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Polaris Sportsman 9922237 Owner's Manual

Polaris industries 2010 all terrain vehicle owner's manual
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  • Page 2 WARNING The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. A card containing important ATV safety information should be attached to the owner's manual on the next page. If you cannot locate this card, or if it has been removed, please call 1-800-342- 3764 for assistance.
  • Page 3 The text is printed on 100% recycled with 40% post-consumer waste (PCW).
  • Page 4 NEVER CARRY NEVER USE MORE THAN WITH DRUGS 1 PASSENGER OR ALCOHOL For your nearest Polaris dealer, call 1-800-POLARIS or visit Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Hwy 55 Medina, MN 55340 Phone 1-888-704-5290 Part No. 9922237 Rev 02 Printed in USA...
  • Page 5 ® • Victory Motorcycles ® We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and recre- ational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of experi- ence have gone into the engineering, design, and development of your Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we’ve ever produced.
  • Page 6 POLARIS, THE WAY OUT and SPORTSMAN are registered trademarks of Polaris Industries Inc. Copyright 2009 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant improvements in the design and quality of production components, some minor discrep- ancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in this publi- cation.
  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Specifications ......124 Polaris Products..... . . 126 Declaration of Conformity .
  • Page 8: Introduction

    The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words and sym- bols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the manual. The safety alert symbol indicates a potential personal injury hazard. WARNING A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in death or serious injury.
  • Page 9 Failure to heed the warnings and safety precautions contained in this manual can result in severe injury or death. A Polaris ATV is not a toy and can be hazardous to operate. This vehicle handles differently than other vehicles, such as motorcycles and cars.
  • Page 10: Vehicle Identification Numbers

    Record your vehicle's identification numbers and key number in the spaces provided. Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. An ignition key can be duplicated only by ordering a Polaris key blank (using your key number) and mating it with one of your existing keys.
  • Page 11: Safety

    You should review this information on a regular basis. If you purchased a used Polaris ATV in the United States, you can enroll in the ATV RiderCourse for a fee. Call ATV Enrollment Express at (800) 887-2887 or visit
  • Page 12: Safety

    Boots Helmet Wearing a helmet can prevent a severe head injury. Whenever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear a helmet that meets or exceeds established safety standards. Approved helmets in the USA and Canada bear a U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) label.
  • Page 13: Eye Protection

    Eye Protection Do not depend on eyeglasses or sunglasses for eye protection. When- ever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear shatterproof goggles or use a shatterproof helmet face shield. Polaris recommends wearing approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) bearing markings such as VESC 8, V-8, Z87.1, or CE.
  • Page 14: Safety Warnings

    SAFETY Safety Warnings WARNING Failure to operate the ATV properly can result in a collision, loss of control, accident or overturn, which may result in serious injury or death. Heed all safety warnings outlined in this section of the owner’s manual. See the OPERATION section of the owner’s manual for proper operating procedures.
  • Page 15: Handling Gasoline

    Safety Warnings Handling Gasoline Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions. • Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline. • Always refuel with the engine stopped, and outdoors or in a well ventilated area. • Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the area where refueling is performed or where gasoline is stored.
  • Page 16: Protective Apparel

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Protective Apparel Riding in this vehicle without wearing an approved helmet and protective eyewear increases the risk of a serious injuries in the event of an accident. Operator and passenger must always wear an approved helmet that fits properly and eye protection (goggles or face shield).
  • Page 17: Operating On Pavement

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Operating on Pavement Operating an ATV on paved surfaces (including sidewalks, paths, parking lots and driveways) may adversely affect the handling of the ATV and could result in loss of control and accident or overturn. Avoid operating the ATV on pavement. ATV tires are designed for off-road use.
  • Page 18: Physical Control Of The Atv

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Physical Control of the ATV Removing even one hand or foot can reduce ability to control the vehicle or could cause loss of balance and ejection from the ATV. If a person's feet are not firmly planted on the footrests, they could come into contact with the wheels or other moving parts and lead to accident or injury.
  • Page 19: Improper Hill Climbing

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Improper Hill Climbing Improper hill climbing could cause loss of control or overturn. Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in the owner's manual. See page 54. Descending Hills Improperly Improperly descending a hill could cause loss of control or overturn.
  • Page 20: Stalling While Climbing A Hill

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Stalling While Climbing a Hill Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly dismounting while climbing a hill could cause an overturn. • Always maintain a steady speed when climbing a hill. If all forward speed is lost: • Lean forward to keep body weight uphill. A passenger should also lean uphill.
  • Page 21: Operating On Slippery Terrain

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Operating on Slippery Terrain Failure to use extra caution when operating on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain could cause loss of traction, loss of control, accident or overturn. Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you've learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain.
  • Page 22: Skidding Or Sliding

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Improper Tire Maintenance Operating this ATV with improper tires or with improper or uneven tire pressure could cause loss of control or accident. Always use the size and type of tires specified for your ATV. Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in the owner's manual and on safety labels.
  • Page 23: Improper Cargo Loading

    Safety Warnings Operating Through Deep Water Operating the ATV through deep or fast- flowing water could cause the tires to float, causing loss of control or overturn. Avoid operating the ATV through deep or fast-flowing water. If it's unavoidable to enter water that exceeds the recommended maximum depth (see page 59):...
  • Page 24: Poor Visibility

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Operating on Frozen Bodies of Water Operating on frozen bodies of water may result in serious injury or death if the ATV and/or riders fall through the ice. Never operate the ATV on a frozen body of water.
  • Page 25: Operating A Damaged Atv

    SAFETY Safety Warnings Operating a Damaged ATV Operating a damaged ATV can result in an accident. After any overturn or accident, have a qualified service dealer inspect the entire machine for possible damage, including (but not limited to) brakes, throttle and steering systems. Physical Skills Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good judgement and physical skills.
  • Page 26: Age 16 Warning

    If an informational or graphic label becomes illegible or comes off, con- tact your Polaris dealer to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety labels are provided by Polaris at no charge. The part number is printed on the label. Age 16 Warning...
  • Page 28: Passenger Safety Warning

    Safety Labels and Locations Passenger Safety Warning WARNING PASSENGER SAFETY To reduce the risk of SEVERE INJURY or DEATH NEVER CARRY MORE THAN ONE PASSENGER NEVER RIDE AFTER USING DRUGS OR ALCOHOL NEVER carry a passenger too small to firmly plant feet on footrests and securely grasp hand holds.
  • Page 29: Rack Warning

    Safety Labels and Locations Rack Warning Rack Warning WARNING DO NOT TOW FROM RACK OR BUMPER. Vehicle damage or tipover may result causing severe injury or death. Tow only from tow hooks or hitch. Maximum Rack Loads: Front 90 lbs. (41 kg) Rear 180 lbs. (82 kg) Clutch Cover Warning WARNING •...
  • Page 30: Features And Controls

    FEATURES AND CONTROLS Switches Engine Headlight Switch Stop Switch Switch Mode/Reverse Override Main Key Switch Choke Switch Mode/Reverse Override Switch This vehicle is equipped with a reverse speed limiter system.To gain additional wheel speed while backing, depress the override switch. WARNING! Activating the override switch while the throttle is open can cause loss of control, which may result in serious injury or death.
  • Page 31: Engine Stop Switch

    FEATURES AND CONTROLS Switches Engine Stop Switch Move the stop switch either left or right to the OFF position to stop the engine quickly. The engine will not start or run when the switch is off. Both the main switch and the engine stop switch will shut off all electrical power to the vehicle, including lights.
  • Page 32 The throttle lever is spring loaded. Engine speed returns to idle when the lever is released. This ATV is equipped with Polaris Electronic Throttle Control (ETC), which is designed to reduce the risk of a frozen or stuck throttle. If the...
  • Page 33: Brake Lever

    FEATURES AND CONTROLS Brake Lever WARNING Operating the ATV with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of braking, which could cause an accident. Never operate the ATV with a spongy-feeling brake lever. Always contact your dealer for service before operating the vehicle. Squeeze the brake lever toward the handlebar to apply the front and rear brakes.
  • Page 34 FEATURES AND CONTROLS Master Cylinder/Brake Fluid WARNING An over-full master cylinder may cause brake drag or brake lock-up, which could result in an accident. Maintain brake fluid at the recommended level. Do not overfill. Never store or use a partial bottle of brake fluid. Brake fluid is hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture from the air.
  • Page 35: Parking Brake

    Parking Brake Locking the Parking Brake 1. Place the transmission in PARK. 2. Squeeze and release the brake lever two or three times, then squeeze and hold. 3. Push the parking brake lock forward to engage the lock. 4. Release the brake lever. 5.
  • Page 36 FEATURES AND CONTROLS Auxiliary Foot Brake WARNING Aggressively applying the auxiliary brake when backing down a hill may cause rear tipover, which could result in serious injury or death. Never back down a hill. Use caution when applying the auxiliary brake. Do not aggressively apply the auxiliary brake when going forward.
  • Page 37: Fuel Valve

    FEATURES AND CONTROLS Automatic Transmission Gear Selector The transmission gear selector is Gear Selector located on the right side of the vehicle. H: High Gear L: Low Gear N: Neutral R: Reverse P: Park To shift gears, brake to a complete stop. When the engine is idling, move the lever to the desired gear.
  • Page 38: Fuel Filter

    See your Polaris dealer for service. To remove the seat, pull the latch loop at the rear of the seat. Pull the seat upward to remove it from the vehicle.
  • Page 39: Engaging Awd

    FEATURES AND CONTROLS All Wheel Drive (AWD) System The All Wheel Drive system is controlled by the AWD switch. When the switch is on 2X4, the ATV is in two-wheel drive at all times. When the switch is on AWD, the ATV is in all wheel drive and the AWD indicator light in the instrument cluster will be Switch...
  • Page 40 FEATURES AND CONTROLS Instrument Cluster Your ATV is equipped with an instrument cluster that senses vehicle speed from a sensor in the transmission. In addition to showing vehicle speed, the speedometer needle flashes when a warning condition exists. The instrument cluster measures distance in miles as well as hours of operation.
  • Page 41: Instrument Cluster

    If this occurs, take the ATV to your Polaris dealer for proper diagno- sis. 1. Gear Indicator - This...
  • Page 42 FEATURES AND CONTROLS Instrument Cluster Rider Information Center Standard Modes Use the MODE button to toggle through the mode options. The reverse override button is also the MODE button. See page 26. The transmission cannot be in reverse when using this feature. Odometer Mode The odometer records the miles traveled by the ATV.
  • Page 43: Diagnostic Mode

    FEATURES AND CONTROLS Instrument Cluster Rider Information Center Diagnostic Mode The wrench icon will display when the gauge is in the diagnostic mode. To exit the diagnostic mode, turn the key switch off and on. Any move- ment of the tires will also cause the gauge to exit the diagnostic mode. To enter the diagnostics mode: 1.
  • Page 44 FEATURES AND CONTROLS Instrument Cluster Rider Information Center Diagnostic Mode Battery Voltage Screen View this screen to check battery voltage level. Tachometer Screen View the tachometer to check engine speed. AWD Diagnostic Screen The gauge indicates whether or not current is flowing through the AWD coil (only on models with switchable AWD).
  • Page 45 Instrument Cluster Rider Information Center Diagnostic Mode Programmable service interval To enable or disable the service interval: 1. Enter the diagnostic mode. 2. Toggle to the service interval screen. 3. Press and hold the mode button for about 7 seconds, until either ON or OFF appears in the Rider Information Center, depending on your preference.
  • Page 46: Operation

    Break-In Period The break-in period for your new Polaris ATV is the first ten hours of operation, or the time it takes to use the first two full tanks of gasoline. No single action on your part is as important as following the proce- dures for a proper break-in.
  • Page 47 Break-In Period Engine and Drivetrain Break-in 1. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline. See page 34. Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline. 2. Check the engine oil level on the dipstick. See page 72. Add oil if necessary to maintain the level between the safe and add marks. 3.
  • Page 48: Pre-Ride Checklist

    Ensure proper operation Ensure operation Ensure proper operation Inspect, clean Drain deposits whenever visible Check operation, apply Polaris dielec- tric grease when lamp is replaced Check operation, apply Polaris dielec- tric grease when lamp is replaced Wear approved helmet, goggles, and...
  • Page 49: Safe Operation Practices

    Safe Operation Practices 1. Complete the recommended safety training before operating this vehicle. See page 7. 2. Do not allow anyone under 16 years of age to operate this vehicle. Do not allow anyone with cognitive or physical disabilities to oper- ate this vehicle.
  • Page 50: Trail Etiquette

    Respect the environment in which you ride. Find out where the designated riding areas are by con- tacting your Polaris dealer, a local riding club or local officials. Help keep our trails open for recreational vehicle use. As an off-road enthusiast, you represent the sport and can set a good example (or a poor example) for others to follow.
  • Page 51: Starting The Engine

    Starting the Engine 1. Position the vehicle on a level surface outdoors or in a well-venti- lated area. 2. Place the transmission in PARK. 3. Lock the parking brake. Tip: The starter interlock will prevent the engine from starting if the transmission is in gear and the brake is not engaged.
  • Page 52: Cold Weather Operation

    Water in the bottom of the crankcase can lead to engine damage and must be drained. Water accu- mulation increases as outside temperature decreases. See your Polaris dealer for engine heater kits, which provide quicker warm-ups and easier starting in colder weather.
  • Page 53: Driving Procedures

    Driving Procedures 1. Wear protective riding gear. See page 8. 2. Perform the pre-ride inspection. See page 44. 3. Place the transmission in PARK. 4. Lock the parking brake. 5. Mount the vehicle from the left side. 6. Sit upright with both feet on the footrests and both hands on the handlebars.
  • Page 54: Driving With A Passenger

    OPERATION Driving with a Passenger 1. Never allow anyone under 12 years of age to ride as a passenger on this 2-up ATV. Make sure any passenger is tall enough to comfort- ably and safely reach the grab handles and footrests. 2.
  • Page 55 Driving with a Passenger 11. Ride to the ability of your passenger, instead of to your own ability. Avoid unexpected or aggressive maneuvers that could cause a pas- senger to fall from the vehicle. 12. Do not cross a hillside with a passenger on board. See page 55. 13.
  • Page 56: Turning The Vehicle

    OPERATION Turning the Vehicle Your ATV is equipped with a solid rear axle, which drives both rear wheels equally at all times. This means that the outside wheel must travel a greater distance than the inside wheel when turning, and the inside tire must slip traction slightly.
  • Page 57: Driving On Slippery Surfaces

    Driving on Slippery Surfaces Whenever riding on slippery surfaces such as wet trails or loose gravel, or during freezing weather, follow these precautions: 1. Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain. 2. Slow down when entering slippery areas. 3.
  • Page 58 OPERATION Driving Uphill Braking and handling are greatly affected when operating in hilly ter- rain. Improper procedure could cause loss of control or overturn. When- ever traveling uphill, follow these precautions: 1. Drive straight uphill. 2. Avoid steep hills (15° maximum). 3.
  • Page 59 Driving on a Sidehill (Sidehilling) Driving on a sidehill is not recommended. Improper procedure could cause loss of control or overturn. Avoid crossing the side of any hill unless absolutely necessary. If crossing a sidehill is unavoidable, follow these precautions: 1.
  • Page 60 OPERATION Turning Around on a Hill (K-Turn) If the vehicle stalls while climbing a hill, never back it down the hill! Use the K-turn to turn around. 8 ft. (2.4 m)
  • Page 61 Turning Around on a Hill (K-Turn) 1. Stop and lock the parking brake while keeping body weight uphill. 2. Leave the transmission in forward and shut off the engine. 3. If a passenger is on board, ask the passenger to dismount first, then the operator may dismount.
  • Page 62 OPERATION Driving Downhill When driving downhill, follow these precautions: 1. Avoid steep hills (15° maximum). 2. Always check the terrain carefully before descending a hill. 3. Always descend a hill with the transmission in forward gear. Do not descend a hill with the transmission in neutral. 4.
  • Page 63: Driving Through Water

    Driving Through Water Your ATV can operate through water with a maximum recommended depth equal to the bottom of the footrests. Follow these procedures when operating through water: 1. Determine water depths and current before entering water. 2. Choose a crossing where both banks have gradual inclines.
  • Page 64: Driving Over Obstacles

    Driving Over Obstacles Follow these precautions when operating over obstacles: 1. Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. 2. Look ahead and learn to read the terrain. Be constantly alert for haz- ards such as logs, rocks and low hanging branches. 3.
  • Page 65: Driving In Reverse

    Driving in Reverse Follow these precautions when operating in reverse: 1. Always check for obstacles or people behind the vehicle. Be aware that a passenger can obstruct your view. 2. Always avoid backing downhill. 3. Back slowly. 4. Apply the brakes lightly for stopping. 5.
  • Page 66: Parking On An Incline

    OPERATION Parking on an Incline Avoid parking on an incline if possible. If it's unavoidable, follow these precautions: 1. Stop the engine. 2. Place the transmission in PARK. 3. Lock the parking brake. 4. Always block the rear wheels on the downhill side. 5.
  • Page 67: Hauling Cargo

    OPERATION Hauling Cargo WARNING Overloading the vehicle or carrying or towing cargo improperly can alter vehicle handling and may cause loss of control or brake instability, which can result in serious injury or death. Always follow these precautions when hauling cargo: Never carry cargo on the rear rack when operating the ATV in the 2-up mode with a passenger.
  • Page 68 Hauling Cargo Never exceed the weight capacities specified for your ATV on warning labels and in the specifications sec- tion of this manual. 1. Cargo weight should be evenly distributed (1/3 on the front rack and 2/3 on the rear rack) and mounted as low as possible.
  • Page 69: Towing Loads

    ATV warranty. Never install a hitch longer than 4" (10 cm). Never install automotive accessories on your Polaris ATV. Always install Polaris- approved (or equivalent) accessories designed for ATV use. OPERATION Maximum...
  • Page 70: Emission Control Systems

    CFR 205) and local noise level requirements. Operation on Public Lands in the U.S.A. Your Polaris vehicle has a spark arrestor that was tested and qualified to be in accordance with the USFS standard 5100-1c. Federal law requires that this spark arrestor be installed and functional when the vehicle is operated on public lands.
  • Page 71: Maintenance

    Inspect, clean, lubricate, adjust and replace parts as necessary. When inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, use genuine Polaris parts available from your Polaris dealer. Record maintenance and service in the Maintenance Log beginning on page 136.
  • Page 72: Periodic Maintenance Chart

    Improperly performing the procedures marked with a component failure and cause an accident, which may result in serious injury or death. Always have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services. Maintenance Chart Key Perform these operations more often for vehicles subjected to severe use.
  • Page 73 Periodic Maintenance Chart Item Hours Calendar Air filter, main element Recoil housing (if applicable) Brake pad wear Battery Rear gearcase oil (if equipped) Transmission oil Demand drive fluid Engine breather filter (if equipped) General lubrication Carburetor float bowl Shift linkage Steering Front suspension Rear suspension...
  • Page 74 Fuel filter Spark arrestor Toe adjustment Headlight aim Perform these procedures more often for vehicles subjected to severe use. E Emission-Related Service Have an authorized Polaris dealer perform these services. Maintenance Interval (whichever comes first) Hours Calendar Miles (Km) 100 H 12 M 1000 (1600) Inspect;...
  • Page 75: Lubrication Guide

    However, if these components are subjected to severe use, grease zerks have been provided for additional lubrication at the user's discretion. Item Engine Oil Polaris Premium 4 Synthetic 0W40 Brake Fluid DOT 4 Only Transmission Oil...
  • Page 76: Engine Oil

    Although Polaris Premium 4 is the only oil recommended for use in this engine, use of any API certified SH oil is allowable as long as it's 0W- 40. Oil may need to be changed more frequently if Polaris Premium 4 is not used. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for ambient tem- perature operation.
  • Page 77: Oil Level

    Engine Oil Oil Level Access the oil dipstick and fill tube from the left side of the ATV. Tip: A rising oil level between checks in cool weather driving can indicate contaminants such as gas or mois- ture collecting in the crankcase. If the oil level is over the full/safe mark, change the oil immediately.
  • Page 78: Oil And Filter Change

    Engine Oil Oil and Filter Change Always change the oil and filter at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 67. 1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. 2. Start the engine. Allow it to idle for two to three minutes. 3.
  • Page 79 Engine Oil Oil and Filter Change 12. Place shop towels beneath the oil filter. Using an oil filter wrench, turn the filter counter-clockwise to remove it. 13. Make sure the o-ring from the old filter is completely removed from the engine. Using a clean dry cloth, clean the filter sealing sur- face on the crankcase.
  • Page 80: Oil Pump Priming

    MAINTENANCE Engine Oil Oil and Filter Change Oil Pump Priming This priming procedure must be performed whenever the oil hose connection between the oil tank and pump inlet has been disconnected. 1. Clamp or pinch off the vent line approximately 2" (5 cm) from the oil tank, between the end of the oil tank vent fitting and the vent line's pressure relief slit.
  • Page 81: Transmission Oil

    Periodic Maintenance Chart beginning on page 67. Maintain the oil level at the bottom of the fill plug hole threads. We recommend the use of Polaris Premium AGL Synthetic Gearcase Lubricant. See page 126 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
  • Page 82: Transmission Oil Change

    MAINTENANCE Transmission Oil Transmission Oil Change 1. Remove the fill plug. 2. Place a drain pan under the gearcase. 3. Remove the drain plug. Allow the oil to drain completely. 4. Clean and reinstall the drain plug. Torque to 20-25 ft. lbs. (27-34 Nm).
  • Page 83 Demand Drive Plus Fluid. Use of other fluids may result in improper operation of components. See page 126 for the part numbers of Polaris products. Maintain the fluid level at the bottom of the fill hole threads.
  • Page 84: Fluid Level

    Front Gearcase (Demand Drive) Fluid Fluid Level 1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. 2. Remove the fill plug. Check the fluid level. 3. Add the recommended demand drive fluid as needed to bring the level to the bottom of the fill hole threads. 4.
  • Page 85: Cooling System

    Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Premium 60/40 anti-freeze/cool- ant or a 50/50 mixture of high quality aluminum compatible anti-freeze/ coolant and distilled water. Polaris Premium 60/40 is already premixed and ready to use. Do not dilute with water. See page 126 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
  • Page 86 Cooling System Recovery Bottle Coolant The recovery bottle is located on the left side of the vehicle. 1. Remove the left side panel. See page 86. 2. Maintain the coolant level between the minimum and maximum marks on the bot- tle (when the fluid is cool).
  • Page 87: Radiator Coolant

    Radiator Coolant To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the engine, Polaris recommends that you drain the system completely every two years and add a fresh mixture of antifreeze and water. Replace the coolant any time the cooling system has been drained for maintenance or repair.
  • Page 88: Hand Brake

    Brakes Hand Brake The front and rear brakes are hydraulic disc brakes, activated by moving the single brake lever toward the handlebar. These brakes are self- adjusting. Under normal operation, the diaphragm extends into the reservoir as fluid level drops. If the fluid level is low and the diaphragm is not extended, a leak is likely and the diaphragm should be replaced.
  • Page 89: Toe Alignment

    1/8" to 1/4" (3-6 mm) toe out alignment. 5. Repeat the measurement procedure on the other side of the vehicle. 6. If you discover improper alignment, see your Polaris dealer for ser- vice. MAINTENANCE...
  • Page 90: Side Panel Removal

    MAINTENANCE Steering Assembly The steering assembly of the ATV should be checked periodically for loose nuts and bolts. If loose nuts and bolts are found, see your Polaris dealer for service before operating the vehicle. Side Panel Removal 1. Remove the seat.
  • Page 91: Wheel Removal

    Front Wheel Hub Tightening Front wheel bearing tightness and spindle nut retention are critical com- ponent operations. All service must be performed by your authorized Polaris dealer. Wheel Removal 1. Stop the engine. 2. Place the transmission in PARK.
  • Page 92: Wheel Installation

    MAINTENANCE Tires Wheel Installation 1. Place the transmission in PARK. 2. Lock the parking brake. 3. Place the wheel on the hub with the valve stem toward the outside and rotation arrows on the tire pointing toward forward rotation. 4. Install the wheel nuts and finger-tighten them. 5.
  • Page 93: Air Filter

    Air Filter 1. Remove the seat. 2. Release the air box cover clips, and remove the air box cover. 3. Loosen the clamp and remove the filter. 4. Remove the fabric type pre-filter from the main filter. Wash the pre- filter in soapy water, then rinse and let dry.
  • Page 94 MAINTENANCE Breather Filter/Hose The breather filter is on the hose that runs between the engine and air box. 1. Remove the left side panel. See page 86. 2. Remove the hose clamps from the filter and pull the filter out of the hoses. 3.
  • Page 95: Fuse Replacement

    Fuse Replacement Fuse If the engine stops or will not start, or if you experience other electrical failures, a fuse may need replacement. Spare fuses are provided in a com- partment on the top of the access door. 1. Open the front box cover and pull open the access door.
  • Page 96: Headlight Lamp Replacement

    MAINTENANCE Lights Poor lighting can result in reduced visibility when driving. Headlight and taillight lenses become dirty during normal operation. Clean head- lights frequently and replace burned out headlamps promptly. Always make sure lights are adjusted properly for best visibility. Headlight Lamp Replacement When servicing a halogen lamp, avoid touching the lamp with bare fin- gers.
  • Page 97: High Beam Adjustment

    Lights High Beam Adjustment The headlight beam can be adjusted slightly upward or downward. Use the following procedure to make the adjustment. 1. Position the vehicle on a level surface with the headlight approxi- mately 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a wall. Place the transmission in PARK. 2.
  • Page 98: Headlight Housing Replacement

    MAINTENANCE Lights Headlight Housing Replacement 1. Remove the two screws on the lower front corners of the headlight pod. 2. Lift the pod slightly while depressing the tabs at the rear of the pod. 3. Lift the pod cover and disconnect the speedometer harnesses from the speedometer.
  • Page 99: Lower Headlamp Replacement

    Lights Lower Headlamp Replacement 1. Turn the back of the headlight harness counter-clockwise and pull the harness assembly away from the headlight assembly. 2. Remove the headlamp and install the new headlamp. 3. Reinstall the harness assembly into the headlight assembly. 4.
  • Page 100: Spark Plugs

    Refer to the specifications section beginning on page 124 for the recom- mended spark plug type and gap for your vehicle. Torque spark plugs to specification. NOTICE: Using non-recommended spark plugs can result in serious engine damage. Always use Polaris-recommended spark plugs. Plug Condition New Spark Plug Previously Installed Spark Plug Spark Plug Inspection Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation.
  • Page 101 MAINTENANCE Spark Plugs Spark Plug Inspection Normal Spark Plug The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This indi- cates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service. The tip should not be flaky and white.
  • Page 102: Camber And Caster

    The camber and caster are non-adjust- able. Rear Spring The rear shock absorber spring is adjusted by rotating the adjuster either clockwise or counter-clockwise to increase or decrease spring tension. Tip: Accessory springs are available through your Polaris dealer. Adjuster...
  • Page 103 Follow the adjustment procedures exactly, or see your Polaris dealer for service. 1. Remove the upper headlight pod.
  • Page 104 Carburetor Your Polaris ATV is calibrated at the factory for optimal performance at altitudes ranging from zero to 6,000 feet (1800 m) and temperatures of +40 degrees F. (4 degrees C.) or higher. Above 6000 feet (1800 m) the engine air/fuel mixture becomes overly rich and the engine loses approximately 3% of its power for each 1000-foot (305 m) increase in elevation.
  • Page 105: Throttle Cable Freeplay

    Throttle Cable Freeplay Adjust throttle cable freeplay at the handlebar. 1. Locate the throttle cable adjuster at the handlebar. 2. Squeeze the end of the rub- ber boot and slide it far enough to expose the end of the inline cable adjuster. 3.
  • Page 106: Vehicle Immersion

    Vehicle Immersion If your vehicle becomes immersed, major engine damage can result if the machine is not thoroughly inspected. Take the vehicle to your dealer before starting the engine. If it's impossible to take your ATV to a dealer before starting it, follow the steps outlined below. 1.
  • Page 107: Spark Arrestor

    Spark Arrestor WARNING Failure to heed the following warnings while servicing the spark arrestor could result in serious injury or death. Never run the engine in an enclosed area. Remove any combustible materials from the area. Wear eye protection and leather work gloves.
  • Page 108: Pvt System

    • Always follow all recommended maintenance procedures. See your dealer as outlined in the owner's manual. • This PVT system is intended for use on Polaris products only. Do not install it in any other product. • Always make sure the PVT housing is securely in place during operation.
  • Page 109 MAINTENANCE PVT System The basic operation of the Polaris PVT system is dependent on engine speed and vehicle torque requirements. As engine speed increases, the force exerted on the movable drive sheave by the flyweights also increases. This, in turn, increases the amount of pinch applied to the drive belt.
  • Page 110: Pvt Drying

    MAINTENANCE PVT System When To Use Low Range and High Range Operating at speeds less than 7 MPH (11 km/h) Towing heavy loads Operating in rough terrain (swamps, mountains, etc.) Operating at speeds greater than 7 MPH (11 km/h) PVT Drying There may be some instances when water is accidently ingested into the PVT system.
  • Page 111 Battery WARNING Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result in an explosion and cause serious injury or death. When removing the battery, always disconnect the negative (black) cable first. When reinstalling the battery, always connect the negative (black) cable last. WARNING Battery electrolyte is poisonous.
  • Page 112: Battery Removal

    MAINTENANCE Battery Battery Removal 1. Remove the battery hold-down strap. 2. Remove the battery cover. 3. On conventional batteries, remove the battery vent tube. 4. Disconnect the black (negative) battery cable first. 5. Disconnect the red (positive) battery cable last. 6.
  • Page 113: Battery Installation

    Battery Battery Installation Using a new battery that has not been fully charged can damage the bat- tery and result in a shorter life. It can also hinder vehicle performance. Follow the battery charging instructions on page 111 before installing the battery.
  • Page 114: Battery Storage

    Tip: Power plug leads may need to be bent down so that the battery cover can be installed. Polaris recommends maintaining battery charge by using a Polaris Bat- tery Tender charger or by charging about once a month to make up for normal self-discharge.
  • Page 115 Battery Battery Charging (Conventional Battery) 1. Remove the battery from the vehicle to prevent damage from leak- ing or spilled electrolyte during charging. See page 108. 2. Charge the battery with a charging output no larger than 1/10 of the battery’s amp/hr rating.
  • Page 116 Battery Battery Charging (Sealed Battery) Always verify battery condition before and 1-2 hours after the end of charging. State of Voltage Charge 100% 12.8-13.0 volts 75%-100% 12.5-12.8 volts 50%-75% 12.0-12.5 volts 25%-50% 11.5-12.0 volts 0%-25% 11.5 volts or less Action specified on top of battery) None, check at 3 mos.
  • Page 117: Cleaning And Storage

    Do not allow these types of products to contact the vehicle. The best and safest way to clean your Polaris vehicle is with a garden hose and a pail of mild soap and water. 1. Use a professional-type washing cloth, cleaning the upper body first and the lower parts last.
  • Page 118: Polishing The Vehicle

    Polishing the Vehicle Polaris recommends the use of common household aerosol furniture polish for polishing the finish on your Polaris vehicle. Follow the instructions on the container. Polishing Tips • Avoid the use of automotive products, some of which can scratch the finish of your vehicle.
  • Page 119 Cleaning and Storage Chrome Wheel Care (if equipped) Proper maintenance will protect chrome wheels from corrosion, pre- serve wheel life and ensure a "like new" appearance for many years. Chrome wheels exposed to road salt (or salt in the air in coastal areas) are more susceptible to corrosion if not properly cleaned.
  • Page 120: Storage Tips

    113. Stabilize the Fuel 1. Fill the fuel tank. 2. Add Polaris Carbon Clean Fuel Treatment or Polaris Fuel Stabilizer. Follow the instructions on the container for the recommended amount. Carbon Clean removes water from fuel systems, stabilizes fuel and removes carbon deposits from pistons, rings, valves and exhaust systems.
  • Page 121: Fluid Levels

    6. If Polaris fuel system additive is not used, the fuel tank, fuel lines, and carburetor should be completely drained of gasoline. 7. To eliminate any fuel remaining in the carburetor, run the engine...
  • Page 122 Set the tire pressure and safely support the ATV with the tires slightly off the ground. Be sure the storage area is well ventilated. Cover the vehicle with a genuine Polaris cover. Do not use plastic or coated mate- rials. They do not allow enough ventilation to prevent condensation, and may promote corrosion and oxidation.
  • Page 123: Transporting The Atv

    Transporting the ATV Follow these procedures when transporting the vehicle. 1. Stop the engine. 2. Place the transmission in PARK. 3. Lock the parking brake. 4. Secure the fuel cap and oil cap. 5. Always tie the frame of the ATV to the transporting unit securely with suitable straps or rope.
  • Page 124: Troubleshooting

    Dry out the PVT. See page 106. Inspect clutch seals for damage if repeated leaking occurs. See your Polaris dealer. Check for fouled plugs or foreign material in gas tank or fuel lines. See your dealer. Always warm up the belt by operating below 30 mph for one mile (5 miles or more when temperature is below freezing).
  • Page 125 Replace with fresh recommended fuel Turn the fuel valve on Inspect plugs and replace if necessary Inspect plugs, verify stop switch is on Immediately see your Polaris dealer Inspect, clean and/or replace spark plugs Recharge the battery to 12.8 VDC See your dealer...
  • Page 126 Engine Pings or Knocks Possible Cause Poor quality or low octane fuel Incorrect ignition timing Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range Engine Runs Irregularly, Stalls or Misfires Possible Cause Fouled or defective spark plug(s) Worn or defective spark plug wires Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range Loose ignition connections Water present in fuel...
  • Page 127 Engine Stops or Loses Power Possible Cause Out of fuel Kinked or plugged fuel vent line Overuse of choke Water is present in fuel Fouled or defective spark plug(s) Worn or defective spark plug wires Incorrect spark plug gap or heat range Loose ignition connections Low battery voltage Incorrect fuel...
  • Page 128: Specifications

    SPORTSMAN Touring 500 HO Maximum Weight Capacity Dry Weight Front Rack/Storage Box Capacity 90 lbs. (41 kg) Rear Rack Capacity Receiver Hitch Tongue Capacity Hitch Towing Rating Unbraked Trailer Towing Capacity* Overall Length Overall Width Overall Height Wheelbase Ground Clearance Minimum Turning Radius Fuel Capacity Engine Oil Capacity...
  • Page 129: Specifications

    *EBS models require no helix/spring adjustment Jetting Chart ALTITUDE Meters (Feet) 0-1800 (0-6000) 1800-3700 (6000-12000) Automatic PVT (Polaris Variable Transmission) MacPherson strut with 8.2" (21 cm) travel Progressive rate with 8.75" (22 cm) travel Automatic EBS (Engine Braking System) with E-Z Shift H/L/N/R/P 23.91:1 21.74:1 10.57:1...
  • Page 130: Polaris Products

    Chain Lube, Aerosol (6.25 oz./185 ml) 2872348 Chain Lube, Aerosol (16 oz./473 ml) 2871326 Carbon Clean Plus 2870652 Fuel Stabilizer 2872189 DOT 4 Brake Fluid 2871956 Loctite 2859044 Polaris Battery Tender Engine Lubricant Coolant Grease / Specialized Lubricants Additives / Miscellaneous 565 Thread Sealant Charger...
  • Page 131: Declaration Of Conformity

    Polaris Industries Inc., 2100 Hwy 55, Medina, MN 55340 U.S.A. Telephone 763-542-0500 We, Polaris Industries Inc., declare that the vehicles listed below conform to the essential health and safety requirements applicable to off-road all-terrain vehicles. APPLICABLE EUROPEAN DIRECTIVES 98/37/EC as amended (Machinery Directive)
  • Page 132: Warranty

    WARRANTY LIMITED WARRANTY Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, gives a SIX MONTH LIM- ITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) against defects in material or workmanship. Polaris also gives a one year limited warranty on the final drive chain for failure due to defects.
  • Page 133 WARRANTY COVERAGE AND EXCLUSIONS: LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES The Polaris limited warranty excludes any failures that are not caused by a defect in material or workmanship. This warranty does not cover accidental damage, normal wear and tear, abuse or improper handling. This warranty also does not cover any ATV that...
  • Page 134 ATV. The exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall be, at Polaris' exclusive option, repair or replacement of any defective materials, or com- ponents or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WAR- RANTY.
  • Page 135 HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE If your ATV requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer authorized to repair Polaris ATVs. When requesting warranty service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer.
  • Page 136 How to Get Service In the Country where your vehicle was purchased: Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs must be done by an authorized Polaris dealer. If you move or are traveling within the country where your vehicle was purchased, Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs may be requested from any authorized Polaris dealer who sells the same line as your vehicle.
  • Page 137 How to Get Service If Purchased From A Private Party: If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen, to be kept and used outside of the country in which the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.
  • Page 138 This emissions limited warranty is in addition to the Polaris standard limited warranty for your vehicle. Polaris Industries Inc. warrants that at the time it is first purchased, this emissions-certified vehicle is designed, built and equipped so it conforms with applica- ble U.S.
  • Page 139 Polaris dealer to perform any service that may be necessary for your vehicle. Polaris also recommends that you use only Pure Polaris parts. It is a potential violation of the Clean Air Act if a part supplied by an aftermarket parts manufacturer reduces the effectiveness of the vehicle's emission controls.
  • Page 140: Maintenance Log

    MAINTENANCE LOG Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your vehi- cle is serviced. This will provide you and future owners with an accurate log of maintenance and services performed. DATE MILES (KM) TECHNICIAN SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS OR HOURS...
  • Page 141: Maintenance Log

  • Page 142: Index

    INDEX Accessories ....118 Air Filter ..... 89 All Wheel Drive System .
  • Page 143: Index

    Fluid, Brake ....30 Fluid, Demand Drive ..79-80 Fluid Change, Demand Drive ..80 Fluid Level, Brake .
  • Page 144 Passenger Seat ....34 Periodic Maintenance Chart ..67-70 Polaris Product List ... . 126 Polishing the Vehicle... 114 Pre-Ride Checklist .
  • Page 145 Switches ....26-27 AWD Switch... . 27, 35 Engine Stop Switch..27 Headlight Switch.

This manual is also suitable for:

Sportsman touring 500 ho2010 sportsman touring 500 ho