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INSTRUCTIONS
English Edition

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   Summary of Contents for Canon SPEEDLITE 220EX

  • Page 1

    INSTRUCTIONS English Edition...

  • Page 2

    TTL auto flash creative lighting effects. control/Multiple flash When the Speedlite 220EX is used with Type B cameras (see below), the Speedlite 220EX operates as a TTL flash unit. * TTL auto flash operates instead. The features available with the Speedlite 220EX differ depending on the camera it is used with.

  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Flash Exposure Confirmation .....28 2) Flash with Shutter Speed-Priority AE ..32 3) Automatic Flash with Manual Exposure..33 Cameras Speedlite 220EX Speedlite 220EX Accessories......34 Troubleshooting Guide ........36 Accessories/ Sample Multiple Flash Connections ..35 Specifications ..........37 Reference Speedlite 220EX Feature Availability .....40...

  • Page 4: Nomenclature

    • The Speedlite 220EX flash coverage is sufficient for a 28mm lens focal length for conventional 35mm format EOS cameras. • The Speedlite 220EX flash coverage is sufficient for a 24mm lens focal length for the Advanced Photo System EOS IX camera.

  • Page 5

    Nomenclature • Rear FP flash indicator (red) (→9) E-TTL indicator (red) (→15) FP flash button (→9) E-TTL Flash exposure confirmation lamp (→14, 28) PILOT Power switch (→9) O: Turns off the power. I : Turns on the power. Pilot lamp (red)/Test fir- ing button (→10) Hot shoe lock release (→8)

  • Page 6: Before You

    0.1 to 4.5 sec. 250 to 1700 • The above specifications are based on Canon's testing standards. • Using size-AA nickel-hydride batteries will yield only about 70 to 80 percent of the flashes (1550 mAh at full output) obtainable with size-AA alkaline batteries.

  • Page 7

    • Although ordinary, non-alkaline batteries may be used, the number of flashes will be less. • When you will not use the Speedlite 220EX for an extended period, remove the batteries. • In low temperatures, keep one set warm in your pocket, etc., and use the batteries alternately.

  • Page 8: Mounting The Speedlite

    Although the hot shoe on the EOS 650, EOS 620, EOS 750, and EOS 850 does not have a locking pin hole, the Speedlite 220EX can still be mounted on these cameras.

  • Page 9: Power Switch

    To turn on the Speedlite 220EX again. again, press the shutter button or press the • When the Speedlite 220EX is used with Type A cameras test firing button. and the FP flash button is set to high-speed sync, using a shutter speed faster than the camera maximum sync speed sets the high-speed sync mode.

  • Page 10: Pilot Lamp And Test Firing

    As a general rule, the descriptions for the remaining sections of the Instructions assume that the power switch is set to I and that the power of the Speedlite 220EX is turned on.

  • Page 11: Speedlite 220ex With Type A Cameras

    Speedlite 220EX with Type A Cameras When the Speedlite 220EX is used with Type A cameras, the sophisticated E-TTL (Evaluative- Through-The-Lens) autoflash control system can be used. The E-TTL autoflash control system uti- lizes the camera evaluative metering sensor which is linked to the focusing point to meter accurate flash exposures.

  • Page 12: Fully-automatic Flash Operation

    Speedlite 220EX. press the shutter button and the camera together with the Speedlite 220EX will do the rest. The camera is set to fully-automatic flash operation when one of the Programmed Image Control modes (excluding the Night Scene mode where a slower shutter speed will be set for background exposure) is...

  • Page 13

    LCD panel. The Speedlite 220EX fires a test • The E-TTL indicator on the rear preflash immediately before the of the Speedlite 220EX lights. shutter is released. After obtaining •...

  • Page 14: Flash Exposure Confirmation

    Move closer to the subject and try again. When the Speedlite 220EX is used with a camera that is set to fully-auto- matic flash operation, the fill flash output may be reduced automatically to balance the exposure between the subject and the background. This is...

  • Page 15: Flash With Other Modes

    • 1/X sec. refers to the camera maximum sync speed (see page 40). * 1/90 sec. only for the EOS REBEL G, and EOS 500N cameras. ■ The Speedlite 220EX fires a test preflash immediately before the shutter is released. After obtaining an initial flash exposure reading with the preflash, the Speedlite 220EX fires the main flash to provide optimum flash exposure.

  • Page 16: Flash With Aperture-priority Ae

    Flash with Other Modes 1) Flash with Aperture-Priority AE When you want to control the depth of field or when you want E-TTL the background to be correctly exposed, use aperture-priority AE. Set the desired aperture PILOT and the camera sets the shutter speed automatically to suit the background light level.

  • Page 17

    Flash with Other Modes Automatic Slow-Speed Sync Slow-speed sync is a slow shut- ter speed setting you use with the flash for portrait photography in dimly lit indoors or night out- doors. By using a slower shutter speed, you can expose the back- ground correctly while the flash exposes the subject correctly.

  • Page 18: Flash With Shutter Speed-priority Ae

    Flash with Other Modes 2) Flash with Shutter Speed-Priority AE When you want to control the shutter speed to create a special E-TTL effect, use shutter speed-priority AE. Set the desired sync speed anywhere from 30 sec. up to the PILOT camera maximum sync speed.

  • Page 19: Automatic Flash With Manual Exposure

    Flash with Other Modes 3) Automatic Flash with Manual Exposure When you want to control both the sync speed and the aper- E-TTL ture, use manual exposure. Set the desired aperture and shutter speed. The E-TTL autoflash PILOT control system regulates the flash output according to the aperture you set for optimum flash exposure.

  • Page 20: Fp Flash

    • FP flash is canceled automatically when the camera is set to the fully- aperture setting. It can also automatic flash operation, or when the power of the Speedlite 220EX is be used to produce a catch- turned off.

  • Page 21

    Turn on the power of the Make sure that the pilot lamp is lit. ture. Speedlite 220EX. • When high-speed sync is set, Press the shutter button is displayed in the viewfinder. halfway to focus on the •...

  • Page 22

    1/4000 2.7/8.9 4/13.1 5.4/17.7 • The Speedlite 220EX Guide Number changes according to the high-speed sync operations. The flash range decreases as the shutter speed increases with FP flash. • The limit of the flash range can be calculated with the following formula: Guide Number ÷...

  • Page 23: Fe Lock

    FE Lock When used with Type A cam- eras, the Speedlite 220EX enables FE (Flash Exposure) lock which locks the flash expo- +/– sure reading for the desired area. Use FE lock to obtain and lock the correct flash exposure reading for the desired area of the picture.

  • Page 24

    FE Lock Compose the picture. FE lock effect Check that is displayed in the viewfinder. Then, press the shutter button completely to take the pic- ture. • Each time the FE lock button is pressed, a preflash is fired to obtain the correct flash exposure reading which is then locked for 16 sec.

  • Page 25: Speedlite 220ex With Type B Cameras

    Speedlite 220EX with Type B Cameras When the Speedlite 220EX is used with Type B cameras, the TTL (Through-The-Lens) autoflash control system can be used. The TTL autoflash control system sets the camera sync speed and aperture automatically for simple and automatic flash photography in fill flash and low light condi- tions for optimum flash exposures.

  • Page 26: Fully-automatic Flash Operation

    Fully-Automatic Flash Operation For fully-automatic flash opera- tions, use the Speedlite 220EX E-TTL with Type B cameras and set the camera to Full Auto ( ) or Program AE (P). The TTL aut- PILOT oflash control system sets the camera sync speed and aper-...

  • Page 27

    Fully-Automatic Flash Operation E-TTL PILOT Make sure that the pilot Aim the active focusing Check that the , shutter lamp is lit. point on the subject and speed, and aperture set- press the shutter button tings are displayed in the halfway.

  • Page 28: Fill Flash

    Move closer to the subject and try again. When the Speedlite 220EX is used with a camera that is set to fully-auto- matic flash operation, the fill flash output may be reduced automatically to balance the exposure between the subject and the background. This is...

  • Page 29: Flash With Other Modes

    * 1/90 sec. only for the EOS 500, EOS REBEL X, and EOS REBEL XS cameras. ■ The Speedlite 220EX fires when the shutter button is pressed completely. The flash output is regulated by the TTL autoflash control system according to the aperture setting for optimum flash exposure.

  • Page 30: Flash With Aperture-priority Ae

    Flash with Other Modes 1) Flash with Aperture-Priority AE When you want to control the depth of field or when you want the background to be correctly exposed, use aperture-priority AE. Set the desired aperture and the camera sets the shutter speed automatically to suit the background light level.

  • Page 31

    Flash with Other Modes Automatic Slow-Speed Sync Slow-speed sync is a slow shut- ter speed setting you use with the flash for portrait photography in dimly lit indoors or night out- doors. By using a slower shutter speed, you can expose the background correctly while the flash exposes the subject cor- rectly.

  • Page 32: Flash With Shutter Speed-priority Ae

    Flash with Other Modes 2) Flash with Shutter Speed-Priority AE When you want to control the shutter speed to create a special effect, use shutter speed-priority AE. Set the desired sync speed anywhere from 30 sec. up to the camera maximum sync speed. The camera sets the aperture automatically to suit the back- Set the camera to Tv...

  • Page 33: Automatic Flash With Manual Exposure

    Flash with Other Modes 3) Automatic Flash with Manual Exposure When you want to control both the sync speed and the aper- ture, use manual exposure. Set the desired aperture and shutter speed. The TTL autoflash con- trol system regulates the flash output according to the aperture you set for optimum flash expo- sure.

  • Page 34: Speedlite 220ex Accessories/reference

    Speedlite 220EX Speedlite 220EX Accessories Accessories /Reference Accessories for the Speedlite Off-Camera Shoe Cord 2 Multiple Flash Accessories 220EX are available when oper- TTL Hot Shoe Adapter 3 ating E-TTL autoflash control Equipped with system for off-camera flash pho- a hot shoe and...

  • Page 35: Sample Multiple Flash Connections

    Speedlite 220EX Accessories /Reference Sample Multiple Flash Connections TTL Distributor With four Off-Camera Shoe Adapter Connecting Cord sockets, the TTL Distributor relays exposure information from the TTL Hot Shoe Adapter 3 to up to three Speedlite flash units via the Connecting Cords.

  • Page 36: Troubleshooting Guide

    The Speedlite 220EX mounting foot clean cloth to wipe them clean- contacts are dirty. After turning on the Speedlite If the Speedlite 220EX is not used Press the shutter button 220EX, the pilot lamp turns off for 90 sec., the power turns off auto- halfway, or press the test firing after a while.

  • Page 37: Specifications

    Speedlite 220EX Specifications Accessories /Reference Type Direct-sync, shoe-mount flash with E-TTL autoflash control (E-TTL test preflash, AF-assist beam) Compatible Cameras Type A cameras (with E-TTL autoflash control) See page 2. Type B cameras (with TTL autoflash control) Flash Coverage and Guide Number 22m/72.2 ft (ISO 100), 31m/101.7 ft (ISO 200), 44m/144.3 ft (ISO 400) (See page 38 for details on the high-speed sync guide number.) Battery Life and Recycling Time...

  • Page 38

    0.1 to 4.5 sec. 250 to 1700 1/125 13.3/43.6 18.8/61.7 26.6/87.2 teries 1/180 12/39.4 17/55.8 24/78.7 • The above specifications are based on Canon's testing 1/250 10.7/35.1 15.1/49.5 21.4/70.2 standards. • Using size-AA nickel-hydride batteries will yield only about 1/350 9.1/30 12.9/42.3 18.2/59.7...

  • Page 39

    220EX Specifications Accessories /Reference AF-Assist Beam Emission Preconditions AF frame selection conditions for Speedlite 220EX Camera AF-assist 220EX/EOS Camera combination AF-assist Beam Emitted Beam Emitted EOS D60, EOS-1D, EOS 3000N, EOS 66, EOS REBEL XSN, EOS D30, EOS ELAN 7E/7, EOS 30/33, EOS-1V, EOS REBEL...

  • Page 40: Speedlite 220ex Feature Availability

    Speedlite 220EX Speedlite 220EX Feature Availability Accessories /Reference ●: Available ×: Not available : Full Auto P: Program AE Flash Metering Flash Camera Mode Second- Exposure Camera Max. System for Fully- FP Flash FE Lock Camera Compen- Curtain Sync Speed...

  • Page 41

    Speedlite 220EX Speedlite 220EX Feature Availability Accessories /Reference Flash Flash Metering Camera Mode Second- Exposure Camera Max. System for Fully- FP Flash FE Lock Camera Compen- Curtain Sync Speed Automatic sation with E-TTL Sync Camera Flash ● × ● ●...

  • Page 42

    • Using the Speedlite 220EX with other Cameras When the Speedlite 220EX is used with cameras other than the EOS or T90 camera (cameras without the TTL autoflash control system), full flash output in the manual setting only is applicable.

  • Page 43

    Speedlite 220EX Accessories /Reference This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Do not make any changes or modifications to the equipment unless otherwise specified in the instructions.

  • Page 44

    CENTRAL & CANON LATIN AMERICA, INC. DEPTO DE VENTAS SOUTH AMERICA 703 Waterford Way Suite 400 Miami, FL 33126 U.S.A. 146-8501, Japan CANON LATIN AMERICA, INC. CENTRO DE SERVICIO Y U.S.A. CANON U.S.A. INC. REPARACION For all inquiries concerning this camera, call toll free in the U.S.

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