Four winns 278 VISTA Owner's Manual
Four winns 278 VISTA Owner's Manual

Four winns 278 VISTA Owner's Manual

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Summary of Contents for Four winns 278 VISTA

  • Page 1 ® ® 2 5 8 / 2 7 8 V I S T A O W N E R S M A N U A L ® 0 9 0 - 2 8 2 3...
  • Page 3 – or if it does not meet your expectations at any time during your ownership experience – please contact your Four Winns Dealer or our customer service department. In the event they are unable to assist you, or if you do not receive the response you expect, I invite you to contact me directly.
  • Page 5: Table Of Contents

    Table of Contents PREFACE .................................10 SAFETY MESSAGES ............................11 OPERATION ..............................18 A - 1 GENERAL ........................... 18 A - 2 COMPONENT SYSTEMS ......................18 A - 3 SAFETY EQUIPMENT ........................ 18 A - 4 PASSENGER SAFETY ....................... 18 A - 5 RULES OF THE ROAD .......................
  • Page 6 H. Operation ..........................30 Boathouses, Sea Walls and Confined Spaces ..............30 J. The Effect of Boats Moored Along Side ...................31 K. Backdrafting (Station Wagon Effect) ..................31 L. Accumulation of Exhaust Gases-Swim Platform ..............32 M. Dangerous Activity - “Teak Surfing”/“Dragging” ...............32 N.
  • Page 7 WARRANTY AND SERVICE .......................... 45 D - 1 FOUR WINNS WARRANTY POLICY ..................45 D - 2 DECK/HULL STRUCTURE WARRANTY ..................45 D - 3 WARRANTY REGISTRATION ....................45 D - 4 TRANSFER OF WARRANTY ..................... 45 D - 5 PRE-OWNED UNIT REGISTRATION ..................
  • Page 8 CONTROL SYSTEMS ............................ 66 F - 1 GENERAL ........................... 66 F - 2 CONTROL OPERATION ......................66 A. General ..........................66 B. Maneuvering of Side-Mount Control ..................66 C. Shifting and Control Speed ....................67 F - 3 NEUTRAL SAFETY SWITCH ......................68 F - 4 CONTROL SYSTEM MAINTENANCE ..................
  • Page 9 C. Anti-Syphon Valves ....................... 89 D. Fuel Gauge ........................... 89 E. Fuel Senders ........................89 F. Fuel Filters ..........................90 G. Use and Maintenance ......................90 I - 2 FUEL STANDARDS ........................90 A. Problems With Alcohol in Gasoline ..................91 B.
  • Page 10 N - 2 EXTERIOR SEATING .........................157 A. Helm Seat ..........................157 B. U-Shaped Stern Seat - 278 Vista (Standard) & 258 Vista (Optional) ........157 C. Mediterranean SunSport Seating - 258 Vista Only ..............157 D. Cockpit Table ........................158 E. Deck Sunpads ........................158 N - 3 INTERIOR UPHOLSTERY CARE ....................159...
  • Page 11 A. Prior to Lifting for Winter Lay up ....................179 B. After Lifting ..........................179 C. Prior to Winter Storage ......................180 R - 2 ENGINE FLUSH OUT .........................180 A. Volvo Penta Engine Flush Out (Four Winns Installation) ............180 ® B. MerCruiser Engine Flush Out Option ...................181 ® R - 3 GENERAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ..................182...
  • Page 12 Lights ............................191 J. Tie-downs ..........................191 S - 3 OPERATION ..........................192 A. Hitching Trailer ........................192 B. Backing up with Surge Breaks ....................194 S - 4 TRAILERING ..........................195 A. Checklist ..........................195 B. Tactics ..........................196 S - 5 MAINTENANCE ..........................196 A. Care of Exterior Finish ......................196 B.
  • Page 13 A. Docking ..........................209 B. Mooring ..........................210 GLOSSARY ..............................211 FLOAT PLAN ..............................218 FUEL LOG ..............................219 SERVICE LOG ...............................222 SERVICE INFORMATION ..........................225 258 VISTA LOCATOR DRAWING ........................226 ® 278 VISTA LOCATOR DRAWING ........................227 ® ELECTRICAL SCHEMATICS .........................228 Table of Contents Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 14: Preface

    Be sure to read the contents thoroughly. This manual will acquaint you with the use and maintenance of your new Four Winns boat. This manual also provides special information critical to the safety of the passengers, and longevity of the equipment. The infor- mation on the following page lists the graphics used to increase the visibility of these important messages.
  • Page 15: Safety Messages

    Safety Messages The popularity of boating and other water sports has grown tremendously in the past few years. Because of this, safety is an important issue for everyone who shares our waterways. Remember that along with the freedom and exhilaration of boating comes the responsibility that you have for the safety of your passengers and the other boaters who share the water with you.
  • Page 16 Trash Overboard Decal - (Specific Models Only - Location Not Shown) This manual has been compiled to help you operate your boat with safety and pleasure. It contains the details of the boat, the equipment supplied or fitted, its systems, and information on its operation and maintenance.
  • Page 17 Many of these stickers and labels are not required by the US Coast Guard but are important to ensure the safe operation of your Four Winns boat. In addition, the Hull Identification Number plate is permanently attached below the ®...
  • Page 18 YACHT CERTIFICATION & WARNING LABELS NMMA Yacht Certification Plate GASOLINE VAPORS CAN EXPLODE RESULTING IN INJURY OR DEATH. BEFORE STARTING ENGINE CHECK ENGINE BILGE COMPART- MENT FOR GASOLINE OR VAPORS, OPERATE BLOWER FOR FOUR MINUTES, AND VERIFY BLOWER OPERATION. Gasoline Vapors - Blower Warning Label RUN BLOWER WHEN VESSEL IS (applicable models only)
  • Page 19 Ensure slings are in proper location as indicated by the sling label location. Failure to do so may result in permanent hull structure damage and will invalidate the hull structure warranty. No Ventilation - Do Not Store Fuel Warning Label Shore Power Inlet Warning Label Carbon Monoxide - Cabin Doors Warning Label Dockside Air Conditioning Inlet Label...
  • Page 20 Gasoline Vapor-Blower Warning Label Rotating Propeller - Helm Warning Label Rotating Propeller - Ladder Warning Label Leaking Fuel Warning Label CO Swim Platform and Ski Tow Warning Label Lounging Area Warning Label No Ventilation - Do Not Store Fuel Warning Label Transom/Side Door Warning Label CO - HELM WARNING LABEL CO-CABIN WARNING LABEL...
  • Page 21 Winning Edge Sticker NMMA Certified Sticker Flush Out Warning Label (Optional) Preface Owner’s Manual Page 17...
  • Page 22: Operation

    SAFETY EQUIPMENT ed. Books on this subject are also available from local libraries. Besides the equipment installed on the boat by Four Winns certain other equipment is required A - 6 LIGHTNING for passenger safety. A booklet listing the Federal equipment requirements is included in the owner’s...
  • Page 23: Drugs And Alcohol

    NEVER allow an obviously intoxicated person to take the helm. 2. Check the gauges. Make sure the oil pressure, water temperature, voltmeter, etc. are reading Have fun in your Four Winns boat, but also have ® normally.
  • Page 24: Engine Operational Procedures

    A - 9 ENGINE OPERATIONAL B. Cold / Warm Engine Start (EFI) PROCEDURES 1. Move the control handle to NEUTRAL detent position. NOTICE Consult engine operator’s manual for 2. Turn the key switch to start and hold until engine specific procedure for your particular starts, for no longer than 10 seconds.
  • Page 25: Stopping Engine

    Because of this, Four Winns strongly suggests that and reverse to ensure there is gear these activities be left to those who have the equip- engagement.
  • Page 26: Boating Education

    The Canadian Power and Sail Squadron offers seamanship courses. Information may be obtained Running aground can cause serious by visiting their website at www.cps-ecp.ca/. damage to a boat and associated underwater gear. If the boat should become B. Boating Manuals or Literature grounded, distribute personal flotation devices and inspect the boat for possible A good source of information is the US Coast Guard’s...
  • Page 27: Boat Owner Registration

    Guard Unit or call the Coast Guard info line at 1 800 A - 13 ACCIDENT REPORTING 368-5647, or visit the US Power Squadron website at www.usps.org. The operator of the boat is responsible for filing a report with the appropriate authorities. In general, reports are necessary for accidents involving loss of A - 12 BOAT OWNER REGISTRATION life, injury, or damage over $500.
  • Page 28: Marpol Treaty

    A - 16 MARPOL TREATY NOTICE IMPORTANT: It is illegal to discharge Boats 26 feet or longer must display a sign stating the waste from your marine sanitary device disposal regulations of the Federal Water Pollution (toilet) into the water in most areas. It is Control Act.
  • Page 29: Boating Safety

    Boating Safety B - 1 GENERAL The size of the PFD should be appropriate for the wearer. Body weight or chest size are common methods used to size PFDs. It is your responsibility to As the owner/operator of the boat, you are responsible ensure that you have the proper number and types of for assuring that all required safety equipment is PFDs on board and that your passengers know where...
  • Page 30: Pfd Pointers

    3. Teach children how to put a PFD on and allow them to try it in the water. That way, they know what the PFD is for and how it works. They will feel more comfortable with it if they suddenly find themselves in the water.
  • Page 31: Fire Extinguisher System

    An automatic FE241 agent fire extinguisher system is floating (daytime); or three red flares of hand held, an available option on the 258 and 278 Vista models. ® meteor, or parachute type (daytime/nighttime).
  • Page 32: Navigation Lights

    J. Additional Recommended Equipment periods of time at idle speed, and be sensitive to weather conditions that may prevent CO Four Winns recommends that you acquire additional from dissipating into the air. Do not stand or equipment for safe, enjoyable cruising. This list,...
  • Page 33: Properties And Characteristics Of Carbon Monoxide

    A. Properties and Characteristics of Carbon Certain health related problems and age will increase Monoxide the effects of CO. People who smoke or are exposed to high concentrations of cigarette smoke, consume 1. Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odorless and alcohol or have lung disorders or heart problems, are tasteless gas.
  • Page 34: Inspection

    4. Administer oxygen if available. The following are examples of possible 5. Contact medical help. If the victim is not breathing, situations where carbon monoxide can perform rescue breathing or approved cardiopul- accumulate within your boat while docked, monary resuscitation (CPR), as appropriate, until anchored, or underway.
  • Page 35: The Effect Of Boats Moored Alongside

    J. The Effect of Boats Moored Alongside A boat operator should be aware that carbon monox- ide is emitted from any boat’s exhaust. The operation, mooring, and anchoring in an area containing other boats may be in an atmosphere containing CO not of the operator’s making.
  • Page 36: Accumulation Of Exhaust Gases-Swim Platform

    Figure B15: Exhaust Gas Accumulation - Dangerous Activity N. Cabin Appliances Figure B13: Operating at Slow Speed Boats having fuel burning appliances in accommo- with Following Wind dation areas should be provided with adequate ventilation and the appliance should be maintained 6.
  • Page 37: Portable Generator Sets

    CO production. available through Four Winns. Portable generators will produce CO. These sets discharge their exhaust d. Restricted engine room or compartment...
  • Page 38: Maintenance - Ventilation Systems

    AA. Carbon Monoxide Detection Systems 6. Checking hangers and other supports Four Winns has included two CO detectors as a 7. Ensuring blower/fan is operational standard feature. One of the CO detectors is located in the forward V-berth and the other is located in 8.
  • Page 39: Safe Boating Practices

    • Observe all safety signs and warnings both inside the boat and in the immediate boating A CO detector is not a gas/fuel vapor detector. area. Gas/fuel vapor detectors do not monitor the buildup of carbon monoxide in an enclosed •...
  • Page 40: Propeller

    D. Propeller F. Operation By Minors Minors should always be supervised by an adult whenever operating a boat. Many states have laws Personal Injury! regarding the minimum age and licensing require- Do not allow anyone near a propeller, even ments of minors. Be sure to check local laws or when the engine is off.
  • Page 41: Water Sports

    These are usually marked with a swim area buoy (see Figure B-15). Do not swim alone or at night. PERSONAL INJURY Four Winns boats are not designed for and ® should not be used for pulling parasails, kites, gliders or any device which can become airborne.
  • Page 42 2. Allow no one who can not swim to water ski. 7. Give immediate attention to a person who has Skiers must wear a USCG approved floatation fallen. He or she is vulnerable in the water alone device. A Type III water-ski vest is an approved and may not be seen by other boaters.
  • Page 43: Basic Seamanship

    Basic Seamanship C - 1 GENERAL Basic rules of seamanship, general information about navigational aids, and sources for additional reading and boater education are presented in this portion of your owner’s manual. A. Boating Regulations The US Coast Guard is the authority of the waterways. State boating regulations are enforced by local authori- ties.
  • Page 44: Night Running

    6. Night Running Boats operating between sunset and sunrise (hours vary by state), or in conditions of reduced visibility, must use navigational lights. Nighttime operation, especially during bad weather or fog, can be danger- ous. All “Rules of the Road” apply at night, but it is best to slow down and stay clear of all boats regard- less of who has right-of-way.
  • Page 45: Navigational Aids

    blasts) if intent is not clear. A short blast is one or two NOTICE seconds long. A long blast is 4 to 6 seconds long. The Buoys are anchored floating objects and may Navigational Aids Chart at the end of this section lists not always be in exactly the same position.
  • Page 46: The Uniform State Waterway Marking System

    a light, note its color and pattern or timing of flashes, G. Anchoring and compare it to your chart to find its location. The weight of the anchor and diameter of anchor line D. The Uniform State Waterway Marking System should be governed by the size and weight of your boat.
  • Page 47: Recommended Reading

    Anchors are available in different shapes, sizes and website: www.redcross.org weights to fit different boats, uses, and conditions. Your Four Winns dealer can tell you which anchor Boat US Foundation for Boating Safety will work best for your boat. 1 800-336-BOAT website: www.boatus.com/courseline...
  • Page 48: Owner's Logs And Records

    The Service Information Sheet allows you to record all the pertinent information regarding your Four Winns boat. This sheet will be extremely helpful ® when ordering additional/optional parts for your boat or when having service work done.
  • Page 49: Warranty And Service

    Edge™ card within this time frame please contact The Four Winns Winning Edge™ Owner Protection your Four Winns selling dealer for resolution. If Plan provides the new Four Winns purchaser with one upon receipt of the card you discover a discrepancy, of the most comprehensive corporate commitments please notify Four Winns at 231 775-1343.
  • Page 50: Insurance Coverage

    Four Winns Customer Service Department, be kept in the owner packet. The service information to obtain it quickly. Four Winns will only sell replace- form should remain in the owners manual for easy ment parts to established Four Winns dealers. If you reference.
  • Page 51: Construction Standards

    D - 12 WINNGEAR operation of the boat. Along with boating, comes responsibility. Responsibility Show your colors! Four Winns offers a complete line of sports clothing designed to complement your new for safety, boating laws, and the environment. Please boat. The WinnGear™ line is on display on our web- think about the future of our waterways, oceans and site at www.fourwinns.com.
  • Page 52 Warranty and Service - Section D Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 53: Name/Address Change Form

    NAME / ADDRESS CHANGE FORM Name & Address: ___________________________________________________ Please print clearly. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Telephone & E-Mail Address: ___________________________________________________ Hull Identification Number: ___________________________________________________ Boat Model: ___________________________________________________ NOTE: For warranty transfer please use the Warranty Transfer Request Form also Date of Purchase: ___________________ included in this manual.
  • Page 54 Warranty and Service - Section D Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 55: Warranty Registration Transfer Request

    (5) years of the original retail sale. The transfer fee must be paid within fifteen (15) days of purchase of the used boat by check, money order or cashier’s check payable to Four Winns. We will notify the appropriate engine manufacturer of the boat warranty transfer.
  • Page 56 Warranty and Service - Section D Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 57: Engines And Instrumentation

    Persons overcome by carbon monoxide may Four Winns does not manufacture engines or drives. exhibit the following symptoms: Because of the technical nature of the engine and drive systems, all manufacturers of these items a.
  • Page 58: Carbon Monoxide Monitor

    CO Fatal carbon monoxide poisoning can occur. intoxication. See your Four Winns dealer for assistance in diagnosing the cause for the alarm. 6. If possible, ventilate your cabin while under way.
  • Page 59: Stern Drive

    ® on engine speed and prop slip, and in turn, directly effect the performance of a boat. The propellers A. Diameter included with each Four Winns boat provide the best ® general performance based on data obtained from Diameter is twice the distance from the center of on-the-water testing of that model.
  • Page 60: Engine Cooling Systems

    ® factors affecting performance and/or assistance with water cooling” system. This system provides adequate your selection, please consult your Four Winns dealer. engine cooling without exposing the internal engine to the detrimental effects of surface water, including salt, highly polluted or silt-laden water. The engine owners Engines, Drives and Instrumentation - Section E Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 61: Running Angle & Power Trim/Tilt

    Some boating areas require that additional water intake filters be installed. Reference Section P-3 - Equipment Installation, in this manual for installation instructions and consult your Four Winns dealer regarding any special equipment that may be re- quired. Should an engine intake or an exhaust or cooling hose rupture, turn the engine off and close the seacock immediately.
  • Page 62: Power Tilt

    Pressing the lower port trim tab switch will move the B. Power Tilt starboard trim tab upward. This will result in the port Power tilt allows the operator to raise and lower bow of the boat being allowed to rise. the drive unit for trailering, launching, and beaching.
  • Page 63: Trim Tab Maintenance

    Close observation of these instruments could at a lower engine and boat speed. save the engine from damage. After gaining plane and establishing cruising speed, The 258 and 278 Vista models have individual ® pressing both lower trim tab switches will cause both gauges in the dash panel as standard instrumentation.
  • Page 64: Speedometer

    When winterizing the boat, the speedometer tubing must be drained of water. Disconnect the speedome- ter hose at the pick-up assembly and at the gauge and blow through the tubing to remove the water. With the optional GPS/Navigational package the ability to monitor your speed is also available.
  • Page 65: Voltmeter - (Included In 4-In-1 Gauge)

    If the G. Power Trim Gauge engine shuts down because this switch was activated, the clip may have to be reinstalled on the interrupter The 258 and 278 Vista models equipped with stern ® switch before the engine can be started.
  • Page 66: Alarm System

    L. Alarm System Keep emergency stop switch lanyard free from The 258 and 278 Vista® models have an engine obstructions that could interfere with its alarm system installed. This is an audible alarm that is operation. Do not modify or remove emergency mounted in the helm area;...
  • Page 67 3. Depth Sounder A depth sounder is a standard feature on the 258 and 278 Vista models. The depth sounder consists of two ® main components, the transducer and the depth sounder. The transducer is mounted to the hull and the depth sounder is installed in the dash.
  • Page 68 4. Compass ‘Down” arrow keypads to adjust the reading to the desired depth. When the shallow depth setting is A compass is standard on the 258 and 278 Vista ® read by the depth sounder, the “SH” will flash on models.
  • Page 69: Instrument Maintenance

    The ignition switches and all instru- ments, controls, etc. should be protected from the weather when not in use. Four Winns offers appropri- ate weather covers for each model. Excessive expo- sure can lead to gauge and ignition switch difficulties.
  • Page 70: Control Systems

    NOTICE and shift cables. The control information included in this section is general only. For specific operation of the The 258 and 278 Vista stern drive models are ® controls on your boat, refer to the control equipped with single engine side-mount control with manufacturer’s literature and engine...
  • Page 71: Shifting And Control Speed

    2. To go FORWARD - move the shift/throttle lever(s) forward. Once forward gear engagement is complete, push shift/throttle lever(s) forward until desired speed is achieved. Trim/Tilt 3. To go in REVERSE - move the shift/throttle Switch lever(s) rearward. Once rearward gear engage- ment is complete, push shift/throttle lever(s) rearward until desired speed is achieved.
  • Page 72: Neutral Safety Switch

    Control or cable adjustments are required to correct this condition should it persist. See your Four Winns dealer for necessary control and cable adjustments. F - 4...
  • Page 73: Steering Systems

    A tilt steering wheel is A one piece cable runs from the drum assembly standard on the 258 and 278 Vista models. ® through the boat into the engine compartment.
  • Page 74: Propeller Torque

    Return the boat This condition is normal and can be corrected only by to your Four Winns dealer as soon as possible to increasing engine RPM. Wind, water currents and play correct the power steering system.
  • Page 75: Winter Storage

    If at any time the steering system becomes stiff, has an excessive amount of freeplay or shows any change in its operating characteristics, contact your Four Winns dealer to have the system inspected. Steering Systems - Section G Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 76: Electrical Systems

    H - 1 GENERAL 1. Connect each of the red (positive) battery cables All electrical equipment on the Four Winns 258 & 278 leading from the battery selector switch to the Vista models operates on 12 volts DC or 120 volts ®...
  • Page 77: Operation - Single Engine With Dual Battery System

    Battery #2 will be isolated and remain in reserve. the low, #2 battery. Only battery #1 will be charged by the alternator. 2. OFF/ON Battery Switch Operation - 278 Vista ® “2” - Turning the switch to position “2” will use battery #2.
  • Page 78: Battery Charger

    Alternator and wiring damage could result. Ignitions are protected by circuit breakers on the 258 & 278 Vista® models. Other equipment is protected “ON” - Turning the switch to position “ON” will use the by fuses located in the fuse block at the helm, below engine battery to power the engine and 12 volt engine the dash, on the starboard side.
  • Page 79: Installation Of Additional 12 Volt Equipment

    OFF” switches may be located in various areas of the cabin i.e. forward berthing area. Horn - To sound the horn, press the HORN switch. Forward Bilge Pump (278 Vista only) - The forward Navigation & Anchor Lights - Moving the NAV/ANC ®...
  • Page 80: 12 Volt Electrical System Shutdown Procedures

    The standard dockside system has a main circuit breaker which protects the overall Sump Pump - A sump pump is used to discharge distribution network. The 258 and 278 Vista models ® water from the shower and sink drains overboard.
  • Page 81: Shore Power Connections

    Some marinas are not equipped with approved twistlock-type receptacles. An adaptor is available B. 120 Volt AC Equipment from Four Winns which converts the twist-lock shore plug to a three-wire grounded household type plug. All 12 volt equipment is isolated from the 120 volt AC Use only an approved adaptor when an adaptor is system (except the refrigerator which is dual voltage).
  • Page 82: Reverse Polarity Indicator

    NOTICE EQUIPMENT ELECTRICAL LOADS DO NOT supply electrical power to an empty Air Conditioners See motor load plate water heater. Activate the FRESH WATER Battery Chargers Up to 800 watts (7.3 amps) switch to start the water pump and prime the Blankets (Electric) 50 to 200 watts (2 amps) system.
  • Page 83: Ground Fault Current Interrupters (Gfci)

    Check the bilge blower output H - 9 GENERATOR before each use. A generator is optional on the 258 and 278 Vista ® models. It provides 120 Volt (220V) AC power when the boat is away from the dock. The generator can be operated while running at or below cruising speed.
  • Page 84: Electrical Wiring Maintenance

    If stray current corrosion damage is found, determine and correct the cause of the stray current to prevent further damage. Consult an experienced marine electrician or contact your Four Winns dealer for assistance. Electrical Systems - Section H Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 85: Galvanic Corrosion

    The use of some shore power battery chargers, while the boat is in the water and the battery is connected to the system, can cause stray current corrosion. Have an experienced marine electrician review any battery charger installation to ensure a stray current corrosion problem will not develop.
  • Page 86 FIGURE H2: 258V GENERATOR OPTION (1 0F 3) Electrical Systems - Section H Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 87 FIGURE H3: 258V GENERATOR OPTION (2 0F 3) Electrical Systems - Section H Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 88 FIGURE H4: 258V GENERATOR OPTION (3 0F 3) Electrical Systems - Section H Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 89 FIGURE H5: 278V GENERATOR OPTION (1 0F 3) Electrical Systems - Section H Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 90 FIGURE H6: 278V GENERATOR OPTION (2 0F 3) Electrical Systems - Section H Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 91 FIGURE H7: 278V GENERATOR OPTION (3 0F 3) Electrical Systems - Section H Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 92: Fuel Systems

    Prior to taking delivery, it is important that a full in- spection be made of the entire fuel system by the sell- Gasoline fuel systems used in Four Winns boats are ing dealer. An entry on the Four Winns Pre-Delivery ® ®...
  • Page 93: Anti-Syphon Valves

    Spilled fuel is a fire hazard. DO NOT overfill The fuel withdrawals are positioned in the fuel or overflow the tank, or allow fuel spills into tanks to achieve optimum fuel usage, and fuel the hull or bilge. If spillage occurs, clean up line routing.
  • Page 94: Fuel Filters

    Four Winns. When the fuel gauge begins to register below the “full” mark, the gauge readings will drop much faster To help guard against damage, avoid the until it reads”...
  • Page 95: Problems With Alcohol In Gasoline

    A. Problems with Alcohol in Gasoline Avoid serious injury or death from fire or Below is a list of problems which may be experienced explosion resulting from leaking fuel. Inspect when using blended gasoline. system for leaks at least once a year. 1.
  • Page 96 (Nozzle in contact with fuel opening. Grounding the fuel hose - proper) (Nozzle not in contact with fuel opening. Not grounding the fuel hose - Improper) Figure I-6: Grounding Fuel Hose 5. After fueling: a. Replace all fill caps securely. b.
  • Page 97: Water And Waste Systems

    1/4 cup of Clorox or Purex household ™ ™ Four Winns website at www.fourwinns.com. Tank bleach (5% sodium hypochlorite solution). This monitoring systems are optional on the 258 and 278 is recommended for each 15 gallons of tank Vista models.
  • Page 98: Pressurized Water System

    OFF whenever the water tank is to remain drain slowly. If the system is not operating properly, empty for an extended period of time. have it checked by your authorized Four Winns dealer. C. Water Heating Systems A water heater is a standard feature available on the...
  • Page 99: Using The Shower

    SHORE WATER CONNECTION temperature is obtained. Shore water connection is standard on the 258 and A shower sump pump is incorporated into the drain 278 Vista models. This feature allows the direct ® system of the shower. The shower drains into the connection of a city or shoreside water supply to the sump pump located forward of the aft cabin.
  • Page 100: Transom Shower

    For the See Section J-1 for general water system information holding capacity, please refer to our Four Winns and instructions on filling the water tank. The water website at www.fourwinns.com. The toilet is a left tank will not be filled while connected to shore water.
  • Page 101: Vacuflush ® Sanitation System (Optional)

    Sanitation System - Optional ® The VacuFlush sanitation system is optional on the ® 258 and 278 Vista models. The system eliminates the ® unpleasant sulfide odors which plague saltwater systems. Flush water is no longer drawn through the through-hull fittings, seacock, and vented loop. It also...
  • Page 102: Head With Overboard Discharge

    C. Head With Overboard Discharge 3. Turn the overboard discharge switch off. This option is available on the 258 and 278 Vista ® 4. Turn the head discharge valve handle to the models.
  • Page 103: System Maintenance

    The waste holding tank should be emptied upon visual J - 7 SYSTEM MAINTENANCE inspection of the waste holding tank and determining the waste holding tank’s capacity is almost full or by Information supplied with water and waste system using the waste level indicator if so equipped. Waste components by the equipment manufacturers is level indicators are typically located in the head.
  • Page 104: Winterizing The Water System

    Inspect and clean the shower sump every 30 days. Some water will always be in the compartment. Sediment and other debris will buildup and affect the automatic bilge switch and pump operation. Remove the pump’s cover and clean the screen. The screen will become blocked and the pump will not operate properly.
  • Page 105 FIGURE J11: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (1 OF 6) Refer to the following 258V - Fresh Water System pages for detail views. Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 106 FIGURE J12: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (2 OF 6) ROUTING LAYOUT Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 107 FIGURE J13: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (3 OF 6) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 108 FIGURE J14: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (4 OF 6) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 109 FIGURE J15: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (5 OF 6) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 110 FIGURE J16: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (6 OF 6) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 111 FIGURE J17: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM - HOT (1 OF 3) Refer to the following 258V - Fresh Water System - Hot pages for detail views. Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 112 FIGURE J18: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM - HOT (2 OF 3) ROUTING LAYOUT Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 113 FIGURE J19: 258V FRESH WATER SYSTEM - HOT (3 OF 3) AFT SHOWER - FRONT VIEW Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 114 FIGURE J20: 258V HEAD HARDWARE Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 115 FIGURE J21: 258 WASTE WATER SYSTEM (1 OF 5) Refer to the following 258V - Waste Water System pages for detail views. Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 116 FIGURE J22: 258V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (2 OF 5 ROUTING LAYOUT Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 117 FIGURE J23: 258V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (3 OF 5) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 118 FIGURE J24: 258V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (4 OF 5) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 119 FIGURE J25: 258V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (5 OF 5) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 120 FIGURE J26: 258V GREY WATER SYSTEM OPTION (1 OF 2) Refer to the following 258V - Grey Water System Option page for detail views. Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 121 FIGURE J27: 258V GREY WATER SYSTEM OPTION (2 OF 2) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 122 FIGURE J28: 278V FRESH WATER SYSTEM OPTION (1 OF 6) Refer to the following 278V - Fresh Water System pages for detail views. Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 123 FIGURE J29: 278V FRESH WATER SYSTEM OPTION (2 OF 6) ROUTING LAYOUT Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 124 FIGURE J30: 278V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (3 OF 6) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 125 FIGURE J31: 278V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (4 OF 6) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 126 FIGURE J32: 278V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (5 OF 6) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 127 FIGURE J33: 278V FRESH WATER SYSTEM (6 OF 6) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 128 FIGURE J34: 278V HEAD HARDWARE Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 129 FIGURE J35: 278V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (1 OF 5) Refer to the following 278V - Wsste Water System pages for detail views. Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 130 FIGURE J36: 278V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (2 OF 5) ROUTING LAYOUT Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 131 FIGURE J37: 278V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (3 OF 5) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 132 FIGURE J38: 278V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (4 OF 5) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 133 FIGURE J39: 278V WASTE WATER SYSTEM (5 OF 5) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 134 FIGURE J40: 278V GREY WATER SYSTEM OPTION (1 OF 2) Refer to the following 278V - Grey Water System Option page for detail views. Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 135 FIGURE J41: 278V GREY WATER SYSTEM OPTION (2 OF 2) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 136 FIGURE J42: 258/278V HEAD VACUFLUSH SYSTEM OPTION (1 OF 2) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 137 FIGURE J43: 258/278V HEAD VACUFLUSH SYSTEM OPTION (2 OF 2) ROUTING LAYOUT Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 138 FIGURE J44: 258/278V HEAD OVERBOARD DISCHARGE SYSTEM OPTION (1 OF 2) Refer to the following 258/278V - Overboard Discharge System Option page for detail views. Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 139 FIGURE J45: 258/278V HEAD OVERBOARD DISCHARGE SYSTEM OPTION (2 OF 2) Water and Waste Systems - Section J Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 140: Ventilation And Drainage Systems

    K - 2 CABIN VENTILATION B. Forced Air Ventilation The 258 and 278 Vista cabins are equipped with a ® deck hatch for ventilation. The aft cabin window also All Four Winns Vista models are equipped with an ®...
  • Page 141: Bilge Pumps

    C. Sump A sump box is installed in the floor, just forward of the B. Bilge Pumps aft cabin. See the 258 and 278 Vista locator drawing ® at the back of this manual. It is equipped with an...
  • Page 142: Interior Equipment

    Electric Stove A. Electric Stove Refrigerator A flush-mount electric stove with a single-burner is standard on the 258 and 278 Vista models. See ® Figures L1 and L2 for stove and other appliance Figure L1: 258V Galley locations. A circuit breaker (RANGE) is provided in the Air Conditioner 120 Volt AC cabin electrical panel.
  • Page 143: Refreshment Center

    Also, the 258 and 278 Vista comes equipped with a ® satelite stereo receiver (domestic only). Please see Courtesy Light your Four Winns dealer for information and activation. 36-Quart Removable Cooler Available options include 6-disc CD changer, stereo upgrade (to include amplifier, 10” subwoofer and...
  • Page 144: L - 4 Air Conditioning Option

    See Figures L8 - L13 and the locator drawings cause damage to the air conditioning system. in the back of this manual. The seawater inlet valve is identified with a plate Air conditioners utilized in Four Winns Vista models ®...
  • Page 145 NOTICE During cold conditions, an alternate or supple- mental heating system should be used. Clean the sea water strainer often. Also, clean the return air filter screens, located behind the louvered doors and grills, at least once a month. To winterize, refer to the manufacturer’s literature included in the owner’s packet.
  • Page 146 FIGURE L8: 258V AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OPTION (1 of 3) Interior Equipment - Section L Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 147 FIGURE L9: 258V AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OPTION (2 of 3) Interior Equipment - Section L Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 148 FIGURE L10: 258V AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OPTION (3 of 3) Interior Equipment - Section L Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 149 FIGURE L11: 278V AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OPTION (1 of 3) Interior Equipment - Section L Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 150 FIGURE L12: 278V AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OPTION (2 of 3) Interior Equipment - Section L Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 151 FIGURE L13: 278V AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OPTION (3 of 3) Interior Equipment - Section L Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 152: Exterior Equipment

    Four Winns boats are not equipped with any ® Four Winns does not recommend occupying hardware designed for towing purposes. The the foredeck during bad weather or on rough mooring cleats that are installed on the boat seas. DO NOT use walk-thru instead use deck...
  • Page 153: M - 3 Companionway Door

    2) Using your bare hand, along with plenty of water, M - 3 COMPANIONWAY DOOR feel and remove any dried on dirt or mud. 258 and 278 Vista models have a combination hinged ® 3) Wash using a soft, grit free cloth or sponge and door (w/screen) and sliding hatch assembly for gain- mild, nonabrasive soap or detergent.
  • Page 154: B. Plexiglass

    Figure M5: Access to Walk-Thru Windshield Plexiglass (acrylic plastic) is used for port holes, companionway door assemblies, transom doors, Four Winns does not recommend occupying sliding storage doors, electrical panel doors, cabinets the foredeck during bad weather or on rough and cabin windows.
  • Page 155 Damage to the hatch may result. Keep hands and fingers away from ladder M - 6 SWIM PLATFORM supports and hinges to prevent injury. Four Winns provides an aft, integrated swim platform on the 258-278 Vista models. For better footing, a NOTICE ®...
  • Page 156: M - 8 Transom Storage Locker

    Anchor See Figure M10. Figure M11: Integrated Bow Platform M - 10 WINDLASS OPTION - 278 Vista ® ONLY An optional windlass is an electrically controlled winch mechanism for retrieving the anchor available on the 278 Vista model.
  • Page 157: M - 12 Spotlight

    See Figures M, M and M. Figure M13: Chain Stop M - 11 RADAR ARCH - 278 Vista ® Only Figure M15: Remote Spotlight - Bow Rail Mounted The optional radar arch is swept forward in design.
  • Page 158 The engine hatch can be lifted without the screw jack. Use care and proper lifting Screw Jack techniques to prevent possible back injury. Do not have person(s) sitting in stern seat or standing on engine hatch while attempting to raise engine hatch. Possible injury to person(s) and/or damage to engine hatch and components may result.
  • Page 159: Upholstery

    Upholstery N - 1 INTERIOR SEATING A. Dinette Table A cherry dinette is standard on 258 and 278 Vista ® models located in the V-berth /forward cabin area Table bases are “flush” mounted for convenience. Table legs are removable. Rotating the leg while lifting will ease the removal.
  • Page 160: C. Mid Cabin (Aft Cabin) Berth

    Storage in the mid cabin consists of an sidewall Figures N6 and N7. cabinet and a hanging closet. Overhead storage is found in the 278 Vista . Also, access lids are installed ® below mid cabin cushions for gaining access to and the servicing of various plumbing systems and other equipment.
  • Page 161: N - 2 Exterior Seating

    The seat could also be dam- 3. Place the aft fill-in cushion on the fill-in support. aged if excessive force is applied. To remove the aft fill-in cushion, simply reverse the B. U-Shaped Stern Seat - 278 Vista ®- procedure. (Standard) & 258 Vista (Optional) ®...
  • Page 162: D. Cockpit Table

    Figure N13: Aft Cockpit Table To set up the cockpit table: Figure N12: Mediterranean SunSport Seating 1. Insert the table legs (approximately 26.5" long) into the floor mounts. To place the stern seat into the lounge position: 2. Mount the cockpit table onto the table legs. 1.
  • Page 163: N - 3 Interior Upholstery Care

    This will remove the stain from the fabric. It is always best to get the stain before it dries. Figure N14: 258 and 278 Vista Sundeck Pads ® b. For water stains that have dried, use a deep cleaner vacuum system.
  • Page 164: C. Privacy Curtains

    Always conduct a colorfast check on a small area of A recommended “Cleaning Kit” includes: carpet prior to applying the cleaning solution/shampoo on the entire carpet. • Ivory Dishwashing Liquid and water ™ • Clean, white towels C. Privacy Curtains •...
  • Page 165: B. Exterior Carpets

    Four Winns offers a variety of weather covers for protection of the boat and associated equipment. Continued exposure can damage the upholstery and seating. The seating can become thoroughly saturated with water if not adequately protected.
  • Page 166: C. Cleaning And Maintenance

    N - 5 REPLACEMENT UPHOLSTERY C. Cleaning and Maintenance Should upholstery become severely soiled, torn, or in The following information should be useful in helping some manner damaged, replacement upholstery you keep your carpet looking well maintained. cushions are available. Larger upholstery items have Carpet made with Olefin fiber possesses built-in ™...
  • Page 167: Weather Covers

    A bimini top and camper ® heavy rain can cause severe damage to the is standard on the 258 & 278 Vista® models. Four material or top structure. Refer to O- - Winter Winns covers are designed and intended to provide ®...
  • Page 168: O - 3 Trailering

    9) Clean canvas with warm water, mild soap and a Bimini Top soft brush. For the clear Isinglass pieces use a soft, clean cloth. Be certain to rinse cloth often to remove any dirt collected in the cloth that could scratch the clear vinyl. 10) Make sure your bimini top and camper top are properly centered prior to installing the Isinglass enclosure.
  • Page 169 Installing valances: NOTICE Adjustable Bow Style Models 1) Valances (Arch Boats) - small areas of canvas When attaching windshield connector and side curtain -are use to attach larger canvas pieces to curtains you may want to adjust your bows to the vessel.
  • Page 170 Both the bimini and camper canvas have been designed and are intended to remain installed on the boat in the upright “stored” position. Four Winns does not recommend the bimini and/or camper assembly be removed from the boat unless absolutely necessary ie. winter Figure O6: Camper Canvas storage.
  • Page 171 6) Zip the camper top to the camper top valance for 10) Snap to boot. radar arch boats) or zip the camper top to the 11) Secure and smooth all velcro. bimini top on boats without a radar arch. 7) Adjust the support poles to create tension on the top.
  • Page 172 Do not operate the vessel with the cockpit that replacement parts are needed, contact cover installed due to the potential for carbon your Four Winns dealer. monoxide gas build-up. 2) Find the center point on the canvas and attach it to the center point of the windshield.
  • Page 173: O - 8 Winter Storage

    A winter storage cover is advisable. shrinkage. Many marine dealers offer shrinkwrap enclosures for outdoor storage. See a Four Winns dealer for informa- 3. Chemicals cause decay if allowed to accumulate tion on the availability of winter storage covers or other for long periods of time.
  • Page 174: Fiberglass And Hull

    This ensures a strong, rigid hull, permanently formed during the boating season. into a solid assembly, free of distortions. Four Winns utilizes fade-fighting gel coat in the Fiberglass cockpit liners and seat base are construct- exterior finish. It is specially formulated to resist fading ed similar to the hull.
  • Page 175: B. Weathering Effects On Gel Coat

    Make sure product is formulated for gel coat surfaces. something. Also, consult a Four Winns dealer for their recom- mendations. Yellowing is gel coat which has a yellow cast and streaking usually deals with a stain or contact with NOTICE another surface.
  • Page 176: C. Stains

    If this does 1. Avoid working in direct sunlight. This dries out the not work, consult your Four Winns dealer for profes- wax or compound, and can stain the surface. sional assistance.
  • Page 177: C. Osmotic Blistering

    (ultraviolet). For this reason, antifouling paint, etc. from the immediate area. “matching” gel coat obtained from Four Winns may DO NOT excessively scratch or gouge the not match the gel color of a boat that has been surrounding area.
  • Page 178: P - 6 Anti-Fouling Paint

    Proper support of the hull while it is out of the water prevent the possibility of reoccurrence of blisters. Your is imperative. Due to the design complexities, Four Winns dealer or local ship store will have informa- Four Winns does not recommend trailers or storage tion on barrier coat products.
  • Page 179 Figure P2: 258 Vista® Bottom Paint Line Location Figure P3: 278 Vista® Bottom Paint Line Location Exterior Equipment - Section P Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 180: Woodwork And Composites

    Q - 2 CHERRY Q - 4 LAMINATED FIBERGLASS Four Winns uses actual cherry wood for the dinette Certain components such as cockpit tables, seat table. The wood is prepared with a light stain followed bases, storage tubs, storage lids/doors, ect. may by a polyurethane finish.
  • Page 181: Q - 5 Woodgrain Enhancements

    DO NOT use abrasive cleaners or solvents on Woodgrain enhancements are available on the 258 & countertop. DO NOT use Soft Scrub™ soap or 278 Vista models. They consist of a finished synthet- ® similar cleaning products; they will scratch the ic burlwood.
  • Page 182 Flexiteek is made up of a composite PVC based material with a surprising similarity and look to that of real teak. Flexiteek can be cleaned with mild dish- washing detergent. Please contact your Four Winns dealer for further details. Woodwork and Composites - Section Q...
  • Page 183: General Maintenance

    General Maintenance R - 1 WINTERIZATION 4. Be sure all the water is completely drained from the fresh water system. Disconnect all hoses, check valves, etc. and blow all the water from the A. Prior to Lifting for Winter Lay-up system using very low air pressure.
  • Page 184: C. Prior To Winter Storage

    D-Con™ in a number of areas around the boat. Be NOTICE sure dishes are placed near the head and the The Four Winns installed flush out kit for Volvo engines, as rodents will destroy upholstery, water Penta engines is identified by a transom deck ®...
  • Page 185 Periodically check hoses for abrasions. NOTICE The Four Winns installed flush out kit for MerCruiser engines may be used with the ® boat in or out of the water and the engine ON.
  • Page 186: R - 3 General Maintenance Schedule

    R - 3 GENERAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE i l o e l l e l l l l u t t i e l t t f i c i r e t t e t t t l o o i t t l o o i t o i t...
  • Page 187 & & & & l i t & t t i m (If Applicable) i l i * Or as Required General Maintenance - Section R Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 188 l l u l l u & & Clean Plexiglass Components * Or as Required General Maintenance - Section R Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 189: Trailer Information

    Manufacturers Association’s trailer requirements. side of the trailer. The Gross Vehicle Weight Rating Four Winns manufactures bunk type trailers for the (GVWR) is the load-carrying capacity plus the weight applicable models only. The bunks are located of the trailer itself.
  • Page 190: C. Hitches

    5% and 10% of the total weight of the boat, tion for additional information on hitches. Also, consult fuel, gear and trailer. If the downward weight on the your Four Winns dealer for his recommendation Trailer Information - Section S Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 191 Pivot the tongue towards the trailer coupler. Replacement parts may be ordered as far as it will go. through a Four Winns dealer. To reinstall, follow this procedure in reverse order. The trailer tongue is hinged or removable on our painted trailers and galvanized trailers.
  • Page 192: C. Swivel Jack

    3. Disconnect the brake line coupler. NOTICE The tongue will exert some pressure on the 4. Remove the clevis pin keeper and clevis pin. clevis pins. It may be necessary to lift, push or wiggle the tongue to remove the clevis pin. NOTICE The tongue will exert some pressure on the clevis pins.
  • Page 193: D. Coupling Assembly

    Always remember to swivel jack to the horizontal position before towing the trailer. Damage to the caster and jack may result. Figure S5: Brake Actuator & Coupling Assembly The swivel jack provided on the Four Winns trailer ® For boat models with the Surge Brake Actuator and...
  • Page 194: F. Winch

    F. Winch tire covers are available as an option and will match the trailer. Winch operating instructions are listed below. The tires installed on Four Winns trailers meet the ® To release the winch, place the ratchet in the trailer load requirements for each model. Before REVERSE or NEUTRAL position.
  • Page 195: H. Spare Tire Carrier

    H. Spare Tire Carrier information is noted on the tire and in the manufactur- er’s literature included in the owner’s packet. Spare tires are optional on all Four Winns trailers. ® Mag wheels include a locking-type nut to help deter A spare tire carrier is bolted to the trailer frame and is available in painted or galvanized finish.
  • Page 196: A. Hitching Trailer

    There are two types of tie-downs being used: The tie-down is a mechanical ratchet device. To allow line out, follow the procedures below: 1. Bow Tie-downs: A bow stop to hold the front of your boat in place is located on the winch stand. 1.
  • Page 197 Use of a padlock will help to deter theft. per. See Figure S. Always allow slack for turns. Four Winns provides securement clips for the 7. Connect actuator break-away cable S-hook se- safety chain/cable hooks and recommends you curely to one of the tow vehicle hitch’s safety chain...
  • Page 198 BOTH the trailer’s coupler Be sure to read the manufacturer’s literature, included and safety chains/cables have failed and in the owner’s packet, before towing your Four Winns ® allowed the trailer to completely separate from boat and trailer.
  • Page 199: S - 4 Trailering

    Set the year. Be sure to read all manufacturer’s vehicle’s parking brake. literature supplied with your Four Winns ® trailer. Insert a 5” x 7/16” bolt or screwdriver into the reverse lockout position hole (upper hole on side of actuator).
  • Page 200: B. Tactics

    In most cases, touch-up paint can be ordered. Please 3. Use low gear (on manual transmissions) when contact a Four Winns dealer for assistance. traveling up steep hills or over sand, gravel, or dirt roads.
  • Page 201: C. Swivel Jack

    Replacement silicone spray. Replacement parts may be ordered parts may be ordered through your Four Winns dealer. through a Four Winns dealer. For more information on maintenance, refer to the H.
  • Page 202: J. Bearings

    If the brakes need bleeding, consult your Four Winns dealer for assistance. If unavailable, a brake or auto 1. Broken axle repair facility can perform the repair.
  • Page 203 Be sure to replace the seal using the recommended replacement parts. Parts can be obtained from your Four Winns dealer. 2. When inspecting the bearing, check for corrosion and wear. If any rust or wear exists on the bear- ing, then remove and replace with the recom- mended parts listed in the table above.
  • Page 204: Pre-Launch And Underway

    Pre-Launch and Underway T - 1 LAUNCH AND CRUISE CHECKLIST Get a current weather report. If the weather will not be favorable, postpone your trip. If your boat has been out of the water, check to see that all bilge water has drained out. Install hull drain plugs.
  • Page 205: A. Recommendations

    C. Pumping Fuel T - 2 FUELING Follow engine manufacturer’s recommenda- Do not smoke, extinguish all open flames, tions for types of fuel and oil. Use of improper STOP all engines and other devices that could products can damage the engine and void the cause sparks, including the bilge blower.
  • Page 206: T - 4 Starting Procedures

    T - 3 LOADING PASSENGERS AND GEAR A. Preliminary Checks 1. Secure boat to the dock before attempting to start When loading your boat, remember to distribute the engine. The boat should be kept secure until the load evenly. Keep the load low and do not overload. engine is running and warmed up.
  • Page 207: T - 5 Maneuvering

    7. Inspect for fuel odors and visible leaks in the fuel, If you move the bow out first, watch that the stern oil, coolant, exhaust and power steering systems. of the boat does not swing into the dock or a piling. 8.
  • Page 208: T - 6 Acceleration

    T - 6 ACCELERATION short of porpoising or propeller cavitation, under ideal running conditions. Trim your boat to compensate for seas, winds, or Before accelerating to bring you boat on plane, uneven loads. be sure that the area in front of your boat is clear.
  • Page 209: T - 8 Navigation Lights

    throttle, immediately lower the drive trim and reduce the throttle until the slipping stops. If necessary, have your dealer reset the trim limit switch (if provided) to avoid over-trimming in the future. If the prop slips at lower planing speeds, the drive may be trimmed too high.
  • Page 210: T - 9 Hazardous Conditions

    Your boat has one white (stern), one red (port) and one • Close and secure all portals and hatches. Stow green (starboard) light. The stern light may be a all loose gear below deck and tie down any gear removable pole light. To use the light, line up the two- required to remain on deck.
  • Page 211: C. Running Aground

    C. Running Aground • Navigation markers serve as a means of identify- ing navigable routes and indicate water hazards. Boaters should become familiar with navigation markers and stay within marked boundaries and To prevent boat damage, DO NOT use deck clear of hazards.
  • Page 212: E. Collision

    • Move throttles to idle position immediately and yell 1. Make sure all persons aboard are wearing their PFDs. “MAN OVERBOARD. ” 2. If the fire is small, attempt to put it out with your • Throw some floating object overboard immedi- ately.
  • Page 213: G. Medical Emergency

    • Allow only a qualified marine electrician to service level of reservoir and drive pump belt. If the steering is the boats electrical system. not operating properly, do not operate the boat and call for assistance. G. Medical Emergency K. Additional Underway Information Accidents while boating can and may happen.
  • Page 214: B. Mooring

    If the weather looks bad, use spring-lines from the If you are mooring your boat for a short time, bow and bow and stern to dock amidships of the boat. Tie up stern lines may be the only lines you will need. If you on the downwind side of the dock.
  • Page 215: Glossary

    Glossary ABAFT - Toward the rear of a boat. BILGE - The lowest interior area of a hull, used to collect water that has entered. ABEAM - At right angles to the keel of the boat. BILGE PUMP - A pump intended for removal of spray, ABOARD - On the boat.
  • Page 216 CAPSTAN - A machine that moves a cylindrical DEAD RECKONING - A plot of courses steered and device on a shaft for the purpose of hauling up an distances traveled through the water. anchor. DECK - A permanent covering over a compartment, CAST OFF - To let go.
  • Page 217 EVEN KEEL - To be floating evenly without listing to FREEBOARD - The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale. either side. FREQUENCY - The number of crests passing a fixed EXHAUST SYSTEM - The means by which the hot engine (or generator) exhaust gases are moved from point at a given time.
  • Page 218 HARDTOP - A permanent cover over the cabin or ISOTHERMS - Isotherms are lines that are similar to cockpit. Isobars except that Isotherms connect all the points that are of equal temperature. HAWSER - A heavy rope or cable used for mooring or towing.
  • Page 219 MODEL DESIGNATOR - Model identifier or model POINT - One of 32 points of the compass that is equal name. to 11-1/4 degrees. MOORING - An arrangement for securing a boat PORT - 1. Looking forward, the left side of a boat, to a mooring buoy or pier.
  • Page 220 SHACKLE - A “U” shaped connector with a pin STRUT - A propeller shaft support that is below or bolt across the open end. the hull. SHAFT - The long, round member that connects SUMP - A pit or well into which water is drained. the engine or transmission to the propeller.
  • Page 221 WATER LINE - The line of the water on the hull when the vessel is afloat. WATCH - A 4 hour duty period while at sea. WAVES - Waves are periodic disturbances of the sea’s surface, caused by wind, seaquakes, and the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun.
  • Page 222: Float Plan

    DO NOT file this plan with the Coast Guard. Name ________________________________________________ Telephone ______________________________ Description of Boat __________________________ Type _________ Color ____________ Trim ____________ Registration Number ___________________________________________________________________________ Length ___________________ Name __________________________ Make ____________________________ Four Winns ® Hull Identification Number ___________________________________________________ Other Information _____________________________________________________________________________ Persons Aboard: Name...
  • Page 223: Fuel Log

    Fuel Log Fuel Log Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 224 Fuel Log Fuel Log Owner’s Manual Page 0...
  • Page 225 Fuel Log Fuel Log Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 226: Service Log

    Service Log Service Log Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 227 Service Log Service Log Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 228 Service Log Service Log Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 229: Service Information

    Service Information & & Service Information Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 230: Vista Locator Drawing

    258 Vista Locator Drawing ® (Note: Representative Location Only - availability and locations of equipment may vary depending on optional equipment installed. Locations and availability is subject to change without notice). Locator Drawing Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 231: Locator Drawing

    278 Vista Locator Drawing ® (Note: Representative Location Only - availability and locations of equipment may vary depending on optional equipment installed. Locations and availability is subject to change without notice). Locator Drawing Owner’s Manual Page ...
  • Page 232: Electrical Schematics

    INSTRUMENTS INSTRUMENTS POWER DASH RET DASH LIGHTS OIL PRESSURE LT BLU GAS VAPOR DETECTOR WATER TEMPERATURE TACHOMETER OIL PRESSURE FOUR WINNS PARTS LIST FUNCTION MANUFACTURER ITEM PART NUMBER QUANTITY DESCRIPTION 028-0177 RECEPT,FASTON,.250,18-14 WATER TEMPERATURE 028-0189 TERM, RING, PG, #8, 16-14...
  • Page 233 ORN/RED 14AWG 028-1902 SWITCH,DPDT,(ON)-OFF-(ON) TRIM TABS CARL 028-1902 SWITCH,DPDT,(ON)-OFF-(ON) TRIM TABS CARL 028-1907 SWITCH,SPST,ON-OFF ACCESSORY CARL 258/278 VISTA IGNITION SWITCH 028-1907 SWITCH,SPST,ON-OFF ACCESSORY CARL 028-1100 RECEPT,12V AFI 12V RECEPTACLE PANEL ASSEMBLY W/OUT SEAKEY CB05 028-0467 BREAKER,15A IGNITION Owner’s Manual Page 229...
  • Page 234 WINDLASS CARL 028-1901 SWITCH,SPST,ON-OFF BLOWER CARL 028-1897 SWITCH,SPST,ON-OFF BILGE CARL 12V RECEPTACLE 028-1896 SWITCH,SPST,(ON)-OFF HORN CARL 258/278 VISTA IGNITION SWITCH 025-2000 SWITCH,IGNITION IGNITION SWITCH GENERAL ORN/RED 14AWG 028-1902 SWITCH,DPDT,(ON)-OFF-(ON) TRIM TABS CARL PANEL ASSEMBLY W/SEAKEY 028-1902 SWITCH,DPDT,(ON)-OFF-(ON) TRIM TABS CARL...
  • Page 235 028-1896 SWITCH,SPST,(ON)-OFF HORN CARL 12V RECEPTACLE SWITCH,IGN VOLVO D4, D6 278V IGNITION SWITCH VOLVO 028-1902 SWITCH,DPDT,(ON)-OFF-(ON) TRIM TABS CARL 258/278 VISTA IGNITION SWITCH ORN/RED 14AWG 028-1902 SWITCH,DPDT,(ON)-OFF-(ON) TRIM TABS CARL 028-1959 SWITCH,SPST,(ON)-OFF EMERGENCY START CARL PANEL ASSEMBLY W/OUT SEAKEY 028-1907...
  • Page 236 CARL 028-1906 SWITCH,DPDT,(ON)-OFF-(ON) WINDLASS CARL 028-1901 SWITCH,SPST,ON-OFF BLOWER CARL 028-1897 SWITCH,SPST,ON-OFF BILGE CARL 278 VISTA (DIESEL) IGNITION SWITCH 028-1896 SWITCH,SPST,(ON)-OFF HORN CARL 12V RECEPTACLE SWITCH,IGN VOLVO D4, D6 278V IGNITION SWITCH VOLVO 028-1902 SWITCH,DPDT,(ON)-OFF-(ON) TRIM TABS CARL PANEL ASSEMBLY W/SEAKEY...
  • Page 237 TO VOLVO HARNESS 027-2904 RED/BLU HARNESS ASSY, FIREBOY INTERCONNECT, DIESEL PORT IGN. +12V. DC STRBD. IGN. +12V. DC GEN. IGN. +12V. DC FIREBOY VOLVO D3 SINGLE 258/278 VISTA - DIESEL (SINGLE D3) FIREBOY CONNECTIONS Owner’s Manual Page 233 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 238 YEL/BLK SW. GROUND BLK/YEL 027-2904 HARNESS ASSY, FIREBOY INTERCONNECT, DIESEL PORT IGN. +12V. DC STRBD. IGN. +12V. DC GEN. IGN. +12V. DC FIREBOY VOLVO D4/D6 SINGLE 258/278 VISTA - DIESEL (SINGLE D4/D6) FIREBOY CONNECTIONS Owner’s Manual Page 234 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 239 BATT 1 BATT 2 BATTERY CHARGER FEEDER RED 12AWG RED 12AWG RED 12AWG CB02 CB01 RED 12AWG CB03 FOUR WINNS PARTS LIST 12 6 ITEM PART NUMBER QUANTITY DESCRIPTION FUNCTION MANUFACTURER BOLT, FHOHMS, 10-32 X 1" BATTERY SWITCH 028-0177 TERM,FASTON,.250,18-14...
  • Page 240 FUSE HOLDER,PACKARD,ATC BATTERY CHARGER PACKARD FH02 028-0526 FUSE HOLDER,PACKARD,ATC BATTERY CHARGER PACKARD 028-1912 SWITCH, BATTERY BATTERY SWITCH BLUE SEA RY01 028-1753 RELAY, BATTERY SWITCH PANEL EMERGENCY START SIERRA 278 VISTA BATTERY SWITCH PANEL ASSEMBLY Owner’s Manual Page 236 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 241 ISOLATOR INDICATOR DC POWER BOAT GRN GEN IN CHARGER WATER HEATER PANEL LTS SHORE GND MICOWAVE REFRIGERATOR RANGE AIR CONDITIONING OUTLETS OUTLETS SHORE IN 258/278 VISTA AC PANEL ASSEMBLY W/OUT GENERATOR (1 of 2) Owner’s Manual Page 237 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 242 INDICATOR PNL LT. YEL 14AWG BLU 14AWG BLU 14AWG +12V DC IN YEL 14AWG DC POWER -12V DC RET GRN 10AWG TO BOAT GND 258/278 VISTA AC PANEL ASSEMBLY W/OUT GENERATOR (2 of 2) Owner’s Manual Page 238 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 243 PANEL LTS GEN IN WATER HEATER CHARGER BLOWER SHORE GND GENERATOR MICOWAVE REFRIGERATOR RANGE AIR CONDITIONING OUTLETS OUTLETS SHORE IN 258/278 VISTA AC PANEL ASSEMBLY 258 Vista Stop Date: 12/12/05 W/ GENERATOR (1 of 2) Owner’s Manual Page 239 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 244 FAULT INDICATOR BLU 14AWG +12V DC IN YEL 14AWG DC POWER -12V DC RET GRN 10AWG TO BOAT GND 258/278 VISTA AC PANEL ASSEMBLY W/ GENERATOR (2 of 2) 258 Vista Stop Date: 12/12/05 Owner’s Manual Page 240 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 245 FOUR WINNS PARTS LIST ITEM PART NUMBER QUANTITY DESCRIPTION FUNCTION MANUFACTURER 028-0442 RECEPTACLE, UMNL 4 CKT 028-0441 RECEPTACLE, UMNL 2 CKT 028-0441 RECEPTACLE, UMNL 2 CKT 028-0441 RECEPTACLE, UMNL 2 CKT 028-0447 PLUG, UMNL 2 CKT TERMINATE WITH BLOWER IN...
  • Page 246 PANEL BLANK STAND OFF BACK PLATE DS03 DS04 TB02 TB02 MM01 025-3143 AC VOLTS TB03 TB03 TB04 BLOWER START TB04 GEN IN DS01 1.118 DS02 WATER HEATER CHARGER CB10 CB09 MICOWAVE REFRIGERATOR TB01 CB01 PANEL CB08 RANGE AIR CONDITIONING CHARGER CB02 WATER CB03...
  • Page 247 GRN 10AWG GRN 12AWG GRN 12AWG GRN 10AWG GRN 12AWG MM01 GRN 12AWG AC LOAD VOLTAGE GRN 12AWG GRN 12AWG GRN 12AWG FOUR WINNS PARTS LIST GRN 12AWG ITEM PART NUMBER QUANTITY DESCRIPTION FUNCTION MANUFACTURER TB02 SHORE 1 028-0177 RECEPT,FASTON,.250...
  • Page 248 258 VISTA GENERATOR DC HARNESS ASSEMBLY Start Date: 12/12/05 Owner’s Manual Page 244 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 249 Shore Power Inlet Installation Galvanic Isolator Installation SHORE POWER INLET & GALVANIC ISOLATOR INSTALLATION Owner’s Manual Page 245 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 250 ORN/BRN 14AWG TOILET IN TOILET BRN 14AWG TOILET TOILET NOT USED BRN 14AWG NOT USED TOILET LIGHT NOT USED NOT USED LIGHT TOILET HEAD SWITCH 12 6 024-2456 258/278 VISTA HEAD LIGHT/TOILET PANEL ASSEMBLY Owner’s Manual Page 246 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 251 CABIN SWITCH FOUR WINNS PARTS LIST BLU/RED 14AWG PANEL RET ITEM PART NUMBER QUANTITY DESCRIPTION FUNCTION MANUFACTURER BLU/BLK 028-0177 RECEPT,FASTON,.250,18-14 028-0390 PIN,UMNL,18-14 BLU/RED 14AWG CABIN LTS IN BLU/BLK 025-2288 PANEL,BLANK,CABIN LTS BLU/RED 14AWG CABIN LTS 028-0451 PLUG,UMNL,12 CKT CABIN SWITCH...
  • Page 252 CABIN LT SWITCH JUMPER FORWARD COCKPIT LIGHTS CABIN LIGHTS FRESH WATER BILGE PUMP FRESH WATER FORWARD COCKPIT CABIN PUMP BILGE LIGHTS LIGHTS CABIN SWITCH 12 6 LOW LEVEL LIGHTS 278 VISTA CABIN LIGHTS PANEL ASSEMBLY 025-2183 Owner’s Manual Page 248 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 253 258/278 VISTA DECK SYSTEM HARNESS ASSEMBLY Owner’s Manual Page 249 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 254 GALLEY 028-0442 RECEPT,UMNL,4 CKT GALLEY 028-0161 PLUG,CMNL,2 CKT STRIP LT 028-0447 PLUG, UMNL, 2CKT PANEL LTS GL81 FLOURESCENT LIGHT GALLEY LT 028-1100 RECEPT,12V AFI CABIN 12V RECEPTACLE 258/278 VISTA PORT HULL SYSTEM HARNESS ASSEMBLY Owner’s Manual Page 250 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 255 EMER START PLUG,UMNL,15 CKT 028-0452 SWITCH/HELM SYSTEMS 028-0452 PLUG,UMNL,15 CKT IGNITION SWITCH TV/DVD TB01 TERM BUSS,14 POS HELM DC RET FM01 FIRSTMATE MODULE FIRSTMATE HR01 HELM REMOTE STEREO REMOTE 258/278 VISTA HELM SYSTEM HARNESS ASSEMBLY Owner’s Manual Page 251 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 256 258/278 VISTA AFT SYSTEM HARNESS ASSEMBLY Owner’s Manual Page 252 Electrical Schematics...
  • Page 257 FRACT 1/16 SIZE: DRAWN BY: DATE: SCALE: SHEET: OF 2 PLCS +/- 04/06/05 DISCLOSURE OF THIS INFORMATION WITHOUT PERMISSION OF FOUR WINNS IS PROHIBITED. CHECKED BY: DATE: 3 PLCS +/- .020 027-2677 DWG NUMBER: DO NOT SCALE DRAWING. ANG +/- .5°...
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