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Garmin GPSMAP 196 User Manual

Garmin gpsmap 196: user guide.
Also See for GPSMAP 196:
Pilot's manual & reference - 124 pages
Quick start manual - 24 pages
Software manual - 4 pages
GPSMAP
196
®
portable aviation receiver
pilot's guide

   Related Manuals for Garmin GPSMAP 196

   Summary of Contents for Garmin GPSMAP 196

  • Page 1

    GPSMAP ® portable aviation receiver pilot’s guide...

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    All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive...

  • Page 3: Getting Started

    Aviation Mode, such as the E6B. The Basic Operation in Land Mode section provides you with information about navigating with the GPSMAP 196 in Land Mode. The Land Mode Pages section reviews in detail, the main pages and features in Land Mode, such as creating waypoints.

  • Page 4: Table Of Contents

    Caution ... v Care Information ... vi Getting Started ...1 Unit Overview ... 1 Turning On the GPSMAP 196 ... 3 Getting Satellite Signals ... 4 Learning About the Keypad ... 7 Using the GPSMAP 196 ... 8 Simulator Mode ... 11 Basic Operation In Aviation Mode ...13...

  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Track Tab ... 82 Trip Tab ... 82 Aircraft Tab ... 83 Celestial Tab ... 83 Map Tab ... 87 Setup Tab ... 88 GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide NTRODUCTION Appendix ...99 Specifications ... 99 Optional Accessories ... 100 Installation Information ... 101 Learning About GPS ...

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    Do not place and notices to mariners contain all information needed to navigate safely. unsecured on When navigating in an aircraft, use the GPSMAP 196 only as an aid for the vehicle dash. VFR navigation. Use obstacle data only as an aid to situational awareness.

  • Page 7

    Map Data Information: One of the goals of Garmin is to provide customers with the most complete and accurate cartography that is available to us at a reasonable cost. We use a combination of governmental and private data sources, which we identify in product literature and copyright messages shown to the consumer.

  • Page 8

    (transferring it to MapSource). Immersing the Unit in Water The GPSMAP 196 is waterproof to IEC Standard 60529 IPX7. It can withstand immersion in 1 meter of water for 30 minutes. Prolonged submersion can cause damage to the unit. After submersion, be certain to wipe and air dry the unit before reuse or charging.

  • Page 9: Unit Overview

    Unit Overview The GPSMAP 196 is an all-in-one, versatile aviation, automotive, and marine navigator-perfect for air, land, or water. This portable GPS navigator features a built-in basemap, Jeppesen aviation database, U.S. obstacle database, and auto routing to provide you with automatically generated turn-by-turn directions.

  • Page 10

    ETTING TARTED VERVIEW The GPSMAP 196 uses 4 AA batteries, which can be Alkaline, rechargeable, Lithium, or Ni-Cad. Immediately after installing new batteries, turn the unit on to ensure that the unit’s power indicator shows a full charge. Replace all batteries at the same time. Do NOT mix new and used batteries.

  • Page 11: Turning On The Gpsmap 196

    Turning On the GPSMAP 196 The first time you turn on your new GPSMAP 196, the receiver must collect satellite data and establish its present location. To ensure proper initialization, the GPSMAP 196 is shipped from the factory in AutoLocate mode, which allows the receiver to “find itself”...

  • Page 12: Getting Satellite Signals

    The GPS Page appears while the unit is gathering satellite signals and acquiring a fix. This process should take only a few minutes. While the GPSMAP 196 is getting satellite signals, the GPS Page shows the status as “Acquiring Satellites.”...

  • Page 13

    • Black signal strength bars—the receiver has collected the necessary data from this satellite. As soon as the GPSMAP 196 has collected the necessary data from the best satellites in view to calculate a fix, the status field indicates the status of the receiver. The unit then updates the location, date and time.

  • Page 14

    Any time you have traveled more than 600 miles with the GPS receiver turned off, the receiver can take longer than normal to initialize and find your location.

  • Page 15: Learning About The Keypad

    • Press twice to show the Main Menu. POWER Key • Press and hold to turn the unit on or off. • Press and release to adjust the backlighting and contrast. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ETTING TARTED EARNING BOUT THE...

  • Page 16: Using The Gpsmap 196

    SING THE Using the GPSMAP 196 This section explains how to enter and select information with the GPSMAP 196. To switch between Aviation, Water, and Land Modes, press and hold PAGE. Use the ROCKER to select a mode, and press ENTER.

  • Page 17

    2. Use the ROCKER to move the highlight up, down, right, or left on the menu to your selection. Selecting an option from an options menu GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ETTING TARTED To exit a menu or return to the previous setting: 1.

  • Page 18

    The included PC Interface Cable (with a serial connector) is used to transfer MapSource CD-ROM data to the optional Data Card. For compatible MapSource products, refer to the Garmin Web site at http://www.garmin.com/cartography/ database, an Obstacle ®...

  • Page 19: Simulator Mode

    Simulator Mode The GPSMAP 196 contains a Simulator Mode. Simulator Mode is helpful for practicing with the unit indoors or when no satellite signals are available or if the antenna is not connected. All waypoints and routes created in Simulator Mode are retained in memory for future use.

  • Page 20

    TARTED IMULATOR Entering a New Location From the GPS options menu you can enter a New Location and New Altitude to simulate from. To enter a New Location using the map: 1. Press MENU twice and highlight GPS from the vertical menu.

  • Page 21: Aviation Mode Page Sequence

    Aviation Mode appears below. Each of these pages has a specific use and each page is discussed later in this manual. Aviation Mode is the default mode for the GPSMAP 196. This manual first addresses each page, such as the Map Page, as shown in Aviation Mode. The manual then describes the page as shown in Land and Water Mode.

  • Page 22: Creating A Direct To

    ROCKER to select the point. 4. Press ENTER when the point is shown. 5. With the on-screen Goto button highlighted, press ENTER. The GPSMAP 196 creates a course from your present location to the selected destination. to show the Goto Page. Use the...

  • Page 23

    ENTER key and the ROCKER. 3. Highlight the on-screen Goto button, and press ENTER. A course is plotted from your present location to the selected destination. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ASIC PERATION IN VIATION Viewing Details for the Destination The Show Details option shows detailed information for your destination waypoint or the next waypoint in a route.

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    (noted with an asterisk), and press ENTER. A Usage Restrictions Page appears describing the restrictions for the selected frequency. IRECT 2. To return to the Comm Information Page, press ENTER. Usage Restrictions Page GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 25: Finding A Nearby Point

    While in Aviation Mode Press MENU when the Nearest Page is open to show the Nearest Page options menu. From the Nearest Page option menu, you can Set Airport Criteria. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ASIC PERATION IN VIATION Aviation Nearest Categories...

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    3. Press QUIT to return to the Nearest Pages. You can also highlight any one of the on-screen buttons to perform that action, such as Show Map or Goto. Information Page for a VOR GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

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    2. Use the ROCKER to select the ARTCC or FSS sub tab. 3. Press the ROCKER down to highlight Center or Station (based which tab you are on), and press ENTER. ARTCC Tab GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ASIC PERATION IN VIATION 4.

  • Page 28

    NOTE: When an airspace alert appears, press NEAREST to automatically show nearest airspace information. Press NEAREST a second time to quickly show the nearest airports list. Press NEAREST a third time to show the Find Menu. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 29

    2. Press MENU to show the options menu. 3. Select Set Airport Criteria, and then press ENTER. A window appears with the current settings for runway surface and minimum runway length. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ASIC PERATION IN VIATION Airport Criteria Page 4.

  • Page 30: Selecting An Approach

    ELECTING AN Selecting an Approach CAUTION: The approaches provided in the Jeppesen database are for monitoring purposes only. The GPSMAP 196 is not an IFR-approved instrument and should not be used as a primary source of navigation guidance in instrument conditions.

  • Page 31

    The Vectors? Option, which appears after you select an approach, determines how you navigate to the final approach waypoint. If you select Yes, the GPSMAP 196 creates an extension of the final course, beyond the final approach waypoint in the database (final approach fix [FAF]).

  • Page 32: Finding Points On Land

    Finding Points on Land To take full advantage of the trip-planning capabilities of the GPSMAP 196, you can find points on the land and then create a turn-by-turn route (auto-route) to that point. For example, you can find a restaurant to eat dinner at when you land.

  • Page 33: Marking A Waypoint

    Marking a Waypoint Waypoints are locations or landmarks you record and store in your GPSMAP 196. Press the ENTER/MARK to capture your present location to create a new waypoint. You must have a valid 2D or 3D satellite fix to mark your location. Press MENU twice and open the GPS tab to view your satellite receiver status.

  • Page 34: Creating A Flight Plan (route)

    4. Highlight Activate Route, and press ENTER. You can also create a flight plan to use at a later time. For more information, refer to “Editing and Managing Routes” “Creating Routes” beginning on page 52 beginning on page GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 35: Following Your Flight Plan

    Following your Flight Plan When you have created and started your flight plan (or route), the GPSMAP 196 guides you to the destination using a variety of tools. NOTE: After you perform an update to your Jeppesen Database, verify that all of your flight plans (routes) in your unit are still current.

  • Page 36: Aviation Mode

    Aviation Mode and a triangle symbol in Water and Land Modes. The GPSMAP 196 always turns on in location mode, with the last known location centered on the map. When you press the ROCKER, the GPSMAP 196 enters pan mode, which moves the map to keep the white arrow within the screen area.

  • Page 37

    The system has a built-in worldwide database to 20 mile zoom range, with more detailed coverage available through the use of the Jeppesen, BlueChart, or MapSource data. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide VIATION Map coverage conforms to the following conditions: • Cartography is shown when the selected zoom range is covered by either the internal basemap or other MapSource data loaded onto a data card.

  • Page 38

    When a waypoint or map item is selected, it is highlighted on screen with the name and location shown at the top of the screen, along with the distance and bearing from your current location, as shown in the image to the left. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 39

    4. Select an on-screen button, and press ENTER. 5. Press QUIT to exit the Information Page. Airport Information Page GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide VIATION Airspace Information Pan mode can also be used to retrieve information on airspaces depicted on the map.

  • Page 40

    4. Press ENTER again. Only the waypoints and navaids which are part of the current Goto or route appear on the Map Page. CLEAR-4 appears below the map range. 5. Press ENTER again to return ALL detail to the Map Page. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 41

    5. Press QUIT to finish. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Setting Up the Map Page The Map Page Setup allows you to adjust the way items appear on the Map Page.

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    5. Press up or down on the ROCKER to highlight the data you want to show, and press ENTER. 6. To return the field to the default setting, press MENU, and then press ENTER. 7. Press QUIT to exit. Changing a Data Field GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 43

    Additional Map Data You can view the data that is currently loaded on your GPSMAP 196 unit and data card. To review or change data card information: 1. Access the Map Page, and press MENU. 2. From the options menu, highlight Map Information, and press ENTER.

  • Page 44: Panel

    GPS. The Panel Page appears only when the GPSMAP 196 is in Aviation Mode. The Panel Page shows a graphic Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) surrounded by additional indicators.

  • Page 45

    ENTER. A window appears at the center of the HSI, showing the scale settings. 3. Use the ROCKER to select the scale, and press ENTER. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide VIATION Manually Setting a Course Use the Set OBS and Hold option to manually set your course to the destination.

  • Page 46

    Altitude” message appears, the time to vertical navigation goes blank, and the VNAV indicator disappears from the Panel Page. CAUTION: The GPSMAP 196 is a VFR navigation tool and should not be used to perform instrument approaches. VNAV is only a VFR navigation aid and is not intended for instrument approaches.

  • Page 47

    VNAV Indicator Panel Page showing the VNAV Indicator GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide VIATION Setting up VNAV To open the VNAV tab, press MENU twice to open the Main Menu. Select Setup from the vertical tab list. Then select VNAV from the row of tabs along the top of the page.

  • Page 48: Active Route

    NOTE: If you have created a route (Flight Plan) with a Jeppesen point that is no longer current after you perform an update to your Jeppesen Database, the route is locked. You need to create a new route with current Jeppesen Database points. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 49: Position Data

    The approaches provide only the final course segment, usually from final approach fix (FAF) to missed approach point (MAP), and are based on existing GPS, RNAV, VOR, NDB, localizer, or ILS approach procedures. All approach procedures are flown as a sequence of waypoints in the route. To select an approach and add the waypoints to the route, the final...

  • Page 50: Flight Log

    Flight Log The Flights tab shows a list of any recorded flights, including date, route of flight, and flight time. The GPSMAP 196 saves up to 50 page 112 in the recorded flights while in Aviation Mode. Entries on this list are automatically created for each flight.

  • Page 51: Aircraft Information

    flight records from the Flight Log (Delete All). To delete flights, press MENU (with the Flights tab information shown). Use the ROCKER to highlight a menu option, and press ENTER. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide VIATION Aircraft Information The Aircraft tab is divided into two sub tabs: Aircraft Profile and Weight &...

  • Page 52

    Current Aircraft and to select the profile you want to rename. 2. Use the ROCKER to select the on-screen Rename or Delete button, and press ENTER. If Rename is selected, use the ROCKER and ENTER keys to enter a new tail number. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 53

    Weight & Balance may be used during your pre-flight preparations to verify the weight and balance conditions for your aircraft. By entering the weight and arm values on this page, the GPSMAP 196 can calculate the total weight, moment, and center of gravity (CG) to ensure a safe flight.

  • Page 54

    Head Wind—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading and true airspeed. Wind Speed—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading and true airspeed. Density Altitude—(calculated figure) determined from entry of indicated altitude, barometric pressure and total air temperature. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 55

    The calculated figures for Head Wind, Wind From, and Wind Speed appears. NOTE: If a True North reference is currently selected as the heading reference on your GPSMAP 196, you must enter Heading using a True North reference to determine winds accurately.

  • Page 56: Land Mode Page Sequence

    Land Mode—a Current Route Page appears if you are navigating a turn-by-turn route, and an Active Route Page appears if you are navigating “Off Road.” See “Navigating in Land Mode” Map Page EQUENCE ASIC PERATION beginning on the next page for more information. Compass Page Current Route Page Postion Data Page GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 57: Navigating In Land Mode

    Go To MAP Point is listed. Select Go To <point name> or Go To MAP Point, and press ENTER. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide 3. Follow the route line created on the Map Page or the turn-by- turn route (auto-route) by using the Current Route Page.

  • Page 58

    4. Highlight an item from the list, and press ENTER. 5. Highlight the Goto button, and press ENTER. For complete information about finding an item, refer to the following section. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 59: Finding An Item

    BlueChart or MapSource data card in the unit. Find Menu Follow the directions on the previous page to search for an item near your current location and then route to it. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ASIC PERATION IN Using the Find From Feature The Find option also supports a “find from”...

  • Page 60: Creating Routes

    ENTER to perform that operation. OUTES Creating Routes The GPSMAP 196 lets you create and store up to 50 reversible routes, with up to 50 waypoints each. Routes can be created in two ways. The first way is to select waypoints from the Find Menu, allowing you to see a list of the route points as you create the route.

  • Page 61

    ENTER to add the point to the route. Repeat until you have added all of the points to the route. Creating a new route on Route Review Page GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide To create a route graphically: 1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu. Use the ROCKER to highlight Route from the vertical list of tabs.

  • Page 62

    3. Highlight Activate Route, and press ENTER. The Active Route Page opens. 4. Press MENU. Highlight Follow Roads, and press ENTER. The GPSMAP 196 automatically generates a turn-by-turn route following roads. If you want to follow roads on your route, press MENU and select Follow Roads on the Active Route Page.

  • Page 63: Creating Waypoints

    Creating Waypoints Waypoints are locations or landmarks you record and store in your GPSMAP 196. Save your current location as a waypoint by pressing and holding ENTER/MARK. You can also find waypoints using the map or Find Menu and them store them in the unit.

  • Page 64

    You can create a waypoint using the Map Page. When you pan the map and move the arrow over a map item, a highlighted description of that item appears. The GPSMAP 196 uses the map item text shown on the map as the default name and symbol for the new waypoint.

  • Page 65

    field, and press ENTER. Use the ROCKER to enter the new information. 4. After entering your changes, highlight OK, and press ENTER. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ASIC PERATION IN To change the location of a waypoint, highlight the character you want to change in the Location field.

  • Page 66: Following A Land Route

    PERATION IN DITING Following a Land Route The GPSMAP 196 guides you to your destination using many tools, such as the Map Page and Current Route Page. Track Your Progress with the Map Page You can track the progress of your route on the Map Page. Your route is shown with a route line.

  • Page 67

    The top of the screen shows the GPS status or the route leg. You can also add additional data fields to the page or select a full screen map without data fields.

  • Page 68: Current Route

    URRENT Current Route Page Whenever you have started a route in the GPSMAP 196 in Land Mode, the Current Route Page shows each turn of the active route, with the distance to the turn, the street name, and estimated time to arrival and time of arrival.

  • Page 69

    Reset the Position Data before beginning a trip. If you make frequent stops, leave the GPSMAP 196 turned on to allow the unit to accurately measure elapsed time during the trip.

  • Page 70: Editing And Managing Routes

    EATURES DITING AND Editing and Managing Routes The Route tab shows the routes you have created in your GPSMAP 196 unit. For complete information on routes, refer to the “Creating Routes” section beginning on Viewing All of Your Saved Routes The Route tab in the Main Menu lists all of your saved routes and routes on one easy-to-read Route List.

  • Page 71

    3. Highlight Follow Roads, and press ENTER to create a turn-by-turn route (auto-route), which appears in the Current Route Page. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Editing a Route When you have created a route, use the Route Review Page to edit, “Creating Routes”...

  • Page 72

    Menu automatically opens for you to search for and select the point you want to add to the route. 5. In the point review page, highlight OK, and press ENTER to add the new point to the route. section on page 66). GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 73

    6. If the New Waypoint Page opens, edit the waypoint, highlight OK, and press ENTER. 7. Repeat steps 4 through 6 until all points are added to the route. Press QUIT to finish. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide AGES AND EATURES DITING AND To set speed and fuel/plan your route: 1.

  • Page 74: Editing And Managing Waypoints

    BlueChart feature, the Waypoint Edit Page does NOT show the details of the other map features. Use either of these methods to access the Waypoint Page so you can edit and manage the waypoint. Points Tab in the Main Menu GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 75

    3. Use the ROCKER to enter a new name, and press ENTER when finished. Symbol field Waypoint Review Page GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide AGES AND To change the waypoint symbol or other element: 1. Open the Waypoint Review or Waypoint Edit Page.

  • Page 76

    2. Select Append To Route from the options menu. The Select Route window appears. 3. Highlight the route or select New Route, and press ENTER. 4. With OK highlighted, press ENTER to save the waypoint. Waypoint Options Menu GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 77

    3. Watch the fields change as the unit calculates the average location of the waypoint. Press ENTER to save the location. NOTE: You must have a GPS satellite fix before you can average a waypoint’s location. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 78

    To access the Points tab of the Main Menu: 1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu. 2. Highlight Points from the vertical list of tabs. 3. Press the ROCKER right or left to highlight User or Proximity to open that sub tab. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 79

    When deleting by category, select the category you want to delete from the list, and press ENTER. 4. Highlight OK, and press ENTER to confirm. Choose Cancel or press QUIT to exit without deleting. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide AGES AND EATURES DITING AND Proximity Sub Tab The Proximity Sub tab lets you define an alarm circle around a...

  • Page 80

    3. To clear a single alarm, highlight Remove Point, and press ENTER. To clear all proximity waypoints, select Remove All, and press ENTER. 4. Use the ROCKER to highlight OK, and press ENTER. Proximity Sub Tab Options Menu GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 81: Managing Your Tracks

    Map Page as you travel. The track log contains points along its path, including time, and location for each point. The track log starts recording as soon as the GPSMAP 196 gets a location fix. For the best results, clear the track log before you start traveling because when the track log is full, new track points overwrite the oldest track points.

  • Page 82

    The Saved sub tab lists all of the saved tracks in your unit. Press MENU to open the Saved sub tab options menu: Review on Map—shows the highlighted track on the Map Page. Saved Sub Tab GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 83

    Track Review Page 4. Highlight the Name field, and press ENTER. Use the ROCKER to change the name, and press ENTER. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide AGES AND EATURES 5. Select a different screen style when the track appears on the map.

  • Page 84

    3. Select Original or Reverse, and press ENTER. RACKS TracBack Tips When a TracBack has been started, the GPSMAP 196 divides the track into segments called legs. Up to 50 temporary turns are created to mark the most significant features of the track in order to duplicate your exact path as closely as possible.

  • Page 85: Water Mode Page Sequence

    Water Mode features four main pages: the Map, Compass, Active Route, and Position Data Page. Water Mode operates in a similar fashion to Aviation Mode, while also providing many features and operations of Land Mode. Map Page GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ASIC PERATION AND...

  • Page 86

    • Show and hide the heading line from the options menu. • Use the ROCKER to measure the distance between two objects on the map. • Change the page layout and data fields to customize the Map Page. Map Range GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 87: Compass

    The compass ring and bearing indicators work independently to show the direction of your movement and the direction to your destination. If the arrow points up, you are going directly to the GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide ASIC PERATION AND waypoint. If the arrow points any direction other than up, turn toward the arrow until it points up, then continue in that direction.

  • Page 88: Main Menu

    The Main Menu features some additional pages that are useful to you as you plan trips and use your GPSMAP 196. Some of these pages have already been discussed in-depth in previous sections. This section only contains the additional pages and features found in the Main Menu that have not been discussed yet.

  • Page 89: Flights Tab, Route Tab, Points Tab

    Flights Tab The Flights tab shows a list of any recorded flights, including date, route of flight, and flight time. The GPSMAP 196 saves up to 50 recorded flights while in Aviation Mode. Entries on this list are automatically created for each flight. More information on the...

  • Page 90: Track Tab, Trip Tab

    Time, Total Time, and Odometer readings. The trip computer readouts can be reset individually or collectively. To reset the trip data: 1. Press MENU. 2. Select Reset Trip, Reset Max Speed, Reset Odometer or Reset All, and press ENTER. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 91: Aircraft Tab, Celestial Tab

    Wind Speed), based on information you enter. Information on the “E6B Tab” is located on page GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Celestial Tab The Celestial tab on the Main Menu shows sun and moon is located on information, data for the tide, and hunting and fishing information.

  • Page 92

    To use the current location, highlight the From field. Press ENTER, highlight Current Location, and press ENTER. Location of the Sun and Moon in the sky view GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 93

    ROCKER. 3. Use the ROCKER to select the Hunt & Fish sub tab. Hunt & Fish Sub Tab GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide To view Hunt & Fish information for a different date: 1. Highlight the Date field, and press ENTER.

  • Page 94

    2. Enter the date with the ROCKER, and press ENTER. hours 3. Press ENTER. The unit shows the chart for the date you entered or selected. To use the current date again, highlight the Date field. Press MENU, highlight Use Current Date, and press ENTER. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 95

    (pan) mode. 2. Scroll the chart right to view the next day or left to view the previous day. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Map Tab The Map Tab allows you to adjust the way items appear on the Map Page.

  • Page 96: Setup Tab

    ETUP Setup Tab To customize how your GPSMAP 196 operates, adjust certain system settings in the Main Menu using the Setup tab. System Sub Tab To open the System tab, press MENU twice to open the Main Menu. Select Setup from the vertical tab list. Then select System from the row of tabs along the top of the page.

  • Page 97

    VNAV is available on page VNAV Sub Tab GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Airspace Alarms Sub Tab The Airspace sub tab provides alarm settings for the following items: Class B, CTA; Class C, TMA; Towers, Cntrl Zones; Restricted Areas, MOAs; Mode C Veils; Other SUAs. Select On to enable or Off to disable.

  • Page 98

    DGPS—sets an alarm to sound when the unit loses a differential fix. Accuracy—sets an alarm to sound when GPS accuracy falls outside of the user-set value. Select On, and then enter a specific distance.

  • Page 99

    • Off Road—creates a direct line from your current location to your destination. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Ask My Preference—determines whether you are asked to select a route preference before route calculations. Calculation Method—sets how the unit searches for the route.

  • Page 100

    During flight, this field is titled “Flight” and counts up as the flight is in progress. Since Midnight—allows you to view the time the unit has been turned on since midnight. This resets if you restore All Unit Defaults from the System tab. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 101

    Time Format—allows you select between a 12-hour or 24-hour time format. Time Zone—allows you to choose your correct time zone so the GPSMAP 196 shows the correct local time. Select Other to enter a UTC Offset. Daylight Saving Time— Auto: automatically adjusts for daylight saving time based on current location and date;...

  • Page 102: Appendix, Gpsmap 196 Pilot's Guide

    WGS 84 datum for best overall performance. for more information GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 103

    Highlight and select the Serial Data Format you want. Interface Sub Tab Serial Data Format—sets the data format to one of the following: • Garmin Data Transfer—the proprietary format used to exchange data with a PC or another Garmin GPSMAP 196. ETUP...

  • Page 104

    If you select GARMIN DGPS or RTCM In/NMEA Out format, you can control a differential beacon receiver directly from your GPSMAP 196 using the Interface sub tab. You can have the unit automatically scan for the DGPS beacon signal, or you can enter the beacon frequency and bit rate on the unit, and the information is used to tune the beacon receiver.

  • Page 105

    2. Highlight Restart Scan, and press ENTER. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide To manually enter a frequency and bit rate: 1. With the unit set to GARMIN DGPS or RTCM In/NMEA Out, use the ROCKER to highlight the Beacon field, and press ENTER.

  • Page 106

    ETUP Advanced NMEA Output Setup If you are going to interface the GPSMAP 196 with another piece of equipment (such as a radar or autopilot), the unit needs to be set to output NMEA data. The NMEA data transmission can be customized to keep the output rate at two seconds.

  • Page 107: Speciļ¬cations

    Battery Life: Up to 16 hours in Battery Saver Mode Source: 8–35 VDC Fuse: AGC/3AG-2.0 Amp GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Performance Receiver: Differential-ready 12 parallel channel receiver Acquisition Times: Approx. 15 seconds (warm start) Approx. 45 seconds (cold start) Approx. 2 minutes (First Time/AutoLocate...

  • Page 108: Optional Accessories

    Garmin products. Use of such accessories could cause damage to the GPSMAP 196 and void the warranty. Auto Navigation Kit—Provides the parts and map data to use the GPSMAP 196 in an automobile.

  • Page 109: Installation Information

    GPSMAP 196 to auxiliary devices and removing the antenna. Connecting the Power/Data Cable The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 196 to an 8–35 VDC system and provides interface capabilities for connecting external devices. The color code in the diagram below and to the right indicates the appropriate harness connections.

  • Page 110

    NFORMATION Installing and Removing Data Cards The GPSMAP 196 uses an optional Garmin data card to show digital charts and maps. Install the data card in the slot located on the bottom of the unit. Install or remove the data card at any time, whether the unit is on or off.

  • Page 111

    Approved sentences — GPRMC, GPGGA, GPRMB, GPGLL, GPBWC, GPVTG, GPXTE and GPBOD; Proprietary sentences — PGRME, PGRMZ, PGRMM and PSLIB. The GPSMAP 196 also includes optional NMEA sentences for the GPGSA, GPGSV, GPWPL, GPRTE. You can download a copy of Garmin’s proprietary communication protocol from the Help and Support section of our Web site at www.garmin.com...

  • Page 112: Learning About Gps

    GPS works in any weather conditions, anywhere in the world, 24 hours a day. There are no subscription fees or setup charges to use GPS. For more information refer to the Garmin Web site at and also read the GPS Guide for Beginners, which can garmin.com...

  • Page 113

    SBAS system should be capable of providing your GPS unit with increased accuracy at any location in the world. Currently, enabling WAAS on your Garmin GPSMAP 196 in regions that are not supported by ground stations may not improve accuracy, even when receiving signals from an SBAS satellite.

  • Page 114: Loran Td Setup

    Setup TD field, the active waypoint information does reflect those changes. Since the GPSMAP 196 does not rely on the LORAN signal for navigation, it can reference a different GRI chain and/or secondary stations and still navigate to the location stored in memory.

  • Page 115

    Because of this, the unit can navigate to a TD coordinate anywhere in the world. You must know your GRI chain number and/or secondary stations to create a LORAN TD location. For more information read our LORAN TD Position Format Handbook, available at the Garmin Web site, at www.garmin.com/support/userManual.html. PPENDIX ORAN...

  • Page 116: Map Datums And Location Formats

    Lines of latitude and longitude on a map or chart are referenced to a specific map datum. Every chart has a map datum reference and the GPSMAP 196 can be set to match most of those commonly used.

  • Page 117: Jeppesen Database Information

    Jeppesen Database Information The GPSMAP 196 includes an internal Jeppesen® database that provides location and facility information for thousands of airports, VORs, NDBs, and more. Updates to the Jeppesen database are available every 28 days online (www.garmin.com). The update program is designed to operate on Windows requires the included PC Interface Cable to connect your GPSMAP 196 to the PC’s serial communications port.

  • Page 118: Messages

    Memory Full—unit memory is full, no further data can be saved. Memory (RAM) Failed Unit Needs Repair—there is an internal problem with your unit. Contact Garmin Product Support to have the unit serviced. Memory (ROM) Failed Unit Needs Repair—there is an internal problem with your unit.

  • Page 119

    Steep Turn—approaching a turn that requires a bank angle in excess of 25 degrees to stay on course. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Sunrise, Switching to Day Mode—the unit is switching to Day Mode. Sunset, Switching to Night Mode—the unit is switching to Night Mode Track Already Exists—a saved track with the same name already exists.

  • Page 120: Data Field Options

    The following list provides a brief description of each data field option. Some of these options are supported only by devices interfaced to your GPSMAP 196. Accuracy—the current accuracy of your GPS determined location. Altitude—the height above mean sea level (MSL).

  • Page 121

    Trip Timer (Moving)—the length of time your vehicle has been in motion, since the Position Data Page was reset. Appears as Move Timer. GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Trip Timer (Total)—the total time the unit has been tracking since the Position Data Page was reset.

  • Page 122: License Agreement And Warranty

    Registration link on our Home page. Use this area to record the serial number (8-digit number located on the back of the box) in case your GPSMAP 196 is lost, stolen, or needs service. Keep your original sales receipt in a safe place or attach a photocopy inside the manual.

  • Page 123

    Garmin dealer for repairs. The GPSMAP 196 is fastened shut with screws. Any attempt to open the case to change or modify the unit in any way will void your warranty and may result in permanent damage to the equipment.

  • Page 124

    GREEMENT AND ARRANTY FCC Compliance The GPSMAP 196 complies with Part 15 of the FCC interference limits for Class B digital devices FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE. These limits are designed to provide more reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation, and are more stringent than “outdoor”...

  • Page 125: Index

    Rechargeable Nearest Battery Alarms Pack Airspace Saver Mode Anchor Drag BlueChart Arrival Bug Indicator GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Cable Calculate Routes for Calculation Method Calibrated Airspeed Cards, Data Care Information 36, 94 Categories 1, 3, 103 Find Menu CDI. See Course Deviation Indicator...

  • Page 126

    Aviation Mode Declutter Land Mode Setup Water Mode Maritime Mobile Service Identity. See MMSI Marking a Waypoint Mark my Location Maximum Speed Measuring Distance Messages 114–116 94, 108 Military Time GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide 106–107 28–35 25, 55, 56 44, 82...

  • Page 127

    Odometer 61, 82 Proximity Off-Route Recalculation Alarms Off Course Points Tab Off Road Waypoint On-Screen Button GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide Receiver Not Usable Receiver Status Receive Satellite Signals Record Mode Registration Release Hold 36–39 Reset Timer 28, 30 Reset Trip...

  • Page 128

    49, 58, 63 Waterproof Waypoint Create Edit 66, 67 Information Page Manage Mark 13, 88 Name Proximity Symbol Weight & Balance Wide Area Augmentation System. See WAAS Winds Aloft Zoom 15, 25, 55–56, 104 25, 56 GPSMAP 196 Pilot’s Guide...

  • Page 132

    For the latest free software updates (excluding map data) throughout the life of your Garmin products, visit the Garmin Web site at www.garmin.com. © Copyright 2004, 2005 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries Garmin International, Inc. 1200 East 151 Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.

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