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Toro 71185 Operator's Manual

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FORM NO. 3317–929
Wheel Horse
13–38 XL
Lawn Tractor
Model No. 71185 – 6900001 & Up
Operator's Manual
IMPORTANT: Read this manual carefully. It contains information about your
safety and the safety of others. Also become familiar with the controls and
their proper use before you operate the product.

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  Summary of Contents for Toro 71185

  • Page 1 FORM NO. 3317–929 Wheel Horse 13–38 XL Lawn Tractor Model No. 71185 – 6900001 & Up Operator’s Manual IMPORTANT: Read this manual carefully. It contains information about your safety and the safety of others. Also become familiar with the controls and...
  • Page 2 Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate and maintain your product correctly. Reading this All of us at Toro want you to be completely satisfied manual will help you and others avoid personal injury with your new product, so feel free to contact your and damage to the product.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Contents Page Page Maintenance ......Safety ....... . . Service Interval Chart .
  • Page 4: Safety

    Safety This machine meets or exceeds the B71.1–1990 General Operation specifications of the American National Standards Read, understand, and follow all instructions in Institute, in effect at the time of production. the operator’s manual and on the machine before However, improper use or maintenance by the starting.
  • Page 5: Slope Operation

    Safety 13. Mow only in daylight or good artificial light. Keep all movement on slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed or 14. Do not operate the machine while under the direction. influence of alcohol or drugs. Avoid starting or stopping on a slope.
  • Page 6 Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, the end of a fence or other objects 10. Use only genuine Toro replacement parts to that may obscure vision. ensure that original standards are maintained. 11. Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and Service service as required.
  • Page 7: Slope Chart

    Safety Slope Chart Read all safety instructions on pages 2–4.
  • Page 9: Safety And Instruction Decals

    Safety Safety and Instruction Decals Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any area of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost. ON GRASS DEFLECTOR UNDER GRASS DEFLECTOR ON MOWER CENTER AND ON (Part No.
  • Page 10: Gasoline And Oil

    Stabilizer/Conditioner Toro Stabilizer/Conditioner Use UNLEADED Regular Gasoline suitable for automotive use (85 pump octane minimum). Leaded Add the correct amount of Toro Gas regular gasoline may be used if unleaded regular is Stabilizer/Conditioner to the gas. not available. Keeps gasoline fresh during storage...
  • Page 11: Operation

    Operation Think Safety First Parking Brake Please carefully read all the safety instructions on Always set the parking brake when you stop the pages 2–7. Knowing this information could help you, machine or leave it unattended. your family, pets or bystanders avoid injury. Setting the Parking Brake Controls Push the clutch/brake pedal (Fig.
  • Page 12: Positioning The Seat

    Operation Positioning the Seat Positioning the Tilt Steering Wheel The seat can move forward and backward. Position the seat where you have the best control of the On select models the steering wheel tilts up and machine and are most comfortable. down.
  • Page 13: Using The Blade Control (Pto)

    Operation Using the Blade Control (PTO) Setting the Height-of-Cut The blade control (PTO) engages and disengages The height-of-cut lever (deck lift) is used to raise and power to the blade(s). lower the mower to the desired cutting height. The cutting height may be set in one of seven Engaging the Blade(s) positions from approximately 1 to 4 inches (25 to 102 mm).
  • Page 14: Starting And Stopping The Engine

    Operation Starting and Stopping the Engine Starting Sit down on the seat. Set the parking brake; refer to Setting the Parking Brake, page 9. 1893 1852 Note: The engine will not start unless you set Figure 7 Figure 8 the parking brake or fully depress the 1.
  • Page 15: The Safety System

    Operation The Safety System Understanding the Safety System The safety system is designed to prevent the engine from starting unless: You are sitting on the seat The clutch/brake pedal is depressed The blade control (PTO) is “DISENGAGED” The safety system is designed to stop the engine if you rise from the seat when the clutch/brake pedal is released or the blade is “ENGAGED.”...
  • Page 16: Driving Forward Or Backward

    Operation Driving Forward or Backward Stopping the Machine The throttle control regulates the engine speed as To stop the machine, depress the clutch/brake pedal, measured in rpm (revolutions per minute). shift into neutral, disengage the blade control (PTO), and turn the ignition key to “OFF” to stop the engine. To go forward or backward, depress the clutch/brake Also set the parking brake if you leave the machine pedal.
  • Page 17: Side Discharge Or Mulch Grass

    Operation Side Discharge Installing the or Mulch Grass Discharge Cover To convert from side discharge to a mulching mower, install the discharge cover into the opening at the side of the mower. POTENTIAL HAZARD Lift the grass deflector and slide the tabs on top Without the grass deflector, discharge of the discharge cover under the grass deflector cover, or complete grass catcher assembly...
  • Page 18: Tips For Mowing Grass

    Operation Tips for Mowing Grass Ground Speed To improve cut quality, use slower ground speed. Fast Throttle Setting For best mowing and maximum air circulation, Avoid Cutting Too Low operate the engine at “FAST.” Air is required to thoroughly cut grass clippings, so do not set the If the cutting width of the mower is wider than the height-of-cut too low or totally surround the mower mower you previously used, raise the cutting height...
  • Page 19: Maintenance

    Maintenance Service Interval Chart Each Storage Spring Service Operation Hours Hours Service Service Notes Oil—periodic change (50 hours or once each season) Oil—check level Safety System—check Cutter Blade—check Brake—check Chassis—grease More often in More often in Foam Air Cleaner—service dusty, dirty conditions Paper Air Cleaner—replace Spark Plug—check...
  • Page 20: Greasing And Lubrication

    Maintenance Greasing and Lubrication Tire Pressure Service Interval/Specification Service Interval/Specification Grease the machine after every 25 operating hours or Maintain the air pressure in the front and rear tires as once a year, whichever occurs first. Grease more specified. Check the pressure at the valve stem after frequently when operating conditions are extremely every 25 operating hours or yearly, whichever occurs dusty or sandy.
  • Page 21: Brake

    Maintenance Brake Adjusting the Brake Check the brake before you adjust it; refer to The brake is on the right side of the rear axle, inside Checking the Brake, page 19. the rear tire (Fig. 14). If the brake does not hold securely or stopping power is insufficient, an To increase braking resistance, tighten the brake adjustment is required.
  • Page 22: Wiring Diagram

    Maintenance Wiring Diagram...
  • Page 23: Fuse

    Maintenance Fuse Service Interval/Specification The electrical system is protected by fuses. No maintenance is required, however, if a fuse blows check the circuit wiring for a short. To replace a fuse pull up (Fig. 15) to remove from socket. Push down to insert.
  • Page 24: Battery

    Maintenance Battery Installing the Battery Put the battery into the battery box and slide the Service Interval/Specification vent tube into the channel and through the slot in the bottom of the box (Fig. 19). Check the electrolyte level in the battery before each use.
  • Page 25 Maintenance Checking Electrolyte Level Charging the Battery Tip the seat forward to see the battery. IMPORTANT: Always keep the battery fully charged (1.260 specific gravity). This is Look at the side of the battery. The electrolyte especially important to prevent battery must be up to the “UPPER”...
  • Page 26: Spark Plug

    Maintenance Spark Plug Checking the Spark Plug Look at the center of the spark plug (Fig. 22). If Service Interval/Specification you see light brown or gray on the insulator, the engine is operating properly. A black coating on Install a new spark plug after every 100 operating the insulator usually means the air cleaner is hours.
  • Page 27: Fuel Tank

    Maintenance Fuel Tank Draining The Fuel Tank POTENTIAL HAZARD In certain conditions gasoline is extremely flammable and highly explosive. WHAT CAN HAPPEN 1873 A fire or explosion from gasoline can burn you, others, and cause property damage. Figure 23 1. Hose clamp 3.
  • Page 28: Throttle And Choke Control

    Maintenance Throttle and Choke Control Normally the throttle and choke control does not require adjustment. However, you should check the control adjustment: Before adjusting the carburetor If the engine starts hard Checking and Adjusting the Throttle and Choke Control Disengage the blade control (PTO), shift into 1671 neutral, set the parking brake, and turn the Figure 24...
  • Page 29: Carburetor

    Maintenance Carburetor To adjust the carburetor, you will need a tachometer to set the idle speed. If you do not have a tachometer or the special knowledge required to adjust the carburetor, contact an authorized service dealer. IMPORTANT: Before you adjust the carburetor: (1) check the throttle control and adjust it if required;...
  • Page 30: Air Cleaner

    Maintenance Air Cleaner Carefully slide the foam element off the paper element (Fig. 27). Service Interval/Specification Foam Element: Clean and re-oil after every 25 operating hours. Paper Element: Replace after every 100 operating hours or yearly, whichever occurs first. Note: Service the air cleaner more frequently (every few hours) if operating conditions are extremely dusty or...
  • Page 31 Maintenance Cleaning the Foam and Paper Elements Foam Element A. Wash the foam element in liquid soap and warm water. When the element is clean, rinse it thoroughly. B. Dry the element by squeezing it in a clean cloth. C. Put one or two ounces of oil on the element (Fig.
  • Page 32: Engine Oil

    Maintenance Engine Oil Screw the oil dipstick fully onto the filler tube (Fig. 31). Unscrew the dipstick again and look at the metal end. If oil level is low, slowly pour Service Interval/Specification only enough oil into the filler tube to raise the level to the “FULL”...
  • Page 33 Maintenance Slowly pour approximately 80% of the specified amount of oil into the filler tube (Fig. 31). Now check the oil level; refer to Checking Oil Level, page 30, steps 4–5. 1869 Figure 32 1. Oil drain plug 2. Oil dipstick/fill tube...
  • Page 34: Cutting Blade

    Maintenance Cutting Blade To assure a superior quality of cut, keep the blade(s) sharp. For convenient sharpening and replacement, you may want to have an extra blade(s). POTENTIAL HAZARD A blade that is worn or damaged could break apart and pieces could be thrown at bystanders or at you as you use the mower.
  • Page 35 Maintenance Sharpening the Blade(s) Installing the Blade(s) Use a file to sharpen the cutting edge at both Install the blade, blade retainer, curved washer ends of the blade (Fig. 35). Maintain the original (cupped side toward blade), and the blade bolt angle.
  • Page 36: Removing The Mower

    Maintenance Removing the Mower Move the height-of-cut lever (deck lift) into the “A” notch. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage Unhook the blade control (PTO) cable ring end the blade control (PTO), set the parking brake, from the idler spring (Fig. 38). and turn the ignition key to “OFF”...
  • Page 37 Maintenance Remove the bolts and lock nuts and pull the two Remove the hair pin cotter and washer from the mower pivot mount brackets down from the end of the long rod (Fig. 40). Slide the rod out of front axle (Fig. 39). the mower mount.
  • Page 38 Maintenance 13. Remove the mower belt from the lower engine pulley (Fig. 41). If you are careful, you can flex the belt guide(s) just far enough away from the pulley to remove the belt. If it is too difficult to remove the belt, loosen the bolts and nuts securing the belt guides.
  • Page 39: Installing The Mower

    Maintenance Installing the Mower Move the height-of-cut lever (deck lift) into the “A” notch. Park the machine on a level surface, disengage Slide the end of the long rod through the hole in the blade control (PTO), shift into neutral, set the mower mount (Fig.
  • Page 40 Maintenance Look under tractor and take down blade control (PTO) cable nested inside frame rail. 10. Remove first jam nut and thread second jam nut onto the blade control (PTO) cable all the way. Rout cable through slot in deck bracket and thread second jam nut onto cable (Fig.
  • Page 41: Blade Drive Belt

    Maintenance Blade Drive Belt Removing the Blade Drive Belt Remove the mower; refer to Removing the Mower, page 34. Remove the pulley cover mounting screws and pulley covers from both blade pulleys (Fig. 47). Loosen, but do not remove the bolt and nut securing the idler pulley and belt guide (Fig.
  • Page 42: Side-To-Side Mower Leveling

    Maintenance Side-to-Side Mower Leveling Remove the hair pin cotter and washer from the leveling bracket (Fig. 49). To level the blade(s), reposition the leveling bracket in a different hole The mower blades must be level from side to side. and install the washer and hair pin cotter. Check the side-to-side level any time you install the (Fig.
  • Page 43: Front-To-Rear Blade Slope

    Maintenance Front-to-Rear Blade Slope Check the front to rear slope by measuring between the bottom of the mower (front center and rear center) and the flat surface Check the front-to-rear blade slope any time you (Fig. 51). If the front of the mower is more than install the mower.
  • Page 44 Maintenance To adjust front-to-rear blade slope loosen front pivot plate mounting bolts slightly (Fig. 52). Rotate lock nuts on eyebolts to change adjustment (Fig. 52).To raise the front of the mower tighten the eyebolt lock nuts. To lower the front of the mower loosen the eyebolt lock nuts.
  • Page 45: Storage

    Check the condition of the blade drive belt. that no gasoline is in the fuel system. Check the brake; refer to Brake, page 18. B. Add the correct amount of Toro Service the air cleaner; refer to Air Cleaner, Stabilizer/Conditioner to a full tank of page 28.
  • Page 46: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSES CORRECTIVE ACTION Starter does not crank Blade control (PTO) is Move blade control (PTO) to ENGAGED. DISENGAGED. Parking brake is not on. Set parking brake. Battery is dead. Charge the battery. Electrical connections are Check electrical connections corroded or loose.
  • Page 47 Troubleshooting PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSES CORRECTIVE ACTION Engine loses power (continued). Vent hole in fuel cap is Clean or replace the fuel cap. plugged. Dirt in fuel filter. Replace fuel filter. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in Contact Authorized Service fuel system.

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