Operator’s manual (EPA II) 445 445e 450e Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you understand the instructions before using the machine. E E E E n n n n g g g g l l l l i i i i s s s s h h h h 115 10 81-95 Rev.1 2008-01-08...
Symbols on the machine: WARNING! Chain saws can be dangerous! Careless or improper use can result in serious or fatal injury to the operator or others. Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you understand the instructions before using the machine.
Contents KEY TO SYMBOLS Symbols on the machine: Symbols in the operator’s manual: CONTENTS Contents INTRODUCTION Dear customer! WHAT IS WHAT? What is what on the chain saw? GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Before using a new chain saw Important Always use common sense Personal protective equipment Machine ′...
Dear customer! Congratulations on your choice to buy a Husqvarna product! Husqvarna is based on a tradition that dates back to 1689, when the Swedish King Karl XI ordered the construction of a factory on the banks of the Huskvarna River, for production of muskets.
What is what on the chain saw? Cylinder cover Decompression valve Air purge Start reminder Combined start and stop switch Rear handle Information and warning decal Fuel tank Adjuster screws carburetor 10 Starter handle 11 Starter 12 Chain oil tank 13 Product and serial number plate 14 Felling direction mark 15 Front handle...
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Before using a new chain saw • Please read this manual carefully. • Check that the cutting equipment is correctly ﬁtted and adjusted. See instructions under the heading Assembly. • Refuel and start the chain saw. See the instructions under the headings Fuel Handling and Starting and Stopping.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Always use common sense It is not possible to cover every conceivable situation you can face when using a chain saw. Always exercise care and use your common sense. Avoid all situations which you consider to be beyond your capability. If you still feel uncertain about operating procedures after reading these instructions, you should consult an expert before continuing.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS • The chain brake (A) can either be activated manually (by your left hand) or automatically by the inertia release mechanism. • The brake is applied when the front hand guard (B) is pushed forwards. • This movement activates a spring-loaded mechanism that tightens the brake band (C) around the engine drive system (D) (clutch drum).
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS If the kickback is less violent or the kickback zone of the bar is closer to you the chain brake is designed to be activated manually by the movement of your left hand. • In the felling position the left hand is in a position that makes manual activation of the chain brake impossible.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Right hand guard Apart from protecting your hand if the chain jumps or snaps, the right hand guard stops branches and twigs from interfering with your grip on the rear handle. Vibration damping system Your machine is equipped with a vibration damping system that is designed to reduce vibration and make operation easier.
To maintain the safety features of the cutting equipment, you should replace a worn or damaged bar or chain with a bar and chain combinations recommended by Husqvarna. See instructions under the heading Technical Data for a list of replacement bar and chain combinations we recommend.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS • Number of drive links. The number of drive links is determined by the length of the bar, the chain pitch and the number of teeth on the bar tip sprocket. • Bar groove width (inches/mm). The groove in the bar must match the width of the chain drive links.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS It is very difﬁcult to sharpen a chain correctly without the right equipment. We recommend that you use our ﬁle gauge. This will help you obtain the maximum kickback reduction and cutting performance from your chain. See instructions under the heading Technical data for information about sharpening your chain.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Tensioning the chain WARNING! A slack chain may jump off the bar and cause serious or even fatal injury. The more you use a chain the longer it becomes. It is therefore important to adjust the chain regularly to take up the slack.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS • Fold the knob back in to lock the tensioning. Lubricating cutting equipment WARNING! Poor lubrication of cutting equipment may cause the chain to snap, which could lead to serious, even fatal injuries. Chain oil Chain oil must demonstrate good adhesion to the chain and also maintain its ﬂow characteristics regardless of whether it is warm summer or cold winter weather.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Chain drive sprocket The clutch drum is ﬁtted with one of the following drive sprockets: A Spur sprocket (the chain sprocket is welded on the drum) B Rim sprocket (replaceable) Regularly check the degree of wear on the drive sprocket. Replace if wear is excessive.
Fitting the bar and chain WARNING! Always wear gloves, when working with the chain. Check that the chain brake is in disengaged position by moving the front hand guard towards the front handle. Remove the bar nuts and remove the clutch cover (chain brake).
ASSEMBLY Fit the bar over the bar bolts. Place the bar in its rearmost position. Place the chain over the drive sprocket locate it in the groove on the bar. Begin on the top edge of the bar. Make sure that the edges of the cutting links are facing forward on the top edge of the bar.
When working with continuous high revs (e.g. limbing) a higher octane is recommended. Environment fuel HUSQVARNA recommends the use of alkylate fuel or environmental fuel for four-stroke engines blended with two-stroke oil as set out below. Note that carburetor adjustment may be necessary when changing the type of fuel (see instructions under the heading Carburetor).
Fueling WARNING! Taking the following precautions, will lessen the risk of ﬁre: Do not smoke and do not place any hot objects in the vicinity of fuel. Always stop the engine and let it cool for a few minutes before refuelling. When refuelling, open the fuel cap slowly so that any excess pressure is released gently.
Starting and stopping WARNING! Note the following before starting: The chain brake must be engaged when the chain saw is started to reduce the chance of contact with the moving chain during starting. Never start a chain saw unless the bar, chain and all covers are ﬁtted correctly.
Note! Pull the front hand guard towards the front handle. The chain brake is now disengaged. Your saw is ready for use. WARNING! Long term inhalation of the engine’s exhaust fumes, chain oil mist and dust from sawdust can represent a health risk.
Before use: Check that the chain brake works correctly and is not damaged. Check that the rear right hand guard is not damaged. Check that the throttle lockout works correctly and is not damaged. Check that the stop switch works correctly and is not damaged.
Before moving your chain saw switch off the engine and lock the chain using the chain brake. Carry the chain saw with the bar and chain pointing backwards. Fit a guard to the bar before transporting the chain saw or carrying it for any distance. When you put the chain saw on the ground, lock the saw chain using the chain brake and ensure you have a constant view of the machine.
Take great care when you cut with the top edge of the bar, i.e. when cutting from the underside of the object. This is known as cutting with a pushing chain. The chain tries to push the chain saw back towards the user.
Limbing When limbing thick branches you should use the same approach as for cutting. Cut difﬁcult branches piece by piece. Cutting WARNING! Never attempt to cut logs while they are in a pile or when a couple of logs are lying together. Such procedures drastically increase the risk of kickback which can result in a serious or fatal injury.
Felling direction The aim is to fell the tree in a position where you can limb and cross-cut the log as easily as possible. You want it to fall in a location where you can stand and move about safely. Once you have decided which way you want the tree to fall you must judge which way the tree would fall naturally.
Next make the bottom cut so that it ﬁnishes exactly at the end of the top cut. The directional cuts should run 1/4 of the diameter through the trunk and the angle between the top cut and bottom cut should be 45°. The line where the two cuts meet is called the directional cut line.
Freeing a tree that has fallen badly Freeing a ”trapped tree” It is very dangerous to remove a trapped tree and there is high accident risk. Never try to fell the tree that is trapped. Never work in the risk zone of the hanging trapped tree. The safest method is to use a winch.
Kickback always occurs in the cutting plane of the bar. Normally the chain saw and bar are thrown backwards and upwards towards the user. However, the chain saw may move in a different direction depending on the way it was being used when the kickback zone of the bar touched the object.
The user must only carry out the maintenance and service work described in this manual. More extensive work must be carried out by an authorised service workshop. Carburetor adjustment Your Husqvarna product has been designed and manufactured to speciﬁcations that reduce harmful emissions. Function •...
Checking the inertia brake release With the engine turned off, hold the chain saw over a stump or other ﬁrm object. Let go of the front handle so that the bar drops towards the stump as the chain saw rotates around the rear handle. When the bar hits the stump the brake should be applied.
Chain catcher Check that the chain catcher is not damaged and is ﬁrmly attached to the body of the chain saw. Right hand guard Check that the right hand guard is not damaged and that there are no visible defects, such as cracks. Vibration damping system Regularly check the vibration damping units for cracks or deformation.
Note! The screen must be replaced if it is damaged. If the screen is blocked the machine will overheat and this will cause damage to the cylinder and piston. Never use a machine with a mufﬂer that is in poor condition. Never use a mufﬂer if the spark arrestor screen is missing or defective.
A damaged air ﬁlter must always be replaced. A HUSQVARNA chain saw can be equipped with different types of air ﬁlters according to working conditions, weather, season, etc. Contact your dealer for advice.
Spark plug The spark plug condition is inﬂuenced by: • Incorrect carburetor adjustment. • An incorrect fuel mixture (too much or incorrect type of oil). • A dirty air ﬁlter. These factors cause deposits on the spark plug electrodes, which may result in operating problems and starting difﬁculties.
”Air Injection” centrifugal cleaning Centrifugal cleaning means the following: All air to the carburetor passes through the starter. Dirt and dust is pushed out by the cooling fan. IMPORTANT! In order to maintain operation of the centrifugal cleaning system it must be regularly maintained.
Maintenance schedule The following is a list of the maintenance that must be performed on the machine. Most of the items are described in the Maintenance section. Daily maintenance Clean the outside of the machine. Check that the components of the throttle control work safely.
Technical data Engine Cylinder displacement, cu.in/cm Cylinder bore, inch/mm Stroke, inch/mm Idle speed, rpm Power, kW/hp @ rpm Ignition system Manufacturer of ignition system Type of ignition system Spark plug Electrode gap, inch/mm Fuel and lubrication system Manufacturer of carburetor Carburetor type Fuel tank capacity, US pint/litre Oil pump capacity at 9,000 rpm, ml/min...
Chain saw models Husqvarna 445, 445e and 450e met the kickback performance requirements of ANSI B 175.1-2000 when tested with the combinations of bars and saw chains listed below. The saw chain Husqvarna H30 is also classiﬁed as a low kickback saw chain since it met the requirements for low kickback saw chain outlined in ANSI B 175.1-2000.
You are responsible for presenting your small nonroad engine to a Husqvarna Forest & Garden authorized servicing dealer as soon as a problem exists. The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable amount of time, not to exceed 30 days.
AMERICAN STANDARD SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Safety precautions for chain saw users (ANSI B 175.1-2000 Annex C) Kickback safety precautions WARNING! Kickback may occur when the nose or tip of the guide bar touches an object, or when the wood closes in and pinches the saw chain in the cut.
1151081-95 ´®z+S(3¶5ß¨ ´®z+S(3¶5ß¨ 2007-11-06 115 10 81-95 Rev.1 2008-01-08...