: 1) songs with normal left-hand chords, and 2) songs in which the left hand plays arpeggios or melodic ﬁgures in combination...
Lesson 2 — Waiting In this lesson step, the PSR-280 waits for you to play the correct notes before con- tinuing playback of the song. This lets you practice reading the music at your own pace. The notes to be played are shown in the display, one after another, as you play them correctly.
Song Lesson Play the appropriate part with the song. After the lead-in, the song starts automatically, and the appropriate notes appear in the display. In Lesson 3, listen carefully to the un-muted part, and play the muted part yourself. Lesson 4 — Both Hands Lesson 4 is a “Minus One”...
Four grades are assigned, depending on your performance: “OK,” “Good,” “Very Good,” and “Excellent.” When the Talking function (page 66) is on, the PSR-280 also “announces” your grade. Select the Grade function. Press the left Overall button, repeatedly if necessary, until “GRADE”...
Talking This feature “talks” to you through the speakers, “announcing” the Grade comments as well as the titles of the Lesson steps and the names of certain functions. Select the Talking function. Press the left Overall button, repeatedly if necessary, until “TALKING” appears in the display.
MIDI Functions The PSR-280 is MIDI-compatible, featuring MIDI IN and MIDI OUT terminals and providing a variety of MIDI-related controls. By using the MIDI functions you can expand your musical possibilities. This section explains what MIDI is, and what it can do, as well as how you can use MIDI on your PSR-280.
Note, Control Change, Program Change and various other types of MIDI data, or messages. The PSR-280 can control a MIDI device by transmitting note related data and var- ious types of controller data. The PSR-280 can be controlled by the incoming...
Connecting to a Personal Computer By connecting your PSR-280’s MIDI terminals to a personal computer, you can have access to a wide variety of music software. When using a MIDI interface device installed in the personal computer, connect the MIDI terminals of the personal computer and the PSR-280.
Master (MIDI device) Normally, the PSR-280 is set up to control another MIDI device, such as in play- ing the sounds of an external tone generator. You can also control the PSR-280 from an external device, such as playing back song data on a sequencer using the voices of the PSR-280, or playing the PSR-280 voices from a separate MIDI key- board or controller.
PSR-280. Essentially, this takes a “snapshot” of the PSR-280 settings and sends that data to the sequencer. By recording this “snapshot” at the start of the song (before any actual perfor- mance data), you can instantly restore the necessary settings on the PSR-280.
This would come in handy, for example, when recording notes to MIDI sequencer. If you are using the sequencer to play back the voices of the PSR-280, you would want to set this to “off” — in order to avoid getting “double” notes, both from the keyboard and from the sequencer.
ON and keys are played in the auto accompaniment section of the keyboard. The PSR-280 is polyphonic up to a maximum of 32 notes. If the Dual voice or Split voice is being used and a style or song is playing back at the same time, some notes/sounds may be omitted (or “stolen”)
I Data Backup • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Except for the data listed below, all PSR-280 panel settings are reset to their initial settings whenever the power is turned on.
I Maximum Polyphony • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • The PSR-280 has 32-note maximum polyphony. This means that it can play a maximum of up to 32 notes at once, regardless of what functions are used.
Voice List Bank Select MIDI Voice Program Change# SYNTH LEAD SYNTH PAD PERCUSSION SPLIT DRUM KITS G GM Voice List Voice Name Voice Ocarina Square Lead Sawtooth Lead Voice Lead Crystal Brightness Analog Lead Fantasia Bell Pad Xenon Pad Angels Dark Moon Vibraphone Marimba...
Bank Select MIDI Voice Program Voice Name Change# Synth Strings 2 Choir Aahs Voice Oohs Synth Voice Orchestra Hit BRASS Trumpet Trombone Tuba Muted Trumpet French Horn Brass Section Synth Brass 1 Synth Brass 2 REED Soprano Sax Alto Sax Tenor Sax Baritone Sax Oboe...
Voice List G DJ Voice List No.1 DJ_Kit Note # Key # Bank Select 036 – 047 C1 – B1 048 – 059 C2 – B2 DJ game Song No. MIDI Category Name Prg # Drum Loop Scratch Human Voice Talking Voice Human Voice Talking Voice...
Style List Serial No. Style Name 8BEAT 8Beat Pop 1 8Beat Pop 2 8Beat Uptempo 8Beat Standard Folkrock Pop Rock 8Beat Medium 16BEAT 16Beat Shuffle 1 16Beat Shuffle 2 16Beat Pop Funk 1 BALLAD 8Beat Ballad Epic Ballad Piano Ballad 16Beat Ballad 1 16Beat Ballad 2 Soul Ballad...
Drum Kit List • “ ” indicates that the drum sound is the same as “Standard Kit 1”. • “ ” indicates that in the column on the immediate left. • Each percussion voice uses one note. • The MIDI Note # and Note are actually one octave lower than listed. For example, in “119: Standard Kit 1”, the “Seq Click H”...
Voice# Bank MSB# Bank LSB# Program Change# Keyboard MIDI Alternate Standard Kit 1 assign Note# Note Note# Note C# -1 Surdo Mute Surdo Open D# -1 Hi-Q Whip Scratch H F# -1 Scratch L Finger Snap G# 0 G# -1 Click Metronome Click A# -1...
MIDI Implementation Chart YAMAHA [ Portable Keyboard ] Model PSR-280 Function... Basic Default Channel Changed Default Mode Messages Altered Note Number : True voice ************** Velocity Note ON Note OFF After Key's Touch Ch's Pitch Bend 0,32 o 6,38 x...
NOTE: *1 By default (factory settings) the PSR-280 ordinarily functions as a 16- channel multi-timbral tone generator, and incoming data does not affect the panel voices or panel settings. However, the MIDI messages listed below do affect the panel voices, auto accompaniment, and songs.
* By using an external sequencer, which is capable of editing and transmitting the system exclusive messages and parameter changes, you can select the Reverb, Chorus and DSP effect types which are not accessible from the PSR-280 panel itself. When one of the effects is selected by the external sequencer, “ - ” will be shown on the display.
• 12cm x 2 + 3cm x 2 Power Consumption • 15 W (when using PA-3B power adaptor) Power Supply • Adaptor : Yamaha PA-3B AC power adaptor • Batteries : Six “D” size, SUM-1, R-20 or equivalent batteries Dimensions (W x D x H) •...
PSR SERIES OF PORTATONE ELECTRONIC KEYBOARDS If during the ﬁrst 90 days that immediately follows the purchase date, your new Yamaha product covered by this warranty is found to have a defect in material and/or workmanship, Yamaha and/or its authorized representative will repair such defect without charge for parts or labor.
For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor listed below. Pour plus de détails sur les produits, veuillez-vous adresser à Yamaha ou au distributeur le plus proche de vous ﬁgurant dans la liste suivante. NORTH AMERICA CANADA Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.