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Hitachi VK-S454R Service Manual

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SM8303
VK-S454R
VK-S454ER
SERVICE MANUAL
SPECIFICATIONS AND PARTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE FOR IMPROVEMENT
COLOR VIDEO CAMERA
August 2003
Digital Media Division

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  Summary of Contents for Hitachi VK-S454R

  • Page 1 SM8303 VK-S454R VK-S454ER SERVICE MANUAL SPECIFICATIONS AND PARTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE FOR IMPROVEMENT COLOR VIDEO CAMERA August 2003 Digital Media Division...
  • Page 2: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents 6-5 Adjustment (Camera Adjustment) ..... 6-8 1 Safety Precaution for Repair ..... 1-1 6-5-1 Auto iris control adjustment ....6-9 1-1 Cautions ........... 1-1 6-5-2 White balance adjustment ..... 6-9 1-2 lectrostatic Protection Measures ....1-1 6-5-3 Chroma gain adjustment ....... 6-10 1-3 Lead-Free Solder ........
  • Page 3: Safety Precaution For Repair

    The use of a substitute replacement component which does not have the same safety characteristics as the HITACHI recommended replacement one, shown in the parts list in this Service Manual, may create shock, fire, or other hazards. Product safety is continuously under review and new instructions are issued from time to time.
  • Page 4: Lead-Free Solder

    Safety Precaution for Repair > Lead-Free Solder 1-3 Lead-Free Solder The printed circuit board that uses lead-free solder is adopted. To protect the global environment, use the recommended lead-free solder also during servicing. Read and observe the following before soldering: Caution ALWAYS wear protective goggles during soldering so that no solder smoke or scattered solder enters the eye.
  • Page 5: Notes When Using Service Manual

    Safety Precaution for Repair > Lead-Free Solder / Notes When Using Service Manual (5) Cautions when using lead based solder It is recommended that you use lead-free solder when servicing, but it is also possible to service using lead based solder. However, if lead based solder is used for servicing, take care with the following: 1) Before using lead based solder, remove the lead-free solder completely from the point to be soldered.
  • Page 6 Safety Precaution for Repair > Notes When Using Service Manual (3) Identifications of sides A/B in circuit board diagrams 1) Board with a pattern on one side and parts on both sides: Side A: Shows discrete parts, viewed from the pattern side. Side B: Shows leadless parts, viewed from the pattern side.
  • Page 7: General Description

    General Description 2-1 Overview VK-S454R/S454ER is a color chassis video camera: All these models incorporate an optical 23-power compact zoom lens. The signal process circuit is equipped with a digital signal processor (D.S.P.6) that is the same as that of VK-S454/S454E.
  • Page 8: Features

    General Description > Features 2-2 Features Progressive Scan CCD Image Sensor The VK-S454R/S454ER has a high-performance 1/4-inch progressive scan CCD. Wide Dynamic Range A wide dynamic range is achieved by the progressive synthesis function, which records an image at a shutter speed suitable for brighter object and another image at a shutter speed suitable for darker object, then and synthesizes the two images, thereby reproducing a clear picture.
  • Page 9: Specifications

    VK-S454R: 59.94 Hz VK-S454ER: 50 Hz Image Sensor 1/4-inch CCD Total Pixels VK-S454R: 758 (H) × 504 (V), 380k VK-S454ER: 758 (H) × 592 (V), 450k Effective Pixels VK-S454R: 724 (H) × 494 (V), 360k VK-S454ER: 724 (H) × 582 (V), 420k...
  • Page 10 General Description > Specifications Item VK-S454R/S454ER Camera Functions Iris Auto* (Control through Privacy Zone Masking Off/On* (2 zone 2-D/8 zone 3-D) RS-232C) Scene Memory (Freeze) Communication Speed of Selective RS-232C (4.8k*/9.6k/19.2k/38.4/57.6k bps) Position Preset No-Trace preset/Trace preset (Memory: max. 111 position)
  • Page 11: Comparison From Previous Models

    2-4 Comparison from Previous Models : Same as on left Item VK-S454R/S454ER VK-S454/S454E Image Sensor 1/4-inch CCD Total Pixels VK-S454R: 758 (H) × 504 (V), VK-S454: 380k VK-S454ER: 758 (H) × 592 (V), VK-S454E: 450k Effective Pixels VK-S454R: 724 (H) × 494 (V),...
  • Page 12: Comparison Of Main Control Ics

    General Description > Comparison of Main Control ICs 2-5 Comparison of Main Control ICs : Same as on left Item VK-S454R/S454ER VK-S454/S454E Image Sensor VK-S454R: ICX216AN (IC1001) VK-S454: VK-S454ER: ICX217AN (IC1001) VK-S454E: Sensor Drive µPD16510GR (IC1002) Buf. HD74AC244 (IC1003) CDS AGC & A/D Conv.
  • Page 13: List Of Abbreviations And Terms For Surveillance System

    General Description > List of Abbreviations and Terms for Surveillance System 2-6 List of Abbreviations and Terms for Surveillance System Abbreviation/ Index Explanation Term ANSI American National Standard Institute: This organization establishes industrial product specifications for US. AT Attachment interface: Formal standard of IDE standardized by ANSI. ATA card A kind of PC card.
  • Page 14 General Description > List of Abbreviations and Terms for Surveillance System Abbreviation/ Index Explanation Term MPEG Moving Picture Experts Group: Standard related to compression of video (movie) and audio. There are four types of MPEG - MPEG1, MPEG2, MPEG4 and MPEG 7 - depending on the compression method and image quality.
  • Page 15 Explanation Term Wide Dynamic Range: The Hitachi wide dynamic range technique lets a video camera with progressive scan CCD record an image at a shutter speed suitable for brighter object and another image at a shutter speed suitable for darker object. It then synthesizes the two images, thereby reproducing a clear picture.
  • Page 16: Description Of Operation

    Description of Operation 3-1 Structure Schematics 4 - M2 SCREWS for TRIPOD PLATE (These screws are limit of height keep as being less than 2 mm for "A") 50mm 89.5mm 4 - M2 SCREWS 12.5mm 29mm 77mm M2 SCREW 25mm 7.3mm 61.4mm 2 - M2 SCREWS...
  • Page 17: Microprocessor Pin Function Tables

    Description of Operation > Microprocessor Pin Function Table 3-2 Microprocessor Pin Function Table 3-2-1 Camera microprocessor (IC1201: Camera µP) Active Abbreviation Function Level LD-DSP (Pulse) Activates data communication with IC1121 (CAMERA DSP). 4800ST ----- ----- Not used. Open. ----- ----- ----- GYRO-RST -----...
  • Page 18 Description of Operation > Microprocessor Pin Function Table Active Abbreviation Function Level RD-PWMA ----- Not used. Open. (Pulse) Receives the vertical sync pulses that detect the iris detection area, from IC1121 (CAMERA DSP). FCUS-SEN (Pulse) Focus motor position detection input. ----- ----- -----...
  • Page 19 Description of Operation > Microprocessor Pin Function Table Active Abbreviation Function Level (Pulse) Receives pulses which discriminate the iris detection area. ----- ----- ----- Not used. Open. ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- (Pulse) For data communications with IC1121 (CAMERA DSP), IC1202 (ADJ (Pulse) EEPROM), IC1250 (RESET EEPROM).
  • Page 20: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting 4-1 Trouble Diagnosis 4-1-1 Setting to service position Remove chassis R and chassis L, referring to “5. Disassembly and Reassembly”, and connect the camera as shown in Fig. 4-1-1. Note: To prevent short-circuit, always perform trouble diagnosis of camera on insulated mat. PC CIRCUIT BOARD SP CIRCUIT...
  • Page 21: Trouble Diagnosis Flowchart

    Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis 4-1-2 Trouble diagnosis flowchart (1) No video (luminance) signal The test lands and components of circuit no. 1000-1099 are on the SP circuit board. The test lands and components of circuit no. 1100-1499 are TL1530: 5V Refer to "(3) No power"...
  • Page 22 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis IC1001-2 (TL1063), PG1001-7 (TL1007), IC1121 faulty or connect TL1065, TL1066: TL1010, TL1012, the connections of circuit Pulses TL1014: Pulses boards. [Continued from preceding page] IC1002 faulty. IC1003-11, 13, 15 (TL1073 to 1075): IC1121 faulty. Pulses IC1001-12, 13, IC1003 faulty.
  • Page 23 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis The test lands and components of circuit no. 1000-1099 are (3) No power on the SP circuit board. The test lands and components of circuit no. 1100-1499 are on the PC circuit board. The test lands and components of circuit no. 1500 and higher are on the CSR circuit board.
  • Page 24 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis (4) No zoom and focus operation The test lands and components of circuit no. 1000-1099 are on the SP circuit board. IC1380-10 The test lands and components of circuit no. 1100-1499 are L1301 faulty on the PC circuit board. (TL1301): 7.2V The test lands and components of circuit no.
  • Page 25 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis [Continued from preceding page] C h e c k t h e 7 . 2 V ( V M ) I C 1 3 0 2 - 1 0 , 1 5 : 7 . 2 V l i n e .
  • Page 26 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis (6) No focus lens operation The test lands and components of circuit no. 1000-1099 are on the SP circuit board. The test lands and components of circuit no. 1100-1499 are Does zoom See "(4)No zoom and on the PC circuit board.
  • Page 27 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis ( 7 ) N o z o o m o p e r a t i o n The test lands and components of circuit no. 1000-1099 are on the SP circuit board. Does focus operate See "(4) No zoom and The test lands and components of circuit no.
  • Page 28 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis (8) No auto focus operation Does zoom See "(4) No zoom and operate focus operation." normally? The test lands and components of circuit no. 1000-1099 are on the SP circuit board. Connect an The test lands and components of circuit no. 1100-1499 are on the PC circuit board. oscilloscope The test lands and components of circuit no.
  • Page 29 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis PG1301-19 to 22 Lens unit faulty. (TL1347 to 1350): Pulses IC1302-2,4,24: 3V Check the 3V line Check the 7.2V (VM) IC1302-10,15: 7.2V line IC1201-9 I C 1 2 0 1 f a u l t y . (TL1312): Pulse I C 1 2 0 1 f a u l t y .
  • Page 30 Troubleshooting > Trouble Diagnosis ( 9 ) N o I R c o n t ro l o p e r a t i o n The test lands and components of circuit no. 1000-1099 are on the SP circuit board. IC1380-10 L1301 faulty.
  • Page 31: Disassembly And Reassembly

    Chassis R reverse order to removal unless otherwise specified. 1) and 2) Chassis L Note: When replacing components in the VK-S454R/S454ER, be sure to 3) to 5) PC Circuit Board use only those shown in "Replacement Parts List". 6) and 7)
  • Page 32 Disassembly and Reassembly > Disassembly PC Circuit Board (Fig. 5-2-2) 3) Disconnect two flat cables from the PC circuit board. 4) Remove one screw [B]. 5) Remove the PC circuit board in the direction of the arrow. CSR Circuit Board (Fig. 5-2-2) 6) Remove one screw [B].
  • Page 33: Adjustment

    Adjustment 6-1 Preparations for Adjustment All adjustments are performed using the adjustment program (ZMAP: Zoom camera Manual Adjustment Program) and personal computer (PC). If error message appears during adjustment, refer to "6-9 Error Messages and Countermeasure". 6-1-1 List of equipment and jigs DSP Interface Connect DSP-R Jig C12 Light Balancing...
  • Page 34: Connections For Adjustment

    Adjustment > Preparations for Adjustment 6-1-3 Connections for adjustment Connect the video camera to the test equipment and jigs as shown in Fig. 6-1-1 LIGHT VIDEO CAMERA VECTORSCOPE 9PIN FLAT CABLE (ACCESSORY) PG1601 INPUT OUTPUT OSCILLOSCOPE DSP INTERFACE CONNECT JIG CH1 CH2 VIDEO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9...
  • Page 35: Setting Test Equipment

    Adjustment > Preparations for Adjustment 6-1-4 Setting test equipment (1) Oscilloscope The names of switches, knobs, modes, etc. of oscilloscope may vary slightly depending on the manufacturer or model. Since some oscilloscopes may have switches, etc. other than the above that must be set, see the instruction manual of the particular oscilloscope for details.
  • Page 36 Adjustment > Preparations for Adjustment 7) The ZMAP will start: Make sure that the model select (Continued from preceding page) screen appears on the PC display. (See the model select Model select screen screen) *********************************************************** If the model select screen does not appear, make sure of MODEL SELECT *********************************************************** the following:...
  • Page 37: List Of Adjustment Items

    Adjustment > List of Adjustment Items 6-2 List of Adjustment Items 6-2-1 List of adjustments needed after replacing major The following table shows the adjustment items, their purposes, and whether or not check is required after replacing major components. The components shown in the table below are the minimum to be checked after replacing major components: If several components have been replaced - or depending on the cause of a defect more components may need to be checked.
  • Page 38: Adjustment Flowchart

    Adjustment > List of Adjustment Items 6-2-2 Adjustment flowchart Main menu *********************************************************** MANUAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAM *********************************************************** DATA INITIALIZE ELECTRIC VOLUME ADJUSTMENT AUTO FOCUS SPOT NOISE IR CONTROL [ESC] END Please select [A] - [F] or [ESC] Input: A Input: B Input: C Data initialize Electrical volume...
  • Page 39: Data Initialize

    Adjustment > Data Initialize / Electronic Volume 6-3 Data Initialize Restriction: 1) This procedure initializes the adjustment data in EEPROM (including the adjustment data). Any time you replace the EEPROM, be sure to perform this procedure. Generally, this procedure is not necessary after replacing other components. 2) After completing this adjustment, be sure to perform all adjustment items as follows.
  • Page 40: Cds Sampling Pulse Adjustment

    Adjustment > Electronic Volume / Adjustment (Camera Adjustment) 6-4-1 CDS sampling pulse adjustment Electronic volume menu *********************************************************** Incompleted Phenomenon ELECTRIC VOLUME Diagonal beats and horizontal noise occur. *********************************************************** CDS SAMPLING PULSE Condition: [ESC] RETURN TO MAIN MENU Please select [1] or [ESC] Leave the video camera for more than 2 minutes until the Input 1.
  • Page 41: Auto Iris Control Adjustment

    Adjustment > Adjustment (Camera Adjustment) 6-5-1 Auto iris control adjustment Adjustment menu Incompleted Phenomenon *********************************************************** 1) The picture becomes too bright. ADJUSTMENT *********************************************************** 2) The picture becomes too dark. AUTO IRIS CONTROL WHITE BALANCE Condition CHROMA GAIN [ESC] RETURN TO MAIN MENU Set point at the light box, without chart inserted, to fill the Please select [1] - [3] or [ESC] screen.
  • Page 42: Chroma Gain Adjustment

    5) Press any key to restore the adjustment menu screen. BURST BURST 220% ± 5% 220% ± 5% 620mV ± 20mVp-p 100% 100% Fig. 6-5-1 For VK-S454R Fig. 6-5-2 For VK-S454ER Fig. 6-5-3 6 - 10...
  • Page 43: Auto Focus

    Adjustment > Auto Focus 6-6 Auto Focus Main menu *********************************************************** Input D to PC on the main menu screen to display the AF MANUAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAM *********************************************************** menu screen. Input the appropriate adjustment number to DATA INITIALIZE ELECTRIC VOLUME PC. Pressing the Esc key on the AF menu screen will restore ADJUSTMENT AUTO FOCUS the main menu screen.
  • Page 44: Af Noise Level Adjustment

    Adjustment > Auto Focus 6-6-2 AF noise level adjustment AF menu Incompleted Phenomenon *********************************************************** AUTO FOCUS ADJUSTMENT 1) It takes time until a subject is brought into focus. *********************************************************** ADJUSTMENT OF ZOOM/FOCUS TRACKING 2) Correct focus is not obtained. ADJUSTMENT OF AF NOISE LEVEL CHECK OF ZOOM/FOCUS TRACE Condition [ESC] RETURN TO MENU...
  • Page 45: Spot Noise

    Adjustment > Spot Noise 6-7 Spot Noise Spot noise refers to bright points that appear on the screen, Main menu *********************************************************** which are caused by a defect in pixel of image sensor. MANUAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAM *********************************************************** DATA INITIALIZE ELECTRIC VOLUME Note: ADJUSTMENT 1) Perform this adjustment after specified components have...
  • Page 46: Ir Control

    Adjustment > IR Control 6-8 IR Control Condition Main menu *********************************************************** Cap the lens (so that no light enters). MANUAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAM *********************************************************** Procedure DATA INITIALIZE ELECTRIC VOLUME 1) Input F to PC on the main menu screen. ADJUSTMENT 2) Follow the instructions on PC display thereafter. AUTO FOCUS SPOT NOISE 3) The IR control data write complete screen will appear:...
  • Page 47: Error Messages And Countermeasure

    Adjustment > Error Messages and Countermeasure 6-9 Error Messages and Countermeasure A message may appear while you are adjusting the video camera. If a message appears, refer to the following table and take appropriate corrective action. (1) When adjusting the electric volume and adjustment Error Messages Countermeasure CAN'T ADJUST WHITE BALANCE...
  • Page 48 Adjustment > Error Messages and Countermeasure Error Messages Countermeasure TOO BRIGHT 1) The subject is too bright. PRESS ANY KEY 2) Move the camera further away from the light box. TOO DARK 1) The subject is too dark. PRESS ANY KEY 2) Check the light box.
  • Page 49 Adjustment > Error Messages and Countermeasure (4) When adjusting the IR Control Error Messages Countermeasure IR ERROR 1) If this error message appears even when the adjustment is performed 2 or 3 times, the IR control circuit system is defective. 2) Refer to “(9) No IR control operation”...
  • Page 50: Exploded View And Parts List

    Exploded View and Parts List 7-1 Exploded View PC CIRCUIT BOARD [Component Replacement or Circuit Board AssemblyReplacement (Order Format)] SP CIRCUIT BOARD [Component Replacement] CSR CIRCUIT BOARD [Component Replacement] *1: Since IC1121 mounted on the PC circuit board is CSP type, replacement is not possible: Replace the whole PC circuit board when IC1121 becomes faulty.
  • Page 51 THE UPDATED PARTS LIST FOR THIS MODEL IS AVAILABLE ON ESTA...
  • Page 52: Schematic, Circuit Board And Block Diagrams

    Schematic, Circuit Board and Block Diagrams 1 Wiring Diagram LENS UNIT PG1250 PG1380 PG1301 TEST PLUG PG1241 LENS UNIT PG1001 PG1002 PG1601 OUTPUT PG1501 - 1 - - 1 -...
  • Page 53: Schematic Diagrams

    2 Schematic Diagrams 2-1 SP Schematic Diagram -6.5 -6.5 IC1001 VK-S454R:ICX216AN VK-S454ER:ICX217AN IMAGE SENSOR 15.1 -6.5 11.4 10.8 -6.5 -6.5 -6.5 BUF. CODE PART NAME 2SC2620-QC 2SC2462 1SS353 VOLTAGE: REC MODE PG1241 PG1501 - 2 -...
  • Page 54 2-2 PC Schematic Diagram (For Display) (For Display) CLOCK GEN. INV. (For Printing) W986432DH-7 -0.4 CDS/AGC & A/D CONV CAMERA DSP PG1001 BLM11B750SPT BLM11B750SPT CODE PART NAME 2SB1462 2SC2412K 2SC2411K TC7SHU04FU 2SC2462LD UMH9N KV1470 IR MOTOR DRIVE FOCUS MOTOR DRIVE ZOOM MOTOR DRIVE DA221 MA132WA...
  • Page 55 2-2-1 PC Schematic Diagram (For Printing) - 4 -...
  • Page 56 2-2-2 PC Schematic Diagram (For Printing) - 5 -...
  • Page 57 2-3 CSR Schematic Diagram OUTPUT VCO/PHASE COMPA. IC1602 SN74AHCT125PW Y/C MIX. & LEVEL SHIFT VIDEO AMP FV PULSE GEN. C1617 VK-S454R:22P VK-S454ER:12P IC1502 QP20WZ51 7.2V REG 7.2V CODE PART NAME 2SB1424 2SB1462 2SC4081 2SC2620-QC DTA143EE DTC144EE DTC114YE XP4401 1SS353 SB07-03C...
  • Page 58: Circuit Board Diagram

    3 Circuit Board Diagrams 3-1 PC Circuit Board Diagram TL1386 TL1383 TL1385 TL1384 TL1349 TL1348 TL1381 TL1388 TL1344 TL1347 TL1331 TL1333 TL1350 TL1346 TL1334 TL1332 TL1336 TL1154 TL1345 TL1335 TL1311 TL1312 TL1301 PC -SIDE B- PC -SIDE A- [PATTERN No.JA2185-2] [PATTERN No.JA2185-2] - 7 -...
  • Page 59: Sp Circuit Board Diagram

    3-2 SP Circuit Board Diagram IC1001 TL1063 TL1007 TL1012 TL1010 TL1073 TL1002 TL1014 TL1074 TL1066 TL1075 TL1065 SP -SIDE A- SP -SIDE B- [PATTERN No.JA2185-2] [PATTERN No.JA2185-2] 3-3 CSR Circuit Board Diagram TL1609 TL1525 TL1528 TL1533 TL1534 TL1535 TL1510 TL1531 TL1532 TL1530 CSR -SIDE A-...
  • Page 60: Identification Parts Location

    3-4 Identification of Parts Location Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Symbol Parts Location Location Location Location Location Location Location Location Location Location Location C1173 A-3B IC1101 B-1D R1174...
  • Page 61: Block Diagrams

    IC1001 PG1001 PG1241 CDS/AGC & A/D CONV IMAGE Q1001 (1/2) (1/2) SENSOR BUF. Y/CHROMA 2-11 5-14 DIGITAL AUTO PROCESS VK-S454R 3.58MHz BPF FOCUS IC1601 PG1241 PG1001 12-14 DET. Y/C MIX & VK-S454ER 4.43MHz BPF (2/2) (2/2) VIDEO AMP V1,V2 H1,H2,...
  • Page 62: Power Block Diagram

    IC1380 4-2 Power Block Diagram 10,15 MOTOR 2,4,24 DRIVE IC1502 IC1301 PG1501 PG1002 PG1001 PG1241 PG1601 CP1601 VM(7.2V) VM(7.2V) VM(7.2V) F1601 L1301 12,14 12,14 26,28 26,28 7.2V 10,15 ZOOM D1601 MOTOR 2,4,24 DRIVE L1501 IC1302 10,15 FOCUS MOTOR 2,4,24 Q1501 DRIVE IC1501 L1503...
  • Page 63 Fax: +46 (0) 8 562 711 13 Email: csgswe@hitachi-eu.com Tel: +39 02 38073415 Servizio Clienti Fax: +39 02 48786381/2 Email: customerservice.italy@hitachi-eu.com HITACHI EUROPE S.A.S HITACHI EUROPE LTD (Norway) AB Lyon Office STRANDVEIEN 18 B.P. 45, 69671 BRON CEDEX 1366 Lysaker FRANCE...

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