Motorola BLE100 Installation And Operation Manual

1ghz broadband line extender.
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Installation and
Operation Manual
BLE100
1GHz Broadband Line Extender
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   Summary of Contents for Motorola BLE100

  • Page 1

    Installation and Operation Manual BLE100 1GHz Broadband Line Extender...

  • Page 2

    Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his/her own expense. Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by Motorola could void the user’s authority to operate this equipment under the rules and regulations of the FCC.

  • Page 3

    Motorola, Inc. Motorola reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes in content from time to time without obligation on the part of Motorola to provide notification of such revision or change. Motorola provides this guide without warranty of any kind, either implied or expressed, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Before You Begin ... 3-2 STARLINE Cable Equalizers ... 3-3 Example 1... 3-3 Example 2... 3-3 STARLINE Cable Simulators... 3-6 Input and Midstage Pads... 3-7 Flatness Control ... 3-7 Directional Coupler Test Points... 3-8 Bode Equalization ... 3-8 BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual...

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Section 6 Operating Tips Using Amplifiers in Lower Frequency Systems ...6-1 Using Amplifiers in Lower Gain Systems ...6-1 Appendix A Specifications Model BLE100S... A-1 AC Current... A-2 Return Amplifier... A-2 ADU Automatic Drive Unit ... A-2 BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual...

  • Page 6: Table Of Contents

    Figures Figure 1-1 BLE100 – closed ... 1-1 Figure 1-2 BLE100 – open ... 1-2 Figure 2-1 BLE100 base with electronics module ... 2-1 Figure 2-2 BLE100 ordering matrix ... 2-2 Figure 2-3 BLE-HSG/15 housing and dimensions ... 2-3 Figure 2-4 Housing gaskets ... 2-4 Figure 2-5 Housing ports...

  • Page 7: Figure 1-1 Ble100 – Closed

    Introduction The Motorola 1 GHz STARLINE input and provide 34 dB of operational gain to a single output. The BLE100 series of line extenders meets Telcordia GR-1098 core voltage surge requirements using surge waveforms as described in IEEE C62.41. The BLE100 is also FCC, CE, and CCC approved.

  • Page 8: Figure 1-2 Ble100 – Open

    Introduction Figure 1-2 illustrates an open BLE100. Figure 1-2 BLE100 – open -20dB ALIGN DOTS SFE-100-XX JXP IN -20dB BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual +24V DC TEST POINT RCB100 JXP MID CHECK VOLTAGE SELECTOR REFER TO MANUAL BODE TEST POINT...

  • Page 9: Using This Manual, Related Documentation, Document Conventions

    This installation manual is complete and you should not require any additional documentation to install, test, or operate the BLE100 line extender. Document Conventions Before you begin to use the BLE100, familiarize yourself with the stylistic conventions used in this manual: Bold type...

  • Page 10: If You Need Help

    Outside the U.S.: 215-323-0044 Motorola Online: http://businessonline.motorola.com The TRC is on call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In addition, Motorola Online offers a searchable solutions database, technical documentation, and low-priority issue creation and tracking. Technical Response Center...

  • Page 11: Calling For Repairs

    Calling for Repairs If repair is necessary, call the Motorola Repair Facility at 1-800-227-0450 for a Return for Service Authorization (RSA) number before sending the unit. The RSA number must be prominently displayed on all equipment cartons. The Repair Facility is open from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Central Time, Monday through Friday.

  • Page 12: Figure 2-1 Ble100 Base With Electronics Module

    The BLE100 is a two-way capable line extender used in CATV distribution systems. The BLE100 is powered by the 60/90 VAC cable supply and can be configured to pass this power to additional line extenders. Installation of the return path enables two-way signal flow.

  • Page 13: Ordering Matrix, Figure 2-2 Ble100 Ordering Matrix

    Overview Ordering Matrix Several models of the BLE100 are available. The BLE100 is fully configured in the Motorola factory per customer request. You can find the model name on labels on the outside of the shipping carton, the side of the BLE100 housing, and the side of the electronics module.

  • Page 14: Housing, Figure 2-3 Ble-hsg/15 Housing And Dimensions

    JLX series of line extenders. However, you can upgrade the 10A BLE and the JLX series of line extenders to the 15A BLE100 using the existing housing. To upgrade from 10A to 15A, use the BLE-15A platform assembly kit (P/N 951941-006-00). The BLE-15A kit contains 15A platform assemblies.

  • Page 15: Gaskets, Figure 2-4 Housing Gaskets

    RF shielding, and weather protection. Both gaskets must be in place and in good condition to ensure proper operation and protection of the station. The weather gasket should be lightly coated with silicone grease each time the BLE100 is opened. Replace this gasket if it becomes damaged or deformed.

  • Page 16: Port Locations, Figure 2-5 Housing Ports

    Discard the plastic cap plugs when you install the cable connectors. Figure 2-5 illustrates the housing port locations. Figure 2-5 Housing ports Test ports Port 1 Overview Messenger clamp bolts BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual Test ports Port 2...

  • Page 17: Power Supply, Figure 2-6 Ble100 Power Supply

    Overview Power Supply The BLE100 power supply is a separate circuit board mounted to the underside of the amplifier module and is capable of 60 VAC or 90 VAC powering. The power supply provides a regulated 24 VDC output over an AC input between 38 Vrms and 90 Vrms with a line frequency from 50 Hz through 60 Hz.

  • Page 18: Forward Path, Return Path, Figure 2-7 Ble100 Block Diagram

    Forward Path The operational gain of the BLE100 amplifiers is 34 dB with 16 dB of return loss. The operating gain includes provisions for the insertion loss of the input cable equalizer and required reserve gain to operate the Bode equalizer in the middle of its range. The low-noise figure, pre-amplifier stage, is a 1 GHz hybrid followed by a power-doubled output stage.

  • Page 19: Ingress Control Switch, Options And Accessories, Table 2-1 Ble100 Options And Accessories

    Options and Accessories The factory ships the BLE100 as a fully functional unit, but you must configure it appropriately for the field-location requirements. You must install the correct forward equalizer or broadband cable simulator and input pad to place the unit into service.

  • Page 20

    JXP-RPC Return Path Correction board ICS-II Ingress Control Switch Figure 2-8 illustrates the location of options and accessories in the BLE100. Overview Function This 1 GHz equalizer compensates for cable properties in 1 dB increments from 0 dB through 22 dB. The appropriate value must be installed.

  • Page 21: Figure 2-8 Ble100 Options And Accessories

    2-10 Overview Figure 2-8 illustrates the location of options and accessories in the BLE100. Figure 2-8 BLE100 options and accessories Forward equalizer or Cable simulator (SFE- 100 - * or SCS- *) Input Drive control forward select jumper input (JXP IN)

  • Page 22: Proper Handling Procedures, Field Practice, Bench Setup

    Section 3 Amplifier Setup This section provides instructions on how to properly handle and configure the BLE100. It also describes the proper forward and return path alignment procedures. It is recommended that you read this entire section before you install the BLE100.

  • Page 23: Forward Path Alignment, Before You Begin

    RF output levels and tilts of all BLE100s in the forward or return path RF input level for the BLE100 being set up (from system design or as-built map) A carrier at the system’s highest frequency. It can be modulated or continuous wave (CW) and should be inserted in the headend at standard video levels.

  • Page 24: Starline Cable Equalizers, Example 1, Example 2

    Example 2 The BLE100 is used in a link following a fiber node with flat output. There is 18 dB of cable between the node and the line extender, plus passive losses that are assumed to be flat. Which...

  • Page 25

    Table 3-1 Starline Forward Equalizers – SFE-100-* Equalizer Equalizer Value Slope SFE-100-* 16.7 17.7 15.2 16.2 13.7 14.7 12.1 13.1 10.6 11.6 10.1 BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual Frequency (MHz) versus Insertion Loss (dB) 12.4 10.0 11.4 10.3 1003...

  • Page 26: Figure 3-1 Equalizer Slope Versus Cable

    Because of errors in cable attenuation, slope in passive devices, and other independent variables, you may need to change the final value of the equalizer before you install the BLE100. Slope versus Cable dB of Equalizer Slope BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual Amplifier Setup 1 GHz...

  • Page 27: Starline Cable Simulators

    550 MHz 750 MHz -1.0 -2.0 870 MHz -1.1 -2.2 1003 MHz -1.2 -2.5 -1.0 -1.0 50 MHz loss (typical) BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual Cable slope in dB -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.4 -0.5 -0.4 -0.5 -0.6 -0.8 -0.9 -0.7 -0.9...

  • Page 28: Input And Midstage Pads, Flatness Control, Figure 3-2 Frequency Versus Cable Slope

    C1 produces a peak that is centered just below the lowest forward frequency and varied in amplitude by R1. Frequency (MHz) ) to adjust the gain level and achieve the gain BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual Amplifier Setup SCS-1 SCS-2...

  • Page 29: Directional Coupler Test Points, Bode Equalization, Figure 3-3 Ldr/9/1g Component Layout (top-left, Bottom-right)

    Directional Coupler Test Points Accurate −20 dB directional-coupler test points are available at the input and at the output of the BLE100. Because these test points are 75-ohm source impedance, they do not require special test probes. After the output hybrid, a second directional coupler provides signal to the optional ADU board.

  • Page 30: Amplifier Level Control, Manual Gain Control

    ADU/QADU. For improved output level stability, use of the ADU/QADU is recommended. When necessary and appropriate, you can also use manual gain control. The BLE100 gain is then determined by the potentiometer marked...

  • Page 31

    It should be within 1 dB of the system design level. If it is not, you must adjust the mid-stage pad ( ) accordingly. Refer to Section 6, “Operating Tips,” for mid-stage JXP MID padding information and recommendations. BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual...

  • Page 32: Automatic Drive Unit/qam Automatic Drive Unit, Figure 3-4 Adu, Figure 3-5 Qadu

    Amplifier Setup AUTOMATIC DRIVE UNIT ADU/ _______________ Pilot frequency AUTOMATIC DRIVE UNIT QADU/ _______________ Pilot frequency position and perform the AUTO test point and tune the meter to the high FWD OUT BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual 3-11...

  • Page 33: Adu/qadu Pads And Levels, Return Path Alignment, Before You Begin

    +43 dBmV and a JXP-11B for output levels above +49 dBmV. The standard pad for the QADU is a JXP-0B. This pad value works for a BLE100 output level from +38 dBmV to +47 dBmV at 550 MHz. Use a JXP-7B when operating above +47 dBmV at 550 MHz.

  • Page 34: Alignment Procedure

    SRE-*-* equalizer. All components are plug-in and are easily installed. To align the return path: If the BLE100 is powered, remove all fuses before you perform the following steps. Install the design value pad in the return output pad location (...

  • Page 35: Powering And Surge Protection

    A 20-ampere, blade-type fuse is furnished in the amplifier module and provides overcurrent protection for AC power applied to the input. You can power the BLE100 from the output without passing power through to the input port. To block power from the input port, remove the power-block jumper illustrated in Figure 2-8.

  • Page 36: Before You Begin

    The following subsections provide instructions to bench align the BLE100. Before You Begin The BLE100 is shipped with a 20 ampere blade-type fuse in the output port for over current protection. CAUTION! To avoid applying 60/90 Vac to the test equipment during testing, remove the fuse illustrated in Figure 2-8.

  • Page 37: Test Equipment And Connections, Measuring Forward Gain, Figure 4-1 Test Equipment Connections For Bench Sweeping

    Bench Testing Test Equipment and Connections The equipment typically used for testing the BLE100 consists of a network analyzer such as the HP 8712 or 8713 series, a 60/90 Vac bench power supply, a cable simulator, a Motorola model SSP-PIN power combiner, and a variety of jumper cables, adapters, and fittings.

  • Page 38: Example:

    The result must meet advertised specifications for the unit. The operational gain of the BLE100 provides reduced gain capability. This enables the unit to operate in the proper region of the Bode board when it is controlled by the ADU/QADU or TDU drive units.

  • Page 39: Testing Return Gain And Response, Example:, Completing The Test Procedures

    Reconnect the test equipment and switch the sweep input and sweep output leads of the BLE100 under test to be opposite of the connection shown in Figure 4-1. Remove the power block at the input port and replace the 20 A fuse at the output port (both illustrated in Figure 2-8) before you apply power.

  • Page 40: Aerial Installation, Figure 5-1 Center-conductor Pin Length

    Although it is desirable to have a full complement of channels available for balancing, you can adjust the BLE100 adequately with a limited number of channels. You can install the BLE-HSG/15 on a messenger strand (aerial) or in a pedestal. The following subsections provide details on each application.

  • Page 41: Figure 5-2 Torque Sequence

    Close the housing and use a torque wrench to sequentially and progressively tighten the housing bolts to a final torque of 6 ft-lb in the sequence specified on the housing cover and illustrated in Figure 5-2. Figure 5-2 Torque sequence BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual...

  • Page 42: Pedestal Installation

    Remove the two 5/16-inch messenger clamps and bolts located on the long side of the housing. Locate the two 5/16-inch holes 4.0 inches center-to-center cast into the housing base. Use the two 5/16-inch bolts to install the BLE100 to the pre-drilled pedestal mounting plate and torque to 10 to 12 ft-lbs. Installation...

  • Page 43: Using Amplifiers In Lower Frequency Systems, Using Amplifiers In Lower Gain Systems

    This section describes using amplifiers in lower frequency systems and in lower gain systems. Using Amplifiers in Lower Frequency Systems When using the BLE100 in 870 MHz or 750 MHz systems, you must consider the best method for handling the reduced bandwidth and channel-loading requirement. The following information helps you determine the best approach.

  • Page 44: Model Ble100s

    Specifications are valid over the given passband and operating temperature range of −40°F to +140°F (−40°C to +60°C). Specifications stated are worst case unless otherwise noted, and are subject to change. Refer to the Motorola CHS web site or contact your account representative for the latest specifications.

  • Page 45: Ac Current, Return Amplifier, Adu Automatic Drive Unit

    Channels Crossmod Noise figure Power requirements ADU Automatic Drive Unit Parameter Pilot channel Adjacent channel frequency Minimum BLE100 output at pilot frequency ALC stiffness Power requirement BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual With RA-Kit 0.56 A 0.59 A 0.65 A 0.70 A...

  • Page 46

    Appendix B Torque Specifications Torque specifications are valid for all models of the BLE100. Fastener Screw Size Strand 5/16-18 clamp/pedestal mounting Housing/lid closure 1/4-20 Test point plugs 5/8-24 Seizure screw #8-32 Hybrid #6-32 Chassis (electronics #10-32 module) Chassis (electronics #6-32...

  • Page 47

    Ingress Control Switch Megahertz NTSC National Television Standards Committee QADU Quadriture Amplitude Modulated (QAM) Automatic Drive Unit root-mean-square Return for Service Authorization Surface Acoustic Wave SCS-* Starline Cable Simulator SFE-*-* Starline Forward Equalizer SRE-*-* Starline Return Equalizer BLE100 Installation and Operation Manual...

  • Page 48

    Visit our website at: www.motorola.com 527548-001 04/06...

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