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D-Link 8500AP User Manual

D-Link 8500AP User Manual (262 pages)

Unified Access System  
Brand: D-Link | Category: Wireless Access Point | Size: 4.22 MB
Table of contents
Table Of Contents3................................................................................................................................................................
List Of Tables9................................................................................................................................................................
List Of Figures11................................................................................................................................................................
About This Document13................................................................................................................................................................
Audience13................................................................................................................................................................
Organization13................................................................................................................................................................
Document Conventions13................................................................................................................................................................
Table 1. Typographical Conventions13................................................................................................................................................................
Safety Instructions14................................................................................................................................................................
Safety Cautions14................................................................................................................................................................
General Precautions For Rack-mountable Products16................................................................................................................................................................
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge17................................................................................................................................................................
Battery Handling Reminder17................................................................................................................................................................
Overview Of The D-link Unified Access System19................................................................................................................................................................
D-link Unified Access System Components19................................................................................................................................................................
D-link Wlan Controller Switch19................................................................................................................................................................
D-link Access Point20................................................................................................................................................................
Wlan Visualization20................................................................................................................................................................
D-link Unified Access System Topology21................................................................................................................................................................
Single Wcs Deployment21................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 1. Sample Wlan Visualization21................................................................................................................................................................
Peer Switch Wcs Deployment22................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 2. Single Wcs With Layer 2 Roaming Support22................................................................................................................................................................
Understanding The User Interfaces23................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 3. Peer Wcs With Layer 3 Roaming Support23................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Web Interface24................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 4. Web Interface Layout24................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 5. Cascading Navigation Menu25................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 6. Hierarchical Tree Navigation Menu25................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Command-line Interface26................................................................................................................................................................
Using Snmp27................................................................................................................................................................
Wireless System Features And Standards Support28................................................................................................................................................................
Planning The D-link Unified Access System Network31................................................................................................................................................................
System Requirements31................................................................................................................................................................
Wlan Topology Considerations32................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 7. D-link Unified Access System Components32................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 8. Wiring Closet Topology33................................................................................................................................................................
Access Point-to-switch Discovery34................................................................................................................................................................
Access Point Placement34................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 9. Data Center Topology34................................................................................................................................................................
Network Planning To Support Layer 3 Roaming35................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 10. Inter-subnet Roaming36................................................................................................................................................................
Installing The Hardware37................................................................................................................................................................
Hardware Overview37................................................................................................................................................................
Front Panel Components38................................................................................................................................................................
Led Indicators38................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 11. Front Panel View Of The Dws-3024 As Shipped38................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 12. Front Panel View Of The Dws-3026 As Shipped38................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 13. Led Indicators On Dws-302438................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 14. Led Indicators On Dws-302638................................................................................................................................................................
Table 2. Led Description39................................................................................................................................................................
Rear Panel Description40................................................................................................................................................................
Side Panels40................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 15. Rear Panel View Of Dws-302440................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 16. Rear Panel View Of Dws-302640................................................................................................................................................................
Installation41................................................................................................................................................................
Package Contents41................................................................................................................................................................
Installation Guidelines41................................................................................................................................................................
Installing The Switch Without The Rack42................................................................................................................................................................
Installing The Switch In A Rack42................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 17. Prepare Switch For Installation On A Desktop Or Shelf42................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 18. Fasten Mounting Brackets To Switch42................................................................................................................................................................
Powering On The Switch43................................................................................................................................................................
Installing The Sfp Ports43................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 19. Mounting The Switch In A Standard 19" Rack43................................................................................................................................................................
Installing The Optional Module44................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 20. Inserting The Fiber-optic Transceivers Into The Switch44................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 21. Front Panel Of The Dem-410x45................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 22. Front Panel Of The Dem-410cx45................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 23. Inserting The Optional Module Into The Switch (dws-3026)45................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting To The External Redundant Power System46................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting The Switch46................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 24. Dws-3026 With Optional Dem-410x Module Installed46................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 25. Rps Connector46................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting The Switch To The Network47................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting The Switch And Ap Directly47................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 26. Switch And Ap Connected Directly47................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting The Switch And Ap Through The L2/l3 Network48................................................................................................................................................................
Connecting To The Core Network48................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 27. Switch And Aps Connected Through Network48................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 28. Switch Connected To Network Core48................................................................................................................................................................
Installing The D-link Unified Access System49................................................................................................................................................................
System Deployment Overview49................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Wlan Features On The Switch52................................................................................................................................................................
Table 3. Basic Wireless Global Configuration52................................................................................................................................................................
Preparing The Access Points54................................................................................................................................................................
Logging On To The Ap54................................................................................................................................................................
Changing The Ap Password55................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring 802.1x Authentication Information On The Ap55................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 29. Ethernet Connection For Static Ip Assignment55................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ap-to-switch Authentication Information56................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Vlan Information On The Access Point56................................................................................................................................................................
Table 4. Ieee 802.1x Supplicant Commands56................................................................................................................................................................
Discovering Access Points And Peer Switches57................................................................................................................................................................
Understanding The Discovery Methods57................................................................................................................................................................
Table 5. Ap Vlan Commands57................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 30. L2 Discovery Example58................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 31. L3 Discovery Example 158................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 32. L3 Discovery Example 259................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 33. Dhcp Option Example59................................................................................................................................................................
Discovery And Peer Switches60................................................................................................................................................................
Assigning The Ip Address To Switches And Managed Aps60................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling The Ap And Peer Switch Discovery63................................................................................................................................................................
Table 6. L3/ip Discovery66................................................................................................................................................................
Authenticating And Validating Access Points70................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ap Authentication71................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Local Database For Ap Validation72................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 34. Requiring Ap Authentication72................................................................................................................................................................
Using The Radius Database For Ap Validation74................................................................................................................................................................
Managing Failed Or Rogue Aps76................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Access Point Settings77................................................................................................................................................................
Ap Profiles, Networks, And The Local Database77................................................................................................................................................................
Access Point Profiles77................................................................................................................................................................
Networks78................................................................................................................................................................
Local Access Point Database78................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Aaa And Radius Settings79................................................................................................................................................................
Table 7. Global Radius Server79................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Wireless Radio Settings80................................................................................................................................................................
Table 8. Mac Authentication80................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 35. Mac Access Control80................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 36. Radio Settings81................................................................................................................................................................
Table 9. Radio Settings82................................................................................................................................................................
Table 10. Advanced Radio Configuration85................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ssid Settings86................................................................................................................................................................
Managing Virtual Access Point Configuration86................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 37. Vap Settings86................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Default Network87................................................................................................................................................................
Table 11. Default Vap Configuration87................................................................................................................................................................
Table 12. Wireless Network Configuration88................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 38. Configuring Network Settings88................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling And Configuring Additional Vaps90................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 39. Ap Profile With Five Vaps Enabled90................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring A Vap For L3 Tunnels91................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 40. Networks Available To The Wireless Client91................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 41. L3 Roaming Example92................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Ap Security93................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 42. Ap Network Security Options93................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 43. Static Wep Configuration94................................................................................................................................................................
Table 13. Static Wep95................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 44. Wpa Personal Configuration96................................................................................................................................................................
Table 14. Static Wpa97................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Valid Access Point Settings98................................................................................................................................................................
Table 15. Valid Access Point Summary99................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 45. Adding A Valid Ap99................................................................................................................................................................
Table 16. Valid Ap Configuration100................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 46. Configuring A Valid Ap100................................................................................................................................................................
Managing And Maintaining D-link Access Points103................................................................................................................................................................
Resetting The Access Points103................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 47. Access Point Reset103................................................................................................................................................................
Managing Radio Frequency Settings104................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Channel Plan And Power Settings104................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 48. Rf Channel Plan And Power Configuration105................................................................................................................................................................
Table 17. Rf Channel Plan And Power Adjustment106................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing The Channel Plan History107................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 49. Channel Plan History107................................................................................................................................................................
Initiating Manual Channel Plan Assignments108................................................................................................................................................................
Table 18. Channel Plan History108................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 50. Manual Channel Plan108................................................................................................................................................................
Initiating Manual Power Adjustments109................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 51. Manual Power Adjustments109................................................................................................................................................................
Upgrading The Access Point Software110................................................................................................................................................................
Table 19. Ap Upgrade110................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 52. Ap Upgrade110................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 53. Ap Upgrade Status111................................................................................................................................................................
Performing Advanced Access Point Management112................................................................................................................................................................
Table 20. Ap Upgrade Status112................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Ap Debugging113................................................................................................................................................................
Table 21. Advanced Ap Management113................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 54. Advanced Ap Management113................................................................................................................................................................
Adjusting The Channel And Power114................................................................................................................................................................
Table 22. Ap Debug114................................................................................................................................................................
Table 23. Managed Ap Channel/power Adjust114................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Status And Statistics117................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Wireless Global Information117................................................................................................................................................................
Table 24. Global Wlan Statistics118................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 55. Global Wlan Status118................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Ip Discovery Status120................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Peer Switch Status120................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 56. Wireless Discovery Status120................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring All Access Points121................................................................................................................................................................
Table 25. Peer Switch Status121................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 57. Peer Switch Status121................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 58. All Access Points121................................................................................................................................................................
Table 26. Monitoring All Access Points122................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Managed Access Point Status123................................................................................................................................................................
Table 27. Managed Access Point Status123................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 59. Managed Ap Status123................................................................................................................................................................
Table 28. Detailed Managed Access Point Status125................................................................................................................................................................
Table 29. Managed Ap Radio Summary127................................................................................................................................................................
Table 30. Managed Ap Radio Detail127................................................................................................................................................................
Table 31. Managed Ap Neighbor Status129................................................................................................................................................................
Table 32. Neighbor Ap Clients130................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Managed Ap Statistics131................................................................................................................................................................
Table 33. Managed Access Point Vap Status131................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 60. Managed Ap Statistics131................................................................................................................................................................
Table 34. Managed Access Point Wlan Summary Statistics132................................................................................................................................................................
Table 35. Managed Access Point Ethernet Summary Statistics132................................................................................................................................................................
Table 36. Detailed Managed Access Point Statistics133................................................................................................................................................................
Table 37. Managed Access Point Radio Statistics133................................................................................................................................................................
Table 38. Managed Access Point Vap Statistics134................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Access Point Authentication Failure Status135................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 61. Authentication Failed Ap Status135................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Rogue And Rf Scan Access Points136................................................................................................................................................................
Table 39. Access Point Authentication Failure Status136................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 62. Rf Scan137................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring Associated Client Information138................................................................................................................................................................
Table 40. Access Point Rf Scan Status138................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 63. Associated Client Status138................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Associated Client Status139................................................................................................................................................................
Table 41. Associated Client Status Summary139................................................................................................................................................................
Table 42. Detailed Associated Client Status140................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Associated Client Ssid Status141................................................................................................................................................................
Table 43. Associated Client Neighbor Ap Status141................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Associated Client Vap Status142................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Associated Client Statistics142................................................................................................................................................................
Table 44. Associated Client Ssid Status142................................................................................................................................................................
Table 45. Associated Client Vap Status142................................................................................................................................................................
Table 46. Associated Client Association Summary Statistics143................................................................................................................................................................
Table 47. Associated Client Summary Statistics143................................................................................................................................................................
Table 48. Associated Client Association Detail Statistics143................................................................................................................................................................
Viewing Client Authentication Failure Status144................................................................................................................................................................
Table 49. Associated Client Session Detail Statistics144................................................................................................................................................................
Table 50. Failed Client Status145................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 64. Client Authentication Failure Status145................................................................................................................................................................
Monitoring And Managing Ad Hoc Clients146................................................................................................................................................................
Table 51. Client Authentication Failure Status146................................................................................................................................................................
Table 52. Ad Hoc Client Status147................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 65. Ad Hoc Clients147................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Advanced Settings149................................................................................................................................................................
Creating, Configuring, And Managing Ap Profiles149................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 66. Multiple Ap Profiles150................................................................................................................................................................
Creating, Copying, And Deleting Ap Profiles151................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 67. Adding A Profile151................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 68. Configuring An Ap Profile151................................................................................................................................................................
Applying An Ap Profile152................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 69. Applying The Ap Profile152................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Global Settings153................................................................................................................................................................
Table 53. General Global Configurations153................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 70. Global Configuration153................................................................................................................................................................
Enabling Snmp Traps154................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 71. Snmp Trap Configuration154................................................................................................................................................................
Table 54. Snmp Traps155................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Qos156................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 72. Qos Configuration156................................................................................................................................................................
Table 55. Qos Settings157................................................................................................................................................................
Visualizing The Wireless Network161................................................................................................................................................................
Importing And Configuring A Background Image162................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 73. Sample Wlan Visualization162................................................................................................................................................................
Setting Up The Graph Components163................................................................................................................................................................
Creating A New Graph163................................................................................................................................................................
Graphing The Wlan Components166................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 74. Multiple Graphs166................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 75. List View And Tabbed View166................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 76. Component Tool Tip167................................................................................................................................................................
Understanding The Menu Bar Options168................................................................................................................................................................
Table 56. Wlan Visualization Menu Bar Options168................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 77. Graphed Components168................................................................................................................................................................
Legend Menu170................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 78. Legend170................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 79. Sentry Mode - Detailed View171................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 80. Channel Colors171................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 81. Tool Tip For Radio Managed Ap Information172................................................................................................................................................................
Managing The Graph173................................................................................................................................................................
Table 57. Component Information173................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 82. Wireless Component Attributes173................................................................................................................................................................
A D-link Unified Access System Default Settings175................................................................................................................................................................
Default D-link Wlan Controller Switch Settings175................................................................................................................................................................
Table 58. Switch Defaults175................................................................................................................................................................
Default D-link Access Point Profile Settings176................................................................................................................................................................
Table 59. Ap Default Ap Profile Settings176................................................................................................................................................................
B Configuring The External Radius Server179................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Radius Settings For Access Points179................................................................................................................................................................
Table 60. Radius Attributes For The Access Point179................................................................................................................................................................
Freeradius Server Configuration Example181................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Radius Clients181................................................................................................................................................................
Creating And Including An Attribute Dictionary181................................................................................................................................................................
Adding Access Points To The Valid Ap Database183................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Radius Settings For Wireless Clients184................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Radius For Client Mac Authentication184................................................................................................................................................................
Freeradius Example For Wireless Client Configuration184................................................................................................................................................................
Table 61. Radius Attributes For Wireless Clients184................................................................................................................................................................
Table 62. Radius Attributes For Wireless Client Mac Authentication184................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring User-based Authentication And Dynamic Vlans185................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Mac Authentication186................................................................................................................................................................
C L3 Roaming Example187................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Wlan And Tunnel Interfaces187................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 83. Example Of A Network With L3 Tunnel Subnet187................................................................................................................................................................
Using A Loopback Interface For The Wireless Functions188................................................................................................................................................................
Creating The Vlan Routing Interface189................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The L3 Tunnel Network192................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of Configuring L3 Roaming By Using The Cli193................................................................................................................................................................
Table 63. L3 Tunnel Status Values194................................................................................................................................................................
Example Of Configuring L3 Roaming By Using The Web Interface196................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring Dhcp Relay And The Dhcp Server197................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Relay Agent197................................................................................................................................................................
Configuring The Dhcp Server198................................................................................................................................................................
Setting The Mtu Size200................................................................................................................................................................
D Understanding Quality Of Service203................................................................................................................................................................
Qos And Load Balancing203................................................................................................................................................................
802.11e And Wmm Standards Support203................................................................................................................................................................
Coordinating Traffic Flow204................................................................................................................................................................
Qos Queues And Dscp On Packets204................................................................................................................................................................
Edcf Control Of Data Frames And Aifs205................................................................................................................................................................
Random Backoff And Contention Windows206................................................................................................................................................................
Packet Bursting For Better Performance206................................................................................................................................................................
Txop Interval For Client Stations207................................................................................................................................................................
802.1p And Dscp Tags207................................................................................................................................................................
Table 64. Vlan Priority Tags208................................................................................................................................................................
Figure 84. Traffic Prioritization208................................................................................................................................................................
E Warranty And Registration Information209................................................................................................................................................................
All Countries And Regions Excluding Usa209................................................................................................................................................................
Warranties Exclusive210................................................................................................................................................................
Limitation Of Liability210................................................................................................................................................................
Limited Warranty211................................................................................................................................................................
Limited Warranty (usa Only)212................................................................................................................................................................
Product Registration216................................................................................................................................................................
D-link Europe Limited Product Warranty216................................................................................................................................................................
Geographical Scope Of The Limited Product Warranty217................................................................................................................................................................
Limitation Of Product Warranty217................................................................................................................................................................
Limited Product Warranty Period218................................................................................................................................................................
Performance Of The Limited Product Warranty218................................................................................................................................................................
Warrantor219................................................................................................................................................................
D-link Europe Limited Produktgarantie219................................................................................................................................................................
Räumlicher Geltungsbereich Der Eingeschränkten Garantie220................................................................................................................................................................
Einschränkung Der Garantie220................................................................................................................................................................
Laufzeit Der Eingeschränkten Garantie220................................................................................................................................................................
Leistungsumfang Der Eingeschränkten Garantie221................................................................................................................................................................
Garantiegeber221................................................................................................................................................................
D-link Europe A Limité La Garantie Des Produits222................................................................................................................................................................
Etendue Géographique De La Garantie Produit Limitée222................................................................................................................................................................
Limitation De La Garantie Produit223................................................................................................................................................................
Période De Garantie Produit Limitée223................................................................................................................................................................
Exécution De La Garantie Produit Limitée224................................................................................................................................................................
Garant224................................................................................................................................................................
Garantía Limitada Del Producto D-link Europa224................................................................................................................................................................
Cobertura Geográfica De La Garantía Limitada Del Producto225................................................................................................................................................................
Limitación De La Garantía Del Producto225................................................................................................................................................................
Período De La Garantía Limitada Del Producto226................................................................................................................................................................
Uso De La Garantía Limitada Del Producto226................................................................................................................................................................
Garante227................................................................................................................................................................
D-link Europe Termini Di Garanzia Dei Prodotti227................................................................................................................................................................
Ambito Geografico Della Garanzia Limitata228................................................................................................................................................................
Limitazione Della Garanzia228................................................................................................................................................................
Periodo Di Garanzia228................................................................................................................................................................
Prestazioni Della Garanzia Limitata229................................................................................................................................................................
Technical Support231................................................................................................................................................................
International Offices259................................................................................................................................................................
Registration Information260................................................................................................................................................................

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