HP 37717C User Manual

Communications performance analyzer.
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   Summary of Contents for HP 37717C

  • Page 1

    Artisan Technology Group is your source for quality new and certified-used/pre-owned equipment SERVICE CENTER REPAIRS WE BUY USED EQUIPMENT • FAST SHIPPING AND DELIVERY Experienced engineers and technicians on staff Sell your excess, underutilized, and idle used equipment at our full-service, in-house repair center We also offer credit for buy-backs and trade-ins •...

  • Page 2

    User’s Guide Dsn/Sonet Operation HP 37717C Communications Performance Analyzer Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 3

    fitted. The user should the instruction implied warranties or refer to the laser safety manual in order to merchantability and HP Part No. information in the protect the apparatus fitness for a particular 37717-90403 Calibration Manual. against damage.

  • Page 4

    User’s Guide:DSn/Sonet Operation HP 37717C Communications Performance Analyzer Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 5

    About This Book This book tells you how to select the features that you want to use for your test. The selections available are presented in the following groups: • Transmit and receive interfaces • Test features, for example, the addition of errors and alarms to the test signal •...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Contents 1 Setting the Interfaces Setting PDH Transmit Interface 2 Setting PDH Transmit Binary Interface 4 Setting SONET Transmit Interface 6 Setting Jitter Transmit Interface 9 Setting Wander Transmit Interface 10 Selecting the Physical Transmit Interface for ATM Payloads 12 Setting SONET THRU Mode 14 Using Autosetup 16 Setting PDH Receive Interface 18...

  • Page 7: Table Of Contents

    Selecting ATM Cell Stream Headers and Interface 58 Adding Errors & Alarms at the SONET Interface 59 Adding Errors & Alarms to the PDH Interface/PDH Payload 60 Using FEAC Codes in the HP 37717C 62 Adding ATM Errors and Alarms 65 Setting PDH Spare Bits 66 Adding Pointer Adjustments 67 T1.105/GR-253 Pointer Sequences Explained 69...

  • Page 8: Table Of Contents

    Logging Results to Internal Printer 125 Logging Results to RS-232-C Printer 126 Printing Results from Disk 127 Connecting an HP DeskJet Printer to a Parallel Port 128 Changing Internal Printer Paper 129 Cleaning Internal Printer Print Head 132 Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 9: Table Of Contents

    Contents 5 Using Instrument and Disk Storage Storing Configurations in Instrument Store 134 Storing Current Configurations on Disk 135 Setting up a Title for Configurations in Instrument Store 136 Recalling Configurations from Instrument Store 137 Formatting a Disk 138 Labeling a Disk 139 Managing Files and Directories on Disk 140 Adding Descriptors to Disk Files 144 Saving Graphics Results to Disk 145...

  • Page 10

    Contents Setting Error Threshold Indication 166 Dumping Display to Disk 167 Setting Screen Brightness and Color 169 Running Self Test 170 7 STS-1 SPE Background Patterns 8 ETSI/ANSI Terminology ETSI/ANSI Conversion and Equivalent Terms 178 Index Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 11

    Contents Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 12

    Setting the Interfaces This chapter tells you how to set the instrument interfaces to match the network being tested. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 13: Setting Pdh Transmit Interface

    Setting the Interfaces Setting PDH Transmit Interface Description PDH transmit interface settings should match network equipment settings of Rate, Termination and Line Code and determine the Payload to be tested. TIP: To set the Transmitter and Receiver to the same interface settings choose OTHER SETTINGS CONTROL COUPLED...

  • Page 14

    Setting the Interfaces Setting PDH Transmit Interface HOW TO: 1 Choose the required PDH SIGNAL rate. If Option 110 is fitted, rates of 34Mb/s, 2Mb/s, DS1 and DS3 are available. If Option UKJ is fitted rates of 2, 8, 34 and 140 Mb/s are available.

  • Page 15: Setting Pdh Transmit Binary Interface

    Setting the Interfaces Setting PDH Transmit Binary Interface Setting PDH Transmit Binary Interface Description Option UH3, Binary Interfaces, provides binary NRZ interface for PDH measurements. The interfaces can operate at any of the standard rates ±100 ppm. PDH transmit binary interface settings should match the network equipment thresholds and polarity requirements for the binary interfaces Variable Rate Binary Interface...

  • Page 16

    Setting the Interfaces Setting PDH Transmit Binary Interface HOW TO: 1 Set up the PDH transmit Interface as required. See "Setting PDH Transmit Interface " page 2. If INTERFACE [BINARY] is chosen on the MAIN SETTINGS display, threshold and polarity choices are available for Data and Clock.

  • Page 17: Setting Sonet Transmit Interface

    Rate, Wavelength and Mapping, determine the payload to be tested and set background conditions to prevent alarms while testing. TIP: If you wish to set the HP 37717C transmitter and receiver to the same interface settings choose OTHER SETTINGS CONTROL COUPLED HOW TO: 1 Make your choice of SIGNAL rate.

  • Page 18

    Setting the Interfaces Setting SONET Transmit Interface MAPPING and type of payload. DS1 and DS3 are valid B/G MAPPING payload type choices if Option UKJ, Structured PDH or Option 110 DSn SPDH, is fitted. Mapping may be selected from a pictorial display by moving the cursor to MAPPING and pressing SONET ROCKET DIAGRAM OC-n/STS-n...

  • Page 19

    Setting the Interfaces Setting SONET Transmit Interface If STRUCTURED is chosen, the Payload test signal must be set-up. See “Setting Transmit Structured Payload/Test Signal (Options UKJ or 110)” page 43. If INSERT is chosen, see “Inserting an External PDH Payload/Test Signal”...

  • Page 20: Setting Jitter Transmit Interface

    Setting the Interfaces Setting Jitter Transmit Interface Setting Jitter Transmit Interface Description: You can add jitter to the transmitted PDH or SONET signal at all ANSI rates. You can source the jitter modulation internally or from an external source. HOW TO: 1 If you are adding jitter to the PDH signal, set up the PDH transmit interface.

  • Page 21: Setting Wander Transmit Interface

    Setting the Interfaces Setting Wander Transmit Interface Setting Wander Transmit Interface Description: You can add Wander to the 2 Mb/s PDH signal and the STS-3 and STS-12 SONET signal. An external 2 Mb/s clock must be connected to the 2M REF IN port of the Jitter TX module. HOW TO: 1 Connect an external 2 Mb/s clock to the 2M REF port of the Jitter TX module.

  • Page 22

    Setting the Interfaces Setting Wander Transmit Interface 5 Choose the modulation source. If EXTERNAL is chosen, connect the external source to the MOD IN port of the JITTER TX module. Up to 10 UI of external wander modulation can be added at the MOD IN port.

  • Page 23: Selecting The Physical Transmit Interface For Atm Payloads

    Selection of STM-4 OPTICAL signal at the ATM PHYSICAL LAYER will cause the transmitter output SDH to change to STM-4 OPTICAL. TIP: If you wish to set the HP 37717C transmitter and receiver to the same interface settings choose OTHER SETTINGS CONTROL COUPLED HOW TO: 1 Make your choice of SIGNAL rate.

  • Page 24

    Setting the Interfaces Selecting the Physical Transmit Interface for ATM Payloads Interface choice. 3 If the 2Mb/s rate is selected, select CRC-4 MULTIFRAME 4 If the 140Mb/s or 34Mb/s rate is selected, select the TRAIL TRACE message type: For the standard trail trace message”HP37717C” set TRAIL TRACE TEST For a unique 15 character message, set TRAIL TRACE to USER...

  • Page 25: Setting Sonet Thru Mode

    Setting the Interfaces Setting SONET THRU Mode Setting SONET THRU Mode Description THRU mode is used to non-intrusively monitor SONET lines where no protected monitor points are available. STS-1, STS-3 You can substitute a new payload, Transport Overhead (TOH) and Path Overhead (POH) in the received STS-1/3 signal for testing.

  • Page 26

    Setting the Interfaces Setting SONET THRU Mode STS-12 With Option 130 or 131, the overhead and payload may be overwritten for STS-3C. TOH overwrite is available for STS-12C. The Transmitter and receiver settings are automatically coupled in THRU MODE. To select STS-3C or STS-12C select and setup RECEIVE the receiver mapping as required.

  • Page 27: Using Autosetup

    ATM is considered to be a payload of PDH or SDH. Both MONITOR and TERMINATE modes are tried in the search for a received signal. HOW TO: 1 Connect the HP 37717C to the network and select the required interface on the HP 37717C. RECEIVE 2 Press...

  • Page 28

    Setting the Interfaces Using Autosetup Structured is not covered by Autosetup because searching through a N OT E PDH framing structure would take an unacceptable amount of time. All line rates are searched for a signal. If a signal is found, a search for framing pattern is made.

  • Page 29: Setting Pdh Receive Interface

    PDH Receive interface settings should match the network equipment settings of Rate, Termination and Line Code and determine the Payload to be tested. TIP: If you wish to set the HP 37717C transmitter and receiver to the same interface settings choose OTHER SETTINGS CONTROL COUPLED HOW TO: 1 Choose the required SIGNAL source.

  • Page 30

    Setting the Interfaces Setting PDH Receive Interface 6 The received signal will be 20 to 26 dB below the normal level. To return the received signal to normal, choose the required GAIN level. The received signal may also require EQUALIZATION to compensate for cable losses.

  • Page 31: Setting Pdh Receive Binary Interface

    Setting the Interfaces Setting PDH Receive Binary Interface Setting PDH Receive Binary Interface Description PDH Receive binary interface settings should match the network equipment threshold and polarity requirements for the binary interfaces. HOW TO: 1 Set up the PDH receive interface required. See "Setting PDH Receive Interface "...

  • Page 32: Setting Sonet Receive Interface

    SONET Receive interface settings should match the network equipment settings of Rate and Mapping, and determine the payload to be tested. TIP: If you wish to set the HP 37717C transmitter and receiver to the same interface settings, choose OTHER...

  • Page 33

    Setting the Interfaces Setting SONET Receive Interface Structured PDH or Option 110 DSn SPDH is fitted. If STRUCTURED is chosen the Payload test signal must be set up. See “Setting Receive Structured Payload/Test Signal” page 45. If DROP is chosen, see “Dropping an External Payload/Test Signal” page 54.

  • Page 34: Setting Jitter Receive Interface

    Setting the Interfaces Setting Jitter Receive Interface Setting Jitter Receive Interface Description: PDH Jitter and PDH error measurements are made simultaneously when a PDH jitter measurement Option is fitted. The measurements are made on the normal input to the PDH receiver and the interface selections are the normal PDH Receiver selections.

  • Page 35

    filters to be connected for peak to peak and RMS measurements. The additional RMS filter choice allows you the choice of a 12 kHz (high pass) HP filter for RMS measurement only. If 12 kHz HP is chosen under FILTER, the additional RMS filter choice is not available.

  • Page 36: Selecting The Physical Receive Interface For Atm Payloads

    For example selection of STM-4 OPTICAL signal at the ATM PHYSICAL LAYER will cause the receiver output SDH to change to STM-4 OPTICAL. TIP: If you wish to set the HP 37717C transmitter and receiver to the same interface settings choose OTHER SETTINGS CONTROL COUPLED HOW TO: 1 Choose the required SIGNAL source.

  • Page 37

    Setting the Interfaces Selecting the Physical Receive Interface for ATM payloads Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 38: 2 Selecting Test Features

    Selecting Test Features Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 39: Using Transmit Overhead Setup

    Selecting Test Features Using Transmit Overhead Setup Description You can set an overhead byte to a known static state to aid in troubleshooting, for example, to quickly check for "stuck bits" in path overhead bytes. Transport Overhead, Path Overhead and Trace Messages can be set using this feature.

  • Page 40

    Selecting Test Features Using Transmit Overhead Setup the APS Messages setup. 3 If TOH (Transport Overhead) is chosen, choose the format to be displayed from the STS-1# field. If STS-1#1,2,3 is chosen, the hexadecimal value of all 81 bytes of the STS-1 transport overhead selected are displayed The values of the bytes can be set using DECREASE DIGIT...

  • Page 41: Using Receive Overhead Monitor

    Selecting Test Features Using Receive Overhead Monitor Using Receive Overhead Monitor Description When first connecting to a SONET network, a start up confidence check can be made by viewing the behavior of all the overhead bytes. If the SONET network shows alarm indications, some diagnosis of the problem may be gained from viewing all the overhead bytes.The OVERHEAD MONITOR display is updated once per second (once per 8000 frames) approximately.

  • Page 42

    Selecting Test Features Using Receive Overhead Monitor If STS-1#1,2,3 is chosen, the hexadecimal value of all 81 bytes of transport overhead is displayed and can be set using DECREASE DIGIT INCREASE DIGIT If BYTE NAMES is chosen, the labels for the STS-1#1,2,3 overhead bytes is displayed.

  • Page 43: Setting Overhead Trace Messages

    Selecting Test Features Setting Overhead Trace Messages Setting Overhead Trace Messages Description You can insert a data message to verify portions of the network: J0 verifies the section overhead. J1 verifies the STS-1 SPE or STS-3c SPE path connection. J2 verifies the VT- SPE path connection. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ...

  • Page 44: Generating Overhead Sequences

    Selecting Test Features Generating Overhead Sequences Generating Overhead Sequences Description You may insert a pattern into a functional group of overhead bytes for testing or troubleshooting purposes. HOW TO: 1 Set up the SONET transmit interface and payload required. 2 Choose the type of sequence required. SINGLE RUN - runs the sequence once and then stops.

  • Page 45

    Selecting Test Features Generating Overhead Sequences INCREASE DIGIT 6 Start the sequence by choosing [STARTED]. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 46: Using Receive Overhead Capture

    Selecting Test Features Using Receive Overhead Capture Using Receive Overhead Capture Description Section, Line and Path overhead provide network support functions, responding dynamically to network conditions and needs. It is therefore useful to capture overhead activity on a frame by frame basis. HOW TO: 1 Set up the receive SONET interface and payload as required.

  • Page 47

    Selecting Test Features Using Receive Overhead Capture pressing CAPTURE and terminates when up to 16 records STARTED have been captured. The capture can be terminated earlier by pressing CAPTURE STOPPED Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 48: Adding Frequency Offset To Sonet Signal

    Selecting Test Features Adding Frequency Offset to SONET Signal Adding Frequency Offset to SONET Signal Description Frequency offset can be added to the SONET interface rate signal and to the payload signal. SONET Line Rate Offset HOW TO: Choose the amount of frequency offset required. You can set the Frequency Offset in the range -999 ppm to +999 ppm in 1 ppm steps using DECREASE DIGIT...

  • Page 49

    Selecting Test Features Adding Frequency Offset to SONET Signal Tributary Offset ±100 ppm Choose the amount of tributary offset required. You can set the Offset in the range -100 ppm to +100 ppm in 1 ppm steps using DECREASE DIGIT INCREASE DIGIT The amount of applied Frequency Offset can be varied while measurements are taking place.

  • Page 50: Adding Frequency Offset To The Pdh Signal

    Selecting Test Features Adding Frequency Offset to the PDH Signal Adding Frequency Offset to the PDH Signal Description You can add Frequency Offset to the interface PDH signal at all rates. Frequency Offset can be added at preset ITU values or as User defined ±...

  • Page 51: Setting Up Signaling Bits

    Setting up Signaling Bits Setting up Signaling Bits Description The HP 37717C receiver can be used to monitor the state of signaling bits in received 2 Mb/s signals with timeslot-16 CAS (PCM30 or PCM30CRC) multiframing, structured or unstructured, and also in DS1 framed and structured signals (Option 110 instruments).

  • Page 52

    4 Set the A,B bits (for D4 and SLC-96) and A,B,C,D bits (for ESF) as required. Press and set up the HP 37717C receiver RECEIVE interface to match the signal being output from the HP 37717C transmitter. SONET Operation 1 On the HP 37717C press and select an SONET interface.

  • Page 53

    4 Set the A,B bits (for D4 and SLC-96) and A,B,C,D bits (for ESF) as required. Press and set up the HP 37717C receiver RECEIVE interface to match the signal being output from the HP 37717C transmitter. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 54: Setting Transmit Structured Payload/test Signal (options Ukj Or

    PDH test signal to be tested and set any background (non test) conditions to prevent alarms while testing. Fully structured DS1 or DS3 payloads are only available if Option 110 is fitted. If you wish to set the HP 37717C transmitter and receiver to the same Payload settings, choose OTHER...

  • Page 55

    Selecting Test Features Setting Transmit Structured Payload/Test Signal (Options UKJ or 110) 4 If 64 kb/s TEST SIGNAL is chosen, HANDSET is available (this is only available for Option UKJ;, and is not present in Option 110 instruments). See "Connecting A Telephone Handset " page 47. 5 Choose the PATTERN type and PRBS polarity.

  • Page 56: Setting Receive Structured Payload/test Signal

    PDH test signal to be tested. Structured payloads are only available if Option UKJ structured PDH or Option 110, DS1, DS3, E1, E3 structured PDH is fitted. TIP: If you wish to set the HP 37717C transmitter and receiver to the same Payload settings, choose OTHER STORED SETTINGS...

  • Page 57

    Selecting Test Features Setting Receive Structured Payload/Test Signal 4 If 64 kb/s TEST SIGNAL is chosen, the HANDSET facility is available (Option UKJ only). See "Connecting A Telephone Handset " page 47. 5 Choose the PATTERN type and PRBS polarity. If your choice matches ITU-T Recommendation O.150, ITU is displayed beside your choice.

  • Page 58: Connecting A Telephone Handset

    Selecting Test Features Connecting A Telephone Handset Connecting A Telephone Handset Description: You can connect a telephone handset to a 64 kb/s voice channel for communication (TALK & LISTEN) or testing (LISTEN ONLY) purposes. You can only connect a telephone handset if Option UKJ, Structured PDH, is fitted.

  • Page 59: N X 56 Kb/s) Structured Payload/test Signal

    Selecting Test Features Setting Transmit N X 64 kb/s (N X 56 kb/s) Structured Payload/Test Signal Setting Transmit N X 64 kb/s (N X 56 kb/s) Structured Payload/Test Signal Description Wideband services such as high speed data links and LAN interconnection require a bandwidth greater than 64 kb/s but less than 2 Mb/s for example 128 kb/s or 384 kb/s.

  • Page 60

    Selecting Test Features Setting Transmit N X 64 kb/s (N X 56 kb/s) Structured Payload/Test Signal shown Timeslots 3, 5, 9, 25, 26, 27 are chosen for test. 4 Choose the PATTERN type and PRBS polarity. If your choice matches ITU-T Recommendation O.150, ITU is displayed alongside your choice.

  • Page 61: Setting Receive N X 64 Kb/s (n X 56 Kb/s) Structured Payload/test Signal

    Selecting Test Features Setting Receive N X 64 kb/s (N X 56 kb/s) Structured Payload/Test Signal Setting Receive N X 64 kb/s (N X 56 kb/s) Structured Payload/Test Signal Description Wideband services such as high speed data links and LAN interconnection require a bandwidth greater than 64 kb/s but less than 2 Mb/s e.g.

  • Page 62

    Selecting Test Features Setting Receive N X 64 kb/s (N X 56 kb/s) Structured Payload/Test Signal 3 Choose the test timeslots within the structured payload using softkeys. As each DESELECT ALL DESELECT SELECT timeslot is chosen a * marks the chosen timeslot. In the example shown Timeslots 3, 5, 9, 25, 26, 27 are chosen for test.

  • Page 63: Inserting An External Pdh Payload/test Signal

    Selecting Test Features Inserting an External PDH Payload/Test Signal Inserting an External PDH Payload/ Test Signal Description You can insert a PDH signal from external equipment into the SDH/ SONET signal as the test payload or insert 2 Mb/s or DS1 (Option110) into the structured PDH signal.

  • Page 64

    Selecting Test Features Inserting an External PDH Payload/Test Signal 34 Mb/s, 140 Mb/s or DS3 as required on the SONET display. MAIN SETTINGS Insert 2 Mb/s/DS1 (Unstructured SDH/SONET Payload) 1 Connect the external payload to the MUX port of the PDH Tx module. 2 Set up the required transmit SONET interface, and choose INSERT 2Mb/s or INSERT DS1 (Option 110) on the SONET...

  • Page 65: Dropping An External Payload/test Signal

    Selecting Test Features Dropping an External Payload/Test Signal Dropping an External Payload/Test Signal Description You can Drop a PDH signal from the received payload or drop 2 Mb/s or DS1 (Option 110) from the structured PDH signal to external equipment for testing purposes.

  • Page 66

    Selecting Test Features Dropping an External Payload/Test Signal Drop 2 Mb/s /DS1 (Unstructured SDH/SONET Payload) Connect the DEMUX port of the PDH module to the external equipment. 2 Set up the required transmit SONET interface, and choose DROP 2Mb/s or DS1 (Options 110/120) on the SONET MAIN SETTINGS display.

  • Page 67: Selecting Atm Cell Stream Payload

    Selecting Test Features Selecting ATM Cell Stream Payload Selecting ATM Cell Stream Payload Description The test stream comprises: 1 Foreground (F/G) Channel, 3 Background (B/G) Channels and the remaining cell opportunities which are filled with unassigned or idle cells. HOW TO: 1 Select the payload which will be the subject of the test, the foreground payload, in F/G PAYLOAD For Delay measurements and Cell Misinsertion and Loss measurements...

  • Page 68: Selecting Atm Cell Stream Timing Distribution

    Selecting Test Features Selecting ATM Cell Stream Timing Distribution Selecting ATM Cell Stream Timing Distribution Description The foreground and background bandwidths and timing distribution are selected to represent the service that you want to simulate. HOW TO: 1 Select the foreground F/G bandwidth. 2 Select the background B/G #1, #2 and #3 bandwidths.

  • Page 69: Selecting Atm Cell Stream Headers And Interface

    Selecting Test Features Selecting ATM Cell Stream Headers and Interface Selecting ATM Cell Stream Headers and Interface Description The components of the ATM cell stream headers and the interface UNI or NNI are selectable. User Network Interface (UNI) is used between a LAN and a switch in the public network, Network Node Interface (NNI) is used between switches in the public network.

  • Page 70: Adding Errors & Alarms At The Sonet Interface

    Selecting Test Features Adding Errors & Alarms at the SONET Interface Adding Errors & Alarms at the SONET Interface Description Errors and alarms can be added to the SONET interface signal during testing. HOW TO: 1 Set up the SONET transmit interface and payload required. 2 Choose the ERROR ADD TYPE and RATE required.

  • Page 71: Adding Errors & Alarms To The Pdh Interface/pdh Payload

    Selecting Test Features Adding Errors & Alarms to the PDH Interface/PDH Payload Adding Errors & Alarms to the PDH Interface/PDH Payload Description Errors and alarms can be added to the PDH payload signal during testing. HOW TO: 1 If SONET interface is chosen, set up the SONET transmit interface and payload required.

  • Page 72

    Defect Indicator (RDI) FEAC Codes: - With CBIT Payload Type selected on the Transmitter MAIN SETTINGS page the HP 37717C can transmit DS3 FEAC codes. Refer to the following page for an explanation of FEAC codes and how to use them with the HP 37717C.

  • Page 73: Using Feac Codes In The Hp 37717c

    SETTINGS page. 2 Select the TEST FUNCTION page and set the ALARM TYPE to DS3 FEAC. The following Figure gives an example of the HP 37717C display configured to generate a FEAC message. When an FEAC code is not being transmitted the all ones pattern is transmitted.

  • Page 74

    Selecting Test Features Using FEAC Codes in the HP 37717C 4 Choose the MESSAGE from the choices displayed. If you chose a DS1 message an additional field to the right of the DS1 MESSAGE is displayed. Position the cursor on this field and select ALL or SINGLE CHANNEL.

  • Page 75

    Selecting Test Features Using FEAC Codes in the HP 37717C To View FEAC Messages Transmitted The FEAC message you transmit can be viewed on the PDH RESULTS display if the Receiver settings match those of the Transmitter (i.e. select DS3 and CBIT Payload on Receiver). The following figure gives an example of a FEAC Message on the Results page.

  • Page 76: Adding Atm Errors And Alarms

    Selecting Test Features Adding ATM Errors and Alarms Adding ATM Errors and Alarms Description ATM errors and alarms may be introduced into the cell stream. HOW TO: 1 Select TEST FUNCTION ATM PAYLOAD 2 Select the ERROR ADD TYPE. To check header error correction capability, choose SINGLE HEC introduce single Header Error Control errors To check the detection and discard operation of devices, choose...

  • Page 77: Setting Pdh Spare Bits

    Selecting Test Features Setting PDH Spare Bits Setting PDH Spare Bits Description Certain Spare Bits will cause the occurrence of a minor alarm when received as a logical "0".: 140 Mb/s - FAS Bit 14 34 Mb/s - FAS Bit 12 8 Mb.s - FAS Bit 12 2 Mb/s - NFAS Timeslot (timeslot 0 of NFAS frame) Bit 0 HOW TO:...

  • Page 78: Adding Pointer Adjustments

    Selecting Test Features Adding Pointer Adjustments Adding Pointer Adjustments Description The transmitted SPE or VT pointer value can be adjusted for testing purposes. HOW TO: 1 Set up the SONET transmit interface and payload required. See “Description” page 6. 2 Choose the POINTER TYPE. 3 Choose the ADJUSTMENT TYPE required.

  • Page 79

    Selecting Test Features Adding Pointer Adjustments OFFSET - You can frequency offset the line rate or the SPE/VT rate, relative to each other, thus producing pointer movements. If you offset the SPE pointer, an 87:3 sequence of pointer movements is generated. The available configurations are listed in the following table.

  • Page 80: T1.105/gr-253 Pointer Sequences Explained

    Explained In addition to the BURST, NEW POINTER and OFFSET pointer movements described, the HP 37717C can also generate pointer sequences (pointer movements) according to T1.105.03 and GR-253. Before running a pointer sequence you can elect to run an initialization sequence, followed by a cool down period, and then run the chosen sequence.

  • Page 81

    (87+3 or 26+1) exceeds 60 seconds then the longer period is used for the initialization. For example, if T is set for 10 seconds then the initialization period may be extended to 900 seconds. The HP 37717C displays a message indicating which phase (initialization, cool down or measurement) the transmitter is currently generating.

  • Page 82

    Selecting Test Features T1.105/GR-253 Pointer Sequences Explained Pointer Sequence Description T1.105 A1 SINGLE Periodic Single adjustments, all of the same polarity which is GR-253 5-29 selectable. Separation between pointer adjustments is fixed at approximately 30 seconds. Periodic bursts of 3 adjustments, all of the same polarity which is T1.105 A2 BURST OF 3 selectable.

  • Page 83

    Selecting Test Features T1.105/GR-253 Pointer Sequences Explained Pointer Sequence Description T1.105 A5 PERIODIC ADD Periodic Single adjustments, with selectable polarity and added (Continuous Pattern) adjustment (1 extra). The spacing between the added adjustment GR-253 5-34(c) and the previous adjustment is set to the minimum, (see Note 2). The time interval between pointer adjustments can be set (see Note 1).

  • Page 84

    Selecting Test Features T1.105/GR-253 Pointer Sequences Explained Pointer Sequence Notes Note 1: For SPE pointers the sequence interval is selectable from: 7.5 ms, 10, 20, 30, 34 ms 40 to 100 ms in 10 ms steps, 100 to 1000 ms in 100 ms steps 1, 2, 5, 10 seconds.

  • Page 85

    Selecting Test Features T1.105/GR-253 Pointer Sequences Explained Table 1 Pointer Sequences Available with Selected Mapping MAPPING POINTER SEQUENCE VT6, VT2 VT1.5 A1 SINGLE A2 BURST OF 3 A3 PHASE TRANSIENT A4 PERIODIC NORMAL(87-3) A4 PERIODIC NORMAL (Continuous) PERIODIC NORMAL (26-1) A5 PERIODIC ADD (87-3) A5 PERIODIC ADD (Continuous) PERIODIC ADD (26-1)

  • Page 86: Using Pointer Graph Test Function

    Selecting Test Features Using Pointer Graph Test Function Using Pointer Graph Test Function Pointer Graph shows the relative offset during the measurement period. This allows the time relationship of SPE or VT pointer movements to be observed. Up to 4 days of storage allows long term effects such as Wander to be observed.

  • Page 87

    Selecting Test Features Using Pointer Graph Test Function the identified time to gain more detail of the event. HOW TO: 3 Choose the POINTER UNDER TEST type SPE or VT. 4 Press to start the measurement. RUN/STOP TIP: If the event occurs outside normal working hours, a Timed Start measurement can be made.

  • Page 88: Stressing Optical Clock Recovery Circuits

    Selecting Test Features Stressing Optical Clock Recovery Circuits Stressing Optical Clock Recovery Circuits Description Ideally clock recovery circuits in the network equipment optical interfaces should recover the clock even in the presence of long strings of 0s. You can check the performance of your optical clock recovery circuits using the STRESS TEST test function.

  • Page 89: Generating Automatic Protection Switch Messages

    Selecting Test Features Generating Automatic Protection Switch Messages Generating Automatic Protection Switch Messages Description You can program the K1 and K2 bytes to exercise the APS functions for Both LINEAR (GR-253) and RING (GR-1230) topologies. HOW TO: 1 Set up the SONET transmit interface and payload required. See “Description”...

  • Page 90: Inserting & Dropping Data Communications Channel

    Selecting Test Features Inserting & Dropping Data Communications Channel Inserting & Dropping Data Communications Channel Description The Data Communications Channel (DCC) of the section and line overhead can be verified by protocol testing. The Insert and Drop capability provides access to the DCC via the RS-449 connector on the front panel of the SDH/SONET module.

  • Page 91

    Selecting Test Features Inserting & Dropping Data Communications Channel Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 92: 3 Making Measurements

    Making Measurements Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 93: Using Overhead Ber Test Function

    Making Measurements Using Overhead BER Test Function Using Overhead BER Test Function Description You can perform a Bit Error Rate test on chosen bytes of the section, line and path overhead bytes. You can access the transmit Overhead BER on the SONET TRANSMIT display.

  • Page 94: Test Timing

    Making Measurements Test Timing Test Timing Description There are two aspects to test timing: Error results may be displayed as short term or cumulative over the measurement period.If short term error measurements are required, the short term period may be selected. The period of the test may be defined or controlled manually.

  • Page 95: Making Sonet Analysis Measurements

    Making Measurements Making SONET Analysis Measurements Making SONET Analysis Measurements Description G.826 analysis results are provided for all relevant SDH/SONET error sources. In addition the following results are provided: Cumulative error count and error ratio Short Term error count and error ratio Alarm Seconds Pointer Values Frequency...

  • Page 96: Making Pdh Analysis Measurements

    Making Measurements Making PDH Analysis Measurements Making PDH Analysis Measurements Description G.821, G.826, M.2100, M.2110 and M.2120 analysis results are provided for all relevant PDH and PDH Payload error sources. In addition the following results are provided: Cumulative error count and error ratio Short Term error count and error ratio Alarm Seconds SIG/BIT Monitor refer to "Monitoring Signaling Bits "...

  • Page 97

    Making Measurements Making PDH Analysis Measurements 4 If SDH is chosen as the interface, you can view the analysis results on display. PDH PAYLOAD ERROR ANALYSIS RESULTS If PDH is chosen as the interface, you can view the analysis results on display.

  • Page 98: Measuring Jitter

    Making Measurements Measuring Jitter Measuring Jitter Description: PDH Jitter and PDH error measurements are made simultaneously when a PDH jitter measurement option is fitted. The measurements are made on the normal input to the PDH receiver and the interface selections are the normal PDH Receiver selections. SDH/SONET Jitter and SDH/SONET error measurements are isolated individual measurements.

  • Page 99

    Making Measurements Measuring Jitter For Jitter measurements on an SDH/SONET signal you need to set the N OT E Receive interface to SDH/SONET Jitter. 3 Press to start the measurement. RUN/STOP 4 You can view the Jitter hits and Amplitude results on the RESULTS display.

  • Page 100: Measuring Wander

    Making Measurements Measuring Wander Measuring Wander Description: Wander measurements are possible when the received PDH interface signal is 2 Mb/s. The Wander results are displayed in bits and microseconds. Estimated Bit and Frame slips are also calculated. In addition a Bar Graph shows the cumulative Wander over the measurement period.

  • Page 101

    Making Measurements Measuring Wander 6 Press to start the measurement. RUN/STOP View the Results HOW TO: 1 Choose the results type, WANDER or BAR GRAPH. If Bar Graph is chosen the cumulative wander results are displayed in graphical form. The Bar Graphs are additive and in the example shown above the Wander is -70.625 BITS.

  • Page 102: Measuring Frequency

    Making Measurements Measuring Frequency Measuring Frequency Description The signal frequency and the amount of offset from the standard rate can be measured to give an indication of probability of errors. HOW TO: 1 Connect the signal to be measured to the IN port of the PDH module (PDH) or the IN port of the SDH/SONET module (SONET electrical) or the IN port of the Optical module.

  • Page 103: Measuring Optical Power

    Making Measurements Measuring Optical Power Measuring Optical Power Description Optical power measurement can be performed on the SONET signal connected to the Optical module IN port. HOW TO: 1 Connect the SONET optical signal to the IN port of the Optical module.

  • Page 104: Measuring Round Trip Delay

    The time taken for voice traffic to pass through the network is very important. Excessive delay can make speech difficult to understand. The Round Trip Delay feature of the HP 37717C measures the delay in a 64 kb/s timeslot. A test pattern is transmitted in the 64 kb/s timeslot and a timer is set running.

  • Page 105

    Making Measurements Measuring Round Trip Delay 4 Choose ACTION [ON] to start the measurement. If measuring on an SDH/SONET interface, the results are available on display. PDH PAYLOAD RESULTS If measuring on a PDH interface, the results are available on the display.

  • Page 106: Monitoring Signaling Bits

    Monitoring Signaling Bits Monitoring Signaling Bits Description The HP 37717C receiver can be used to monitor the state of signaling bits in received 2 Mb/s signals with timeslot-16 CAS (PCM30 or PCM30CRC) multiframing, structured or unstructured, and also in DS1 structured signals (Option 110 instruments).

  • Page 107

    Making Measurements Monitoring Signaling Bits Results Displayed The state of the received signaling information is displayed on the page. PDH PAYLOAD SIG/BIT MONITOR RESULTS Note: To display 2 Mb/s signaling information PCM30 or PCM30CRC framing must be selected. Note: To display DS1 signaling information the receiver Test Signal must be set to 64 kb/s, Nx64 kb/s, 56 kb/s or Nx56 kb/s.

  • Page 108: Measuring Service Disruption Time

    Making Measurements Measuring Service Disruption Time Measuring Service Disruption Time Description: Protection switching ensures that data integrity is maintained and revenue protected when equipment failure occurs. The speed of operation of the protection switch can be measured. This measurement is available in instruments with option UKJ, Structured PDH fitted or at STM-4c if option 130 or 131 is fitted, or if option 110 DSn SPDH is fitted.

  • Page 109

    Making Measurements Measuring Service Disruption Time Option Option UKJ: Service Disruption is selected on the page. RESULTS Differences Option 110: Service Disruption is selected on the page except RESULTS for the following configurations: • If you select a PDH or SDH/SONET interface and an ANSI (DS1, DS3) framed, unstructured payload you must select Service Disruption on the Transmitter and Receiver TEST FUNCTION page (option 110 only).

  • Page 110: Performing An Sonet Tributary Scan

    TRANSMIT mapping setup determines the tributary structure. MAIN SETTINGS The HP 37717C will configure the Transmitter to the Receiver and the PATTERN is forced to the payload it will fill. Option If your instrument has option 120 fitted you can perform a tributary scan Differences of Sonet tributaries.

  • Page 111

    START. 5 If the Scan is started on the SONET TEST FUNCTION TRANSMIT display, the HP 37717C changes to the display. RESULTS If a single path, for example, SIGNAL STS-3c SPE is chosen, then Tributary Scan is disabled.

  • Page 112: Performing A Sonet Alarm Scan

    Making Measurements Performing a SONET Alarm Scan Performing a SONET Alarm Scan Description SONET Alarm Scan tests each channel for alarm free operation and identifies and indicates any Unequipped channels. You can configure the Scan to check for the occurrence of any Path layer CV errors above a chosen threshold.

  • Page 113

    Making Measurements Performing a SONET Alarm Scan 3 Choose the CV error threshold. 4 Choose START to start the Alarm Scan. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 114: Performing A Pdh Alarm Scan

    Making Measurements Performing a PDH Alarm Scan Performing a PDH Alarm Scan Description PDH Alarm Scan tests each channel for the following alarms: Frame Loss The channel in which an alarm occurs is highlighted. HOW TO: 1 Set up the receive PDH interface as required. See “Setting PDH Receive Interface”...

  • Page 115: Selecting The Atm Measurement Parameters

    You need to make a number of selections which define the type of test you want to make and the cell which you want to be subject of the test. TIP: If you wish to set the HP 37717C transmitter and Receiver to the same interface settings, choose . This...

  • Page 116

    Making Measurements Selecting the ATM Measurement Parameters MANAGEMENT is available for MEASUREMENT MODE measurements when is chosen. IN SERVICE 3 Specify the CELL HEADER parameters for the test. The selections available will depend on type of CELL SELECTED FOR TEST. 4 Specify the CELL PAYLOAD.

  • Page 117: Making Atm Measurements

    Making Measurements Making ATM Measurements Making ATM Measurements Description Received cells, non conforming cells, HEC errors and 1pt Cell Delay Variation are measured in-service and out-of -service. Lost cells, missinserted cells, payload errors and 2pt Cell Delay Variation are measured out-of -service. If you are measuring 2-point CDV the foreground payload must be the test cell.

  • Page 118: Measuring Cell Transfer Delay And Cell Delay Variation

    Making Measurements Measuring Cell Transfer Delay and Cell Delay Variation Measuring Cell Transfer Delay and Cell Delay Variation Description Cell transfer delay may occur because of physical layer switching and propagation delay over long transmission paths. At the ATM layer, queueing and cell multiplexing may cause additional and varying delay (CDV).

  • Page 119

    Making Measurements Measuring Cell Transfer Delay and Cell Delay Variation 4 You can view the CDV results on the CELL DELAY RESULTS display. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 120: Measuring Atm Non-conforming Cells And One-point Cell Delay Variation

    Description ATM policing is performed using the Generic Cell Rate Algorithm (GCRA). The HP 37717C can perform a single GCRA policing test using the Peak Cell Rate and CDV tolerance parameters. Any cell received that does not conform to the GCRA test is measured as a non-conforming cell.

  • Page 121: Monitoring Atm Alarms

    Making Measurements Monitoring ATM Alarms Monitoring ATM Alarms Description There are two indications of ATM alarm conditions, The duration of alarms during a test is shown on the alarm seconds results display and any existing alarms are shown by the front panel LED alarm indicators. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ...

  • Page 122: 4 Storing, Logging And Printing

    Storing, Logging and Printing Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 123: Saving Graphics Results To Instrument Store

    Storing, Logging and Printing Saving Graphics Results to Instrument Store Saving Graphics Results to Instrument Store Description Graphical representation of measurement results is very useful particularly during a long measurement period. It provides an overview of the results and can be printed for record keeping. Graphics results can be stored in instrument graph storage or on floppy disk.

  • Page 124: Recalling Stored Graph Results

    Storing, Logging and Printing Recalling Stored Graph Results Recalling Stored Graph Results Description Results stored from a previous measurement can be recalled to the graphics displays for viewing and printing. HOW TO: 1 If currently viewing the bar graph display, select then TEXT RESULTS .

  • Page 125

    Storing, Logging and Printing Recalling Stored Graph Results is chosen, a DELETE ALL CONFIRM DELETE ABORT DELETE choice is provided to prevent accidental deletion of all the stored results. The top row of the display comprises five fields: Store Memory location in which the displayed bar graph data is stored.

  • Page 126: Viewing The Bar Graph Display

    Storing, Logging and Printing Viewing the Bar Graph Display Viewing the Bar Graph Display Description All the graphic results obtained during the measurement are available for viewing. Identify a period of interest and zoom in for more detailed examination. HOW TO: 1 To view the current bar graphs, press and use GRAPH...

  • Page 127

    Storing, Logging and Printing Viewing the Bar Graph Display The top row of the display comprises three fields: Store Memory location in which the displayed bar graph data is stored. Store can only be changed when the status of stored results is displayed. See "Recalling Stored Graph Results "...

  • Page 128: Viewing The Graphics Error And Alarm Summaries

    Storing, Logging and Printing Viewing the Graphics Error and Alarm Summaries Viewing the Graphics Error and Alarm Summaries Description The error and alarm summaries of the measurement chosen are displayed on the display. The error summary or alarm TEXT RESULTS summary can be viewed at any time.

  • Page 129

    Storing, Logging and Printing Viewing the Graphics Error and Alarm Summaries Store can only be changed when the status of stored results is displayed. See "Recalling Stored Graph Results " page 113. Start The start time and date of the test, that produced the displayed results.

  • Page 130: Logging Graph Displays

    If Option A3B or Option A3D, Remote Control, is fitted, the bar graphs and error and alarm summary can be logged to an external HP DeskJet printer at the end of the test period. If a printer is not immediately available, the graphics results remain in memory and can be logged at a later time when a printer becomes available.

  • Page 131: Logging Results

    Storing, Logging and Printing Logging Results Logging Results Test Period Logging Description If degradations in system performance can be observed at an early stage, then the appropriate remedial action can be taken to maximize circuit availability and avoid system crashes. Test period logging allows you to monitor the error performance of your circuit.

  • Page 132

    DEVICE • Optional Internal printer fitted into the instrument front cover (Option UKX) • External HP-IB printer (options A3B & A3D) • External RS-232-C printer (options A3B & A3D) • External Parallel Port printer (options A3B & A3D) • Disk Drive HOW TO: 1 Choose LOGGING [ON] - enables the logging of results and alarms.

  • Page 133

    If RS232 is chosen, see "Logging Results to RS-232-C Printer " page 126. If HPIB is chosen, see "Logging Results to HP-IB Printer " page 124. If PARALLEL is chosen, see "Logging Results to Parallel (Centronics) Printer " page 123.

  • Page 134: Logging Results To Parallel (centronics) Printer

    HOW TO: 1 Connect the Parallel printer to the PARALLEL port. See "Connecting an HP DeskJet Printer to a Parallel Port " page 128. 2 If a non HP printer is connected choose ALT PRINTER. Choose 80 character column width (NORMAL) or 40 character column width (COMPRESS) according to the capabilities of your printer.

  • Page 135: Logging Results To Hp-ib Printer

    Logging Results to HP-IB Printer Description If Option A3B or A3D, Remote Control Interface, is fitted, you can log the results and alarms to an external HP-IB printer connected to the HP-IB port. HOW TO: 1 Connect an HP-IB printer to the HPIB port.

  • Page 136: Logging Results To Internal Printer

    Storing, Logging and Printing Logging Results to Internal Printer Logging Results to Internal Printer Description If Option UKX, Internal Printer is fitted, you can log the results and alarms to the in-lid printer. HOW TO: 1 Choose the LOGGING SETUP [CONTROL] settings. See "Logging Results "...

  • Page 137: Logging Results To Rs-232-c Printer

    Choosing RS232 external printer for logging prevents the use of RS-232-C remote control. 2 If a non HP printer is connected choose ALT PRINTER. Choose 80 character column width (NORMAL) or 40 character column width (COMPRESS) according to the capabilities of your printer.

  • Page 138: Printing Results From Disk

    Printing Results from Disk Printing Results from Disk Description The results and alarms you logged to Disk can be printed by removing the Disk from the HP 37717C and inserting it into a personal computer (PC). Print from DOS Prompt HOW TO: copy/b a:\<filename>...

  • Page 139: Connecting An Hp Deskjet Printer To A Parallel Port

    Connecting an HP DeskJet Printer to a Parallel Port Description If Remote Control Option, A3B or A3D, is fitted, the HP 37717C has the capability of interfacing with an HP DeskJet printer or, an alternative suppliers printer, via the PARALLEL port.

  • Page 140: Changing Internal Printer Paper

    Storing, Logging and Printing Changing Internal Printer Paper Changing Internal Printer Paper Description The printer accepts rolls of thermal paper with the following dimensions: Width: 216 mm (8.5 in) or 210 mm (8.27 in) (A4) tolerance +2.0 mm - 1.0 mm Maximum Outside Diameter: 40 mm Inside Core Diameter: Between 12.5 mm and 13.2 mm...

  • Page 141

    N OT E the sensitive side (slightly shiny) is the underside. The illustrations here show the correct fitting for HP 9270-1360 paper which has the sensitive side on the outside of the roll. 5 Feed the paper into the upper entry of the print mechanism. When the front cover of the print mechanism is closed, the printer should automatically feed the paper through until there is approximately 2.5...

  • Page 142

    Storing, Logging and Printing Changing Internal Printer Paper 6 If the printer paper is incorrectly aligned, raise the printer mechanism front cover to releases the paper drive and realign the paper. LIFT TO ADJUST PAPER ALIGNMENT Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 143: Cleaning Internal Printer Print Head

    Storing, Logging and Printing Cleaning Internal Printer Print Head Cleaning Internal Printer Print Head Description The print head should be cleaned when broken or light characters occur in a vertical line on the page. To maintain a high quality print, clean the print head after 200 to 300 prints.

  • Page 144

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 145: Storing Configurations In Instrument Store

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Storing Configurations in Instrument Store Storing Configurations in Instrument Store Description You can store measurement settings which are used regularly and recall them with a single operation. One preset store is provided which cannot be overwritten, STORED SETTING NUMBER [0].

  • Page 146: Storing Current Configurations On Disk

    Configurations can be stored to a file on the floppy disk. The floppy disk can be used in other instruments. HOW TO: 1 Set the HP 37717C to the configuration you wish to store. ( TRANSMIT displays) RECEIVE...

  • Page 147: Setting Up A Title For Configurations In Instrument Store

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Setting up a Title for Configurations in Instrument Store Setting up a Title for Configurations in Instrument Store Description When storing configurations, you can give them an easily remembered title for identification at a later date. HOW TO: 1 Choose the STORED SETTING NUMBER which contains the stored configuration.

  • Page 148: Recalling Configurations From Instrument Store

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Recalling Configurations from Instrument Store Recalling Configurations from Instrument Store Description Having stored a configuration for future use, you must be able to recall that configuration in the future. HOW TO: 1 Choose the STORED SETTING NUMBER which contains the stored configuration.

  • Page 149: Formatting A Disk

    N OT E Disks can be formatted in an IBM compatible PC (1.44M, MS-DOS only) but it is recommended that the disk is formatted in the HP 37717C as this will ensure full compatibility with the Floppy Disk power fail recovery included in the HP 37717C.

  • Page 150: Labeling A Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Labeling a Disk Labeling a Disk Description You can label your disks for ease of identification. MY DISK HOW TO: 1 Choose DISK OPERATION [DISK] [LABEL]. 2 Enter the label. The easiest method of labeling is to use the pop-up menu available with .

  • Page 151: Managing Files And Directories On Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Managing Files and Directories on Disk Managing Files and Directories on Disk Description File and Directory structures can be important in speeding up the transfer of data between the instrument and the disk drive. It is recommended that you create different directories for the different applications, for example: A:\GRAPHICS A:\LOGGING...

  • Page 152

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Managing Files and Directories on Disk Enter Using Pop-Up File List and File Name Menus HOW TO: To view a directory: 1 Set DISK OPERATION to SAVE RECALL 2 Set FILE TYPE to the type of directory, CONFIGURATION GRAPHICS DATA LOGGING SCREEN DUMP...

  • Page 153

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Managing Files and Directories on Disk 4 Use to move across the rows and to move up and down the columns. 5 Choose the character required and press . Repeat until the filename is entered. 6 Choose END and press to return to the file manager display.

  • Page 154

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Managing Files and Directories on Disk Move the highlighted cursor to the enter field and press to obtain the pop-up keypad display GRAPHICS MY DISK Enter Using Softkey HOW TO: 1 Use the softkeys. PREVIOUS CHAR NEXT CHAR This method is limited to entering Disk labels, file descriptors, file names, or a directory name when creating a directory.

  • Page 155: Adding Descriptors To Disk Files

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Adding Descriptors to Disk Files Adding Descriptors to Disk Files Description When storing configurations or graphics on disk, you can give them an easily remembered descriptor for identification at a later date. Descriptors can be added to .CNF and .SMG files. HOW TO: 1 Choose DISK OPERATION [FILE] [PROPERTIES] and DISPLAY OPTION [FILE DESCRIPTOR].

  • Page 156: Saving Graphics Results To Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Saving Graphics Results to Disk Saving Graphics Results to Disk Description Graphics results can be saved to a file on disk. Two methods of naming the file, which is created when the measurement is started, are available: Automatic A filename in the form meas001 is created automatically without any action from you.

  • Page 157

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Saving Graphics Results to Disk 2 If you wish to enter your own choice of filename, choose DISK OPERATION [SAVE], FILE TYPE [GRAPHICS] on the OTHER display. FLOPPY DISK 3 Move the highlighted cursor to NAME and enter the filename (up to 8 alphanumeric characters) using the Pop-Up or softkey methods.

  • Page 158: Saving Data Logging To Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Saving Data Logging to Disk Saving Data Logging to Disk Description Data Logging can be saved to a file on disk. The disk can be transferred to a personal computer (PC) and the logging investigated at a later date. HOW TO: 1 Choose OTHER...

  • Page 159: Recalling Configuration From Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Recalling Configuration from Disk Recalling Configuration from Disk Description If a configuration has been stored on disk, you will need to recall it at some time in the future to configure the instrument. HOW TO: 1 Choose OTHER DISK OPERATION [RECALL] FILE TYPE...

  • Page 160: Recalling Graphics Results From Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Recalling Graphics Results from Disk Recalling Graphics Results from Disk Description If graphic results have been stored on disk, you will need to recall them in able to view the results on the . display. GRAPH HOW TO: 1 Choose...

  • Page 161: Copying Configuration From Instrument Store To Disk

    If you have a configuration stored in the instrument store that you wish to use on another instrument, you can copy it to disk. The configuration can then be downloaded from the disk in to another HP 37717C with the same options as the original instrument.

  • Page 162: Copying Configuration From Disk To Instrument Store

    If you have a configuration stored in the instrument store that you wish to use on another instrument, you can copy it to Disk. The configuration can then be downloaded from the disk in another HP 37717C with the same options as the original instrument.

  • Page 163: Copying Graphics Results From Instrument Store To Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Copying Graphics Results from Instrument Store to Disk Copying Graphics Results from Instrument Store to Disk Description You can copy Graphics Results from the instrument store to the Disk. This is useful under the following conditions: •...

  • Page 164

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Copying Graphics Results from Instrument Store to Disk 4 If you wish to view the graphic results at a later date on an HP 3771C, choose FORMAT [NORMAL] . 5 To copy the configuration from instrument to Disk, choose If you have entered a filename which already exists, a warning "File...

  • Page 165: Deleting A File On Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Deleting a File on Disk Deleting a File on Disk Description Obsolete files can be deleted as an aid to efficient file management. HOW TO: Choose DISK OPERATION [FILE] [DELETE] OTHER FLOPPY DISK [DELETE FILE] and enter the filename to be deleted. See "Managing Files and Directories on Disk "...

  • Page 166: Deleting A Directory On Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Deleting a Directory on Disk Deleting a Directory on Disk Description Obsolete Directories can be deleted as an aid to efficient file management. N OT E A directory cannot be deleted until all the files within the directory have been deleted.

  • Page 167: Renaming A File On Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Renaming a File on Disk Renaming a File on Disk Description Files can be renamed as an aid to efficient file management. HOW TO: 1 Choose DISK OPERATION [FILE] OTHER FLOPPY DISK [RENAME] and enter the FROM filename. See "Managing Files and Directories on Disk "...

  • Page 168: Creating A Directory On Disk

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Creating a Directory on Disk Creating a Directory on Disk Description Directories can be created as an aid to efficient file management. CONFIG HOW TO: 1 Choose DISK OPERATION [FILE] [CREATE OTHER FLOPPY DISK DIRECTORY] and enter the directory name. See "Managing Files and Directories on Disk "...

  • Page 169

    Using Instrument and Disk Storage Creating a Directory on Disk Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 170: 6 Selecting And Using "other" Features

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 171: Coupling Transmit And Receive Settings

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Coupling Transmit and Receive Settings Coupling Transmit and Receive Settings Description When generating and measuring at the same interface level, you can have the transmit and receive settings coupled together. Any settings change made on the transmit display will automatically occur on the receive display.

  • Page 172: Suspending Test On Signal Loss

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Suspending Test on Signal Loss Suspending Test on Signal Loss When running a test, you can choose to suspend the test during periods of signal loss. 1 Select SUSPEND TEST ON SIGNAL LOSS [ON]. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 173: Setting Time & Date

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Setting Time & Date Setting Time & Date Description When making Bit error measurements and recording results you can have certain events timed chronologically, for example, Alarms; Error Seconds. The capability to set the Time and Date is provided on the OTHER display under the TIME &...

  • Page 174: Enabling Keyboard Lock

    Enabling Keyboard Lock Enabling Keyboard Lock Description You can protect the measurement settings from interference during a test. This facility is provided in the HP 37717C on the OTHER display. MISCELLANEOUS The following keys are not affected by Keyboard Lock: •...

  • Page 175: Enabling Beep On Received Error

    Enabling Beep on Received Error Description You can have an audible indication of an error which is particularly useful when the display on the test set is hidden from view. This function is provided in the HP 37717C on the display. OTHER MISCELLANEOUS...

  • Page 176: Enabling Analysis Control

    Enabling Analysis Control Enabling Analysis Control Description When Option UKK, Unstructured PDH, is fitted, the HP 37717C allows a choice of Analysis results when testing and this choice is selected under ANALYSIS DISPLAY MODE. This function is provided on the display.

  • Page 177: Setting Error Threshold Indication

    When making error measurements, you can have an indication of when an error count or error ratio threshold has been exceeded. You can set the HP 37717C to indicate this by a color change of the bar on the GRAPH display and the result on the display.

  • Page 178: Dumping Display To Disk

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Dumping Display to Disk Dumping Display to Disk Description The display may be “dumped” to a disk file using the “SCREEN DUMP” feature. When the logging control and floppy disk are set up for screen dump, the current display is dumped to disk with PRINT NOW Select...

  • Page 179

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Dumping Display to Disk 4 Select and set DISK OPERATION to [SAVE] . OTHER FLOPPY DISK Set FILE TYPE to [SCREEN DUMP]. 6 Enter the file name of your choice in NAME. Note that a screen dump file name can have a maximum of 8 characters N OT E with a fixed.BMP suffix, indicating a bitmap format.

  • Page 180: Setting Screen Brightness And Color

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Setting Screen Brightness and Color Setting Screen Brightness and Color Description The HP 37717C screen can be set to single or two color using the COLOR PALETTE selection on the display. OTHER COLOR CONTROL The screen brightness can be set to full or half brightness. This allows...

  • Page 181: Running Self Test

    Description Before using the HP 37717C to make measurements, you can run Self Test ALL TESTS to ascertain the integrity of the HP 37717C. These tests take between 15 minutes and 1 hour to complete depending on the options fitted.

  • Page 182

    1310 nm OUT port to the IN port. Do not connect the 1550 nm OUT port to the IN port. N OT E If any or all of these connections are not made the HP 37717C will FAIL Self Test. 4 Press to activate the Self Test.

  • Page 183

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Running Self Test Additional Tests Some options require additional tests to be carried out to completely verify the option integrity. These require different connections and the tests run individually. RS-232-C Tests: If Option A3B or A3D is fitted, the RS-232-C interface is not fully tested. To fully test RS-232-C: 1 Choose CPU TESTS.

  • Page 184

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Running Self Test 2 Connect STM-1/STM-4 1550 nm OUT to STM-1/STM-4 1550 nm IN via an Optical Attenuator set to 10 dB. 3 Run the STM-1/STM-4 OPTICS TESTS. Datacomm Tests: If Option A1T[A1U] or A3R [A3S], SDH Module, is fitted, the Datacomm RS449 port is not tested under ALL TESTS To test the Datacomm port: 1 Choose SDH TESTS.

  • Page 185

    Selecting and Using "Other" Features Running Self Test Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 186: 7 Sts-1 Spe Background Patterns

    Appendix A STS-1 SPE Background Patterns The following tables list the background patterns available when selecting specific foregrounds. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 187

    STS-1 SPE Background Patterns Table 2 STS-1 SPE Background Patterns Foreground Background choice in Background choice in other Foreground TUG-3 AU-3 STS-1 SPE --------- VT-1.5, VT-2 Mapping or SPE Word (8 bit user programmable word). VT-6 Pattern in other VT-6s is numbered. They VT-1.5, VT-2 Mapping or SPE contain the word 11NNNNNx, where NNNNN is Word (8 bit user programmable...

  • Page 188: 8 Etsi/ansi Terminology

    Appendix B ETSI/ANSI Terminology A table of ETSI terms with their ANSI equivalents. Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 189: Etsi/ansi Conversion And Equivalent Terms

    STS-1 SPE + H1, H2, H3 AU-4 STS-3c SPE + H1, H2, H3 BIP (Bit Interleaved parity) CV (Code Violation) High Order Path (HP / HO) STS Path I-n Intra Office, (n=STM-n level) Intermediate Reach (IR) L-n.1 or L-n.2 long haul...

  • Page 190

    Multiplexer Section Overhead Line Overhead Network Node Interface Line Interface SEF (severely errored frame defect) Path AIS / AU-AIS AIS-P Path REI / HP REI REI-P Path FERF / HP RDI RDI-P Path IEC / AU-IEC IEC-P Path Overhead Path Overhead...

  • Page 191

    ETSI/ANSI Terminology ETSI/ANSI Conversion and Equivalent Terms Table 3 ETSI / ANSI Terminology , continued ETSI Term ANSI Term Tributary Unit (TU) Virtual Tributary (VT) TU-11 VT 1.5 TU-12 VT 2 TU-2 VT 6 TU-3 NONE TU BIP VT BIP (CV-V) TU RDI / LP-RDI RDI-V VT Group...

  • Page 192

    Index create directory, 157 Alarm monitoring, ATM, 110 Capture overhead, 35 data entry using pop-up file list, 141 Alarm scan Cell delay variation measurement, ATM, data entry using softkeys, 143 PDH, 103 delete directory, 155 SDH, 101 Cell misinsertion and loss delete file, 154 Alarms &...

  • Page 193

    115 sequence generation, 33 M2110 analysis measurement, 85 SOH monitor, 30 M2120 analysis measurement, 85 SOH transmit, 29 Managing HP path label monitoring, 31 trace messages, 32 disk directories, 140 HP-IB printer, 124 transmit, 28 disk files, 140 Overhead capture...

  • Page 194

    DCC insert, 79 framing, SDH receive, 21 HP-IB, 124 errors & alarms add, 59 insert external, 52 HP-IB, logging to, 124 external payload drop, 54 N X 64 kb/s receive, 50 internal, changing paper, 129 external payload insert, 52 N X 64 kb/s transmit, 48...

  • Page 195

    Index ESF Payload, 96 Trace messages, 32 Single cell Transmit interface ATM transmit, selection and use, 56 binary PDH, 4 Single cell PRBS, 56 binary SDH, 6 jitter, 9 Monitoring, 30 PDH, 2 Setting, 29 physical for ATM payloads, 12 Spare bits, 66 SDH, 6 Spare bits test function, 66...

  • Page 196

    Hewlett-Packard Sales and Service Offices If you need technical assistance with a For countries in Asia Pacific not listed, Hewlett-Packard test and measurement contact: product or application please contact the Hewlett-Packard office or distributor in Hewlett-Packard Asia Pacific Ltd your country. 17-21/F Shell Tower, Times Square, 1 Matheson Street Asia Pacific:...

  • Page 197

    Hewlett-Packard Sales and Service Offices (cont’d) Finland: Tel: (90) 88 721 Sweden: Tel: (08) 444 22 77 France: Tel: (0)1 69.82.60.60 Switzerland: Tel: (01) 735 7111 Germany: Tel: (0180) 532 62-33 Turkey: Tel: 90-212-2245925 Greece: Tel: 30-1-7264045 United Kingdom: Tel: (01344) 366 666 Hungary: Tel: 36-1-4618219 For countries in Europe/Middle East...

  • Page 198

    About This Edition This is the 1st edition of the 37717-90403 manual. It documents the product as of March 1998. Edition dates are as follows: 1st Edition, March 1998 © Copyright Hewlett- Packard Ltd. 1998. All rights reserved. Reproduction, adaption, or translation without prior written permission is prohibited, except as...

  • Page 199

    In This Book tells you how to select and use This book the various instrument functions available. Printed in U.K. 03/98 37717-90403 Artisan Technology Group - Quality Instrumentation ... Guaranteed | (888) 88-SOURCE | www.artisantg.com...

  • Page 200

    Artisan Technology Group is your source for quality new and certified-used/pre-owned equipment SERVICE CENTER REPAIRS WE BUY USED EQUIPMENT • FAST SHIPPING AND DELIVERY Experienced engineers and technicians on staff Sell your excess, underutilized, and idle used equipment at our full-service, in-house repair center We also offer credit for buy-backs and trade-ins •...

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