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Nokia Customer Care
Service Manual
RM-179; RM-223 (Nokia N81)
Mobile Terminal
Part No: (Issue 1)
COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL
Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

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   Summary of Contents for Nokia n81

  • Page 1

    Nokia Customer Care Service Manual RM-179; RM-223 (Nokia N81) Mobile Terminal Part No: (Issue 1) COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 2

    RM-179; RM-223 Amendment Record Sheet Amendment Record Sheet Amendment No Date Inserted By Comments Issue 1 09/2007 Page ii COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 3

    Nokia operates a policy of continuous development. Nokia reserves the right to make changes and improvements to any of the products described in this document without prior notice. Under no circumstances shall Nokia be responsible for any loss of data or income or any special, incidental, consequential or indirect damages howsoever caused.

  • Page 4: Warnings And Cautions

    WCDMA networks and cause problems to 3G cellular phone communication in a wide area. • During testing never activate the GSM or WCDMA transmitter without a proper antenna load, otherwise GSM or WCDMA PA may be damaged. Page iv COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 5

    RM-179; RM-223 ESD protection ESD protection Nokia requires that service points have sufficient ESD protection (against static electricity) when servicing the phone. Any product of which the covers are removed must be handled with ESD protection. The SIM card can be replaced without ESD protection if the product is otherwise ready for use.

  • Page 6

    All of the above suggestions apply equally to the product, battery, charger or any accessory. Page vi COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 7

    Our policy is of continuous development; details of all technical modifications will be included with service bulletins. While every endeavour has been made to ensure the accuracy of this document, some errors may exist. If any errors are found by the reader, NOKIA MOBILE PHONES Business Group should be notified in writing/e- mail. Please state: •...

  • Page 8: Battery Information

    Batteries' performance is particularly limited in temperatures well below freezing. Do not dispose of batteries in a fire! Dispose of batteries according to local regulations (e.g. recycling). Do not dispose as household waste. Page viii COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 9

    Nokia N81 Service Manual Structure 1 General Information 2 Service Tools and Service Concepts 3 Baseband Troubleshooting 4 RF troubleshooting 5 Camera Module Troubleshooting 6 System Module and User Interface Glossary Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page ix Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 10

    RM-179; RM-223 Nokia N81 Service Manual Structure (This page left intentionally blank.) Page x COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 11

    Nokia Customer Care 1 — General Information Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 1 –1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 12

    RM-179; RM-223 General Information (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 1 –2 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 13: Table Of Contents

    Transceiver general specifications ........................1–9 Main RF characteristics for GSM850/EGSM900/GSM1800/GSM1900 and WCDMA phones ......1–9 Battery endurance............................1–10 List of Figures Figure 1 RM-179 phone............................1–5 Figure 2 RM-223 phone............................1–5 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 1 –3 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 14

    RM-179; RM-223 General Information (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 1 –4 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 15: Product Selection, Hardware Features

    Figure 1 RM-179 phone Figure 2 RM-223 phone Product features and sales package Hardware features • GPRS multi slot at least class 10 (4+1, 2+2), class B Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 1 –5 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 16: Software Features, Sales Package

    • MicroSD card (1GB) (MU-22) (only RM-223) • Micro USB Data Cable (CA-101) • Battery (BP-6MT) • Travel Charger (AC-5) • CD ROM • User Guide • Quick Guide Page 1 –6 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 17: Mobile Enhancements

    Retractable mobile charger DC-9 Charger adapter CA-44 Audio Enhancement Type Stereo headset HS-43 HS-48 Music headset HS-16 AD-43 Headset HS-41 3.5 mm headphone HS-44 HS-45 HS-61 HS-62 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 1 –7 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 18: Table Of Contents

    BH-501 TTY adapter HDA-12 Messaging Enhancement Type Wireless keyboard SU-8W Digital pen SU-27W Music Enhancement Type Music headphones HS-61 Advanced music headphones HS-62 Mini speaker MD-4 Page 1 –8 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 19: Technical Specifications

    Rx frequency band GSM850: 869 - 894MHz EGSM900: 925 - 960 MHz GSM1800: 1805 - 1880 MHz GSM1900: 1930 - 1990 MHz WCDMA2100: 2110 - 2170 MHz Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 1 –9 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 20: Battery Endurance, Charging Times

    17days (GSM) 2.1h 3h (WCDMA@10dBm) 20days (WCDMA) Note: Operation times may vary depending on radio access technology used, operator network configuration and usage. Charging times AC-5 1h20min Page 1 –10 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 21: Company Confidential Page

    Nokia Customer Care 2 — Service Tools and Service Concepts Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 22

    RM-179; RM-223 Service Tools and Service Concepts (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 2 –2 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 23

    RF testing / BB tuning concept........................2–25 RF/BB tuning and flashing with FPS-10 ....................... 2–26 RF/BB tuning and flashing with FLS-5 ......................2–27 Bluetooth test concept with SB-6......................... 2–28 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –3 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 24

    Figure 12 RF/BB tuning and flashing with FPS-10 ................... 2–26 Figure 13 RF/BB tuning and flashing with FLS-5....................2–27 Figure 14 Bluetooth test concept with SB-6..................... 2–28 Page 2 –4 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 25: Service Tools

    FS-37 is a product specific adapter for SW update and testing purposes. It is compatible to SS-62 and SS-46. It provides galvanic connetion to terminal test pads and battery connector. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –5 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 26

    WCDMA TX 9750 1950 WCDMA RX 10700 2140 RJ-130 Soldering jig RJ-130 is a jig to support component level exchange with soldering machines for the engine module. Page 2 –6 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 27

    2112.4 17.60 16.82 17.47 15.21 9750 / WCDMA I 10700 1950.0 2140.0 17.80 15.61 17.24 14.54 9887 / High 10837 1977.6 2167.6 17.82 15.77 17.19 15.20 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –7 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 28

    The table below gives a short overview of service tools that can be used for testing, error analysis and repair of product RM-179; RM-223, refer to various concepts. Page 2 –8 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 29

    4 Connect an FBUS cable (if necessary). 5 Start Phoenix service software. Note: Phoenix enables CU-4 regulators via USB when it is started. Reconnecting the power supply requires a Phoenix restart. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –9 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 30

    WCDMA network, a shield box is needed in all testing, tuning and fault finding which requires WCDMA RF signal. The shield box is not an active device, it contains only passive filtering components for RF attenuation. Page 2 –10 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 31

    Rework jig RJ-157 is a jig used for soldering and as a rework jig for the engine module. It is used together with the ST-55 stencil. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –11 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 32

    Bluetooth. An ACP-8x charger is needed for BER testing and an AXS-4 cable in case of cordless interface usage testing . Sales package includes: • SB-6 test box • Installation and warranty information Page 2 –12 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 33

    • provides standardised interface towards Control Unit • provides RF connection using galvanic connector or coupler • multiplexing between USB and FBUS media, controlled by VUSB Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –13 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 34

    The table below gives a short overview of service tools that can be used for testing, error analysis and repair of product RM-179; RM-223, refer to various concepts. Page 2 –14 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 35

    • most accurate RF connection to phone module under test • low attenuation and small “ripple” over the width of each GSM band Note: The RF cable must be used for RF tuning. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –15 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 36

    The RF cable is used to connect, for example, a module repair jig to the RF measurement equipment. SMA to N-Connector ca. 610mm. Attenuation for: • GSM850/900: 0.3+-0.1 dB • GSM1800/1900: 0.5+-0.1 dB • WLAN: 0.6+-0.1dB Page 2 –16 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 37

    Figure 3 POS flash concept Type Description Product specific tools BP-6MT Battery Other tools FLS-5 POS flash dongle PC with Phoenix service software Cables DKE-2 USB connectivity cable Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –17 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 38

    Other devices FPS-10 Flash prommer box PKD-1/PK-1 SW security device SS-46 Interface adapter PC with Phoenix service software Cables XCS-4 Modular cable CA-35S Power cable USB cable Page 2 –18 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 39

    Figure 5 Flash concept with FLS-5 and SS-46 Type Description Product specific tools FS-37 Flash adapter Other tools FLS-5 POS flash dongle SS-46 Interface adapter PC with Phoenix service software Cables CA-89DS Cable Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –19 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 40

    SW security device SS-62 Flash adapter base SX-4 Smart card PC with Phoenix service software Cables PCS-1 Power cable XCS-4 Modular cable Standard USB cable USB cable Page 2 –20 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 41

    Control unit FLS-5 POS flash dongle SS-62 Flash adapter base PC with Phoenix service software Cables CA-89DS Cable PCS-1 Power cable Standard USB cable USB cable Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –21 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 42

    MJ-114 Module jig Other tools CU-4 Control unit FLS-5 POS flash dongle PC with Phoenix service software Cables CA-89DS Cable PCS-1 DC power cable USB cable Page 2 –22 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 43

    SW security device SX-4 Smart card PC with VPOS and Phoenix service software Measurement equipment Cables PCS-1 DC power cable XCS-4 Modular cable XRF-1 RF cable USB cable Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –23 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 44

    Control unit PKD-1/PK-1 SW security device SX-4 Smart card Measurement equipment Smart card reader PC with Phoenix service software Cables DAU-9S MBUS cable PCS-1 DC power cable Page 2 –24 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 45

    Other tools CU-4 Control unit PKD-1/PK-1 SW security device SS-62 Flash adapter base SX-4 Smart card Measurement equipment Smart card reader PC with Phoenix service software Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –25 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 46

    MJ-114 Module jig Other tools CU-4 Control unit FPS-10 Flash prommer box PKD-1/PK-1 SW security device SX-4 Smart card Measurement equipment PC with Phoenix service software Page 2 –26 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 47

    MJ-114 Module jig Other tools CU-4 Control unit FLS-5 POS flash dongle PKD-1/PK-1 SW security device SX-4 Smart card Measurement equipment PC with Phoenix service software Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –27 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 48

    Other tools CU-4 Control unit PKD-1 SW Security device SS-62 Generic base adapter SB-6 BT test box ACP-8 Charger for SB-6 Cables PCS-1 Power cable DAU-9S Cable Page 2 –28 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 49

    RM-179; RM-223 Service Tools and Service Concepts Type Description PCS-1 DC power cable Standard USB cable Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 2 –29 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 50

    RM-179; RM-223 Service Tools and Service Concepts (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 2 –30 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 51

    Nokia Customer Care 3 — Baseband Troubleshooting Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 52

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 3 –2 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 53

    Energy management calibration ........................3–60 List of Tables Table 2 Display module troubleshooting cases....................3–29 Table 3 Pixel defects ............................3–29 Table 4 Calibration value limits ......................... 3–60 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –3 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 54

    Figure 25 Differential output waveform of the Ext_in_IHF_out out loop measurement when speaker is connected..............................3–43 Figure 26 Single-ended output waveform of the Ext_in_Ext_out loop............3–43 Figure 27 Single-ended output waveform of the HP_in_Ext_out loop............3–44 Page 3 –4 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 55

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Troubleshooting overview For practical reasons, troubleshooting is divided into two sections; • Baseband troubleshooting, including camera, FM radio and Bluetooth. • RF troubleshooting Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –5 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 56

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Dead or jammed device troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –6 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 57: General Power Checking

    LDO N2501 VCAMDIG External Camera, STV984 SMPS N2500 LEDOUT External < 18 Display backlight According SMPS N2301 Regulator spec MicroSD card levelshifter VIO_VILMA AVILMA 1.82 Audio, BT Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –7 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 58: Clocking Troubleshooting

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Clocking troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –8 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 59: Charging Troubleshooting

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Charging troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –9 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 60

    If the voltage stays ~0V, check resistance VBACK against GND. If there is no short circuit, AVILMA is faulty. Replace AVILMA. Page 3 –10 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 61

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Flash programming fault troubleshooting Part 1 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –11 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 62

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Part 2 Figure 17 Take single trig measurement for the rise of the BSI signal. Page 3 –12 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 63

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Combo memory troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –13 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 64

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting MicroSD card troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –14 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 65

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –15 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 66

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting EMMC troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –16 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 67

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Figure 18 EMMC initialise Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –17 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 68

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting USB interface troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –18 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 69

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Figure 19 USB connector Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –19 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 70

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting SIM card troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –20 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 71

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –21 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 72: Hall Sensor Troubleshooting

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Hall sensor troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –22 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 73

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting WLAN interface troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –23 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 74

    (shortcut or open connection). For a more detailed description of the keyboard and keymatrix, see section Keyboard. If the failure mode is not clear, start with the Keyboard Test in Phoenix. Page 3 –24 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 75

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –25 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 76

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting NaviWheel troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –26 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 77: Power Key Troubleshooting

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Power key troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –27 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 78

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Vibra troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –28 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 79: Display Module Troubleshooting

    White Dot Total Combined Not allowed. defect counts Two single dot defects that are within 5 mm of each other should be interpreted as combined dot defect. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –29 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 80: Display Troubleshooting

    Before going to display troubleshooting flow, make sure that the engine is working and starting up correctly. If the problem is in the engine, go to baseband troubleshooting. Page 3 –30 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 81

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –31 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 82

    One other provides the LED current for ITU-keyboard and side keys. The third one provides the FlashLED current. For instructions for troubleshooting this driver, see Flash LED troubleshooting (page 5–13). Page 3 –32 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 83

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting LED driver troubleshooting part 1 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –33 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 84

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting LED driver troubleshooting part 2 Page 3 –34 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 85

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –35 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 86

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Power LED troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –36 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 87

    7. Place the JBT-9 box near (within 10 cm) the BT antenna and click Run BER Test. Results Bit Error Rate (BER) Tests pane in the Bluetooth LOCALS window. Bit Error Rate test result is displayed in the Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –37 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 88: Bluetooth Self Tests In Phoenix

    4. From the Mode drop-down menu, set mode to Local. 5. Choose Testing→Self Tests. Self Tests window check the following Bluetooth related tests: 6. In the • ST_LPRF_IF_TEST • ST_LPRF_AUDIO_LINES_TEST • ST_BT_WAKEUP_TEST Page 3 –38 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 89

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting 7. To run the tests, click Start. Phoenix Figure 23 Bluetooth self tests in Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –39 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 90: Bluetooth Troubleshooting

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Bluetooth troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –40 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 91: Audio Troubleshooting

    Note also, that when using a current probe, input signal frequency must be set to 2kHz. The signal for input is single ended. Required equipment The following equipment is needed for the tests: Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –41 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 92: Test Procedure

    B2151 all each Free terminals XMICN & Int Mic -> Acoustica 94 dB SPL Int Hands l input, Speakerp Free 1khz sine wave Measurement data Earpiece signal Page 3 –42 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 93

    Figure 25 Differential output waveform of the Ext_in_IHF_out out loop measurement when speaker is connected. External output from AV Figure 26 Single-ended output waveform of the Ext_in_Ext_out loop. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –43 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 94

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting External output from AV (acoustic input) Figure 27 Single-ended output waveform of the HP_in_Ext_out loop. Page 3 –44 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 95

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Internal earpiece troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –45 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 96

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Internal microphone troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –46 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 97

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting IHF speakers troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –47 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 98

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting External microphone troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –48 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 99

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting External earpiece troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –49 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 100: Introduction To Acoustics Troubleshooting

    The phone should be dry and clean, and no objects must be located in such a way that they close any of the holes. Page 3 –50 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 101: Earpiece Troubleshooting

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Earpiece troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –51 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 102: Ihf Troubleshooting

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting IHF troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 3 –52 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 103: Microphone Troubleshooting

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting Microphone troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –53 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 104

    Note: USB flashing does not work for a dead BB5 phone. • Create a request file. • Send the file to Nokia by e-mail. Use the following addresses depending on your location: • APAC: sydney.service@nokia.com • CHINA: repair.ams@nokia.com • E&A: salo.repair@nokia.com •...

  • Page 105

    Phoenix reads the product data as shown in the iv Go to Flashing→Firmware Update and wait until following picture. Different flash files can be selected by Flashing→Firmware Update→Options as show in the screenshot below. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –55 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 106

    RM-179; RM-223 Baseband Troubleshooting To continue, click Start. Progress bars and messages on the screen show actions during phone programming, please wait. Page 3 –56 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 107

    For this procedure, you must supply +12 V to CU-4 from an external power supply. Phoenix , choose File→Scan Product . To connect the phone with ii Choose Tools→Certificate Restore . Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –57 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 108

    Request file, click Start. To create the vi When the file for certificate restore has been created, send it to Nokia as an e-mail attachment. 3. Restore certificate. For this procedure, you must supply +12 V to CU-4 from an external power supply.

  • Page 109

    To write the file to phone, click Start. Next actions Phoenix tuning functions. After a successful rewrite, you must retune the phone completely by using Important: Perform all tunings: RF, BB, and UI. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 3 –59 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 110: Energy Management Calibration

    Write and/or repeat the procedure again. Energy Management Calibration window. 10. To end the procedure, close the Page 3 –60 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 111

    Nokia Customer Care 4 — RF troubleshooting Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 112

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 4 –2 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 113

    Tx LO leakage (WCDMA) ..........................4–53 List of Tables Table 5 Rf channel filter calibration tuning limits ................... 4–31 Table 6 RF tuning limits in Rx calibration ......................4–34 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –3 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 114

    Figure 39 Rf channel filter calibration typical values ..................4–31 Figure 40 Pop-up window for WCDMA2100...................... 4–43 Figure 41 Pop-up window for WCDMA2100...................... 4–45 Figure 42 High burst measurement ........................4–49 Page 4 –4 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 115: General Rf Troubleshooting, Introduction To Rf Troubleshooting

    WDCMA 2100 Tx (WCDMA transmitter path) and the second one is for WCDMA 2100 RX (WCDMA receiver path). This fact has to be considered when connecting measurement equipment to the product. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –5 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 116

    Connection of single port test equipment (Ansitsu) is shown in the figure below. Figure 28 GSM test Figure 29 WCDMA 2100 test Port 2 is configured as out and in port; port 3 is configured as out port. Page 4 –6 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 117: Rf Key Components

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting RF key components Figure 30 RF key components - top Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –7 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 118

    The following RF components cannot be replaced because of their location on the PWB: Non-replaceable RF components N7540 L7528 L7506 C7583 C7548 L7527 G7501 R7502 C7550 C7525 C7500 L7503 L7550 L7510 R7501 R7503 R7541 Z7521 C7513 C7518 Page 4 –8 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 119: General Voltage Checking

    Vbat at WCDMA PA C7547 3.9 V Supply input to DC/DC L7592 3.9 V conv (N7590) * With these settings, the result should be 1.3 V. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –9 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 120

    Dead or jammed device troubleshooting. If the phone is dead and you cannot perform the self tests, go to in the baseband troubleshooting section. Page 4 –10 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 121: Receiver Troubleshooting

    Introduction to receiver (RX) troubleshooting RX can be tested by making a phone call or in local mode. For the local mode testing, use Phoenix service software. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –11 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 122

    GSM RX chain activation for manual measurements / GSM RSSI measurement (page 4–17). For a similar test in WCDMA mode, see WCDMA RSSI measurement (page 4–20). VCTCXO troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 4 –12 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 123

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting RX GSM850 troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –13 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 124

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting RX GSM900 troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 4 –14 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 125

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting RX GSM1800 troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –15 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 126

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting RX GSM1900 troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 4 –16 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 127

    The reading should reflect the level of the signal generator (-losses) +/- 5 dB. When varying the level in the range -30 to -102 dBm the reading should then follow within +/-5 dB. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –17 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 128

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting WCDMA receiver troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 4 –18 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 129

    If the settings are changed later on (for example, change of channel) you have to click Stop and Start again. Note: Clicking Stop also disables TX control if it was active. 4. Set the following RF generator settings: Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –19 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 130: Transmitter Troubleshooting

    • The most useful Phoenix tool for GSM transmitter testing is “RF Controls”; in WCDMA transmitter testing the best tool is “TX Control”. • Remember that re-tuning is not a fix! Phones are tuned correctly in production Page 4 –20 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 131

    2. Activate RF controls in Phoenix (Testing→GSM→Rf Controls ). Use the following settings: 3. Check the basic TX parameters (i.e. power, phase error, modulation and switching spectrum), using a communication analyser (for example CMU200). Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –21 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 132

    You can troubleshoot the GSM transmitter for each GSM band separately, one band at a time. If you want to troubleshoot GSM850, GSM1800 or GSM1900, change the band with the RF controls and set the communication analyser accordingly. Page 4 –22 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 133

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting TX 850/900 troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –23 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 134

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting TX 1800/1900 troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 4 –24 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 135: Main Antenna Functionality

    GSM 1800 channel 610 and GSM 900 channel 37. The test in GSM 1800 and GSM 900 take care that the active path (XGND) of the antenna is working. Figure 35 Main antenna Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –25 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 136

    WCDMA transmitter troubleshooting Steps 1. Set the phone to local mode. 2. In Phoenix, select Testing→WCDMA→TX control . 3. Use the following settings in the TX control window: Page 4 –26 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 137

    4. Click Send to enable the settings and activate TX. If settings are changed (eg. new channel), you have to click RF Stop and Send again. 5. Use the CMU200 to check the WCDMA power. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –27 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 138

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting Figure 37 WCDMA power window Page 4 –28 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 139

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting WCDMA transmitter troubleshooting flowchart Troubleshooting flow RF tunings Introduction to RF tunings Important: Only perform RF tunings if: Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –29 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 140: Auto Tuning Procedure

    Install the phone-specific data package. This defines the phone-specific settings. Auto tuning procedure 1 Make sure the phone (in the jig) is connected to the equipment. Else, some menus will not be shown in Phoenix. Page 4 –30 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 141

    The PA detection procedure detects which PA manufacturer is used for phone PAs. If a PA is changed or if the permanent memory (PMM) data is corrupted, PA detection has to be performed before Tx tunings. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –31 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 142

    1. Connect the GSM connector of the module jig to a signal generator. Phoenix service software. 2. Start 3. From the Operating mode drop-down menu, set mode to Local. 4. Choose Tuning→GSM→Rx Calibration . Page 4 –32 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 143

    Rx Calibration with band EGSM900 (step 1-3) pop-up window. Important: The calibration uses a non-modulated CW signal. Increase the signal generator level by cable attenuation and module jig probe attenuation. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –33 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 144

    -80..40 AFC slope 108..121 RSSI (AGC-0) 107..110 GSM900 AFC Value (init) -200 -105..62 AFC slope RSSI (AGC-0) 107...110 GSM1800 RSSI (AGC-0) 105...109 GSM1900 RSSI (AGC-0) 105...109 Page 4 –34 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 145

    Connect the GSM connector of the module jig to a signal generator. Phoenix service software. Start From the Operating mode drop-down menu, set mode to Local. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –35 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 146

    Rx Band Connect the signal generator to the phone, and set frequency and amplitude as instructed in the Filter Response Compensation for EGSM900 pop-up window, step 1-3. Page 4 –36 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 147

    Ch. 251/893.86771 MHz Ch. 261/895.86771 MHz GSM900 Ch. 965 / 923.26771 MHz Ch. 975 / 925.26771 MHz Ch. 987 / 927.66771 MHz Ch. 1009 / 932.06771 MHz Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –37 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 148

    The Tx path branches to I and Q signals at RF I/Q modulator. Modulator and analog hardware located after it cause unequal amplitude and phase disturbance to I and Q signal paths. Tx IQ tuning balances the I and Q branches. Page 4 –38 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 149

    If they are not within the limits, check Tx IQ quality manually. Unit GSM850 I DC offset / Q DC offset Ampl Phase ° GSM900 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –39 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 150

    Connect the phone to a spectrum analyzer. Phoenix service software. Start From the Operating mode drop-down menu, set mode to Local. Choose Tuning→GSM→Tx Power Level Tuning . Page 4 –40 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 151

    Reference level 33dBm A power meter with a peak power detector can be also used. Remember to take the attenuations into account. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –41 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 152

    Rx calibration can be done in two different ways, manual tune and sweep mode tune. If the signal generator in use supports frequency sweep table, the calibration is done in one step. Page 4 –42 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 153

    5. Click Tune. Rx Calibration pop-up window and click 6. Setup the signal generator to correspond with the values on the, Figure 40 Pop-up window for WCDMA2100 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –43 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 154

    • In the Tuning menu, choose WCDMA→ Rx Calibration . • Click Start. • Select Band, "WCDAM2100". • Check the Sweep Mode box. • Click Tune. Page 4 –44 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 155

    From the Operating mode drop-down menu, set mode to Local. Choose Tuning→WCDMA→Tx AGC & Power Detector. Click Start. Wide Range pane, click Tune (the leftmost Tune button). In the Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –45 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 156

    It must be possible to measure power levels down to –68 dBm. The measured power levels must be monotonously decreasing. Make sure that the marker is not measuring the level of noise spikes on lower levels. Page 4 –46 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 157

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –47 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 158

    Fill in the power level values (in dBm) to the Wide Range pane, click Calculate. In the High Burst pane, click Tune. 10. In the 11. Adjust the spectrum analyzer according to the following settings: Page 4 –48 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 159

    14. Check that the calculated values are within the limits specified in the following table: C0-high -0.5 C1-high C2-high C0-mid -0.7 C1-mid C2-mid C0-low C1-low -400 C2-low -10000 15000 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –49 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 160

    Reference level: 25 dBm or -20 dBm depending on the level measured Input attenuation: Automatic Resolution bandwidth: 5 MHz Video bandwidth: 5 MHz Sweep time: 20 ms Page 4 –50 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 161

    • The Read button reads the tuned values in the PM of the terminal, and displays them in the Values pane in in the Current column. Steps Phoenix service software. Start Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –51 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 162

    The tuned values are shown in the 16. Check that the tuned values are within the limits presented in the following table. If they are OK, click Yes. Page 4 –52 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 163

    1. From the Operating mode drop-down menu, set mode to Local. 2. Choose Tuning→WCDMA→ Tx LO Leakage . 3. Click Tune. 4. To end the tuning, click Close. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 4 –53 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 164

    RM-179; RM-223 RF troubleshooting (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 4 –54 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 165

    Nokia Customer Care 5 — Camera Module Troubleshooting Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 166

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 5 –2 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 167

    Figure 50 Camera white balance failure and overexposure ................5–17 Figure 51 Color difference between flash colour limit samples ..............5–17 Figure 52 Mechanical construction of the flash LED module ................5–18 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –3 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 168

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 5 –4 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 169: Camera Construction

    The camera module as a component is not a repairable part, meaning that the components inside the module may not be changed. Cleaning dust from the front face is allowed only. Use clean compressed air. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –5 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 170

    IR-cut glass. Sensor is glued on lens holder. Both are covered with the shield plate. It also includes the module marking (1pin position). Figure 45 Front camera module cross section and assembly principle Page 5 –6 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 171

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting Camera viewfinder troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –7 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 172

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting Bad camera image quality troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 5 –8 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 173

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting Main camera troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –9 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 174

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting Main camera baseband HW troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 5 –10 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 175

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting Secondary camera troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –11 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 176

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting Secondary camera baseband HW troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 5 –12 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 177

    LED flash operation and do not raise a need for servicing the components. Figure 46 Example of a good quality image taken with the flash LED Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –13 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 178

    1.2 m. If the distance is greater than 1.2 m, the images will appear dark and the noise level increases. This is normal behaviour; do not change the flash module. Page 5 –14 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 179

    In addition to the limitation due to small LED flash light, handshake owing to camcoder type product concept and shutter button operation exists. These are not errors but a limitation of the product. No need to change the LED flash module. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –15 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 180

    If the flash works correctly in dark conditions, there is no need to change the flash module. Page 5 –16 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 181

    LEDs. Because of this variation, there may be some variation in the colour of the images as well. This is normal behaviour; do not change the flash module. Figure 51 Color difference between flash colour limit samples Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –17 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 182

    LED module to flash, even if there is some ambient light present. Steps 1. Take an image with the flash and monitor at same time whether the LED module flashes. Page 5 –18 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 183

    80 cm to 1 m. Remember that the brightness level in the corners is always less than in the center of the image because of camera and flash optics. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –19 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 184

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting Camera flash LED troubleshooting Troubleshooting flow Page 5 –20 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 185

    (up to 4,7mA). In this mode the logical input of EN1 is 1 and for EN2 it is 0. For notification light troubleshooting, Camera flash LED troubleshooting (page 5–20) flow chart can be used. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 5 –21 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 186

    RM-179; RM-223 Camera Module Troubleshooting (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 5 –22 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 187

    Nokia Customer Care 6 — System Module and User Interface Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 188

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 6 –2 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 189

    6–34 Internal earpiece ............................6–35 Internal speakers............................6–36 External earpiece............................6–37 Vibra circuitry ..............................6–38 connector..............................6–38 Baseband technical specifications........................6–39 External interfaces ............................6–39 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –3 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 190

    6–31 Figure 72 Hall sensor connection ........................6–32 Figure 73 Internal microphone circuitry......................6–34 Figure 74 MicBias circuitry..........................6–35 Figure 75 External mic circuitry ......................... 6–35 Page 6 –4 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 191

    Figure 80 AV connector circuitry........................6–38 Figure 81 Vibra circuitry ............................. 6–38 Figure 82 Charger connector..........................6–40 Figure 83 RF block diagram using RF ASIC N7505 .................... 6–42 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –5 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 192

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 6 –6 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 193: Phone Description, Key Components

    FM radio BTHFM1.0 module D6000 Bluetooth BTHFM1.0 module D6000 Open/closed slider Hall sensor N2403 detection Battery BP-6MT Battery connector Tabby blade interface X2070 RF connector X7501 Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –7 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 194: System Module Block Diagram

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface System module block diagram Page 6 –8 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 195: Energy Management, Battery And Charging

    BSI resistor for the battery identification. Its battery interface is based on blade type connector where the transceiver side has blades and the counter parts are on battery side. Figure 53 Battery pin order Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –9 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 196: Backup Battery

    Figure 54 Battery connector Charging This phone is charged through the smaller Nokia standard interface (2.0 mm plug). The wider standard charger (3.5 mm) can be used together with the CA-44 charger adapter. Figure 55 Small (right) and wide (left) charger plug Charging is controlled by energy management, and external components are needed to protect the baseband module against EMC, reverse polarity and transient frequency deviation.

  • Page 197: Normal And Extreme Voltages, Modes Of Operation

    All regulators are disabled, PurX is on low state, the RTC is on and the oscillator is on. PWR_OFF (cold) mode is almost the same as PWR_OFF (warm), but the RTC and the oscillator are off. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –11 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 198

    SLEEP mode is entered only from PWR_ON mode with the aid of SW when the system’s activity is low. FLASHING FLASHING mode is for SW downloading. Page 6 –12 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 199

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface Power distribution Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –13 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 200

    The Bluetooth is physically integrated with the FM radio into one single module. From a functional point of view they, however, have nothing in common. Page 6 –14 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 201

    FM radio The FM radio is physically integrated with the Bluetooth into one single module. From a functional point of view they, however, have nothing in common. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –15 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 202

    The system uses 38.4 MHz reference clock. In this device, a dedicated oscillator circuit for WLAN and bluetooth reference clock is used. Low power sleep mode operation is enabled using 32768Hz low speed clock and energy management stand-by state. Page 6 –16 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 203

    Hot swap is supported, which means that USB devices may be plugged in/out at any time. This phone is provided with a specific connector for microUSB. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –17 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 204

    The EM ASIC handles the detection of the SIM card. The detection method is based in the BSI line. Because of the location of the SIM card, removing the battery causes a quick power down of the SIM IF. Page 6 –18 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 205

    The secondary (front) camera is meant for video conferencing but it can also be used for still image capture. Main camera characteristics Sensor type CMOS Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –19 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 206

    10, 20, 30 s Flash settings Auto, off and forced Figure 60 Main camera image orientation Secondary camera characteristics Sensor type CMOS Sensor photo detectors (effective) 384x320 F number/Aperture Page 6 –20 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 207

    The dimensions of the camera flash module are 1.65 ± 0.1 mm x 2.05 ± 0.1 mm x 0.7 mm. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –21 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 208

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface Figure 62 Flash LED Page 6 –22 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 209

    Data is transferred from sensor to STV0984N through Low Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) interface; using the CCP 2.0 data transfer protocol over LVDS (2 separate CCP 2.0 receivers). Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –23 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 210: User Interface

    The display is connected to Rapido MeSSI interface. Signal filtering is done via LCD-ASIP components placed on engine PWB. The MeSSI interface is operated with 8.77 MHz. Page 6 –24 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 211

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface Figure 64 Display overview Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –25 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 212: Display Characteristics

    One for the ITUT keys (Row4-7/Collumn4-7) on the ITUT flex. The other is used for the S60/music keys (Row0-3/Collumn0-3) on the slide FPC. Both matrixes are protected by ASIPs on the engine PWB. Page 6 –26 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 213

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface Figure 66 ITUT and S60 keymat Figure 67 S60 and Menue flex Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –27 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 214: Menu Keys

    Three LED chains for S60 Keys, Music Keys and Gaming Keys are derived from VLEDOUT and driven by a constant current source at 5 mA. Each chain has separate ENABLE signal and dimmed with VLEDOUT. Gaming Key LEDs have additional ESD protection. Page 6 –28 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 215

    LEDs are connected to channel A and side-LEDs are connected to channel B. Each channel can be separately switched on and off (ENA, ENB). Both channels are ORed (D2400) with PWM signal to achieve dimming when display is dimmed. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –29 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 216

    NAVIWheel will indicate, that the phone is still alive (no empty battery). In Power-Save mode driving current is 6mA which will lead to 2mA per LED. Page 6 –30 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 217

    The hall sensor is for the open/closed slider detection. The sensor that is mounted on the engine PWB works together with a magnet on the slide FPC module. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –31 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 218

    EM ASIC N2200 The EM ASIC (N2200) includes the following functional blocks: • Start up logic and reset control • Charger detection • Battery voltage monitoring Page 6 –32 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 219: Audio Concept

    All galvanic audio accessories are connected to AV accessory connector. A Bluetooth audio and FM-radio module, connected to Rapido, AVILMA and AIC33 supports Bluetooth audio and radio functionality. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –33 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 220: Internal Microphone, External Microphone

    A digital MEMS-microphone is connected directly to Rapido via Data (MicData on Genio42) and CLK (AudioCLK). Mic is powered by VSIM2. Figure 73 Internal microphone circuitry External microphone Headsets provide external analog microphone via AV connector. Page 6 –34 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 221: Internal Earpiece

    Figure 75 External mic circuitry Internal earpiece Internal earpiece is used for Handportable (HP) call mode. A dynamic earpiece is connected to AVILMA via slide FPC 1YZ in slider. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –35 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 222

    Two dynamic speakers are connected to AVILMA’s outputs Xear left and right in differential mode with a highpassfilter (C2158/R2150 and C2159/R2151) and a stereo calss D amplifier TPA2012D2 with a fixed gain of 12dB. Amplifier is shut down if not in use. Page 6 –36 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 223

    The Rapido ASIC provides the I2S digital interface for AIC33. Rapido controls and supplies a signal for AIC33 digitally. AIC33 output is directed to AV connector through audio amplifier TPA6130. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –37 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 224

    The following table shows the AV interface electrical characteristics. Table 10 AV interface electrical characteristics Signal Function/ Unit Note name Parameter HSMIC HS mic audio Max neg level input 0,7V Page 6 –38 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 225

    SIMRstC1 Reset signal to SIM card SIMCLK EM ASIC N2200 SIMClkC1 Clock signal to SIM card Ground SIMDATA In/Out EM ASIC N2200 SIMDaC1 Data input /output Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –39 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 226: Issue

    X3800 Engine assembly BTB connector on Slide FPC X1000 Slide FPC BTB connector (ITUT FPC) X2400 Engine assembly BTB connector on ITUT FPC X1500 ITUT FPC Page 6 –40 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 227

    VBACK <-> N2200 - Back-up battery G2200 is connected to VBACK N2200 directly Table 14 Back-up battery electrical characteristics Description Parameter Unit Back-Up Battery Voltage Vback Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –41 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 228: Block Diagram

    The receiver functions are implemented in the RF ASIC. Signals with different frequencies take different "ways", being handled by different components. The principle of GSM and WCDMA is the same. Page 6 –42 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 229

    The transmitter functions are implemented in the RF ASIC. Even though the GSM and WCDMA signals pass different components, the principles of the transmission is the same. Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –43 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 230

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface Frequency mappings GSM850 frequencies Page 6 –44 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 231

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface EGSM900 frequencies Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –45 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 232

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface GSM1800 frequencies Page 6 –46 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 233

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface GSM1900 frequencies Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –47 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 234

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface WCDMA 2100 Rx frequencies Page 6 –48 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 235

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface WCDMA 2100 Tx frequencies Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page 6 –49 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 236

    RM-179; RM-223 System Module and User Interface (This page left intentionally blank.) Page 6 –50 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 237

    Nokia Customer Care Glossary Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page Glossary–1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 238

    RM-179; RM-223 Glossary (This page left intentionally blank.) Page Glossary–2 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 239

    D/A-converter Digital-to-analouge converter Digital-to-analouge converter Digital Battery Interface DBus DSP controlled serial bus connected between UPP_WD2 and Helgo DCT-4 Digital Core Technology Direct memory access Data Package Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page Glossary–3 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 240

    Integrated hands free IMEI International Mobile Equipment Identity Infrared IrDA Infrared Data Associasion Intelligent software architecture JPEG/JPG Joint Photographic Experts Group Liquid Crystal Display Low Drop Out Page Glossary–4 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 241

    Serial control Bus For RF Right Soft Key RS-MMC Reduced size Multi Media Card RSSI Receiving signal strength indicator Reset Switch Real Time Clock (provides date and time) Issue 1 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Page Glossary–5 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

  • Page 242

    Peak-to-peak voltage VSIM SIM voltage Wireless application protocol Watchdog XHTML Extensible hypertext markup language Zocus Current sensor, (used to monitor the current flow to and from the battery) Page Glossary–6 COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL Issue 1 Copyright © 2007 Nokia. All rights reserved.

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