Yamaha Electone EL-200 Owner's Manual

Yamaha electone owner's manual
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  Summary of Contents for Yamaha Electone EL-200

  • Page 2: Special Message Section

    SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE: The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update existing units.
  • Page 3 • Always save data to a floppy disk frequently, in order to help prevent the loss of important data due to a malfunction or user operating error. Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or destroyed.
  • Page 4: Included Items

    The GM mark is affixed to all software and hardware products that support the General MIDI standard. XG is a new MIDI format created by Yamaha, which significantly improves and expands upon the General MIDI standard by providing a greater variety of high-quality voices plus considerably enhanced effect operation -- while being fully compatible with GM.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents Panel Layout ... 6 EL-200 Panel Layout ... 6 Others ... 8 Main Features ... 9 1 Quick Introductory Guide ... 10 Getting Started ... 10 Basic Registrations ... 11 Basic Operation ... 12 2 Voice Sections ... 13 Selecting Voices from the Panel ...
  • Page 6: Panel Layout

  • Page 8: Others

    Others Keyboard Cover/Music Stand Monitor Speakers Upper Keyboard Lower Keyboard MIDI Jacks (page 51) Knee Lever (page 49) Jacks (page 51) Right-Footswitch (page 27) Left-Footswitch (page 49) Speaker Unit Expression Pedal (page 10) Pedalboard...
  • Page 9: Main Features

    Main Features Astoundingly True-to-life Sounds The new AWM (Advanced Wave Memory) and FM (Frequency Modulation) tone generation technologies make this Electone a truly lifelike musical instrument. You can enjoy playing a total of 21 AWM/FM voices using the touch response function. Expressive Touch Tone From fortissimo to pianissimo you can express strong emotion to subtle nuance of each instrument.
  • Page 10: Quick Introductory Guide

    Only use the voltage specified as correct for the Electone. The required voltage is printed on the name plate of the Electone. Yamaha products are manufactured specifically for the supply voltage in the area where they are to be sold. If you...
  • Page 11: Basic Registrations

    Basic Registrations The Basic Registration section has five factory preset registrations. Each of which is preset with a different set of voices for the Upper/Lower keyboards and Pedalboard, and each specially suited for playing in a different music style. To select Basic Registrations: Press the BASIC REGIST.
  • Page 12: Basic Operation

    Basic Operation Registration Set-up Select the keyboard to play Select the voice Select the rhythm (Voice Menu) (Rhythm Menu) Add effects (Effect Set) Add reverb Loading the Saving the Adjust the total volume Setting Registration registration data registration data (Master Volume) Shift/Footswitch /Knee Lever Playing Electone...
  • Page 13: Voice Sections

    Voice Sections The EL-200 features 21 different high quality AWM/FM voices. All voices are divided in to four voice groups. There are two voice groups on the Upper keyboard, one each on the Lower keyboard and Pedalboard. Each voice section can, of course, have its own voice condition settings such as voice assignment and applying sustain effect.
  • Page 14 Set the volume for each voice section. Use the VOLUME controls of each voice section on the panel to set the desired level for each voice. The controls have seven volume settings, from a minimum of 0, or no sound, to a maximum of full volume. STRINGS BRASS ORGAN...
  • Page 15 Details on All Voices The following chart lists the available voices on the EL-200. Voice Name Voice Group STRINGS Upper/Lower VIOLIN Lead CONTRABASS Pedal BRASS Upper/Lower HORN Lower TRUMPET Lead TUBA Pedal FLUTE Lead OBOE Lead CLARINET Upper/Lower SAXOPHONE Upper/Lower TUTTI Upper/Lower CHORUS...
  • Page 16 The Additional Voices This table lists all the voices including panel voices that can be played back on the EL-200. Group Voice Name Strings 1 Upper/Lower STRINGS Strings 2 Strings 3 Strings 4 Strings 5 Strings 6 Strings 7 Pizz. Strings Trem.
  • Page 17: Voice Controls And Effects

    Voice Controls and Effects You can add Reverb and Sustain effects to your selected voices. Reverb Reverb adds an echo-like effect to the sound, giving the impression of a performance in a large room or concert hall. Reverb effect affects the entire system at one time.
  • Page 18: Rhythms

    Rhythms The Rhythm features of the Electone use actual drum and percussion sampled sounds to automatically play various rhythms. In addition, the Electone has a Keyboard Percussion feature that allows you to play drum and percussion sounds from the Lower keyboard and Pedalboard. Selecting Rhythms from the Panel Ten different rhythms in various styles can be instantly selected from the front panel.
  • Page 19 LEAD IN Pressing the START button while holding down the INTRO. ENDING button automatically plays a special one-measure Lead In, with a click on each beat, to cue you in to the beginning of the song. Set the volume using the panel rhythm volume button. The controls have seven volume settings, from a minimum of 0, or no sound, to a maximum of full volume.
  • Page 20 2) To use the Fill In patterns: Fill In patterns are designed to be used as temporary and regular rhythmic breaks to spice up a repeating rhythm. Like the regular rhythms, all Fill In patterns have been designed to perfectly match the bass and chord parts of the Automatic Accompaniment feature.
  • Page 21: Rhythms

    Rhythms This chart lists all 10 of the rhythms available on the Electone. March Waltz Swing Bounce Slow Rock The Additional Rhythms This table lists all the rhythms including panel voices that can be played back on the EL-200. Category Rhythm Name MARCH March1...
  • Page 22: Keyboard Percussion

    Keyboard Percussion The keyboard Percussion function features a total of 43 different drum and percussion sounds, playable from the keyboards and pedalboard. Turn off the Lower and/or Pedal voices by setting each voice’s volume to MIN. Turn on the Keyboard Percussion function by pressing the LOWER/1 or PEDAL/2 button in the KEYBOARD PERCUSSION section.
  • Page 23 Preset Keyboard Percussion Percussion Assignments for the Lower Keyboard (43) Percussion Assignments for the Pedalboard (18)
  • Page 24 About the Rhythm Sequence Rhythm Sequence is built up with various different rhythm patterns, and can be programmed by the other Electone such as EL-700 and EL-500. The EL-200 doesn’t have Rhythm Sequence function, but it can read and load the rhythm sequence data recorded on the MDR (a floppy disk) to its four Metronome (SEQ.) buttons in the Rhythm section and play back them, as follows: 1.
  • Page 25: Registration Memory

    Registration Memory Registration Memory allows you to store virtually all the settings you make on the panel, providing a convenient way to instantly change all voice settings and rhythms while you’re playing, with the simple touch of a single button on the Registration Memory panel. The buttons are conveniently located between the Upper and Lower keyboards for easy access while playing.
  • Page 26: Saving The Registration Data To Disk

    Saving the Registration Data to Disk Insert a formatted disk into the disk slot under the Music Disk Recorder (M.D.R.). Make certain that the disk is either blank or has data you can erase. If the disk is new and unformatted, you will have to format it. Refer to the instructions how to format a disk (page 30).
  • Page 27: Registration Shift

    Registration Shift The Registration Shift function allows you to change registrations, all the settings you make on the panel, without taking your hands from the keyboards. Each press of the Right Footswitch on the Expression pedal selects the registrations in numerical order. Resetting the Electone to the Factory Preset (Power On Reset) All current settings including Registration Memories can be deleted at once by using the Power On Reset function.
  • Page 28: Music Disk Recorder (M.d.r.)

    Music Disk Recorder (M.D.R.) The Music Disk Recorder (M.D.R.) lets you store the registration data and load back to the Electone as well as record your performance and play back the data. Moreover, the M.D.R. allows you to execute song copy operation and play back commercially available XG song data.
  • Page 29 Yamaha recommends that you use a commercially available dry-type head cleaning disk to clean the head about once a month. NOTE: Ask your Yamaha dealer about the availability of proper head- cleaning disk. About the Floppy Disks To handle flopp y disks with care: Do not place heavy objects on a disk or bend or apply pressure to the disk in any way.
  • Page 30: Formatting A Disk

    Formatting a Disk Before recording, the disk must first be formatted. Put the disk, label facing up, into the disk drive (floppy disk slot). “Fort” will appear on the LED display indicating that the inserted disk requires to be formatted. While holding down the SHIFT button, press the FORMAT button.
  • Page 31: Recording

    Recording 1) To record a song: Set the desired registrations on the Electone. Make all the Electone settings necessary for the song you will record. This means entering the all registrations you will need for the entire performance in the Registration Memory. Make sure also to select the registration that you will use at the beginning of the song.
  • Page 32 After numbers appear on the LED display of the M.D.R., begin playing. Once the setup operation in step #5 is complete, a number will appear on the LED display indicating that you can begin recording your performance. The number also indicates the amount of memory left on the disk.
  • Page 33 Outline of M.D.R. Operation Though the M.D.R. is as easy to operate as a cassette tape recorder, it is far move versatile. Since it records all Electone settings and control movements as well as the notes you play as digital data, it allows you much more flexibility and control than even the most sophisticated tape recorder.
  • Page 34 2) To record each part separately: You can also record the parts of your performance independently; for example, first recording the chords and bass to the song (using the Lower and Pedalboard), and after that recording the melody (using the Upper Keyboard).
  • Page 35 Separate recording for Lead Voice and/or Keyboard Percussion parts: The Lead voice and the Keyboard Percussion can be recorded/played back separately although they are not shown on the M.D.R. panel. Separate recording for Lead Voice and/or K eyboard Percussion parts: Hold down the SHIFT button and simultaneously press the appropriate button in the top row in the procedure #2 above.
  • Page 36: Punch-In Recording

    Press the CUSTOM PLAY button to start recording of the new part or parts (Upper part). Playback of the previously recorded parts starts immediately. The CUSTOM PLAY button is used here to record only the parts that have been selected for recording, and play back only those parts that have been selected for playback.
  • Page 37: Recording Registrations (And Bulk Data)

    Recording Registrations (and Bulk Data) You can also record registrations by themselves, without recording a performance. Bulk data, including Registration Memory and Registration Shift settings, Rhythm Pattern (User rhythms) Rhythm Sequence data, and User voices, are also saved in the operation. There are two ways to record the registrations and bulk data: On the Electone, set the registrations and all other data you want to record.
  • Page 38: Recalling Recorded Registrations (And Bulk Data)

    Recalling Recorded Registrations (and Bulk Data) The registrations (and bulk data) recorded to song numbers in the above operation can be loaded back to the Electone by simply selecting the appropriate song number and pressing the PLAY button. When the operation has been completed, the M.D.R. returns to STOP status.
  • Page 39: Playback

    Playback You can play back your recorded performance by simply pressing the PLAY button. Registrations and other data will be recalled to the Electone. 1) To play back a song: Select the number of the song you want to play back by using the SONG SELECT buttons.
  • Page 40 If you have recorded the Lead Voice/Keyboard Percussion part separately: On the EL-200 the Lead/Keyboard Percussion part(s) you have recorded separately will automatically set to on when you start playback. 2) To play back the selected part(s): You can also play back the selected parts of your recorded performance, while other parts are temporarily turned off.
  • Page 41: Other Functions

    To repeatedly playback all songs starting with the selected song: Press the PLAY button. Playback will begin from the song selected and repeat indefinitely. To repeatedly play back only the selected song: 1. While holding down the SHIFT button, press the SONG REPEAT button again.
  • Page 42 3) Pause If you want to temporarily stop playback of the song or songs, press the PAUSE button. To resume playback from the point at which the song was paused, press the PAUSE button again. 4) Fast Forward and Fast Reverse During playback, these buttons function as fast forward and fast reverse buttons, much like those of a tape recorder.
  • Page 43 6) Song Copy This function lets you copy the data recorded at one song number to another song number. You can copy and exchange the data even between two different disks. To use the Song Cop y function within a disk: Select the song number to be copied (source) with the SONG SELECT buttons.
  • Page 44 To use the Song Cop y function between tw Insert the source disk that contains the song you want to copy from. While holding down the SHIFT button, press the SONG COPY FROM button. The song number to be copied from appears at the left of the LED display.
  • Page 45 STOP status is automatically resumed. 8) Disk Copy You can duplicate a floppy disk by copying the contents. Yamaha recommends that you keep two copies of important data on separate floppy disks using Disk copy function.
  • Page 46 Insert the source disk into the disk slot. The M.D.R. starts reading the data in the source disk. “out 1” appears on the LED display. Press the eject button to take out the source disk. “In 2” appears on the LED display to urge you to insert the destination disk.
  • Page 47 10) Copy Protect Some of the Disks available for the Electone are purposely protected from being copied or erased. You cannot save the data to another floppy disk. If you try to load data from such a “copy-protected” disk to the Electone, a “Protected Disk”...
  • Page 48 Messages on the M.D.R. LED Display Display Description of the Messages No disk is installed. Install a disk. 1) The installed disk is write-protected, so the Record, Song Copy, and Song Delete jobs cannot be performed. Set the disk’s Write-protect tab (page 29) to OFF. 2) If you are using a copy-protected playback-only disk, this message may appear when you attempt the Record, Song Copy, or Song Delete operations.
  • Page 49: Footswitches, Knee Lever

    Footswitches and Knee Lever These leg- and foot-operated controls allow you to turn on and execute some functions without taking your hands from the keyboards. Footswitch The Electone has two Footswitches on the main expression pedal that can be used to control Registration Shift and Rhythm On/Off functions. The Right Footswitch is used for the Registration Shift function.
  • Page 50 Press the Knee Lever to the right with your knee when you want to have sustain. Sustain effect is applied while the Knee Lever is pressed. 1 When the Knee Lever is folded up: The sustain effect is on. 2 When the Knee Lever is vertical: The sustain effect is cancelled.
  • Page 51: Rhythms 18

    Accessory Jacks and Controls Various input/output terminals and controls are equipped on the EL-200. On the underside of the Electone keyboard is a separate panel equipped with various input/output terminals and controls, the functions of which are described below. RHYTHM 1 Input Jack RHYTHM IN (Phone, L/R) This pair of phone jacks is for connection to an external rhythm machine.
  • Page 52: Appendix

    Serial Cable you need to install the appropriate MIDI driver to your personal computer in advance. Download the MIDI driver at the following web site http://www.yamaha-xg.com/english/xg/ index.html. NOTE: Select the HOST SELECT switches as follows: When you use MIDI connection: MIDI...
  • Page 53 Using MIDI IN/OUT jacks Controls an external device using the EL-200 (as a master) EL-200 MIDI OUT HOST SELECT PC-2 PC-1 MIDI MIDI IN MU80 etc. 1 Control an external device using the EL-200 Using an exter nal MIDI k eyboard or MIDI tone generator Playing your Electone can cause the MIDI keyboard (or tone generator) to be played using its own voices.
  • Page 54: Channel Messages

    The MIDI Messages of the EL-200 The MIDI messages can be divided into two groups: the Channel Messages and System Messages. The Channel Messages are the data related to the performance on the keyboard for a specific channel. Each time you play the keyboard on the EL-200, the channel messages, which keys are played and how hard the keys are pressed, will be transmitted via a specific channel.
  • Page 55: System Messages

    System Messages System Exclusi ve Messages System Exclusive messages are used to exchange the system and voice/ registration data. These allow you to execute bulk dump operation, sending and receiving all the data of the EL-200 including registrations to and from an external device.
  • Page 56 Send the Registration Data from your PC to the EL-200 and Change the Registration Memory Buttons Send the data stored in the PC back to your Electone. Also select the registration and play the Upper keyboard on the Electone using a PC. Receiving the Registration Data Send the Request-to-Receive all RAM message, “F0, 43, 70, 70, 20, F7”...
  • Page 57 Use the EL-200 as an XG Tone Generator You can also use the EL-200 as an XG tone generator since the EL-200 is compatible with the XG format. You can play back the commercially available XG song data with the Electone’s M.D.R., and also play them using an external sequencer (or sequencing software) and the internal XG tone generator.
  • Page 58: Midi Data Format

    MIDI Data Format 1. Channel Messages 1.1 EL Mode Code (Hexadecimal) Function Transmit Receive Remarks...
  • Page 59 Code (Hexadecimal) Function 1.2 XG Mode Code (Hexadecimal) Function Transmit Receive Remarks Transmit Receive Remarks...
  • Page 60: Realtime Messages

    Code (Hexadecimal) 2. Realtime Messages Code (Hexadecimal) 3. System Exclusive Messages 3.1 Format Code (Hexadecimal) Code (Hexadecimal) Code (Hexadecimal) Code (Hexadecimal) Function Transmit Function Transmit Message Message Message Message Receive Remarks Receive Remarks Transmit Receive Transmit Receive Transmit Receive Transmit Receive...
  • Page 61 Code (Hexadecimal) X : don't care N : Device Number(“0” on EL-200) *1 Data Codes to Send Data *2 Data Codes to Receive Data *3 Switches Switch Message ID=4A Transmit Receive Transmit Receive...
  • Page 62 *4 Switch Codes Selectors Code Switch Volume Code Switch To Lower Code Switch Brilliance Code Switch Transmit Tx Range Receive Rx Range Remarks Transmit Tx Range Receive Rx Range Remarks Transmit Tx Range Receive Rx Range Remarks Transmit Tx Range Receive Rx Range Remarks...
  • Page 63 Sustain Code Switch Transmit Tx Range Receive Rx Range Remarks Keyboard Percussion Code Switch Transmit Tx Range Receive Rx Range Remarks Disable Code Switch Transmit Tx Range Receive Rx Range Remarks Tremolo Code Switch Transmit Tx Range Receive Rx Range Remarks Rhythm Sequence Code Switch...
  • Page 64 *5 EL MIDI Parameters Voice Section Parameters Panel Voice Parameters Address Size 00-04, 06, 07 00-0D 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07 00-04, 06, 07...
  • Page 65 Effect Parameters (Voice Sections) Parameter Address Size Data Effect Select 00-01 00-04, 06, 07 00-05 Reverb 00-01 00-04, 06, 07 40-42 00-7F Tremolo 00-01 00-04, 06, 07 48-4A 00-7F Symphonic 00-01 00-04, 06, 07 00-7F Delay 00-01 00-04, 06, 07 58-5B 00-7F Flanger...
  • Page 66 Rhythm Sequence Parameters Address Size Data 00-03 00-01 Rhythm Sequence Accompaniment Parameters Address Size Data 00-03 00-01 00-7F 00-7F A.B.C. Parameters Address Size Data 00-03 00-01 00-01 M.O.C. Parameters Address Size Data 00-03 00-01 Transmit Receive Parameter Content 00:OFF 01:ON Parameter Content Transmit...
  • Page 67 Overall System Parameters Address Size Data Parameter 00-01 Disable 00-01 Flute Coupler Attack Mode 3A-46 Transpose 00-0B 2nd Expression Range 00-03 Footswitch Mode 3C-4F Pitch 00-04 Glide Speed 34-4C Manual Balance 00-01 L.I.T. 00-01 Expression INT/EXT Effect Parameters (Overall) Address Size Data Parameter...
  • Page 68: Midi Implementation Chart

    MIDI Implementation Chart YAMAHA [Electone-EL mode] / Model: EL-200 Function Basic Channel Default Changed Mode Default Messages Altered Note Number True Voice Velocity Note ON Note OFF After Touch Key's Pitch Bend Control Change 0, 32 1, 5, 7, 10...
  • Page 69 YAMAHA [Electone-XG mode] / Model: EL-200 Function Basic Channel Default Changed Mode Default Messages Altered Note Number True Voice Velocity Note ON Note OFF After Touch Key's Ch's Pitch Bend Control Change 0, 32 1, 5, 7, 10 6, 38...
  • Page 70: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting Problem GENERAL OPERATION A cracking noise is sometimes heard. Interference from radio, TV, or other sources occurs. This is caused by the proximity of a high-power broadcasting station, an Electone causes some noise. Radio/ or TV generates some noise. The sound of the Electone causes surrounding objects to resonate.
  • Page 71 Problem VOICES/RHYTHMS Pedalboard doesn’t sound, even when its volume is properly set. When keys on the Lower keyboard or pedalboard are Keyboard Percussion function is set to on. Turn the Keyboard Percussion off. pressed, the sounds of percussion instruments are also heard.
  • Page 72: El-200 Specifications

    Specifications and description in this Owner's Manual are information purposes only. Yamaha Corp. reserves the right to change or modify products or specifications at any time without prior notice. As specifications, equipment or options may not be the same in every locale, please check with Yamaha dealer.
  • Page 73: Index

    Index AUX. OUT ... 51 BAR/BEAT ... 19 BASIC REGlST..11 Control ... 17 Control data ... 33 Copy Protect ... 47 CUSTOM PLAY ... 41 D. (Disable) ... 25 Details on All Voices ... 15 Disk Copy ... 45 Effect ...
  • Page 74 L or coloured RED. Making sure that neither core is connected to the earth terminal of the three pin plug. • This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd. (2 wires)
  • Page 75 For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor listed below. EUROPE THE UNITED KINGDOM Yamaha-Kemble Music (U.K.) Ltd. Sherbourne Drive, Tilbrook, Milton Keynes, MK7 8BL, England Tel: 01908-366700 OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES Yamaha Corporation, Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division...
  • Page 76 Yamaha Manual Library (English versions only) http://www2.yamaha.co.jp/manual/english/ This document is printed on recycled chlorine free (ECF) paper with soy Ink. M.D.G., Pro Audio & Digital Musical Instrument Division, Yamaha Corporation V697020 011MWAP3.2-01A0 © 2000 Yamaha Corporation...