WARNING: First read the-Safety Precautions-section of this manual. If some unforeseen circumstance creates a
conflict between the servicing and safety precautions, always follow the safety precautions.
WARNING: An electrolytic capacitor installed with the wrong polarity might explode.
1. Servicing precautions are printed on the cabinet.
2. Always unplug the units AC power cord from the
AC power source before attempting to:
(a) Remove or reinstall any component or assembly
(b) Disconnect an electrical plug or connector
(c) Connect a test component in parallel with an
3. Some components are raised above the printed
circuit board for safety.
tape is sometimes used. The internal wiring is
sometimes clamped to prevent contact with
thermally hot components. Reinstall all such
elements to their original position.
4. After servicing, always check that the screws,
components and wiring have been correctly
reinstalled. Make sure that the portion around the
serviced part has not been damaged.
Precautions for Electrostatically Sensitive Devices (ESDs)
1. Some semiconductor (solid state) devices are easily
damaged by static electricity.
are called Electrostatically Sensitive Devices
(ESDs); examples include integrated circuits and
techniques will reduce the occurrence of component
damage caused by static electricity.
2. Immediately before handling any semiconductor
components or assemblies, drain the electrostatic
charge from your body by touching a known earth
ground. Alternatively, wear a discharging wrist-
strap device. (Be sure to remove it prior to applying
power - this is an electric shock precaution.)
3. After removing an ESD-equipped assembly, place
it on a conductive surface such as aluminum foil to
prevent accumulation of electrostatic charge.
4. Do not use freon-propelled chemicals. These can
generate electrical charges that damage ESDs.
5. Use only a grounded-tip soldering iron when
soldering or unsoldering ESDs.
An insulation tube or
5. Check the insulation between the blades of the AC
plug and accessible conductive parts
(examples : metal panels and input terminals).
6. Insulation Checking Procedure:
Disconnect the power cord from the AC source and
turn the power switch ON. Connect an insulation
resistance meter (500V) to the blades of AC plug.
The insulation resistance between each blade of the
AC plug and accessible conductive parts (see
above) should be greater than 1 megohm.
7. Never defeat any of the B+ voltage interlocks.
Do not apply AC power to the unit (or any of its
assemblies) unless all solid-state heat sinks are
8. Always connect an instrument's ground lead to the
instrument chassis ground before connecting the
positive lead ; always remove the instrument's
ground lead last.
6. Use only an anti-static solder removal device.
Many solder removal devices are not rated as anti-
static; these can accumulate sufficient electrical
charge to damage ESDs.
7. Do not remove a replacement ESD from its
protective package until you are ready to install it.
Most replacement ESDs are packaged with leads
that are electrically shorted together by conductive
foam, aluminum foil or other conductive materials.
8. Immediately before removing the protective
material from the leads of a replacement ESD,
touch the protective material to the chassis or
circuit assembly into which the device will be
9. Minimize body motions when handling unpackaged
replacement ESDs. Motions such as brushing
clothes together, or lifting a foot from a carpeted
floor can generate enough static electricity to
damage an ESD.