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Yamaha Portatone PSR-410 Owner's Manual

Yamaha portatone psr-410 electronic keyboard owner's manual
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PSR-410

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  Summary of Contents for Yamaha Portatone PSR-410

  • Page 1 YAMAHA PSR-410...
  • Page 2 This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a may be rechargeable. Make sure that the battery being charged is a cart, rack, or stand that is recommended by Yamaha. If a cart, etc., is rechargeable type and that the charger is intended for the battery used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accom- being charged.
  • Page 3: Table Of Contents

    Congratulations! You are the proud owner of a Yamaha PSR-410. Your PSR-410 is a high-quality musical instrument that incorporates advanced Yamaha digital technology and many versatile features. In order to obtain maximum performance and enjoyment from your PSR-410, we urge you to read this Owner's Manual thoroughly while trying out the various features described.
  • Page 4: Panel Controls

    Panel Controls Top Panel Controls POWER Button ..........page 7 MASTER VOLUME Control ......page 7 MULTI DISPLAY .......... page 7,8 [+], [-] Buttons ..........page 9 Number Buttons [0]~[9], [+/-] ......page 9 ARE YOU SURE ? [YES], [NO] Buttons .
  • Page 5 REGISTRATION MEMORY Section DEMO Section • • MEMORIZE Button ........page 31 SONG# Button .
  • Page 6: Taking Care Of Your Portatone

    Refer all servicing to qualified YAMAHA lated devices OFF prior to connecting or discon- personnel. necting audio and MIDI cables. YAMAHA is not responsible for damage caused by improper handling or operation.
  • Page 7: Preparation

    Using An Optional AC Power Adaptor ....................Plug the DC output cable from an optional Yamaha PA-3, PA-4, PA-5, or...
  • Page 8: Using Headphones Or An External Sound System

    The Sustain Pedal An optional Yamaha FC4 or FC5 footswitch can be plugged into the rear-panel SUSTAIN PEDAL jack. The sustain pedal functions as a damper pedal, controlling sustain. Press the pedal to sustain notes after the keys are released.
  • Page 9: Listen To The Demo

    Listen to the Demo! Once you’ve set up your PSR-410, try listening to the pre-programmed demonstration songs — they’ll give you a good idea of what the PSR-410 can do! Turn the Power ON & Set the Volume ....................Before playing the demo turn the power ON by pressing the POWER switch (the panel indicators and MULTI DISPLAY will light), and turn the MASTER VOLUME control up (clockwise) about a quarter-turn from its...
  • Page 10: Basic Editing Procedure

    Basic Editing Procedure The PSR-410 features a flexible-but-consistent interface that lets you edit just about all of its parameters using the same basic procedure. Once familiar with the system, you’ll be able to edit any parameter quickly and easily. Here’s the basic procedure: Press a Function Button .
  • Page 11: Buttons

    2-2: The [+] and [-] Buttons The [+] and [-] buttons immediately to the right of the MULTI DIS- PLAY can be used to increment (increase by one) or decrement (decrease by one) the currently selected parameter. Press the [+] button briefly to in- crement the parameter value, or the [-] button to decrement.
  • Page 12: Selecting & Playing The Voices

    Selecting & Playing the Voices The PSR-410 has 128 stunning voices plus 8 different drum and percussion kits that you can select and play in a number of ways. Orchestration ORCHESTRATION button group in the PSR-410’s VOICE control section lets you select and The unique play from one to four “parts”...
  • Page 13 Split & Dual Modes Dual Mode [R1] [R2] In the dual mode both the part There are five possible combinations of the split voices are selected so they can be played simultane- and dual modes, as shown below. The part for the ously across the entire keyboard.
  • Page 14: Voice Assignment

    Selecting & Playing the Voices Voice Assignment You can assign any of the PSR-410’s 128 voices to each of the ORCHESTRATION parts, whether the part is currently ON or OFF. Press the [VOICE SELECT] Button ..................... . . You don’t need to do this if the [VOICE SELECT] indicator is already lit.
  • Page 15: Volume

    Volume You can individually set the volume of each orchestration part to set up the ideal balance between parts. Select the Part You Want to Edit ......................Use the ORCHESTRATION [EDIT] button to select the part you want to edit.
  • Page 16: Pan

    Selecting & Playing the Voices The PSR-410 delivers true stereo sound, and you can use this parameter to individually set the stereo (pan) position of each orchestration part to create a broad stereo image of your sound. Select the Part You Want to Edit ......................Use the ORCHESTRATION [EDIT] button to select the part you want to edit.
  • Page 17: Auto Harmony

    Auto Harmony Auto Harmony is used with the PSR-410’s Auto Accompaniment feature except for Full fingering mode (see page 20). It automatically adds appropriate harmony notes to a single-note melody line you play on the key- board. You can choose from 10 different types of harmony that can be assigned to the right-hand orchestration parts.
  • Page 18: Keyboard Percussion

    Selecting & Playing the Voices Keyboard Percussion The PSR-410 has 8 different drum and percussion “kits” that can be played on the keyboard when the Key- board Percussion function is turned ON. The types of drum and percussion instruments played by the various keys when Keyboard Percussion function is selected are marked by symbols above the keys.
  • Page 19: Pitch Bend

    Release the PITCH BEND wheel when you’ve set the required pitch bend range. Sustain If you have plugged an optional Yamaha FC4 or FC5 footswitch into the PSR-410’s rear-panel SUSTAIN PEDAL jack, the footswitch can be used as a damper pedal, controlling sustain. Press the pedal to sustain notes after...
  • Page 20: Overall Control

    Overall Control The OVERALL CONTROL section includes a range of parameters that, as their title suggests, apply to the overall sound of the PSR-410. Split Point Change This function lets you set the split point (the key that separates the left-hand and right-hand orchestration parts) to any key on the keyboard.
  • Page 21: Transpose

    Transpose The PSR-410 [TRANSPOSE] button makes it possible to shift the pitch of the PSR-410 up or down in semi- tone intervals up to a maximum of 12 semitones (one octave). Transposing the pitch of the PSR-410 keyboard makes it easier to play in difficult key signatures, and you can easily match the pitch of the keyboard to the range of a singer or other instrumentalist.
  • Page 22: Auto Accompaniment

    Auto Accompaniment The PSR-410 has 80 accompaniment styles that can be used to provide fully-orchestrated Auto Accompaniment. When the Auto Accompaniment function is turned ON, the PSR-410 creates fully-orchestrated rhythm, bass, and chord accompaniment based on chords you play with the left hand in the Auto Accompaniment section of the keyboard (i.e.
  • Page 23: Setting The Auto Accompaniment Split Point

    Setting the Auto Accompaniment Split Point To set the Auto Accompaniment split point, first turn Auto Accompani- To set the Auto Accompaniment split point, first turn Auto Accompani- ment ON — press the [AUTO ACCOMP] button so that its indicator lights —...
  • Page 24: Auto Accompaniment

    Auto Accompaniment Mode 1: Chord 1 The Chord 1 mode is ideal if you already know how to play chords on a keyboard, since it allows you to supply your own chords for the Auto Ac- companiment feature. The PSR-410 will accept the following chord types: Example for "C"...
  • Page 25 Mode 2: Chord 2 This is essentially the same as the Chord 1 mode, above, except that the lowest note played in the Auto Accompaniment section of the keyboard will be played by the bass part rather than the chord root. SINGLE mode fingering makes it simple to produce beautifully orches- Mode 3: Single trated accompaniment using major, seventh, minor and minor-seventh...
  • Page 26: Tempo Control

    Auto Accompaniment In this mode chords played anywhere on the keyboard are detected and Mode 5: Full used for Auto Accompaniment. Otherwise the keyboard functions normally, and the entire range is available for playing. Chord recognition is the same as in the Chord 1 mode. Please note that in this mode all notes you play on the keyboard at any one time will be interpreted as the Auto Accompani- ment chord.
  • Page 27: Accompaniment Control

    Accompaniment Control The PSR-410 provides a range of accompaniment “sections” — introduction, fill-ins, variations on the main pattern, ending — that you can select to control the “flow” of the accompaniment to achieve the desired musical results. Accompaniment start/stop and sections are controlled by the ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL buttons. Straight Start .
  • Page 28: Intro Button

    Auto Accompaniment Starting the Accompaniment with an Introduction ................Any of the PSR-410 accompaniment patterns can be started with an ap- propriate introduction by pressing the [INTRO] button and then the [START/STOP] button.
  • Page 29: Accompaniment Volume

    Stopping the Accompaniment ....................... An accompaniment in progress can be stopped immediately by pressing the [START/STOP] button or the [SYNC-START/STOP] button.
  • Page 30: The Track Buttons

    Auto Accompaniment The Track Buttons The PSR-410 Auto Accompaniment system includes eight TRACK buttons which allow you to control the accompaniment arrangement in real time. You can turn tracks on or off while playing for extra ac- companiment variety. The various tracks are turned on or off by pressing the corre- sponding.
  • Page 31: Re-Voicing The Tracks

    Re-voicing the Tracks To make the TRACK buttons even more versatile, the PSR-410 features a REVOICE function that lets you individually change the voices and several related VOICE section parameters assigned to each track. The param- eters that can be changed using the REVOICE function are as follows: •...
  • Page 32: One Touch Setting

    One Touch Setting Each PSR-410 accompaniment style has a suitable preset voice and other settings that can be instantly recalled by pressing the [ONE TOUCH SETTING] button in the VOICE control section. This makes it simple to recall the optimum settings for each style in one quick operation. To use the One Touch Setting function: select a style, press the [ONE TOUCH SETTING] button so that its indicator lights, then play.
  • Page 33: Registration Memory

    Registration Memory The PSR-410 REGISTRATION MEMORY can be used to store four complete sets of VOICE and AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT settings that can be recalled anytime at the touch of a button. The REGISTRATION MEMORY stores the following parameters: AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT VOICE 1.
  • Page 34: Record Functions

    Record Functions The PSR-410 RECORDING section controls two recording functions: The SONG MEMORY: Record complete songs including an accompaniment track and melody track. Each PAGE MEMORY holds a different song. MULTI PADS: Record short chord, melody, or rhythm sequences that can be played back anytime by simply pressing a button.
  • Page 35: Accompaniment Track Recording

    Accompaniment Track Recording The SONG MEMORY ACCOMP track records the following operations and data: • • Tempo. Chord changes. • Style • Intro, Main, Fill in, & Ending sections. number. • • Revoice. Accompaniment volume. • Auto accompaniment TRACK button operations. Select a PAGE MEMORY .
  • Page 36 Record Functions Record ................................Recording will begin as soon as you play a chord on the Auto Accompa- niment section of the keyboard.
  • Page 37: Melody Track Recording

    Melody Track Recording The SONG MEMORY MELODY track records the following operations and data: • • Pan. Key on/off (i.e. notes played on the keyboard). • Harmony on/off & harmony type. • Key velocity. • Sustain (footswitch) on/off. • • Voice number (Percussion Kit Number).
  • Page 38: Accompaniment And Melody Playback

    Record Functions Accompaniment And Melody Playback Select a PAGE MEMORY ........................If necessary, press the [PAGE #] button to select the PAGE MEMORY number containing the song you want to play back.
  • Page 39: The [Reset] Button

    The [RESET] Button Press the SONG [RESET] button to go directly to the first measure of the song and turn ON all tracks that contain data. Measure number “001” will appear on the MULTI DISPLAY. The [RESET] button also functions during playback or recording.
  • Page 40: The Multi Pads

    Record Functions The PSR-410 MULTI PADS can be used to record short rhythmic or melodic sequences, percussion fill-ins, or single percussion sounds that can be played at any time simply by pressing the appropriate pad. Pads [1] and [2] play back exactly as recorded, while pads [3] and [4] are “CHORD MATCH” types which are automatically trans- posed to match chords played using the PSR-410 Auto-accompaniment feature.
  • Page 41: Playback

    Engage the MULTI PAD Record Ready Mode Press one of the MULTI PAD buttons — [1] through [4] — while holding the [REC] button. The [REC] button indicator and the selected MULTI PAD indictor will flash to indicate that the record ready mode is engaged, and the metronome will begin to sound at the currently selected tempo if the OVER- ALL CONTROL section [METRONOME] button indicator is lit.
  • Page 42: Clearing Tracks

    Record Functions The [CLEAR] button can be used to completely erase the following data: All data after the current measure in the specified SONG MEMORY track. All data from the specified MULTI PAD. For a SONG MEMORY Track, Set the Start Measure Use the [MEASURE #] button to set the first measure to be cleared (page 37).
  • Page 43: Page Memory

    Page Memory In addition to the REGISTRATION MEMORY described on page 31, the PSR-410 has a PAGE MEMORY that stores panel control and parameter settings plus the con- tents of the SONG MEMORY, and MULTI PADS. There are four PAGE MEMORY locations, each holding a com- plete set of parameters and recorded data.
  • Page 44: Midi

    MIDI MIDI, the Musical Instrument Digital Interface, is a world-standard communication interface that allows MIDI-compatible musical instruments and equipment to share musical information and control one another. This makes it possible to create "systems" of MIDI instruments and equip- ment that offer far greater versatility and control than is available with isolated instruments. The PSR-410 MIDI Connectors The PSR-410 MIDI IN connector receives MIDI data from an external MIDI device which can be used to control the PSR-410.
  • Page 45: Midi Bulk Dump/Page Copy Button

    MIDI bulk dump operations allow large amounts of MIDI data to be transmitted from one device to another. The entire contents of the currently selected PSR-410 PAGE MEMORY (MULTI PADS, SONG MEMORY, REGISTRATION MEMORY) can be dumped to a second PSR-410 or to a bulk storage device such as a MIDI data recorder or MIDI computer.
  • Page 46: Page Copy

    MIDI Bulk Dump Reception The PSR-410 will automatically receive bulk dump data from another PSR-410 or MIDI data storage de- vice as long as the MIDI OUT terminal of the external device is properly connected to the MIDI IN connector of the PSR-410, and PSR-410 MIDI reception is enabled.
  • Page 47: Midi Reception Modes

    The [RECEIVE CH/CL/COM] button is used to specify the reception mode for each of the 16 MIDI channels, the internal or external clock mode, and MIDI start/stop command reception mode. Channel Reception Modes The PSR-410 allows any of five reception modes to be individually assigned to MIDI channels 1 through 16. The five modes are: Mode "0"...
  • Page 48: Clock Mode

    MIDI Clock Mode Reception of an external MIDI clock signal can be enabled or disabled as required. When disabled, all of the PSR-410's time-based functions (Auto Accompaniment, SONG MEMORY, etc.) are controlled by its own inter- nal clock, the speed of which is set by the PSR-410 [TEMPO] button. When MIDI clock reception is enabled, however, all timing is controlled by an external MIDI clock signal received via the PSR-410 MIDI IN terminal (the PSR-410 [TEMPO] setting has no effect).
  • Page 49: Midi Transmission

    The PSR-410 allows any of the 16 MIDI transmit channels to be assigned to the R ORCHESTRATION voices. MIDI Transmit Channels The R ORCHESTRATION voices can be set to transmit on any of the 16 MIDI channels as follows: Press the [TRANSMIT CH] button Press the [TRANSMIT CH] button to set the R voice transmit channel.
  • Page 50: Appendix

    Appendix Voice & Polyphony List The PSR-410 can play up to 28 individual notes at the same time (i.e. it has a maximum "polyphony" of 28). This number includes all voices used: dual, split, auto accompaniment, song memory, and multi pads. If the maximum polyphony of the PSR-410 is exceeded, the excess notes will be truncated (they will not sound).
  • Page 51: Style List

    Style List...
  • Page 52 Appendix Style List...
  • Page 53: Reset Procedures & Page Memory Default Settings

    Reset Procedures & Page Memory Default Settings All PSR-410 page memory settings are retained in memory even when the power switch is turned OFF as long as the PSR-410 is powered by batteries or an AC adapter. You can, however, restore the factory default set- tings for all four page memories or a single specified page memory by following the procedures outlined below.
  • Page 54 Appendix Page Memory Default Settings * The song memory has no default data, so all data it contains will be erased when a reset operation is executed. * The default [EDIT] button indicator setting is R1.
  • Page 55: Troubleshooting

    Troubleshooting Something not working as it should? In many cases what appears to be a malfunction can be traced to a sim- ple error that can be remedied immediately. Before assuming that your PSR-410 is faulty, please check the fol- lowing points.
  • Page 56: Percussion Kit List

    Percussion Kit List indicates the content is the same as that of Standard Kit. * The corresponding MIDI note numbers for the notes listed in the chart below are actually one octave lower. For example, the MIDI note number for note * Only 1 note can be played at a time when Keyboard Percussion is engaged.
  • Page 58: Midi Implementation Chart

    MIDI Implementation Chart [Portable Keyboard] Date: 1993. 6.15 Model: PSR-410 MIDI Implementation Chart Version: 1.00 Function Transmitted Recognized Remarks Basic Default 1~16 CH 1~16CH(*1) Channel Changed 1~16 CH 1~16CH(*1) Default Mode 3 (*1) Mode Messages Altered ***************** Note 0~127 0~127 Number : True voice ***************** 0~127...
  • Page 59: Gm System Level 1

    *1. The following modes can be set individually for each channel via *10. Exclusive. the panel control: <GM1 System ON> F0H, 7EH, 7FH, 09H, 01H, Mode 00: Reception OFF. All parameters except MIDI Master Tuning are reset to their Mode 01: Direct tone generator control. default values.
  • Page 60: Specifications

    Specifications Keyboards: SONG MEMORY: 61 standard-size keys (C1~C6) with touch response. MEASURE# TRACK: ACCOMP, MELODY VOICE: AWM128 voices: 01~128 SONG: Polyphony: 28 RESET, PLAY/STOP KEYBOARD PERCUSSION: 1~8 VOL:00~24 RECORDING: OCTAVE: -2~2 REC,CLEAR PAN:-7~7 ONE TOUCH SETTING ARE YOU SURE?: YES,NO ORCHESTRATION: R1/R2/L1/L2 HARMONY: TYPE 01 ~10, ON/OFF MULTI DISPLAY:...
  • Page 61: Index

    Index + and - buttons Introduction (Intro) Re-voice Reception modes, MIDI 32-40 Record functions AC power adaptor Registration memory Accompaniment control Keyboard percussion Reset button Accompaniment track recording Reset procedures 9,40,41 Are you sure? Auto accompaniment Main A & B sections Auto harmony Measure number Service &...
  • Page 62 MEMO...
  • Page 63 For details of products, please contact your nearest Yamaha or the authorized distributor listed below. HEAD OFFICE Yamaha Corporation, Electronic Musical Instrument Division Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430 Tel: 053-460-3273 [PK] 1...
  • Page 64 YAMAHA YAMAHA CORPORATION M.D.G., EMI Division 1993 Yamaha Corporation VQ37490 JDAIR0PO1.4CP Printed in Japan...