INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha PortaSound PSS-680! You now own one of the most sophisticated portable electronic keyboards available. Controlled by an advanced microcomputer, the PortaSound PSS-680 offers far more musical enjoyment and versatility than any other instrument in its class. In fact, it gives you the fun and functions of a who/e host of digital music machines, namely ...
• When not using your PortaSound for long periods, be sure to remove the batteries to avoid damage through damage will no longer be repaired free of charge. Refer all servicing to qualified YAMAHA personnel. battery leakage. • Replace weak batteries before they run down com-...
CONTROL PANEL TEMPO/PARAMETER & VALUE display POWER switch VALUE buttons VOLUME slider AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT group VOICE/STYLE SELECT group 3a MODE selectors 11a VOICE switch 11b STYLE switch 3b ORCHESTRATION buttons 11c Number buttons SONG MEMORY 4a CHORD bank selectors DIGITAL SYNTHESIZER group 12a Voice BANK selectors 4b MELODY bank selectors 12b STORE button...
PARAMETER CHANGE group MELODY SECTION 13a TEMPO button HAND PERCUSSION section 13b Parameter selectors 22a HAND PERCUSSION pads DEMO START/STOP switch 22b SYNCHRO BREAK switch 22c PERCUSSION SET selectors MIDI group 15a MIDI OUT CHANNEL list Built-in speakers PITCH BEND wheel REAR PANEL CUSTOM DRUMMER controls DC(9-12V)IN AC power adaptor terminal...
Since batteries are also needed to support the internal RAM memory, buy six 1.5V SUM-2 alkaline batteries. (Be sure to read the precautions concerning batteries on p. 1). To save battery power, you can also use a Yamaha PA-3, PA-4 or PA-40 AC adaptor. Inserting Batteries...
QUICK GUIDE Selecting Voices Selecting Styles To choose any instrument sound you like, simply look The STYLE LIST (6) shows you which rhythm and ac- up its name in the VOICE LIST (5) and input the corre- companiment styles you can choose from. Press the blue sponding number with the number buttons (11c).
Voice/Melody Section musical styles, functioning like a high-quality drum ma- chine. Many variations of these basic patterns are possible In the tradition of Yamaha’s famous DX7 synthesizers, the with RHYTHM CONTROL. preset instrument sounds available on the PortaSound PSS-680 are referred to as “voices”. With the Digital Syn- 2.
for totally automatic performances, or to enhance any Connecting the PSS-680 to Your Stereo music you are playing live. In addition, you can play four different sets of 8 percussion For a truly powerful sound, connect the AUXILIARY instruments by hand like a drummer with the easy-to-use (AUX.) jacks (25) on the rear panel of the PortaSound to HAND PERCUSSION pads, further enhancing the Rhythm your stereo system with optional cables.
For instant access at the touch of a button, you can store short explanation of what each effect does, and how to adjust up to five selected voices in the Digital Synthesizer Memory PORTAMENTO: BANKS 1 thru 5 (12a). VIBRATO Operation Vibrato regularly (cyclically) raises and lowers the pitch of 1.
• STEREO CHORUS The pitch bend range setting is retained even when power is turned off. Stereo Chorus creates the “spacy” impression of several Points to Remember instruments being played at the same time for a warm, three- dimensional “symphonic” sound. It is the only effect that Is a VALUE button pressed for more then a second, influences not only the melodies you play, but also all ac- the value will begin to change rapidly.
rapid change, hold down either button. Pressing both Points to Remember – and + simultaneously resets the original value (i.e. the The TRANSPOSE value is memorized when power is value before you started to make changes). turned off. The TRANSPOSE value influences the pitch of tran- Range: +/–...
Operation 1. Press MELODY VOL. The TEMPO/PARAMETER &VALUE display will show This display tells you that the MELODY VOL. value is now 8 (the normal setting). 2. Adjust the melody volume with the VALUE buttons. + raises the volume, – lowers it. To instantly return to MELODY VOLUME to value 8, press both VALUE buttons simultaneously.
RHYTHM MACHINE FUNCTIONS A rhythm (or drum) machine provides a background of rhythm patterns played by various percussion instruments. This not only makes most popular music sound better, it also helps you keep perfect time, just like a metronome. This section introduces the PortaSound’s rhythm machine functions. Most of the following operations can be applied in exactly the same way for the AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT features explained further below, so it is a good idea to memorize them well.
— one measure), the PortaSound continues with the basic TEMPO Range: 10 rhythm. The three intros available for each pattern are all dif- As the name says, the TEMPO/PARAMETER & VALUE ferent. However, with some of the simplest styles, the display not only indicates parameters and values (as explained difference is not as pronounced as with the more complex in the PARAMETER CHANGE paragraph above), but also...
Points to Remember SET C The PortaSound will switch to the new rhythm style Symbol Name at the beginning of the next measure, retaining the Bongo low current tempo. However, if the style number is altered Bongo hi within the first quarter of a beat, the PortaSound will Agogo low switch styles during the same beat.
Note: Operation If you hit a pad at the beginning of a measure while the Recording a Custom Pattern rhythm is playing, Synchro Break will become effective. However, in order to enable a more natural fill in, it will 1. Press PROGRAM/END. not work when a pad is hit at the beginning of the measure This blue button’s indicator lights and the selected rhythm following such a Synchro Break measure.
Playing the Custom Pattern feature allows you to add such rolls by holding down the ROLL key (El) while hitting drum pad. To be able to play the custom pattern, the gray PLAY By pressing ROLL and ACCENT at the same time, ON/OFF button must be set to on, i.e.
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT FEATURES There are several basic types of AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT features available on the PSS-660. An outline of their functions is given here, along with an explanation of the MODE (3a) and ORCHESTRATION (3b) controls. A detailed operation guide for features A) through E) follows below. FINGERED: This mode is similar to the preceding one, except The Single Finger Chord function lets you play entire chords with just one finger.
Single Finger Chords MINOR SEVENTH CHORDS: Minor seventh chords are produced by pressing the basic note together with any black key AND white key to the left of it. Press the AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT SINGLE FINGER MODE selector (3a) to turn on the Single Finger mode. (The rhythm must be off.) Now play single keys in the AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT SECTION (19) of the keyboard with one finger and notice how the PortaSound produces complete...
About the Auto Accompaniment Patterns Other interesting voices you may want to try for this march are numbers 28 (TREMOLO ORGAN), 11 (CELLO) and To create the desired chord progression with the accompa- 95 (HUMAN VOICE 2). In any case, you will notice that niment, all you have to do is play different keys in the AUTO the selection of a suitable voice and style is very important ACCOMPANIMENT SECTION.
D U E T Major: Minor: Overview Seventh: By using the Duet feature, you can have the PortaSound automatically perform a second voice that harmonizes per- Minor seventh: fectly with any solo part you play in the MELODY SECTION of the keyboard. This gives the impression of a duet (a per- Major seventh: formance with two instrument parts), even though you are playing only one part yourself.
SONG MEMORY The SONG MEMORY section (4) comprises ten memory banks in which you can digitally record melodies and chord progressions for instant automatic playback. Difficult (fast) or complicated passages can be memorized at a comfortable low speed and played any time with the correct tempo at the touch of a button, making perfect performances easier than ever.
Points to Remember Points to Remember If several MELODY banks have been recorded sim- Even while a MELODY bank is playing, you can start ultaneously, they are treated as one “set”. In other any other MELODY bank by pressing its selector. words, they can only be played back together.
When recording a melody at the same time (i.e. when CHORD Memory one or more MELODY banks are also selected), you can start to record by playing any key on the keyboard. The CHORD memory is a highly sophisticated automatic All data listed above is now recorded with the correct performance feature that not only lets the PortaSound play timing.
If a rhythm is playing — 1. Press the desired CHORD bank selector. The selector’s indicator will start to blink slowly. Playback will commence from the beginning of the next measure following the one during which you pressed the selector. As soon as playback begins, the CHORD indicator will stop flashing and remain lit.
PART ADVANCED FUNCTIONS DIGITAL SYNTHESIZER Like a Yamaha DX synthesizer, the PortaSound PSS-680 uses an FM sound source — and like a digital synthesizer, it lets you, adjust various voice settings (parameters) in order to create your own original custom sounds.
As you can see, the different ratios produce totally different Set MOD. LEVEL back to 80, then save this new voice to wave forms — saw-tooth waves give a bright tone color sui- memory BANK 1. This makes it easier to compare the new table for strings and brass, while square waves sound milder voice with the original SINE WAVE sound.
FREQUENCIES The attack rate for the carrier envelope is set to its maximum value, 63. This means that the carrier level peaks immediately Operator 2 Frequency - Parameter when a key is pressed. Now set the value to 01 and press any To understand the next parameters, FREQUENCY, again key, holding it down for several seconds.
Some voices will sound distorted if the TOTAL LEVEL DECAY RATE Range: 0 — 63 is raised to over 90 especially when they are used with The OPERATOR 2 DECAY RATE sets the time it takes melody volume level 9’. If this happens, lower the TOTAL for the volume of the sound to drop from peak level back LEVEL for that voice.
MIDI If too much MIDI data is received at once, the message What is MIDI? MIDI stands for “Musical Instrument Digital Interface”. It is an international standard interface system that allows musical instruments such as your PortaSound PSS-680, synthesizers, drum machines, sequence recorders, computers and other equipment to “communicate”.
When a MIDI instrument receives information coded with 2. press +. its “own” channel number (the one specified for reception The display will show indicating Sound Source on that unit), it will execute the command. If the data is coded mode.
Keyboard Assign Mode Points To Remember Transmitted Data • If the TRANSPOSE function is being used, it will affect all transmitted key note data except the rhythm part. In this mode, Timing Clock, Start/Stop and note on/off data • The MELODY VOL. setting determines the trans- are transmitted.
Only certain YAMAHA equipment or computers etc. that BRUSH BRUSH recognize the YAMAHA ID can accept or transmit such data. When the PortaSound PSS-680 receives system exclusive messages with the corresponding ID code, this data is stored in the internal memories so that their settings become the same as on the transmitting equipment.
• Operation As the default setting, all channels 1 to 16 are on for re- ception. Any channel can be turned on or off with the 1. Press TRANSMIT CH/MEMORY BULK DUMP RECEIVE CH. FILTER button (see below). twice. • If the PortaSound is already in TRANSMIT CHANNEL Channel 16 select mode (indicated by an...
Sound Source Mode 99 Transmitted Data Points to Remember • The default value is voice number 00 for all channels. Once this is changed through reception of program All normal (manual) keyboard performance data is trans- change data on individual channels, the new voice mitted, but no corresponding sound is produced by the numbers are stored when Sound Source mode 99 is PortaSound ("local off").
MIDI RECEIVE CHANNEL FILTER At delivery, all channels are on for reception (corre- sponds to OMNI mode). In mode 00, the external clock is off. Overview TRANSMIT CHANNEL Selection This function allows you to choose on which of the 16 MIDI channels the PortaSound will receive data in either MIDI RECEIVE MODE, Keyboard Assign 00 or Sound Source Overview...
— partic- 2 PortaSound – Portable Remote Keyboard ularly if they have multi-timbral capabilities such as Yamaha TX81Z or TX802 and the RX7 rhythm composer. This simple connection allows you to play the PortaSound from a remote keyboard.
Set the PSS-680 MIDI MODE to 00, and make sure the Now, all you have to do is use the SONG MEMORY as usual, then play back your recording in 00 mode while PortaSound transmission channels and the tone generator/ rhythm machine reception channels correspond.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATlON ALL RESET Overview Static electricity and other factors can very rarely cause the Portasound’s internal microcomputer to “lock up” so that it is no longer possible to use the instrument’s controls. When this happens, you can reset all internal settings to their default values.
EXCLUSIVE DATA FORMAT 1. FORMAT NO. = (00H), FORMAT NAME = (FM 2OPERATOR VOICE DATA) HEADER & EOX STATUS =F0H I D = 4 3 H INST. CLASS =76H FORMAT NO. =(00H) DATA (DESCRIBED BELOW) CHECK SUM DATA = TWO'S COMPLEMENT OF 7BITS SUM OF ALL DATA BYTES. EOX =F7H NOTICE FOLLOWING DATA: BYTES ARE TO BE DIVIDED INTO 4BIT DATA AND SENT AS LESS SIGNIFICANT DATA CONTENTS...
2. FORMAT NO. = (01H). FORMAT NAME = (MELODY MEMORY 5BANKS) HEADER & EOX STATUS =F0H ID =43H INST. CLASS = 76H FORMAT NO. =01H DATA (DESCRIBED BELOW) CHECK SUM DATA = TWO'S COMPLEMENT OF 7BITS SUM OF ALL DATA BYTES. EOX = F7H NOTICE: FOLLOWING DATA BYTES ARE TO BE DIVIDED INTO 4BIT DATA AND SENT AS LESS-SIGNIFICANT DATA CONTENTS...
3. FORMAT NO. = (02H), FORMAT NAME = (CHORD MEMORY DATA) HEADER & EOX STATUS =F0H ID =43H INST. CLASS =76H FORMAT N. =02H DATA (DESCRIBED BELOW) CHECK SUM DATA = TWO'S COMPLEMENT OF 7BIT SUM ALL DATA BYTES. EOX = F7H NOTICE: FOLLOWING DATA BYTES ARE TO BE DIVIDED INTO 4BIT DATA AND SENT AS LESS SIGNIFICANT DATA CONTENTS 4BITS OF DATA PART.
4. FORMAT NO. = (03H), FORMAT NAME = (RHYTHM PATTERN DATA) HEADER & EOX STATUS = F0H ID = 43H INST. CLASS = 76H FORMAT NO. = 03H DATA (DESCRIBED BELOW) CHECK SUM DATA = TWO'S COMPLEMENT OF 7BITS SUM OF ALL DATA BYTES. EOX = F7H NOTICE: FOLLOWING DATA BYTES ARE TO BE DIVIDED INTO 4BIT DATA AND SENT AS LESS SIGNIFICANT DATA CONTENTS...
• This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha Music Corp. if your Portasound PSS-680 should be suspected of causing If these corrective measures do not produce satis- Attention users in the U.S.A. interference with other electronic devices, veriflcation can...