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Polaris 600 RMK Owner's Manual

Polaris 2006 snowmobile owner's manual.
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  • Page 3

    WARNING Read, understand, and follow all of the instructions and safety precautions in this manual and on all product labels. Failure to follow the safety precautions could result in serious injury or death. PROPOSITION 65 WARNING Snowmobile engines discharge fuel and exhaust, which contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other...

  • Page 4

    S All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) S RANGER utility vehicles S Victory motorcycles We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and recreational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of experience have gone into the engineering, design, and development of your Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we’ve ever...

  • Page 5

    Industries Inc. RIDER SELECT is a trademark of Polaris Industries Inc. Copyright 2005 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant improvements in the design and quality of production components, some minor discrepancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in this publication.

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    ......This section defines your role, and your dealer’s role, in your snowmobile’s regular maintenance. Polaris Products Troubleshooting Warranty .

  • Page 8: Introduction

    INTRODUCTION Important Notes for Owners and Drivers After reading this manual, store it in the snowmobile for convenient reference. It should remain with the snowmobile when sold. Some of the illustrations and photos used in this manual are general representations. Your model may differ. Follow the maintenance program outlined in this manual.

  • Page 9: Preservation Of The Environment

    Polaris snowmobiles are engineered to conform to these SAE standards. Our muffler systems are designed to reduce noise levels and must not be altered or removed. The sound of your snowmobile may not be welcome to non-snowmobilers, so you have a responsibility to operate your snowmobile with concern for others.

  • Page 10: Vehicle Identification Numbers

    Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place. Your key can be duplicated only by mating a Polaris key blank with one of your existing keys, so if both keys are lost, the ignition switch must be replaced.

  • Page 11: Safety

    SAFETY Operator Safety The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words and symbols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the manual. The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts you to the potential for injury.

  • Page 12: Operator Safety

    Always check major and vital safety components before every ride. All Polaris snowmobiles are designed and tested to provide safe operation when used as directed. Failure of critical machine components may result from operation with any modifications, especially those that increase speed or power.

  • Page 13: Riding Position

    SAFETY Operator Safety Stay Clear of Track Your snowmobile is propelled by a revolving track that must be partially exposed for proper operation. WARNING Serious injuries may result if hands, feet, or clothing become entangled in the track. Be alert when riding, and remain properly seated to stay clear of the track.

  • Page 14: Survival Preparation, Riding Apparel

    Operator Safety Survival Preparation For your safety, always ride in a group of other snowmobilers. Always tell someone where you’re going and how long you expect to be gone. If it isn’t possible to ride with others, and you must travel into remote areas, always carry survival equipment that’s appropriate to the conditions you may encounter.

  • Page 15: Disabled Operators, Rider Capacity, Excessive Speed

    Operators with cognitive or physical disabilities have an increased risk of loss of control, which could result in serious injury or death. Rider Capacity Your Polaris snowmobile is designed for a single rider only. Do not carry a passenger. Excessive Speed WARNING High speed driving, especially at night, could result in serious injury or death.

  • Page 16: Driver Awareness

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driver Awareness Slow down when traveling near poles, posts, or other obstacles. Be especially alert if you’re snowmobiling after dark. Always be on the alert for wire fences. Single strands are especially dangerous, since there may be a great distance between posts.

  • Page 17

    SAFETY Operator Safety Avalanches Snowmobilers should always be properly trained and equipped before traveling in mountainous terrain: S Take an avalanche class S Travel with experienced people S Travel on designated trails S Make sure each person is equipped with a shovel, probe and avalanche beacon.

  • Page 18: Driving Downhill, Ice And Snow Build-up, Driving On Slippery Surfaces

    Operator Safety Ice and Snow Build-up WARNING Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, resulting in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free of snow and ice. Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering.

  • Page 19: Driving In Hilly Terrain

    SAFETY Operator Safety Driving in Hilly Terrain WARNING Climbing a hill or crossing the face of a slope may result in loss of balance and machine roll-over, causing serious injury or death. Use caution and good judgement when driving in hilly terrain. Use extra caution when operating in hilly terrain.

  • Page 20: Drive Belt, Intake Silencer, Cold Weather Drive-away

    SAFETY Operator Safety Drive Belt Do not operate the engine with the drive belt removed. Any servicing that requires operation without a belt must be performed by your dealer. Operation of the engine with the belt removed may result in injury or damage to the engine. Intake Silencer Do not operate the engine with the intake silencer or filter removed.

  • Page 21: Inadequate Snow Conditions

    SAFETY Operator Safety Inadequate Snow Conditions WARNING Do not drive for prolonged periods on blacktop, gravel, or ice. Doing so could cause irreversible track damage and lead to serious injury. Since snow provides the only lubrication for the power slide suspension and, on liquid cooled models, cooling for the engine, adequate snow cover is a requirement for operation of your machine.

  • Page 22: Driving Responsibly

    Operator Safety Driving Responsibly Every snowmobile handles differently, and even the most docile conditions may become dangerous if operators drive improperly. If you’re new to snowmobiling, acquaint yourself with the machine and with what it will and won’t do under various conditions. Even seasoned drivers should spend some time getting the feel for a machine before attempting ambitious maneuvers.

  • Page 23

    SAFETY Operator Safety Windchill/Temperature Charts The following information is provided to help you determine when temperatures become dangerous for riding. WIND CHILL CHART (°F) Wind Speed Calm Frostbite in >> WIND CHILL CHART (°C) Wind Speed Calm Frostbite in >> Actual Thermometer Reading (°F) Equivalent Temperature (°F) 30 min.

  • Page 24: Safety Decals And Locations, Clutch Cover Warning, Pressure Cap Warning

    If any decal becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by Polaris at no charge.

  • Page 25: Track Warning

    SAFETY Safety Decals and Locations Track Warning Warming Stay clear of track. Do not sit on seat back. Entanglement with the track or a fall from seat back may result in severe injury or death. “No Passenger” Warning Warming This vehicle is designed for operator only.

  • Page 26: Reverse Warning

    Safety Decals and Locations Reverse Warning Reverse operation, even at low speeds, may cause loss of control resulting in serious injury or death. To avoid loss of control, always: Look behind before and while backing. Avoid sharp turns. Shift to or from reverse only when stopped. Apply throttle slowly.

  • Page 27: Operation Warning

    S To avoid serious injury or death, read and understand all warnings and the Owner’s Manual before operation. If the manual is miss- ing, contact a Polaris dealer for a replacement. S This vehicle is capable of high speeds. Buried objects or un- even terrain can cause loss of control.

  • Page 28: Features, Features

    Hood Headlight Windshield Handlebar Side Shield Seat Storage Compartment Taillights Fuel Filler Cap Rider Selectt Ignition Switch Handlebar hook Brake Lever Mountain Bar MFD (Multi-Function Display) Engine Stop Switch Choke Rear Bumper 10. Snow Flap 11. Suspension 12. Track 13. Nosepan 14.

  • Page 29

    FEATURES RIDER SELECT Adjustable Steering System The RIDER SELECT adjustable steering system allows you to adjust the handlebar position to fit your style of riding. Choosing the Best RIDER SELECTt Position Position Riding Style Relaxed Trail Riding Rider weight is slightly behind the center of the snowmobile for comfortable and re- laxed riding.

  • Page 30

    RIDER SELECT Adjustable Steering System WARNING Attempting to adjust the handlebar position while the snowmobile is moving could result in loss of control and serious injury or death. Always stop the snowmobile before attempting to adjust the steering system. 1. Stop the snowmobile. 2.

  • Page 31

    FEATURES Fuel Valve The fuel valve is located under the hood. Turn the fuel valve off whenever the snowmobile is stored or parked. 1. Turn the valve clockwise to turn off the fuel supply. 2. Turn the valve counter-clockwise to turn on the fuel supply. Seat Storage Compartment Lift the seat lever ( ) and lift the...

  • Page 32

    DET Troubleshooting Use this chart to determine causes and solutions for detonation. If none of these conditions exists and the sensor remains activated, see your Polaris dealer for diagnosis. Possible Cause Poor quality fuel Improper engine modifications...

  • Page 33

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Component Identification Item 1 Analog Gauge 2 Digital Gauge 3 DET Indicator 4 Low Oil Indicator 5 High Temp Indicator 6 Brake Indicator 7 Reverse Indicator 8 High Beam Indicator Digital Display Identification Item 1 RPM or Speed Altitude (if equipped) Service Interval 2 Electrical System Voltage...

  • Page 34

    Instrumentation MFD Settings With the engine running, use the MFD Control Switch (1) to set the MFD display to your preference. The rocker switch has a MODE button (2) and a SET button (3). Standard vs. Metric The MFD will display either standard or metric units of measurement.

  • Page 35

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Press the MODE button to cycle through the three MFD programs: Performance, Engine and History. Each program will remain in the display until another is selected. NOTE: The analog will always display either MPH or engine RPM (whichever setting is selected) regardless of the display program being viewed.

  • Page 36

    Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Performance Program Clock Setting 1. While in the CLOCK display, press and hold the SET button for five seconds. 2. When the hour starts flashing press the SET switch once to advance one hour, or press and hold the SET button to advance the hour once every 0.2 seconds.

  • Page 37

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Altitude (if equipped) The rider can calibrate the altimeter for current atmospheric conditions. Altimeter accuracy will be +/-300 ft. (91 m) after adjustment. NOTE: Press and hold the MODE switch for ten seconds to switch between standard and metric units of measurement.

  • Page 38

    Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs History Program The History Program automatically displays electrical system voltage level and fuel level. While in the History mode, press the SET button to view maximum vehicle speed, maximum engine rpm or the current service interval setting.

  • Page 39

    FEATURES Instrumentation MFD Digital Display Programs Service Interval Reminder The gauge logs the number of engine hours between service reminders. When the logged hours reaches the designated service interval (set by the user), the gauge provides a reminder that service is due. “SErVCE” will flash in the odometer area and “ENG”...

  • Page 40

    Instrumentation MFD Battery Replacement If the clock function of the MFD isn’t working properly, replace the battery. Replacement batteries are available from your dealer. 1. Remove the plenum from the underside of the hood. 2. Locate the black battery compartment (1). It has a red wire and a brown wire with a white stripe.

  • Page 41

    FEATURES Instrumentation Gauge Cleaning 1. Wipe the gauge face as needed using a clean cloth and a mild soap and water solution. Wipe dry with clean, soft cloth. 2. Clean the back side of the gauge using a clean cloth and a mild soap and water solution.

  • Page 42: The Perfect Fit, Ifs Components

    IQ Front Suspension Adjustments Independent Front Suspension (IFS) Break in the suspension for approximately 150 miles (240 km) before making any fine-tuning adjustments. Settings will vary from rider to rider, depending on rider weight, vehicle speed, riding style, and trail conditions. We recommend starting with factory settings and then customizing each adjustment individually to suit rider preference.

  • Page 43: Front Shock Spring Preload, Shock Valving, Front Springs

    IQ Front Suspension Adjustments Front Shock Spring Preload The factory preload setting should be appropriate for most riders and conditions. Please see your Polaris dealer for assistance before attempting to adjust preload. Increasing the spring preload too much may adversely affect the handling of the snowmobile and the performance of the rear suspension.

  • Page 44: Rear Suspension Adjustments, Suspension Performance Tips

    S In deep snow, a new rail slide will offer improved performance over a worn slide. It can also improve top speed. S Polaris offers track kits for improved flotation in deep snow. See your dealer for assistance. NOTE: Keep the suspension pivot points lubricated.

  • Page 45

    THE PERFECT FIT Rear Suspension Adjustments Rear Suspension Initial Spring Preload Setting (Sag Method) To set up the rear suspension torsion spring preload, measure the distance between the ground and rear bumper. This is measurement X. Take this measurement with no rider and with the rear suspension at full extension.

  • Page 46

    THE PERFECT FIT Rear Suspension Adjustments Rear Torsion Spring Tension To adjust rear torsion spring tension, rotate the three-position cam using the engine spark plug tool. Different rate torsion springs are available if a firmer ride is desired. Contact your dealer for more information. The following information is provided only as a guideline to be used for initial suspension set-up.

  • Page 47

    THE PERFECT FIT Rear Suspension Adjustments Rear Shocks Indy Select Rear Shock Some snowmobiles are equipped with the Indy Select rear shock, which allows for adjustments to the compression valving by turning the adjustment screw located near the base of the shock. Locate the adjustment screw (L) near the base of the shock.

  • Page 48

    THE PERFECT FIT Rear Suspension Adjustments Rear Shocks ARVIN Rapid Adjust Shock The ARVIN Rapid Adjust shock is available as an option on some models. Turn the Rapid Adjust knob (L) on the shock reservoir to make adjustments to the compression damping. Positions are labeled on the shock.

  • Page 49: Handlebar Position, Handlebar Angle

    THE PERFECT FIT Handlebar Adjustments Handlebar Position Use the RIDER SELECT feature to adjust handlebar position. See page 26. Handlebar Angle Follow these steps to adjust handlebar angle at the handlebar block. 1. Remove the handlebar cover (1) to expose the handlebar and the four adjuster block bolts (2).

  • Page 50

    Accessories Polaris offers a wide range of accessories for your snowmobile to help make each ride more enjoyable. Use only Polaris parts and accessories on your Polaris snowmobile. Use of unapproved parts and accessories may result in: S Non-compliance with government/industry requirements...

  • Page 51

    Use only Polaris traction products on your snowmobile. Track warranties are void if track damage or failure results from improper or excessive stud installation or the use of non-Polaris traction products. See your dealer about installing studs and/or carbides. CAUTION Always install wear strips before installing studs.

  • Page 52: Carbide Skags, Wear Strips

    Traction Products (SwitchBack only) Carbide Skags A skag is a replaceable bar attached to the underside of the ski to assist in turning the snowmobile and to prevent ski wear caused by contact with roads and other bare terrain. Use carbide skags with studded tracks to help maintain proper vehicle steering and control.

  • Page 53: Pre-ride Inspections

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Pre-Ride Checklist Inspect all items on the checklist for proper operation or condition before each use of the snowmobile. Procedures are outlined on the referenced pages. Look for a checkmark (n) on the referenced pages to locate the pre-ride inspection items. Drive Belt Condition Steering System Recoil Rope...

  • Page 54: Before Starting The Engine

    Before Starting the Engine WARNING Worn, damaged, or malfunctioning components may cause serious injury or death. Before starting the engine, check all components to be sure of proper operation. Read and Understand Your Owner’s Manual Read the Owner’s Manual completely and refer to it often. The manual is your guide to safe and enjoyable snowmobiling experience.

  • Page 55: Hood Latches, Recoil Rope

    Recoil Rope Inspect the recoil rope and handle for excessive wear, and make sure the knot securing the rope inside the handle is secure. If excessive wear is found, see your Polaris dealer for replacement. Steering System WARNING Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, resulting in serious injury or death.

  • Page 56: Brake Lever Travel

    Before Starting the Engine Brakes Always check the following items for proper operation before starting the engine. Brake Lever Travel Squeeze the brake lever. It should move no closer to the handgrip than 1/2″ (1.3 cm). A smaller distance indicates low brake fluid level or air in the hydraulic system.

  • Page 57: Park Brake Lever Lock

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Before Starting the Engine Park Brake Lever Lock Use the park brake lever lock only when you want the machine to remain stationary; for example, when parked on an incline for a period of five minutes or less. 1.

  • Page 58

    The 2.4” powder track is designed specifically for deep snow applications. Operation in low snow conditions at high speeds may cause track lug separation. Track lug separation is not covered under the Polaris limited warranty policy. Polaris does not recommend operation above 70 mph with this track. CAUTION High speed use on hardpacked surfaces is not recommended for models equipped with a deep lug track.

  • Page 59: Ignition Switch, Start The Engine And Check, Tether Switch, Mirror Adjustment

    PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS Start the Engine and Check n Engine Stop Switch Check the auxiliary shut-off switch for proper operation. Push the switch down to stop the engine. Pull it up to allow restarting. n Ignition Switch Make sure the engine stops when the ignition switch is turned to OFF. n Tether Switch If your machine has a tether switch, remove the tether from the switch to make sure the engine stops immediately.

  • Page 60: Operation

    Starting the Engine WARNING Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings pertaining to snowmobile operation. Never start your snowmobile without checking all components to be sure of proper operation. See Check Before Starting the Engine beginning on page 51. Starting a Cold Engine Do not depress the throttle until the engine starts.

  • Page 61: Starting A Warm Engine, Engine Break-in

    No single action on your part is as important to long, trouble-free machine life as proper break-in of a new or rebuilt engine. Premix the first tank of gasoline with one pint of Polaris injection oil for each five gallons of fuel. This, in addition to the lubrication supplied by the injection system, will assure proper engine break-in.

  • Page 62: Oil Injection System, Oil Recommendations, Slide Rail And Track Cooling

    This snowmobile is equipped with a variable exhaust system (VES). Engine lubrication comes from oil added to the fuel and oil injection systems. Polaris recommends the use of VES II 2 Cycle Oil for this engine. See page 108 for the part numbers of Polaris products.

  • Page 63: Track Warm-up

    OPERATION Track Warm-Up WARNING A loose track or flying debris could cause serious injury or death. Stand clear of the front of the machine and the moving track. Never hold the snowmobile up or stand behind it while warming up the track. Do not use excessive throttle during warm-up or when the track is free-hanging.

  • Page 64

    Fuel WARNING Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions. S Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline. S Always refuel outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. S Always turn off the engine before refueling. S Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck. S Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the area where refueling is performed or where gasoline is stored.

  • Page 65: Fuel Level, Fuel System Deicers

    Never use deicers or additives containing methanol. Polaris also recommends the use of Carbon Clean Plus. See page 108 for the part numbers of Polaris products. If you use oxygenated fuel containing ethanol, additional alcohol...

  • Page 66: Low Oil Level

    Always maintain a visible level of oil in the tank. If oil is not visible, continued operation may cause serious engine damage. See page 71 for oil recommendations. The Polaris oil cap on the oil bottle is vented to allow proper oil flow. See your Polaris dealer for recommended replacement parts. OPERATION...

  • Page 67: Engine Stop Switch

    OPERATION n Engine Stop Switch Push down on the engine stop switch (L) to ground out the ignition and stop the engine quickly. Pull the switch up to the ON position to allow restarting. n Throttle Safety Switch The throttle safety switch is designed to stop the engine whenever all pressure is removed from the throttle lever and the throttle cable or valves do not return to the normal closed position.

  • Page 68: Throttle Lever

    When these switches are disconnected, the ignition key switch must be used to shut off the engine. DO NOT continue to operate the machine with the throttle safety switch disconnected. Return the machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for service as soon as possible. OPERATION...

  • Page 69: Emergency Stopping

    OPERATION Emergency Stopping The following chart lists methods for stopping the snowmobile in the event of an emergency. See page 64 for more information about the engine stop switch and throttle safety switch. SYSTEM Ignition Switch Brake Choke Engine Stop Switch Throttle Safety Switch Tether Switch (Option) WHAT IT DOES...

  • Page 70: Emergency Starting

    Emergency Starting If the recoil starter system fails, an emergency start strap is provided in the tool kit. 1. Open the hood. 2. Remove the left side panel. 3. Using the belt removal tool, follow the directions on the air box to relieve belt tension.

  • Page 71

    OPERATION Electronic Reverse (PERCt) Electronic reverse will activate only if the engine RPM is below 4000. WARNING Improper reverse operation, even at low speeds, may cause loss of control, resulting in serious injury or death. Damage will occur to the chaincase or transmission if shifting is attempted when the engine is operating above idle speed.

  • Page 72: Daily Storage

    Daily Storage At the end of each ride, park the snowmobile on a level surface and support it at the rear with an appropriate track stand. The track should be suspended approximately 4″ (10 cm) off the ground. Remove the key and cover the machine.

  • Page 73: Maintenance

    MAINTENANCE Polaris Recommended Maintenance Program To ensure many trouble-free miles of snowmobiling enjoyment, follow recommended regular maintenance and perform service checks as outlined in this manual. Record maintenance and service in the Maintenance Log beginning on page 120. The recommended maintenance schedule on your snowmobile calls for service and maintenance inspections at 150 miles (240 km), 500 miles (800 km) and 1000 miles (1600 km).

  • Page 74

    The following chart is a guide based on average riding conditions. You may need to increase frequency based on riding conditions. When inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, always use genuine Polaris parts, available from your Polaris dealer. Item Clutch Offset Alignment...

  • Page 75

    MAINTENANCE Periodic Maintenance Interval Table Item Hose Routing Hose Condition Fluid Leaks Brake Pads Brake Disc Parking Brakes Brake System Brake fluid Idle RPM Throttle Lever Oil Pump Lever (synchronize) Throttle Cable Choke Vent Lines Throttle Position Sensor Fuel Filter Fuel Lines Oil Filter Oil Lines...

  • Page 76

    Periodic Maintenance Interval Table Item Ski Toe Alignment Suspension Mounting Bolts Steering Fasteners Rear Suspension Fasteners Suspension Shock Oil Cooling Fins and Shroud Drive Shaft Bearings Jackshaft Bearings Skags (Wear Bars) Ski Saddle/Spindle Bolts Drive Chain Tension Hood Straps Rear Wheel Idler Bolts Idler Bolt Jam Nut Rear Suspension Pivot Shafts...

  • Page 77: Front Suspension, Rear Suspension

    The front suspension and steering components do not require lubrication. Rear Suspension Lubricate the suspension pivot shafts with Polaris Premium All Season Grease at 500 miles (800 km) initially, every 1000 miles (1600 km) after that, and before off-season storage each year. Lack of lubrication will adversely affect your ride and the life of the suspension.

  • Page 78: Throttle Cable, Driveshaft Bearing, Choke And Cable

    MAINTENANCE Lubrication Driveshaft Bearing Inject grease into the fitting on the speedometer sensor housing until grease purges from the seal on the inside of the tunnel. This should take approximately two pumps. Do not use more than four pumps. Throttle Cable Lubricate the throttle cable lightly with grease or oil.

  • Page 79: Chaincase Oil, Oil Check

    (2). Change the chaincase oil after the first 500 miles (800 km), then every 1000 miles (1600 km) or seasonally. Polaris recommends the use of Polaris Synthetic Chaincase Lube. See page 108 for the part numbers of Polaris products.

  • Page 80: Oil Change

    Lubrication Chaincase Oil Oil Change 1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. 2. Remove the drain plug (4) and drain the oil into a drain pan. Allow the oil to drain completely 3. Install a new sealing washer on the drain plug.

  • Page 81: General Maintenance, Spark Plugs

    MAINTENANCE General Maintenance Spark Plugs A new engine can cause temporary spark plug fouling due to the preservative added during the assembly process. Avoid prolonged idle speeds, which cause plug fouling and carbonization. Change the spark plugs every 2000-2500 miles (3200-4000 km). CAUTION Using non-recommended spark plugs can result in serious engine damage.

  • Page 82

    General Maintenance Spark Plugs Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug firing end condition should be read after the engine has been warmed up and the vehicle has been driven at higher speeds. Immediately check the spark plug for correct color. WARNING A hot exhaust system and engine can cause serious burns.

  • Page 83: Intake Filters, Fuel Pump

    All fuel pump service must be performed by an authorized Polaris dealer. Do not attempt to service the fuel pump. Fuel Filter/Fuel Lines See your Polaris dealer for replacement of the in-tank fuel filter every 1000 miles (or annually). Inspect the fuel lines regularly for signs of deterioration or damage.

  • Page 84: Exhaust System

    General Maintenance Oil Filter/Oil Lines Inspect oil line condition at 1000 miles (1600 km). The oil filter should be changed annually or every 1000 miles (1600 km). The oil filter is located on the left side of the bulkhead behind the drive clutch. Have your dealer perform the filter change and bleeding operation.

  • Page 85: Carburetor Adjustments

    It’s your dealer’s responsibility to make sure the correct main jet is installed. CAUTION Operating the snowmobile with incorrect jetting can result in serious engine damage. Have your Polaris dealer perform all carburetor adjustments to ensure all adjustments are done correctly. Carburetor Adjustments The frequency at which the carburetors are synchronized or balanced is important.

  • Page 86: Cleaning Procedure, Carburetor Water/sediment Trap

    General Maintenance Carburetor Water/Sediment Trap Most Polaris snowmobiles contain patented carburetor bowl water/sediment traps located at the bottom of each carburetor. The trap, consisting of a hose with a plug, should be drained about every 1000 miles (1600 km) and inspected for contamination.

  • Page 87: Coolant Level

    Use Premium 60/40 anti-freeze coolant, which is already premixed and ready to use. Do not dilute with water. Never exceed a 60% antifreeze/40% water mixture. See page 108 for the part numbers of Polaris products. NOTE: Never add tap water to the cooling system. Minerals cause deposits and may react adversely with the metals in the engine and cooling system.

  • Page 88: Flushing The Cooling System

    This service must be done when the engine is cold. Ask your Polaris dealer to check the coolant when he performs the fall tune-up on your snowmobile.

  • Page 89: Bleeding The Cooling System

    MAINTENANCE General Maintenance Bleeding the Cooling System Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the recovery system to function properly. If the pressure cap needs replacement, contact your dealer for the correct part. WARNING Steam and hot liquids will cause serious burns to your skin. Never bleed the cooling system or remove the pressure cap when the engine is warm or hot.

  • Page 90: Drive Chain Tension

    General Maintenance Drive Chain Tension Check drive chain tension weekly and before each long trip. To obtain correct chain tension: 1. Rotate the driven clutch counterclockwise to move all chain slack to the tensioner side. Lock the brake lever lock, or have an assistant hold the brake lever firmly.

  • Page 91: Hydraulic Brake Inspection, Brake Components

    3. Brake Pad Material (Replace when thick- ness is less than 1/16″/1.5mm). Excessive Lever Travel Hydraulic brakes are self-adjusting, but if excessive brake pad clearance develops (see page 88), bring the machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for inspection and adjustment.

  • Page 92: Brake Fluid

    Brake fluid will damage decals, paint and some plastics. Always wipe up spills immediately. Replace brake fluid at least every two years with Polaris DOT 4 high temperature brake fluid. See page 108 for the part numbers of Polaris products.

  • Page 93: Bleeding The Hydraulic Brake System

    MAINTENANCE General Maintenance Bleeding the Hydraulic Brake System Air in the hydraulic brake system will cause spongy brake lever action. Bleed the system before operating the snowmobile. WARNING Operating the vehicle with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of brakes, which could cause an accident and lead to serious injury or death.

  • Page 94: Removing Halogen Bulbs, Installing Halogen Bulbs

    General Maintenance Removing Halogen Bulbs NOTE: Do not touch a halogen bulb with bare fingers. Oil from skin leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life of the lamp. If fingers do touch the bulb, clean it with an alcohol-moistened towel.

  • Page 95: Clutch System, Clutch Center Distance

    CAUTION The bushings in the weights and rollers of Polaris clutches are made of a material that may be damaged if lubricated. Do not lubricate clutch bushings. Clutch Alignment and Offset Clutch alignment offset is important for maintaining optimum performance.

  • Page 96: Drive Belt Condition, Drive Belt Removal

    General Maintenance Drive Belt Condition Periodically check the condition and tension of the drive belt, and always carry a spare. Inspect the belt for signs of excessive wear: frayed edges, missing cogs, cracks and excessive looseness. Replace the belt if any of these conditions exist. See Drive Belt Troubleshooting on page 113.

  • Page 97: Drive Belt Installation

    MAINTENANCE General Maintenance Drive Belt Installation 1. Drop the drive belt over the drive clutch and pull back the slack. NOTE: To ensure satisfactory belt life, install belts so they operate in the same direction of rotation by positioning the identification numbers so that you can read them.

  • Page 98: Drive Belt Adjustment, Torque Stop

    General Maintenance Drive Belt Deflection Measure belt deflection with both clutches at rest and in their full neutral position. Place a straight edge on the belt (A) and apply downward pressure while measuring at point B. This measurement should be 1 1/4” (3.2 cm). Drive Belt Adjustment TEAM Clutch 1.

  • Page 99: Tool Kit, Fall Tune-up

    Always keep the tool kit with the snowmobile. 1. Emergency Start Strap 2. L-Wrench 3. Spark Plug Wrench/Screwdriver 4. Scissor Stop Wrench 5. Combination Wrench 6. Open End Wrench Fall Tune-Up For maximum performance, arrange for a fall service tune-up with your Polaris dealer.

  • Page 100: Track Inspection, Track Lubrication

    Track Maintenance Track Inspection WARNING Broken track rods are a serious safety hazard. They can cause a rotating track to come off the machine, which could cause serious injury or death. Never operate with a damaged track. Never rotate a damaged track under power. 1.

  • Page 101: Track Tension

    MAINTENANCE Track Maintenance WARNING Moving parts can cut and crush body parts. When performing the checks and adjustments recommended on the following pages, stay clear of all moving parts. Never perform track measurement or adjustments with the engine running. Track Tension Track adjustment is critical for proper handling.

  • Page 102: Track Tension Data

    Track Maintenance Track Tension f the track needs adjustment: 5. Loosen the rear idler shaft bolt (D). 6. Loosen the locknuts (A). 7. Tighten or loosen the track adjusting screws (B) as necessary to provide equal adjustment on both sides of the track. 8.

  • Page 103: Track Alignment

    MAINTENANCE Track Maintenance Track Alignment Periodically check that the track is centered and running evenly on the slide rails. Misalignment will cause excessive wear to the track and slide rail. 1. Safely support the rear of the machine with the track off the ground.

  • Page 104: Steering System, Steering Inspection And Adjustment

    MAINTENANCE Steering System Steering Inspection and Adjustment Each week, or before a long ride, check all steering system fasteners and tighten if necessary.

  • Page 105: Ski Alignment

    Do not attempt to change the ski alignment or camber adjustment. See your Polaris dealer. With the handlebars in a straight ahead position, and with vehicle weight compressing the suspension, measure from the straight edge of the skis at the center of the ski mounting bolt.

  • Page 106: Ski Skags, Skag Replacement

    Steering System Ski Skags WARNING Worn skis and/or skags will adversely affect handling. Loss of vehicle control may result, causing serious injury or death. See your dealer’s studding chart for recommended skags. If you install longer or more aggressive carbide skags than the original equipment, it may also be necessary to add track studs to maintain proper vehicle control while turning on hard-packed snow or ice.

  • Page 107: Rail Slide, Suspension Maintenance, Pre-ride Suspension Inspection

    MAINTENANCE Steering System Rail Slide Measure slide thickness at several points along the rail. Have your dealer replace the slide when it’s worn down to the top of the wear groove ( ). Do not operate the snowmobile if slide thickness measures less than 7/16″...

  • Page 108: Cleaning And Preservation, Controls And Linkage

    Extended Storage Off-season or extended storage of your snowmobile requires preventive measures to aid against deterioration and to prolong the useful life of many components. See page 108 for the part numbers of Polaris products. Cleaning and Preservation Proper storage starts with cleaning, washing, and waxing the hood, chassis, and plastic parts.

  • Page 109: Clutch And Drive System, Engine Protection

    MAINTENANCE Extended Storage Bearings Grease the jackshaft and drive shaft clutch side bearings with Polaris Premium All-Season Grease or a similar high quality grease to prevent corrosion. Clutch and Drive System Remove the drive belt and store in a cool dry location. Do not lubricate clutch components, except the driven clutch shaft bushing as outlined in the Master Repair Manual.

  • Page 110: Electrical Connections, Transporting The Snowmobile

    MAINTENANCE Extended Storage Electrical Connections Replace worn or frayed electrical wire and connectors. Be sure wiring harness is properly secured away from sharp edges, steering linkage, moving parts, and hot exhaust parts. Track and Suspension Moderate track tension should be maintained during summer storage.

  • Page 111: Polaris Products

    POLARIS PRODUCTS Part No. Description Engine Lubricants 2870791 Fogging Oil (12 oz. Aerosol) 2871098 Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.) 2871097 Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.) 2871240 Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.) 2871721 Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.) 2871722 Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.)

  • Page 112: Troubleshooting

    Engine Troubleshooting CAUTION: Unless you have experience and training in two-cycle engine repair, see your dealer if technical problems arise. Problem Probable Cause Solution Erratic engine Drive clutch binding operating RPM during RPM during Driven clutch acceleration malfunction or load varia- tions Harsh drive Drive belt worn or...

  • Page 113

    TROUBLESHOOTING Engine Troubleshooting Problem Probable Cause Solution Noise in drive Broken drive clutch system components Bearing failure/ chaincase, jackshaft, or front drive shaft Drive belt surface flat spots Drive chain loose Drive chain worn, sprocket teeth broken Poor low RPM Worn drive belt performance Excessive belt/sheave...

  • Page 114

    Engine Troubleshooting Problem Probable Cause Solution Engine turns Faulty ignition but fails to start No fuel to engine Poor engine compression Engine lacks Fouled or defective power power spark plug Fuel filter (loss of high RPM power) Incorrect clutching Engine Faulty plug(s) continually Fuel System...

  • Page 115: Suspension Troubleshooting

    TROUBLESHOOTING Suspension Troubleshooting Problem Solution (perform only one change at a time) Rear suspension - Verify sag dimension (see page 42). bottoms too easily Adjust torsion spring blocks or install optional torsion springs to achieve correct sag dimensions. - Increase shock compression damping (see page 44). Rear suspension - Check for binding suspension components and grease all rides too stiff...

  • Page 116: Drive Belt Troubleshooting

    Drive Belt Troubleshooting Causes Driving at low RPM Insufficient warm-up Towing at low RPM Riding with high RPM and slow speed (8000 RPM/10 MPH) Ice and snow build-up between track and tunnel Poor engine performance Loading machines onto trailers Clutch malfunction Slow, easy clutch en- gagement TROUBLESHOOTING...

  • Page 117: Warranty, Service And Warranty Information

    2. Polaris warranty will provide all dealerships with a monthly updated list of all stolen units to further monitor thefts. 3. Polaris warranty will aid in notifying the proper owner when a unit is recovered. 5. Details of trouble experienced 6.

  • Page 118: Limited Warranty

    WARRANTY Limited Warranty Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, provides a ONE YEAR LIM- ITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris snowmobile against defects in material or workmanship. This warranty covers the parts and labor charges for repair or replacement of defective parts that are covered by this warranty.

  • Page 119: Engine Oil

    How to Obtain Warranty Service If your snowmobile requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer autho- rized to repair Polaris snowmobiles. When requesting warranty service you must present your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (The cost of transportation to and from the dealer is YOUR responsibility).

  • Page 120

    In order to qualify for warranty, the product must have been properly set up and tested by a Polaris Dealer (if applicable). Failure of any dealer to perform the required vehicle Pre- Delivery Inspection, perform all applicable service bulletins and have the consumer sign the PDI form prior to delivery may void the warranty.

  • Page 121

    S Failures caused due to improper adjustments. Failure due to unauthorized service. S Failures due to lack of service as required in the owner’s manual or Polaris updates. This includes off-season storage as listed in the owner’s manual. S Failure due to use of unauthorized parts or modifications.

  • Page 122

    If Purchased From A Private Party: If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.

  • Page 123: Maintenance Log

    MAINTENANCE LOG Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your snowmobile is serviced. This will provide you and future owners with an accurate log of maintenance and services performed on the snowmobile. DATE MILES (KM) 150 mi. (240 km) 500 mi.

  • Page 124


  • Page 125: Index

    INDEX Accessories ....Adjustable Headlights ... . Avalanches ....Bearings .

  • Page 126: Table Of Contents

    ....Passenger PERC ......POLARIS PRODUCTS Pre-Ride Checklist PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS ..

  • Page 127: Table Of Contents

    INDEX Starting, Emergency ... . . Steering Adjustment ... . Steering Inspection ... . . Steering System .

This manual also for:

600 rmk 2006, 600 switchback 2006

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