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Yamaha WaveRunner XL800 2001 Owner's/Operator's Manual

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Table of Contents
READ THIS MANUAL
CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATION!
2001
WaveRunner
XL800
OWNER'S/OPERATOR'S
MANUAL
U.S.A. Edition
LIT-18626-04-02

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Table of Contents
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  Summary of Contents for Yamaha WaveRunner XL800 2001

  • Page 1 2001 WaveRunner XL800 OWNER’S/OPERATOR’S MANUAL U.S.A. Edition READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATION! LIT-18626-04-02...
  • Page 3 BECOME ALERT! will help you to obtain maximum enjoyment YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED! from your new Yamaha. If you have any WARNING questions about the operation or mainte- Failure to follow WARNING instructions nance of your watercraft, please consult a could result in severe injury or death to Yamaha dealer.
  • Page 4: Feature And Functions

    EJU00273 CONTENTS GENERAL AND SAFETY INFORMATION FEATURE AND FUNCTIONS OPERATION MAINTENANCE AND CARE TROUBLESHOOTING AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES APPENDIX READ THIS OWNER’S/OPERATOR’S MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATING YOUR WATERCRAFT.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    EJU00274 GENERAL AND SAFETY INFORMATION Identification numbers......1-1 Primary Identification (PRI-ID) number ..1-1 Hull Identification Number (HIN).....1-1 Engine serial number......1-1 Emission control information....1-2 Approval label of Emission control certificate..........1-2 Manufactured date label......1-2 Important labels........1-3 Label location..........1-3 Warning labels ........1-4 Caution labels .........1-6 Other labels..........1-7 Safety information......1-8 Limitations on who may operate the...
  • Page 6: Identification Numbers

    ID) number, Hull Identification Number (HIN) and engine serial number in the spaces pro- vided, to assist you in ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer. Also record and keep these ID numbers in a separate place in case your watercraft is stolen.
  • Page 7: Emission Control Information

    EJU00631a Emission control information This engine conforms to the U.S. Environ- mental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations for marine SI engines for the year 2001. Approval label of Emission control certificate This label is attached to the electrical box and the silencer of the carburetor. 1 Emission control information label EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION ENGINE FAMILY :...
  • Page 8: Important Labels

    EJU00293 Important labels Label location...
  • Page 9: Warning Labels

    Warning labels...
  • Page 11: Caution Labels

    Caution labels...
  • Page 12: Other Labels

    Other labels...
  • Page 13: Safety Information

    Safety information operate the watercraft The safe use and operation of this ● Yamaha recommends a minimum opera- watercraft is dependent upon the use of tor age of 16 years old. proper riding techniques, as well as upon Adults must supervise use by minors.
  • Page 14: Cruising Limitations

    ● Do not operate the watercraft in rough EJU00613 Cruising limitations water, bad weather or when visibility is poor; this may lead to an accident caus- ing injury or death. Be alert to the possi- bility of adverse weather. Take note of weather forecasts and the prevailing weather conditions before setting out on your watercraft.
  • Page 15: Operation Requirements

    EJU00735a Operation requirements ● All riders must wear a Coast Guard approved personal flotation device (PFD) that is suitable for personal watercraft use. ● Wear protective clothing. Severe internal injuries can occur if water is forced into body cavities as a result of falling into water or being near the jet thrust nozzle.
  • Page 16 ● Helmets meeting Snell or DOT standards are required for IJSBA-sanctioned races. You must decide whether to wear a hel- met while you ride for recreation. You should know that a helmet could help pro- tect you in certain kinds of accidents and that it could also injure you in others.
  • Page 17 ● Do not attempt to modify this watercraft! Modifications to your watercraft may reduce safety and reliability, and render the watercraft unsafe or illegal for use. F0P03010 ● This watercraft is included in the Class A inboard boat classification of the U.S. Coast Guard.
  • Page 18: Hazard Information

    EJU00313 EJU00315a Hazard information Watercraft characteristics ● Jet thrust turns the watercraft. Releasing the throttle completely produces only min- imum thrust. If you are traveling at speeds above trolling, you will have rapidly decreasing ability to steer without throttle. You may still have some turning ability immediately after releasing the throttle, but once the engine slows down, the watercraft will no longer respond to han-...
  • Page 19: Water-Skiing

    ● Reverse can be used to slow down or EJU00668a Water-skiing stop during slow speed maneuvering, You can use the watercraft for water-ski- such as when docking. Once the engine ing if it has the seating capacity to carry the is idling, shift to reverse and gradually operator, a rearward-facing spotter, and the increase engine speed.
  • Page 20 ● A second person should be on board as a ● When preparing to pull a skier, operate spotter to watch the skier; in most states it the watercraft at the slowest possible is required by law. Let the skier direct the speed until the watercraft is well away operator’s control of speed and direction from the skier and slack in the towrope is...
  • Page 21: Rules Of The Road

    Rules of the Road Whenever two vessels on the water meet one another, one vessel has the right-of- Yamaha watercraft is legally consid- way; it is called the “stand-on” vessel. The ered a powerboat. Operation of the vessel that does not have the right-of-way is watercraft must be in accordance with called the “give-way”...
  • Page 22: Rules When Encountering Vessels

    Rules when encountering Meeting If you are meeting another power vessel vessels head on, and are close enough to run the risk There are three main situations that you of collision, neither of you has the right-of- may encounter with other vessels which way! Both of you should alter course to avoid could lead to a collision unless the Steering an accident.
  • Page 23: Other Special Situations

    Overtaking Sailing vessel right-of-way If you are passing another vessel, you are Sailing vessels should normally be given the give-way vessel. This means that the the right-of-way. The exceptions to this are: other vessel is expected to maintain its 1. When the sailing vessel is overtaking the course and speed.
  • Page 24 This system uses buoys and signs with Remember, markings may vary by geo- distinctive shapes and colors to show regu- graphic location. Always consult local boat- latory or advisory information. These mark- ing authorities before riding your watercraft ers are white with black letters and orange in unfamiliar waters.
  • Page 25: To Get More Boating Safety Information

    Yamaha is the watercraft industry’s lead- EJU00320 To get more boating ing manufacturer to build awareness and support for boating education. In 1997, safety information Yamaha launched its GET W.E.T. (Water- Be informed about boating safety. Addi- craft Education and Training) initiative and...
  • Page 26: Enjoy Your Watercraft Responsibly

    EJU00322 Enjoy your watercraft responsibly You share the areas you enjoy when riding your watercraft with others and with nature. So your enjoyment includes a responsibility to treat these other people, and the lands, waters, and wildlife with respect and courtesy. Whenever and wherever you ride, think of yourself as the guest of those around you.
  • Page 27: Feature And Functions

    EJU00326 FEATURES AND FUNCTIONS Location of main components ....2-1 Operation of controls and other functions............2-5 Rear seat..........2-5 Front seat ..........2-6 Hood............2-7 Fuel tank filler cap........2-8 Oil tank filler cap........2-8 Fuel cock knob........2-9 Engine stop switch........2-10 Engine shut-off switch......2-10 Choke knob...........2-10 Throttle lever .........2-11 Start switch..........2-11 Cooling water pilot outlet ......2-12...
  • Page 28: Location Of Main Components

    EJU00327 Location of main components 1 Handlebars Use to control direction. 2 Fuel tank filler cap 3 Rope hole 4 Footwell Use to place feet for balance. 5 Footrest Use for stopping when pulling a water-skier. 6 Front seat latch 7 Rear seat latch Locking and releasing the seat rock.
  • Page 29 1 Cooling water pilot outlet A Handgrip Use to verify cooling water flow. Use for support when boarding the watercraft 2 Bow eye or when seated facing rearward and acting as Use to attach rope for transporting, mooring or a spotter for a water-skier. B Rear seat towing the watercraft in an emergency.
  • Page 30 1 Engine shut-off cord (lanyard) 8 Adjustable rearview mirrors 9 Multifunction meter Attach to wrist so that the engine stops if the operator falls off the watercraft. Use to check watercraft operation. 2 Engine stop switch 0 Shift lever Push to stop the engine normally. Use to put the watercraft into forward or 3 Clip reverse.
  • Page 31 F0P02030 F0P02040 1 Spark plugs/Spark plug caps 8 Oil tank 2 Electrical box 9 Battery Protects electrical components from water. 3 Flush hose connector Use to flush the engine cooling water pas- sages. 4 Spark plug lead 5 Muffler 6 Fuel filter 7 Fuel tank...
  • Page 32: Operation Of Controls And Other Functions

    EJU00328 Operation of controls and other functions EJU00335a Rear seat To remove the rear seat: Pull the rear seat latch 1 up, and then pull the seat off. To install the rear seat: Insert the projections on the front of the seat into the stays on the deck, and then push the rear of the seat down to lock it in place securely.
  • Page 33: Front Seat

    EJU00714 Front seat To remove the front seat: 1. Remove the rear seat. 2. Pull the front seat latch 2 up, and then pull the seat off. To install the front seat: 1. Insert the projections on the front of the seat into the stays on the deck, and then push the rear of the seat down to lock it in place.
  • Page 34: Hood

    EJU00703 Hood To open the hood, pull the latch 1 up, and then lift the hood up. To close the hood, push the hood down to lock it in place. NOTE: Make sure that the hood is properly secured before operating the watercraft.
  • Page 35: Fuel Tank Filler Cap

    EJU00347 Fuel tank filler cap To remove the fuel tank filler cap 1, turn it counterclockwise. NOTE: Make sure that the fuel tank filler cap is properly secured before operating the water- craft. EJU00001N Oil tank filler cap To remove the oil tank filler cap: 1.
  • Page 36: Fuel Cock Knob

    EJU00704 Fuel cock knob The fuel cock supplies fuel from the fuel tank to the carburetors. The fuel cock knob 1 positions are explained as follows and are shown in the illustration. OFF: With the fuel cock knob in this position, fuel does not flow.
  • Page 37: Engine Stop Switch

    EJU00705 Engine stop switch Push this switch 1 (red button) to stop the engine normally. EJU00706 Engine shut-off switch Insert the clip 1, on the end of the engine shut-off cord 2, under the engine shut-off switch 3 (black button). The engine will stop automatically when the clip is removed from the switch, such as if the operator falls off the watercraft.
  • Page 38: Throttle Lever

    EJU00351 Throttle lever Squeeze the throttle lever 1 to increase engine speed. Release the throttle lever to decrease engine speed or to return it to the idle posi- tion. EJU00353 Start switch Push the start switch 1 (green button) to start the engine.
  • Page 39: Cooling Water Pilot Outlet

    EJU00354 Cooling water pilot outlet This watercraft is equipped with cooling water pilot outlets. When the engine is running, cooling water is circulated in the engine, and then it is discharged from the pilot outlets. To check for proper operation of the cool- ing system, check that water is being dis- charged from the pilot outlets.
  • Page 40: Tilt Lever

    EJU00670 Tilt lever The tilt lever 1 is located in front of the glove compartment and is used to adjust the tilt of the handlebars. To adjust the tilt, pull the tilt lever up, and then move the handlebars up or down to the desired position.
  • Page 41: Shift Lever

    EJU00710 Shift lever The shift lever is located on the starboard side of the watercraft and is used to control the reverse gate, which allows the watercraft to move into reverse or forward. When in the reverse position, the water- craft can be launched from a trailer, or backed up out of tight spots where you can- not turn around easily.
  • Page 42: Quick Shift Trim System (Qsts) Selector

    EJU00360a Quick Shift Trim System (QSTS) selector The QSTS selector 1 is located at the left handlebar grip and is used to adjust the trim angle of the watercraft. Operating the QSTS selector changes the angle of the jet thrust nozzle vertically. This changes the trim angle of the watercraft.
  • Page 43: Bow Down

    Bow down Turn the grip to A or B and the bow will go down while the watercraft is on plane. Bow down puts more of the bow in the water. This gives the watercraft more “hook,” which enhances turning performance. This position will also help the watercraft get up on plane more quickly.
  • Page 44: Engine Overheat Warning System

    CAUTION: If you cannot locate and correct the cause of the overheating, consult a Yamaha dealer. Continuing to operate at higher speeds could result in severe engine damage. NOTE: Press any button on the multifunction meter to stop the buzzer.
  • Page 45: Handgrip

    EJU00367a Handgrip The handgrip 1 provides a handhold for boarding the watercraft and for a spotter when facing rearward. CAUTION: Do not use to tow objects, lift watercraft, or attach tie downs, otherwise damage could occur. 2-18...
  • Page 46: Multifunction Meter

    EJU00698b Multifunction meter This meter contains following functions for help and convenience in operating the watercraft. 1 “MODE” button 2 “SET” button 3 “CODE” setting buttons 4 Tachometer 5 Speedometer 6 Fuel meter 7 Engine oil meter 8 Display for Clock, Hour meter, Trip meter and Trip timer 9 Warning light 0 Display for PADLOC and direction of warning...
  • Page 47: Padloc (Programmable Digital Locking Ignition)

    EJU00711a PADLOC (Programmable digital locking ignition) This feature is provided to deter unautho- rized use. The function allows you to choose either “START” or “LOCK” mode, as the situation requires, much as you would use an ignition key in a motor vehicle. If you have previously chosen “LOCK”...
  • Page 48: Selecting "Padloc" Mode

    3. Select your four-letter code by pressing the “A/SET,” “B,” or “C” buttons in a desired sequence. NOTE: If you do not press a button for more than 10 seconds, the display automatically turns off. This cancels the process of setting a code.
  • Page 49: Tachometer

    3. Enter your four-letter code by pressing the “A/SET,” “B,” or “C” buttons in the right sequence. NOTE: If you do not press a button for more than 10 seconds, the display automatically turns off. This cancels the process of selecting the mode.
  • Page 50: Speedometer

    EJU00384 Speedometer This meter shows the watercraft speed in miles per hour (mph). EJU00386a Fuel meter The fuel meter is provided for convenient fuel level checking while operating the watercraft. The fuel meter has 4 segments which show the amount of fuel remaining in the fuel tank.
  • Page 51: Engine Oil Meter

    EJU00387a Engine oil meter The engine oil meter is provided for con- venient oil level checking while operating the watercraft. The engine oil meter has 3 segments which show the amount of oil remaining in the oil tank. NOTE: The indication of the segments differs depending on your operating condition.
  • Page 52: Hour Meter

    6. The buzzer will sound twice. The warn- ing light and “SET” blink for 2 seconds. Then the display turns to “CLOCK” and shows the time. NOTE: If the battery terminal is disconnected, the clock will be reset to 12:00. EJU00390 Hour meter The hour meter is provided to make it...
  • Page 53: Tripmeter

    EJU00712 Tripmeter A tripmeter is provided for measuring the approximate distance traveled. To show the tripmeter, press the “MODE” button until the display shows “TRIP” while the engine is running. After showing “TRIP ,” the display turns to “.MILE.” 1. When the display shows “.MILE,” press “MODE”...
  • Page 54: Oil Warning Indicator

    EJU00717a Oil warning indicator If the oil remaining in the tank drops to about 1.4 L (0.37 US gal, 0.31 Imp gal) or the oil filter is clogged, the lowest oil level segment, the oil warning indicator, “OIL” and the warning light begin to blink. The buzzer also starts sounding intermittently.
  • Page 55: Battery Warning Indicator

    11.5 volts, the battery warning indicator, “VOLT” and the warning light begin to blink. The buzzer also starts sounding. If this happens during operation, beach the watercraft. Then recharge the battery and have the charging system inspected by a Yamaha dealer. 2-28...
  • Page 56: Storage Compartments

    EJU00672a Storage compartments A front storage compartment, a glove compartment, and seat storage compart- ments are provided. NOTE: ● Make sure that the storage compartments are properly secured before operating the watercraft. ● The storage compartments are not designed to be waterproof. If you carry objects that must be kept dry, such as the manuals, put them in a waterproof bag.
  • Page 57: Glove Compartment

    Glove compartment A glove compartment 4 is located in front of the seat. To open the glove compartment, slide the latch 3 toward you, and then lift up the lid. To close the glove compartment, push the lid down until it locks securely. Glove compartment: Capacity: 1.7 L (0.45 US gal, 0.37 Imp gal) Load limit: 1 kg (2.2 lb)
  • Page 58 –MEMO–...
  • Page 59: Operation

    EJU00410 OPERATION Fuel and oil..........3-1 Gasoline ..........3-1 Filling the fuel tank ........3-3 2-stroke engine oil........3-3 Filling the oil tank ........3-4 Pre-operation checks.......3-5 Pre-operation check list ......3-5 Pre-operation check points.....3-6 Operation..........3-14 Engine break-in........3-14 Launching the watercraft ......3-16 Starting the engine........3-16 Stopping the engine......3-19 Leaving the watercraft ......3-19 Operating your watercraft.....3-20 Getting to know your watercraft....3-20...
  • Page 60: Fuel And Oil

    EJU00411a Fuel and oil This engine uses Yamaha’s oil injection system, which provides superior lubrication by ensuring the proper oil ratio for all operat- ing conditions. No fuel premixing is neces- sary except during the engine break-in period. Simply pour gasoline into the fuel tank and oil into the oil tank.
  • Page 61 Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if ethanol content does not exceed 10 % and the fuel meets minimum octane ratings. Gasohol containing methanol is not rec- ommended by Yamaha because it can cause fuel system damage or engine perfor- mance problems.
  • Page 62: Filling The Fuel Tank

    EJU00724a Filling the fuel tank CAUTION: Be careful when refueling. Avoid getting water or other contaminants in the fuel tank. Contaminated fuel can cause poor running or engine damage. 1. Open the hood and remove the front storage compartment, to check the fuel level.
  • Page 63: Filling The Oil Tank

    If bleeding of the oil pump is necessary, have a Yamaha dealer bleed it. 1. Open the hood to access the oil tank filler cap. Also, remove all seats to watch the oil level.
  • Page 64: Pre-Operation Checks

    EJU00422 Pre-operation checks Pre-operation check list Before operating this watercraft, perform the checks in the following check list. See the accompanying text in this chapter for details on how to perform the checks. WARNING If any item in the pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating the watercraft, otherwise an accident could occur.
  • Page 65: Pre-Operation Check Points

    EJU00426 Pre-operation check points Engine compartment Ventilate the engine compartment before each use. To ventilate the engine compartment, remove all seats and front storage compart- ment. (See pages 2-5 and 2-6 for front and rear seat, and 2-29 for front storage com- partment.) Allow the engine compartment to remain open for a few minutes to allow any fuel vapors to escape.
  • Page 66: Water Separator

    EJU00432a Water separator Check the water separator 1 for water. Normally the water separator is empty. The water separator retains any water entering through the fuel tank breather hose if the watercraft is capsized. If water remains in the water separator, drain it by removing the drain screw 2.
  • Page 67 EJU00435a Battery Check the battery condition and the elec- trolyte level. Check that the battery leads are tightened securely and there is no corrosion on the battery terminals. WARNING The battery must always be fully charged and in good condition. Loss of battery power may leave you stranded.
  • Page 68: Fire Extinguisher

    Always carry a fire extinguisher on board. A fire extinguisher is not standard equip- ment with this watercraft. If you do not have one, contact a Yamaha dealer or a fire extinguisher dealer to obtain one meeting the proper specifications.
  • Page 69 EJU00447 Throttle Squeeze and release the throttle lever several times to make sure that there is no hesitation in its travel. It should be smooth over the complete range, and spring back to the idle position when released. WARNING Before starting the engine, always check the operation of the throttle lever.
  • Page 70: Shift Lever And Reverse Gate

    EJU00450 Shift lever and reverse gate Check for proper operation of the shift lever and reverse gate. Make sure that the reverse gate goes down to its stopper position when the shift lever is pulled up. Also, make sure that the reverse gate goes up to its stopper position when shift lever is pushed down.
  • Page 71: Jet Unit

    EJU00451a Jet unit Carefully check the jet intake for weeds, debris, or anything else that might restrict the intake of water. If the intake is clogged, cavitation could occur, reducing jet thrust, and possibly damaging the jet pump. In some cases, the engine may overheat because of lack of cooling water, and dam- age to the engine could result.
  • Page 72 EJU00452a Switches Check the start switch 1, the engine stop switch 2, and the engine shut-off switch 3 for proper operation. To check these switches place the water- craft in the water to provide adequate cooling. Start the engine, and then pull the engine shut-off cord 5 to remove the clip 4 from the engine shut-off switch.
  • Page 73: Operation

    Operation WARNING Before operating your watercraft, become familiar with all controls. Con- sult your Yamaha dealer about any con- trol function fully understand. Failure to understand how controls work could cause an accident or prevent you from avoiding an accident.
  • Page 74 3. Gradually open the throttle to 3/4 or less. 4. Continue operation at 3/4 throttle or less until the first tankful of fuel has been used. 5. Fill the tank with straight gasoline, and then proceed with normal operation. CAUTION: Failure to follow the engine break-in pro- cedure properly can result in severe damage to the engine.
  • Page 75: Launching The Watercraft

    EJU00506 Launching the watercraft Make sure that there are no obstructions behind you. After the watercraft is in the water, start the engine. Shift into reverse and move the watercraft back slowly. If there are waves, someone should make sure that the water- craft is not pushed into the trailer before backing away.
  • Page 76 2. Turn the fuel cock knob to the “ON” posi- tion. NOTE: Before starting the watercraft, after it has been sitting, remove the fuel tank filler cap to release any built-up pressure in the tank due to fuel expansion. 3. Attach the clip 1 to the engine shut-off switch 2.
  • Page 77 5. If the “LOCK” mode was chosen previ- ously, choose the “START” mode before starting the engine. (See pages 2-20 to 2-21 for selecting “PADLOC” mode.) NOTE: ● If the initial setting of the PADLOC has not been done, the “START” mode is auto- matically selected.
  • Page 78: Stopping The Engine

    EJU00463a Stopping the engine To stop the engine, release the throttle lever, and then push the engine stop switch (red button). WARNING You need throttle to steer. Shutting off the engine can cause you to hit an obsta- cle you are attempting to avoid. A colli- sion could result in severe injury or death.
  • Page 79: Operating Your Watercraft

    EJU00674 EJU00474 Operating your watercraft Learning to operate your watercraft Getting to know your Before operating the watercraft, always watercraft perform the pre-operation checks listed on Operating your watercraft requires skills page 3-5. The short time spent checking the acquired through practice over a period of watercraft will reward you with added safety time.
  • Page 80: Riding Watercraft With Passengers

    Wear protective clothing. Severe internal The passengers must always wear USCG injuries can occur if water is forced into body approved PFD and wetsuit bottom or equiv- cavities as result of falling into the water or alent. being near the jet thrust nozzle. Normal WARNING swimwear does not adequately protect Do not apply throttle when anyone is at...
  • Page 81: Starting The Watercraft

    EJU00484 Starting the watercraft WARNING ● Scan constantly for people, objects and other watercraft. Be alert for con- ditions that limit your visibility or block your vision of others. ● Operate defensively at safe speeds and keep a safe distance away from people, objects, and other watercraft.
  • Page 82: Starting From A Dock

    EJU00486a Starting and boarding in shallow water 1. Do not start the engine in less than 60 cm (2 ft) of water. Put the watercraft in water that is deep enough, and then board the watercraft from the side or the rear.
  • Page 83: Boarding And Starting In Deep Water

    EJU00490a Boarding and starting in deep water WARNING ● Operator and passenger should prac- tice getting on board in shallow water before riding in deep water. Boarding in deep water requires more skill. ● The fatigue and exposure that could result after unsuccessful attempts to get back on the watercraft may increase the risk of injuries and drown-...
  • Page 84: Boarding With Passengers

    EJU00737a Boarding with passengers WARNING Severe internal injuries can occur if water is forced into body cavities as a result of being near the jet thrust nozzle. Do not apply throttle until each passen- ger is seated with his or her feet on the floor of the footwell and is holding on to the person in front of him or her.
  • Page 85: Capsized Watercraft

    NOTE: The heavier the total weight of the operator and passengers, the more difficult it will be to balance the watercraft. Do not operate the watercraft when the total weight exceeds 240 kg (530 lb) including any cargo. If it is difficult to balance the vehicle at a standstill, proceed as follows: 1.
  • Page 86 CAUTION: Be sure to remove the clip from the shut- off switch, otherwise the engine will overheat and engine damage may occur. 1. Shut the engine off by removing the clip from the engine shut-off switch. 2. Swim to the rear of the watercraft. Pull the watercraft over with left hand on ride plate while pushing down on the gun- wale with your right hand/foot.
  • Page 87: Turning The Watercraft

    EJU00499 Turning the watercraft Steering control depends on the combi- nation of handlebar position and the amount of throttle. Water sucked in through the intake grate is pressurized by the impeller in the jet pump. As the pressurized water is expelled from the pump through the jet thrust nozzle, it creates thrust to move and steer the watercraft.
  • Page 88 WARNING ● Do not release the throttle when trying to steer away from objects—you need throttle to steer. A collision could result in severe injury or death. ● When operating at higher speeds, make gradual turns or slow down before turning. Sharp high-speed turns may cause the watercraft to slide side- ways or spin, throwing the operator passengers...
  • Page 89: Stopping The Watercraft

    EJU00621 Stopping the watercraft The watercraft is not equipped with a sep- arate braking system. It is stopped by water resistance when throttle lever released. From full speed, the watercraft comes to a complete stop in approximately 105 m (345 ft) after the throttle is released and the engine is stopped, although this dis- tance will vary depending on many factors, including gross weight, water surface condi-...
  • Page 90: Beaching The Watercraft

    EJU00635 Beaching the watercraft 1. Make sure no obstructions, boats or swimmers are near the beach. Release the throttle lever about 105 m (345 ft) before you reach the intended beaching area. 2. Approach the beach slowly and stop the engine before reaching land.
  • Page 91: Reverse On Waterways

    EJU00006n Reverse on waterways Reverse can be used for slow speed maneuvering when it is necessary to back up out of tight spots where you cannot turn around. Reverse can only be used to slow down or stop during low speed maneuver- ing, such as when docking.
  • Page 92: Post-Operation Checks

    EJU00691a Post-operation checks Always perform the following post-opera- tion checks after operating the watercraft. 1. Remove the watercraft from the water. 2. Wash down the hull, handlebars, and jet unit with fresh water. 3. Remove the seat and check the engine compartment for water.
  • Page 93 3, if necessary). 10. Wipe the hull, handlebars, and jet unit dry with a clean cloth. 11. Spray a rust inhibitor, such as Yamaha Silicone Protectant and Lubricant, on metallic parts to minimize corrosion. 12. Allow the engine compartment to air dry completely before reinstalling the seat.
  • Page 94: Transporting

    EJU00679 Transporting WARNING Always place the fuel cock knob in the “OFF” position when transporting the watercraft, otherwise fuel could leak out into the engine or engine compartment, which would create a fire hazard. When transporting the watercraft on a trailer, secure the tie downs to the trailer through the bow eye and stern rope hole.
  • Page 95: Maintenance And Care

    EJU00515 MAINTENANCE AND CARE Storage............4-1 Flushing the cooling system ....4-1 Lubrication..........4-3 Fuel system..........4-4 Battery .............4-5 Cleaning the watercraft......4-5 Maintenance and adjustments ....4-6 Owner’s/Operator’s Manual and tool kit .............4-7 Periodic maintenance chart....4-8 Inspecting the fuel system......4-9 Inspecting the oil injection system..4-11 Inspecting the steering cable....4-12 Inspecting the shift cable ......4-12 Inspecting and adjusting the throttle...
  • Page 96: Storage

    It is advisable to have the watercraft serviced by a Yamaha dealer prior to stor- age. However, the following procedures can be performed by the owner. EJU00913a...
  • Page 97 1. Put the watercraft on land in a horizontal position. 2. Open the flushing hose connector cap 1, and then insert the garden hose adapter 2 into the flushing hose connector 3 and turn it until it is securely connected. 3.
  • Page 98: Lubrication

    3. With the engine running at a fast idle, quickly spray as much fogging oil as pos- sible through the holes in the silencer cover. Use Yamaha Stor-Rite Fogging Oil or an equivalent. Keep spraying until the engine stalls maximum 15 seconds).
  • Page 99: Fuel System

    4-15. EJU00528a Fuel system Top off the fuel tank with fresh gasoline and add one ounce of Yamaha Fuel Stabi- lizer and Conditioner to each gallon of fuel. NOTE: Use of Yamaha Fuel Stabilizer and Condi- tioner eliminates the need to drain the fuel system.
  • Page 100: Battery

    2. Rinse the engine and bilge area with fresh water. Drain off all water and wipe up remaining moisture with clean, dry rags. 3. Spray the engine’s exterior with Yamaha Silicone Protectant and Lubricant. 4. Wax the hull with a non-abrasive wax such as Yamaha Silicone Wax.
  • Page 101: Maintenance And Adjustments

    Remember that failures that are the result of the installation of parts or accessories which are not qualitatively equivalent to gen- uine Yamaha parts are not covered by the limited warranty. WARNING ● Be sure to turn off the engine when...
  • Page 102: Owner's/Operator's Manual And Tool Kit

    NOTE: A service manual is available for purchase through a Yamaha dealer for owners who have the mechanical skills, tools, and other equipment necessary to perform mainte- nance not covered by this Owner’s/Opera- tor’s Manual. Owner’s/Operator’s Manual and tool kit It is advisable always to carry the Owner’s/...
  • Page 103: Periodic Maintenance Chart

    ● ) This mark indicates maintenance that you may do yourself. ❍ ) This mark indicates work to be done by a Yamaha dealer. THEREAFTER MAINTENANCE INTERVAL INITIAL...
  • Page 104: Inspecting The Fuel System

    Check the fuel system for leaks, cracks, or malfunctions. If any problem is found, do the necessary repair or replacement as required. If repair is necessary, consult a Yamaha dealer. Check: ● Carburetor for leakage. ● Fuel pump for malfunction or leakage.
  • Page 105 1. The fuel filter should be replaced once a year or after every 200 hours of operation, or if water is found in the filter. Have a Yamaha dealer replace the fuel filter if necessary. WARNING Do not try to replace the fuel filter your- self.
  • Page 106: Inspecting The Oil Injection System

    EJU00544 Inspecting the oil injection system Check the oil injection system for leakage, cracks, or malfunctions. If necessary, have a Yamaha dealer repair the oil injection sys- tem. Check: ● Oil tank for damage, cracks or leakage. ● Oil tank for water or dirt.
  • Page 107: Inspecting The Steering Cable

    Make sure the gate makes contact with the stopper 1 on the bracket, and the arm 2 makes contact with the reverse gate. If the reverse gate does not reach the cor- rect positions, have a Yamaha dealer ser- vice it. EJU00550 Inspecting and adjusting the...
  • Page 108: Inspecting The Qsts Mechanism

    4. Check that the angle of the jet thrust nozzle changes when the selector is shifted from neutral to bow-up or bow- down. If the mechanism does not work properly, have a Yamaha dealer service it. 4-13...
  • Page 109: Cleaning And Adjusting The Spark Plugs

    Do not attempt to diagnose any problems yourself. Have a Yamaha dealer service the watercraft. Remove and inspect the spark plug peri- odically; heat and deposits will cause the spark plug to slowly break down and erode.
  • Page 110: Lubrication Points

    EJU00553a Lubrication points To keep moving parts sliding or rotating smoothly, coat them with water-resistant grease. Recommended water-resistant grease: Yamaha Marine Grease/ Yamaha Grease A ● Throttle cable (carburetor end) ● Oil pump cable ● Choke cable (carburetor end)
  • Page 111 ● Throttle cable (handlebar end) Pull the throttle lever and remove the seal 1. Spray a rust inhibitor into the outer cable. Refit the seal securely. ● Steering cable (handlebar end) ● Steering cable (nozzle end) ● Nozzle pivot shaft ●...
  • Page 112 ● QSTS cables (handlebar end) Remove the QSTS cable housing. Spray a rust inhibitor into the outer cable. Reinstall the QSTS cable housing. ● Shift cable (lever end) ● Shift cable (reverse gate end) ● YPVS cable 4-17...
  • Page 113: Adjusting The Choke Cable

    EJU00566a ● Intermediate housing Using a grease gun, fill the intermediate housing with water-resistant grease through the grease nipple 1. Grease capacity: Initial 10 hours or 1 month: 33.0–35.0 cm (1.11–1.18 oz) Every 100 hours or 6 months: 6.0–8.0 cm (0.20–0.27 oz) EJU00570 Adjusting the choke cable...
  • Page 114: Inspecting The Battery

    EJU00572 Inspecting the battery Check the level of the battery electrolyte and make sure the leads are secure. WARNING Battery electrolyte is poisonous and dan- gerous, causing severe burns, etc. Elec- trolyte contains sulfuric acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Antidotes External: Flush with water.
  • Page 115 To replenish the battery: 1. Make sure that the electrolyte level is between the upper 1 and lower 2 level marks. 2. Refill the battery with distilled water if necessary. CAUTION: Normal tap water contains minerals that are harmful to a battery. Use only dis- tilled water for replenishing the battery.
  • Page 116: Adjusting The Carburetor

    Adjusting the carburetor The carburetor is a vital part of the engine and requires very sophisticated adjustment. Most adjusting should be left to a Yamaha dealer who has the professional knowledge and experience to perform it. However, the operator may adjust the trolling speed as part of the usual maintenance routine.
  • Page 117: Replacing The Fuse

    If the oil tank becomes completely empty, or any hose connected to the oil pump has been disconnected, the oil pump must be bled to ensure proper oil flow. If bleeding of the oil pump is necessary, have a Yamaha dealer bleed it. 4-22...
  • Page 118: Specifications

    EJU00588 Specifications MODEL Unit XL800 ITEM WATERCRAFT CAPACITY Maximum people on board Number of people Maximum load capacity kg (lb) 240 (530) DIMENSIONS Length mm (in) 3,160 (124.4) Width mm (in) 1,220 (48.0) Height mm (in) 1,130 (44.5) Dry weight kg (lb) 314 (693) PERFORMANCE...
  • Page 119: Troubleshooting And

    EJU00594 TROUBLESHOOTING AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Troubleshooting........5-1 Troubleshooting chart......5-1 Emergency procedures......5-4 Cleaning the jet intake and impeller..5-4 Jumping the battery ........5-5 Towing the watercraft ......5-7 Submerged watercraft ......5-8...
  • Page 120: Troubleshooting

    If you have any trouble with your watercraft, use this section to check for the possible cause. If you cannot find the cause, or if the procedure for replacement or repair is not described in this Owner’s/Operator’s Manual, have a Yamaha dealer perform the necessary service. EJU00596a Troubleshooting chart...
  • Page 121 PAGE Fuel Empty Refill as soon as possi- Engine runs irregu- larly or stalls Stale or contaminated Have serviced by 4-10 Yamaha dealer Choke Knob pulled Push fully in Fuel filter Clogged or water Have serviced by 4-10 pooled Yamaha dealer...
  • Page 122 REMEDY PAGE Cavitation Jet intake clogged Clean Watercraft slow or loses power Impeller damaged or Have serviced by — worn Yamaha dealer Engine over- Jet intake clogged Clean heated Fuel filter Clogged Have serviced by 4-10 Yamaha dealer Spark plug...
  • Page 123: Emergency Procedures

    EJU00597 Emergency procedures EJU00598 Cleaning the jet intake and impeller If weeds or debris get caught in the intake or impeller, cavitation can occur, causing jet thrust to decrease even though engine speed rises. If this condition is allowed to continue, the engine will overheat and may seize.
  • Page 124: Jumping The Battery

    2. Remove any weeds or debris from around the drive shaft, impeller, pump housing, and jet thrust nozzle. If debris is difficult to remove, consult your Yamaha dealer. CAUTION: Always avoid operating your watercraft in areas where weed growth is thick. If trav-...
  • Page 125: Connecting The Jumper Cables

    EJU00600 Connecting the jumper cables 1. Connect the positive (+) jumper cable 1 to the positive (+) terminals of both bat- teries. 2. Connect one end of the negative (–) jumper cable 2 to the negative (–) termi- nal of the booster battery 3. 3.
  • Page 126: Towing The Watercraft

    EJU00603 Towing the watercraft If the watercraft becomes inoperative in the water, it can be towed to shore. If the watercraft must be towed in an emergency using a tow line, the operator should ride the watercraft, holding onto the handlebars.
  • Page 127: Submerged Watercraft

    Submerged watercraft If the watercraft is submerged or flooded with water, follow the procedure below and consult a Yamaha dealer as soon as possi- ble. Failure to do so may result in serious engine damage! 1. Beach the watercraft and remove the stern drain plugs to drain the water from the engine compartment.
  • Page 128 –MEMO–...
  • Page 129: Appendix

    EJU00608 APPENDIX Limited warranty........6-1 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.) ............6-3 Index............6-4...
  • Page 130: Limited Warranty

    Owner’s/Operator’s Manual. The owner of the water vehicle shall give notice to an authorized Yamaha water vehicle dealer of any and all apparent defects within ten [10] days of discovery and make the vehicle available at that time for inspection and repairs at the dealer’s place of business.
  • Page 131 If you should move after you have purchased your new water vehicle, please advise us of your new address by sending a postcard list- ing your Yamaha model name, engine number, dealer number [or dealer’s name] as it is shown on your warranty card, your name and new mailing address.
  • Page 132 This excellent Y.E.S. plan coverage is only available to Yamaha owners like you, and only while your Yamaha is still within the Yamaha Limited Warranty period. So visit your authorized Yamaha dealer to get all the facts. He can show you how easy it is to protect your investment with Yamaha Extended Service.
  • Page 133 Engine overheat warning system ..2-17 EJU00609 Index Engine serial number ......1-1 Engine shut-off cord (lanyard) ....3-12 2-stroke engine oil........3-3 Engine shut-off switch ......2-10 Engine stop switch ........ 2-10 Adjusting the carburetor ......4-21 Enjoy your watercraft responsibly ..1-21 Adjusting the choke cable .....
  • Page 134 Inspecting the QSTS mechanism..4-13 Periodic maintenance chart..... 4-8 Inspecting the shift cable....... 4-12 Post-operation checks......3-33 Inspecting the steering cable ....4-12 Pre-operation check list......3-5 Pre-operation check points ..... 3-6 Jet unit........... 3-12 Pre-operation checks ......3-5 Jumping the battery......... 5-5 Primary Identification (PRI-ID) number ...
  • Page 135 Troubleshooting ........5-1 Troubleshooting chart ......5-1 Turning the watercraft ......3-28 United States Coast Guard ....1-20 Warning labels ........1-4 Watercraft characteristics...... 1-13 Watercraft Education and Training..1-20 Water separator ........3-7 Water-skiing .......... 1-14 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)............ 6-3...
  • Page 136 YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, USA Printed in USA July 2000—1.5 × 1 CR F0P-F8199-11 (XA800-Z) Printed on recycled paper...

This manual is also suitable for:

2001 waverunner xl800